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jf ,. PisjiabXI averred that ; he didnot regard the ^ ress with any feeling of malevolence or apprehension ; he witf bound , however ; to consider these questions ; not underp hilanthropic ^ or jK > ptuar aspects , but as a financier . With regard to the paper duty , he didnot dent its injurious incidents ¦; . but the same might be alleged against ^ other excise duties -but the paper duty was too productive to be abandojiedv "With" respect to the advertiseinent and statnp duties , especially the latter , thbnght they were subjects yrhich deserved the gravest consideration ; but , he repeated , ; he must consider them primarily with reference to the effect of their repeal upoii the general revenue . He reminded the House that there was a destermination on its part
not to impose new taxes ; that the two great sources of our indirect taxation had been attacked , and that a committee was how aaaMng ^ ar upon a principal source of pur direct taxation . G > n Friday , the 30 th , he w ould place before the House the real state of the finances of the country ^ and when Mr . Gibson and his friends were in [ possession of that statement it would iie bpen to thentio declare their views . Under these circ umstances the Hoiise should pause before it adopted h motion that would reduce the revenue nearly I , 500 j 000 £ ; and ho thought it was not asking too much to call upfoh it to permit him to make his financial statement without the incumbrance of such a vote .
These declarations gave an unexpected turn to the debate . ^ r . GoBDEN , and other friends , advised Mr . Mjeneb Gibson to adjourn the debate ^ He first endeavoured to obtain a more distinct pledge frona the Chancbm-O-b of the EiGHEQTTEE , that the subject should be practically taken into " consideration / ' but in vain ; and , eventually ; the ( debate was adjourned to the 12 th of May .
OpvEEWMESr * Nights , —In consideration of arrangements already : niade by pr ivate iieinbcra , Mr . pisiftAELl agreed , on Tuesday , not to take Mursdays for precedence of Gtorernment businessi until after tHe 29 th instant . OtJTEAGjES qts BiiiTisa StJBJEcrs ABRQAl > - ^ - ~ Ia reply to Lord DtrniEY Sivr ^ Tp xnr Taesday ,- Mr . '¦ piBjiAxiJ stated thai the mcarceratioh of l ; he chief of the ppUce , for eight days , at Leghorn , had not been accepteil by her Majesty ' s Governmentas sufficient reparation for the indignities offered to corporal Baggs ; but the affair is still the subject of correspondence . The case of Mr . Mather , also , is' still the subject of active communications .
ITuiTG-AitiAiT Refugees . —Moving , on Tuesday , for copies or extracts of correspondence between the British Government and ' foreignjgovernmenta on the subject of the Hungarian refugees at JELutayeh , Lord JDuni . ET Stttabt expressed regret at the intention of the Chancellor of the Exchequer to oppose the motion . Lord Palmebstokt supported the production of extracts , which ' ' would show the part taken by the British Government , and its effectual character . Mr . Disraeli had hesitated froni the desire not to disturb the friendly feeling that now exists , not only between the British and Austrian Governments , but between the Austrian and Turkish . But he deferred to Lord Polmeraton ' a wish , and to Lord Dudley Stuart ' s remark , that materials for Lord Palmerston ' s vindication ought not
to be withheld . Papers ordered . Ibisdc Fisheries . —On the second reading of Mr . Conolly ' s Irish Fisheries Bill—one to consolidate all existing acts—on Wednesday , Lord Naas objected to the bill for sweeping away the fixed Weir interests , and disregarding the virtual compact in the legislation of 1842 . Sir William Somebviilb counselled the withdrawal , but insisted on the necessity of some new legislation , the fish constantly decreasing under the existing acts ; The understanding was , that tho subject should be left an the hands of government . The St . AiLbans' Dispbanchisembnt Bill was read a second time in the Blouse of Lords on Thursday ; but the debate was Wholly devoid of interest . It was moved by the
Earl of Dbbbt , with a long account of the wellacnown practices in St . Albana , and a long appendix rotating , to the hopes of Alderman Carden that ho really should amend the Dorough . After a very slig ht discussion , the bill was read a second time without division . Following up some scattered remarks , Lord Bepesdaih moved that leave be given that counsel bo heard at the bar against the bill ; a motion opposed by Earl Gbet , the Earl of Dbuby , tho Duke of Abgtle , and tho Duko of Newcab * tn ; the Marquis of Clawbioabde also strongly consuringifc as a derogatory sham 5 whilo it was supported by kwd Oampbem . , Lord Monxeaglb , Lord Beaumont , and the Earl of Wiokxow . On a division , tho motion to hoar counsel was carried by 41 to 16 .
MINISTERIAL BANQUET AT GOLDSMITH'S HALL . A GitBAT bnhquei was given to Ministers on Saturday , tythd Wardens of tho Goldshiith's Company at thoir Mulj which glittered with a magnificent display of Ifold and , plate , ancient as well as modern . Aldormah Copeland , Prime Warden , presided . Among tho guests Jore tho Btirl of Derby , Mr . DisrnoH , Mr . Walpolo , Sir John Pitkington , arid several moro of tho Ministers ; also some of tho Judged , Several Menlbors of Parliament , « nd others , principally , wo beliovci , of Conservative politics : Tho toasts began with " Church and Queon . " Aftor the routine toasts came " The health of a brother WlOijtiUth , tfaj Bail of Derby / ' TU 6 Earl of i ) erby ,
with many compliments to the Prime Warden and tp the company for its munificence in charity , responded " as a brother goldsmith . " He expatiated oh certain new discoveries of the day , — - " QtJSSTLTEMES , —Among the strange variations and changes that have taken place , perhaps there are few which are calculated to produce so great an effect—few , certainly , hftveprbducea so great a feeling of astonishment and of wonder—as the recent discovery in various quarters of the world of that which we have heretofore " been accustomed to consider a " precious metal , " that which is the staple of the industry of our craft . Hitherto that metal has been considered to be confined to a very
limited quarter , capable of very small extension , and spread over a very small portion of the globe ; but suddenly , to the astonishment of the world , from various distant regions , at one and the same time , it is pouring in upon us with , a profusion that is astonishing all ranks and afi classes , the effect of which it is difficult to foresee , but of which it is not difficult to say that it must work strange and extraordinary revolutions in the system of society . ( Loud cries of " Hear . " ) But it is not only in regard to the discovery of gold that new mines appear to be opened to uS . Within a very short time , as with regard to gold ,
so there was ( as it turns out ) a popular delusion that the field of statesmen and of the political metal was almost as Hmited —( laughter)—it was supposed that the crop of Statesmen was one of very Kibited amount , for which , if you were disposed to search , you must dig in certain favoured localities , and Confine yourself to searching for them there . ( Laughter and cheering . ) I am happy to think , gentlemen , that , to some degree , I have been instrumental-in dispelling that illusion . ( Loud cheers . ) An unfortunate adventurer , as I was to consider myself —( a laueh ) --honoured with the commission from Her Majesty to do the best that he could for her service —( hear , hear )
—I have ventured boldly to open anew mine—( cheers )—and I am happy to say that in the opinion of competent judges , so far ad it has yet been worked , the ore that has been raised contains amdngit as large a proportion of sterling metal ; with as Uttle admixture of dross , as any that was ever drawn from the old and exclusive mines to which we were formerly confined . ( Loud cheers . ) " Gentlemen , to speak seriously , the Prime Warden has told you that he is convinced—and he has done us jtistice in saying so— -that w » come forward ; not as the advocates or supporters of any particular interest , but feeling deeply our reaponaibility to maintain and uphold all the great interests , of which it must be said that , if any
one suffers in this country , it cannot suffer without affecting more or less the rest . ( Hear . ) = We feel that it is our duty not to be the promoters of this or that class , but to be the protectors / and defenders and upholders of the whole —( cheers)—and by maintaining and encouraging the in dustry of the country- —by upholding and supporting those laws which are the best encouragement to that industry , because they secure to industry 01 every denomination the safe return for its successful exertion—by upholding in their integrity the institutions of the country , whether in church or in State —( cheers)—by maintaining inviolate the constitution , and upholding the religi ous liberties of this country , and the rights of the Protestant religion , from loud
whatever quarter they may be assailed—( cheering)—by such a course , neither at home nor abroad assaulting any , but neither at home nor abroad tolerating assault or insult on the part of any —( renewed cheering)—we feel sure that we shall best discharge those arduous duties which are cast upon us—( cheers)—that we shall best warrant the confidence that has been reposed in us by our gracious Sovereign—( cheers)—and best merit the Support and the confidence of that people over whose interests we are about to watch . ( Much cheering . ) And , gentlemen , whether our course be long or short , to recur again , for a single moment , to the metaphor that haa been uaed , — whether our course be long or short , it is our hope and trustand will bo our exertion , to secure that , when our
, career shall bo closed , the country shall have no right to regret having subjected us to this our first assay . ( Lord Derby sat down amid loud cheering from all parts of tho
hall . ) In toasting the Chancellor of the Exchequer , alluding 1 to these discoveries of precious metal , the Prime Warden showed a desire to elicit equal information respecting the budget . Mr . Disraeli purriod tho inquiry : — " Mr . Primo Warden and gontlomon , I feel tho groat advantage of a Finance Minister dining with tho Goldsmith ' s Company before an impending budget ( a laugh ) ; but I am suro you will agree with me tb . it in my position discretion is tho bettor part of valour ( laughter and cheers ) , and that you will not insist to-night upon any rovolationa with rogard to that important subject , which I am not surprised at this moment to find ongaging all your attention . " Ho , too , found historic compliments for tho groat
company"To dino with tho Goldsmiths , gontlomon , I assure you , is not a party question . ( Renewed laughtor and choors . ) But , boliovo mo , that fooling exists , not merely from thoir sense of tho graceful hospitality which within thoso beautiful walls they aro auro to oxporionco ; it is also becauflo in corporations of this kind , founded upon wealth , thoy also recogniso tho best embodiments of public liberty , booauHo in confederations like tho prosont thoy obsorvo two olmracof tho
torieticB , which thoy hope will long remain thoso English nation , as they fool tliat thoy aro two of tho boat securities for human happiness—proporty and frooaom . ( Ohoors . ) It ia with thoso feelings , gontlomon , bocauao , I aeauro you , tho members of tho House of Comment ) look to thoso groat companies in tho metropolis of tho country , and fool that at moments of omorgoncy , when publio liberty ia at etalco , and the fortunes of a groat ompiro aro in porjl , they can appeal with security to tho patriotism , tho courago , ana tho high fooling of bodioa of independent mon—it is from these conYiotiona that they have folfc it alwjiya ono of
the first duties to uphold corporations and bodies of men like the Goldsmiths and other gfeajb companies in the ^ city 6 T London—it is from these public feelings , as well as from the aympathy that at all times makes them , enjoy the festive / hour which calls them within these walls , that jbhey look forward to meetings like the present with pleasure and satisfaction . " The company began to break up about eleven o ' clock *
LORD DERBY'S CONFERENCE WITH THE SANITARY REFORMERS . A NtTMBEK of gentlemen , deputed by the Sanitary Reform Association , had an interview with Lord Derby on Wednesday . The party , headed by the Bishop of London , comprised the Rev . Dr . Cuinnring , the Rev , C . Hume , Mr . B . Bond Cabbell , M . P ., Mr . T . Abraham , Dr . W . H . Brown , Mr . Wm . Rogers , Mr . P . H . Holland , Mr . George Godwin , F . R . S ., Mr . W . . D . Bruce , F . S . A ., Mr . Louis Hume , Mr . John W . Smith , Dr . Gavin Milroy , Mr . C . F . J . Lord , Mr . Robert Fox , Mr . H . Roberts , F . S . A ., Mr . F . O . Ward , with the Rev . M . W . Lusifhan , M . A ., Mr . A . Barnett , M . B ., and Mr . R . "Walsh , honorary secretaries . Lord John Manners was with the Premier . The members of the
deputation were introduced by the Bishop of London > and they were received by Lord Derby with marked courtesy . Several of them then delivered the statements of their case , to the following effect : — - The Bishop of London said that he did not propose to trespass at any length upon his Lordship ' s time , as there were several gentlemen present who would lay before ^ him the different subjects to which the Metropolitan Sanitary Association desired the attention of the Government to be directed ; but he must be permitted especially to convey to his Lordship the deep anxiety he felt with reference to the delay that had occurred in carrying into effect the Metropolitan Interments Act . Connected as he was with
the metropolis , and representing , as on this subject he felt he did , the opinions of the clergy , he was desirous of urging upon the Government the imperative necessity of something being at once done to remedy the evils so fuUy admitted and loudly complained of . From the reports and minutes of correspondence Which had emanated from the Board pf Health , it appeared that the principal difficulty which prevented the Interments Act being carried into operation was , that that body not being of a perm anent character , capitalists were unwilling to advance money , considering the security insufficient ; so that though companies were willing to advance the necessary funds for carrying the act into execution a technical difficulty was discovered .
He would on this occasion , therefore , urge upon his Lordship to take immediate steps to put an end to the present system of intramural interments whicn reflected disgrace upon the metropolis . During the past year 40 , 000 _ bodies had been interred in the samp graveyards , which eight or ten years ago were found to be filled to overflowing . The public had long been expecting that a discontinuance should be put to a system which was not only dangerous to health , but opposed to all decency . He did , therefore , hope that her Majesty ' s Gov ernment would direct earnest and immediate attention to this most important subject . The Bishop then pointed out the present impure and insufficient state of tho water supply to the metropolia ,
and the exorbitant rates charged for such , an essential element of life , whilst it had been shown that it might be supp lied at a cost which would render to all a constant , unlimited aupply at 2 d . per house per week . Mr . LoBD obsorved that tho memorial now lying before him stated that tho death-rato of London was 25 per thousand per annum , or double the attainable minimum of mortality as established by the Rogiatmr-Goneral . That this needless rato of excossivo mortality implies a proportionate excess of disease , and a corresponding depression of tho public health . That this high rate of avoidable death boro directly on tho Nuisances Eemoval andDieease Prevention Act , which tho Association felt to require some alteration to rondor it permanent in its operation and the
effective in ita machinery , bo that measuro may oporato effectually against ordinary and domcatic , as well as against extraordinary or foreign pestilences . It is shown that tho direct cost of , and estimated money Iobs through , typhua fovor alono in tho motropolia amounted during the ycara 1843 to 1847 to 1 , 328 , 000 * ., or 265 , 600 ? . annually . This eum is oxclusivo of tho amounts contributed for tho purchase and maintenance of fovor hospitals . For , in 1848 , whon tho mortality from typhus had increased t o 3500 , tho direct cost and money loss was estimated at 440 , OOOZ , Mr . Lord specially drow attention to tho largo claas of E rovontiblo disooso which was still allowed to scourge tho olploss poor and infect society at largo , and ho quoted the following from tho llogistrar-Gonoral ' s remarks on the
sad mortality at Albion-terraco , Wandswortn ;—" Wo modicivl polioo hud interfered to disturb tho contents of Mr . Uiddlo ' a collars , and now , whon tho nineteen—masters , aervantH , pnronto , und children—who poriahod during tho late epidomio , at Albion-torrace , Wandflworth-road , rest in thoir graven , it apnoara to bo taken for granted that blame attaches to nobody , to nothing—neither to tho householders themselvesnor to tho guardians of tho district—nor to tho institutions of tho country . Such mean inanimate instruments of death can bo invostou with no dramatic in tores t J hut ilxing our oyos on
tho viotims , it is well worth considering whether substantially , it is not as muoh a part of tho sound polioy of tho country that livea like those in Albion-terrace should bo anvod , aathat tho murderers of a man in . Uonnondttoy should bo hanged . " Numoroua caaos woro daily coming under tho observation of medical mon which suggested similar reflections . Mr . Lord added that tho Association woro in earnest in tho expression of thoir opinion that to ono bod y or olasB of officers alono should bo committed tho execution of the Nuisances llomoval Act in each district , bo that the responsibility should bo real and not uppwent , a « » t present ,
^ KtvM * 0 5 ¦' ¦' . - . ¦¦ ¦ ¦ ¦¦• • .. - ' : ¦ $ $ ) &J . tEAPfcE ;¦ ' . :. _ . ¦ . ¦• , ; . ' . & 0
Leader (1850-1860), April 24, 1852, page 385, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1932/page/5/