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"The one Idea which History exhibits as ...
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NEWS OF THE WEEK- *aob Mr. Car dwell at ...
VOL.. VI. No. 250.1 SATURDAY, JANTJAIIY ...
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T HE new year opens with another move in...
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"The One Idea Which History Exhibits As ...
" The one Idea which History exhibits as evermore developing itself into greater distinctness is the Idea of Humanity—the noble endeavour to throw-down all the barriers erected between men by prejudice and one-sided views ; and by . setting aside the distinctions of Religion , Country , and Colour , to treat the whole Human race a 3 one brotherhood , having one great object—the free development of our spiritual nature . "—Humboldt ' s Cosmos .
≪3?Cmtent5s. In The
News Of The Week- *Aob Mr. Car Dwell At ...
NEWS OF THE WEEK- * aob Mr . Car dwell at Oxford 0 Literary Institution at Seaham ... 11 £ W ^ rnS \ l The War 2 Our Civilisation 9 Admiral Dundas ' s Farewell to The Rev . George Gilfillan is KS ^^^ E :: I ^ Kaasasj ^ BSj ^ sS ™ = =: S t £ SS ™ == I AnS * l of % hB Him ' aiaya with in " ThTf ^ Jl ^ sion " ' to Rome 10 PUBLIC AFFAIRS- Book ^ onSu ^ Table . '" : ' . " . " . " 21 valids from the Crimea 7 Fatal Railway Accidents 10 13 J 3 UOliS Death of General Adams 7 A Clever Woman -. ¦• . *• " The Political situation 13 THE ARTS—™ M $ B ^ F = I HIS ^ ^^ I SS & SS \ i . £ !^« i ™ -::: li . Trade of Neutrals 8 Working Man ' s Emigration So- OPEN COUNCIL— ^ nS ^ Bffih ' Aiiiiics ::: ; ::::: I Thi & rv ::::::::::::::::::::::: ; ::: " : ;; : S mXLuoof the war ::::::::::::::: S Births , Marriages , and Deaths ... 22 New Metropolitan Commission of Mr . Robert Owen and his Mil- Jung Bahadoor < 15 COMMERCIAL AFFAIRSSewers .-Mr . F . O . Ward ' s State- jS ^^ - oS ^ ZZ Z ZZZZ 8 UTERATURE- City Intelligence , Markets , Adfiulrplu ^' R ^ venues" ::: " ::::. " ..:: " ....:.. 9 Election Intelligence 11 Summary 16 vertisements , & c 22-21
Vol.. Vi. No. 250.1 Saturday, Jantjaiiy ...
VOL .. VI . No . 250 . 1 SATURDAY , JANTJAIIY 6 , 1855 . [ Price Sixpence .
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T He New Year Opens With Another Move In...
T HE new year opens with another move in the Austrian alliance and the Frenchjoan ; with confusion in our own official conduct of ~ thVVar ; and a" dense cloud over Continental eventualities . As to theJ ^ ustrian alliance—setting aside for the moment _ the _ policy and moral of the whole connexion between that empire , the Elected of December , and our constitutional Sovereign—the diplomatic event reported this week is one of the most distinct of public facts . On the 28 th of
last month the representatives of the Three Powers met , and signed a protocol defining the interpretation which they jointly put upon the four conditions laid down by the Western Powers as preliminary to any negotiations with Russia ; the protocol virtually " conyerfii line tf ^ ty of Deceniber' 2 into one offensive as well as defensive . They have communicated that transaction to the representative of Russia , and left Prince GortschakofF to report
progress to his Czar . The diplomatist has , more suOy asked for time—Russia always asks for timeand hitherto , although time is golden roubles to him , it has been given as generously as if it were only paper roubles . The situation , however , is becoming serious for all sides ; within the last few months there does appear more ground to suppose that the Three Powers have pursued their own course separately from that of Russia . Will they listen to her , but not wait for her ?
The French loan , if it were not like every act of official France under the present regime , a jugglery , would bo also a sufficiently definite proceeding . Last year the Emperor Napoleon asked his subjects for a loan of 250 , 000 , 000 francs—10 , 000 , 000 / . •— and the response mode by the French public to that invitation was , in many respects , one of the most instructive chapters in the moral history of political finance . Not only did tho Emperor get all ho asked , but much more
was offered . By tho many to whom the Bourse is France , this extreme willingness to place money in tho present Emperor ' s hands will bo regarded as a practical consecration of Bonapartism . Tho Emperor of December could , not , > it will be said , have obtained that money except as an investment ; in other words , a sufficient number of Frenchmen wore found to gamble in " the probable durability of Louis Napoleon , and there were moro such gamblers in Franco than ho antici-<¦ > .
p ' ated . The game , it is said , is double winnings to hinu First , he gets his money ; secondly , every man that lends money to him becomes interested to the amount of his deposit in the duration of Louis " Napoleon ; and we all know how much the careful French will sacrifice to the safety of their " economies . " This year 7 be doubles the financial coup cVetat ; and this year , probably , he will therefore triple the number of depositors whose money interests are staked upon
his permanence . It is the philosophy of Mercadet , who says a creditor is nobody ; lie may always , as they say in the free cquhtries " of the West , be repudiated . But it is the debtor whose condition engages the general solicitude . That he shall be healthy if not happy , and enduring if not popular , must be the voaii of the spirited and pure citizens , whose deposits already amount to 10 , 000 , OOOZ . —250 , 000 , 000 francs—and whom he asks-to -increase their-stocksto thrice that ^ amount .
—750 , 000 , 000 . On our own side , save the signature of the Vienna protocol , there is little but anxious mutterings at home , and torpid misery and expectation at the seat of " action" to record . The one marking fact of the week is the departure of a second and third corps of " navvies" for Balaklava—five hundred strong . The knave of spades
becomes the forlorn hope of the game in the Crimea-It is a grand controversy who shall be Commander-in-Chief , vice Lord Raglan , condemned as cold and secretive , with nothing but incompotency to secrete , and nothing but age and a vacant sleeve to show . Besides , he has offended certain " abstract chroniclers . " Who ,
then , shall it be ? Sir John Bnrgoyne , says one ; only ho is' an officer of engineers , not a fighting General ; he is aged , and trembles in his handwriting ; testy , and not at all the reforming officer that people suppose . He tolerates the Minie , but Brown Bess was his first affection . Sir George Brown ! says Routine , the officer who stands next to Sir John , and who is
distinguished at the Horso Guards for his fidelity to exact succession . Sir George is , as all the army boars witness , a fighting General . Fighting Generals abound , and there is no lack of " noble " Generals ; but , when did . over , a system like ours discover or create a fighting man of genius , except by accident or mistake P And then , excepting always by accident or mistake , it suppressed him . Wellington was an accident , and Charles James
womanly messages which ever Tp . nt' the graces oi affection to royal authority , and borrowed for the loving words of womanhood the majesty and authority of an imperial utterance . In the message the Queen desires that Mrs . Herbert would let her see frequently the accounts she receives from Miss Nightingale or Mrs . Bracebridge of the wounded , and to convey to" these poor noble wounded and sick men" the assurance that " one takes a warmer interest , or feels more for their su fferings , or admires their courage and heroism more than their Queen . " ~
Napier a mistake . Let us attack the system , and spare the brave . In the mean while , in default of officers , the most distinguished person on that field is no other than Queen Victoria . She appears in that quarter as the author of a letter to Mr . Sidney Herbert conveying to the wounded soldiers in the hospitals , through Mr . Sidney Herbert and Miss Nightingale , _ one ofjjiemost charming , unaffected , and
We have before us now the elements for estimating the financial and commercial progress of the country during the past year , and the data , so far a 3 human data can serve , for calculating future prospects . Upon the whole , we must regard the survey as satisfactory . We have a revenue increasing notwithstanding the augmentation of taxes—the l'eturns showing about 1 , 100 , 0007 . more on the quarter , and two millions more on the year over returns for the same time of 1853 . Trade has not fallen off materially .
There is no doubt a great decrease in the trade of the month of November , as compared with that of 1853 , to the extent of 1 , 900 , 000 / . ; but taking the whole , although we have still to admit a decrease on the eleven months in the report of 1854 , we find that there is still an increase over 1853 of 13 , 700 , 000 / ., arid' that the total exports for the eleven months amount to 79 , 000 , 000 / . —really mi immense trade in which a decrease of two per cent , is really not worth talking about . Tho causes
arc , in the first but to tho least oxtont , the war ; more practically , tho ovcr-spcculution in tho United States and in Australia , and the corresponding over-speculation in Liverpool . Tho war xx- ^ p has not really interrupted tiwlo half so much as ,. ' i V •¦/ ^ , r , people expected . If it l » as , for example , to sbifrc < $ g fey ;/ ^ V " extent cut off tho supply of Baltic wood ; tha ^ o M Vvg - ^ has been even an over-trading in American wood , £ _• ^ . ' ^ V ^ ; If tallow rims short , many improvements in th > Z'i ^ J , * . \ \ •;;* -, ) '¦¦¦ country have ' substitutcd ' palm oil , lard , and otlyjr & % Z ^ "fr \( ' J , things for tallow ; and tho demand for that im * *' £ * ^ K-.-tj ± ' il ~ J ^ VCfif ^ V ^
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 6, 1855, page 1, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/cld_06011855/page/1/