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ng pistol , and taking advantage of the bushes edea in "wounding the two others . The cowfficer threw dqwn'his sword . I took him r , and marched him off to the right amongst jhes , and got up near our lines when I was weak from the loss t > f blood , when , seeing our men lying dead , ' i stooped down for his ottle . This cowardly , dog took this advanlatched his own sword out of my left hand , icted a slight wound on the fleshy part of my 3 never dreamt of another shot being in the rhieh was in him in less than a second . This ay dreadful work for that day , and I hope . »»
THE BALAKXAVA RAILWAY CORPS . second London detachment of the men en-> y Messrs . Peto and Betts to construct the from Balaklava to the trenches before and gjhts around Sebastopol left Blackwall on jr .- They go out in the fine new vessel the is , 800 tons , built in the Tjne by Messrs . U , and seemingly in every way admirably for this particular purpose , combining com-3 with great capacity . She carries her full 800 tons of rails , sleepers , and other materials , el for 12 days , but presents no appearance sr of being tfnduly laden ; and , should the be but moderately favourable , it is
anticitat she will reach Malta without stopping at ir to coal , and accomplish the entire voyage fclava in three weeks . She is commanded by Crookshank , an able and experienced officer , uainted with the seas he is about to navigate ; Thursday was followed by the Prince of nd the Earl of Durham—the former carrying the latter 50 navvies . The number now it by the Hesperus is 80 , nearly all young the prime of manhood , and presenting all ridences of stalwart strength and endurance n their class is proverbial . They are amply 1 with warm and durable clothing of the itable description ; and , apart from a little confusion and excitement consequent upon 3 t experience of a sphere so entirely new to
that of the deck ofSTSteamer , they appeared set possible spirits , and thoroughly satisfied ery thing that had been done for them . A . bwd assembled otirthe Brunswick Pier to their" departure . Shortly after two o ' clock were mustered , on the foredeck , in their new , to hear addresses from Captain S .- W . Air malQagifig ^^ iirector of the North of Europe Navigation Company , and Lord Henry Glin-? j with a party of gentlemen connected with " rprise , were on a platform amidships . Capidrews , to whose practised vigilance And ictivity so much of the efficiency of all the aents of this noble undertaking is due , adthe navvies in brief but homely and enerrras , which elicited hearty plaudits from his
rancis _ HeadJhas ^ addressed a letter to the Newcastle , referring * to 7 . therRailway Expe = n which he describes with what ease in muddy roads were rendered as solid as was i * I , , these miry , boggy lines , along which people : seen for months crawling like flies across a treacle , are suddenly , and I may almost say r , converted into a road as hard and as good as treet by the following simple process , which is dopted as soon as the feeble funds of the young u purchase the blessing : — nail gang of men with spades and rammers avel one end of the earth road .
ast as they proceed four or five rows of strong sleepers , which have been brought in the light of the country , are laid down longitudinally , ire feet asunder , and no sooner are they in posii from other waggons stout planks , touching sr , are transversely laid upon them . From a es of waggons a thin layer of sand or grit is pon the planks , which instantly assume the apof a more level M'Adam road than in practice be obtained , i this new-born road the waggons carrying the
planks , and sand , convey with perfect ease these criptions of materials for its continuance . The anccs literally about as fast as an old gouty n can walk , and as soon as it is completed there Bly exist a more striking contrast than between enscs of what it was and what it is . gons . of all descriptions and horses of all ages t , canter , and gallop over it with indescribable intil , coming to the point at which the funds of ettlement have been exhausted , at a single step ige from the last plank into the mass of mud escribed . "
CONTINENTAL NOTES . " Foreign Enlistment . —The Suabian Mercury states that in Spain , Holland , and Hamburg , depots for receiving volunteers for the Foreign Legion which England is about to raise , are being established under the direction of English officers . The old English roputation « for liberality is bravely maintained by the Suabian journal , which says , each volunteer is to receive 25 fr . on entering and 800 fr . when he shall have joined his regiment . He is also to receive " as much tea , liquor , &c , as he likes . " Elsewhere the case is altered . The Governor of the province of Posen announces that recruiting agents will be visited with from three months to three years imprisonment according to Prussian law . If the agents aro foreigners , they will bo conducted over the frontier after tho term- is expired .
The Peace of Italy . —Tho Kolnische Zeitung , under date Vienna 26 , containa tho following : —" The day before yesterday a separate convention wns denmtiveiy concluded between Austria and Franco , with reference to the maintenance of poaco in Italy . The exchange of tho ratifications will probably not be flayed long ; on the other hand , it is doubted that this treaty will bo mndo public . " Paris Universal Exhibition . — The demands for places in tho Parisian Crystal Palace . are so considerable that tlio committee sees no nosH . bihty of satisfying all tho claimants . There is scarcely a foreign , manufacturer of any imnort . moo who docs not . propose to figure at tho Kxhibliioii ; mid the main building and its appendages being deemed insufficient , an additional gallery is to be
INCIDENTS . Cardigan at Balaklava . —Corporal John l , of the 13 th Light Dragoons , thus describes iord Cardigan ' s life in the celebrated charge ight Brigade : —
" Just as I was unpriming one of the enemy ' s guns , and passing another , there were three pairs of horses in it , and there was one man mounted on the centre pair : he was in the act of dismounting when I gallopped past him and gave him a cut and a draw across the throat ; which I thought was the quickest way of getting rid . of him . I did .. npt ride many yards further before I saw ¦ put ; commander , " Lord Cardigan , very nearly thrust off his horse , and if it had not been for me , the old boy ' s life would not have been worth a row of pins . I saved him , for I directly saw a Russian had marked him , for he drew his lance and made at his lordship , but I was too expert for the rascal . I parried the well-meant stroke , and then he bolted , as if Old Nick was after him . " . New Siege Gun . — -The Liverpool Journal says : . " "We have seen the model of a gun , which , we believe , will supersede all others now in use . This gun is the invention of Mr . Williams , formerly of Everton , Liverpool , but now of Pembroke , and the contractor for executing the government works at Milford Haven . Mr . Williams ' s gun can be made either of wrought iron or cast steel , and of any size . The cost will not be great , the efficiency undoubted . But it has one most desirable advantage over all other guns . At Sebastopol siege guns were removed with great difficulty —in bad weather not at all . Mr . Williams ' s gun can be carried on men ' s shoulders ! It is made in pieces , which , pieces can be put together in a few minutes by a mere labourer , and when put together will be stronger than any gun cast or fabricated whole . The model will be laid before the Minister of War next week . English Governesses in Russia . —Private letters , says the Morning Chronicle , have been received from English governesses in Russia , which state that it has been intimated from high quarters that it is desirable for them to return immediately to the ^ r own ~ couhtry . The cause of this measure is said to 'be , that the Czar thinks that ,, as the war will reduce a great many wealthy persons to poverty , their daughters ought to find employment open to them . As most of the noble families are quite aware of what i' the -gentleman with mjld eyes" means by a hint , they have advised their governesses to take it—however unwilling to lose ; their services—while they have the opportunity of quitting in comfort , as by waiting - for an official order they might have to do it with inconvenient haste , or possibly not be permitted to leaveiat all , and be favoured with-an opportunity of . -verifying their geographical studies under disagreeable circumstances . ~~ — ¦ — Activity in the Armoury . —The proof-master arid other officials in the small arms' department , Tower , have been busily engaged in proving Minie jrifles , rifled carbines , and other firearms . The number sent in by the contractors since Saturday last by far exceeded any week ' s supply since the contract commenced , and has kept the men employed in the proof-house busy from seven o ' clock in the morning until eight o ' clock in the evening . Notwithstanding this large supply , there is an immense deficiency yet ^ td ^ blfmade ~ up Jby"tlfer cdntractorsr ~ The * Sappersand Miners now proceeding to the seat of war are armed with Mr . Lancaster ' s new carbine , capable of execution at 1000 yards . * Something , it is to be hoped , in Names . —On Sunday last , the wife of Private Hunter , of the Royal Sappers and Miners , presented to the military chaplain at Liverpool , for baptism , two children , of ' which she has recently been confined . When the minister asked the sponsor to " name the child , " the answer was " Inkerman ; " and when he took the second , asking the same question , the answer was " Alma . " The former was a boy , and the latter a girl , and their genuine military mother wished them to bear the names of the great battles which their father had witnessed on his march to Sebastopol . Colour Sergeant Davies . —This valuable warrior is meeting recognition . Messrs . Grutter and Co ., of Nienburg , write to tho Times as follows : — u Most esteemed sir , —Urged by the desire to prepare a small pleasure for a brave warrior in a just cause , and having no acquaintances in England , we took the liberty to-day to address to you , worthy sir , a box ( No . 625 ) of sparkling Moselle from our establishment , franco by the Bremen steamer , with the humble request that you will kindly undertake to see it forwarded to her Majesty ' Sergeant , Davies , before Sebastopol . Wo hope you will excuse the liberty wo have taken , and that you will accede to our request tho more willingly as you will thereby contribute to procure for the bravo soldier , in his almost superhuman endeavours , some jovial hours in the circle of his comrades . " Thb Qukkn ' s Hundred . —Such is tho title of a corps of a volunteer squadron of lancer cnvalry , which a gallant baronet near Banff proposes should be raised for the defence of the country . The force is to be composed of noblemen , merchants , bankers , and gentlemen of such independent fortune as may enable each to provide himself with uniform , horse , arms , nnd equipments at his own oxpendo . The headquarters of tho squadron to bo London , but
removable to the provinces as yeomanry cavalry . It is proposed to ask the Queen to allow the Prince of Wales to accept the office of colonel commandant . The gentleman who is its chief promoter is a gallant Highland proprietor , who was formerly a captain of the 17 th Lancers . "War Notes FRok California . ; —When the news reached San Francisco that the Allies , had -taken Sebastopol , a salute was fired from the British
and French war vessels lying in San Francisco Bay in honour of the event . One week after intelligence arrived that the announcement of the success of the Allies was a hoax , and that Sebas topol had not yet fallen before the besieging armies . It was then Mir . Kostromitinoff , the Russian consul ' s turn to show some signs of rejoicing , and accordingly he made preparations for giving an entertainment and firing a grand salute , which is thus noticed by the San Francisco Herald ; —
" A large orowd collected on Broadway and Pacific wharves yesterday , to witness the firing of the salute on board the Zenobia , in honour of the affair of Petropaulovski , and in joyful recognition of the fact that Sebastopol is not taken . At n © on precisely the Russian flag was run up and saluted with twenty-one guns , and seven were afterwards fired as a mark of respect to the Consul , M . Kostromitinoff , on his departure from the vessel . A collation was spread on board , a number of toasts were drunk , and the festivities passed off . with great eclat The Zenobia is an American ship , sailing under American colours , and commanded by an American captain . " The intelligence of the affair of Petropaulovski , says the same Californian journal , was received with joy by the American citizens in Honolulu . The sympathv among them is all on the side of Russia .
The Sultan Visiting the Duke of Cambridge . —The Journal de Constantinople of December 24 , says : — " On Friday last his Imperial Majesty the Sultan , accompanied by his ordinary suite , proceeded to the palace of the Embassy , to visit his Koyal Highness . The Sultan was received at the entrance of the palace by Lord Stratford de Kedcliffe and the whole personnel of the British Legation in full uniform , and by the -Duke of-Gambridge who waited at the head of the grand
staircase . Introduced into the chief saloon , the Sultan entered mojjLaffably into conversation with the Duke . After the interview , which lasted twenty minutes , and in which the . Sultan expressed to the Dulte his sentiments of friendship and sympathy for Queen "Victoria and the English people , and his" satisfaction at the improvement in the Duke ' s health , his Majesty then visited Lady Stratford , who , with her daughters , was in the ball-room , and conversed with them in the most friendly manner . "
Good News for the Highland Brigade . — Sir J . Maxwell , Bart ., of Pollok , pending the decision of Government with respect to his offer of a contribution of 500 tons of coal for the use of our brave fellow countrymen in the Crimea , has ordered , fifty tons to bejshipped by _ tlie Cicero , about to sail for Balaklava , to be placed at the disposal of Sir Colin Campbell , for the special behoof of the Highland Brigade . The Marquis of Breadalbane has forwarded four puncheons of fine Scotch whiskey for the use of the Highland Brigade in the Crimea . It is understood that this generous contribution is to be consigned to Sir Colin Campbell , the brave and esteemed chief of this gallant corps .
^ VABY 6 ^ 1855 ] THE LE ^ PE B . " 5
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 6, 1855, page 5, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2072/page/5/