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the Adelphi , for £ he purpose of considering the whole question of University local examinations . The feeling appeared to be in favour of the holding- of but one examination yearly , to take place at all the centres simultaneously . On the following day the deliberations of tihe body had reference to the substitution of . . titles of "I / iterate of Oxford" or " Literate of Cambridge , " in place of " Associate of Arts ; " ultimately it was resolved that the matter should be left to the universities themselves . —On Wednesday , Jan . 4 n at a meeting of his Greenwich constituents , Mr . Angerstein , M . P ., said he did not concur in the opinion that England should not send a representhatthe firm b
tative to the Congress . He believed , support given y Lords John Russell and Palmerston to the rights of the Italians had rendered them masters of the situation . Of reform , he said that he was prepared to advocate a liberal extension of the franchisehe did not believe that the mass of the people had any desire to pull down the Constitution . Sir John Trelawny addressed a similar meeting , at Tavistock , on Tuesday , Jan . 3 , and after touching on the various topics of the day , argued at great length in favour of the abolition of church rates . If the Government ( said Sir John ) deal boldly with this measure they will secure a long tenure of power .
In the Naval and Milixaby intelligence , we notice the announcement , on Monday , the 2 nd ' of January , of the resignation of Admiral Bowles , Commander-in-Chief , at Portsmouth , of Capt . Farquhar of the " Victory , " of Lieut . Robinson , and of the Ad * miral ' s secretary Mr . Fegen : this has arisen out of a correspondence between the Lords of the Admiralty and the Commander-iii-Chief , relative to the publication of the papers in the case of the " Princess Royal , " The admiral declares they have been published without his knowledge . —On Tuesday , 3 rd , at Portsmouth , was held a Court-martial upon Lieut . Simeon , of the " Perseverance , " accused of having dishonourably induced a brother officer to become his security in a money transaction , by false and fraudulent representations . The court decided that the charge was " not proved . "
—On Monday , 2 nd , thirty-six soldiers , discharged from the Indian gefvice , were accused before the Maidstone magistrates of riotous and disorderly conduct at Gravesend , during the previous two days . Twenty-one were fined ; the remainder imprisoned—some for a fortnight , others for a month . r—The first ten guns made at the new rifled cannon factory , at Woolwich , were on Wednesday , Jan . 4 , fired at the proof-butt , under the . superintendence of Col . Tulloli , inspector of artillery . Every guri- having been carefully examined , was pronounced faultless ; Tile establishment will complete twenty Armstrong guns each week , iintil the steam-hammer is brought into use , when the number will be greatly increased . —On Tuesday , 3 rd inst ., the Town Council of Birmingham adopted a memorial to Government to fix the site of the proposed central arsenal of the
kingdom in that locality . . A remarkable case in Bankruptcy stands conspicuous in the Law Reports ; Commissioner Goulburn , on Monday , 2 nd inst ., pronounced judgment in the matter of one David Barker , a cornchandler , of Millbank ; the certificate was totally refused . The accounts commence two years back , with a deficit of £ 7 , 300 , which has now reached £ 11 , 000 ; a disgraceful feature was the bankrupt ' s having obtained possession of £ 500 , the sole property of his aged grandmother , which ho squandered in speculation .. Mixed up with this transaction , was a discounting attorney , named Sawbvidge , of whom the judge spoke in severe terms ; the bankrupt has paid in interest and discounts the sum of £ 1 , ( 500 , in eighteen months ; ho had also received and appropriated about £ 28 since his bankruptcy .
Prominent in the Criminal Trials of this week are thoseoftwo prisoners in the Middlesex House of Correction , on Tuesday 3 rd , for murderous assaults upon the warders at different , times . One of these men , named Jones , but nineteen years of age , pleaded " guilty , " declaring that he had fully intended to murder the gaoler ; ho was sentenced to penal servitude for life . The other man , Hayes , whoso brutality was less aggravated , was adjudged six years' penal servitude . —On Wednesday the Uh , Charlotte Stubble , a domestic servant , was indicted for the murder of her female infant ; the jury took a merciful view of the case , and found her only guilty of concealment of birth ; Judge Keating sentenced her to eighteen months' hard labour . —On the same day , the now celebrated case of
Dnvid Hughes came on for trial . This person ,, a solicitor and money scrivener , was indicted for not surrendering to pass Iuh examination after being adjudged a bankrupt ; he is also charged with embezzling the money of his clients , to a very largo amount . Mr . Bovill , who prosecuted , stated that nn investigation of the prisoner ' s affairs showed his affairs to bo worth £ 50 , 000 loss than nothing ; the anoney hn < jl been got rid of in ' personal extravagance ; these facts were borne out by the evidence . On the following day * Mr . Hawkins for the defence , declared there was no ovulonce to support the
charge of fraud on the part of the prisoner against his client , Ihoro wns no evidence of trading as a money scrivener , and tho bankruptcy proceedings wero yoid ; ho hoped tho jury would divest their minds of prejudice , and confine thomsolves to the charge in bankruptcy . Tho jury returned a verdict of " guilty " of absconding with intent to defraud . The prisoner was then tried on nnothor charge of obtaining £ 570 from James Eloms by falso pretences and was ngftin found guilty : He was sontenced to one wodk ' s imprisonment on'tho last chrtitoe , and to ion years' penul servitude on tho Iir » t
An , examination at the Thames Pongis Court disclosed nn ingc " - nious swindle , which , for the present , at least , has boon successful . A Frenchman , Auguste Gileon , residing 1 in Lpndon , writes to n WolMcnown artist in Brussels , des / cribing himself us an agent , and gives him an order for a valuable painting worth £ 240 in the nnmo
of a fictitious connoisseur , whom he calls " Lord de Hadford , " and who resides at Si . Mary-at-Hill . The painter , foolishly' sends the picture , which is brought away from the docks by the " Hon . M . Hadfprd , " sort of " milor . " Neither the peer , the youthful scion , nor the picture have yet been found . The prisoner was arrested through his own stupidity in writing to the General Post Office to have his letters forwarded to his latest address . —Some days back a person named Cole , complained at the same police court that a sailor , his brother-in-law , "had been brutally , ill-treated on board an American ship ( now in the London Dock ) while on her voyage to this . country , and that eventually he was knocked into the sea by the mate and drowned . On Tuesday , 3 rd January , the captain of the vessel denied that the man had been ill-used ; adding , that the
man went aloft against orders , and fell overboard . On Wednesday the 4-th , Mr . Cole again attended , with two passengers and six of the crew as witnesses , but the magistrate declined to hear him , deciding that he had no jurisdiction in the case . The American consul , who has been appealed to , is satisfied with the captain ' s explanation . Some remarkable ' Casualties are to be noticed . On Sunday the 1 st January , very early in the morning , a fire broke out in Shoreditch , at a large tobacco manufacturer ' s named Hill . The two houses , with their contents , were completely destroyed ; but three the
people , who were the only inmates at the time , were saved by dexterity and courage of the Royal Society ' s fire-escape men . — _ On Sunday evening a collision took place on the Eastern Counties line , near the Tilbury Junction . One train had got partly round the junction , when the other dashed into it , smashing the last carriage ( fortunately empty ) into shivers ; some of the other carriages , filled with passengers , were overturned , and dragged along the line . Almost all the passengers sire injured , but no fatal case is as yet reported . The blame , as usual , is said to rest with the signal-men ; but an inquiry will , of course , take place .
Meetings of sympathisers with the Pope continue to be held in Ireland . At Carlow , on Sunday , the 1 st instant , Dr . Walsh the Roman Catholic Bishop of OssOry presided , when there was some vigorous speech-making , sustained principally by the priests . In the -city of Cork , despite the unsatisfactory state of the law on the point , the inhabitants have determimed on the organization of volunteer rifle and artillery corps ; and On the 2 nd instant , the mayor promised to head the list with-a thousand pounds subscription . Nothing has yet been heai-dof the sheriff elect for the county of Limerick , Hugh Massey Grady , Esq ., who disappeared myste ^ riously three weeks ago . On Ifonday the % nd Ins family offered a reward of £ 50 for information about him . On Wednesday , Jan . A appeared the long-px'Oimsed requisition to Archbishop Cullen , to convene a great pro-papal meeting in Dublin ; it contains 2 , 300 signatures . The Archbishop has fixed Monday next for the assemblage to take place ,
The weekly return of the Registrar-General , published on Tuesday , 3 rd Jan . shows the Public Health to have deteriorated by the late cold ' ¦ . weather , and the following- sudden changes . The rate of mortality hud risen from 1 , 54 . 8 to 1 , 677 , being 221 over the average rate . The number of births during the week was 1 , 958 . On the same day , at a meeting of the parish authorities of St . Pancras , it was stated that smallpox is on the increase there , and measures were ordered with a view to its prevention . The great national movement in favour of Volunteer Corps , continues to increase in popularity and utility . On Monday , 2 nd inst . the various metropolitan companies recommenced their drill .
, which had been interrupted by the week ' s holidays . Working nun are entering freely , and on Tuesday , 3 rd /«¦» ., two new companies 6 f artisans wero reported ready for enrolment in the ancient city of Exeter . On Wednesday , < Uk Jan ., was promulgated a very well digested code of regulations for the officers and men of the London Rifle Brigade , which will serve a ' s a model for other regiments . On Wednesday , also , the Duke of Newcastle made a speech upon tho occasion ot' the formation of a corps at Worksop , which , as coming from the lips of a member of the Cabinet , deserves attention . His grace remarked , that if the Government wore to ask for an incroaHO of tho standing arrnv , that xnight bo construed by foreigners
into an act of hostility ; but no force of volunteers could bo used lor purposes of aggression . " It is , " snid tho Duko , " a movement of solemn importance ; and I hold it as a groat blessing that it has been taken up in so warm n spirit , and I wish it every prosperity . These words may bo considered as representing tho convictions ^ of the Government . Tho Duke wisely recommends tho incorporation of companies into regiments and battalion ? , with tho view of acting efficiently , when brigaded with their follow soldiers . Tho Inst mail from Canada , winch arrived on Wednesday , Jan . d ,, brings the account . of the opening of tho Victoria Kailwny Bridge over tho St . Lftwronco , tho greatest work of Robert fetopheimon . This event < oq 1 c placo on tho 17 th December last ; and at a public rli , mm . wiiiflli fV . llowod . Iho memorv of tho irroat engineer was drunk
in solemn silence . During five nights , altor it had boon opened lor traffic from weHt to oast , there passed 102 . oars , containing il , / M barrels of flour , 1552 barrels of pork , I'M ) bales of cotton , and 110 ions of . general , goods . From east to west there passed WOflnw , containing 133 . 4 , ions of general goods , 170 tons of iron , and 139 , 000 foot of lumber . The grout bulk of the money for this "" doi-tnlcing has boon found by British capitalists , and this magnilioont woik will , there is no doubt , greatly increase tlxo prosperity of Canada . Telegraphic news arrived on Thursday , Jan . 5 , in anticipation of
Jan . 7 ,. 1860 . J The Leader and Saturday Analyst , 21
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 7, 1860, page 21, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2328/page/21/