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vJppPLtW YORKSHIRE' P
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TO THE . ( X ) i 3 iIERS OF ^ ttth Twroii »»» . JO THE . COIilEK . OFSOlJTH btJR&AM ¦ ¦
t . ^ iS& ^ S&f * to" * ** . been many JL daysamwig 8 t » jon , b > t I have seen enough to know that y » u" deserve' a < better : fcte than chains and "M * ' ' £ r ¦ " ¦* ¦¦ ¦ " •¦ ¦ ****** thanmanytrades thai I oouldTnoition , butthey are far too little for tt »* oiljoTi endow and the dangers you brave . If all that yoa receive were expended in feeding yonr hungry aud'd pUnng yonr naked children , the smallness of its ' amount would be a sufficient apology for complaint : but , when one half of yonr hard earnings , are sfofen by the force of law , to support the extwvagancra of royalty—its lazy pensioners—its wealthy dignitarie 3-4 ts ' heartless soldiery-band its brutal police ; when Goal Pit Kings are floating idst' of wealth «_ , «^ . - /»^ Llll """ " _' - " ¦ " ¦ '• ¦ ' •¦¦ ¦¦¦¦ - "
am seas wrung from your aching limbs and bleeding hearts , no honest man should secrete jhe wolf that ; is preying upon your vitals bv crying «* Peace , peace , when there is none . " . « n workhard ^ yourwages are small—yourfood ishetvfly taasd-your families are nojnerous ^ -your StS ^ 'S ! ™?^ S ^ fid ' your spirits are broken down with toil ! When I" speak to you of better daysj you look at me asimea having " no hope . " You . seem to be Io 3 t to active virtue or enlightened jnaAooa' -jou'irededuced to mere "hewers of :- wood « id'drawersof water ; " you are stripped of all ; tne'blandi 3 nmen . t 8 of easeandplenty . ' Tj * fields 6 f natate are for ' others to delight in—the genial sun ; drfEusingits gladdening ; rays of beauty on others is
'deniedto yny ; yours isa = Meof'darkhess , poverty , •' and 1 woei ^ Aa your virtuous wivesare nursing their infants with all thS fondness of a mother ' s love , £ *? i £ S * S f" ^ Janowed . ¦ by '' the thought thai their boyhoods' prime wUl be comectinto - gold'for hardened task-masters to riot " and revel with . -Yon are tossed about as in a tempest = with a . frail bark , to afford you but a poor protection - against the fury of the stonn .- Your anxious hearts . stove to discota ?; fjKffie ' obamrUy-of the distance , ' - , some token of approaching relief ; but , as you get nearer the object of-your hope vanisnes into air , and yon ire lonelier than before . "There is no hope " is inscribed on- your facts , and on your homes , Here is no hope" proceeds from everv voice . Mv
mend 3 j whilst there-islife there is hope—though yoiur ^ erings D ^ as srattleii they will be' purified as ' snow ^ whea it is wafted fr ^' your . lofty clouds ; We : have life left yet , thongfi happirieMhasleftiandlet us . not . be dis ^ yed"by the ' stom'that . iBurrounds us . L There . is never a stomhift ' contans its rainbow of £ " jronnie- ^^^]\^'<^ j ^^ ' ^^ gj ^ ii ^ : ] Do " yotir duty , and you will get your reward . *• He J " that persevereth to the end shall be savebV' Don't - count the cost , for the greater the cost the greater ; the conquest . Where are your ministers of religion , that " they have never . taken you by the hand to - - instruct you in a knowledge of the causes of your - Buffering condition ? Yonr children want educating , but do they ever tell the ^ Government they must
provide themeansi Your labour is too great . Do they - ever teU ¦ ffie : Government that rich men should work 7 as \ well as poor , and ; -that many hands make light work ? Yonr wages are ¦ „ / not what they ought to be—but do they ever tell the Government that idlers in the palace are paid better . than industry in ite htoyeU They " tax your hard-• earned wages without your consent—do they ever tell bur rulers that it is ' airobbery to do so ! No ! ignorance , poverty , and plunder w 31 be the order of ^ e day forever for anything they will do io stop ' it "They preach contentment when there should be norie-4 hey league' theniselves with men who have sullied their fama with the blood of innocence , and deluged the home of ihernobr with , the tears of to
affliction . I come amongst ^ ybu separate' these ; wolves from thel ^ fe that a te devoured by them—to unmask hypocrisy ' and' dpp ' relaon in the pulpit , on . ' the ' bench , and in :. ithe _ senate ; " ^ 1 shall need the poor man ' s sympathy ' and , ' aid . I want no one else tohelp ' me in the work of-political emancipation . I come / amongst a people whom ! do not know , arid to disseminate troths " which you never have heard : They arestrange doctrines to those " who have'been confined to the twaddle of canting priests and in-. terested"deceivers . ; But . let not ' their novelty dismav von' for the elorious Drincioles of mv nartv will
. open the eyes of the blind , and . raise the very . dead ] ^ out ' ofttielr-graves . Be ; upijn "' y 6 ur . guard also . '' against bai&bitmga ^ id calumny , 'for the enemy of f liberty wiU try to nip it in the bud . In these days , if truth cannot be silenced by fair means , they ' ? will do . jit by dishonourable means . I shall " . be denounced as an infidel arid an anarchisi from the ' pulpits of . priestcraft . The introduction : of Chartism will be ' looked upon . by the " whole fraternity of police , hypocrites , and sinners , : as the harbinger of all the bloody horrors of revolutionary warfare . " Be ye not alarmed—I am a man of peace—so are the Chartists . '
"God is our guide ! . No swords we draw ; We tindle not-war ' s battle fires . ' By union , justice , reason , law , We claim the birth-right of our sires . ; And bait ! we raise from sea to sea , -. . The sacred watchword—liberty . " . . - Guard against the infatuation of priestly jealousy . & ' Priests have ever been the enemies of improvement ; ¦ They crucified / our Saviour—they hunted the early 2 — CnriigaMtothSSa tth- ^ th ^^ r neva ^ - they lighted up Smithfield and Canterbury - ^ with the faggots of " - persecution—they dyed the - 'heather of Scotland with the blood of the Covenan-• ters , and they would burn the . Chartists of England if they could find a multitude ' ignorant enough to
= hound on to our destruction . They will give us de-- nunciations in ' their pulpits—they will give us damnation in their prayers—and they will combine with . r - load sounding and empty profession whispering and ' ¦ ¦ ¦ - sneaking calumny . But I have stood the two ' years pelting of a priestly storm unscathed and ' secure , and I am ready for the worst they can do , - ' and I shall smile at fiieir guilty passion as it tears ' itself to tatters , in the vain attempt to trample us - underfoot . We must be up and doing when none ¦ will do it for us . Bread and industry—starvation • ' aid idleness , should be oar battle cry ! ' If honest ' working men are not to enjoy the good things of this * JKfe , whb should ! We must rally for our rights . If laws make the taxes , then mu 3 t industry make the laws ; and then we shall be masters . -Ask for this—- do not be content without it . Is it for this that I pitch my tent amongst youl When my country is - free I shall sink to rest . Enquire after our
princi-. pies—they are great and true , and will work out your salvation . ' Never mind what priests ' may say , for false prophets are amongst them . Neither need we fear them . We are poor it is true , but it is no crime to be poor , and though our only place of meeting is the temple not made with hands , - — with its roo % S 3 sky of clouds , and suns , and stars , yet my hears ' is big with hope on oiur ultimate tri-- umph . The Jewish temple was hurled down by the L bloodless arm and majesty of truth , though the ¦ eagles of imperial Borne , and the flinty hardness of the Jew , were leagued against our religion . So shall it be with Methodism . Its Jewish temples must ; fall—the plough of Democracy must tear up its foundations , and as we would pluck tares from the wheat , so must they be rooted out from amongst us . Again I say enquire ! ' - Your Friend , ' George BiNNS .
• ¦ ¦ flApr . fgT . g ~ ( From our own Correspondent . ) ?/ . HOBRIBLE CASE OF DESTITUTION . On Monday last , an inquest was held at the Hare " and Hounds pnblic-house , Botchergate , before Mr . Carriek , coroner , oh view of the body of Samuel Clare , a child about two years of age , who died in ' the House of Recovery . The following is the sub" stance of the evidence . Jonn Kent , police-officer—On- Monday , the 9 th " instant , near to twelve o ' clock , I had ' occasion to go
to . the post-office , and when I' returned / found Jaue . Clareandher childin . the police-office . I asked her . - ' : , who fetched her there ^ she said a man brought them -. * ¦ ' - '• in a cart and set' them down on ; " the street ' . The child was very fiick—its face > was much disfigured with sores and its fingers much swollen . Joseph Niso 3 , dTerseer—On Monday , about twelve o ' clock , I found'Jane . Clare ; and , her child at the " ' ' 1 police office . I gave her ^ xpence , ' and removed them I " : to iheHouse of Recovery . : I gave her the money on ; account of the Union . ' . ' ' . . .. ' .. , . of the
VV ? TDnvNicholson ^ I have a contracfc medical z ~''" - department of theCarlisle . Uhion . ' I was informed ' by the Magistrates and' Guardians of this case , and c ; went with the last ' mtness to the police office , and * found ihe child , Samuel Clare , with its mother . " '" Thechildwasfaflof . smll-pox , andnotinaproper * " : ' statetoberemoTecL It : was then in a dangerous ' " ' state . ' The eruption must ' : have been " out two or " ' three days , and ; must have been' evident one day '; before its removal . I consider it to have beenim-* ' ' proper to remove ; the child in an open cart the distance of eight miles . . Ahjr ' removal would be im ' . . proper under such circumHtances . I believe the re' , ' . mo ^ -al . mighJ . accelerate . 'its death ; but ; wfll not say j positively ; that it did so . I did not order ft . any " . medidne or refreshment ^ ; ' ;'"' ' " . * .. " . of
Jane Clare- ^ Iani ifli ^ widow Samuel Clare I was eoming from Edinburgh about four weeks ago , with my child . I , have three others , but not with me . It is about eleven months since my husband , \ . died ;" , he ' wis a sailor . > I came tb ' Longtown on ^ Saturday week . " I / wascairied , along with my ' child , in a . wheelbarrow , to Gretna , on Thursday sight . I reived " no refreshment , except a piece of " oat cake . Mrs . Ferguson treated me very kindly , and gave me some milk and porridge , but the child was so ill it could not take them . The eruption had
not tKen broke out . * We were setdown at the Bev . ° Mr . Ruddick ' s door . When the servant came , she threw the door to very violently , ordering us away . Mr . Biiddick then came to the front door ; the men said ' their master had sent us there to be relieved . Mr Ruddick never looked at me ; he struck one of ' " ' ¦ " the ' menwitha stick , and broke their barrow , and fJwor ^ HSS Mal oaths . Ferguson then came , and ^ --rwi ^ S ^ epeak , ^ W 01 ^ d not » " ^ s ^ ri ' ' Kera ^^^ OT ^ ' Fergnson then Q took hold of - " jI ?^ 3 ^^^'™ . ""^ *
Ue ? K ^ ^ Sre ^ « f Sai ^ a ^ PP Si 3 \ ¦ * ffiff »" . " * 1 . ««> W il lo the brtd ^ , then went to Mr . Nichnison a ¦ ¦ £££ : ' Jtl to a ' ' ^ V J inera 8 hop , and-tput me and tnv <> liii < iintA
came to see me on Saturday night . The pocks ' made their appearanceonthe child first onSundaymornhiK . &- * ^ seer cam . I , toldtheb J ^ U ^ as . -. gojne to Newcastle , to see a son I had gWi .-IwaW and very weak . I had several ! Hi ? - ^ r ? Qnt on W body Jhe sa > d I had dieitcl ^ and if I was not removed then , it would be vmonUi or two before they ; could remove me ; he ¦^ . ^ A 1 ^? ? - ' - » id- - * -: < * ad- ^ fl «» leprosy of the iteh . NicholEou . ordered the woman of the house to get me what Iwanted , bat they gave us no medicme . I did not see the Dm *™ « . ™ ««™ .
the overseer . came on Monday and asked me if 1 S ^/ d m ^ 1 ?^ "h 1 ^ hmthe chUd had w « m H ' ^ ^ he BSU . d no , ' no ! He "dered the woman to get . me ; some breakfast . We were then token away man open cart . The overseer did not see us off ; but we were conveyed to Carlisle and set 'SSL V % ?** ' * man canied usto the ? a fefr My ^ ^ ' is at Newcastle , is John Clare ; he is a boot and shoemaker ; he is about twenty-one years of age . The money I got 5 & ° * k-7 i l t 0 pay mv l ^ giass at Springfield . I S ° ^^ t 6 * - ^ ^" oi
^ y- ^ - . ^ wiolson-Did I not ask you if you had altered your mmd , and that if wished to get to Newcastle « -Yes , it was to Newcastle I wished to be sent . , . ~ ni , S p r l ~ « br ght this woman and her chdd to Carlisle onMonday , the 9 th , in an open cart . IleftLongtown near - eighto ' clock in the morning . I left them inJierPohce-office lane , saying ?; There n ; the Pohce-office . " 1 was hired by Mi . JichoLou the overseer ; to . take them either ; to the Policeoffice or to the magistrates . It was a frosty morning . - ... - , . ¦ ;
Dr . Elhott-I . attended the child at the fever house . : I was there when it was admitted . - I found it universally covered with small-pox : its face was mnch 8 wollen . It died on Saturday last I considered it a very dangerous case . It had no symptom ^ the first day of having suffered from exposure to the cold ; but there were on the second day , though ! have seen the same symptoms when no exposure had taken place . It appeared to be greatly relieved for about twenty-four hours , then the symptoms returned , accompanied with fever . I do not consider it was proper to remove "the child in such a dangerous state . I attribute little effect from
very ¦ William Nicholspn-I am overseer of-Longtown Union . I was applied to on Saturday night to relieve thiB woman . - ; I saw her . about . nine o ' clock , and toid Mrs . Foster to get her whatever she wanted : and the Doctor called on Sunday morning . — The . Doctor said they had got the iteh . The woman Baid she wished to go to Newcastlej and I gave her a line for Is . 6 d . 1 called on Monday morning to see if she had altered her mind—it was between seven and eight o ' clock . ; The Doctor said if : she was not sent now it might be two months before she could be removed . ;
Dr . Eari—I saw the child on Sunday ; there was an eruption over the whole body ; it did not resemble the small-pox ; there , were small eruptions between ; the fingers , which resembled the itch ; it was not very ill at i that-time ; Ldid not consider them fit to be removed at that time , though I did not think there would be any . danger in doing so . 1 would have sanctioned their removal , but not so early onjn the day , especially if it was the smallpox . J did not think their , deplorable condition rendered them : unfit to be removed .. The woman seemed anxious to be removed . . ¦
Verdict —?; That Samuel Clare died from natural causes , but the conduct of Mr .- Nicholson and Dr Earl was highly censnrable , and : they strongly recommended , it to the attention : of- the Board of Guardians , as they considered the removal was made for the purpose of throwing expense ¦ on the Carlisle Union . " : ; -
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NORTHERN STAB . "A VICTIM-FAMILY OF BLACK WOOD . " Sir , —I have long wished to write io " the Star in reference to a matter which ought' to be considered of importance to all who love justice and . equity , and especially to persecuted and bjired . Chartists . It is a matter of deep interest to a large and respectable middle-class Chartist family ; a family that has aonem ' uch'td : ^^^ hills orilonnjouthshire . lit > is ^ asjibject Salter which is . pa ^ fiallyjKoyito ^ 'Mr ;; O'Cpnnprj and bnw in whichj J think'if . he knew , alljthejwould not scruple to use his ' powerful iuluence , kiibwledge , and talents for the benefit of that unfortunate . familyunfortunate whollyin consequence of this matter to which I am about to refer . ' I have hitherto waited ^ and delaved writing vou .
in the hope that ; some one , ' from the ' immediate ' neighbourhood where the Baid family reside , would have addressed you on the subject ; and I I now hesitate about doing it , because I have no authority from the party affected . ' . ' ' ; The family to which I refer reside in Blackwood . I will , at present , not mention the name ; the Chartists of the neighbourhood will immediately know it , when afew of the circumstances of the case are mentioned ; Mr : O'Connor will also , doubtless , recollect it , should he do me the honour to look at this letter . If our excellent , and , alas ! exiled friend , Mr . Frost , had been at home , or even in England , and at liberty , it would have been quite unnecessary for me to have attempted to draw your attention to the subject , for he could and would have given all the advice and
assistance that the family require . , The eldest son of Mr . — , of- — , mis , in consequence of some ill-founded reports , invented by the enemy , arrested seon after the fatal fourth of November last . He was charged with having been at Newport , or on the way to Newport , with ithe mob that ; came from the Hills on that ever-to-be ^ amented day . He was committed to Mohmouth on the charge of high treason ; and , as it eventually proved , without any evidence to sustain such an enormous and fearful charge . For he was one of the four who were acquitted without having been tried ; the charge was entirely abandoned ; he , . therefore , speedily returned to the place from whence he ought never , to have been taken in the way he washome . " ' * . . :
His family naturally felt extremely anxious about him While he lay in Morimouth Gaol under 'the awful charge of treason ; and , in their anxiety they left nothing undone which they in their innocent ignorance of such legal and criminal matters , supposed would scenrehis ultimate triumphant acquittal . They repeatedly went to see him , and endeavoured to make him comfortable , in a position , and in a place in which he , like many other innocent men , had never been before . They sought for advice from all the friends whom they thought could afford it ,
as to the best method to adopt in preparing for his defence . ' And the hastily issued Special Commission gave them but little enough time to prepare . Unhappily they procured advice from those who did not , or could not give them that which was good and best . They were advised to seek for , and to bring many witnesses to Monmouth . These they brought and kepc there from the first day the commission was opened until the young man was acquitted ; which , as you are aware was a considerable time . " . ' . ' ; " ' * . ' ¦'•' ¦ ;;
They , unfortunately for them , and probably in consequence of bad advice , had no confidence in the solicitors who acted with Mr . O'Connor on the eventful ^ occasion ; they were , therefore ,. left to the tender mbrcy " of another set of jneu—and . they have reason to say The tender mercies of the wicked aretrueL" ' -,. , : . The young man and his friends , after ' iihey returned home , began . to count the cost , and they found , to the astonishment of themselves and . of ail who have heard the tale , that they had already spent incarriage hire , and in supporting themselves and witnesses , nearly two hundred pounds ! And , as a climax to the disastrous amount , their lawyers , worthy creatures , sent in their account for the amazing sum of upwards of a hdsdred and thirty pounds sterling ! . "¦' .
Thereader . unaccustomed . totheintetestingdetails of a lawyer ' s bill , naturally inquires how such a prodigious amount of costs could have been incurred ? Was it for legal advice ! No . Was it for payment made , to counsel ? Oh , no . Not a farthing was paid to connsel ; none was engaged . What then 1 Why , gentle reader , it was principally , for carriage , hire , Ithe lawyer using his own gig , ) tavern expenses , and time : —and whose precious time , think you , was put at such high price ? Was it . that of the whole firm ? No . The young and inexperienced clerk was the only person in Court , belonging to the firm , when the vounff man was brought to the bar .
Now , Mr . Editor , can you or any of your numerous and well-informed readers and correspondents afford any advice in this matter ! Are these unfortunate people bound to ' pay , oat of their own pockets , such a large amount of their , honestly acquired property , for such an iniquitous purpose as to defray the expenses , ( and such expenses !) for the unjust prosecution of their son ? They being a very large family , and to pay three hundred founds , at once , or nearly so , in ready money , will probably ruin them . They are aware . that a lawyer ' s bill may be . taxed ; but they fear that the amount charged for taxing will be greater tbm that struck off the bill . What say you
to that ? or what ' will Mr . 'O'Connor advise ? I am surethat : if : ho be at liberty and has time to assist and advise , in tWs case , that he will not neglect to do . so . ^ Bu tlest he ' shouid be otherwise fully occupied , ' and unable to- attend to this , I hope others who may be able to advise , will do so through the columns of yourpaper . '; ., . ; ; , . _ . .. , -. ,: ,-. . < ,. -- « It may not be amiss to enquire iii tnis place , whether the men of the hills of Monihouthshire ^ of Blacks wood especially , and-of-the principalihr generallyj will allow one of their neighbours and feuowcounr trymen to . be . so grievously fleeced of his property , on such an occasion , and entirely on account of having taken part . in the . Chartist cause ? And ought ' not these people , the said injured family of Blackwood , to have some assistance , to pay the costs < incurred from the General DefenceTund ? _^^ ! I . trust this letter will be inserted in your valuable paper . And ¦ ; that the- iinatterj rifgrred ^ to iii if will : meet with due . and prompt . attention , is the humble hope of , . (/ . ¦ ''i /' * ?^ ' ' > . v' ¦ 7 •¦•• ,. •¦; . . Sir , . . ' ; '; : . ; . * . . , ¦ Your most obedient servant , : tntUt t , « . ™ j , < . * , ™; n n / r ., n'r > . j _ -- »»'; T «^
., . . ¦ -. . ., ., . ; , lOTA - Newport , ^ ^ Monmouthshire , March 7 th , \^ , ' , ; P . S . A . report . has been , extensively and industriously circulated all . this week in this neighbourhood , that the Chartists are coming into the town of Newport in thousands , on Tuesday next , March the . 10 th ; that they are coming unarmed ; that they are coming to enquire of the auttort 7 i « hero , " Why Frost , Williams , and Jones have , been sent out of the country !" -The authorities and the soldiers , are said to . be preparing to meet them ; and ' the town is to be put under martial law on Monday next . . Such is
voice of Rumour .. I believe there is no foundation whatever for . such a report ; it , is a ; mere invention , probably : of some . of . the . idle . soldiers , who have nothing to do but to invent and to circulate infamous lies , that they may , enjoy the fun : at . thc cost of great alarm to many of , the old ladies in petticoats , and breeches ,, and pantaloons .. The affrighted magistrates " believe all things . " ¦ ¦ - ¦ ¦ - '¦' ¦ : ¦ ' .. . ¦• - ¦ i ¦ . Iota . ' -- . ., ¦ : , -, ¦¦¦¦¦ . ? yww ^> ¦¦ ¦ - » : ' ; . , TO FEARGUS 6 'C 0 NNQR ,: ESQ . . ' Z . ¦ i ,. ; -j .: 'b ; t ; : ;•; - ¦ ¦ - ; Caerteon , March 9 thjl 840 . :
'• RESP £ crED ; PATRi 6 Ti—I haye ^ . beBh appointed by , the increasing . hody ^ of- ^ R ^ i < al 8 ; : f ) f , ith 9 ^ tp . wii . * f ; Caerle on , - in . . th ^ couhW . of v ^ flni&tK ^ toi ' . inforttt' you ' th ' ai-we ' regrewea yoiir refusal ; Of . ' dirr 'hBrable ; tribute > of , gratitude ; out , when we' ta ^ e into' con- , sideration the amiable motives which' induced you to refuse it , we feel ; perfectly satisfied , ' and highly applaud iyour geherousspirit . " We are well aware had it not been for your philanthropic and untiring exertions , our friends would , ere this , have slumbered with the dead . " * ,., ¦ ... "'• ¦ " We are - far from being dissatisfied , with your unpaid and unpurchaseable exertions , and your unbought devotion ; Neither would we deprive you of . the onlv consolation which bears von ub . - and aiisvug vuij vvugutwvivu * r 1111 * 11 UVU 1 O JVU u rf wiiU DU 3
, tainsyou through-the many trials arid difficulties you have to encounter with ; but how greatly must it add to that consolation to know that the hearts of the people are alhe to the deep " sense of gratitude which . they feel towards you : ' ^ ' " * ~< ... ' Wearo ' -vvell aware that . if all . the , riches > in the world were ; laid at your feet , they . ' would be inadequate to repay you tor the assistance which you have so freely given to the people ' s cause ; and after youhayefpught the battles . of the people ' success- ' fiilly , aidhayeretired . from your political . labours into the arms of domestic solitude , crowned . with'the . laurels of victory , how glorious will be your consolation to know , that you are for ever present'in the hearts of the virtuous and industrious
millionsthat your name by them will be transmitted down with applause' to succeeding generations—that the gratitude of the people wiil know no boundsy-U > riguage cannot express it—they oan only reply in the words , of an immortal poetr- : . : : ; ¦ ' U O what can idle words avail , ' ¦' - . ¦ ' ! ? : ' Unlesathe heart could speak . " ^ j Maylthe ^ victorysbo . n . be achieved . ,. May | the bold sons of Britannia dnce | more rally round the / jbiinnor of liberty'intheir . natiyeland ; aind may . ' yba ' . enjoy plenty and prosperity iii , your declining years-r and after you have passed this wearisome dream of life , ' mayyou be admitted into . the ^ regions of eternal-bliss j there to' rec eive , , au immortaL ^ rown of glory , as the full reward ' 6 f all ydur earthly h , b 0 UTS , - . - .. - ^^ : z . . . ¦ -- . ^ :: L-. ; .. - .:... - j . _ : ; : ; : ™^ r ^ r i - ;¦ ' ¦ ¦
Is the . hearty prayer of . . . i ^« . ' - - : ¦ - .- ! Your humble and obedient servant ^ [ :- (> ! ¦ •'¦ Benjamin Griffiths . ' ; Caerleon , Monmouthshire . ; ' . ; ' * ' " P . S . —If you should again visit Monmouthshire in your travels , Sir , avisiuoourtown is respectfully solicited by the majorTp ' art . of the inhabitants oj Caerleon . .. . . ' ¦ ¦' ; , •;¦'¦"'• . " . : . / ¦ ¦ ' ¦ ¦ ¦ " ¦ : ¦¦ ¦¦ . -m ;^ , ^ - ^ - ^
CRIM . CON .-ROBERTS V . BRUNSKIlli . ' SHERIFF'S C 0 UJaT ^! iSuiHp , rifciL | 3 l _;/ f Zw 0 tfm > & ^^ jE ^|^^ if ^^ 44 | M ^ ntyjbh . 'bartiller ' oiilhelfen ^^^ theicasefortheiplaintjffi t M ^ fle ' nry Boy ^^ den Rpbttfc solicitor , of ^ Noil ^' ilii ' siPjacei Tenlple ^ BarMfne ] defendant , is William ^ BranskiU&whtf U a pmaMan ^ the Horse Guar ( Js ;^ : ^ : ^ t ^* -m : i ^^^ M The declaration ' charged the defendanlvlMv debauched -the wifeof ; the plaintiffand therebv We ?
, priyed him of her society . . The defendant had offered ^ no defence to the charge ..- In the month of October last thepkuntifTwent ' into the ^ Country , ' audit was ; during his absence lhat ' tHe defendant contracted -an acquaintance with the . plaintifiPe wife , which terminated in her ruin and disgrace . > v On the return of the plaintiff to town , ' he , was apprised of circunK stances which left no doubtion ' his mind-of . the ' guilt of his wife , and he immedra ' telyj . sent her to her relatives , but he was in to taUdarfcaes ^ as . to the per ? son who was inonlpated Jin ^^^^^^^ ^ f frtitt- . less labour were spent ' in endel ^ PB | p ^^ fi Mo' ^ rf ^ in who the individual was , . Md , tne ' j r EfeiEtiffsS ; mincl '
Degan to waver , lest ne naa actea nastily , wnen ne obuined possession of Beyeral fetters from his " wifetbher paramour , which ' . atonce ^ cdnfirmedher , guilti and led to the discovery of the defendant . ' The defendant , being an illiterate man , was unable to understand the high-flown and romantic strain of his unhappy . correspondent , much less to reply r to her ; he therefore employed a person in the ' same tro ori , of the name of Jackeon , as his aniauuensis . _ &ck > : ^ n ' s . wtfO j ? feeU ^^ the parties concerned' in the V affair , " p bta ' inecl- pos | session of the letters , and ' handed them * over to : the \ plaintiff . : - ¦ - ' ¦ ' , ! .- \ A number of letters from Mrs . Roberisio the : defendant were then read . They were . wriijten inithe most approved style of the Minerva Press novels . The ; following are ^ extracts from one written after the idis 4 . covery of her guilt : — , ' ,, . , , ' ; .
« From-Mrs . Roberts to William-Brunskill , E troop , . B . H . G ., Regent ' s Park Barracks , Lon-: . don , dated Bedford Cottage , Spalding , October 29 / 1839 : — ' ' . - . ; " . ' . ' , _ Z , 1 ; £ "My dearest ' WilliamVl , ain sq perfectly con- ; vinced of your dcep Biiicerity for me , or I should ] not have ventured to have written to you without paying the postage ; but the fact is I . am at present penniless . From the address you will in Bomo measure conceive that something particular has oicuried . * •* * *; Oh !; protect me , HeaTen ] How am I to live through it , God , who has hitherto ' sustained me , only kuows . - 'My passion for jyou has got such possession of my heart that both reason and principle are silenced . You are my beloved
William to me , a being beyond mortal , fraught with everything that is generous and exalted . The jsole possessor of my all . i The human heart oft standshv needof some kind and faithful ^ partner of . its c ^ reij in whom it may repose its -weaknesses , ' and withwhom it iB sure of finding the ^ Bincerest sympathy . If your heart be like mine it will never wayer ; loV ; the most enthusiastic'that ever- emered wom ' aj ? s bosom , binds me irrevocably to-you . Thine I ^ aw and ever will be unto my life ' s end .- *• . ¦ .. * U /*? Whatever -pittance he ( Mr . 'Roberts ) allows , [ ybu shall have half ., J now onlji work' and toil for you , my beloved William . Pray write to ine , for I would ; sooner . forfeit my existence than -jour love and es- teem . --Remember the words you uttered tome , that you would never marry until you ¦ did me . ^ .
questioned you : yousttJorc you would never ^ neier ^ est sake me , -whatever tho result . Then , now ; is i the . time to prove your sterling value . If he will ; divprca me , will you marry me , and make me once more happy ? My happiness .. or .. misery depends ilplin yourdeciston .. ' jiiy feelings are . now bordering upM hope and , despair—hop < j ,. that . ypu .. will conform tffi your promise , and stilj , as jyou have , before lovedy love your Elfea . ; despair .. by , retraotiug from yoiir word and honour ... fib , J . do . not forsake : me , unless you wish me to bury alL . my-. |; rout ( les . inthe grave . Do write by return , of post ; . sympathise in my feel- ' ing 8 , and ; forgiye . a .. faUen .. woman . I would sooner dietiianiose y . Qu . . ... i . cannot , existwithQutyou . jTne direction you gaye . rowa . mjbosom * friend ; Myt l ^' e . I would spbjier . forfeit thwiti ; , Adieu in tears . " y , ' A The following js . 6 omano , theriletter , datedDe 9 emi ber ll , 1839 > r : .. ;' ..: " : . ^^ vt ui \ yM . ; : i ; ^
¦ : ^ 1 must ,-1 will-come to , youvand-cling rdurid your neck as thon ^^ v * 6 ato ' 'ojp jt : f 6 r- '' eyer * 4 No course of tiifae > - Hd . obapge ol p % W 9 i % o alteratidn of circumatancesj oan-eraBe-oif lessenthe pafision ; I naye for you . ' -It . wilLItrastjnevflc . expiBrience the'lbast ' decay . -lt . ^ Uv Meed , 4 w-WaHajii 3 Biake th ^ most important sicrificestoyour-happ ^ ne ^ ri ' cpiisble | youunder every affliction , and ever remain your . faithful Eliza in . dire advereity ^ dr dpmestic . ^ rrow . Indeed , dear William , you domisjudge ' iHy . -ffielings or you would not , I am certain , nay . 'sure , wthhold that kindness which sololy supports my sinking fortitude . Oh , my William , we cannot refiolyo'to tear ourselves from those we so fondly love .- Time , it is § aid , extinguishes love , but solitude renews the fire , and calls forth those agents which lie long concealed , and only wait a favourable moment to display their powers . We feel in the tranquillity of solitude that
Jamaica , '' . but , who ^^' n ^ aMJt ^ e ' bMiwliWii , yms in their-own .: '; ) , [ ,..: ¦¦ ? p * vi >» ff L ^ ii -. " ; V ,- ' \ - < . ¦ '¦ ¦ ¦¦¦' ¦ Ipeversaw thegood ^ befe of ' ¦ self-convictionmore genuinely ' displayed' thaajBohn Wood , ' at that time He was wishful to do ' eyerytmiig . tiiat could be done , to call the attention of the public to the crying evils of factory slavery . We talked the matter over till midnight , and it was arranged ' that I should address a letter on the subject to tho Editors of . the Leeds Mercury , Now , mark that , my friends , the Whig Leeds Merciiry , not the Tory Leeds InteUigertCcr . ' . --^ 7 ^^^
, j I was , ob . hged .-tp ' leave .. Mr . W . obd's house , very early the next morning . He , however , had loft orders with hisjaleti that ¦ " I must not depart without again sceing ' nim . ; ' ; X ;' saw ^ ^ llim ' ln'bed . ^ iHe was ' sttting up , readiugihis , Bible , 'i never , novefshaji forgot that scene Hig countenance , his position , one hand in mine , tho other ; resting btrthe VVord of Qort- ^ his voice and nianher /' a ^' abovoaU . JhVsolemn . forco of these words"fhaye had no rest this night : I have been seeking comfort inthis book , - but in every pago I read-my own condemnation ! I wished to see you before you left , in of der ^ to'urge you . not to lose ' a single day , but at once , withlallyour talent and energy , t « expose this horrible systemof slavery . " i .,-,: ... j . 1 .
In that ' solemn hohr ' I vowed "that I would bo faithful ;'' and , ' . my ; ' friends , ' . my conscience tells me , even now , ' that I have kept tliat solemn , costly vow . It may . have happened—nay , it has happened—that , in doing so , I have offended that friend . We are no longer acquainted : it is ^ niany year s since I heartl his voice ; his face is now strange to me . I Lavo , however , this . . day heard that ho ; still remembers nie ; and that , knowing the poverty of my present condition , not long 'hgo'he , was one of those individuals who anonymously ' ministered tomy necessities ' . . So that , it seems , although the , manner in . which I . have endeavoured to redeem that vow has , as he supposes , rendered me unworthy iof his ; so ~ ciety , > Btill he . feels that I do not deserve to dio of hunger . ' *•* ' ' }¦ _ ^ \ ' " \ '; - -i ^' ¦?;¦'¦ ' ¦ ¦ .. ¦ ¦ ¦; .- ; ' - ' ' f . ' ^ In tfe ^ u jrse ' t of tn is ; narrative ^ John Wood ' s ' name will of ten be : mentioned . ' You know , much " of him " ; you shall soph know more . .. I have done him injustice ; I have told you of his fault , and left niany virtues , unrecorded . Before I conclude , this series , of- letters , you shall know him and many others ,. as - .: intimately as myself . : 'He 1 is " ¦ • a rare - character—possessed of more 'real good than many , " . who have credit fijr j much . more than he . . I know that ho still remembers -me ; , I . guess why he no longer seeks niy company . -So much at present for my old friend John Wood : ' - ; . " ¦ - ' •¦ . ' " ¦¦ ' ¦
The very day . I . left his rhouse I wrote a letter to the Editors of the \ Leeds . Mercury . On my way to Leeds , I met my friend , "Mr .. Wood . He read the manuscript , ' approved ; of it ,. bui ; . ' feared that the words " more horrid , " would- give . offence .. I replied , " If you have told , me the'truth , there is nothing in black slavery half so horrid as the , cruelties practised in your fac' tbries ; "'heresponded , " '' I . havo told you nothing but the truth . ' . ' . ThensaidI , "Iwill not omit the words
. V , mpre , l ) orrid , " ... - ., > ¦ . My . friends , ' I now raquest that you will mark dates and ' circumstances . Komembar ' tbaf this , letter was written on the , 2 Uthof Septeinber , 1830—that it was addressed to theBilitors of tiie Leeds Mercury ~ that I had always been opposed - to black slavery , aye , when the Whigs were , hooting , pelting , and slandering Wilberforce , ' ¦ I / had alwiys " ' been , found' supp orting . him agauist ' thjir . ' malico . Remeniber , aiscthat the Duke of Wellington ( notLordGrey ) ' was then Primo Minister
—that the Reform Bill : had not then been proposed Remember that this letter on " Yorkshire Slavery , " was written one year beforethe Reform agitation ; , and , also , mark " well that it was impossible that I could have consulted Mr . Thornhill on the subject ^ before I wrote that letter anddelivered-it to Baines . The unparallelod . baseness . of my opponents—the Whigs—requites that as yoivperuae the history of tho factory agitation ; ( which I will make as sbort as I can ) , you should always keep these facts in your memory . The reason why you must be careful hot to forget them , will unfold itself as you proceed .
As I have been charged with improper , with political party motives , in my advocacy of the rights of the ' factory jch ndrenjj and , .. as I , ; have . explained to you under what circumstancosj I . first became ^ acquainted with'their wrongs and theii sufferings , I ' - will not ^ o ^ fc ft > r ^^ f 1 ftt ^ fl ^ e % ^ . on . the ; subjecfc , " the letter . to which I have been alluding —the letter which . aroused a feeling anil kindled a flame . in England ; which ' Tcau- ' never ; be appeased nor extinguished * until justice , real justice ' is done "to'the ; victims of factory slavery . . *^
Do not be alarmed , lam not about to inflict upou . you that long and tedious correspondence' to . which this letter gave ' rise . "But ; injustice to the cause , and to myself , 1 ' think itiis right that , thatjfette ' r , . ' . as , inserted in itho Leeds Mercury , ' October 1 G , 1830 ,-.. should ' now speak for itself . .. 'i'ho . Factory agitation ' . and > the New Poor law question / are so intiinato ' y connected with my discharge from Fixby , and with the lawsuit , ¦ which is perpetually ' hanging over mo , at tho suit of Mi-Thornhill , that . it : would , be impossible you should
understand the two latter , if you wore ignorant of tho two former . Thisisniy excuse for introducing them . I dare say my letters ' will not woaxy you ; they will convey information , on these subjects ' , and interesting anecdotes respecting porsons , wl-. ich will , I believe , be valued by Yorkshiremen . . It is ncodful that you should remember that the four gentlemen appealed to in this letter were then the Members of Parliament for Yorkghiro . j At that time the county representation had not been divided . ' ' *¦ ¦¦ - ' '¦'¦¦' .
• -.. " YORKSHIRE SLAVERY . " To tiie Editors of the Leeds Mercury . " t It . is the pride of Britain tint a slave cannot exist on her soil ; and if I road the genius of her con- ' Btitution . aright , I find that slavery is most abhorrent to it—that tho air which Britons breathe is frep—the grouud on which they tread is sacred to liberty . VRev . IP . Hamilton ' s Speech ; : at the Meeting Iield in the Clolkhall Yard , Sept . ' 22 nd , 1830 . " . " Gentlemen , —No heart responded with truer accents to the sounds of Jiberiy which were heard in the leeds Cloth-hall yard , on tho 22 nd instant , than did mine , and from none could moro sincere and earnest
prayers arise to the throne of Heavan , that hereafter Slavery might only bo known to Britain in the pages of her history . One shade alone obscured my pleasure , arising not from any difference in principle , but from want of application of the general principle to the whole empire . The pious and able champions of Negro liberty and Colonial rights should , . if I mistako not , have gone farther than they did ; or , perhaps , to speak more correctly ,, before they , had travolled so far as tho West Indies , they shouldj || i ; least for a few moments , have sojourned in ourTown * immediate neighbourhood , and have directed the attention of tho meetiug to scouts of misery , " acts of oppression , and victims of slavery , even on the threshold of our homes .
. ' "Let truth spoak out . Appallingas the statement may appear , the fact is true : tuous : iuds of our fellowcreatures and fellow-subjects , botli mala and female , the miserable , inhabitants of a Yorkshire town ; ( Yorkshire now represented in Parliament , by the giant of anti-slavery principles , ) arc this very moment existing inastateofislavery , more horrid , than aro the victims of that hellish , system — 'Colonial slavery . ; These innocent creafurtis drawl out tinpitiud their short but miserable existence , in a place famed for its profession of religious zeal , whose inhabitants aro ever foremost in professing . ' Temperance' and 'Reformation , ' ; and are always striving to outrun their neighbours in missionary
exertions , and would fain send the Bible to the farthest corner of the globe—aye , in the very- placa where the anti ' -slaveryfever ' rages most furiously ! Her apparent charity , is not more admired on earth , than her real cruejty is abhorred in heaven—the very streets ! whic receive the droppings of an 'Anti-slavery Society' arc every morning wet by the tears of innocent victiins at the" accursed shrine of avarice , who ' are compelled ( not by "tho ' cart-whip of the Negro ' slave-driver , ) but by the equally appalling thong ; or , strap of the overlooker , to hasten ,, half-dressed , but not half-fed , to those magazines of British ' Infantile Slavery—tho worsted mills in the town and neighbourhood ' of Bradford !! . '
' "Would that I had Brougham ' s' eloquence , that I might rouse the hearts of the * nation , " and mako every . Briton swear , 'Thfse hiuocarits shallbp free ! " : / "Thousands of little cluldrenj'lioth male arid female , but principally female , fromseven to fourteen years of age , are daily compulled to lahour , from six o ' clock in the morning to- seven in tho evening , ' with only-Britons blush whilst you read iti—with only thirty minutes allowed for eating and' recreation . Poor
infants ! ye are indeed sacrificed at the shrine of avarice , without even the aolace of tho negro slavo . Ye are no more than he is , freo agents—ye are compelled to work as long as the necessity of yonr needy parents may require , or the cold-blooded avarice of your worse than barbarian masters may demand ! Ye live in the boasted land of freedom , and feel and mourn that ye are slaves , and slaves without the only comfort whkbC . the Negro has . He knows it is his sordid mercenary master's interest , that he should live , he
^ irii ¦ f ± JV > iL-l . i . xJi \ . ' ~ :-Ll . X .. i . I .. . irresistible impulse which the God of nature has ' so strongly impTariteain ' the hu'rian-breast . I do beseech yousend me an early reply .- •¦¦• - ¦ ¦ 'i vThfee - other'aetVerd ; written- ; ih ! 'the same strain , directed to the . saine : person - , were also read ; after wn Vr . ?? e blowing episHefrpm Mrs . Roberts to her . nusoand . was readj'dated-a ' rjv . .: ^ .. . . ¦ ¦ : ¦ ;! . v . \ ¦ j ; ' *' ¦ ' ¦ ' ¦" * ; ¦ ¦ - ¦ - ¦ " :: ¦ . ¦ : ¦¦ ' ' - "January 26 , 1840 . . n "My . Dear : Henry , ^ Ih ; what : terms shall I presume to , address you , o . r how deprecate the first indignation you must . feel at" mo 1 I-wish not to < ¦¦ ¦\ Vy . ;" " ij ^ : t . . ^ . v ; \^^^ XT ^ 3 ^ 3
: extenuate my guilt , but to implore ' that ' your malice will extend to no one elsefcuttme . v . Shuu' those insiduou 8 disturbers of domestic , couco ' rd , who seek to interfere in . familyaffairs . or-disputes ,, and whose interference is equally uiiwarrahtable and mischievous . "Ihopo' justice and mercy " , will' be \' shown ; mpthat I shall iind a lenient judge in ydiij my on ' ceifpnd husband :-I . know you arefto ' o . gencrqus . toretaliatej and shall eagerly expect a line by the next post , to assure me that youforgive " " : . .- ¦« - . "• ¦ ' ¦ i : i ¦> > -- . ' ' ¦ ' ; : f- ' - ^ - "Elizx . ' .
: ' > K 3 H . ^ Roberts 5 'Es ^ -- --- ••• . " 1 , Child ' s ' -plaoeS Middle Temple . '' : s This" was-followed by ^ quoiationfrom"Byron ' s tEareweU ^ com ' mencing . wita- ^ ; " ; ^ . Vr . ; ; - . ' v'VAn ^^ henthotfwoald'filBolaoe gathe r , " fitc . ^ V The ' wUn essesSvere theu jcalled , who . bore testi-¦ mony to' the' ^ laiutiff and his % ifo ha ying lived upon the most- , kindt arid affectionate .: ' terms ; previously to the unfortunate occurrqnceii (; . : , - ; ¦ . ¦ , : ¦[¦¦' . ¦ ' . . The ChaifrmaiV : ' addressing ^ lie Jury , said tho plaintiff'had refrained , from proving any ' of tho criminal circumsta , nces of tUe case / That , ' however , was . immatenal ^ xcepii as to tKe / ainount of damages , inasmuch . aavihe ; defendaiit = had not attempted . to
, . deny the charge . ' Ha ' ct-thBy , however , been in possession of tfte ^ wliblp ' of' the" facts ' , they would have : been better ^ ablft ^ fo" judge-as to the degree , of turpituderiojbe . iatt ' abhed' . ; to . the . defendant . The co udupi . -: . of : J ; the ^ plaintiff ' 8 . ' . ^ aSj ap-1 peared even from her ! ojra ^ etfers , was in 03 t disgiistingj ' -audj' considering ^ 'ttf ^ respectaljle ' statioribf'h pr friends , the ; ljboral ; edttoation she hadireceived , and ¦ the , , statio , n jt '; life of ^ Her ^ hjigbandjithe oase was , mostJi % es 3 mg . .., TH ^ d 7 amages were laid at £ 1 , 000 ; ^ TW ^ h QWeyerrway ^^ a ^ esttbX' fbr . the Jury . ¦ : \ \ " ^ o ^ ury ^^ # a ^ ol ^ erari - |^ verdic 1 &rfhe % lainti ' ff ^ Pamages- £ 500 . ' "¦ ¦" - u - - " - - ' w : ;! % ^ : , > t -:: ¦ ¦ : ¦ , ¦ ;;¦ ¦ : ; z ^ : ^ - ¦ ' ' ¦ ¦ .:-: ¦ ' ~
1 . .: '¦ ^ i l' ^ S&iFrTT ^ : :: T ,. 1 ^ TT '; - ¦ : .. .:- ¦ . : ; ¦ i ' . D ^ ungtoN ; 'Joint . SiocK f Provision Stores;—' ThaSt . Johh ' s : Iiodge , of tfie ^ Ianchester . TJnity , have afjreed ' to , invest £ 50 : out ^ of tlie'lbdge- ; fuiia , " along with £ 75 'of 4 beir ~ ownmiSmbeVs , unindlvidu ' al shares of Jen shillings ea / sh , thu ^ making a ' oapital of £ 125 to cpmmence with . iThe ^ RosejOf Sharon Lodgehaye alsoasfeeil ; to cbmmeb # witK' £ 7 p of theirfunds , and to ' get ' a 3 inany shares as they ^ oan . These man are 'beginning to seethatthby . ; canhot accumulate much by , lettjng their money stay , in the banks , and it is to be . hoped that ' otlier lodgesV will not be slow to follbw this ' example and ' make the most of their hard earnings ' . ¦ ^ i .:. & ¦¦¦>• V-H ' i .: vs :.. . ¦;" - . . ;¦ :. ; ; - '
. ,, At the MARTLEBJ )| J _ E HPfFiCB , yesterday week , Mr . John Alnslie ^ vet ^ riiaary surgeon , Nassau-street , charged Thomaa Beck > with stealing : the Queen ' s favourite spaniel ,. " Cherry , f which had been placed under : his ; care .. Mr . "Aiifslio ,, had . Cherry in . his drawing-roomj intending'tfi "devote-the apartment entirely to . Cherryi though a very quiet and harmless dog j belonging . to Lady Sufen . j ) uncombe had been permitted'to . associate : witlrnei ¦ "Majesty ' s favourite . On Thursdy nightf ( EHerry disappeared , - and the prisoner . was susDPcled ' ofistealiug . it . .. There . was no i eyiclencej , . how exer ^( 8 un > B . ient 1 to detain him ; and the mgistrate ' l ( dyisod \' Mr . Ai ' nslie ( to offer a large reward . for tharestoratioh of Cnerry .
NoTHNGHAii . —On "Saturday , " James Tarratt ; tWoodhouse , 'Jonathan Barber , Thomas Wright , and . Thomas . Legg , were i ' seyerallyiindicted for jiotoiis p _ rpceedings pir the , 12 ch , of August last , that being oiie of the "three sacred' a " ays "' app 6 inted by thp Ch ' artistfl'' CPnventibn ' . ' . They ; aH' pleaded : guilty ! Lord Denman . said'he thought . he should notjboide- ' serjiing . his duty . if ^^ he . refrained ; from'inflicting any punishment upon the defendants ' at present . ' iNo 1 3 iiagnienf ..: wbuld-now ^ be r pjf 4 nPuncea ;? but thodfef ^ nclaijts 1 would enter intOstKeir own recognizances ¦ infte ' suWof ^ lOO . -andfind t ^ o ' sureti ^ sm f <>?¦ theiw Appearauce to recfeive judgment if ' called uponi ^ -In tho a ^ tion . of . tiespass against Mr . IUnwih , ! a , ? j |^ Utrate ,. # d ; ., throe ^ b pnetabies , . for entering ^ Bryaugth ftChar ' tist ' sWuse afSuU ^^^ r ttefiug Kt ^ ftjthe ^ iaway * a ^^ qu antitj'ipf . papers jiho Jury ' couldnbt agree : and were diEohajged . —T . jjfies ;/ ; .- , , ¦ . f
\ 3 ^ i ? Ri ^ N 4 ,- ^ r ^^|; is l | i n " eedful thk-I Bfiqid leave Mr . -Jh'ijrn ^ i fef ^^ ^^^^^ S ^^ Spy& ^ IIkror l ^ p ^ JM ^ liij ^^ n ^^^ e ^ raove : ; ' —to ^^^^ o ^ ^ sa ^^^^^|||? pleasares / which t ^ w ^ idlso ^ l ^ nclJsftt hi ^ ifrl ^ l ^ J ^ f ttusti ^ yeihim ^ jwW lst he iB ^ inlxJ tfeekjng his relaxaii | t f ^ the ; Jfestiyo ' b / dard , at the gambling table , or on . th ^ race ^ course . '" , It V&hajrbe my business , because my dutj [ reqinres it , ¦ no w *^ xallyom : niost serious attention
tb ^ jthe , unparalieled " ; suffet |^ M -Uiose nmocent victims ofv ^ yetpusriess , who arethefoWdatipn of the boasted wea | th aiid . power " of ^ this mighty ¦ erii pire l-fth ' osb despised- 'iittle . innoceuKsufferers , whose " kiiling ' labours supply the iueans , which btijers ' use ' . fdr ^ thoir . " oppres' sibn ; J ' rS-the means of enjoyment / for ; the voluptuoua sonil'bYjpleasure , who , ' in-. ttie jride of their hearts , laugh ^ iitth ' etearsof the innoMntTancV ' mocFattheir ^ m ^ laluts !¦•• ^ . ^ ' , '•'• '¦ ' > ' ¦ * " i ^ - - ^ ,:- - ¦ ' ¦'¦ ; ! : - ¦ ..-. Inniy last letter , I informed . you . _ Qat * % ; had heard lotiVUe - . sufferings of-the factory ' cuirdrenViii , Strange , : ' at'Thad never heard of thein , never thought of them before i 11 had many , ' yery many , yearaiprior to that , vheaacdipfitho suffering ' s M thb black adult slaves , and , with , -Wilbeiforce , I : had endured theiscoffs and thu
blowsjiaad tho peltingsof . the Whigs of Yorkshire , for , ^ ema ? ding their : '' emantipatton ;;( BaipesV . waSoUien ,: the foremost in ^ that hellish , throng . At the time when I wns first iuformed ; of _ . the sufferings , of the . white infantine ' slayes of tho British factories , the tables , however , : wer , e turned , and the self-same Yorkshire ' "j ^ iugs , who Jiatl beea thejprnwr traaucers and defamera ' : of ' Wii \ bejforco ,. having , found that , the question of ; black slave . eniancipation was likely to prove a good
' pin | to ' hangVtheir pop | Jarity on , had changed their ( notpVarid were now ; 'found < xin < Snizing the very man , ^ pmftrinbrly ' ^ to wns , " groaned at on tu ' e ! ntistirigs ,- defamed' ' in their prints , aVd ; movede ' arthand hell ^ tp keep out-of Parliatnent ; tney ' ; we re so ' enamoured now of Wilberforce , who ; at . ib ' at time : " lay a-dying , " that they sent for iBrpugham to agitate Yorkshire in his praise , andto helpthem to " slaver" their former ' victim with their foul and loathsome praise ! ^ :
:. It was on the 28 th September , 1830 , when Yorkshire twos rjnsing with . the echoed groans of the West Indian .-slaveij , when the Whigs were howling , at every street corner , ; because of .. the national sin . of enslaving their ^| i black brethren , " that Iifirst learnt , that in her own DospB } ,-Yorkshire qhe , rished , and had long nourished , a ¦^ ger ' more" hateful , more deadly , and more , terrific i ^ ten-that in . pur iiistant colonies , . which she was then iso loudly aud so , hypocritically denouncing ! , : I take shame to _ myself , that-I had remained so long ignorant of tho sufferings of . so many thousands of my ittnocent , industrious , infantile neighbours , ; , that I had 1 | orso many years rejoiced when I hadwitnessed the midnightgiaro of the factories - unconBcious then of the
; intonge . . ^ sufferings , tlie : death-croating lahour , the agonizing tortures of tho . poor victims imprisoned in those dazzling' Lazar houses , and condemned to be the Islavespf such a hellish systein . Tue slaves oj those ' vef ^ " saints" who wore so lond . in then ; denunciations againsVa : niore lenient system of " slayeVy adopted by p eer ' s J Foolish " marii" that I [ then was ! I fancied ithat those illuminations of death were living proofs of . 1 ; ho Kokp ' erity of our trade , j—that they were the strik- ' Hrig emblems of ' plenty and of happiness ! So foolish ¦ yas i . l ' ahd ignorant . One thing , however , I shall neverh aye to blame myself for , I did nbt delay to run tb'thSJrescue of this innocent , suffering victims , when I heard ' of the cruelties and sorrows which dwelt
be-Wafh so much' apparent prosperity and happiness . I immjdfiitely raiseil ' ahue and cry against the murderous me&teri wjitcli . has sinco been echoed in Parliament , ^ ishall he rerechoed there until . the monster yields ;' ! jjt wasimy friend John-Wood , of Bradford . -who first iOpenedmyieyes . ' I shall " never forget that evening . :, We . ; w . ere sitting by a good fire , enjoying every comfort : whicb wealth could produce , . all of which had , been pnrchased by the killing labours of his factory children ! Ho had heard of the public meetings on behalf of the black slaves—he had seen tho walls , of Bradford covered w ith , placartls , denouncing that " horrid system ; but these things had caused him to blush , for himself—to
mourn over tho hypocrisy , of his brother sinners , the canting , liberal , weeping , Mammon-worshipping , factory ' masters of Bradford ; who were the ' loudest brawlers against the mote in ths eye of their brother tyrants of
Btrong and healthy ! Not so witlt'you . To aro doomed to labour from morn till . night , for one who caves not how soon your weak and tender fraines aro strutched to breaking ' ., You aro not mercifully valued at so much . per head ; this would assure yon at , least , ( even : with > the worst and most cruel masters , ) of the memy showa to their own labouring beasts . " No , no ! yonr soft and delioate limbs are tired , and fagged , and jadert , at only so much per week ; and when your joints cm act no longer . your emaciated frames are cast aside , tho boards on which you lately toiled and wasted life nwiy , svre instantly supplied with other victims , -who in this boasted land of liberty are hired—not sold—r . s slaves , " .
and daily forced to hear that they are free . Ou ! -. Duncombe ! Thou hatest slavery—I know thou dost resolve that "Yorkshire children ' shall : no moro . be slaves . " And Morpeth ! who justly gloried in tiie : Christian faith—Oh , Slorpeth , listen to the cries and coirat the tears of theso poor babes ,, and . let ; Sfci v ., Stopbon's hoar thec swear— " they shall no longer groan in-slssery !" And Bethell , too ! who swoars oternal hatred to tho name of slavo , whene ' er thy mauly voice is heard in Britain ' s senate , assert the rights , and liberty of Yorkshire Youths . . And ; BROUGHAM !—thou who art thu chosen
champion of liberty in ovory climo—oh bond thy giant ' 8 mind , - and . listen to tho sorrowing accents of . these poor Yorkshire little ones , ' andnote'theirtears ; then let thy voice rohearso ! their woes , and touch tho . ohord thou only holdest—tho chord . that sounds above—the silvery notes . in praiso of heavenly liberty ; and . ' flown descending , at thy will , groans in tho horrid cavdrus ot tho deep , in muttering' sounds of misery accursed to hellish bondage ; and as thon sound ' st theso nctas , let Yorkshiro heartheo swear' Her children shall bsfreo !' Yes , all yo four protectors of onrrights , chosen by freemen to destroy oppression ' s
rod' "' Vow one by one , vow altogether , vowj With heart and voice , uternal enmity . _ ' -. . . Agamst oppression by your brethren ' s hands ; Till man nor woman under Britain's laws , . , Nor son nor daughter born within her . ompjro , . ' . ; . , Slmll buy , or sell , or uniK , oil he a . slave !'" " The nation is now most resolutely determined that Negroes shall be free . let them , however , not forget that Britons havo common rights with Af'iuc'S sons . ¦
" The blacks may bo fairly compared to beasts 01 burden , Icept , for their master ' s use * The whites , to tlibs ' e which others keep and-let for hire ' . If I have succeeded in calling tho attention of your readers to tho horrid and abominable system on which the worsted mills in and near Bradford are conducted , I have' done some good . Why should not children , working iri them , be protected by legislative enactments , as well as-those who work iu cotton mills ? Christians . ahonld feel and act for those whom Christ so eminently loved , and declared that ' of such is tho kingdom of heaven / "I remain , J ! "Yours , &c , - . ' , "lUCIIABD OASTiEB , "Fixby Hall , near Huddorsfieldi Sent . 29 th , 1830 . " -
Tell me , now , myfrionds , toll mo truly , isthefoone word in that letter which could offond any person who sincerely wished for the emancipation of tho black slaves ? Is there one word which tho most violent partizan could suppose to be intended or calculated to arouse party spirit ? Can tho party politics of tho writer be discovered in any expression in that letter ? It has been said , " that I was actuated by party feolings ! " Yes , my friends , such a monstrous assertion
has been made , for the vile purpose of perpetuating tho slavery of the factory children ! Surely tho purusal of the abovo letter \ vill now satisfy every reador that there was no party feeling oxpressed or implied in that letter . It will ho manifest to all , that thoso who charged tho writer with patty . purposes , were themselves the vory tools of that party which wished to perpotuatu factory slavory—that canting party whioh wopt and howled so loudly over the minor evils of black slavery .
When I presented tho , manuscript of that letter to Mr . Baines- ^ -it was 'signedii"A Briton "—I told him , that if there was anything - in it , of which he disapproved ho might alter it , so as not to leave out the facts . If he thought that tho remarks were too violent he might soften them . " Ho read tho letter aloud in my presence ; arid then expressed his surpriso and hor - ror at the facts stated ; but said— " Really , Mr . Richard , I think it impossible—human naturo could not endure it ! Besidos , I am suro , many of the Bradford manufacturers aro vory liberal and humane , and they cannot be guilty of such horrible cruelty . " Ho then asked me — "Are you . £ uro tliat you are not deceived ? Is your author ity such ; as you can depend upon ? " I said
" That it was impossible that I could bo deceived ; and I told him who was my author . Ho then said"The charge is so serious , and against aclasssorespectablo , that we cannot publish it without . a real name ; " I was by no means wishful to come into perj ^ nalvi 8 trifeAWiuifj 39 . man y . of my neighbours , and said "Will it not be-enough if yougivo my name to any person who . denies the facts ? " " No ! " he responded , without a real name we cannot publish such a serious charge . ' ! . I asked for a pen , and immediately substituted my nanie for the anonymous one . Mr . Bainea j $ | h said , " If the statements are true , iS is an excullenfc Iptter—it is not at all too violent—I shall not alter a . single letter ? But I cannot help thinking that thoro 13 somo mistake in tho facts . "
My friends , you will ; as you proceed , see the necessity of beajuig this conversation in mind ; and , also , the now acknowledged truth of all those facts ; and , also , of manyinph more horrible cruelties which the opposition of tue factory masters Lavo forced me to prove and publish . And now , for the present , Farewell , Richard Oastleo . No . 106 , Sloane-street , Chelsea , March 10 th , 1840 .
P . S . I must not forget to mention the pleasing clr « cumstanco to which I alluded in my last postscript I went , as I told you , to the Middlesex county meeting , at % Jhe Freemasons' Tavern . , . When . I arrived at the door , I found that the requisitors , being terrified at the ruffian-like conduct of Daniol O'Connell and Company , at the previous meeting , instead of calling the meeting out of doors , and placing themselves under the protection of the people , as they ought to have done , had very foolishly resolved to admit , by ticket only , and it was said , "that nono but freeholders would be admitted . " I was told that I should have no chance of admission . You know that I am not easily put down . Well , I resolved to press through tho crowd to the door . ; arid at once tell my name , my object , and ask for a ticket
Tho door was immediately opened , and as soon as I entered , a gentleman accosted ino : "Mr . Oastler , " said he , " , do you wish to see the Committee ? " " No , Sir , thank you , " I answered , "I wish to g * to the meeting . " " I will show you to tho platform , " 8 aid my new acquaintance . " By no means , Sir , " I responded " , " be so kind as show mo where I can see all , and hear all , and be quiet . " My guide then said , "Follow me , Mr . Oastler , and I will find you a seat in the Organ Gallery , which has not been taken by the Committee , and where you will be very comfortable . " He took me up the grand staircase through a large dining-room , and seated me in the best place in the Grand Hall . He told me , " tho gentlemen in this gallery are principally
Members of Parliament . " I am sure that he . told them who I was ; they were very polite and kind tome . Before he left me , he said , — "Would you wish any refreshment , to be brought to youi Sir . in an hour ot two ? " I thanked him , and mid " Yes . " Yon know that I always liko to be comfortable . In'due time my kind friend returned . » Would you have the refreshment brought hero , Sir ; or would you rather retire into a private appartment ? " I had a desiro to be bettor acquainted with tho gentleman , and said , — " I will retire with yon , Sir . " We went into a snug room , where wine and biscuits were waiting for me . There was another gentleman in tho room . I was dolighted with the wine and the biscuits ; but more so with my two new , kind , hospitablo friends . '
I found that he who first introduced himself to me had admired my speeches and letters—had followed me : in London to the different meetings where I had spoken—was deeply interested in my welfare—disgusted with the-treatment I had received from Mr . Thornhill—and was most anxious to know about my future prospects . I cannot tell you all tho kind things he said ; nor can I oxpress to you the real pleasure which that interview gave me . V " I said that you would be pleased , I know that you are now pleased . . . If my old friend , Wood , is ashamed of me—if my old master , Thornhill , would crush me—it is gratif ying for me and for you to know that men of higher rank than either of them are happy to make acquaintance with your " old king . " . -.. '¦ .
More comfort still—I have just learned that Daniel O'Connell is in a tremendous rago at me . But my space is already occupied . Wait till , next week fat particulars ! B . 0 ,
Vjpppltw Yorkshire' P
vJppPLtW YORKSHIRE' P
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Northern Star (1837-1852), March 21, 1840, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/king-y1kbzq92ze2676/page/3/