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HEINRICH PESTALOZZI. 87
At Lastafter Many Years' Difficult Searc...
that lie lias destroyed tlie old , cold , mindless method of teaching of and the education new school , and / 7 therefore or simply has " Father been ri Pestalozzi ghtly called " a the name " Father which
, endears him to many Swiss children before they know what they owe to him .
The author of " How Gertrude teaches her Children" attracted many strangers to Burgdorf ; many stayed for weeks and months
and consulted Pestalozzi and his colleagues : and when they returned to their homesintroduced into other schools what they had
, seen and learnt . But the consequences of the French Revolution were once more
to disturb his work ; the castle of Burgdorf was appointed as the residence of a magistrate of the altered administration of Berne ; the
old monastery of Munchenbuchsee was to receive Pestalozzi and his ils . There he was joined in 1802 by De Fellenbergan
excellent pup teacherwho was impressed with the same leading , ideas ; but the union did , not prove happy ; the two men differed too much in
their activity , and in 1805 Pestalozzi separated _wdth a few masters and eight pupilsand -went to Yferten or Yverdon , in the Canton
, de Vaud . In the midst of this old Roman town stands a square castle , with a spacious inside yard and a large round
tower at each corner ; into this building Pestalozzi transferred his school . The character of the school changed entirely ; he had no
more the beggars' children of Neuhof , or the orphans of Stantz , nor the poor of Burgdorf : it became an institution for the rich and
wealthy . All branches of instruction were taught , pupils from all nations came , learned men and teachers , kings and princes wished to
be acquainted with the Pestalozzian system : there were often 200 pupilsfifty teachers and assistants , and a great many visitors . The
, Institution became , in the words of a eulogist : — " A European training school for teachers and educators . _"
Among others , Friedrich Frobel , from Eisenach , then an enthusiastic young tutor , came with his pupil to spend a few months at
Yverdon , teaching him in the customary school hours and spending his leisure time in listening to Pestalozzi and conversing with him .
And so well did he ponder over his master's ideas during nearly half a century , whilst he was occupied in boys' schools in his native
Thuringia , that towards the end of his active life , he established a system for Infant Schoolstruly in the spirit of Pestalozzi . Pie
, called them Kindergarten , children ' s gardens , to indicate the natural mode of treating each little one like a plant , leaving it to its
free development under loving and judicious guidance . Unfortu-. natelyFrobel has found more admirers ready to adopt his method
than his , principles , so that in many Kindergarten , the fundamental idea of the great master is lost sight of .
. Pestalozzi was always pleased to see strangers ; for he hoped
wide that . When seeds Prince of a better Esterhazy education came , would Pestalozzi be thu ' s first spread hop e was and ,
Heinrich Pestalozzi. 87
HEINRICH PESTALOZZI . 87
English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864), Oct. 1, 1862, page 87, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ewj/issues/ewj_01101862/page/15/