On this page
- Text (2)
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
T assumed * feutkinvolves another assumption wMch sets at defianqe what have hitherto b § en thought the most certain conclusions of the human mind . •« I will now say one word respecting the moral consequences which are
supposed to follow from the doctrine of Necessity . The ifiost formidable qf these is ,, that it annihilates the accountableness of-man , and renders him an unfit subject of reward and punishment . I shall consider the difficulty as pressing entirely on the side of
punishmenj , and shall observe , that as , according to ^ the Necessitarian system , Jmnishment can operate , on the state of the mind , it may with tl ^ e greatest propriety be applied . But if man had within Ihirn such a capi'icious principle as a self-determining power , the
application of punishment would be improper , because it tvould be useless . What , indeed , has been called vindictive punishment , the doctrine of Necessity does exclude ; but this , instead of beiiig
an objection to the doctrine , is one of its recommendations . Vindictive punishment , it is true , cannot be defended upon any system ; but upon the principles of the Necessitarian it is manifestly and palpably absurd .
It will easily be perceived that I have not written for those who are altogether strangers to the controversy , nor for those who thoroughly understand the subject ; but , i ^ s I intimated above , for those who have conceived that it
cannot be thoroughly understood . And if the light in which it has now been placed shall render it more intelligible to any who have hitherto thoi * ght it obscure and intricate , my end will be answered . *
E . COGAN . P . S . I am aware that I have written jmueh more 'th ® n was necessary ; , but the supposed c ^ tftculty of the s ubj ec t seemed to require that it " should be treated somewhat rat length . Otherwise ~ the argument ( like most other arguments ) iies in a small compass . The Neceasifcwaai ; ^ volition necessarily results from $ hle stat £ of imintl miwhi ^ d . the volition stakes plaee . i W * 6 opponent , to set aside this proposition , contends for a s ^ U ~ deternilmjra power afftUee ^ Hi ieat Ociu ^ e
df volition ? Here a simple question pre 3 ents / i ^ eAf . Qan j&e miadj ^/ t ^ is *** ' tiMg . 9 fiyMffltf j ' & mrtom jfe ^ liiigv ^ r <«« podftton itbftt jprompt ^ th ^ vpliuou ?
* Fact , to j which even a self-determijijjig power injust bow , will answer , Certainl y not . Consequently it cannot will against the state or disposition in which it is at any given time . And here , were impartial reason to decide * the controversy must end .
¦ « , . . ""¦•» ¦ - - % Archbishop TUldison ' s Proftme Adulation . \ , * . 1 / 1
SfR , AIM no infrequent reader of the I English Divines of the Latitudina riaii school / of whom Tillotson m ^ y be considered as the head , and I , profess myself an admirer of the author last named , whom Dr . . Lardner somewhere justly quotes , under the epithets of
< c a good man and a great preacher /* But I confess there are passages in his works , and incidents in his lne , . which grieve me , * and would puzzle me if I did not know the sad influence of dignities , possessed or expected , in
pofitical churches , upon the soimdest understandings and best hearts . No ' lover of liberty can recollect , without a sigh , that he and Burnet tampered with the conscience of the martyred Russell , in order to bewilder him into a dying confession of the abominable doctrine of passive obedience and
non-resi&t-ance . * His " rare piece of Hobbism' * is already explained on your pages , ( Vol . III . p . 148 , ) but as he repented of that pulpit indiscretion , it ought not to be severely urged against his memory . There is a still worse instance of his yielding to the iniquity of the times , which I cannot forbear to point out . I do so , I am sure , with no wish to hurt his excellent name , but merely to sluew in wliat manner the licentiousness of a court may infect , the pulpit , even when most worthily filled , and how offensive to posterity , if not to contemporaries , are all accommodations o £ righteous principles to corrupt political maxims .
Tiliotson ' s Sermon CXCVI ( Svo , edition of his Works , Vol . X ,. p . 267 ) is on <* Our Saviour ' s Ascension , "
preached on Ascension-day , vvhicA happened to be on the 29 th of M # , y , ^ he , Church festival in celebration * pf OhwJes Ilnd ^ s ile ^ toiration . After rejadi ^ g his * . ¦
* In extenuation of ^ rillotson ' s , conduct it should be remem ^ eiM that he [ haapeid , fay ^ extortfejtg ; a ^ political confc ^ riionffeqtiii thord UmmJl ^ tb ^ t , § hoiild fee >^ g » 5 e ^ iyte | to theiCo ^ r ^ tPHPa ^ e ^ rlife . ^ B *?* - (!
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1820, page 11, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2484/page/11/