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Art . I . —A Critical Essay on the Gospel of St . Luke , by Frederick Schleiermacher . With an Introduction by the Translator , containing un Account of the Controversy respecting the Origin of the Three First Gospels since Bishop Marsh ' s Dissertation . London , 1825 . The author of the work which stands at the head of this article was scarcely known even by name to English readers before the appearance of this translation , but the high reputation which he enjoys among his country * men would sufficiently justify us in calling their early attention to the first work of his , which has' been rendered accessible to those who are not
conversant with German literature . We may , perhaps , be excused if we preface our examination of his Essay with a few particulars of the life and writings of this eminent man . Dr . Schleiermacher is a native of Silesia , and we believe passed through the earliest stages of his education in a seminary of the United Brethren , but
withdrew from this connexion when about twenty years of age , and went ( in 1787 ) to complete his literary and theological studies at the University of Halle . He received ordination in 1794 , and after filling some subordinate stations in the church , came to Berlin in 1796 , as preacher at the great infirmary of that city , and began his career as an author by a translation of the last volume of Blair ' s Sermons , and afterwards of those of Fawcett . As
a pulpit orator he soon became distinguished by his astonishing command of extemporaneous language , as remarkable for precision , purity and elegance as extemporaneous preaching commonly is for the opposites of these qualities . The bent of his mind is eminently philosophical , and during his first residence at Berlin , the study of philosophy , especially of ancient philosophy , appears to have engaged his attention more than biblical criticism . In conjunction with Frederic Schlegel , he had projected a complete translation of the works of Plato , whom he enthusiastically admired , but his
colleague having abandoned the task , Schleiermacher undertook it alone , and , between 1804 and 1817 , published in five volumes nearly all those parts which contain the speculative philosophy of Plato . The successful execution , of such a task required a profound thinker and an accomplished scholar , and by the union of these qualifications in an extraordinary degree , Schleiermacher is admitted to have given to Germany , what no other modern literature possesses , an adequate representation of the wisdom and eloquence of the founder of the Academy . In 1804 , he removed to Halle , as University preacher and professor of theology ; but he had not long exercised his functions here , when the calamitous results of the war between Prussia and
France first drove the professors from their homes , and afterwards occasioned the dissolution of the University . In the interval between this event and the establishment of the University of Berlin ^ he appeared as a public lecturer in that city , and was soon appointed to one of its churches . The period of calamity and oppression through which his native country passed , till the failure of Napoleon ' s expedition to Russia , afforded to Schleiermacher a noble opportunity for the display of his patriotic energy . When the progress of events indicated that the lime drew near which would call the youth of Prussia again to struggle for freedom , not even the presence of the French
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Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1827, page 33, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1792/page/33/