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NAVAL AND MILITARY . Shipwrecks . —Tho English ship Staff , Captain Clark , coming from Bombay , hns utruck on the southern point . of the rock St . Estovo , near the Chatonu . d'If . The vrator rushed into tho hold with Huoh violence that tho captain was forced to abandon tin ) ship . Tho boats wero launched , and tho entire crew were landed on tho island
of the Chateau d'If . The boats had scarcely quitted the ship -when she sank , leaving only her topmasts above water . The Stag was laden with a valuable cargo of oleaginous seeds , copper , and copperas . —The brig Ritson , of Maryport , which left Liverpool on the 25 th of November , for Barbadoes , with a general cargo , has been totally lost . She was a vessel of 237 tons , and had a crew of seven hands on board , one of whom was drowned . The brig foundered on the 15 th ult ., having met with a hurricane , attended with a very heavy sea , which , on the 13 th started the stern , and did other damage , so that on the 15 th the ciew could no longer keep her afloat , and she foundered . The damage was done in lat . 45 44 N ., long . 10 44 W . Captain . Colzier went down-with the vessel to a great depth , but was subsequently rescued . The crew got away in boats , and were picked up by a D utch vessel .
Theatricals Prohibited at the Curragh . —The United Service Gazette states that the Secretary of State for War has refused the application of Lieut .-General Sir Richard England , commanding the Division of the Curragh , to have the school-rooms at the camp fitted up as a theatre for the amusement of the troops during the winter months . Suicide in the Channel . —A seaman on board the brig Rowena , of Dundee , while on her voyage to Buenos Ayres , and about fifteen miles off Ormeshead , cut his throat in the forecastle . The vessel was put about , and
the body brought ashore . An inquest was then held , and an open verdict returned . Geneeal Beatsos . — In answer to some observations in the work entitled " Twelve Months with the Bashi-Bazouks" General Beatson writes a letter to the Times , in which he says : — " For the difficulties which I encountered at the commencement of the organization [[ of the Bashi-Bazouksj , Lords Stratford and Panmure are responsible , by not arming me with the powers I asked for , and by not giving me officers to carry out my views . "
The Lyonnais . —It appears that the boat of the Lyonnais , containing a chronometer , provisions , liquors , &c , which was picked up by the Neptune on her voyage to Liverpool , was the one which "broke loose from the steamer and drifted away before the passengers could get into it .
MISCELLANEOUS . The Court . — Prince Albert , accompanied by the Prince of Wales , the Princess Royal , and the Princess Alice , honoured the Photographic Exhibition in Pallmall with a visit yesterday , previous to the public opening to- day ( Saturday ) . The Parliament-street MtEDEit . — Sir George Grey , having made inquiries respecting Lerigo , the young man who seized Marley , the murderer , and finding him to be a person of good character and intelligence , has appointed him to be the messenger at the Bow-street police-court .
Government Commission of Metropolitan Di : ainaoe . —The Chief Commissioner of Works has selected Captain Douglas Galton , of the Royal Engineers ; Mr . Simpson , of Great George-street , the engineer of the Chelsea "Waterworks Company , and President of the Institute of Civil Engineers ; and Mr . Thomas E . Blackwell , of Clifton , as the gentlemen who are to examine the Main Drainage Scheme of the Metropolitan Board of Works . Dr . Livingston . —The Lord Mayor lias consented to
grant the use of the Egyptian-hall on Monday , the 5 th of January , and to preside at a meeting , for the purpose of offering a testimonial of admiration and respect to Dr . Livingston , the intrepid explorer of South Africa . — " It may interest our readers , " says the Medical Times and Gazette , "to know that Dr . Livingston suiters from anchylosis of the elbow-joint , the result of fracture of the lower end of tho humerus by a wounded lion , and that he is ahout to undergo the operation of forced rupture , in the hope of regaining the use of the joint . "
rmc Commercial , Travellkbs' Schools . —The annual dinner of the friends and supporters of these schools took place last Saturday evening- at the London Tavern . Sir E . Bulvver Lytton took tho chnir . Among the guests present were Mr . Sheriff Mechi , Mr . T . Chambers , M . P ., Mr . Moore , Mr . RouLledge , and Mr . W . H . Russell . In bis after-dinner address , the chairman sai < l that it would indeed be a repronch to the country if , after taking so benignant an interest in the offspring of her Jonathan " Wilds and Jack Shcppnrds , she were to neglect the children of honest men who hnd been of servico ' to the country .
Tim Kkckition op tiik Qukkn on Boaui > the Rksolutk . —The Queen , we are pleased to announce , has commissioned Mr . William Simpson , the artist of tho Crimean War , to paint for her private gallery a picture of the Reception on board the Resolute—a very graceful memorial of a most nohlo act of international courtesy , Tho picture , which ¦ will includo portraits of tho various members of tho Uoynl Family , and of Captain JUnrtste ' m , tho American oiHcerH , and the American Consul , will bo engraved , and will unquestionably prove popular on both . sides of tho Atlantic . —Athenwum . Inima Patkonachc . —Mr . Vornon Smith has conferred a cadotahip for the Bombay Infantry on the orphan son of tho late Surgeon Jamca Macrae , of ( Ho , Uengal Army ,
in consideration of the admirable hospitaV arrangements made by the latter during the last Punjab campaign . The Income-tax . —The following declaration has been signed by a large number of the electors of Stroud , for which borough Mr . Horsman , ihe Irish Secretary , sits : — " We , the undersigned electors of the borough of Stroud , feeling that the income-tax is now become an intolerable burden on the trading classes of the country , and believing that its principle is iniquitous and tyrannical , its effect demoralizing and degrading to an incalculable degree , and its general character contrary to English independence and liberty , demand its total and immediate
repeal . We are desirous of paying our full , just share of taxation ; and , our hostility to tie income-tax being tased on our detestation of its inquisitorial and arbitrary principle , rather than its actual rate per pound , no reduction of rates will lessen our opposition to the tax , as ¦ we believe it would be impossible for any Government to devise a means of raising money more hateful to the payers , or more calculated to create disaffection to the laws . Believing that the income-tax will never be repealed until the people bring their united influence to hear upon the House of Commons , we pledge ourselves to vote for no candidate at the next election for this
holough unless he is prepared to solemnly pledge himself to support any and every measure having the repeal of this tax for its object . "—A meeting against the income-tax was held at Gloucester on Monday , when , in spite of some observations by Admiral Beikeley , who opposed the abolition or reduction of the tax :,-on the ground that there is an end of our greatness if , by a reduced revenue , we are obliged to reduce our armaments , a motion denunciatory of the tax was carried , together with another proposing that any deficit caused by the repeal of Schedule D should be met by retrenchment on the
part of the Government . — -Meetings have also been held at Deptford and Dorchester : at the first-named place , Alderman Wire presided , and Mr . Thwaites , chairman of the Board of Works , was one of the speakers against the tax . —A special meeting of the Bath Town Council on Tuesday , on the subject of the war increase on the tax resulted in a petition to Parliament in favour of reduction , and of a raoie equitable distribution , among the various classes of tax-payers , of such portions of the impost as shall be retained . —Se-veral other meetings have been held in various parts of the country .
Fibes . —A house in Essex-street , Gravel-lane , Southwark , was set on fire last Saturday morning "by a child playing with a Christmas candle , -which put the bed and furniture in flanie 3 . The children and other inmates were rescued , but the premises and their contents were much injured . —Another fire , accompanied by loss of life , took place in Mills-buildings , near the . Barracks at Knightsbridge ; and two children , aged five years and two years and a half , were forgotten , and burnt to death . The Weather . — A heavy gale raged along the
coasts , causing great damage , towards the latter end of last week ; and a vast deal of snow fell in various places . At Newcastle , there was much thunder and lightning , the latter unusually vivid . A mill near the town was struck and set fire to ; and it took several hours to subdue the flames . Thft frost in and round London broke up on Monday afternoon . Several sliders and skaters fell through the ice in the parks on Monday , but all were got out without loss of life , though there were some narrow escapes . The life of a man has been sacrificed in this way in Phoenix Park , Dublin .
Representation of Buteshire . —The representation of this county has become vacant by the elevation of Mr . Stewart Wortley to the office of Solicitor-General . Mr . Wortley has issued an address , soliciting a renewal of the electors' suffrages . Mb . Cua"wshay ani > Loud Cl ,. iiu : ndon . —The chairman of the Newcastle Foreign Affairs Committee ( Mr . Crawshay ) recently addressed to Lord Clarendon a letter requesting to be informed whether it was authentic that a hostile expedition from Bombay has been ordered against Persia . After a lapse of a week , Mr . Hammond , Lord Clarendon ' s secretary , wrote to Mr . Crawshay , to the effect that his Lordship must decline to communicate with the Newcastle Committee on matters affecting the foreign relations of tho country .
Dkainaois ov thu Metropolis . —A meeting of tho owners and occupiers of property in districts bordering on tho Thames was held on Monday at tho Bridge-house Hotel , London-bridge , to express disapproval of the plan adopted by the Metropolitan Board of Works for tho drainage of the Metropolis . Sir Culling Eardley , Bart ., occupied the chair , and denounced the proposed measure , aince it would concentrate- at ono spot all tho drainago from tho various cesspools , alaughtcr-housca , and other reservoirs of filth , all orer London , and would lead to disease and to the damage of commerco on tho Thames . " Even though tho full extent of injury they
feared should not arise , the meic apprehension of that injury would have an injurious eifect . It would prevent persons from going to Erith und elsewhere in tho neighbourhood , and deprive this owners of property of the advantage they would derivo from tho \ isitora , besides depriving the inhabitants of London of the recreation they would thore enjoy . (//« ar , hear . * ) Tho plan was imperfect , because it was calculated that in half a century tho population and area of London would bo doubled , and reach at that side to Erith . In such a case , it would bo necessary to extend tho works of sewngo , and he Hubrnitted that it would bo better for
before about killing all the family , and bad even attempted to murder the wife of one of her sons with a razor . This was wrested from her hands by some workmen , and she then went to the house of her daughter and committed the act . She was at once secured . No motive can be assigned , and here again a presumption of insanity arises . A Mttkdebou-s Assault by a . Medical Gentleman . —Dr . James Winn , physician , of Finsbury-square , was charged on Tuesday , at Worship-street , -with a violent assault on Mr . Mark Benjamin Benharo , a gentleman residing with his family in the same house ; and Thomas Tinley , one of Dr . Winn ' s servants , was also charged with assisting his master . There was a
dispute between the doctor and Mr- Benham with respect to the possession , of the house ; high words ensued 5 and at length Dr . Wimrtushed onhis adversary from behind , and struck him repeatedly , calling out for Tinley to come and help him . The servant came , and , Mr . Benham ' s head being held down by the doctor , Tinley struck him several times with a poker , saying he would " give him a pill . " Mr . Benham bled profusely , ancl cried out for help . His wife and children came to the spot , and the police soon arrived , forced open the outer door , and took the doctor and his man into custody . They -were committed for trial at the sessions . The doctor -was liberated on bail , bat the servant was taken away in the van .
The Samaritan Institution . —Mr . S . E . Packe Barber , the manager of the Samaritan Institution , Victoria-street , City , again appeared on Tuesday at the Guildhall , on remand , to answer a charge of misappropriating certain charitable contributions which had been entrusted to him for the benefit of poor persons whom the institution professed to benefit . The evidence was very conflicting ; being partly to the effect that articles of food } > beer , &c , given to the institution in order that they might be distributed to the poor , were in fact consumed by Mr . Barber and his family , or sold to neighbouring tradespeople ; while on the other hand it appeared that the poor were sometimes relieved . The case was again adjourned . -
Alleged Neglect in St . Pancras Workhouse . — An inquest was opened on Wednesday , ' before Mr . Wakley , respecting the deatli of a young woman , a pauper in the casual ward of St . Pancrag Workhouse , whose death is alleged to have resulted from gross neglect , her bedding having been taken away from her while she was ill , on Christmas-day , and on the following day she died . The inquiry was adjourned for a week . Sacrilege . —Two bricklayer ' s labourers are under
remand at Worship-street , charged with breaking into West Hackney Church , and stealing a large amount of property . They were discovered in the church during Tuesday evening by the sexton and the beadle , from whom , however , they escaped , together with a third man , a confederate , who is not yet in custody . The two labourers were arrested the n « xt day . An iron platecheat in the vestry , containing plate , had been forced open , and some of the property was strewed about the floor . Two other chests were also forced . The thieves had got in by tearing up a grating at the north side .
Assault . —Benjamin Smith , a publican in the Whitechapel-road , was charged at the Thames-office with a savage assault on a Mr . Blindell . The latter had had a bottle of champagne at the landlord ' s house , but found that he had not quite enough money to pay for it . He offered to take the publican round to his house to pay the difference , he also tendered a cheque ns security , but Smith fastened the doors , and , with the aid of another man , severely ill-treated Mr . Blindell . Smith was fined 5 ? ., which was immediately paid . Chakge of Murder on the llion Seas . —Hugh Orr , the master and part owner of the ship Hannah and Jane , is under remand at Plymouth , charged with causing , by ill-usage , the death of Edward De Burgh , on the high seas . De Burgh was the cook and steward of the ship . The evidence , as far as it went on the first day , did not go far to criminate Orr .
Robbing Employers . —Henry Frank Carr , whoso extraordinary account of a large quantity of stolen pToperty found in his possession , and which he said had been given to him to sell by a newly-made friend , imposed upon Sir E . W . Cardcn und Mr , Thwaites , the chairman of tho Board of Works , was again brought up at Guildhall , on Thursday , charged with robbing his employers of property to tho value of about 100 ? . Some further evidenco was given relative to a part of the property in pledge , identified as belonging to Mr . Mocking , of Holborn ; after which evidence in a fresh case was given , in which Carr was charged with robbing Messrs . < 3 reenwcll , of the Blackfriara-road , in whose employ he had formerly lived . About ninety pairs of gloves were found in hia box , which were identified aa Messrs . GreenweU ' 8 property . Tho accused was committed for trial on both charges .
January 3 , 1857 . ] THE LEADER . 0
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 3, 1857, page 9, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2174/page/9/