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of proud or sordid factions . England had to wait , and suffer sore disgrace , until a new and nobler principle of resistance was matured ,, when the battle for humanity , which had been fought and lost by Enthusiasm and Physical Force , should be again waged by Popular Intelligence .
The most glorious victory ever achieved by this principle was the reinstatement of the Grey Ministry in office , in May , 1832 . Never was triumph more pure or perfect . The Court , the Peers , the Tories , all were at the feet of the People , —the peaceful , forbearing , trusting , generous , determined people . At that moment , all reform needful for keeping down sinister interests , and securing the public interest , seemed practicable , certain , and rapidly to be realized . From that moment the tide has ebbed .
To confirm the people ' s triumph , even for a brief space , a large creation of peers was essential . To carry the Reform Bill in any other way , was to forfeit much of the advantage to be expected from its enactment . The new peers eventually , or at any rate their heirs , would no doubt have fraternized with the old ones . Still some time would have been gained for unchecked popular legislation ; and that time , well employed , might have provided
against future revulsion . By what infatuation , or what treachery was it , that this golden opportunity was lost ? What could induce the Whigs to consent to pass the Bill by an irregular influence , and thus leave themselves and the Reformed Commons crippled by an unreformed peerage ? They were sure of a lower House in accordance with their professed principles ; it was ( at that moment ) in their option whether the upper House should be friendly or hostile ; and they acquiesced in its remaining hostile . Hence , ever since , they have been pleading that their measures do not go so far as they wish ; so far , that is , as in their own opinion the public interest requires ; because they are only able to carry them in an imperfect form . They left , intact , an opposing power , with which they have incessantly been compelled to compromise , and which has occasionally beaten them in order to show its strength .
At the same time , with marvellous inconsistency , they have resisted all propositions for augmenting the people ' s influence in the Legislature . They will not become yet stronger in the Commons , stronger for all reforming purposes , and so put an end to compromising with the Lords . According to them , the country must remain content with such mutilated measures as will he
allowed by an anti-liberal peerage . That the new House of Commons has hitherto supported Ministers in this temporizing and compromising course , is the worst feature of the present times . On that House rest the hopes of the community for a peaceful and continued amelioration of the condition of its members . If having ceased to exist merely by the nomination of the peerage , it should spontaneously , or by the influence of Ministers , become the mere organ of the will of the
Forwards or Backwards ? &
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1834, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2629/page/3/