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OUli CIVILISATION . IIoci'ssino and Rohbkuy . — -Two oases , illustrating the absurdity of men going into disreputable houses with largo sums of money about them , wore heard on the same dav at the Thames police oilii : o . Captain ( Clarke , a north countryman , wason his way to his ship late at night , whoa he fell in with two women of the town , and , being " determined to have a frolic with them , and nothing moiv , " he treated them to gin and porter at various public-houses , and at length wont with them into a court in the neighbourhood of Shadwell , but , n » ho afterwards . stated , " only for a frolic' Hero ho was robbed of bll . One of the women was ultimately given into custody , and she has b «*! n committed for trial . In answer to a question from tho magistrate , Captain Clarke Htated that he was a married man , and had a , '
family . — In the other case also , the prosecutor was a naval man—Mr . Alexander Lawaon , chief engineer of the Cily of Aberdeen steamship . Being " the worse for liquor , " he accompanied a man ami woman , in the middle of the day , to an inCiinim * don in Fair-street , Stepney , close to " the Thames police court , la a little while , he wus " hocussed "—that is to aay , utupitied with drink which had been drugged \ and ' 2-kL wore taken from him . He was then forcibly turned out of the i i ' 1 i J ' i
house , and beaten with great savageness , bis cries of " Murder" being heard by the neighbours . Afterwards , he found his way to the police station , and the woman whom he had been with was taken into custody . She also has been committed for trial . Gkokge Muixjey , the porter in Newgate Market charged with a murderous attack on the young woman with whom he lived , has been committed for trial . On the Sunday previous to the fact , he had attempted to poison the woman . The motive would seem tx > have been annoyance at th « wretched creature continually telling him she would not live with him , as he had disappointed her of marriage .
Wojlajs' Beatesg . —Thomas Daley has been sentenced to six mouths * hard labour for a savage assault on his wife . In this as in similar cases , some money assistance was given to the poor woman . —The same punishment has been awarded to a journeyman butcher at Bristol for beating his wife with great brutality , and threatening to cut the throat of his daughter . He had repeated this conduct on several days , and he stated before the magistrates that , if the police had not taken >» irp away , the people would have murdered him . It appeared that he was continually drunk . A crowd of people outside the police court persuaded the wife and daughter not to prosecute , aud they accordingly left ; but the man ,
nevertheless , was convicted . —One month s imprisonment is the sentence passed on George Smith , a journeyman tailor of Lambeth , for endeavouring to stab his wife . His conduct , it appeared , was systematically brutal ; and , on the evening of tbe assault , he came home in a very bad temper , quarrelled with , his supper without cause , and finally snatched up a knife and made two stabs at his wife , wlio , however , luckily escaped . — " William Owens was charged at Bow Street with assaulting a woman wLo interfered to protect his wife . He knocked her down , and trampled on her , and , on a man ru-hiug to her assistance , he bit him in the arm . He . was committed fur three months' hard labour .
Chaules m : 1 'i . EiKr has been committed for trial on the charge of unlawfully obtaining 70 , 000 firebricks from Mr . Patrick John Traquair , brick merchant , Banksi-le . under fraudulent pretences . The prisoner had also started a scheme called the " French and English Alliance , " in which he had used the names of the Lord JInvor and Alderman Wire ( after those gentlemen , finding out the nature of the scheme , had withdrawn ) , and had actually hired chambers in New Bridge-street , Blackfriars , of the City Solicitor , to carry on the business . In August , 1853 , he was charged with obtaining money from a gentleniaJi confined in the Queen ' s Prison , under pretence of obtaining for him the title of an Austrian count . In the present instance he represented himself as engineer to the French and English Canal Company ( which never existed ) , and that the Count de Mornay was the president , Mr . Wilson , M . P ., a director , and Sir George Kennie chief engineer .
Running a Muck . —George Wescott , a respectably dressed voung man , was charged at Clerkenwell with ainusiughimself after a very singular fashion . It appeared that on Sunday night , about ten o ' clock , he was seen rushing about the streets , making violent assaults on women bv striking them on the breast and in the face . Within a short space of time and distance , he thus assaulted three women without the least provocation ; aud one of the witnesses said be attacked every woman indiscriminately . He was intoxicated , and was given into custody . A line of 81 . was imposed , and immediately paid . TiiiKViso Le . vi > . —John Jones and John Brennan , two disreputable characters , have been committed for trial , charged with stealing lead from the roof of an unoccupied house .
Ciiazkd . — William Worsted was c largcd at the Mansion House with having forged a cheque on the Bank of England for 150 / . He had presented the cheque at the private drawing oilice of the Bank , and , in consequence of its being written on plain paper , the cashier , as usual in siicli cases , took the bearer to one of the principals . To him he stated that he was to receive the money for a Mrs . Eolfe , living in Seymour-street , Marvlebone , from whom lie brought the cheque ; but , as the whole affair looked very suspicious , the draft being drawn in the name of one of the directors of the Bank , whose signature it scarcely resembled , the prisoner , after a little further investigation , was given into custody . When he was in charge , theouieer took him to where he said Mrs . Kolfe lived ; but they had no sooner arrived at the spot , than he confessed to its being all false , and
that there was no such person . He was then taken to the station-house . Before Sir Peter Laurie , ho volunturilv stated thut his name was Cotton , the same as on the cheque . —On a subsequent day , Cotton ' s wife camo forward , and stated that he was insane , aud had on three several occasions been confined at Hanwoll . Ho fancied he was descended from the Stuarts , and hid wito attributed his insunitv to his being employed somo years ago to execute heraldic decorations fur the ' XJow houses of Parliament . I lis family were muoJ . - ™ U . ned in their mean ,, and partly dopom o .. t on 1 . a . wh xchof . Cotton has boon remanded , mul imjuir . es ha > o been w t ^ : ^ i r ^ ^' ^» w - r been examined at tho nominator polioo court , «* «» -
October 13 , 3 . 855 . ] T H E fc E A P E B ,. 079
the Queen herself . Whether this be true or not , it is written in the Queen ' s person , and sets forth the desire of her " maternal heart" that so " sublime a people , who deserve to enjoy the benefit of political liberty , " should be enabled to satisfy their " just aspirations . " A plan for realising these is subjoined , and all Spaniards are invoked to aid the writer . Among the chief features of this plan are—the establishment of the national militia ; liberty of the press , " except in all that affects private life au d the sacred ministers of our divine religion , " the free and public elections of the representatives of the nation , provinces , and the municipalities ; unlimited right of petition ; reform of public employments ; " energetic repression of the abuses of authority ;" judicial responsibility ; the establishment of a commission of censure ( apparently for keeping a watch on the Ministerial departments ) ; public instruction ; a general amnesty ; encouragement of the colonies ; and the inauguration of various industrial works , such as railways , roads , canals , irrigation , agricultural banks , and banks of credit , &e . It will be seen that this programme is very democratic ; yet it appears to have issued from the Carlists . Their real design is not obvious ; but it may be inferred . They probably hoped to overthrow Espartero and O'Dounell , and thus to slip into power . Once seated there , their democratic professions would soon have vaui .-hed . There is no doubt that the Carlists are very busy just now , and are doing their best to precipitate a rising in their favour . An organisation exists in the very capital , and has ramifications in various parts of the country , especially in Catalonia . Sonic letters have been published in which the Count de Montcinoliu is spoken of as " the King our Lord . " The writer of one of these letters desires a " Royal Commissioner "' in Madrid , and speaks of "the Royal army" facing " thct of the Revolution "—ue ., the Queen ' s . Accounts from Coblentz speak of "the complete understanding between the King of Prussia , the King of Wurteinberg , the Prince Regent of Baden , the Duke of Nassau . &c . " This intelligence has not met with much favour in the highest Austrian circles . The reorganisation of the German Diet forms the subject of a leader in the Oeaterrcic / tisc / te Zeitutig , in the course of which occurs the following passage : — •*¦ The cry for a reform of the Bund , which has been raised by several German Diets with a kind of desperate energy , is neither more nor less than the expression of a deep feeling of shame at the unworthy part which Germany is doomed to play in the great drama now acting in Kurope . *' The Rev . Father Dionysius , of Piedmont , Carmelite \ and Apostolical Missionary at Bagdad , has been poisoned by his servant , who had robbed him of 1000 piastres . The European colony was greatly grieved at his loss . The atlair has been referred to Constantinople , whence ; due punishment of the crime is expected . j On the occasion of laying the first stone of the future -tanding bridge over the lthine , the King of 1 ' russia , j after bestowing on it the usual three taps with the ham- , mer , pronounced to the assembled meeting the following word > , with head uncovered : " Gentlemen , —God ' s j gracu Las permitted us to commence this work in peace ; li-t us implore Him to grant that it may be carried on during peace . Let us beseech Him that its erection may g . » on and prosper in the plenitude of His blessing ; that t ! ie great work may stand for ages unassailcd ; and that , long before its lust stone be laid , peace may have been restored to the whole of Europe . "—In addition to this ceremony , the King has laid the first stone of a coutiau- , at ion of Cologne Cuthcdrul , and has inaugurated other ; public works . IIis reception at Cologne and elsewhere , appears to have been very enthusiastic ; but it \ & worthy <» f note that in all his speeches , as well as in those ad- dressed to htm , the word " pea •« " has been continually harped upon . A magnificent banquet was given to his ^ Majesty by the city of Cologne . In answer t » the toaat ( of his health , the King spoke as follows : — " More than one of ymi must certainly remember the joyful feast we celebrated twenty-two years ago at Itolauds-werth . I then proposed a toast—' The prosperity of Cologne '—for thi 1 greatness of Cologne was in every heart . I wished | Cologuo to make steam and iron its slaves , and by their j means to regain its ancient grandeur . I had always hoped this ; but at that time I could only hope it . What we sco to-day is more than anything I could ¦ have anticipated . Cologne has risen to be one of the fir * t cities in Germany through the extent of its commerce umd its just appreciation of industry . And that | crown is not wanting without , which a great city is cither nothing—or a danyrr . In the hearts of its inhabitants lives tho true , fidelity , with solid Gorman son . se . < All who heard the words of the Burgomaster must share i his opinions and own that he is right . Gontlotuon , it is a general rule not to repeat the same thing over and over ; but hero , where everything spoakn in praise of Cologne , repetition becomes a necessity . I intend , there- fore , as I did twenty-two years since , to drink to Cologne ia tho anuiont manner—• Alaaf Kiiln / ' " Thoro Ivavo boon disturbances in Yntad , Up- < alii , Wisby , and othor places in Sweden , as thoro had previously been in JonkOping , of a rather Morions character ; they wore ( Hrouted against person * utiHpected of forestalling tho markets . According to ollieial accounts , trtiiv | uillity l » : » 3 boon restored , but it was found necessary to de-
¦ | spatch a few hundreds of military to the scene of uproar . The substance of the communication made by the Finance Department to the Vienna Bank is—1 . State domains to the value of 150 , 000 , 000 florins will be ceded to the Bank as part payment of the debt of the State to that institution ; 2 . The cession will be made by means of the usual legal documents , and the Bank will be at liberty to dispose of a part or the whole of the domains ; 3 . The Bank to enjoy the revenue of the State domains as soon as the deeds of conveyance are signed ; 4 . The Bank to emit 20 , 000 new shares—of the nominal value of 500 fl . or GOOfl . — which the purchasers will have to pay for in specie . The foregoing information , or a part of it , was known on 'Change , and for a time there was an improvement in all kinds of stock ; but towards the close it Was rumoured that the rate of discount of the Bank , which hitherto lias always been 4 , was to be raised to C per cent ., and there was a general decline . The Northern Railroad shares fell nearly 2 percent . — Times Vicuna Correspondent , Oct . 4 . Baron Prokesch will shortly depart for Constantinople as Austrian Internuncio . Count Ileeuberg succeeds him as Austrian Minister Plenipotentiary and President of the German Diet . The betrothal of the P rincess Louise , daughter . jf the Prince of Prussia , to the Prince Regent of Baden , has taken place . About six thousand Turks have attacked the Arabs near Tripoli . The combat lasted for several hours , without any decisive result . The Turks remain entrenched in the same position , and . the Arabs from time ' to time make a few skirmishes . In the battle near j Tripoli , the Arabs captured two guns , but they were subsequently retaken by tbe Turks . Gliouma was not present at this afl ' air ; and there -was only a tribe of the neighbourhood on the ground . The <^ ueen Dowager of Sweden , while walking on the 2 ' . Uh ult . in the park of Ko . > ertberg . was suddenly seized with vertigo , and fell . On her medical attendant .- ; being sent for , it was found that she had broken her arm . The fracture is not , however , of a dangerous kind , anu she will , it is hoped , soon be cured . I am informed ( says the 7 'im < -s Parrs Correspondent ) that the Austrian Ambassador , il . Hubner . was to have presented to-day an autograph letter from hi ? Sovereign the Emperor Francis Joseph to the Emperor Xapoleon . It is not positively stated what the contents of this letter are , but it is supposed , and I beliere with reason , that it is one of congratulation on the victory of the Allies in the Crimea , and particularly the fall of Sebastopol . Any remarks that may have been made , as to the delay which has taken " place since the great event which has occasioned the letter , have beeu explained , and the J explanation has , I learn , been satisfactorily received . It is reported in Vienna that the Cabinet of Berlin has recently proposed to that of Vienna the conclusion of an alliance of armed neutrality , which Austria is said to have rejected . The Bashi-Bazouks at the Dardanelles have been in full revolt . These disturbances were occasioned by an Albanian Lieutenant of the Bashi-Ba / . ouks attempting a gross outrage on the wife of a Lieutenant in an Arab regiment . The olVender was arrested by the police , after a fierce resistance ; and the Governor , Consul--, and Military Governor agreed that nil the Bashi-Bazouks entering the town should be disarmed . The Arabs submitted ; but the Albanians showed signs of resistance . The authorities , however , posted two batteries of artillery opposite the camp , ' and infantry wore massed on the flank , to protect the guns . The English warsteamer Oberon stationed herself so as to sweep the road with grape , whilst the French at Xagara were ready to march to the assistance of the town . Hereupon , the Bashis yielded , consented to give up their arms , and have since remained tranquil .
Leader (1850-1860), Oct. 13, 1855, page 979, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2110/page/7/