On this page
- Text (2)
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
profit or honour , who is not a member of some church or profession , having his name recorded in some one , and but one religious record at once . " Thus in Carolina , under a proprietary government so constituted , it would become the imperative duty of tbe executive ( for there is no hint of a discretionary power ) not only to declare incapable
" of any place of profit or honour , " but to banish from the colony , as " unfit to have any estate or habitation within it , " or " any benefit or protection of the law , " certain delinquents . These were , every Quaker or other religionist who scrupled "to bear witness , " on oath , in auy " sensible way : " every one who neglected publicly to profess theism ,
whether a sceptic , who might be decorously silent on bis want of faith , or a solitary worshiper , like Milton , in his latter years , or like Wakefield , who could justly describe " musing with the meu of Galilee" as his favourite occupation : and every youth , though among the fairest hopes of his country , who might hesitate , perhaps with anxious
solicitude , to resolve on the important decision which would give " all the colour of remaining life . " Such , in their proper operation , were some of " the fundamental Constitutions of Carolina , " promulgated in 1669 ; and at length abrogated , according to . Adams , ( on the American Constitutions , ) after twenty years of troublesome experiment .
During those years Locke had escaped from a connexion , scarcely worthy of the philosopher , with the corrupt and profligate Shaftesbury , and had , no doubt , greatly corrected his earlier apprehensions as to the true ends and the wise policy of government . Thus , when commencing his argument " concerning
Toleration , " he declares " it the duty of the civil magistrate , by the impartial execution of equal laws , to secure unto all the people in general , and to every one of his subjects in particular , the just possession of the things belonging to thin life , " and " that the whole jurisdiction of the magistrate reaches only to these civil concernments . "
Yet I am sorry to recollect that Locke appears to the last to have exercised a judgment far inferior to that of Lord Bacon , according to his well known opinion , since worthily adopted , especially by Priestley , on the question whether a profession of atheism be justly liable to the cognizance and censure of the civil power . in the former Series ( II . 83 ) 1 had occasion to describe the Constitutions with reference to an important measure
agitated in Parliament m 1807 . On that occasion a learned law Lord professed to have found in Locke a brother-advocate for negro-slavery , gratified , no doubt , as a rare occurrence , to adduce such an authority for any of those restraints and oppressions which , when consecrated by time and matured into " the wisdom of our ancestors , " have too often secured his Lordship ' s patronage , either on or off the woolsack .
J . T . RUTT . P . S . The Constitutions , Nos . 84 and 87 , contain the following very judicious regulations : " There shall be a registry in every signiory , barony , and colony , wherein shall be recorded all the births , marriages , and deaths .
" No marriage shall be lawful , whatever contract and ceremony they have used , till both the parties mutually own it before the register of the place where they were married , and he register it with the names of the father and mother of each party . "
Since I mentioned the marriage ordinance of 1653 , in my former letter , I have observed it thus uncourteou sly assailed by that zealous adherent of Church and King , James Ho well , in his Letters ( 1754 ) , p . 499 : * ' For home news , the freshest is that whereas , in former times , there were
complaints that churchmen were justices of peace ; now the clean contrary way , Justices of peace are become churchmen ; for by a new act of that thing in Westminster called a Parliament , the power of giving in marriage is passed over to them , which is an ecclesiastical rite every where else throughout the world .
" A Cavalier coming lately to a bookseller ' s shop , desired to buy this matrimonial act , with the rest of that Holy Parliament ; but he would have them all bound in calf s leather , bought out of Mr . Barbone ' s shop in Fleet Street . Nov . 9 , 1653 . "
Howell was incorrect as to marriage being universally " an ecclesiastical rite , " if , as most probable , it was then regulated in Holland according to Mr . Granger ' s description .
On the Neglect of the Scripture * . To the Editor . 44 1 have but one book , " said Collins , " but that is the best . " —Johnson ' s Lives of the Poets . Sir , Among the peculiarities by which the present day is distinguished from all
714 Occasional Correspondence .
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Oct. 2, 1828, page 714, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2565/page/58/