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136 NOTICES OE BOOKS.
_ Transactions 1862. Edited Of Ilie By N...
To enter on the discussion of tiiis subject liere would be . impossible , but we cannot avoid remarking * tnat the best of the writing and
the best of the argument is on the side of the opponents of the new code . Mr . Fitch ' s paper on " Educational Results and the mode of
testing _them" shows up the shallowness of the cry " Pay for JResults . "—" Yes , " he answers , " but what Mnd of results do we
want ? " That question has got to be answered first : — to " equi You p take him a for little the child active from duties a poor of and life ill . -ordered What should home , he and be y tau ou wan ght ? t
are He want the s instrument , of course s , to of be futur put e in acquirement possession , of and those wh mechanical ich are the arts media which of communication with the worldand the requisites for performing its
busishoul ness . ! But b it is als ht o under necessary reliious , that he isci should lineand acquire that ri the ght school habits , in that which he gp
he spends the roug best hours of every day , shou , ld be one in which mental to activity be tau is promoted ht to tliinh and about an appetite his work for — kn to o feel wled an ge interest generated in inquiring . He wants and
g the observing in f which or himself knowled , and to is to know be something iredand —if it be ever oses so little it ou — of to serve way . " ge acqu , ppg
tabulated Are all from these " results monosyllables to be g " iven Standar up in d I . favour to ' Newspaper of what can j ) ara be
graph " _-Standard VI . ? A table of the curriculum is given , and barren enough it looks . Mr . Fitch , after an able vindication of
the intelligent and intelligence-awakening character of the teaching in our National Schools under the old system , thus concludes : —
There more " We ri is gid must an method element secure of results of testing truth , and school and we wisdom may work , with , than therefore great we have , propriety in the hitherto recent , insist adopted popular on a .
sur demand ed by . line But and if we rule fasten , and utterl our eyes y disregard only on such the nature results as of are the to machinery be mea-I by believe which they that are all a the chieved best , and and th noblest e spirit in results which of the popular machinery education is worked will ,
on escap as e one us in altogeth advance er , , and will that prove the to step be a which retrograde some are one now , and disposed one _leadin to look g to fatal and deplorable consequences . "
The Department of Punishment and Reformation is more than half devoted to the question of Convict Discipline . The heads of
the English and Irish Systems , Sir Joshua Jebb and Sir Walter Crofton _, come forward in defence of their respective modes of
operation , —both at least professing the same principle , that of reducing crime by the reformation of the criminal . Each is supported
hy writers of authority on the question ; but the Irish system is explained and defended iii a very little compass as compared with
the English , which may be accounted for by the much greater clearness and directness of its aims , and the superior intelligence
with which it works them out . The half-dozen pages in which the Rev . Mr . Clay points out " the difference between the English and
Irish Convict Systems" places the whole controversy in the clearest
136 Notices Oe Books.
136 NOTICES _OE BOOKS .
English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864), April 1, 1863, page 136, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ewj/issues/ewj_01041863/page/64/