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above mediocrity . He frequently talk * of going into Europe , but apparently ; considers it desirable first to mollify so far the prejudices of Ids countrymen , th $ t he may not by that voyage , which is regarded as unlawful , expose himself to . excommunicataon . It is very doubtful whether ke will succeed in this attempt ; the hope , however , which he cherishes , is a decided proof of the character of his mind . It may here % e remarked , that almost every man who has done more in this world than
come into life * exist a time , and die , h&s proposed to himself some object of this nature ; not chimerical , yet distant and difficult of attainment , which may continually impel him to exertion , support him through , his arduous career with the ennobling conviction of not living in yain , and invigorate him , and charm away the pain of occasional disappointments , with the certainty of leaving at least some worthy object of pursuit for a future generation . It is singular that this philosophic Indian , who , as has been shewn in this
little sketch , has enlarged views respecting the amelioration of the men of his country , has not the least idea of improving the females ; of whom he avoids even the mention . We must suppose that this sort of prejudice , inspired by the Shasters , though
general amongst the Hindoos , has been perpetuated in so enlightened a mind only by the circumstances of Rammohuut Roy ' s domestic life : it is known that every member of his family verifies the proverb , by opposing with the greatest vehemence all his projects of reform . None of them , not even his
wife , would accompany him to Calcutta ; in consequence of which , he rarely visits them in Bordouan , where they-reside , They have disputed with
him ; even the' superintendence of the education of his nephews ; and his far naticai mother MBhewe as much ardour in heit incessant Opposition to him , as he displays in liisi attempts to destroy the idolatry of the Hindoos ; ' < f Calcuttay Nov . % > 1818-. / ' < ; s
usag ^; obtains , an exteni ^ y ^ circulati < m has been given to this little anonyHaoto tract , whose author is undoubtedly Rammohun Roy . His ; & « me is in the title-page of > ttoe other writings about to be- mentioned , published in Ben-, galee and Hindoostanee , and then in English t & all of ttaa » his obgect isr to combat the polytheism ( of - hte eoualaymen firdm their sacred books : to
convince them of t&efimity ofrGod * afcd to detach them friim ^ idolatry * < aad from the ^ prejudiced tof ^ the castes ^ * The first of these is entitled ' < Translation -of the Ishopauishad , one of the
Chapters of tfce Yajur Veda ; which proves the Unity and I » eompFeheam ^ bility of God , &c By Rammohsn Roy , 8 vd . Calcutta . 1816 . " Theire is a long and well-written preface to this tract . The author puts under
requisition the sacred books which ccmtain the doctrines , the history , and the literature of the Hindoos , the Veds 9 and all the writings of the most celebrated authors , the Puranas , the Tun * tras 9 and the Shasters ; and , by a great variety of quotations , proves that they have all admitted the unity of God .
Some of these works , indeed , appear to contradict themselves , by speaking of many gods and goddesses y buU this is reconciled by their declaring frequently that homage paid , to material beings is allowable only for persons incapable of elevating their minds to the idea © f a supreme , invisible Being 5 that this mode of worship , gross as it
is , maytform a bridle to vicious desires , but } hafc idolatry should be despised b y all whose understanding is more cutot vated . . •' ' '; Many well-informed Brahmins are convinced of > the absuidity of paly theism ; but its rites and festivals being
a source of wealth to them , a meana of turning the credulity , ^ h £ weakness add the : patience , of the . Hindodsf to their own profit ,. they desire nofr $ o p » t an e * nd / to superstitionV ^ . on the coii ^ ti ^ , t ^ y « m ^ umge it , aud keep thw p € iopl& (< £ rbm ^ tke knowledge of thck truth . JTheir adherents also feel © atiis
fiiction iwDhe idea that the divine pfitllM dwells in liviiig men , whom they tr ^ xsform into gods ^ yet that they resemble other men in their birth , outward ap ^ peanance and . * passionB ^ . ' This false notion , plfeafcSBJBf / ^ ^ fe rj ^ m ^^^ atanietiye of the ^ principlee 5 of iwopaiity . A Rmd 6 o ^ rho makes or fpUrchaie « ii
4 Some Account of the Life an 4 \ f ^^^ s o / Ra ^ n ^ hun ## &
Amongst the worka sent over from BfiBWsd is aniEnffliahttenelation ^ printed in December 1818 , of a confei « nce , originally written in Bungla , against the jcustom of biuwng widows' alive On toe funeral pile of thiir busbande . In the fcountiicis in wMtih that detestatoie
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1820, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2484/page/4/