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respond to widely different prayers on one day of the week , and be equally trust-worthy , useful and amiable the other six . They are , in short , no more atn&b i a standing army ready to take the field whenever it is Judged expedient to raise the ery of" The Church in Panger ; " anti to undertake a € r « sade ^ aMinst misbelievers . *
The real members of the Church of England are divided into three parties ;—the High * Church or Tory party ; the LowfChurch or , Whi g party ; and the-Evangelical or Methodist party . The-High ^ Ghtireh party consists of the old nobility , the land-owners , the upper clergy , country corporations , and the persons in lower rantsywho are Wilder their immediate influence . They are high , however , ortfy because * n&ny 6 f their cont $ Jnppraries are lower ; they themselvesjije ^ ow compared witk Churchmen of former times . Their bond of union is more a political than a religious principle . Numbers of them are known to disapprove of ef
^ me points both faith and discipline in the Establishment ; but they hold that to acquiesce in a certain degree of error is a less evil than schism . The f first object with these , persons is to keep the Church entire , —her emoluments ^ arid dignities seeming in their view to be inseparably linked with her doctrine and Worship . By age , the whole structure , say they , has settled into one firm mass , and the removal of but one stone might unptn the edifice and prepare the way for its downfal . " 'No further reformation" is therefore inscribed
Upon ' their standard— -Nohimus leges mutari . At the same time , they are not persecutors . They would not abridge , though they are unwilling to extend toleration . . Theyare * indeed , habitual believers in the wisdom of government , ( at least , when the government appears , from symptoms which custom has enabled them to interpret with a sort of instinctive sagacity and accuracy , likel y to be permanent , ) and may not oppose or may grudgingly support 3
primes-minister when he is induced , for whatever reasons , to lessen the number or mitigate the severity of penal laws relating to conscience . The more zealous and consistent of this party shout i $ the same breath , " No Popery , " and " No Dissent ; " but a considerable number of them indul ge the natural Tory predilection for the Roman Catholics , and have lately joined with the liberal Churchmen in their votes on the Catholic Question .
This measure has introduced a principle of division in the party which may finally work its dissolution . Amongst this section of the Church are to be found the thorough-going believers who hold with equal faith the Thirtytfkie Articles and the four Gospels , the Creed of St . Athanasius and the Apostles' Belief : but , as was before intimated , a high-churchman may trust
himself with certain liberal notions that do not affect the ritual , the discipline and the temporal authority of the Church , as one of the Estates of the realm , and may be careless of heresy , provided there be no schism . 'Archbishop Laud was the uniform , patron or the Latitqdinarian divines of his day , such ^ Chillingworth , Hales and Jasper Mayne ; and , some living prelates might be named who are quoted in support both of doctrinal heterodoxy
1 ' " ' ¦¦* "r "t " : ' " " ~ " ¦ ' — " ——¦—' ' - , ' * " »¦'"¦¦¦ "' 1 * The writer believes that In no circumstances whatever could a religious-mob be now raised in England . The cry of " No Popery" was set up in vain at the late Election ; or if it had any influence it was upon well-dress 0 d voters , distinguished either for ' political subserviency or for religious fanaticism . On no occasiou , indeed , is violence the order of the day with the multitude . Their discontents escape through the safety-valve of the press . The patience with which in some districts they have borne the unexampled privations of the last twelve months ; is decisive and Miftecting evidence of their improved temper and character .
¦ On the State of Religious Parties in England . 3
1 b 2
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1827, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1792/page/3/