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Thf . Earl of Ellesborocgh has addressed the Winchcomb Agricultural Association , at a dinner given by the Society after the distribution of prizes to -working men . His speech consisted chiefly of a vindication of this method of rewarding labourers who have conducted themselves with propriety . Mr . J . P . Mi'rrouch , M . P ., met his constituents at IJridport on Monday , to give them an account of his stewardship . On the subject of the war , he said he ¦ was not hopeful as to its results . The Government had trimmed between the Manchester doctrine of nonintervention and the " grand throw for European
liberty" which the nation desired to be made . He ridiculed the idea of Lord Palmerston ' s fitness for the Premiership , and , while admitting that he had some English qualities , showed , by a sketch of his public life , that he had repeatedly outraged the cause of freedom on the Continent . Lord John Russell was loudly denounced by Mr . Murrough , who considered Mr . Gladstone and Mr . Disraeli our two best men , but held that they hud been unfortunate in their associates . Mr . Murrough was well received ; and , after a speech from Mr . M'Mahon in favour of rousing the nationalities , and of general reform , the meeting separated .
Karl IimcE , on Wednesday , addressed the annual meeting of the Marlborough Agricultural Association , on which occasion he occupied the chair . Having alluded to the war , and defended the giving of prizes to working men , he passed to the subject of cottages for the humbler classes of agriculturists , and observed : — It was notorious that there was a large number of cottages on his father's ( Lord Ailcsbury ' s ) estate which were in a condition that he s-hould wish to sec altered ; but many gentlemen could tell them how difficult it was to interfere in such matters . For manv vcars past strict orders
had been given that no cottages should be built upon the estate which did not contain three bedrooms , in order that the proper distinction between the sexes might bo enforced ; for nothing was more likely to lead to demoralisation than an insufficiency of accommodation in sleeping apartments . Hut he must remind them that the fau ! t did not always rest with the landlord . Many cases occurred in which , when a sufficiency had been provided , some of the rooms were let oft' to lodgers , and tho inmates lived in the same condition as before . "
THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE AT LIVERPOOL . This Duko of Cambridge arrived at Liverpool on Tuesday . Tho town was gaily decorated , and the day was observed aa a holiday . His Koyal Highness having been received by the Mayor and other officials at the Town Hall , and listened to an address in which mention was made of the Duke's Crimean achievements , be was led through the town , and inspected the chief objects of interest . On Wednesday , his Koyal Highness was invited to a grand banquet at the Town Hall . After several toasta of tho usual order bad been drunk , the health ot the Royal Family , including the Duko of Cambridge , was proposed ; and the Duke , in tho course of Ins reply , observed : — " A great deal had been written upon tho whortcomingd and defects in our arrangements for the
comfort and efficiency of the army ; but the fault was hot so much in individuals as in the system , and still moir e in the state in which our establishments had been left by a forty years' peace . It might be said that the French had enjoyed a forty years' peace as well as ouirselves ; but it should be remembered that the breaking out of the war had found them much better prepared than ourselves . The French had for many years carried on war in Algeria , and their transport and commissariat departments were therefore in a state of efficiency . When the war broke out , we had no land transport corps at all , and no ambulance , and we landed in a country where no horses or forage could be procured . The commissariat was a department of the Treasury , and the officers arrived in the Crimea with little or no experience of the work they had to perform . They were willing to learn , anxious to do their duty , and desirous to receive suggestions . But , under all these circumstances , it was not to be wandered at that deficiencies manifested themselves which made every one impatient . Officers were impatient , men were impatient , and ( said his Royal Highness ) " I was impatient . " But he saw around him- many eminent merchants having establishments in every part of the globe ; and he would ask them whether a space of three , four , or five months would enable them to form those establishments and make those ramifications in every part of the globe which were essential to the success of their undertakings , and the harmony and efficiency of their action ? ( C'Aeers . ) Time must be given for establishing the necessary organisation , and our establishments were now fast attaiming an efficiency worthy of this great country . The lesson to be learnt from these events — and he trusted that it would not be forgotten after the peace — was , not to starve our establishments during a time of peace , or to maintain them in a low state of efficiency as if we thought that war was impossible . " The Duke expressed his opinion that a peace coneluded at the present time would not be safe or honourable , and said it was to his great regret that lie had been compelled , owing to the state of his health , to leave the Crimea . His health was now restored ,-and nothing would now give him greater pleasure than to return to the seat of war . With respect to army promotion , he stated his opinion that English soldiers " like to be commanded by gentlemen , and often feel irritated under the command of men of their own station . " Thanking the Mayor and inhabitants of Liverpool for the brilliant reception they bad given him , his Koyal Highness resumed his seat amidst leud cheers . Iu acknowledging the toast of the army , Sir Harry Smith made some remarks with reference to the late attack on the Redan . He said there had been much misapprehension with respect to it . In attacking a fortified place , the assault is usually made in several places at once , in order to distract the attention and divide the forces of the besieged , and it is not expected that all shall succeed . Wellington attacked Badajoz at four points , and his two crack regiments failed at the breaches made by the cannon ; but the assault succeeded at other points , and no one calumniated the crack regiments for their repulse . The Earl of Derby acknowledged the toast of " The House of Peers , " and briefly vindicated the importance of that institution , and his own recommendation of the three peers created during his administration—viz ., Lord Stratford de Redcliffe , Lord St . Leonards , and the late Lord Raglan . After a few more short speeches , of an unimportant character , the company repaired to the drawingroom , whore dancing was kept up to a late hour . The town was brilliantly illuminated , and the streets were crowded . On the following morning , the Duke inspected the river , the shipping , and the docks , and in the evening attended a concert at St . George ' s Hall . A great deal of indignation has been excited in the press on account of a reporter from the Times being admitted at the Town Hall Banquet , while the representatives of other papers were excluded .
CONTINENTAL NjOTES . Mosey Difficulties in Fkanck . — The progressive decline in almost all public securities , and the serious fall that has taken place in the Rente , have led to considerable anxiety , and it may almost bo said that a panic exists at this present moment on tho other sido of tho Channel . On this subject , the Paris Correspondent of tho ' J'imes remarks : — " Persons "who have a good deal of experience in financial affairs , and who have studied attenattribute
tively the nature and causes of these fluctuations , tho progressive and considerable decline , which has now existed for three weeks , not to ono but to a variety of causes . They aro not of opinion that tho deficiency of tho harvest is alone sufficient to produce such a depreciation in all securities ; for , while admitting thatdeficiency oven to the amount of 10 , 000 , 000 of hectolitres a shn of 300 , 000 , 000 f . would cover it , and the doprecm . on in the Rente and iu r *^ * ^^ ^ £ 22 ETXKi £ «« nocounrand Vhich has been effected by
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stepped forward and said to the men , 'My friends , yen havelearned tolabour ; you have a right to rest ; but leave these lads ; let them learn now , and when their turn comes they may rest as you do . ' The men gave way the youths marched home , and Mettray was saved —saved , as I believe , by our habit of military discipline . " Mr . Commissioner Hill , Mr . Miles , M . P ., and others , tendered their personal acknowledgments to M . de Metz , and the meeting separated . TUB IIINCHFORD CONSERVATIVE CLUB . This society , which combines the discussion of politics with the distribution of rewards to labourers , celebrated its annual meeting on Friday week at Castle Hedingbam . The chief speech of the evening was that of the Rev . Mr . Cox , who favoured his auditory with a statement of bis opinions on public affairs as viewed from a Conservative point- The breaking up of party he conceived to have been the ruin of the country . The late Sir Robert Peel he looked upon as a traitor , and summed up his character in the following imaginary inscription on his monument : — ' * To the memory of Sir Robert Peel , who forfeited his principles , betrayed his friends , and destroyed his party ; and , to perpetuate these great events , this monument is erecteH . " Religion he held to be necessary to education ; and the object of the secular system was "to erect Godless colleges and infidel schools . " The 10 / . and 5 / . franchises incurred his especiul wrath . " The great body of the people " being Conservative , he was of opinion that , whenever there is a reform of Parliament , the said " great body" will exclaim—** We will not have your Reform BilP ; but every one whose name is on the ratebook shall have a vote , and then we shall not fear the result . " Mr . Cox did not expect that many of his Conservative friends would agree with his opinions : nevertheless , they were loudly cheered . One sensible remark , however , should be placed by the 6 ide of the foregoing . Mr . Cox ridiculed the idea held by many that no man could be a Protestant who did not denounce Maynooth every time he stood up to speak . —Another of the speakers was the Right Hon . William Beresford , who , while lamenting the Derby Government , admitted tliat Lords Palmerston and Panmure are great improvements on Lord Aberdeen and the Duke of Newcastle . He concluded by expressing his willingness to retire from the representation of North Essex at the next election , provided any neighbouring gentleman of Conservative principles were ready to take his place . THE EAttL OF LEICESTER ON THE LABOURING CLASSES . At the annual meeting of the Docking Agricultural Society , near Fakenham , Norfolk , the Earl of Leicester , who was iu the chair , said" I have the misfortune— at least the misfortune as far as I am concerned—to be a very consider able owner of cottage property . I have endeavoured , aa far a-s I ean , to improve the cottage of the labourer , and in doing so 1 trust I have both physically and morally improved j hU condition . In the first place , I have endeavoured in building my cottages to provide such accommodation as \ will allow a human being to live in the way in which a man ehouid live . ( jL'heersS ) In the next place , 1 have endeavoured to build those cottages at as little possible j loss to myself as I can . To expect a profit from cottage property without screwing the tenant , is impossible . By not allowing lodgers to be taken in , by enforcing a few other simple rules which it is necessary to make with tho labouring classes , and by having my tenants in nearly every case directly under me as their landlord , I firmly believe that I have im- , proved their condition both physically and morally . ( CAcer « . ) Now , gentlemen , aa to the master who employs the labourer . When I , as an owner of cottage pro- I perty , have done as much as I possibly can to improve tho condition of tho labourer , much still rests with tho master who employs him . I believe , gentlemen , a I good master makes a good man . I believe , if a | little more attention were paid in looking after the labourers wo employ , we might make them , iu many cases , much more efficient , and give them a much greater ' interest in the soil on which they work , and the pros- ' perity of the master who employs them . 1 believe that , when wo take lubourers from another farm , l » y making a few inquiries into their characters at the place which they have left , by paying the mime kind attention to j them that we pay to our domestic servants , l > y taking , in short , an interest in them which we huvu not hitherto displayed , wo might induce among lubourera a regard for character which at present docs not exist . sullleiently in our district . " ( C'Acera . ) Tho Earl strongly denounced tho practice of begging for " lorgesao" after harvest , and lamented the tendency to drunkenness which characterises the Norfolk peasantry . He recommended the formation of libraries and of adult schools , the latter being greatly needed , Blnco fathers aro naturally apt to tako their children away from school emlv , when they And that they can earn three or four shillings a ¦ week . Tho remarks of his lord&hip were received with great applause .
public support , and he was glad to see that one of the most influential of the statesmen who had brought in measures on this subject had declared that he should value no system if it were not based on religion . 11 is grace exhorted all present to use their influence for the effectual support of this society . The meeting then separated .
in a case like this , to point out how there might be misdirected labours , as well as supine neglect . But , further still , it might be . the duty of the inspector to point out that children are to be taught not merely in the same old rule or order , but that the questions should be inverted , or asked in different forme , so that tliey might obtain a knowledge of thing ? , and not merely have a knowledge of words in parrot-like form instilled into them . After many other speeches had been made , the Archbishop spoke in conclusion . He hoped that Government would be satisfied that they were now going on in a way as useful and as widely extended as it could be extended , at least so far as regarded the rural districts . He did not think a better plan could be devised than that of aiding local contributions by
CANTERBURY DIOCESAN BOARD OF EDUCATION . The annual meeting of this society at Maidstone was very well attended . The Archbishop of Canterbury was in the chair , and Earl Stanhope spoke at length , bearing testimony to the efficiency of the school inspectors . One of the Government inspectors ( Mr . Tufnel , he believed ) , speaking of a school in another county , stated that he found the scholars unacquainted with many of the common facts of ordinary life , as , for instance , the distance to the next market town , and the difference between a foot and an inch ; but when they were questioned as to how many millions of miles the sun was distant from the earth , and the movements of the planets , the children were able to give him ready answers . Surely it was the duty of the inspector ,
Leader (1850-1860), Oct. 13, 1855, page 977, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2110/page/5/