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THE full despatches from India , which have arrived in London during the -week , do not add much to our general knowledge of events ; but they contain details of the gallant relief of Luoknow . These will be read with interest , as a harder tight , or one with a more important object , was never fought . From the Bombay Gazette we derive a narrative of the protracted struggle : — T . TTCIOfOW .
" Sir Colin Campbell arrived at Cawiipore on the 3 rd of November . On the 9 th he crossed the Ganges , and joined Brigadier Grant ' s column at Nawabgunge , a fuw miles short of Lucknow . On the 10 th or 11 th , the force readied the Alumbagh , and on the 13 th it made a detour to capture the fort of Jellalabad , to the right of the road , which was promptly taken and destroyed . On the 15 th , by another detour to the right , driving the enemy before him , Sir Colin obtained possession of the Delkhosah Park and the Martiniere School outside the city , and of the canal which bounds it on the side towards Cawnpore . Thence , on the lGth , he advanced across the canal direct upon Secunderbngh , probably a large garden strongly walled in the city , which was carried after a severe struggle , in which the enemy suffered immensely ^ This position having been occupied , the
barracks were attacked with heavy artillery for three hours , and were carried at dusk ( the IGlIi ) , ' after one of the severest fights ever witnessed . ' Early on the 17 th communications were opened to the left rear of the barracks towards the canal . A cannoiiado was kept up all the morning on the mess-house , and that very strong position was carried by assault at three r . M . The troops pushed rapidly on after carrying the mess-house , and were able to seize the Motee Mahal before dark . Sir James Outram and Sir Henry Havelook then came out to meet the Commander-in-Chief . We have as yet no details of subsequent operations , but we know that on the 20 th a great part of the place was in the hands of our troops , and that it had besn found practicable to send the women and children away to Cawnpore . The loss on our side in these operations must have been consi- '
" The city of Lucknow will be held in check by a strong movable column , with field and heavy artillery , occupying a good military position outside , the town . The fort of Antrowahes has been evacuated by the enemy , and razed to the ground by Colonel Southden , who intended returning instantly to the Jaunpore frontier , as it was -still threatened by a large force from Oude . " With respect to the removal of the women and children and the sick and wounded from Lucknow , it appears from this telegram that nothing is said by Sir Colin Campbell about their having been sent to Cawnpore . He simply ' reports that the garrison had been removed , and that he is engaged in conveying women and wounded to the rear . '
DELHI . The Bombay correspondent of the Daily News writes : — "A fatal spirit of lenity , the ghost of Mr . Colvin ' s policy , lingers at Delhi . Numerous prisoners sent in from time to time are treated with respect and tenderness . The King is sumptuously attended in his socalled confinement , and receives the customary forms of ceremonial to which his old rank entitled him . A son of the King of Delhi is seen taking airings on an
eielargest proportion of the military , and all of the nonomcial classes . The largest proportion of officers are of course subalterns , and these are very hardly treated . Every subaltern , immediately after the mutiny of his regiment , lost his company allowance—one , or even more companies , as the case may be—and this loss , extending over several months , is not taken into account in . any way . Officers in civil employ were permitted to draw their allowances up to the 1 st of October , and many of them were able to regain their appointment before that time , and so have suffered no loss at alL "
MISCELLANEOUS FACTS . A telegram received at the East India House on Monday from Mr . G . F . Edmonstone , Secretary to the Government of India , says : — " Lieutenant Osborne , political agent in Rewah , has been authorized to detach a force to suppress the insurrection in Bijerargooghur , and to take the administration in his own hands . He reports that certain chiefs of Magker have broken out in rebellion at Rewah . itself . The agent seems to be all right now . A body of mutineers was reported on the 10 th f _ of November ] to ^ have advanced from Gborawal or Mezzapore district , and to have crossed the Belgun into Rewah territory . The fort of Dhur was occupied by our troops on the 15 tb , but the rebel garrison escaped .
pliant , with Colonel Hogge and Mr . C . B . Sanders seated behind him in the howdah . Noted leaders of the rebellion are in custody , and should be tried . Their names have been published . They are—Hoossein Khan , a Persian , who commanded a regiment at Delhi ; Nuwab Ahmed Kooli Khan , the father-in-law of the King , who went out to meet the Bareilly brigade and escorted them into the city ; the Nuwab of Jhujjur , and Nuwab Ameen Oodeen Khan , accused of assisting in the murder of Mr . Fraser . " In the same letter we read : —
" It is apprehended that the mutiny of the Cotah troops , and tb . 3 disaffection among the feudatories of Meyar and Marnear may cause serious disorder in Jiajpootana . The force there is very weak , and European troops are urgently called for . " The rebels seem determined to make a desperate stand in Oude . They have placed a boy on the throne , whom they keep in state at Fyzabad , a wellfortified and populous city . Nana Sahib , with all his men , baggage , &c , has joined the force at Jaloun , where another pupioet sovereign has been set upone Jaiee Baiee , a grandson , it is said , of the Maharajah Scindiah . The Nana , however , appears to be the real potentate . He is said to be acting in concert with the Ranee of Jhansi .
" South of Delhi , the country so lately crossed by our victorious column has again fallen iuto the hands of armed natives . Walleedad Khan , whose fort at Malaygliur was blown up , has returned to Boolundshuhur . Futtehpore Sikree , taken by Colonel Cotton on the 29 th of September , is again in the hands of the enemy . The Mynpoorie Rajah Tej Singh , who fled at our approach , and who was replaced by his brother , came back and forced our new authorities to fly . Major Eld , with the garrison of Allehghur , and Colonel Riddell , with two hundred and fifty of the 3 rd Europeans , Sikhs , and Militia Cavalry , have been sent to hunt out Walleedad Khan a second time . The Allehghur force had , by the last accounts , already reoccupied Secundra Rao . They will ultimately march to Mynpoorie . "
The Supreme Government of India has sanctioned the increase of each regiment of native infantry in the Madras army to 1000 privates ; and the Btrength accordingly of each regiment will in future be as follows : —10 subahdars , 10 jemadars , 60 havildars , 60 naiques , 20 drummers or buglers , and 1000 privates . The corps of Sappers and Miners is also to be increased from nine to twelve companies . A bill has been introduced into the Bengal Legislative Council to enable the Government to brand the rebel Sepoys witli the letters M and D , standing for mutiny and desertion .
derable . " Including the garrison of the Alumbagli , the Commander-in-Chief would have with him about G 000 men , which the junction of those in Lucknow- would increase to about 8000—a very respectable force as things go , and capable of dealing easily , according to Indian calculations , with at least 50 , 000 mutineers and rebels . This force was accompanied by a powerful artillery , including eleven heavy guns ,- some of them worked by the seamen of the Naval Brigade . Sir Colin Campbell appears duly to have appreciated his own strength in this arm , and to have resolved to turn it to the best account in making way for his infantry . "
The loss on the part of the Sepoys was . One thousand five hundred dead bodies were found in one place . From another account we learn that the rebels have not entirely evacuated Lucknow , and that Sir Colin Campbell asks for reinforcements . The Calcutta Englishman publishes the following extra intelligence : — l From private sources wo loam that our loss [ at Lucknow ] has been small ; that of tho onoiny very great , being estimated at 7000 men . The Connnander-in-Chicf did not follow tho example of ( jonerals Outram and Havelock , who endeavoured ) to force their way through the narrow streets of this largo city , where every house
is said to bo loopholed nnd tilled with mined men . 'lliis they only accomplished with a loss which totally crippled their small force nnd reduced them to ( ho condition of the garrison , having been ever . since besieged in tho Residency . Sir Colin Campbell avoided tho town , and , by making a circuit through the suburbs , has . spared hi * troops and accomplished his object , thuiu . h it irf believed that the force of rebels and mutineers assembled at Lucknow is so groat that ho will not bo able to subdue or disperse thorn without considerable roiiiforcoincntsJ . Those are now fast pouring in , and every day is adding to the strength of tho British troops in nil tho intermediate stntions .
"Although thoCommnndor-in-Chiof ' s success is highly important , and will greatly discourago tho insurgents , it must not be hastily concluded that tho work in done . The whole of Oudo is in arms , and tho adjoining district of Roliilcund is also disaffected and disturbed , ho that , ovon if no largo body should btill contend for J . ucknow , or concentrate thomsolvc . s elsewhere , it will requlro a considerable timo to put down all resitit : uue , to punish marauders and plunderers , and to rostoro obedience . " — - T-he- //«/ 'Aarj < -statos-fchat-our-losa-wu 8 ' - 4 -vei'y j heavy z
GENERAL SUMMARY" . A general summary of the progress of affairs over the whole of British India is presented by the Bayeal IIurka . ru : — " The telegraphis communication , which was re-established between Cawnpore and Alumbagh , has been cut off . Whether the wires have heen destryyed or not , we are not aware , but two signallers , Who seem strangely enough to have been without an escort have been found murdered , which is quite sufficient to account for tho absence of communication .
" The Pachetc Rajah has been arrested under circumstances of strong suspicion , which seemed justified by the fact that bis house at Kossipore , near Rogoonathpore , was found to be fortified , surrounded by a trench , and to contain a number of warlike stores . The 32 nd mutineers have been pursued by Major English and Captain Rattray , but the greater part of them have got clear off , and will probably cause some trouble yet . TheGwallor mutineer * are at Calpce , where they seem to want an "I'j ^ t . _ . . .... have been various affairs
" In Central India there " ' ' with the mutineers . The most serious is the mutiny of tho Kotah contingent at Kotah , and tho murder of Major Burton and his two suns , as well as Dr . Solder and Mr . Savillc . Major Burton had arrived at tho Presidency only a few days previously . He . had no great reputation as a political , but ho was much respected by his friends , by whom his loss will bo deeply folt . " Tho North-West is tolerably quiot ; but our garrisons generally are not vary strong , and tho reinforcements which aro arriving uhnost daily in Calcutta will bo highly welcome in many plucea . Council have act
A telegraphic despatch ( non-official ) from Trieste , ated the 28 th ult ., states that " three companies of . the 34 th Native Infantry mutinied at Chittagong on the 19 th of November , and marched to Dacca . One hundred Europeans were sent to intercept them . No Europeans were killed during the mutiny . " The final result is not yet known .
TUB MURDER OP LIEUTENANT NEVILLE . Details of this lamentable event are thus supplied by the Daily News Bombay correspondent : — "In the l unjab the bill rebels still give considerable trouble . Lieutenant Neville , proceeding to Bombay to meet his intended bride , who recently arrived hero in the Windsor Castle , was killed at Puli Puttun , where his boat lay at anchor for the night . lie bad started from Feroscopore in a country boat , and as it was dropping down the stream by a place called Jumlera , on the Sutlej , a party of the rebels , numbering forty , hailed the boatmen from tho bank to put to . The request being backed by throats that they would be fired upon in the
event of non-compliance , it was at once obeyed , when the boat was uttacked . A conflict ensued between the ill-fated occupant nnd tho rebels . Lieutenant Neville is said to have made a stout resistance , cutting down two of his assailants ; but , being himself wounded , he was seized and carried off to tho rubol camp . Ho offered to pay the sum of two thousand rupees as a ransom for his life , and tho party who made him a prisoner agreed to tho arrangement . But no sooner was he taken before tho chief of tho insurgents than a command was issued to put him to death , which was done in tho most diabolical manner . Tho commissioner , Major Hamilton , visited the scone of murder soon after , and I hear picked up a few relics belonging to tho unfortunate man . "
" Tho Legislative . passed an upon tho subjoet of foreigners in India . Foreigner * must , fin tho future , have Iieonses to remain hi tho country , and to travel , stating thuir objects , &c . It in thought that tho prwsenco of persons nupporied to bo Russians , with th « mutineers at Delhi and elsewhere , and tho intrigued of Gonoral d'Orguni , otherwise M . Girodon , huvo led to thin measure . " The despatch of tho Court of Directors indotlnitely postponing-tlie-Jilnok-Act-luw-boen—brought-boforo- ' -the Legislative Council . Tho supporters of tho act did not say a word in its favour , and tho despatch was quietly referred to the , commit Leu upon tho now code . Thin proceeding ban given great sutittfaoMon to tho European community , who look upon it a » uu indiuatiou of what ia to come .
THE APPOINTMKNT OP MOONSIIEE AMJiHK AH . Mr . E . A . Samuels , tho Commissioner of Revenue for the Division of Putna , has addressed a letter to tho Secretary of tho Government of Bengal in defence of tho appointment of tho Moonshoo Ameor All , a Mahomodan , to an office under Government Binco tho revolt—an act which has caused great ollbnce among-tho-English-residents-in-India ;—MrrSnnmels asserts that tho Moonshoc has given ropeatod proofs of his loyalty to our Government , and donies that tho Muhoineuiiua of India are , as a rule , opposed to us . Ho mentions instances of their having uphold our authority , and repruased attoinptoj ,, rovolta ; but he adds that if , aa inrtny journals fioom to desire , wo uvo to go upon iho principle- of systematically excluding Mahomedans from office , wo shall soon alienate thoir allbotions , and convert thorn into onomie « .
" Tho Government have published a reumullon detailing the plan of compensation which they havo ilucideil upon for poi-sons who havo lost property by tho mutinies . It is \ cry unsatisfactory , especially as rogurdH the
during tho struggle at Lucknow . Tho interruption of telegraphic communications loaves ua in tho dark as to iho stuLo of things in Lucknow after tho 20 th of November . On tho 17 th , a heavy cannonade was kept up on tho palaces ; but letters havo boon received at Calcutta from Luclinow or Oawnpore , dated the 19 th , to ilio elU > cl that the firing had almost ceased . Tho . Km * !; India lluunu telegram from tho Secretary tp tho Government at Calcutta says : —
] $ o . 406 , January 2 , 1858 /] THE . IEAPEB , _ 3 _
THE INDIAN REVOLT . in
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 2, 1858, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2224/page/3/