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348 THE CHILDREN OF MULHOUSE.
* M. Jeajnt Doiiiipirs Has Just Read To ...
So fearful a disproportion has necessarily roused the anxiety of men whose life has been one continued struggle to overcome the
evils incident to the lives of operatives . A searching investigation carried on among a sufficiently large number , has enabled it to be
demonstrated that the mortality is very great among children whose mothers work in a factory- The factory womanduring the period
of pregnancy , does not and cannot take the care which , her condition requires . Important as it is to her to earn her wages , she returns
too and quickl thus y fatall to the deprive factory s , trusts the littl her e infant creature to the of the care care of stran which gers is ,
indispensable to y the existence of the newborn child . On inquiry with regard to the mothers employed in the different
departments of his manufactory , M . Dollfus found that out of first illeg 199 itimat births or 26 e , in 33 two cent death years . s and occurred , of 35 which within 123 the the were second first leg year itimate or 46 among per and cent the 76 .
An , average per of 3 6 per , cent ., or among more than one infant , in three- — while the deaths only amount to 1 in 8 or 10 in families in easy
circumstances . The evil being demonstrated , and one of its causes discovered ,
its palliative may be attained . As the mortality principally affected the children of the factory womenM . J . Dollfus
conremai sidered n wi that th her it was infan necessary t after her , first confinement of all , that , and the it mother would should suffice
, for this to guarantee to her her wages during this compulsory period of inactivity . Success has quickly crowned the effort of the
honourable reporter , whose own words we give . " The whole for the six weeks following the fortnight ' s pay
during the lying wages -in have Ibeen paid , and besides the visits of the medical man attached to the establishment , a midwife . makes daily
visits for some time , and takes particular care that everything is done which can contribute to the welfare of the little nurslings j
and to the most necessitous , linen and clothing has been given . These efforts have produced excellent results .
"In 63 infants born between the 1 st of November and the 1 st of Maof whom 38 were legitimate and 25 illegitimateonly 6 have
died y , 2 the former and 4 the latter ( , there were 2 stillborn , ) among . On the 1 st of May these among children had attained an
average of three months . The mortality is much smaller after the early months—thus the total number of births for the 7 towns
above cited has been , not counting the stillborn , 123 , 795 in the last two years ; and of these 16740 infants died under the age of
, , six months , or 14 per cent ., and only 5 , 175 , or 4 * 1-5 per cent ., between six months and one year , not a third part of those who .
die during the first six months .
there "In will calculating be a mortality , then , of onl y half attainment that for the of fi rst t year hree m of onth age s , ,
348 The Children Of Mulhouse.
348 THE CHILDREN OF MULHOUSE .
English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864), July 1, 1863, page 348, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ewj/issues/ewj_01071863/page/60/