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address to the Crown , praying that " Her Majesty will be graciously pleased to give such directions as to her may seem meet for the appointment of a Boyal commission to inquire into the state of the authorized version of the Bible . " INTERCESSION FOB CRIMINALS . Mr . Drumuond gave notice that , on an early day , he should make a motion having for its object to relieve the Secretary of State for the Home Department from the importunities to which he is now subjected on behalf of criraioak sentenced to death , whereby the decisions of courts of justice are oftentimes set aside .
TENANT BIGHT ( IRELAND ) BILL . Mr . George Moobe moved the second reading of this bilL Calling attention to the claims of the Irish people , he described his countrymen as holding a very important position in the United Kingdom . " They form a fifth part of the whole population of these kingdoms ; they are a fourth part of the labouring classes of that population ; they form a third of those who held the spade and the plough ; they are half of the men who wield the musket and the sword ; they are the hardy and stalwart descendants of an ancient race , who once held all the lands of Ireland from sea to sea—who were deprived of those lands by force and fraud—who have been trampled down into a peasantry by the malice prepense of law—who Ibave been deprived of a middle class by express legislafor their
tion . " But they would willingly get injuries if thev were treated with fairness . Among those injuries are the laws affecting the occupiers and cultivators of land ; and the bill before the House proposed to remedy the eviL It contained four principal propositions , two of -which were primary and general , and two ancillary and incidental . 1 . That provision should be made by law for securing to tenants the proper benefit of expenditure , either in labour or capital , made by them on the land in their lawful possession , and to provide compensation for improvements to outgoing tenants . 2 . That rights arising out of prescriptive custom , in certain parts , should no longer depend upon the caprice or the necessities of particular classes , but should be defined and fixed , as far as they rest upon justice , by the law . 3 . That restraints should be placed upon the powers
exercised by landlords of evicting , according to the markets , vast masses of men without any regard to the exigencies of the empire . 4 . That the law should interpose to regulate the anomalies which have arisen out of the disturbing elements of violent legislative changes , and out of the famine of 1846 and succeeding years . He believed the present time to be the best for such a reform , because there is perfect tranquillity in Ireland , and because the Irish in America are beginning to be dissatisfied with that country , and might easily be won over by fairness and consideration . But , if we refused £ he , Irish their just demands , the strength which we had driven forth to the United States would be used against us . The time would inevitably come when we should have to . renew the war with Russia ; " a party of semifanatical and semi-barbarous blockheads in America "
had already threatened war ; we might have to fight at the same time both in the East and the West ; and we should then have need of the " stubborn virtue" of Irehind . An act of justice would reclaim willing soldiers from the further shores of the Atlantic , by a process of enlistment for which we should never have to apologize to any nation in the world . Mr . Maguire seconded the motion . The Speaker having put the question , and no member presenting himself to address the House , there were load cries of " Agreed . " The question being again put , two or three " Noes " were pronounced . The Speaker declared in favour of the " Ayes , " but , after considerable hesitation , the decision was questioned , and the House proceeded to a division , when there
appeared—For the second reading ... ... ... 88 Against it ... ... ... ... ... 59 Majority for the second reading ... —29 The announcement was received with cheers . The Scientific and Literary Institutions Bill was committed proJbrmd , with a view to rccommital . The House then went into committee on the Dissenters' Marriages Bill , and considerable progress was made , when the hour of adjournment arrived . The Excise Bill passed through committee , and the House adjourned shortly before six o ' clock .
Thursday , June 5 th . The Kotal Assent was given by commission in tho Houbb of Lords to several measures . REPORTED DISMISSAL OP THE BRITISH MINISTER AT WASHINGTON . The Earl of Hakdwickk asked if tho report in tho gublic journals that Mr . Crampton had been dismissed bv the Government of the United States was authentic . — -Earl Granville stated that tho Government had received' no official announcement of tho fact . Tho Peace Preservation ( Ireland ) Bill was road a third time , and passed . APPELLATE JURISDICTION .
Oh the report of the amendments to tho Pcora' Appellate Jurisdiction Bill being considered , ' the Loni > Chancellor moved the insertion of a clause empowering a peer who had filled the office of Lord Chancellor to take the office of Deputy Speaker , though ho might not have Bat for five years as a Judge . —A short discussion
followed on the principle of the billitself ; when Lord Denman and the Earl of Wicklow strongly condemned it . — The Earl of Minto moved the addition to the bill of a proviso declaring that nothing in the act should be construed as limiting the rights of the prerogative ; but , as Earl Granville thought the proviso unnecessary , it was withdrawn , and the report was received , Lord Denman giving notice that , at the next stage of the bill , he should move that it be read a third time on that day six months , and that he would divide the House on the question . CONSECRATION OF BURIAL GROUNDS . The Earl of Shaftesbttky presented a petition from
the Mayor and inhabitants of Blandford , complaining of the non-consecration of their new burial ground , owing to a disagreement with the Bishop of Salisbury , who required , contrary to the wishes of the Burial Board and the inhabitants , that a communion-table should be placed in the chapel attached to the cemetery . —The Bishop of Salisbury defended his course of proceeding , on the ground that the Communion is an essential part of the service of consecration . —Lord Portman observed that the law only requires a place for the celebration of the burial service ; but the Bishop required a Church of England chapel . He thought that the Law Lords should devise some means for taking this irresponsible power
out of the hands of one individual . —Lord Redesdale held that the Bishop had acted with perfect propriety . — The Bishop of Oxford took the same , view , contending that , according to the canons , the consecration of a building is not complete until the Communion has been celebrated . He very much regretted to hear Lord Portman insinuate that the Bishop of Salisbury wished to resort to the subtle dishonesty of turning these cemetery chapels into ordinary chapels . —The Earl of Portsmouth thought it was high time that something should be done to settle such disputes . —Lord Dungannon defended the conduct of the Bishop of Salisbury ; and the subject then dropped . THE ITAIJLAN QUESTION .
The Earl of Clarendon , in laying on the table copies of the notes presented by the Sardinian Plenipotentiaries to the Congress of Paris , with the answer to them , stated that at first it was not thought necessary to send any answer ; but the Sardinian Government having pressed for one , he had sent a reply in which he could do nothing more than repeat on paper the arguments he had made use of , by word of mouth , during the Conferences . Before Parliament separated , it might be advisable to discuss the subject fully ; but at the present moment debate would be injurious . He could state that the Powers who now maintain armies of occupation in Italy are sincerely anxious to withdraw their forces , and , indeed , are occupied in doing so .
the Duke of Wellington , when he ( Mr . Herbert ) urged the necessity of having men together in an encampment for the purposes of discipline and instruction , refused his assent to such a plan . No doubt the Duke was swayed in his decision by the recollection of what had taken place at the close of the former war ; for , in giving his determination , he said , " Depend upon it , the only way to maintain an army in this country is to keep it out of sight . " He ( Mr . Herbert ) believed that the unpopularity under which the army no doubt formerl y rested , arose from the fact of its having been used as a police force in the quelling of disturbances which had occurred at periods of discontent . He regretted that an opportunity had been lost at Aldershott of instructing
the men in matters of contrivance and resource , in which they are deficient . He did not desire that the army should be augmented—he should object to such a thing ; but that , instead of scattering our forces , we should collect them into divisions and brigades , in order that they might be exercised in military tactics . In making reductions , he thought the Government should not effect them in those corps where education ia at the highest . He did not wish to cast any aspersions on the army as it now stands , for he thought it had done wonderful things ; but it might be improved , and without extravagant expenditure . It appeared from the information of military men who had been in the Crimea that , although in some matters the
English army there was inferior to the French and Turks , it stood first , beyond all comparison , in respect of arms and accoutrements . But the men were not sufficiently able to help themselves . A mistake , in his opinion , had been made in taking the two additional inspectors of the regimental schools from the War Office , instead of choosing them from among military men . At the risk of infringing the rule which warns a private member not to propose a plan to the House , he would make certain suggestions . These were—that the school at Carshalton should be abolished ; that the age of reception at Sandhurst should be fixed at sixteen instead of thirteen , the term be reduced to eighteen months or
two years , and the curriculum be rendered more practical than at present ; that the pupils should afterwards be educated in various branches of military knowledge at various localities ; that there should be one uniform system of examination in the army , according to the Duke of Wellington ' s suggestion ; that there should be a board of examiners ; that for staff officers there should be a staff school ( such as that which had been established by the late Duke of York , but which had been discontinued , though it cost only 5 , 080 / . a year ); and that each officer seeking appointment on the staff should remain a year in each branch of the service . Such was his plan ; and he trusted that Government would think fit to adopt it .
THE GOVERNMENT AND THE TENANT RIGHT BILL . In the House of Commons , Mr . Horsman , in answer to Mr . Stafford , stated that on "Wednesday he had voted for the second reading of the Tenant-Right ( Ireland ) Bill merely as affirming the pr inciple of the measure , but the Government would not go further in its support . —At ' a later period of the evening , Mr . Moore put a question to Mr . Horsman respecting this explanation , to which Mr . Horsman was proceeding to reply , when , having commenced a narrative , the object of which , he said , was to show the circumstances and conditions under which that bill had been brought forward , he was stopped by the Speaker , who put an end to the discussion on the ground of irregularity .
Mr . Frederick Peel explained that the vote had been omitted from the present estimate on account of the previous votes remaining unappropriated . Government had certainly done less in the way of improvement for the officers than for the men ; but Ministers had now under consideration improved plans of examination for several branches of the service . These matters could not be resolved upon in a hurry . A committee of eminent officers had been sent abroad to examine the military plans of other countries . The report of that comcontents
mittee would be received in a few days , and its would meet with due attention . Ho could not , of course , follow all Mr . Herbert ' s details , on account of their voluminousness ; but he disputed the advantage or justice of adopting an exclusively educational standard , and of applying it to the whole army without reference to circumstances . Still , he had no doubt some of the suggestions might be found advantageous ; but Government could not commit itself to adopt them .
MR . CRAJttFTON . Lord Palmerston ( replying to Mr . Disraeli ) said that he had received information indirectly of the fact that Mr . Crampton had received his passports , and had quitted Washington for Toronto ; but nothing had been received from him as yet . THE NAVY AND COAJ 9 T-GUARD SERVICE . Sir Charles Napier asked if there were any objection to lay on the table of the House certain returns relative to the reductions made in the navy and coastguard service on tho conclusion of peace ?—Admiral Berkeley , in the absence of Sir Charles Wood , replied that it would be very inconvenient to give those returns at present . —Sir Charles Napier then gave notice that on Monday , on the motion for going into Committee of Supply , he would move for the papers which had been refused .
Mr . Ellice urged upon Government the necessity of immediate decision in mutters involving the professional efficiency of officers . —Sir 1 ) k Lacy Kvanh had pleasure in acknowledging the improvements recently introduced by tlie War Department , and hoped an extension would speedily take place , for he could not but regard the state of military education as being still very unsatisfactory . It was true that a high scholastic teat was not necessary ; but that was a very different thing to giving a commission to any stupid person who has 600 / . or GOO / , in his pocket . —Colonel Dunnk complained that tuc Government , ho far from progressing in the cause oi military education , had positively retrograded during tnc past year . One great cause of inefficiency in tho Htaii arose from tho fact that professional attainment w »«> security for promotion . — Mr . Kich , Lord IIotiiam , mm Lord Goi > ERK ! ii , having made a few general remarks topics connected witli the subject
EDUCATION OK OFFICERS OF THE ARMY . On tho order for going into Committee of Supply , Mr . Sidney Herbert brought before tho notice of tho House the subject of tho education and instruction of officers in tho army . Ilia motive for doing ao was that for tho first time he observed the omission from tho estimates of any vote for this purpose , and ho wished tho House- to express its opinion on tho matter . Wo have at this moment an admirable opportunity for creating da novo a . peace establishment which should bo free from tlia errors of that which was
upon , Lord Palmmicston thanked Mr . Herbert for the uMl and clear way in which ho had explained Inn view * . admitted that it was tho duty of Government to im . its utmost exertions for improving tho condition oi tho uriny ; and ftHtmrcd tho House that MiiiiHtun } w »*« deeply inipresnort with tlio great importance of coining ' soon as possiblo to some satisfactory arrangement : * o the subject .
too hurriedly called into existence at tho period of the last peace . At that time tliere existed a strong feeling of animosity against tho troops ; in 1810 was presented tho , London petition , protesting against tho maintenance of an army uh incompatible witli tho constitution , injurious to tho prosperity of tho country , and tending to sup tho vory foundations of civil liberty . So strong was tho fooling , and so deeply did its effects impress thainboIvch on tho mind of tho public mon of tliat day , that
HVVl'l . X . Tho House thon wont into Committee of ^ 'l'l ' ^' when several votes were ngrcod to , and oiui ( viz-, »• " " for furnishing tho British embassy houses abroad ) w < withdrawn , that it might bo examined by a sulect ooin-
KOO THE LEADER . [ No . 324 , Saturday , Odd ^ - - ¦ ~
Leader (1850-1860), June 7, 1856, page 532, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2144/page/4/