On this page
- Text (2)
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
never was in earnest in repressing the abuses of which it is clear how that it was well aware . One bright example of excellent discipline , unwearied diligence , strict morals , humanity , judgment , and zeal , he continually dwells upon in the conduct and plans of the company of Jesuits , as opposed to all the other orders ;
and it is only of a piece with the rest of the policy of the Spanish government , that it could not tolerate in its dominions even one body of persons apparently disposed to do its duty , but seized , plundered , and expatriated those who appear to have been , not only almost the only conscientious instructors of youth , and missionaries , and civilizers of the Indians , but to have been the most valuable subjects in the protection and extension of the
civil interests of the government . The removal of this body is considered one of the most effectual causes of the gradual decay and final dissolution of
the European interests in South America . One never-failing cause of anarchy and division was the distinction which the pride of the Spaniards created between European blood and that which had any tincture of the Indian . The stop which the emancipation of these countries has put to the perpetual importation among them of adventurers of the Spanish unmixed blood , must soon remove this cause of distinction , and will contribute more than any thing to the union of interests and equality in the administration of the laws . The religious establishments
will be purified by the same cause . Whatever is- set apart for their maintenance will be so applied , instead of swelling the fortunes of needy and profligate men seeking to enrich themselves in a foreign land . The influence which the moiher country gave to these objects of general execration is now removed . The tendency is to lessen the power and emoluments of the priesthood ; and there can be little doubt but that here , as well as elsewhere , there will be a correspondent increase in their conscientious discharge of their duty , and in their consequent usefulness and moral excellence .
Art . II . —77 te Ecclesiastical History of the Second and Third Centuries , illustrated from the Writings of Tertullian . By John , Bishop of Bristol , [ Lincoln , ] &c .
( Continued from p . 273 . ) Resuming an examination of this excellent and important work , we enter upon the fourth chapter , in which the learned author , following the arrangement of Mosheim , proceeds " to inquire what information can be derived from Tertullian respecting the government and discipline of the church in his day . " Near the conclusion of his " Apology , " we find the Presbyter of Carthage thus stating the nature and purposes of the Christian assemblies :
" We form , " he says , " a body ; being joined together by a community of religion , of discipline , and of hope . In our assemblies we meet to offer up our united supplications to God—to read the Scriptures—to deliver
exhortations—to pronounce censures , cutting off , from communion in prayer , and in every holy exercise , those who have been guilty of any flagrant offence . The < lder members , men of tried piety and prudence , preside ; having obtained the dignity , not by purchase , hut by acknowledged merit . If any collection is made at our meetings , it is perfectly voluntary ; each contributes according to his ability , either monthly , or as often as he pleases . These contributions
352 Rdmett . —Dr . K < tye > 8 Ttrtullwn .
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), May 2, 1827, page 352, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1796/page/40/