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Hatcby Ingus took occasion to reiterate his opinion that the education of the people ought to be entirely lef t to the Established Church . Mr . W . J . Fox admitted that if the object were to afford religious education by the state , it should be in the religion of the state i but he objected to any compulsory rate for the purpose of" teaching religion . After some further discussion , Mr . Bbothebton consented to adopt the amendment , and postponed the bill for a month . Mr . Tctfnell obtained leave to bring in a bill to abolish property qualification for members of parliament , and the house adjourned .
Thursday ' s proceedings in both Houses were of a miscellaneous kind . In both , questions were put to Ministers respecting the ill-treatment of a British officer of the Firebrand , off Leghorn . It was stated by Lord Maimesbttry that a petty officer had leave to go on shore , and while there , in uniform , haying quarrelled with , a policeman , he had been seized , rudely treated , and thrown into prison . Mr . Scarlett had interfered , and the head of the Tuscan
police had been imprisoned for eight days as an atonement for the outrage . In reply to an extempore question from Lord PalmerstOn , as to what had been done in Mr . Mather ' s case , the Chancellor of the Excheqttee said all he could say was that reparation had been insisted on by the Government ; and being pressed by Lord John Russell to state with what result , Mr . Diseaexi turned sharply upon him , and said it would have been more satisfactory had the noble lord given notice of his question .
Af ter an announcement by Lord Derby , in reply to Lord Ellenborough , that he did not intend to encourage in any way the formation of volunteer rifle clubs , Lord Shaftesbury moved that an address be presented to the Queen , praying for the establishment of a state asylum for criminal lunatics . " He made a long speech in support of his motion , dwelling much on the improved method of treating lunacy , and arguing for a separation of " criminal lunatics" from those who were not criminal . Lord Derby objected to ^ he phrase criminal lunatic . If a man was a lunatic no act could make him a criminal ; and he objected to the motion chiefly on the ground of the expense it would be to the country . Ultimately the motion was withdrawn .
In the Commons a " count out" put an end to the sitting at an early hour . The chief matter discussed was a motion made by Mr . John Reynolds for a committee to inquire into the losses sustained by the depositors of the Cuffe-street Savings Bank , and praying for compensation . The Chancellor of the Exchequer met the question by a direct refusal , but signified that the whole subject of savings banks was being reviewed by the Government , with the view of placing them on a satisfactory footing . Several Irish members advised Mr . Reynolds to withdraw his motion , but he persevered , and on dividing the House he was beaten by 169 to 40 . Mr . Slaney obtained leave to bring in a bill to legalize the formation of industrial and provident
partnerships . The measure did not touch the existing law of liability , but simply extended the provisions of the Friendly Society ' s Act of th 3 13 th and 14 th Victoria , to parties among the working classes who joined together in partnership , so far as to enable them to vest their property in the hands of directors of their own choosing , and to appoint a tribunal for deciding disputes among themselves . There was now a very thin House , and attempt was made to count out , which failed ; however , a little later , the manoeuvre was successfully practised in the middle of a debate between Mr . Hume and Mr . Henry Drummond , on the wornout topic of Sir James Brooke and hig ^ povcrnreient of Borneo : and the House adjourned .
ELECTION MATTERS . Mr . R . A Christopher , the now Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster , was re-elected for North Lincolnshire on Saturday last , af ter a nominal opposition , which , however , served as a demonstration in favour of free trade . The proceedings took place in one of the assize courts in the Castlo at Lincoln . Mr . T . G . Corbott proposed , and Sir Charles Anderson seconded Iris nomination . Mr . John Norton rose to address the meeting , when tho shoriff had inquired whether there was any othor candidate"to bo proposed , and was
received with loud cheering ' , but objection was taken to his right to apeak , as , although a freeholder of tho county , ho was not on tho register . Mr . C . Scoloy , who is a candidate for tho borough of Lincoln at tho noxt election , said that ho would put tho questions to Mr . Christopher which Mr . Norton would have done ; and ho would go further than that , and propose a candidate in opposition to Mr . Chrifltophor—ono whoso namo would go down the pages of history as possessing tho moat brilliant mind of any man of his ago—tho Right Hon . Thomas Babington Mncaulay . ( Loud choere . ) Mr . Cooley , a builder , seconded tho
nomination of Mr . Macaulay . Mr . Wilkinson , merchant , proposed Mr . John Norton as a candidate . Mr . Wilson seconded the nomination . On a show of hands being taken , more than two-thirds of the people in the court , which had become crammed , held up their hands for Mr . Norton , and the sheriff declared , amid vociferous cheering , that the choice had fallen upon that gentleman . Mr . Norton ( who is at the head of a large drapery firm . in the city of Lincoln ) then addressed the electors in favour of free trade , and predicted that not only would the present government not be in power three months , but that Mr . Christopher himself ,
who was the " pilot balloon" for Sir R : Peel , would probably be the pilot balloon for the final abandonment of protection by the Earl of Derby ' s cabinet . Mr . Christopher was received with cheers , mingled with groans * He declared that if , after an appeal to the country by the Earl of Derby , the majority of the next House of Commons should be against a return to protection , he thought the agitation on the subject should be for ever abandoned . Mr . Norton then withdrew , and Mr . Christopher was declared to be elected . Three cheers for free trade , three cheers for Cobden , and three groans for protection , finished the proceedings .
The activity of preparation for the expected general election still continues . Sir George Grey ' s constituents in Newcastle , and throughout the northern division of Northumberland , have received a circular from the late Home Secretary , in which he intimates his intention of again asking for their suffrages and support ^ . Mr . G . F . Young , who was pledged to come forward for Cambridgeshire , has been released from his promise , as he represented to his supporters that it was of greater importance that he should return to Scarborough , in order to keep out LordLondesborough ' s free ^ trade candidate . The name of Mr . Adeane has been substituted for that of Mr . Young , as the " Protestant and Protectionist " candidate , in conjunction with Mr . E . T . Yorke and Lord George Manners .
An idea being common among some of . the electors of the borougbr of St . Albans , that the measure of disfranchisement will not be carried before the dissolution of Parliament ^ a kind of private meeting of the principal movers in electioneering matters in the town took place on Wednesday week , with a view of securing the return of Mr . Jacob Belly in the event of a general election . The Hon . Robert Grimston , brother to the Earl of Verulam , is named as likely to be the second candidate who will be brought forward .
Mr . Forbes Mackenzie has consented to stand for Liverpool , on the Conservative interest , in conjunction with a merchant connected with the port , Mr . Charles Turner . It is not expected that the opposition will be sufficiently strong to throw out the present members , Mr . Cardwell and Sir Thomas Birch , both of whom possess the confidence of a large portion of the electors . The Banner of Ulster says , " If the defeat of Lord
Naas for Kildare were the result of his conduct in the Birch and Clarendon case , wo should regret it ; but far highe r considerations , we fool confident , decided this important issue . We have heard sinister rumours in regard to the noble lord ' s negotiations for . a certain northern borough , ^ Coleraino ] and we intend to watch the proceedings of parties , who will understand from this alliance that wo Jtfnow perfectly well what they are about . " - *
Mr . Vincent Scully has gained the support of some very energetic if not very judicious patrons . The parliamentary committee of tho " Catholic Defence Association" have issued the following manifesto in his favour for tho guidance of tho Roman Catholic electors of the county of Cork : •—" Wo rejoice that through tho honourable and patriotic retirement of Mr . McCarthy , who has withdrawn Jiis own claim rather than risk any division of tho Catholic interest , your path lies opon to ropeat in Cork tho victory gained by tho men of Kildaro .
" 1 . Mr . Scully is tho son of that patriotio Irish Catholic , Dennis Scully , author of tho Statement of the Penal Laws . « r " 2 . Ho is a Catholic of '" Irish Brigade politics . ' " 8 . Ho is opposed to tho Godless colleges . " 4 i : Ho in for tho total abolition of tho titho rent-charge . " 5 . Ho is for tho liberal adjustment of tho law of landlord and tenant . " 6 . Ho is a thorough Bupporkor of tho glorious principles of' civil and religious liberty . ' " 7 . Ho is for . tho total and immodiato repeal of tho infamous ' Ecclesiastical Titles Act /
" 1 . Mr . Frowon is tho avowed supportoe of Lord Derby ' s ' Nopoporv' government , and of tho infamous ' Ecclesiastical Titles Act . ' " 2 . Ho has boon introduced into your great Catholic county by Lord Bernard , tho living representative of tho intoloranfc inscription on tho bridge of Bandon : — ' Turk , Jew , or Athoiet , May ontor hero , But not a , Papist / "' 8 . Ho has no connexion with your groat county , except as tho relation of 0 . II . Frozen , the 'No Popory ' member for tho county of Sussex .
We have received the following letter from Mr George Smith , secretary to the Ship Locality , Whitechapel : — - - March 17 th , 1852 " SiBj-Yon will greatly oblige the members of the Ship Locality by inserting the following resolution in your paper : — -It was unanimously agreed to , that in the opinion of this locality , the extraordinary ability displayed by Mr . William Newton on every occasion
in the cause of our oppressed fellow men , but more especially , the dignified manner hi which he has recently advocated the rights of man against the tyranny of those called masters , cannot be too highly appreciated by the industrious classes of this country , believing Mr . Newton is pre-eminently entitled to a nation ' s gratitude ^ We hereby recommend to our brother electors and non-electors that gentleman as a fit and proper person , to represent the borough of the Tower Hamlets in the next parliament . " ¦ '
" The Catholic electors of Cork cannot hesitate between two such candidates . " Edwabd Pbeston , Chairman . " Henby Wm . WiMERroitcE , Sec . " Mr . Tennyson D'Eyncourt will stand again for Liunbeth . Mr . George Thompson offers to the electors of the Tower Hamlets another lease of ' his , services ; and it has been resolved , at a meeting of the Liberals of that borough * ' to put Mr . Ayrton up with him ; Sir William Molesworth will be opposed at Southwark by a former rival , Mr . Apsley Pellatt . Alderman Wire ' s name is mentioned in connexion both with Lambeth and Firisbury .
AUSTRALIA AND TRANSPORTATION . Sib John Pakington ' s troubles have fairly begun . In consequence of the rumoured departure of several ship-loads of convicts for Hobart Town > in violation of Lord Grey ' s promise that transportation to Van Diemen ' s Land should be abolished , a deputation of thirteen gentlemen , representing the four colonies of New South _ Wales , South Australia , Victoria and Van Diemen ' s Land ; headed by four members . of Parlia * ment well known for the interest they take in colonial matters , — Sir William Molesworth , Mr . Adderley , Mr . Ewart , and Mr . Chisholm Anstey , waited on the new Colonial Minister , at his office in Downing-street ,
on Wednesday . Sir William Molesworth observed ou the cause that had led them to seek this interview ,, referred to the particulars of Lord Grey ' s promise , and ! the discontent of all classes of the colonists at its nonfulfilment . He assured Sir John Pakington that th&-Australian colonies were on the eve of becoming potent states . If wisely and prudently governed , they would long retain their present feelings of attachment and loyalty to the British Empire ; but the continuance of transportation would soon destroy those feeling * . After some remarks from Mr . Ewart , Mr . Adderley
followed with an explanation of the universal excitement of the colonists on this subject , and their powerful organization by means of the " Australasian League . " He declared that further perseverance in the present course would prove abortive , would exasperate the Australian colonies , and lead to active resistance , similar to that which was successfully earned out at the Capo ; and he expressed his firm belief that if the Government suffered another such defeat as had
been sustained in that case , it would go far to destroy our colonial empire . No consideration could ho ot such importance as that this country should faithfully keep all her engagements . Mr . Anstey observed that the only reason for tho slight falling off of agitation . w Van Diemen ' s Land was from tho belief that theid * covery of gold in the adjacent colony of Port llm > P had rendered the continuance of transportation to tiure quarter utterly impossible , Mr . Michio , a Now Houtn Wales colonist of nine years * experience , explained tw » tho attendance that day of gentlemen connected , wi " nearly all the Australasian colonies was caused ^ by ««« fact that tho convicts carried to Van Diemens ^«» w colonies
would soon bo dispersed throughout the other . Van Diemon ' s Land had become a conduit-pipe throuj , which felons were poured into the neig hbouring co nies . A largo admixture of convicts with the v numbors of people at work in the gold fields ot x South Wales and Port Philip would lead to »™ ™ bloody outrage that would disgrace the Englie" i throughout tho world . Mr . J . A . Jackson BliUl V the last mail from Van Dieinen ' a Land convoyeu intelligence , which corresponded with tho »« ws ^ Sydney , that nearly all tho election * wore favour to tho " Anti-transiwrttttioiiteta ; " tho » "' „ tll 0 Hobart Town , tho capital , heing no othor timw ^ Proflident and Treasurer of tho Australasian Loag Van DiQinon ' a Land . Some others of tho WjJV ,,, having made a few observations , Sir John I » » ^ replied . He sheltered himself under the pie * lWo had just acceded to office , that ho was not "JljV qi either for tUo policy or tl » e alleged brawn . ° *
% 66 t fit ;; ; ii ; E A ; iJ ; E " ; | :,., ;;; : : ; . ; ,.. /; ¦ ; :.. ; nts ^ t ^ . .
Leader (1850-1860), March 20, 1852, page 266, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1927/page/6/