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the * word angels is equivalent with messengers . It receives illustration from the term servants in the preceding- clause * , and , though the . «? e arr % in the 19 th verse , contrasted with mankind , the poet , however , does not declare that all or most of the intentions
of Providence are executed ** by the ministration of a heavenly hierarchy . " A hierarchy implies a gradation of rank , of which ( whether it exist or not ) we read nothing in these verses . The propriety of the appeal to ch . v . 1 , must be determined by a few
observations , to be made hereafter on the rendering of it . Our public translation has saints , for which Mr-G . substitutes heavenly hosts . The case of ch . xxxiii . 22 , 23 , is the same . Thus it appears that of this gentleman ' s four references the two first
do not reach the extent of his deduction ; while the others admit , and may even be found to require , a translation differing from his own . It is not from Arabian writers , from " the Mahotnmedans in general , " from Christian and still less from
Pagan poets , that such tenets should be taken by believers in revelation We confine ourselves to the question , whether the existence of a heavenly hierarchy be taught by Moses and the prophets , bv Jesus and the apostles ?
It is the province of scriptural criticism to ascertain the ordinary import of a word at the time of its being employed by the sacred writers ; instead of giving it a sense derived from comparatively modern hypotheses , and , as the effect of a false association of
ideas , imagined to be ancient . Assuming the truth of some popular speculations in theology , it will not be difficult for us to conceive of a process of the mind by means of which traces of them shafl seem to occur in
scripture . But the inquiry still remains , whether they are r o propounded there that " he who runs may read 11 them ? What believer in the authority of the New Testament ever spoke of the doctrines of die pardon
of sin upon repentance , the resurrection of the dead , and the future judgment of the world by Jesus Christ as being dimply developed in its books , being deducible , truly [ from its contents ?
These observations are applicable not only to the notion of a heavenly hierarchy > but to that of * ' an apostacy "
among the celestial orders ; which tenet according to Mr . G ., " is derived from two or three passages that may , perhaps , admit of a different explanation . " Whether Satan be introduced , in Ch . i . and ii . as an evil and
apostate spirit , is at least questionable . Upon this subject the translator communicates to us more information than the author of the poem * The Satan of the book of Job , is not the Satan of the Chaldees , * but is represented as a judicial officer in the court of God . After the seventh verse of
the second chapter this being entirely disappears , Mr . Good indeed says , that the opponents of the patriarch " were excited" by " the archdaemon : " on what evidence he builds his assertion , we have yet to learn . If the writer ' s silence is to be thus supplied
by " the coinage" of our Dissertator ' s " brain , " any fancy > vhatever maybe deduced from scripture . Had the poet conceived of Satan as Mr . G-. does , he would have employed language more nearly resembling Mr . G s . When , in the natural order of
our review , we proceed to the remainder of this gentleman ' s volume , we shall with strict impartiality inquire , whether his version of ch * iv 18 . xv . 15 , betray or not any fondness for " systematizing ? " The truth or the falsehood of this doctrine of a defection among the celestial orders , is not now the matter of our
investigation . Our sole purpose is to warn our readers against imagining that it is clearly developed in this poem . In favour of" the doctrine of an universal resurrection and retribution " Mr . Good adduces ch . xiv . 10—15 .
xix . 23—29 . xxi . 28 , 30 . xxxi . 15 , 14 . Of these texts the first is , in our eyes , declaratory of the contrary tenet : nor can the Dissertator enlist it into his service without previously
employing the word renovation instead of change . This passage and the rest of the supposed authorities we will discuss when we advance to his version and his notes . For the
present , we only ask , whether the hypothesis of a future life ' s being : even developed in the book of Job , be not at variance with the scope of the poem , and with its interesting moral > It is curious to notice the mixture of * Einleitung- in das A . T \ von J . G . Eichhorn , 3 rd B < 1 . ( 3 . Ac . ) 592 , 595 .
5 $ Review . —Good's Translation of the Book of Job
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1815, page 52, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1756/page/52/