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the condition of the whole human species shall be permanently bettered , by bringing iuto exercise a sufficient quantity of sober thought , and by a proper adaptation of means , is of itself sufficient to set us earnestly on reflecting what euds are truly great and iiohle , either in themselves , or as cou 4 ucive to others of a still loftier character : because we are
not now , as heretofore , hopeless of attaining them . It is not now equally harmless and insiguificant , whether we are right or wrong ; since we are no longer supinely and helplessly carried down the stream of events , but feel ourselves capable of buffeting at least with its waves , and perhaps of riding
triumphantly over them ; for why should we despair that the reason which has enabled us to subdue all nature to our purposes , should ( if permitted and assisted by the providence of God ) achieve a far more difficult conquest , and ultimately find some means of enabling the collective wisdom of mankind to bear down
those obstacles which individual shortsightedness , selfishness , and passion , oppose to all improvements , and by which the highest hopes are continually blight ed , and the fairest prospects marred ?"Pp . 72—74 .
Art . IX . — Observations on the Duty on Sea-borne Coal , and on the pe culiar Duties and Charges on Coal in the Port of London Longman In a hard winter , or indeed in any winter , charitable people give coals to the poor . It is to be lamented thar the
connexion between charity and coals should stop there . But our English benevolence is very much afflicted with shortsightedness . If the author of this pamphlet should succeed in his purpose , he will have done more towards warming the population of London than all the donors of coals now in existence . Let
our metropolitan readers attend to hia facts and calculations . There can be no good reason why Newcastle coals should cost more in London thau they are sold for in Egypt .
Art . X—The Mord and Political Evil 8 of the ' 1 awes on Knowledge . Eftingham Wilson . A threepenny Tract to be given away , but not without being read . It contains the report and petition oC a meeting at which Dr . S . Smith presided last year ; a letter from the Editor of the
Scotsman ; and an abstract of the Parliamentary return * of newspaper stamps and the advertisement dnty ; presenting altogether a mass of very interesting information to those who are not indifferent whether they live in an enlightened or in au only semi-civilized community . The press , and especially the
periodical press , is the real schoolmaster of the present day ; but instead iA being " abroad , " he cannot stir out without being taxed for every step he takes . Our newspapers , daily and weekly , might be , and ought to be , the vehicles , to all classes , of valuable information and sound instruction . Taxation makes them
a monopoly , requiring the investment of large capital , and , of course , managed with a view to the receipt of large profits rather than to the dissemination of just principles . The most widely-circulated of them are obviously made to sell , and are ever ready to minister to any prejudice which is popular . Look at Frau . ce >
look at Paris aijd its inhabitants , where a revolution is less to be dreaded than a riot in London . The superiority which must be conceded , is chiefly owing to the better footing on which their newspapers are placed . They are conducted by men of talent and principle , who , whether their opinions be right or wrong , yet have at heart the dissemination of
knowledge and of truth . In America ^ yery religious body has its newspaper ; most of them have several . Here , the Methodists manage to keep one afloat ; the Evangelical Church party , with its allies in the Dissenters , another ; and the Independents have a third , which has been foundering from the very commencement of its voyage . Science , Taste , Literature , Political and Moral Philosophy , all might , be put within the
reach of the great body of the people , in the most attractive form , but for this worst species of Taxation . Much might be done without diminishing the Revenue at all . Thus much , at least , we are entitled to expect from the present administration . They ought to do more . And it in not improbable that the Treasury would very soou be not at all the poorer for the total ieliiiqui » hinent of the stamp and advertisement duty . The latter has an effect on which the man of
busine ** should rix his attention . ' * There are ueaiiy a half more advertisements in the twelve daily papers of New York than in all the 400 papers of Britain and Ireland , including the 16 daily journals of London . " ( P . 13 . ) Allowing for the difference of population and other material considerations , " tt would be no exatr-
122 ONtWfd Notices . — Miscellaneous
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Feb. 2, 1831, page 122, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2594/page/50/