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House yesterday morning . '^ e following was telegraphed from Marseilles to a coatymporacy : — " The Valetta h > a * arrived : The mails leave for London at ten o ' clock . Tho passengers report-General Hayelock ' a position to be very critical . He is sur * rounded by a hostile population ( 5 OjOOQ rebels , according to one account ) , is in want of provisions , and is encumbered -with'women and children . " The Bombay Presidency is said to be in a state of great agitation , and , if Delhi had not fallen , there is every reason to fear we should have had to deplore fresh mutinies in the Bombay army . " A few additional particulars from Marseilles are thus stated : — " All the city people found in Delhi were bayoneted by our tro « p 3 . Europeans-were discovered there fighting on the aide of the rebels . On the night of the 21 st of September , the Queen ' s health : was drunk by the conquerors in the pnlace at Delhi , the cheers being taken up by the Grhoorkas . Lieutenant-Colonel Burn is Governor of Delhi . " Besides General NeiH ' , Major C ' owper , of tlie Artillery , Captain Pakenham , arid Lieutenant Webster Bateman , were killed at Xucknow . " Cawnjpore , on the 2 nd 1 of Oetober , was quiet . The English troops were advancing rapidly . " Delhi has been quiet since the occupatioa— -namely , from the 21 st . to- the 27 th of September . tl A colamn of 2000 men , despatched on- the 23 rd of September down-the west bank of the Jumna , towards Allygbrur , to eroas over to Agra , drove the enemy before them . ¦ ¦"¦'¦ ¦ . ¦ . . . •;• ¦ . ¦ ; ' : - . ' ¦ ' ¦ ' . ¦ ' ' ¦¦' . ¦ .. " Up to the-27 th of September , all-was quiet . Captain Rosserj wbo had been reported dead , -was recovering . " In the midst of onr misfortunes , we may note the agreeable fact that the Madras crop of indigo is exceedingly favourable . It is expected to reach 70 , 000 maunds , sind to fill up the deficiency in the Bengal crop . Tlie prices of imports were very steady at Ceylon a-t the last dittos , ' though transactions were rather lirnited , owing to tlie holidays . Freights were stationary ; bank rates of interest unaltered ; but large quantities of specie had been shipped to Calcutta .
A SKETCH or NAXA S-AHIB . A writer in the Household Words gives an interesting sketch of Nana Sahib . He writes : — " The Maharajah ( Nana Sahib ) invited me to accompany him to Cawnpore . I acquiesced , and the carriage was ordered . The carriage was English built—a . very handsome landau— -and the horses were English horses ; but the harness ! It was country-made , of the very commonest kind , and worn out ; for one of the traces was a piece of rope . The coachman was filthy in his dress , and the whip that lie carried in his liand was an old broken buarrrv -whin which some European c-entleold broken buggy -whip winch some European
gentleman must have thrown away . On the box , on either side of the coachman , sat a warlike retainer , armed -with a sword and a dagger . In the rumble were two other retainers , armed in the same manner . On the road , the Ilajah talked incessantly , and among other thing 3 that he told mo was this—in reference to the praises that I bestowed on his equipage : —' Not long ago I had a carriage and horses very superior to these . They cost me- 2 . 3 , 000 rupees ; but I had to burn the carriage and kill the horses . ' ' Why so ? ' ' Tho child if a certain sahib in Cawnpore was very sick , and the sahib and the ineni-sahib were bringing the child to Bithoor for a change of air . I sent my big carriage for them . On the road , tlie child died ; and , of course , as a dead body had been in the carriage , and as the horses had drawn that dead Ijody in that carriage , I could never use them
again . AIXKC 13 D KXCKSSIJS OF TIIK ENGLISH TROOPS . r The London correspondent of the Milan Gazette ( apparently an Englishman ) nialccs the subjoined assertions with respect to excesses committed by our men in tlie work of retaliation . Wo do not , of course , pledyo ourselves to their truth : — " Our papers are very cnutioua in . publishing private letters from India this week . The reason id that they arc full of accounts of atrocities committed by English
soldiers not only on the Sepoys , but even on tho unarmed popvilatiou . I have seon with my own eyes letters from Cawnporo and Dinapore , received at our United ServicoClub , in ¦ which it is related witli satisfaction how tho 78 th Rogiment of tho Queen put to death in Cawnpore and its neighbourhood no less than 10 , 000 natives , men , women , and childron , or as many as fell into their hands . . . . Tho Hvmbmj Gazette rerountH how tho kocalloil execution parades aro conducted ; and to road such horrid accountH without shuddering , one must bo saturated with beer or gin . "
Till : OAWNI'OIUC rUAOISDT . —OrKICI . VL ACCOUNT . Mr . W . rf . Shepherd , of tho Commissariat Department at Cawnpore , communicates , under dote August 29 th . an oilicial account of tho siege of , and massacre at , Cawnpore . Tho mutiny burst out on the 5 th at June : buriRiilows were tired , Government elephants seized ami loaded with public monoy , tho place given up to tho plunder of the soldiern , and the English driven to ontroncli tluMnselvos in tho fort . On the Cth of Juno , tho fire opened , the rebels having previously secured jill our magazine work people
classes &Ci , and made tlr-em assist io putting up a few heavy guns in serviceable , order . "We had eight guns , viz ., two : brass ones of the 3 rd Ouxle Battery , two nin&-p © unders , long guns , and four of smaller size . Tor tbe 3 e sufficient ammunition had . previously been taken and buried underground . The entrenchment was made round the hospital barracks of the old European infantry , and of the two buildings thus enclosed ^ one had tliatched roofing , over which a covering- of tiles was hastily thrown to . prevent its easily catching ike . Noneof the native writers , Bengalesej andothers , in . Government onlce 3 or merchants' employ , went into the entrenchment ; they remained in the city , where they appear to have reeeivel much annoyance from the mutineers , and some had to hide themselves to save their lives . On the 7 th . the enemy increased the number of their guns , some of wliieb . were of the largest size available . The 24-pounder guns , of which they had
three or four , proved very destructive on account of their proximity to us . The shots from them were fired with such force as to bring down whole pillars o £ the verandahs and go through the pukka walls of tlie hospital barracks . We had but one well , in the middle of the entrenchment , aiid the enemy kept u . p their lire so incessantly , both day and night , that it was as . much as giving a man's life-blood to go arid draw a budcet of water , and while there was any water remaining hi tha arge jars usually kept in the verandah foi the soldiers ' use , nobody ventured to the well . "
"When this stock was exhausted , tlie men were obliged to go to the wells by night . The rebels kept under cover , so that it was not easy to hit them . " The heat was very great , and what with the fright ^ want of room , want of proper food and eaxe , several ladies and soldiers' wives , as also children , died with great distress ; many officers and soldiers also were sunstruck from exposuro to the hot winds . The dead bodies of our people had to be thrown 'into- a well outside the entrenchment , near the new . unfinished barracks , and thLj work was generally doue at the close of each day , as nobody coidd venture out during the day on account of the shots and shells frying in all directions , like a hailstorm . Our entrenchment wa * strewed with them ; the distress was so great , that none could offer a word of consolation to his friend , or attempt to administer to the wants of each other . I have seen the dead bodies of officers and tenderly brought-up young Ladies of rank ( colonels ' and captains' daughters ) put out here in the verandah amongst the rains , to await the time when the fatigue party usually went round to carry the dead to tlie well ; for there was scarcely loom to shelter the living . ' Tho buildings ; were so sadly riddled that every safe corner available was . considered a greai object . The enemy now commenced fining live shells well heated , with the intent of scttuig lire to the teuts of officers in the compound , as also to tlie thatched barrack , which , though hastily covered over with tiles , was not proof against lire . The tents , therefore , had all to be struck , as several had thus been burnt ; and at last ,, on the 13 th of June , the barrack also took lire . It was about five v . M . ; . and that evening was ono of unspeakable distress aud trial ,, for all tho wounded and sick were in it , also the families of the soldiers aiid drummers . The lire took on the south side of it , and , the breeze being very strong , the ilauies spread out so quickly that it was a hard matter to remove the women and children , who were all in great confusion , so that tlie helpless wounded and sick could not be removed , and were all burnt to ashea ( about forty or upwards in number ) . '
On the morning of the 21 st of June , a desperate attempt was made by the enemy ( who advanced under shelter of bales of cotton ) to take the place ; but it wns defeated by the courage and euergy of our handful of men . " This day , I saw a very daring and brave act done in our camp about niid-duy . One of our ammunition waggons in the N . E . corner wan blown up by tlie enemy's shot , and whilst it -was blazing tho batteries from the Artillery barracks and tho Tank directed all their gnaw towards it . Our soldiers being much exhausted -with the morning ' s work , and almost every artilleryman buing either killed or wouudod , it was a difficult matter to put out tho fiio , vihicn ' Crudungered the other waggons near it . However , in tho midst of all thin cannonading , a young olllcer of the 53 rd N . I ., Lieutenant Dellafosao , with unusual courage , went up , and laying himself down under the burning waggon , pulled away from it what loose splinters , ¦ &c , ho couM get bold of , all the while throwing earth upon the names . Ho was soon joined by two soldiers , who brought -with tliom a couple of buckets of water , which were very dexterously thrown about by the lieutenant , aud , white tlie buckets were taken to be replenished from the drinking water of the men close by , tho process of pitching earth was carried on amidst a fearful cannonading of about six guntt , all firing upon the burning waggon . Thus at last the tiro was put out , and the olliccr ami men escaped unhurt . 13 y this time , our barracks wore so perfectly riddled as to afford little or no shelter , yet tho greater portion of tho people preferred to remain in them tuaa to bo exposed to tho heat of the sun outride , although a groat many mado themselves holca under tho walla of tho entrenchment , covered over with lioxos , cot . « , &v . In themo , with their wives and children , they woro secure , at least from tho shots and shells of the eiiomy , though not ho from tho elleets of the heut , and tho mortality from apoplexy was
< 1 ) i 1 < i ; < 1 i t i < a I considerable . At night , however , every person had to sleep out , and take the watch in turn , so that nearly the -whole of tho women and children also slept under the-walls of the entrenchment , near their respective relatives . Here the shells kept them ia perpetual dread , for nearly all night these shells were seen corning in the air and bursting in different places , often doing misebief . Thus the existence of those that remained alive was spent in perpetual dread and fear . The soldiers had their food prepared by the few remaining cooks , but all the rest had to shift for themselves thebest way they could , and it was sometimes a difficult , matter for many who had uncooked rations served , to them'to provide a mouthful of victuals for themselves , and children . The poor wounded and sick wera objects of real commiseration , for their state was exceedingly wretched . The stench also from the dead bodies of horses and other animals that had been shot in . the
compound , and could not be removed , as also the unusually great influx of flies , rendered the place , extremely disagreeable . " To all this misery and danger was added the : farther peril of the -walls of the barracks , which af&ided the women and children , shelter , coming down , owing to the heavy shot which had been iraeessajitly directed against them . At length came the suvrender and the massacre , the particulars of-which , ' as given by Mr . Shepherd , do not differ from the
accounts already received . With respect to the women who were first of all saved , but ultimately slaughtered , we are told that the Nana . " appointed a wicked old hag- to persuade the helpless creatTires to yield to > his wishes . This message was conveyed to tlie women with great art , accompanied' by threats and hopes ; but it was received with great indignation , and a firm resolution , to die > be- kilL each other with , their own teeth , if force was employed to seduce them . " The final horror , however , was fast approaching : —
" The poor females were ordered to come out [ of the building where they were shut up ] , but neither threats nor persuasions could induce them to da so '; . they laid hold of each other by dozens , and clung so close tbmt it was impossible to separate them or drag tHera out 6-1 the building . The troopers therefore brought muskets , and , after firing a great many shots from the doors , windows , &c , rushed in with swords and bayonets . Some of the helpless creatures , in their agony , fell down at the feet of their murderers , clasped their legs , and begged tlem , in the most pitiful manner , to spare their lives , but to no purpose . The fearful deed was done , most deliberately and completely , in the midst of the most dreadful , shrieks and cries of the victims . There were between one hundred and forty and one hundred and fifty scuk including children , aud from , a little before sunset till candlelight was occupied in completing the dreadful deed . The doors of the buildings were then , locked , for the night , and the murderers went to their homes . Next morning it was found , on opening the doors , that some tea or fifteen females , with a few of the children , had managed to escape from death , by falling and hiding under the murdered bodies of their fellow-prisoners . Fresh orders were , therefore , sent to murder these also ; but the survivors , not being able to bear the idea of , being cut down , rushed out into the compound , and , seeing a well there , threw themselves into it without hesitation , thus putting a period to lives which it was impossible for them to save . "
It was into this well that the dead bodieB were afterwards thrown . On the 17 th of July , the English again took possession of Cawnp . oi ? e ; bat the rebels had previously blown up the magazine .
LORD MAYOR'S DAY . This ue \ r Lord Mayor , Sir R . W- Garden , was inaugurated , aiccording to tho usual tiinc-disluaiwured customs , into the civic ollice for tho ensuing year , on Monday . The day was a trim Lord Mayor ' s day according to the oLd traditions , beiug foggy aud obscure . The procession deviated ia an important particular from previous y « ars , there being no water procession . Tho Corporation aro no longer tho only conservators of tho Thames , and it was therefore resolved that tho route should be entirely upon laud . Another departure IVom precedent was the absence of tho usual squadrons of dragoons as an escort to his Lordship . The procession left Guildhall shortly before twelve o ' clock , and pusscd through Grosham-atreot , JLothbury , Bartuolomow-lnnc , Thrcadneedle-street , Fiuch-lano , Cornhill , King "V il-Hjun-atreet , Martiu ' s-lane , Thames-street , Queon-stivet , Caranon-street West , St , Paul'a-churchyard , Ludg-ntestreet , Fleot-atreut , Strand , to " VVestmiuaUn *; . returning from Westminster by way of tho Strand , I'loet-sUwc , Ludgate-hill , St . Paul'a-churchyard , Cheapsulo , Kiugatreet , to Guildhall . Tho usual ceremony of sweiirin ^ -ni in tho Court of Exchequer was tfouo through during the progress , and in tho oveuhn- ' 'h e banquet tookplnco in tho Guildhall , which wa » specially decorated by Mr . Dunning , tho dity architect . A profusion of sword * , bayonets , suits of armour , emblazoned ahiohb , &c , gave a warlike aspect to tho diutnbor , which waa relieved by various piocefl of sculpture and other objects of nit , choice plants , acenic paintings , &c . Among tho lalLer waa ono which must have been performed , with groat celerity : i'or it represented tho taking of Delhi . Tho
No . 399 , November 14 , 1857 . ] THE LEADER ., 1083
Leader (1850-1860), Nov. 14, 1857, page 1083, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2217/page/3/