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PKOCBtSS OF DEtKOBlAUSIKG
Jwt Published, Second Edition, corrected emd enlarged, Price 2s.,
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INFORMATION relative to NEW ZEALAND * 1 compiled for the USE OF COLONISTS , By JOHN WARD , Esq ., - Secretary to the New Zealand Company . Contents . ^ Description of Nevr Zealand , —Rivers and Harbours . —Climate and Soil . —Natural Prbduotions . —The Native Inhabitants . —Their Disposition towards British Settlers . —Existing State of Inter-
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIO . WITH THB J 5 TEW MORAL WORLD , OF SATURDAY NEXT , FEBRUARY 8 th , 1840 , Will be Published , A SUPPIiSI ^ tT . pONTAINING the whole of the Debate , in th » \ J the House of Lords , on Socialism ; and Ooservations thereon , by the Editor , in reply to the Charges of the Bishop of Exeter . Price , with Supplement , Threepence . 24 Large Quarto Pages . Leeds : J . Hobson , 5 , Market Street ; Manchester : A- Heywood , Oldham Street ; London : J . . Cleave , 1 , Shoe Lane , Fleet airctit .
: C Continued fivm Mr Seventh peje . ) ieopy ef the indictmentTwhich in these cues vna done ten days before arraignment , and the list of witnesses was wired ten days before trial , in conformity -with the Act of Anne . So that both statutes ha 3 been complied with- He admitted that when tfce words of the Legislature were clear and explicit , the consequences emit be disregarded . Lord Abinger said , that suppose Peel'i Act had keen more explicit , and be stated that the list of witnesses should be delivered as required by the ttstute of Anne , would that be before , arraignment fit-trial ! ^ Tb » Atioraoy-General—Before trial , eertainly ; because Peel ' s Act made a distinction between trial aad arraignment . Mr . Baron Alderson supposed the object of Peel ' s Act was to ret rid of the inconvenience which had beta feit in Lord George Gordon ' s case , and was merely » legislative exposition of what had been held , that arraignment meant trial .
The Attorney-General hardly considered so , because the Aet drew a distinction between trial and Kfralgnment . Lord Abinger thought the intention was merely toTemore some ambiguity with regard to the Etauite of Anne . The Att-jrney-General from the whole gathered that the Legislature deemed simultaneous service Hnneeefrgarr . Where an act admitted of tyro eoastruetions , and one carried ont the general intentions of the act , and the other did not , rarely tbe argument of public convenience was a very powerful one . Suppose a case in which the poict ivas exhausted , it had been said that the Court could « ua * h the indictment .
Mr . Baron Alderson—What was 4 o preTent the preferring a new indietment when the other waa pending ? The Attorney-General—Justice might be defeated ; » d just consider the advantage v > the Crown if , alter having served a fresh copy of the indictment aa atteoda& jtist of the witnesses might haTe been tarvedjfrjgta ^ u would be an immense disadvantage J * tisefs&M&tr . Now , nnder his construction , of the Aet the prisoner wonld hare all the advantage of theamended list of jurors , "while the Crown would be bound by its original list of witnesses . His learned friends who were opposed to him were aware of the difficulties by which they wero surroanded , and had >^ one so far as to contend that there could be no waiver whatever . The word
" waiTer was not a good one : but the question was , whether , having omitted to object at a particular time to the irregularity , the Court were not bound to presume that everything had been done regn arly . Due of the most important provisions of the Act was , that the prisoner should have a copy of the indictment . According to his learned friends , this was an advantage he could not waive ; but in Rookwoods case that Tery point had been decided , and it was decided that the objection of it was not made at the time ; the prisoner was called on to plead came too late . Any objection that could not be made before pleading , of course must be so made . But it would
be a proper analogy to call for pleading , that he had not been served with lists of jurv or copy of iudictxneot . Was it not absurd to say that any time before verdict the prisoner csuld claim his acquittal on \ he IJroand of some before unnoticed flaw in the copy of mdjciment , or defect in the lists . Objections to particular witnesses , or particular detects ia the ost , could not be properly nrged before pleading , or until the witness was called . But objections which ¦ went to the whole lists thonld be taken at the earliest Btage . There was no flrca in the statement , which wa 3 indeed quito unfounded , but Counsel were not unusually present at
arraignment . Mr . Justice Coleridge—Suppose the jndge forced mm to plead ! The Attorney-General said he r . ever could suppose a Judge bo igiiomn of the law , tut thai would be no mistrial . The laws presumes that Judges acting on matters within their jurisdiction , would act according to law . Would it not be a perversion , of justice for aprisoner , after throwing himself upon his Jury % o bring forward as a substantive defence that the ¦ write had cot been proper ' y delivered from some flight technical irregularuy . If the oljtction were nrged bef » r « s pleading , no such public inconvenience would arise , as to the result of his being permitted thus to turn a shield into a eword . How eonld it be
said tnat any dargerous consequence wou : d result from the Crown postponing trials unjustlv , when on the habeas corpus the prisoner might be " discharged after the first and second assizes had past . And in the meantime the Aitoruey-General , who should have so misconducted himself , might justly be dismissed upon impeachment . The Learned 4 ; : orney-Geneial referred to Rix v . Ward , Sixth Modern Reports and Goddard and Smith , ia the « a «* e volume . He arjjued that the inference _ was , that things to be doae before trial , must be demanded before trial , and the objection must not be kept till after the trial has commenced If any burden of proof regarding the lists were cast on the Crown , it could onlv be that to which he had
already alluded ; namely , that of merely identifying the list in which the names of tbc witnesses " appeared with ihat served on the panies . It wou d X > e enough to show that the list in which the witnesses had appeared had been served on the prisoners ; and the necessity wosiid thenie throi ^ ncn the prisoners to prove that there was some other lists Hewished the Court wonld observe the consequence , which \ 7 ould otherwise follow . If the Crown , at so late a Eiage , consd be called on to prove the lists , the prisoners , by thns lying by , would entnletbein-« elvcs to an acquittal , so that they could never again be tried by any of the forms directed by the Act of Parliament . If the prisoner in the case might object to the service not beint simultaneous mi
ie _ ght equally object to one of the witnesses not i > eing crediDie , He mij : ht further make aa objection thrown out by the Cord Chief Jnstice—he mi-ht coateud that though the three documents had been ¦ erved simultaneo&sl y in the presence of two witnesses , tho copy of the indictment was not a lrc « copy , or that the list of the Jury ws 3 not a tree hst , and that it differed from the panel returned . The ?< : objections might have been made after the prL-onen had seen what sort of a case had been made ou : against them . Could that , howeTer , be con ? isteni with the dse administration of tbe law—could z course be allowed which would inevitably lead to a perversion of jastice without auy advantage tc to the prisoner , if he were an irnrjocent mas I- ii he were so , sufficient opportunities of defence would
- be aaoraed him without having recourse to Beer objections . If his Learned Frietds bid been li ^ bt it would follow that the service * hk-h had taker place would be a nullity . He would ask if tha should be so , a ^ d if the proceedings should be in the ¦ same stats as if no li « had ever been served ! A this very Special Commission , after some iittii irregularity at the commencement , the court rake that any objection to the witness must be taken befor < the wiujess was examined in chief , or it came tot late . >* ow he was merely contending for applying that pr inciple to the whole list ; therefore , aceordini to ali the principles and analogies of English law he contended tliat the objection could not be take ; . after the trial had commenced . ( The Learsei Gentleman then read several cases from Seouis ! . reports , in rapport of his arguiaeEt . ) Besides , ii
. ^ Scotland both the list of witnesses and the list ofj f ^ jurors were . part of the record ; and it -was from the'i record that the panel was furnished with them ; He ! iad aorr performc-1 his duty , by bringing forward ! those authorities to show ' that the objection was ! aaraUd , and that it was , broagat / orward ux > late , i The Learned Coniisal for the prisoner was right in mot bringing it forward earlier , oeiaase-it-coahiW havebeengane with the remotest chance of success . Ifi * r < WE ^ a 2 owed it would have this ecn&eqneuce , tlflWtt ^ te of frivolous objections might be brought 4 | r ? ardaf ; ei- the trial had begun , th \ is defeating the intentions of the Legislature , which were thai th « lnnoceat should be protected , and noJ that the guilty should escape . Sure he was , however , that whatever decision their Lordships mi ^ ht come to / -would be universally acquiesced in . j j I i ! :
/ Mr . Kth j next rose , and said he understood bis Learned Fneud , the Attorney-General , did not msist , as a point in favour of the Crown , upon aiiv flifferenoe that esisjed botweea the cases of Frost and Williams before the jury was sworn , and the same observation applied to the conservation which took p ' ace between Mr . O . ven and the Solicitor for the prosecution after the jury had teen sworn . - The question to be considtr ^ d ivascot whether the departure from the forms laid down had been a matter of : prejudice or advantage to the prisoners , but whether tbe condition pointed oat by tLe statute were observed . and complied with . Ha recollected a case haying beenruledby someof tbejudgesbeforehim , in whieh a deviation from the forms of a contract hadplace at the request of one of the parties , nevertheless the Court held that though that deviation had iakea place at the request of the party , it was no matter , as it was their business to learn whether ¦
, Was « tatute had been literally complied with , and they adjudicated accordingly . His learned friend had also said , that he did not seek for the striking eot of ate single word of the statute ; but the Altorney-iGeneral , by bi 3 argument , cleariv endearosred w s&rike out the word " with , " and to have . inserted in is * stead die word " h 4 < L" His learned Friend then sdverted to Lord George Gordon ' s case , bat be ( jir . & £ iy ) conld not see for what porposa , as ( he Court had At that time pronounced those words "At the same &Lse with the oopj of the indictmeat , " therefore , those wards seem of arech iaportasce . whifihbls karoad friend had not thocght proper t-e eayltin . In ih * « as » of Douglas aad S : orry" it waahsid tbat if thejenactment wtr ^ not literally : eompiiad with , there ihonld be a nsngnit in the ease . It cad been alleged ths-t under the Poor-la-ws tji 9 ccuri Trcre u > i ezllcn upon to pro- ; aoanee ojiaio ^ s upo a tli « Ftctutcs , but enccato view of
rosr io aas ae ^ oruiug waat ihs L " 2 £ ts ! at « re intccded' ; Le . 1 he rrco'kfied many of vbe Jad ^ rcs befuie him cspr eesly declared in the juO- ^ incii : ihey ^ "ive , ihai they wore kcIJ j awaro iha : the legislation had no idea of putting the j £ 9 asfcruetie 2 upc-n lbs « js > ntes jhit they were oi' -ged ]
^ ' . i ii i I . to do from the literal wording of the rtatete . His Learned Friend had ag&iu referred to Sir Robert Peel ' s Act . Their Lordships , however , weald see that the statute left entirely nntonched \ h * A <* of Anne . That last Act required that the list « f witnesses must be delivered » t the same time , bo matter whether it might b » ten or twenty days before the trial . Whatever effect Peel ' s Act eoold hare in the question would be entirely in faroar of tho prisoner ; because it repealed the plxinand emphatic words of the statute of Anne— that the list of witness should be delivered at the same time with a copy of the indictment . " This was all he bad to say on the first point disenseed by his Learned Friend tie Attorney-General . His Learned Friend had
proceeded to tho second point , and be had said that the Counsel for the prisoners had felt that they were surrounded with difficulties , which they wero nnable to contend with . He Ulr . Kelly ) denied the assertion . The Counsel for the prisoners had called the attention of their Lordships to a statute—to a plain intelligible Act of Parliament , to tbe benefit of which their clients were entitled . They threw on the Crown the burden of showing that they had no claim to those benefits . It was the business of the Crcwn to probe , either by citing some high authority , or some strong cases of precedent , that the prisoners had in some way deprived themselves of the right they wore entitled to . His Learned Friend had said that the Counsel for the
prisoners had gone so far as to S 3 y that by reason or the nin-delivcry of the lists according to the necessary forms , the defect was incurable , and that the whole proceedings were invalid . He also stated that they could have taken their objection at once . He ( Mj . Kelly ) begged leave to say in reply , that they did not say it was a mistrial—they did not say that by reason of certain forms not having been complied with , the proceedings were useless . That was not their argument—it waa not reces . ary for them to contend for that position . What they contended for was a fair and true construction of the Act of Parliament , which said that no witnesses should be produced by the trial , of whose names , professions , and places of s . bode the prisoners had not had notice in tho list delivered to them , according-to the forms required by the statute . That being the case , they said that the objection shoula be made whenever the
Counsel for the Crown wished to produce a single witness , as refusing to plead admitted ihat he was guilty , he would give a right to the Crown to hold an indictment ever him all his life . Ho said that ? ach was the inevitable co : sequence . His Learned Friend mustcon tend , that on the discovery of the nondelivery of the lists , the Court either oraers the trial to proceed , or postpones it io the next assizes . In the first case , the Court deprives the prisoner of all the benefit intended for tim by the Act ; or the Court , of its own authority , without any application , put off the trial , and ke ' eps the prisoner in prison ; and this might happen in a case where the Crown wilfully omitted to deliver the lists for the purpose of taking undue advantage of the p risoner . The question , therefore , was , whether their Lordships could put a construction upon this Act of Parliament which would confer such a tremendous power upon the Crown .
iir . Baron Parke—The same thing would happen from the non-delivery of the copy of the indictment . Mr . Kelly respectfully differed from his Lordship ; ha had never coiiten ed any such thing . Mr . Baron PaTkc—Bat the authorities quoted went to that . There was Rookvrood ' s case , which seemed to go on all fours with the present . Mr . Kelly said Kookwood ' s case was under the statute of Wiiiiam . Now the statute of Anne was intended to confer an additional benefit on the prisoner , and therefore must La constructed hberaliy . Besides ., that wa 3 ouly looking to tho consequences of the decision : what he contended for was , that the construction of the Attorney-General cave the Crown
the power of keeping a man in prison an indefinite time , with an indictment hanging over his head , and of forcing the Court to postpone the trial , not oujv without cause , but by its own default . The only ansrrer given to this argument was , that if an Attornc-y- ^ creral were to do this , he would be impeached . What consolation was that to the prisoner !—and there was nothing in the statute to shew tLa * . there was nothing for the prisoner to depend on but the chance of a impeachment of the Attorney-General . TLe Court would make an order , it was 5 aid , on the public prosecution , to deliver these iists . On whoso application ?—or on whom was such an order made , in a case in which the Sovereign is prosecutor ? He would say , therefore , that the
statute shewed that it was to the Crown the subject had a right to look for the protection the statute intended . He , therefore , denied the power of any Court to make such an order . It wa 3 remarkable that , according to his learned friend ' s argument , this objection must be made at & time when aprisoner had no counsel , asd this was the case with regard to " Williams aud Jones , who had not had counsel assigned to them uHtiMoug after they had pleaded . He contended tho objection was properly made when a witness was put itito tho box , of whom they j : ad not had duo notice according to tho statute , and in this he was borne out not only by argument and common sense , but by precedent also . The case
of the Kiug and Ward was decisive of this point . The fair way of construing the statute was in the Kime way as a Judge's order to admit certain particulars of set off in evidence , which was that nothipg should bo admitted that was not in the order ; and the effect of the non-compliance with the order , or a defective delivery wonld be , that not one of the panicular = would be" permitted to be given in evidence , and eould they give a less strict construction to an act of Parliament in a case of high treason than to a Judge ' s oruer in a civil suit ? With regard i to tho referv-uce to Scotch Law , every case went to j thow that at some period or other the objections i miiibt be made ; the case quoted by the
Attorney-I General merely went to show that the objection ! might be made before the jury were sworn , and no ! more , -while Hyatt ' s case was a case in point . i Under these circumstance ? , considering their Lordj rhips were calied on to lay down a role which would j be binding in all times to come , they could rot come J to a decision which would give the Crown great ; power- of oppression , but would extend to the pri-I soners the lull benefit of the statute , and recommend ; them to the mercy of the Crown . , Sir Wiliiarn Follett would not take up the time I of _ tho court at any great length with his reply . j With regard to the first point , he should make no \ further observation on it . With regard to the ! second , his learned friend had not met thj 3 argument i bolnlv . Instead of stating the precise time when j the ^ objection should be nuatie , he bad contented himj self with frimply saving that it wjs not the tim ^
. Who was to decide , suppose it had been denied j that the list had been delivered by the one side , and . contended that it had been by the other ! Ho would ! contend , then , the party could not be called upon i before pleading to put the crofrn to prove that such i lists had been delivered . How was a jury to be ! empanelled io try that fact ; and that was his argu' ment to show that that was not the time for making | thia ^ objection . Although a party , by pleading . niigut waive an objection to the copy of tho indict-; rueut , the same rule did not apply to the list of wit-; nes = es . The Attorney-General had not met the ob-1 jecaon that this' would place that power in the j hands of the crown , which was intended for the berefai of the prisioner . Besides , how could the court make an crvler on the Attorrey-Gencral t Lord Abiriger said that there had been a rule in the King ' s Bench , calling on the Attorney-General to show cause why there should not be a trial at bar , and so lie could be caded on here , and if ke did
j | | ' | ! ¦ j ' 5 j i ] TWt show cattse , taa . isttsoner would s « cut-ipon Ma 1 mr * 1 rrlTir-mritfTHtffTirn n nuwnifjffij ^ iL " ~ - I Sir W . Follett—That was exacfly what he eonj tended for . The result would bethe compe er tbe j party to plead , refusing to hear the witness , and the j prisoner would be acquitted , which was exactly | what lie was now contending for . The Act of Par-I Ikmejit was passed for the purpose of compelling j the Auoruey-Gcneral to bring on prosecutions within j a certain time . Under that Act tbe party would be right in case the trial was delayed to serve a rule on | ike Attorney-General . He would say one word i with respect to the omission which had taken place ] in br iegingfo / ward tte-oHection at an earlier period . i There was , ho thought , no other time at which it coulu be made , but the one that had been chosen . ¦
f- _ - - - _ „ . v ^^ w ^ vw _ v w v * S V ** ¦^^ ' ¦ v ** lhe Learned Gentleman then proceeded to read a passage ftvm a judgment of Lord TeaterJen in support of his argument . One thing was clear , that a ^ iy objection of this sort ought to be known to the Crown , and the Crown ought to cpplv to the Cwin to postpone the trial . If the Crown did not do so , bat attempt to justify , they ought to abide bv the consequences . He rabmitted to their Lordships taat this was the right construction of the Act , and the oniy way of enforcing the Crown to a compliance wit-a the provisions of the Act of Parliament . It was upon this broad principle tha-t ho contended . If it were a substantial enactment it mus ; be complied with : aud , if it were not complied with , the prisoner was entitled to tbe benefit of it .
The Attorney-Geiiwal always understood that when a jury waa once sworn the prisoner stood upon hi ? delivery , and must be pronounced gnilty or not guilty , and , therefore , he apprehended that the jury could not be discharged and another impanelled . This coneiuded the arguments La this case , and their Lordships retired at four o ' clock .
DT 7 VDIE . —There have been seven memorial * sent from Dandee to her Majesty in favour of Fros ! -, and the other Weleb pkiriore , but as yet we have rt&insi bo acswer , so that we do not ktiow whether they hare been presented c-r not . MiKKm-H , Fikishire . —At a public meeting of the inhabitants , Jacies Law ia the chair , a memorial was adopted praying he * Majesty to grant a fret pardcuto the Welsh patriots , la the ' ^ liort space if one day ro Leo ? than 1 , 150 signatures wereattached to the memorial , \ jliidi , in a eciiutry place , speaks volumes of ike feeling oftLe j .- eopie .
Miuthyk Ttdtil . —A petition baa been rent from this p ) aet and ita neighbourhood , in favour of Fro * t , and othew , to the Queen , figBed by 13 , 166 of the inhabitants . It is but justice to say that the majority of the middle clashes have signal it . Subscriptions have been entered into for the coming trial ol Mr . Henry Vincent , now at Monmoutn gaol . Thirty shilling * have been tent to his betateri mother , 14 m . Vincent , and her family ,-from thit place , hoping that other placet will do the * ame . Lochee . —A public meeting of tb /» inhabitant * of tbl « place wa * held in the Wearers' HftIL on
Wedntuday , the loth nit , for the pwpow br ^ nr . moriatit iog the Qneenon behalf of John Frcwt . Era . Mr . Alex- M'Douall was calied to the choir . After a diKustrion oa tha Corn Law repeal question , it wm thea Ktated by the chairman that about fifty pontons had signed their namen to a document ia favour of a J aint Stock Company for a provision store . Accordingly a committea was elected to make arrangemirita lor thd formation cf sach a body . Three tremendous cheers were givpn for Mr . Frost and hia fellow-prisoners . The business being then coneluded , the meeting dispersed .
Co par Akous , Pbrthshibb . —In this small village , on Saturday last , we get about getting up a petition for John Frost and his associate *; and iu the course of four hours we obtained 549 namec , which we despatched to the Secretary of State . It is worthy of remark that only bix individuals in a . U the village refused to sign the petJtioa ; and teli it not the Chartists of England these six were all wokkino men ! ! I would have published tbeir names ; but I cannot think of polluting ray pen by writing them . Let the names of such men , a « their spirit * inuut , sink into eternal oblivion . —Corrcsponifcnt .
Paisley—At a meetiug of the Paisley Tows Conn til , htld on Tuesday , it was mov « d by Mr . HendeMon , seconded by Mr . Murray , Town Treasurer , and unanimously agreed rd / 'fluU a peti . tion should be forwarded to her Majesty , praying for , the * pariDg of the lives of Frost , WiHujp ^ aad Jones , by the commutation of their sentenea ^ b « nch other panishtteut aa her Majesty ' s advisers might think fit . Kinross . —At a public meeting of the inhabitants of tfee town and vicinity a memorial was unauimeusly agreed to . BARNSLEy . —A public meeting wa 3 holden in the OJd Fellows' Hall , on Tuesday , to meroorialwe the Qjeea for the Welsh Patriots . Spirited addreas-eg were delivered , and appropriate resolutions , and a memorial agreed to .
Hey wood . —A spirited memorial has been sent fnm this place on behalf of the patriots . Howick . —The females of this place have memorialized the Quetn . The petition of tbe inhabitants of Howick was signed in one day by fourteen hundr ed p « r « on ! i . Sukderland . —The acxiety respecting Frest ' i fate is Dot unabated but increases daily . In addition to the glorious demonstration of feeling manifested at the meeting on Tuesday last , v ? e had another and Rtill more striking one on Saturday evening . The occasion of this meeting will be gathered from the following copy of a placard which was extonsively d stributed : —
( copy . ) " Senterce on Frost . " " A public meeting of the inhabitmts of Sanderlasd i « reques'ed in the Assembly Boom ? , on Saturday eveniDg , January 25 h , when an e «« ay , by the Editor ef the Northern Times , will be read , shewing the neeeiKity &Dd duly of Hanging , BbhbadlNG , AND QOARTEMNG JOHN FKOST ! An appeal will be inad < s to tbe ' Sound English feeljng of tbe meeting , ' and the ' thin-skinned humanitymongers' will be effectually exposed . "
Tne appearance of this placard excited the utmoBt astonishment , but not disgust , aa every one of sane mind saw at once that ( unless this were a hoax ) that the Editor must have fallen into the same state of mind as that ta which he penned " England a Poem , " or ss his former diatribes in the Metropolitan Conservative Journal proved to be characteristic of him . The friends of the worthy editor were in tbe utmost state of alarm , and still more so when , afar tke most aDxious ee-arch , he rsu nowhere to be found . Vast crowds were seen wending their way to the place of meeting , which was Booi ^ nlledto excess . At the appointed bonr , there- being to pigus in the heavens or on the earth indicating- the approach of the "British Lioa , " we heardinstead of
, his roar , the thunder of populw indignation—first gently muttering , then swelling louder and louder until it became awfully grand . At this critical moment the Gods were invoked to allay the furj ot ; he « torm and in obedienee to " vox poputi . " Mr . George Garnsby mounted the platform , aad having proclaimed " silence , " proceeded to eall upon John Walker Ord ( the Editor ) to come forth in bodv or ppint , and " shew cause" why the the sentence to which he had doomed men of nobler rooold should not be inflicted upon him . To thie appeal there wa < no response , and the rff-nder suffered judgment to * ci by default . Previous to passing sentence , Mcsar * . Ynliiams and Binns addresssed the court at much length and with good effect . A espy of the nan * -
iNorthern Times ) was produced . It contained a foull > bel upon the " people of England , " and indicated the mo * t sanguinary spirit of rampant Toryism . It was adjudged to be burnt , and ita ashes trodden underfoot , which was instan : ly carried into effect Tcree groans were given for tho editor , acd three cheers for "VYiJliams and Bmn «; after which the meeting quietly dispersed . The petittoa on bebalt of Frogt was forwarded to Lord Brougham
on Saturday evening . It contnined upwards o ! 17 , 000 signatures , 3 , 000 females ; 17 , 000 rfgnatures were attached to it from Sunderland ; 2 500 in Darlington , and the remainder from pome country villages . Petitions from akmt ferly or fifty coliitries were sent . Tbe Rev . P . Kearney , Catholic' M uisler , on Sunday , delivered a beautiful and impreaMv ^ address to his congregation on the subject , and a petition numerously signed , ha * bean forwarded from die congregation . — Correspondent .
Dumfries . -At a large pubio meeting , the following resolutions were , after able aad spirited epeeches , carried with unanimity and stem determination : Proposed by Mr . j . C . C . Dawson , writer— " That tbe dmies of the governors and the governed are reciprocal , implying paternal care to all and each oh the fene part , and allegiance on the other ; acd that the people of this country have bitheito been singular for their allegiance and obedience to the Crown . " Proposed by Mr . T . Johtison , writer ; seconded by Mr . Michael Coyne , nailor— " That class legislators and designing men . after subvertng the great principles of the
constitution , enacted unjust and sanguinary law « , and mposed ntjugt and oppressive taxes—have thus rendered the Crown aw it were a cypbftr ; caused general bankruptcy among oar manufacturers , mercha nts , air * -firmera , and redgged "" rtmipdaattiow 'minions to . fetKaSon iniTtrrfS&ffl&ni ^ ifca ^ ht (* Uras excited a desperation WietfWprTMO ^ Jwtife rebellion ia our cnlonie * , insurrection at b ' efee , and ¦ hreatens universal destruction of life aud propertv . " That to avert such calamities , and to restore the cements of peace and prosperity , many virtuous and patriotio men have etraggled ; that of them lerewas Ewmet , of Ireland * ^ ferraia , of England , Mmr , of Scotland , and othert ^ were the iLWrions
martyra of the last century , " who fell victim * to the then insidious traitors to the people and the Crown ; and Frost , William ? , and J . oow , ftfe , the poble spirits of the present day , who , ia eaavavouriag to establish the throne on the effection of a progperou * because justly governed people , by subverting tbc designa of the enemies of b ; tb , have been caught in their snares , and without law , without evidence , and inconsistentl y with the principles of lattice and numanity , have had their lives ifeeree * t | be sacrificed , and their dead bodies" to be mapglsd in a manner worthy only cf tho ferocity of fienda . " Proposed by Mr . W . M'Douall , bootbisidtr , lite ol the London Democratic Assotiation : awsontW hv f
^ ' « Harris , stocking-maker—" Thsl all laws should be founded on justice , humanitft , and the golden rnle , and be administered with , iaiparuaHty , —that the laws nnder which these patriots and their brave foecd * were tried were not so Jbuided .-neimer were they go administered , inasmuch' a * the Uran « e conspirators wfeo combined if SBCRBT SOCIETIES , bj SECRET OATHs i aS for tta traitorous pn ^ o-e of preventing the rightful euoceV sor to the throne b y meani of ri » B and &wo » D did , p ^ SJSh ?* ****?* * , itb 0 Dt fid , or ewp arrest . " ffl ^ r ^ ' A . Vf ardrop / frame ^ mith ; seconded by Henry Qaeen , weave * - " Sat thie meeting do therefore implore her Jfejc « trW pro . We ^?'" ° * ° ** n * M to thi age , ao ab-SC- fS * ' * ndB 0 PMTOC * tiTe of revengeful reeljo g * , * Bich mir excite nerhana at no <«* .
i ^ l ^ f i « - ltate the "ample ,-and farther , to implex her Majesty , for her and her people ' s saV , -ot to be oeewred by any who seek to jev ^ r the hu .. j . c , s , out to exercise her prerogative , and grant * y , " tfX 10 US ^ S 1 Xe to emancipate the cause F ., ' c ] W aul ^ from thl ? worse than Eg / prise Doadage under which they groan
No * w iCH . —Oa Thurtday eveoiBg , agr ^ able to pabltc annoanwawnt , a meeting wm heU at tbe priroitive Cbrtsdana' place of Wonthb , 8 n « rexutreet , for the purpose of memorial ' z \ h % her Majesty for a mitigation of the eentence on John Frost , Zephaaiah 'Williams , and YTiUiam Joneg . At six o ' clock the doors were opened , and at seven o ' clock the plaee was Qomeroosly attended by a respectable portion of the inhabit ants of Norwich and its vicinity
Mr . P . M&g « a offered up a prayer quite appropriate to the occasion , also a hymn was sup « by the persona present ; after which he was called to the chair and appropriate resolutions , and opened the buri . ne * a with a powerful speech . A m « m « rial were agreed to after excellent speeches by a number of individuala . The meeting lasted three hours , after which the Chartist's hymn waa « unuc , and & prayer appropriate was offered up by Mr . S . Steward , and the meeting dispersed .
Alloa . —Having received the awfal intelligence here , on Monday last , that the barbarou * sentence of death wart patixed upon Me *» rs . John frost , Z ? - phaniah Willia us . and Win . Jones , tho committee of the Working Men's Association here lost no time in calling a public meeting of the inhabitants , to take place ouTaeaday evening l& * t , for the purpose of addressiDg tbe Queen in their behalf . A large public meeting wag held in the Universal Suffrage Hall , when Mr . John Stewart , president of the aiwociation , was called to the chair . Mr . C'&rmichael
having opaued the meeting with prayer , Mr . David Thompson , secretary of the association , read an address to the Queen , which was unanimously agreed to . It was then agreed that the chairman should sign the address in the name of the meeting , for the pur . oae of losing no time for its presentation . A vote of thanks was given to the comtiittee of the a » 8 oeiation , for their activity m getting np the meeting . AUo , to the Rev . Mr . Long , for the zeal he evinced in coming forward at this time . Tre Bet . Mr . Long then closed the meeting with ¦
grayer . . , . . ., - "West Bromwich . —A spirited and sensible memorial ha » been forwarded from thU place . It was Kent to ps for insertion , but want of space compels us to decline . Haworth . —At apublic meeting of the Radicals aod other inhabitants of Haworth , on Monday night last , tho following resolutions were Hnanimously agreed to , and that a memorial , embodying the asme , nhould be sent to her Majescy the Queen : — 1 st . " That it is the opinion of this meeting bat tho verdict of Guil y of H * gh Treason , brought io by Mr . Frost ' n Jury , and aino by the Juries who sat on the trials of Mtsarp . Williams and Jones , in
grossly inconsistent with the evidence adduced ; fiuoh evidence , considering it * various discrepancies , inconsistencies , and contradictions , being , in our opinion , alike insufficient to sustain such a charge , or to warrant suoh a verdbt" —2 ad . " That we , the Chartist * of Haworth , feel ourselves called upoa ti exert &U our energies , legaUy , to avert such a catastrophe as the violent and ignominious death of Mes . « rH . Fro « t , Williams , and Jones , would inflict upon thifl unhappy country . And further , we do hereby pledge ourselves , individually and collectively , lawfully to assist , to the utmost of our power , our Buffering fellow-men throiuhout England , Scotland , and Wales , in the attainment of oar just rights . "
Hochdalh . —On Wednesday last , the Chartis'H of this Town held , a public meetjng in the Associa'ion Boom , School-lane , for the purpose of memorializing her Majesty on . behalf of John Frogr , and iw other unfortunate individuals at Monraouth . The meeting was numerously attended , and * as addreared by Messrs . J ^ mes Taylor , sen ., Jame * Taylor , jun ., Mr . SimpsoD , and others ; a vpirit of enthusiasm seemed to prevade all presenr . Ths ? following resolution waa unanimously adopted — " That it is the opinion of this meo . ing , that the policy pursued by Government is of tbe mou
bloodthirsty na'ure ; inftead of inquiring into rhe present distresses and dissatisfaction of the bulk of the people and applying a remedy , they , by their opposition to the principle of equal right contained is the National Petition , drive the people into acts of violence , and then search the Statute Book for law . " of the most diabolical kind , which were passed in tbe dark ages , for the purpose of coercing dissatisfied nobles into subjection , and which laws would never be tolerated by any Ministry having the real welfare of toe p » op ! e at heart . " A memorif tl was signed by the Chairman , and sent for presentation to Lord Norm ; nby .
Vale of Lbvbn . —At a meeting of the Vale itf Leven Working Man's Association , held on Friday t » e 24 ta iust ., the following resolutions were unanimously adopted . "That it w the opinion of this meetiug that a Convention should be formed without aelay , to enter into arrangements with the people of England for the purpose of effecting an union between the two countries , and that " this association-bear their share of the expenses , along with the other districts . " " Taat this meeting considering the -eun ' Working Man'a Association ' to be too exclu-i » e , inasmuch that it tends to exclude
all who do not consider themselves working men , ( towever well inclined to the caus .-, ) resolve that it « hall be henceforth designated as the Vale of Leven Universal Suffrage Association , which , btMdes being more explicit in its object , leaves it open to all , and doea not alter the fundamental principles ot" the Association . " " That the thanks of this meeting be given to Feargus O'Connor , E * q ., for his fearless , manly , and straightforward advocacy of the principles contaiued in the People ' s Charter . Also , for his generous , disinterested , and persevering exertions on behalf of the Welsh patriots . "
London . —On Thursday last , a ^ meeiing the frinwleiiihabiraot * of L » ndon was held at the Mechanics' iDsritutinn , Grosrenor-street , Milbank , Westniasrer , on behalf of Mr . Fro * t * nd tha Welsh patriots . Although tV . ere wa * but a fe * - hour «>' notice given , the meeting wa < crowded to « uffoca . tion . Tne chair was Uken b y Mrs . Martin , who opened : h * rueitiag by ucma forcible observations , a « d elicited the warmest approbation by the elcqusnt appeal she made in behalf of the Welsh patriots . The mating was addressed by several ladies , who appeared to bs deealy affected by the mournful proceedings . Two resolutions were agreed to , and carried without a dissentient voice .
Glasuow . —A public meeting was held in the Lyceum , on Monday , for the purposi ot considering the propriety of addressing her Majesty the Q teen , in behalf o Frost , Williams , and Jo-, e < , at present lying under csntence of death , for the crime of high treason , in M . nmou'h gaol . The room was exces si rely crowded , and the stair and pajwigea , and even the street before the entraioe , was filled with people nnxfoui to gain admittance . A cry of "Adjou-n to tha ELz * ar " was got up , and an attempt was made to procure that p > ace to meet in , but ar i : could not by jiot , on the circunvstauces being explained , as much order was procured as could have bet-n expected , and ih « ^ meeting proceeded to
business . Mr . Pro < diuoi was called to the chair . Proper resolutions , and a memorial founded thereon , were * Sr « d to uoanimocKiy , and sent to » Lord Brougham ^• r presentation . Also , a publio neeiing « f the , lafdie- of Glasgow and ifct vtcii ^ ti , - was held in tlfe ' Ltcpuui oa Thursday night ; for the purpose oi Adopting an address to the Qudenia behalf of Frost , Wjliiams , and Jones . Mr . Rosi was called to the chair . Mr . J . Rogers proposed a re * olution , i n which the meeting was calltd upon to sympathise deeply with Frost , Williams , eni Jones , in-th < sir p resent situation , and to resolve to address her Majesty for a mitigation of their sentences . Mr . It . supported the molntion in an able address . Th « t
resolution , on beiDg put from the cSsalr , was adopted by an unanimous show of hands . Mr . R . Malcolm then read and prcpos-d the adoption of an address to the Qaee-, which was seconded in an able and appropriate addiess by Mr . Proudfoot , and likewise adopted unanimously . It was then agreed that a copy of the address should be signed by Miss Leunox and despatched witkout deky to Earl Sauhopefor presentation to her Slsjesty . It waa likewise agreed that sheets should be procured , and a * numeroush signed as possible by Saturday the 25 th . A vote of thanks wan then given to the chairman , when the meeting dispersed .
Dablington . —A publio meeting of the inhabitants of Darlington wan held on Wednesday evening , the 22 ad ult , tor the purpose of getting ap an address to her Majesty , praying , her to use her royal prerogative of mercy in favour of Mr . Frost and his unfortunate companions . Long before the time of meeting the room waa crowded to tuffocation , and il we may jud fe from the countenances and expression of feeling manifested on the occasion , the horrid sentence passed cpon those unfortunate men , gave anything but 8 atiil '* ction . Mr . Thomas Knot was called to | he chair , ami opened the raeetisg in a neat and feeling speeeh . ijr . Bfagg ihm moved the address , which , waa seooi ^ ed by Mr . Thomas Brownie > t > , and carried aaaoi ^ ioualy . A petition was then prepared , and in a ic , w hours received aearly 3 , 000 signatures ; had tinys allowed , the number of signature ? would have boenmore than doubled . W «
cannot close our account without deprecating the conduct of the middle claveY * © n ibis occasion , many of whom , when waited up&a to sign the J ' etiiion , spurned it with contempt , and actual ! j ordered the persons who attended with it out * of their shops .
FMUI . H CHARTI 8 T 8 . —We have received an addreM from the female Cbartutt of Hull , in farour of the Welth patriots—we regTct the impossibility of giTing iirtptton to it . : Biruikoham . —A depuution left here fer Londen on Wednesday las :, with a petition to th ? Qaeeu , containing upwards of tfaircy thousand * ig-Uatureg , fn behalf of Fwt and hia felW-tietims . Such in tbe feeling in the favour © f those meB , that if the pefcition could have remained two days longer , upwards of twenty tboosaad more would have been obtained .
Edinbu'Sgh . ^ -A public meeting of the inhabitant « of Edinburgh waa held in Whitfield Chapel , on Monday evening , < or the parpooo of peritionirig the Qieenin beh&lf of John Frost and th » other Welsh patriots . Resolutions and a petirion were agreed to . The petition wa « Bent off on'Thursday , signed by 22 , 043 persons , to Lord Brougham , for presentation . ; Leith .- —On Tuesday evening a public meeiing was held of the inhabitants of Leith , in Stotriea ' Alley Chapel , for the purpose of petitioning the Queen that she might extend mercy to the convicted patriots in Wales . Mr . Macgowan was called to the chair . Hull .- —0 n Tnegday evening . January 28 th , a public meeting wan held in the large room of the Royal Oak , Blackfriergate , to memoraline the Queen to grant a fall pardon to . John Frost , Zephaniah Williams , and Williaina Jones .
Kettie Bridge . —A pablic meeting of the inhabitant * of Kettle Bridge was held on the 22 ad instant , for the pnrpoje oi taking into consideration the propriety of momorialisiug her Ms ^ aty in behalf of Mr . John Frost and his brother victims of British tyranny , tit var was tfiere a meeting in tbw village ^ at which m ^ re exciteeaent prevailed . A memorial , was unanimously adopted , Bolton . ^—The Chartist * of Ai * town are as active and vigilant as ever . Oa Monday , tho 20 h ntt ., they held a large * and spirited meeting io . the Large Room of the TVmperaoc « Hotel , and another in the Room of the Old Association ; Mr . John Reuwick tilled the chair at the former , and Mr . John Warden
at the latter . The speaking was of the moac spirited description at both places . At th& ikai-inentioHed meeting , it was unanimously agreed , thit a memorial , from the people of Bolton , be presented to the Qaeen on-behalf of Mr . Frost and the rest of the Welsh patriots . Parties were appointed to superintend th « affair , and in the courso of thirtysix honr * , the memorial had received fourteen thousand three hundred signatures , exclusive of several sheets that came in after it hid baeu posted ; and a great number entirely filled with female names . On Wednesday , the inhibitants were taken s . ' m *» - what by snrprwe , by an announcement on ths walls of an intended lecture by Mr . Condy , of the Manchester and Salford Advertiser , who stated in bis
bill , that he waa coming io advise with them relative to their conduct at the present crisis . Not knowing what might be the real object of Mr . C , our met-, to prevent anything like a Whig or Tory trick , mustered in great numbers in the Town Hall , and , th * issue of the meeting was truly gratifying . Mr . C . who , though a highiy-gifted man , is but a very tame thing upon the rostrum , was , on this cccasioc , completely annihilated ; indeed * po closely was Ue followed in all his arguments that he dwindled , as bis adversaries proceeded , into utter extinction . A strong feeling of alarm has of lite pervaded the upptr and mirldle clauses hereabout ; acd the assembly were no little surprised at tho closo of the
meeting , to find a special guard of police at thi ' Town Hall , and the military parading the s-treets and entrances to the town ia till directions . Tnose vigils and perambulations w ? re continued through tbo whole of the night , and we believo are so « id . Oar readers will , on perusing this , be tempted to exclaim , "Oh , rare and wise legislators 1 to bring an empire like ours to such a pa * 8 , that nothing short oi bayonets and bullets , of dark-lanterns , cutlanse-- , and bludgeons , is deemed capable of keeping its p ipalatioa in order . " Such is the extent ot
political discontent in this town ; such tha amount of wretchedness among the industrious portion of its inhabitant * , socb , their hatred of the bloody aad itnbf > cile faction , who have brought these eviU « u ^ : n them , that it is impossible that th ^ ir patience can much longer endure their accumulating sutfn iug ; . There is nothing talked of now but police , » ol liers , dasfgerc , hand-grenades , and cat * : indeed , such is the euspenge , nnceruiaty , and terror reigning Lere , that a resideuce in the neighbourhood ia auythiug but desirable . Youw , dsc .
J . KRliVON . ' P . S . I perceive from a notice in your last week ' s number , that some anonymous correspondent has been carpiag at the conduct of those who have k *< i thrt management of the Frost defence fond ; if that individual bad been as activa in assisting thos i who aave had all tha work to do , as he seems ia faulting them for wliat they hava not dene , or it he had a iked minis town thoaa who w < -re likely to bn able to in-Jorm him , he would , without the trouble of writi ; g to yba , have learned that several pound * more than
haa been collected have buen appropriated to the sending to London of the delegate . Ho v ever , 1 shall as soon bs I am able to g « t tie books from the various parties who have received tha subscriptions , transmit for insertion in the Star , tke names of the subscribers , and the aums tbej have pail , in & regular list . In the meantime , any parties in BoU * & who may feel desirous of information as to huw thu money has been expended , may receive it by application to myself or Mr . Warden . J . K .
I Tiew thee in the splendid arch That shines upon tbe sumnujr cloud ; I h « ar tbe footsteps of tliy march In tbe atom thornier loud . Tho lightning ia thine eye ' s deep glafios . That looks upon tlio world below ; And when tbe northern streamers dance , Thine ia tbe lustrous glow . The flaming night-arch shews thy skill ; Thy breath impels tee tempest ' s roar ; And aa I learu thy potent will , I tremble and adorn . God l thou art everywhere ! I see Thy beauty in tbe deep-uued flower ; Thy strength is shewn mysteriously In the dread earthquake ' s power .
• ; ;; :, ; , GOiD . i-V- ' ' : . ' I « M > thy power , Eternal God * . ' " ¦¦ Engrav « d upon tho dark-blue sljr ; The trees tbat on the inountaira nod , Thr name in whispers figh . Tbemmtbat roll * through ibwrBias qp * Shine * to illume thy templet dome ; In all thy varied werks I trae * Uuksof thy secret home . -. Thy dwelling i « yon dletaniitar , That burns with scarce percoptive ^ ay ; The comet is thy flaming cw , Careering on its way . i ^' ' .. ;¦
I view thy varied hand in waves That gently kiss the pebbled ahore ; Or , rolling o'er their ocean graves , In wrathful anguish roar . The dark green pines that fed tbe breea Talk of tbeet « the forest rill ; And mighty torrepta , when they freece > Display ^| r wisdom fitili The birds that raise the morning hymn ^ Feel , as they chant , an iuipulae proud i They catch the fire of seraphim , And speak of thee aloud . All nature has a living voice , Thy wisdtoin and tby praise to shvir i A nd as 1 hear thy works rejoiee , I feel my spirit tlow .
But most thy goodness I admire , When 1 behold the sacred pl&u . That form'd the soul of vital lire And bade it live in man , Teacb me , O God ! thy truth to knowy To see how vast thy wisdom flows ; Thy mercy to my spirit show , And bid my soul repose , Illume the . spark thy hand has drawn Fr * m the deep realm whore spirit * stray , And let it greet the kindling dawn Of heaven ' s immortal day .
to the editor of tbb norther !* sta& . Sir , If yonil allow the Chartist ' s Prayer , Through medium of tbe Northern Star , To sound through every heart and ear , Throughout the laud , both far and near , You will oblige , ' Most cordially , Your humble servant , P . W . B *
ACROSTIC . J bhovah . Lord , I humbly tbee address , O n thine eternal throne of righteousness ; H ear , and relievo the groanings of distress , N ow in this land flowing with plenteouaness . F ell tyrant lordHngs , who tby laws transgress , R epudiate , and their thirst for blood suppress ; O Id England ' s rights restore , her wrongs repress S ave , save my country from all that oppress , T hen let thy servant , Lord , depart in peace ! P . W . B . Manchester , Jan . 28 th , 1839 .
Leeds Corn Market , Jah 28 . —The weather last week being very boisterous has caused the supplies of all kiada of Grain to be small . Fine dry wheat has supported la * t weeks price , ako . iUe second best qualities , bufe there is no demand for the damp and inferior qualities .- Barley has been dull sale , there is very little demand for the tower qualities . Oats have been full aa well sold . Beaua " is . per quarter lower . - '¦ , . ¦ ; B , icusio . vd ,-Jan . § 5 . —^ e liad i'tjplcrable supply of grain in our markeW to-days ' ' Whuat sold front 63 . to 9 s . ; Oats , from 2 s . 6 d . # 43 . 6 d . ; Barley , from i 9 . 9 d- to 5 s . ; and Beang fi ' orxi 63 . Od . to 6 s . 9 a . per bushel . y '
HUDDKEmELP ^ BW MlEKkT , TuKSDAT , JaB . 28 . —Ok ? tr ^ rkefc ^ -difiiaa beear lauctt ^ e wma-aa last week—Tatbermoreiias been doiii « in the Plain Qoth and Fancy Wooileo irade ^ but the prices are so rumous , thav many , of the mamiiacturcrs are not inclined to sell . Tne . stook on hand in the HiU is very-large , and many of tho manufacturers are offering lar&e quantities in a finished state ; the appearance is much the same at the merchants' warehouses ; very few orders can be obtained , and great doubts arc still prevalent that no great improvement can f&E a time take place . The Wool Market is firm , but only few sales effected .. '
Liverpool Corn Market Mojtdat , Jin . 27 . — Our receipts of Grain , &c . during the past vreek have been very limited—to be attributed iu some degree to tho boisteroHB state of the weather . We have at the same time to report increased firmness in the Wheat trade ; the millerg and dealers have been freer purchagcrSthan for some weeksprevious , andjOn ^ riday with a fair extent of business , very full prices wier ^ realized ; in some instances an advance of Id . to 2 d . per bushel on our previous quotations was obtained
Free Foreign Flour has also been rather better sold and upwards of 8000 barrels of American have changed hands in . bond at 29 s . to 29 s . 6 d . per barrel ; 30 s . per barrel is the price now demanded , and haa been paid for a small parcel . Oats and Oatmeal have still moved slowly , but are held with j &thermore firmness . Fine Barley is less plentiful and fully M dear ; good grinding samples are worth Si . to 5 s . 6 d .. Irish feeding 4 ? . ' to 4 s . 9 d . per CO lbs . Beans and Peas remain as last noted .
O'CoitKOft , Esq ., of HammenauUi , County lUdfllesex , by Joshba HoMOK , at fall Priating Offices , Nos . 12 an * IS , Marketnrtxe « t , Briggat « j and Published by the said Joshua Hobsow , ( for the 8 aid Fkabgds O'Comkob , ) at bis Dwelling house , No . 5 , Market-street , Briggate ; an ia * ternal Communication existing between the mid No . $ , Market-street , and the said Nos . 12 and 13 , Market-street , Briggate , thus constituting the whole of the said Printing and PubliabiBf Office one Premises . > All Communications must be addressed , ( Post-paid to J . Hobsok , Northern Star ffice , i eedfl . ; Saturday , Fehraary 1 , 1 M 0 .
Local Maeketb. -^To≫ '
LOCAL MAEKETb . - ^ to > '
Pkocbtss Of Detkoblausikg
PKOCBtSS OF DEtKOBlAUSIKG
CAXUiTSZ . 7 . State of Trade . —Trade continue * in a moat depressed state . The manufacturing , which k the principal branch of business here , has never before been in a worse condition . There have been great reductions in the wapes of the work people—and it is said that pome of the cotton milla are again about to go on short time . , The suffering and misery which pervades the weaving class of the community , are iudeed trulv awful . We have do hesitation in
saying that hundreds of families are in a . state actually approaching to starvation—living almost on potatoes , and tha very coar « e 3 t sort of lood ; while the weekly meetings of the Board of Guardian * are completely inundated by hundruds of hungry applicant * , whose half clai and emaciated appearance " would kill the humane , and touch the heart of cruelty herself with pity . " And though there are several members of the board , who would be moat ready to relieve tbe distressed , yet their inclination
to do so ia completely cramped by the cursed New Poor Law . There is much difficulty in obtaining the poor ra'ec , so that the Guardians are frequently embarrassed tor money . We consider in case * oi extreme distress they ought not tenaciously to stand by tha Act . Several soup kitchens have been established by subscription in varioas part * of the town , where the poor and destitute are supplied twke a-week with soup at one halfpenny per quart .
Anti-Corn Law Petition . We before noticed the , hole and corner , proceedings of the anti-Corn Law * AsJocia t tion her ^ , ; and we have np . vr to cojitlnne onWofht of the dia ^ Taeeful ' "means' which have been resorted to , in order to obtain signatures to tiieir petition . It haa been hawked about in the different publio works at the request of the mas era , who have , in maay instances , compelled their work people to sign it—they have not beea very scrupulous aa to tbe a ^ es of those who put dawn their names . This petition may be justly called thit of the master mmufdciurors , for there has never been a public meeting at all oa the subject .
SUMDERLANS . Bapid Progress op Co-opbra . tive Societies—There are four co-operative B ») e ; etie « , or joinc-stock companies in thU place . The first of these was established by a few Owenites , two year * ago , and has increased ita numbers 10 nearly 500 , and was previonaly well supported by the Chartist * when the Convention issued their manifesto recommendiag exclusive dealing . I . suggest to Mr Williams the superiority of eptabliabing a joint-stock company of the working people , which he h *» since done , upon the moot equitable principles , when Mr . Williams called a public meeting for the above purpose . He wished the old society to alter its rulea ,
that the Chartists mfght join them , and become one fcociety . After much discussion , the managers of ibe old Owenites society would not alter their rules , so Messrs . Williams and Binns , with the consent and approbation of the public generally , have now established one for the good of all the people thit will purchase at their own shops ; the only difference between the two eoeieties is as follows : —The old society gives the whole profits of the kusinees to the shareholders or capitalists , who may buy £ 50 * hare for himself , wife , and all hit children , whether they be not the
coHsnmers or . Now Social Institution establish *« by Mr . Williams , holds out superior advaotagea , vix . any peor person who is not able to bay a share , if they go and buy at this institution they will get one half of the profit * arising ¦ from their own consumption , and if they leave it in the hands of the manager , it will form a ehare for them upon which they will get profits also . I am authorise / by some of the members to say that there is a disposi . tioa On the part of many of the . members ' of the old society to join the good new . one , next doer to Me <* r . \ Williams and Binaa ' s ehop , Bridge-strtet .
^ Dr trg .
A ¦ _ _ - . ; ¦ -: : ; :- \ ' • ¦ 'j ; . ¦ . . ' ¦ ¦ ; . « . '¦ j-T t . . . . ; . \ ¦ :-. , ! ¦ -8 THE NORTHERN STjU J
Jwt Published, Second Edition, Corrected Emd Enlarged, Price 2s.,
Jwt Published , Second Edition , corrected emd enlarged , Price 2 s .,
Lssds :— Printed F»R The Proprietor, Fbamw
Lssds : — Printed f » r the Proprietor , Fbamw
Northern Star (1837-1852), Feb. 1, 1840, page 8, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/king-y1kbzq92ze2669/page/8/