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TTow our hearts should bleed for them ! how , m farnest purpose , and in sad compunction for the nast we should prepare for the day when their Kmntrymen will rise to free them , when Europe will a ^ ain be upheaved with a convulsion , from which ° no pretended non-intervention policy can . succeed in keeping our country entirely apart . "Let us rouse ourselves , and shake off this moral aloth , and make war to the indiffef entism which unto who is
is a danger and a disgrace us . He not for ' the nations is against them . We do not fear that we shall be neutral ; neutrality is impossible , it is a blind immoral dream ; but it throws us , at home and abroad , bound hand and foot into the power of those who will use our resources in the service of despotism , and leave us at last incapable even of defending the liberties which we have acquired for ourselves .
ANT 1-MAYNO 0 T 1 I AND ITS TKACJIIN < JS . That which is a crime committed in the name ol one nmn ' H religion becomes nn heroic act under another ' s—at leant in the estimate of that other . I he indecencies of the Christian , world are the Nolernnitiea of the Hindu . But wo need not
look so wide apart for this sort of identical discrepancy . The adherent of one faith denounces an act as a shocking violation of morals , and does the selfsame act himself as a vindication ol morals . According to the enemies of Maynooth , the students at that college are instructed to put a series of questions to persons at confession , most certainly suggesting ideas subversive of to
morality ; and a book has been publisned . exppse this practice . The indecencies of certain manuals in the course of Maynooth are matter of debate ; but there can be no question as to the gross indecency of the book that exposes them . It is possible , however , that it may be needful occasionally , for solemn purposes , to make statements that would not otherwise be tolerated without some such grave motive ; and if so , a book is a very proper vehicle , since it ^ can . be kept , upon the whole , in the hands for which it is intended . But what have the ultra-Protestant assailants of Maynooth and champions of morality done ? They denounce the unscrupulousness of the Romanists , but they have slight
scruples of their own . The newspaper is a questionable arena for such discussions , but the anti-Eomanist zealots do not even confine themselves to newspapers . It would be a flagrant outrage if they were personally to enter a strange household , and to address their foul controversy to the ears of the young daughters ; but there would be this safeguard in such a step , that conduct so flagrant would promote prompt expulsion . J-he course which they have selected is one not less outrageous , but infinitely more insidious . There is a weekly publication specially framed
for circulation in the English middle class , like Chambers s Miscellany , with miscellaneous essays and fictions , selected to attain such a circulation , by avoiding all that can tend to startle that class , and seeking all that is adapted to the tastes of the class ; and we believe that the publication in question , the Household Words , is very widely successful . It is edited by Mr . Charles Dickens . This is the publication selected by the anti-Komanists . Of course they had not the leave of the editor ; but handbill is
they did not wait for that . A printed incorporating some of the most odious suggestions of the book , and that handbill is inserted between the leaves of the Household Words . By that disposition it is the more sure to reach the hands of the youth of both sexes , who form , we conceive , no small proportion of the readers of the Household Words ; and thus a publication , singularly harmless , is made the vehicle for those very ideas which the circulators of the handbill declare to be poison .
The editor of the Household Words instantly and indignantly repudiated all connexion with the odious act ; of which , indeed , no one could for a moment have believed him guilty . It is among the most flagrant traits of the outrage that the circulators of the handbill have ^ not scrupled to invade his property with their filthy polemics . To adopt Achilli as an apostle , and to convert the Household Words into a sandwich of abomination , are the two most recent exp loits of the ultra-Protestant purists I
THE " STANDARD" CAIMHT KAVKSDRO 1 T 1 NO . TitEitR are various standards in use among us ; as the standards of gold and silver , of militiamen and . sherry , of weights and of measures , which are the standards of the country gentlemen , and the Standard of the confiding ' Derby itea , which we will not way is a low standard , for no one has
yet been able to appreciate its mean rapacity , even with the most delicate of instruments . It is , therefore clawed by natural philosophers among the animalcule of the political world . JJut as a very HTiiall bone in the hands of Professor Owen indicates to him the nature of the animal to which it belonged , so a very insignificant object becomes significant by its relation to other larger and inoro important things .
Lord Derby raises the miserable ' No Popery cry , and the ' Standard aids and abets him . All well and good , while that journal confines itn advocacy within the limits of inanlineBH , courtesy and honour . But the Standard finds those limits too narrow for the exercise of its peculiar functionH , ho it dosconds into the congenial , medium of the unmanly , the discourteous , and the nIwiik . ' - leHH . Tlio Times printed n just and manly
commentary on the upshot of the Achilli trial , uBinc strong language in reference to both judge and jury . The Standard , to whom as to others , it was open to reply in the same way , prefers to denounce the author of the article in the Times . Some adept in the arts of Venetian spies dropped a letter into the lion ' 3 head , in Bridge-street , containing the name of the alleged writer of this article ; and the editor of the Standard printed the name in full , an act which we are not going to imitate . -, -, i . Now this journalist is denounced because ne is presumed to be favourable to religious liberty for the Roman Catholics . This reason is avowed .
We , for our part , protest against this violation of a ' rule of honour understood among journalists . The Standard has placed itself in exactly the same position as the eaves-dropper and retailer of private conversations . We need do no more than gibbet the Standard as the Standard has tried to gibbet the independent journalist ; only , be it understood , we refrain from naming tne person who officiates in the character of editor ol that paper ; from a feeling of respect for our profession and ourselves .
WORN-OUT WORDS AND SYMBOLS IN POLITICAL CONTROVERSY . Wobds wear out like other instruments . The cultivation of the understanding , like the cultivation of the earth , is performed by certain machinery , which may be old or new—well or ill-adapted for the office . We plough up the intellectual soil and sow the seeds of knowledge by the aid of terms , just as in agriculture we accomplish similar operations by the aid of implements . In arts and sciences , leading ideas are conveyed by leading terms . As these terms perpetually recur , care has to be taken that they do not change in signification materially , because such change involves confusion . In the advocacy of special political or social principles there are , as in art and science , leading terms continually employed , upon which the right understanding of what is intended depends . Yet very little attention is paid to the variation of meaning which these words undergo . Sometimes a partyname acquires , in the course o f twelve m onths , a meaning entirely opposite to that which it at first had . Perhaps some indiscretion in speech , or folly in policy , is committed by a party bearing a particular name ; perhaps something is imputed to a society by an unscrupulous enemy , and reiterated by a credulous press , whereby the collective name acquires a new and detestable association of ideas . To continue to use
the name after t his has occurred , is to mislead the public , and to obscure the objects intended to be explained . When an accident of this kind happens , there is no help but to abandon the term , and choose a new one . There is commonly great opposition to this course , as there is to everything reasonable on the part of people more obstinate than wise . 1 roposo to change a party-name which has been distorted by accident or error , and many , more headstrong than wise , will set up an ill-considered demand for objects , « , „„„« and all . " This is considered to be honesty ,
whereas it is in fact practical dishonesty , lor whoever insists upon using a name with a new association misleads all who bear it , and causes the public to misiiultfe all who arc represented by it . This practice also diverts a . party from the . pursuit of its proper objects into n laborious attempt to re-educate the people into this right understanding of the old name with Uio new signification . A person wearing a new and becoming coat may pass us a respectable man , but it ho
will continue to appear in it after the elbows nro out , and the skirts torn oil " , this wearer ' s rank and integrity may remain the same , but the public will be sure to mistake him for a very dillerent person . It is of no use saying the public out / hi not to do ho—the pubhe will . < lo no it will judge by such general rules as it has inherited , and he who disregards 11 mm must take the eonsequeiurs . So it is with a party-name , it is the letter of recommendation to the looker-on . I he
association of ideas connected with that name determines the man who is a stranger to the truth of the
matter . If a term connotes , that is , rails up , notions of anarchy , spoliation , and outrage , the \ warvr is filled with these ideas—they constitute a Uii « k < -1 <» i < 1 through which he probably never penetrates to the real meaning behind . A more pernicious and irrelevant question never blinded the discretion of Reformers than " What ' s in u iwiiK !? " Thorn is nothing '" lllllll ( i ^ ilie reality be before yon . Hut if it bo not , there in confusion in the name , " unless it exactly indicate the thing intended . If the mum ; be the Hole medium by which the public me to bo informed of the bearings of nomo policy , or
Juw 17 , 18520 THE LEADER . 683
HOW TO ELECT GUARDIANS TO YOUR MIND . Let us tell some facts about the election of Poor-Law Guardians at Leeds . As we only mean to tell facts , without the slightest comment , the reader will be good enough to pay strict attention to the facts , and supply the comment for himself . The returning officer is the same person as the clerk to the Board ; it is he that engages the persons who distribute the voting-papers , and who collect them when filled up ; he makes up the returns . The same gentleman has filled both offices for the last seven years .
In March last there was the usual election , and voting-papers were distributed as iisual ; the proceedings of this election were the subject of an official investig ation by Mr . Farnall , the Poor-Law Inspector , within the last fortnight ; and from the proceedings at that enquiry we derive our principal facts . Some of the voters had had a sense of old suspicion , and had taken peculiar precautions . One ran his pen across the margin opposite the names of the candidates for whom he did not intend to vote , observing to the collector— " I have run my name across the
margin opposite the Tory names ; there can be no mistake now ; you cannot put my initials there . " When this voter ' s paper came before Mr . Inspector Farnall , the genuine initials had been erased ; and others , fabricated , had been placed opposite the Tory names ; at least , so the voter deposed . Another returned his votingpaper blank , declining to vote : initials were added . Another had voted , but his paper was rejected because his initials " did not look like G . R . " A fourth voted one way , but his paper Mas found amongst the opposing papers , and counted amongRt them . A fifth had filled up a paper , but totally repudiated the one produced as
his . A sixth inadvertently did not deliver his paper to the collector ; it was offered to the returning officer at his own office , but declined , as the collector could only call for it at the voter ' s own house . A seventh filled in his paper ; it was " ticked" by the collector as having been collected ; but was missing or " lost : " out of 131 to be delivered by ono collector there were 52 short ; and the collector could not explain it . All these aberrations told for the Tory candidates or against the Liberals . They arc ; specimens only of the facts collected during three ( lays .
" We are still without the close of the inquiry ; the legal adviser of the Tory party undertook , to bring forward recriminatory evidence , and had obtained several days' graces to get it up ; but the mass of testimony on the Liberal Hide seems to defy refutation ; and if both sides prove to have erred , the evidence against the system will only he doubly conclusive .
The reader will not be surprised to hear that the people of Leeds have long been dissatisfied with the plan of electing the : ( Guardians , and some time since they sent a memorial to the Poor-Law Commissioners asking for a change . Tin ; reply of the Commissioners was that no case had been made out . . Probably the Commissioners will now think that a awe has been made out ?
Leader (1850-1860), July 17, 1852, page 683, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1943/page/15/