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are compelled to resort to a campaign , we must wait till the commencement of the dry season in October . ^ In some quarters an accommodation was not yet con sidered impossible . Lord Dalhousie hoped that the Burmese might be forced to terms by a strict blockade of their river . Such a . result is not considered probable , as the Burmese have always shown themselves to be insensible to all commercial considerations . By the latest
accounts , dated the 25 th of January , the old town of Kangoon had been burnt and razed to the ground by order of the Governor , and its materials employed in erecting stockades , and strengthening the fortifications of the new town , which is situated a' mile and a half inland from the old one , and is , consequently , out of the reach of the frigate ' s guns . The trade of Rangoon has always been in the hands of a motley foreign population , who have thus lost much property in unfinished ships , stores of timber , and merchandise .
Large quantities of timber , much of it half burnt , were seen floating down past the British vessels at the mouth of the river , and in some instances it was' recognised by parties to whom it had belonged . Fresh claims to compensation have consequently arisen , and , as money is what the Burmese have least ability and inclination to part with , it follows that they have an additional motive to hazard a war . Large numbers of Burmese troops are said to have reached Rangoon from the upper provinces , but food for them was said to be growing scarce . - *
PROGRESS OF ASSOCIATION . THE MASTERS' STKIKE . A letter having appeared in the Times of Monday , from Mr . Sidney Smith , the Secretary of the Association of Employers of Operative Engineers , which contained a statement to the effect that 9034 men of all branches of the trade , including 1311 labourers , had signed the master's " declaration , " and gone to work j the Executive Council of the Amalgamated Society of
Engineers sent an answer to the same journal , which appeared on Wednesday . The letter is signed , as usual , by J . Musto , President , and W . Allan , Secretary , on behalf of the Executive Council , and they maintain that Mr . Sidney Smith has grossly exaggerated the number . They give a list of the London manufactories , with the number of persons working in each of them , at those branches of trade recognised by the Amalgamated Society , which amounts to 366 .
In addition to this number , there are 51 moulders in the whole of the London manufactories . In Manchester there are a less number than in London j and in Oldham , out of ajjout 600 skilled workmen turned out of employment , there are not more than 20 men who have signed the declaration and taken their places . " Good men , " they add , " will never sign a declaration so subversive of true independence as the employers ' declaration is ; and therefore no settlement can take place while'it remains a condition for resuming work . "
Among the evidences of the confusion introduced into the Engineer trade by the obstinacy of tho masters , is an advertisement in our number for this day , which announces that Mr . W . Barnes , a working Engineer , is doing work on his own account . Capitalists have immense opportunities in their favour ; but if they persist in teaching the consumer to deal directly with the producer , and teach tho workmen to rely on themselves , or to associate their labour , they may find that measures of coercion recoil on those who devise them .
The agency of tho capitalist has its advantages , but so has direct dealing .
BIBMTNGHAM STKIKE . Mb . Sci ? olefielt > , M . P ., in a letter , has urged tho propriety of an immediate arbitration , and expresses his belief that there would bo no difficulty in finding gentlemen whoso high , honour and general character would bo a guarantee to all parties for an intelligent and honest decision . Tho quarrel unquestionably threatens to inflict groat injury upon this branch of trade , bo peculiarly identified with tho name of Birmingham , and it is highly dosirablo that it should ho terminated . Tho operativo gunmakora of tho town and neighbourhood have for many years suffered greatly from tho eaprico of tho Board of Ordnance , and more especially under tho last contract , thoy wore wretchedly romunorated for thoir work . A numerous of
mooting of tho gun-Btockors and finishers Birmingham assembled at tho Odd Follows-hall to moot tho contractors for the supply of tho 18 , 000 riflo-muaketB required by tho Board of Ordnanco ,. with tho view , if possible , of " Bottling their differences m to prices . A long discussion onsuod , in tho course of-which tho masters undertook , if tho mon would execute tho work at tho prices paid for tho last now lino muskot , to become liablo for all risk and loss consequent upon tho sig ht and other improvements of the now rifle , oxcopt when diimago was done by nogligonco . After throo hours spont in argument tho masters retired and ovontually tho men resolved unaminously , " That any deviation from the prices wliich thoy had given in on January 10 , 1862 , tho same being sanctioned by tho Board of Ordnanco in 1844 , would bo injurious to them oa workmen , and unjust to those masters who accepted thoir
circular as a pledge that their demands would be neither greater nor smaller , and , upon the faith of which those masters had rendered for the present contracts . They could not , therefore , accede to the proposals now made by the contractors . " It is clear , after this dcteruunation that the contractors cannot obtain the execution of the orders in Birmingham without coming to the terms required by the men . The contractors , it la said , have received the materials from the Tower , arid the work must ^ be immediately executed , or the materials returned . The masters , it is understood , decline an arbitration .
CENTBAL CO-OPEBATITE AGENCY . Weekly Report , March 9 th toMarch 15 th , 1852 . The Agency transacted business with the following Stores : —Leeds , Ullesthorpe , Booking , Norwich , Halifax , Banbury , Bannockburn , Braintree , Middlefboro ' , Padiham , Selkirk , Burnley , Glasgow , Birmingham , Portsea , Woolwich , Derby , Hawick , &c . &c . We hear that several conferences are about to " take place in the provinces ; the attendance of every existing Store at such a meeting as this , through well-qualified delegates , is of great importance , as the great advancement which the Stores have to promote—viz ., the-realization of cooperation , as the hew organic principle to be introduced in industry , will be completely frustrated if the operation of the Stores are not combined through
common centres . " SOCIALISM IN COTTBT . " Vice Chakcem . or Txjeneb , on Saturday , March the 6 th , heard a case argued which turned on the validity of a clause of the will of Joseph Russell , of Shirley-street ^ near Birmingham , by which he left his executors , William Jackson and Thomas Aston Jackson , his residuary legatees . The plaintiff , Eussell by name , and next of kin to the deceased Joseph Russell , declared in the bill _ which was filed at the commencement of the suit , that this residuary gift was not really made for the benefit of the defendants , but was a secret trust for the purpose of founding a school to
teach the doctrines and principles of socialism . Mr . Speed , for the next of kin , read some communications of the deceased Joseph Russell to his solicitor , in directing him to prepare his will in order to prove his desire to found a Socialist school . There was also evidence that he had attended Socialist meetings , and had sometimes acted as chairman . One of the witnesses declared himself well acquainted with the doctrines of the Socialists , as propounded by Robert Owen ; and that they intended to abolish religion , marriage , law , police , and government . In corroboeration of these statements , the witness produced . some of Robert Owen ' s works . Mr . Walker and Mr . Kirkman pursued similar arguments on behalf of other persons interested in setting aside the disposition made by the will . Sir W . Page Wood and Mr . W . M . James , for the Attorney General , claimed tho deceased Josep h Russell's
personal property for charitable purposes , it the will were aside . Mr . Rolt and Mr . White , for the defendants , denied that there was any evidence of a trust for socialism . The testator and the defendants were all members of the Church of England . The late Mr . Bussell might have had some sympathies with Socialism , but what the real meaning of Socialism was certainly did not appear from the evidence . On the 9 th of March tho cose was brought to a conclusion , Mr . Speed being heard in reply . The Vice Chancellor was of opinion tliat the secret trust had boon established by the evidence , and was therefore an attempt to evade tho law of mortmain . He made the declaration prayed by the next of kin , as to tho gift of his freehold ancl leasehold property . As to tho personal property , there must bo an inquiry as to the nature and tendency of Socialism , and a receiver must be appointed for the present .
A HEARTLESS POETASTER . At the York Assizes , on Saturday last , before Mr . Baron Alderson , a case of breach of promise of marriage was tried , in which the " base man" conveyed his written promises in rhyme . Miss Lucas , the plaintiff , was described by her counsel as a young lady of groat personal attractions , carrying on a " genteel" business as a milliner , at Lockwood , near Huddersfield , and residing with her mother , tho widow of a house painter . William Blakey , tho defendant , is a cloth finisher , at Huddersficld , and had been paying his addresses to Miss Lucas since 1849 . He frequently declared that ho was sincerely attached , and desired " not a slave ,
but n companion . " Ho asked tho mother ' s consent , who fronkly told him that her daughter had no fortuno ; to which ho replied that he was not in quest of a fortune , and in proof of it he declared that ho had frequently declined tho opportunity of marrying young ladies with largo fortunes . Ho continued to pay attentions until November , 1851 , when ho married n . Miss Listor , but did not disclose the fact till further concealment became impossible . During their intimacy u correspondence had been carried on between " tho parties . " Tho first letter which Mr . Blakey wrote boars date tho 15 th Juno , 1849 , and began , — " Dearest Hannah , —You will think I have forgotten you altogether , but I do assure you I have not , for , with the poet , 1 can truly oxelaim ,
" ' Absenco makes tho heart grow fonder . In another letter , ho wrote , " Never is tho sign of an Inn more welcome to a weary traveller , than your
letter , which I received on Sunday last , was to me As I traced its characters I could almost imagine that I heard your sweet voice repeating the words it con tained , the sound of which still echoes in my ears like distant music . " This was av specimen of Mr . Blakey's prosaic style but he afterwards found that he could riot rise to the * full height of his amorous feelings , except upon the wings of poetry-. He , therefore , addressed the plaintiff in the acrostic style , the first letter of each line forming , when put together , his own Christian and surname ^ - ^ - " When wilt thou return my love , Innocent as a turtle dove , tike the lambkin , full of play , Lightly skipping on the way ; In the groves , where warblers sing All harmonious to the spring , May we join the joyful ring . " Black as winter would all be , Lost and irksome , without thee , All confused by love ' s alarms , Kindest , come into my arms , Ever more I would bo'thine ; Yes , my love , and onl y thine . " After this , Mr . Blafcey returned , for a few letters , to prose , but subsequently again made an attempt at the sublime , in verse , and , as in tne former case , forming an acrostic of his own name : — «' Wilt thou , my dearest ^ be so kind , In love to ease my tortured mind ? Lest by delays , my reason fly , Love longs its object to enjoy , In thee is centered all my care , And all my joys , thou charming fair , Must I be left to black despair , ? " Blest is she , whose beauty fair , Links with such charms as virtue rare . ^—¦— All I want is , may I be Kindly loved , fair one , by thee , Else hie ' s a blank , ' I do declare , Yes , I must love thee , charming fair . " Since her desertion , Miss Lucas had been in delicate health . Mrs . Lucas * the mother , was the only witness examined , and the letters having been put in and read , Sergeant Wilkins addressed the jury for Mr . Blakey . He admitted that there must be a verdict for the plaintiff , but what were the circumstances ? Why , the defendant , at twenty-twa years of age , was proved to have fallen over head and ears in love at the first moment , and he would say to the young ladies in courtsnever give heed to young men who express themselves in poetry . The defendant had done wrong , but what had the young lady lost ? For that was the questiou . She had lost a silly young man , who , instead of telling her in plain termfe that he loved her , broke out in a rhapsody— "My lady fair , I do declare , Your grace . and air Are beyond compare . " Let the jury , then , judge of the extent of the loss she had sustained , and give such damages as twelve honest men ought to give . The jury gave a verdict for the plaintiff , damages 45 J .
PIRACY ON BOARD ENGLISH SHIPS . On Wednesday advices were received at Lloyd ' s , giving the details of the massacre of the commanders ana portions of the crews pf the British ships Victory' ol London , and Herald of Leith , The Victory was the property of Messrs . Cook and Wilson , of Dockhead , Bennondsey , a barque of 579 tons burden , and commanded by Mr . William Lennox Mullens , and having sailed to some Chinese port was then chartered to concoolies to CallaoOn the 6 th of December fcho
vey . sailed from Cumsingmoon with three hundred cooma and a general cargo . On the afternoon of the iuw , between three and four o ' clock , the coolies made a rusn into tho cal ) in , seized the ship ' s arms , and tho « W «* then commenced . Mr . Mullens was then walking < > the poop , and a party of the coolies at once went secure him . A sailor named Henry Watt ¦ " ^ JS . to protect him , but was immediately killed , body thrown overboard . Mr . Mullens got up mro mizen ri but followed closely by ft * £
gging , being « armed with a cutlass , ho slipped down one ot ™ ° / ^ stays on deck , and was cut to pieces by the mIU " tbo savages . The second mate , James Arnnso , a cook , Edward : Bailey , were next murdered , an i ^ ringleaders of the coolies then , believing that w ! , j ^_ overcome nil probable resistance , beckoned to m . ^ liain Fugg , tho chief mato , who had tolcon ™ V » l tho forotopsuil-ynrd , to come down . Ho urn *> ^ ho was then led ' to tho wheel , and by % »» « irc j . f he stoor for tho land , on pain of being put to ucjii « disobeyed . After cruising about tho const or China for some days , tho coolies having chosci they thought would bo a convenient Pac 0 " , wcnfc ordered the eliip to bo brought to an an ** * * " t of aehore , carrying off with them ft considerate p
27 a j H Ei IiEABER , CS ^ ijRpAty
Leader (1850-1860), March 20, 1852, page 270, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1927/page/10/