On this page
- Text (2)
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
'" It He^Wak. - The Fortunes Of The Russ...
often very atn \ t 3 iay . The walls are covered with them . ; a paatepofc , a pair of scis ^ ora , some old papers , and a little fancy—the 3 e ava materials of which a man can , make wonderful U 3 ^ ia enliveniug and decorating the wooden walls of his temporary residence . — Times ' Correspondent .
A MUEDEft IX THE CAMP . An outrage lias be 3 ti committed at Kamiesch of a very barbarous character , and I am sorry to say the perp 3 trator was a soldier and aii Englishman . It appears that a man employed in a canteen ia the town gave some cause of offence to the sergeant of the detachment of the 11 th Hussars quartered atKa . zatch for orderly duty between head-quarters and the admiral . The sergeant , having armed himself with a pistol , went to the canteen aud accused the man of being a
deserter from the Royal Albert , calling on him at the same time to surrender and follow him . The man denied that ho was a deserter , and refused to go , whereupon the sergeant fired at him across the counter , aud gave him a mortal wound , of which he died in a very short time in great agony . The sergeant was at ouee seized by persons in the canteen , and is now under close arrest . However , considering the vast number of all sorts and conditions of men out here , it is only astonishing that acts of violence have been so few and far between . There are not less than
25 , 000 camp followers , including those of tie French , Sardinians , and English , belonging to the allied army , or hanging ou their skirts ; and some persons are inclined to believe that this estimate is very much under the mark . —Idem . - -
GENERAL VIVIAN " CONCILIATING . " TUB TURKS . I have to narrate an act of Genei-al Vivian ' s , which involves , in the opinion of throe-fourths of the European officsrs here , a very great injustice . On the arrival of the Contingent at Kerfceh , Captain Guernsey —the officer in question- —who had acted for some months as deputy-assistant quartermaster-general to the force at Constantinople , was appointed provostmarshal . In this post—which was no sinecure—he remained up till the 2 nd of November , when , having received notice of an intended plundering attack upon a Tartar house in the town by some Turkish soldiers , he repaired to the spot just dn time to catch the
scoundrels m the act * They were , of course , taken off under arrest , and were being or about to be flogged , when a mob of their fellows , headed by a colassi ( native captain ) , rushed upon Cap * . Guernsey and his guard with swords , sticks , stones , & c . The colassi , sword in hand , singled out the provost-marshal , whose only visible weapon was a heavy riding whip , and was iu the act of making a slicing blow at him , when the latter suddenly drew a revolver from his pocket and threatened to fire if the rascal advanced further . The Turk ' s "blood , however , was 'J , JCip , " , roaring " Giaour ! " he closed in . CaptatiT Guernsey fired aud missed , but , at the second discharge of his
weapon , seat a bullet through -the fellow ' s shoulder , aud another through the neck of a second rnffian who tried a simultaneous attack iu flauk . This prompt display of firmness had the happiest effect , though it only saved the provost-marshal himself . At some distance from the scene of this personal struggle , the provost-sei'geant , an Englishman , had been attacked at the saino time as Ms chief , and after a hard backto-wall fight with a party of the sissailants yns brought to the ground , where , after having boon * kicked and bruised , ho was in the very act of receiving a crushing blow on the head from a heavy shoulder - stone , levelled at him by one of his antagonists , wheu Capt . Walker
—an English regimental officer—dashed into the party on horseback , and by a few vigorously dealt applications of his sabre speedily cleared a ring round the sergeant . The sight of Avhiit Captain Guornsoy's Colt had effected , and his declaration that three bullets yet remained for those who offered further violence , combined , with this energetic demonstration on the part of Captain Walker , to secure an unmolested exit for the provost-marshal and his party ; and tho two wounded Turks were sent off to hospital . What was tho opinion of the Lieutenruit-Gonoral commanding ? Captain Walker was severely ropriraauded , and tho provost-marshal has , been sent homo —virtually dismissed tho force , Gonoral Vivian preferred sacrificing a most doserving offtcor , of whoso conduct in this
matter most Englishmen vill approve , to exasperating tho troops by unnecessary floverity . " But ovon more culpable , souxo will think , was , tho display of moral woalcuoss mado by this oommandor in dealing with a yot more flagrant outrage committed during the very night preooding this attack on tlio provost-marshal . Soon after tho arrival of tho Conbingont at Kertoh , it was discovered that novorat of the gravoH in tho gouoral burial grouud outaido tlio town hud boon opened during tho night , and their iunxates plundered of tho trinkets dooko < l in which it was tho practice of tho wealthier Russian and Tartar tamlheu to inter thole dead . A guard—oornposed of aoldieiw of tho 71 st Highlanders—was placed ovor tho spot eaoh evening at sunset ; when , n , few nights Mtov this precaution was commenced , a uoieo w < va hoard ainongnt tho tombs . The guard challenged
upon . Discipline was almost at an end . The soldiers had at on « time all but worshipped General Williams . After the action , in particular , they gathered round their gallant leader , only too happy , after the Eastern fashion , to touch the hem of his garment in token . of their submission and respect . Now these same naen refused to salute him , and turned their eyes away when they saw him approach . Still , to the last , he hardened his 'heart in hope . Omar Pacha had written to him , oti his arrival at Batouni , to hold out only another month
, and he would be with him . The Muchir here , too , Selim Pacha , who had been sent from Constantinople to take the command , forwarded him a similar despatch , informing him that he was at the head of a large and well-disciplined force , all admirably equipped and eager for the fight , and that he would lose no time in marching to his relief . Tims deceived , the General determined to hold out as loug as a mouthful of food remained ; and , in fact , the last biscuit was issued out of store on the v « ry day of the capitulation . "
" The hospitals were crowded with sick ; on the Thursday before the surrender eighty men died in one day . Many went mad or became idiots frotn sheer hunger and liar-d work . Those who preserved a remnant of health , half-starred as they were , and scarcely clothed , were obliged -to mount sentry almost every night up to the ankles in snow . Since the battle of the 29 th of September , there had been no animal food to issue to the troops . Horses had indeed been killed in the Genea-al ' s stables secretly by night , but the meat was sent to the hospitals for the sick . A pittance of bread or flour made into weak broth was all that the working soldiers had to subsist
which , as if to add to their misery , passed almost all day within their ken . Townspeople and soldiers alike suffered all the horrors of famine . The former crowded round General Williams as he rode out of his quarters , and prayed him , with all the eloquence of despair , to seek some means of putting an end to their misery . Women forced their way into his vary rooms , and , throwing their starving children at bis feet , implored hiai leather to kill them at once than let them pei-ish thus piecemeal for want of sustence .
. The subjoined frightful particulars of the famine which preceded the capitulation of Kars are from a correspondent of the Times at Erzeroum : — " The condition of the Rediffs and Basshi-Bazouks before leaving Kars was as wretched as it could be ; so much so ( I quote word for word from an eyewitness ) that Ifc was positively painful to stir out of doors . They wer « lying about in all directions , groaning piteously—watching the Kussian provision-waggons
and received for answer a couple of musket shots : a volley was then poured in , in the direction of this fire , and on running up to the spot , the men found a Turkish lieutenant lying dead beside an open grave , having in his hand the ringed finger of a female corpse that he had just mutilated ; near him . lay one of the scoundrels who had been aiding in this sacrilege of the dead , but whom a bullet through the ] eg had kept from making good his retreat in company with those who had escaped . Well , General Vivian quietly let the matter drop , aud , " not to « 3 casperate the Turks , " withdrew the guard of Highlanders , and left the graves to iheir fate . Since then the rifling of the dead has been resumed . —Dally News Correspondent ( Kertch ) .
January 5, 1856.] T H E Lea He K. »
January 5 , 1856 . ] T H E LEA HE K . »
Wa3t Miscellanea. Prince Mensciiikofp, B...
WA 3 t MISCELLANEA . Prince Mensciiikofp , by an imperial ukase , dated the 21 st wit ., is appointed Military Governor-General of Cronstadt , with all the rights and powers appertaining to a General-in-Chief 5 n time of war . Sir Edmund Lttons , who baa just been promoted to the rank of Admiral , lias sot out for Franoe . He leaves the command provisionally with Admiral Ereenaantle . The squadron of Admiral Stewart , which wns at Smyrna , sailed thenoe on tho 16 th for Athens . Re-kntcebino THE Baltic—A portion of tho Baltic Hoot has boon obliged to re-enter that sen , ou account of a sxiddou change in tho wonther releasing tho ico . — " It was stated to- < lay on 'Change , " Hays a lottor from Hamburg , " that tho two English corvettes , tho last of tho squadron , which had remained in observation at Eliunore , had ro-ontored tEio Baltic , on , receipt of information that a considerable number of Finnish vossols , taking advantago of a change- iu tho woathor , which enabled thorn to put to hou , had suaooodocl in roaohiug Swedish ports with thoir cargoes , iu oxchango for which thoy woro loading colonial goods for Russia , Tho names of soyoral of thoao vessels , oapturod by tho English , woro mentioned , and nobody qppoarod to doubt tho fact , for tho Russian authorities had imprudently unnounood , in an official manner , to tho merchants that tho alliod oruiriora had withdrawn , and that consequently tha Baltic was rooponod to domestic and foreign navigation . " Health oi ? tub Ahmt .-2 ly tho last report of Dr . Hall ( dated December 10 th ) , wo loarn that tlio honlth of tho army continwoo excellent .
STATE OF THE NATION . The close of the year has given occasion fo r several retrospective glances at the mercantile and trading condition of the country . Foremost among these is the official return of the Revenue for the last quarter of 1855—a document which exhibits an increase , as compared with the quartev which ended on the 31 st of Dec , 1854 , of 41321 , 475 . The various items are thus set down : — INCREASE . Excise £ 53 , 144 Taxes 52 , 706 Property Tax £ 34 , 353 Post Office - 16 , 038 Crown Lands 5 , 000 Miscellaneous 167 , 140 £ 728 , 381 DECREASE . Customs * £ 315 , 506 Stamps 91 , 400 406 , 906 Net Increase £ 321 , 475 The results , for the whole of the year just terminated , compared with those of the year 1854 , are still more satisfactory , as they exhibit an increase of £ 8 , 133 , 396 . A table showing the fluctuations in the stock and ' share market during the year 1855 has been published ; and the subjoined analysis of its contents is given in the Times City article of Wednesday : — " Throughout the whole period , the extreme range of Consols was 7 jf per cent .- —that of the preceding year having been 10 | per cent . The difference between the opening and closing prices has been comparatively moderate , Consols being only 2 f per cent , low * * " than on the 1 st of January . In railway shares , with a few exceptions , the depression has been much greater . As regards the Bank bullion , its amount at the commencemeat was £ 13 , 667 , 384 ; it reacted £ 18 , 169 , 020 in June , and has now declined to £ 10 , 981 , 745 . At the Bank of France the total at the beginning was £ 16 , 200 , 000 , which has since been reduced to £ 8 , 600 , 000 . On the Paris Bourse the fall in the Three per Cent . Rentes has been only 1 per cent . Wheat has experienced less fluctuation than in the preceding year . The price of white wheat in January was 83 s ., whence it declined in March to 72 s . In ! N " ovenxber , it reached OQh ., and it is now about 82 s . As regards the declared value of our exportations of produce and manufactures , the Board of Trade tables thus far , which comprise only ten months of the year , show only a trifling decrease , which is likely to be more than covered when the final returns are made \ ip , the total having been £ 88 , 531 , 865 , against £ S 9 , ( " 38 , 586 in the corresponding period of 1854 . The movements iu the Bant rate of discount were un-] 3 recedentedly ,, numerous , having comprised eight alterations . The ' opeuiug rate waa 5 per cent . Before the middle of June this had been gradually reduced to 3 . ^ p-e r cent . , aud in the remaining six mouths it was carried uninterruptedly to 0 per cent , for short , and 7 per cent , for long bills . " The Liverpool emigration , returns for 1855 exhibit a diminution in the number of persons sailing from that port , to the extent of nearly one half , as compared with last year ' s return . A communication from Liverpool informs us that" The total number of ships which have sailed hence for all foraign ports during the j T ear , including ' short shi ; s , ' or those which do not come under the surveillance of the Government officers , has been 576 , carrying altogether 122 ,-180 souls , against 957 ships , which took thoir departure hence for all foreign ports in the year 1854 , with 210 , 7-12 soulson board . If the former number , about 90 , 000 , or two-thirds , have proceeded to tho United Statoa , and about 27 , 000 to the Australian Colonies , tho bulk of tho remainder being oqually divided between Canada , ami Now Brunswick . 113 , 037 of those emigrants wont in passengor-ships under tho inspection of the local emigration agonts , ami of that number 5 i > , 02 ; ' 5 , or more than ono-half , woro Irish , 32 , 108 English , 14 , 513 Scotch , and the remainder , with tho exception of 1 , 304 who woro cabin passengers , and woro not classified , were natives of other countries , but oliiofly Gonnnns . Of tho 27 , 000 who sailed for . Austrafin , 0 , 8 < f >!) " were English , 8 , 158 Irish , 3 , 482 Scotch , and tho remainder natives of othov countries . It ia oxpootod that next spring there will bo a groat influx of Germans into Liverpool , for tho purpose of emigrating to the United Stntos , " Iu connection with emigration , it is gratifying to be able to announce a contemplated improvement , which was mu « h needed , in the steam transport to our Australian Colonies . Over and above the renewal aT tho clipper contract for one year with tho Liverpool shipowners , Mr . Labouchcre , it is understood , is nbout actively to inaugurate his presidency of tho coloninl department by 111 lnst
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 5, 1856, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/cld_05011856/page/3/