On this page
- Departments (1)
- Text (3)
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
letters by the Earl of Northampton and Bishop Compton . [ Communicated by Mr . Rutt . ] Sir , Clapton , Sept , 1 , 1817 . T H / 1 HE enclosed papers are copies of JL two letters which appear to have
been written by two public men , who flourished during very different periods of the English history . I have compared the copies with the M . SS . in the British Museum . They are correct , and , so far as 1 know , have
never been printed . The first , which describes an affecting and humiliating close of a courtier ' s prosperous life , was " communicated to the Rev * Dr . Birch , in a letter from Mr . M . Lori Trin . Coll .
Camb . Dec . 2 , 1764 , being [ copied from ] one of 22 M . S . Letters , by Northampton , there . " It is described as " written with a shaking hand , and endorsed JE . of Northampton to mijself ;
Ld . N . ' s seal on it , and thus superscribed : To theFL honorable my special good Lord the Erie of Somerset of his Majesty ' s Privy Council . " JBibL Birch . 4312 .
jL he writer of this letter was Henry Howard , created by King James , in 16 O 8 , Earl of Northampton , the youngest of the two sons of Henry , Earl of Surry , whose execution was
an atrocity which the first Defender of the Faithy just survived to perpetrate . That Earl is described by Wood as " the learnedest among the nobility , and the most noble among the learned . " His conviction , at Guildhall , on a
most frivolous accusation , strikingly displays the too frequent example of a servile jury , beguiled by legal subtleties , or misled by the plausible directions of a courtly judge .
It was in 1546 , only nine days be ^ fore the King ' s death , that the Earl of Surry was thus judicially murdered , at about twenty-six years of age , when this son must have been an infant .
Of Lord Howard ' s attainments in early life , Lloyd says , that he ' * was as serious a student in King ' s College and Trinity Hall in Cambridge , as a discerning observator in Rome and Florence and Italy ; " and that u his Defensative against the supposed Poyson of Prophecies , dedicated to Sir Francis
Walsingham , bespeaks him a great and general scholar . " ( State Worthies ' , 1670 , p . 780 . ) f find the following quotation from that book , soon after its publication : " It is no marvel that when the familiars that speak in trunks , were repelled from their harbour , for fear of
discovery , the blocks almighty lost their senses . " Scofs Discoverie of Witchcraft , 1584 , B . viii . C . vi . It is remarkable , that one who could thus expose
the pious frauds of the Pagan priesthood , should have adhered , as he appears to have done , through life , though covertly , to the unreformed religion of his ancestors in which he had been educated . Lord Howard ' s
Defensative is also mentioned by Spenser , on Vulgar Prophecies . Wood says of him , that " though he was not respected by Queen Elizabeth , yet he wrote a learned book , entitled , An Apology for the Government of Women , which is in M . S . in Bodley ' s library . " A . O . Fasti' 1 . 730 . Lord
Orford attributes to him " a specyal prayer to God the Father , the fyrst persone in Trynetye , made and practised by the Lord Hen rye Howard , Erie of Northamptone . " When the crafty courtier Cecil , afterwards Earl of Salisbury , would
ingratiate Jiimselfwith James , by promoting his succession to the Crown of England , Lord Howard was engaged , in 1601 , to manage the intrigue with the King of Scots , and his agents , the Earl of Mar and Mr . Bruce . The correspondence Was published in 1766 , by Sir David Dalrymple . Lord
Orford complains of Lord Howard ' s intricate style , which , probably , might have been designedly obscure . His flattery of James is quite intelligible ^ On that King ' s accession , in 1603 , he had his reward . The anonymous author of Truth brought to Light , or the History of the first fourteen Years of King James / . says , he , " by the persuasion of the King , changeth Wis opinion of religion , in outward appearance j and to the intent to reap unto himself more honours , became a
Protestant , for which cause he was created Earl of Northampton , and had the King ' s favour bountifully bestowed
ORIGINAL LETTERS .
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Sept. 2, 1817, page 517, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2468/page/5/