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nions . Th 6 violeiit friends of civil &nd religious liberty have done more injury to \ the caiise than * all its open enemies . Men of strong minds * such as Dr . P . and Mr . B . <
. may proceed to the verge of christiairity and there slop , but experience has sheivia that young persons cannot be conducted thither with equal safety . to
B&t what appear ^ e raise d my friend ' s indignation to the highest pitch , is the declaration tvhith I made respecting his favourite doctrine of necessity ,- that if it be true we deceive ourselves
aod are deceived by our Maker . The expression is strong , but I do not perceive that it is invalidated by any thing which he has ad ' ^ vanced . What is the cause of self-condemnation but the persuasion that we could have-acted
differently , all those circumstances being the same which did not depend on ourselves r And has not our Maker so formed us that we cannot avoid this self-condem * . nation ? Mr . B . says the necessarian contends that no one can perform a voluntary action with * , out a motive , and that it is not in his power to chuse differently \ vith < $ fet altering his mind . I con *
tend for the same , therefore sb 4 ki we may shake hands' . ¦ •; But iii # ifieftd exults and triumphs in tw& grand metaphysical argument For ne ^ p ity . " It is a contradiction that * contingent actions c 3 . 11 bi ^ f foreknown , ' but God 1 foreknow ^
all actions , therefore rib atHons are contingent / 1 ' This argum ^ ht riry frieiid repre -i sents as the- horns of a dilemma tin Svhich I imist writhe and smart
without relief / unless I accept of his proferred aid . Bjtt I do riot find myself in this deplorable situ ± ation , and if I did , I should flot bo very willing to accept of his profi f ^ red Assistance ^ for I should then fiind myself on the horns of a di- ^
lemma , that would gore frie much deeper , viz . To ptinish persons for what they could riot avoid com * m it ting is unjust ; but God wil 1 punish sinners Fotf those crimes which they could not avoid committing , itthe : doctrhie qf necessity be true ; therefore either Gdd fe
uiyust } or the doctrine of necessity isl false . I bad written something further on this subject , but it is tiipe for me to conclud $ | witfi siib * scribihg myself Your obedient Servant ^ B- CARPEMTER ^
9 ^ J $ ? ii < & of OArkilan ^^ before the Council of $$ icei
EXTRACT VVLQW . FEOFE 8 SOR ^^ ILTLEr / S u ^ LliMENTS OF ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY * " Result of the History of the Period preceding the Cotfncil of NiceV in regard to the Effect produced by Christianity on the moral and intellectual Condition of Mankind at large ; frorxi ** Elements of Ecclesiastical History , by L . T . Sp ^ ltler / ' Professoi ? of Philosophy at Gottingen , 1791 .
rIfhe most difficult question still remains , if iiuteccl it h $ a question whkSli historical investigation can ever decide , WJiat did mankind giUa by the whole of
this revolution ? Did the njetv society make those who entered it eitMneiuiy bQ ttermea ? Did it im ' - prove the condition eveii of thos «( who were act its meiftb ^ rs 5
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Feb. 2, 1808, page 72, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2389/page/16/