On this page
- Departments (4)
- Adverts (19)
4 - -¦ •-¦:-;• --- ^ - : - -••-• • • -- ...
BO OKS PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY JAMES YTATSOS, S, Qneen'a Head-passage, Paternoster-row.
GREAT SUCCESS.—TKUB RECIPROCITY
TIIE TEN HOURS' BILL.
ToDM0BDEJf.~On the 20th ult, a meeting o...
Laud & Labour Bank.—At a meeting of tho ...
Colchester.—On Monday last, a public mee...
AppoiKTMBNT or Poor-law Inspector por th...
The Misiso oobrsal announces that 'Princ...
THE NORTHERN STAR, SATURDAYJANUARY 1, 1848.
PROGRESS. DEMOCRACY AT H O ME AND ABROAD...
COERCION IN IRELAND. On Wednesday the ne...
mi^Ln J U i ,croa . 8» ba* at tha same t...
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
4 - -¦ •-¦:-;• --- ^ - : - -••-• • • -- ...
4 - ¦ - ¦ :- ;• --- ^ - - - •• - • • -- ; - ' •;; - - — - •—¦ ¦ ' ' . the ' j-orthem ' ^ m ,- - _____; : — ' ¦ : ^ - ¦ ¦''' ^ ¦ ^ : ¦ ¦ ^ ^^^' ' V ^^
Bo Oks Published And Sold By James Ytatsos, S, Qneen'a Head-Passage, Paternoster-Row.
BO OKS PUBLISHED AND SOLD BY JAMES YTATSOS , S , Qneen ' a Head-passage , Paternoster-row .
PEOPLE'S EDITION OF THB PURGATORY OF STJI- ' CIDES : with corrections ani a « ditlens . By Thomas Cooper , the Chartist . To fee completed in six f arts at sixpence each ; or in e ighteen numbers at twopence each . Parts 1 , 2 , and S , and numbers 1 Va 7 , are how ready . Riciard Cirlile's Manual of Freemasonry , the three parts complet » ia 1 toI ., cloth boards 6 « . Sow publishing in weekl y numbers at Twopence , and in monthly parts at KiaepeBce each , THE REASGNER , and UTILITARIAN RECORD , a journal of Theology , Slorals , Politics , and Communism . Editei by G . J . Holyoake . Tols . 1 and 2 , price TOUT shillings and sixpence each are now published . HoIyoake ' sMattetaaticsnoHyitery ; « r , the beauties and Usee « f Euclid . With plates , 1 vol ., price Half-a-erown . Hotyoaie ' s Practical Grammar and Hand Book . 1 Yol . Price Tws shillings and sixpence . s . d .
Great Success.—Tkub Reciprocity
GREAT SUCCESS . —TKUB RECIPROCITY
'AM . FOB BACH , AHB EAOB ?» B AM / TO THE- MEMBERS OF THENAUONAL LAND COMPANY . Fjhexds , —The propriety of establishing a Satiohal " Bemtit Sosieti has been fregnently urged upon our attention , and a strong deure expressed that we should originate one , in order to afford ah opportunity to those of our friends , who haT . e a dosire of joining an institution under th « auspices of the movement party , and established for the purpose of aiding the onward march of Democracy . With the desire of our friends we cordially sympathise , and were it not that our time is fully and completely ocaupied in attending to onr present engagements ; wo should feel great pleasure ia complying with their wishes . We hare long been of opinion tbat tha cause of the people would b » much serred by the OStaWiihaent of such an Association ; At present there are thousands who join other societies who woald prefer becoming members of one composed of person * whose opinions harmonise with their own , and whosa funds instead of being placed at the disposal of their enemies , would be applied to benefit themselves , and the cause which they have at heart . We must , howerer , decline catering upon the organisation of such a body but , at the game time , would recommend all who feel interested in the matter , to join the NATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE BENEFIT SOCIETY , Which has been soma time in existence , and which was established for the purposes above enumerated . Tho actual management of it devolres upon its indefatigable founder , Mr Stallwood , a man in whose honour and probity we hare the greatest reliance—so ranch confidsnee do we repose in him , tbat we havo consented to become tbe directors of tho society—Mr Stallwood undertaking to do the work of secretary , our part of the business being to raske a periodical examination of the accounts , and other monetary transactions , which all parties may rely upon being done by us , The chief recommendations of thig society are—that the subscriptions aro liberal ; ita government democratic , and its funds will be deposited ia the National Lahd and Laboub Bank , We sincerely recommend this society to the consideration ef our friends . All communications on the subject to he addressed to tbe secretary , Mr Edmund Stallwood , 2 , Little Tale-place , Hammersmith , London . * . Cbeutophiu Doile . Thomas Clark , Philip M'GEAtH .
THE LATE NATIONAL LAND CONFERENCE , Held at Lowbands , August , 18 i 7 , adopted the following resolution unanimously : — ' That this Conference recom " mends the country to dtpesit their funds in tho 'National Land and Labour Bank ; ' all who wish to follow the instructions of their friends and representatives will join that auxiliary to the National Land Company . THE NATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE BENEFIT SOCIETY . Patron . —T . Waklet , M . P . Diretlon . —Mksskb . P . M / Grath , T . Cuts ., and C . Dora . Bank . —Tee National Lan » and Laboor Bask . Seirelary — Ma E . Staliwoop . Central OJiee . —2 , Little Tale-place , Hammersmith . This society presents greater advantages to the industrious millions than any similar institution ev » r established . The benefits resulting from joining it are—InSlckaess , perweek ,. . „ from 7 s to 18 s Member ' s Decease ... ... „ * 6 „ £ 20 Wife ' s Ditto « . i . £ 3 „ £ 10 Wife's Accsuchement , 15 „ £ 2 Superannuation , per week ... ... ... ... <» ¦* ,, Gs A Gift Fund and Youth Burial Fund , and the Inresture of its Surplus Funds in Land , for the mutual advantage of its members . Entrance Fee , according to Age , as follows <—» Years . Years Years . Years . >; ., First Section , under 25 ... 3 s Od — S 5 ... 4 s 6 d — 45 ... 5 s Od — 50 ... 7 a 6 d . Second Section ... 25 ... 2 s od — 85 ... s < ad — 46 .. ; 48 sa — ao ... 6 » od Third Section ... 25 ... 2 s Od _ 86 ... 2 s Gd — 45 ... 8 s 6 d — SO ... 4 s W Poarth Section ... 25 ... Is 6 d — S 5 ... 2 * Od — 45 ... 3 j 04 — 59 ... 4 b 0 d If more convenient to members the en trance fea can be paid by instalments , so that the wholo is paid within three months .
Now ready , in one thick 8 vo . volame , price 5 s . THE POLITICAL WORKS OF THOMAS PAINE , now first collected together , and to which are added sever alpieces never before published in England ; and an appendix , containing the Trial of Thomas Paine , at Guildhall ; with a portrait of the Author . Complete in 2 vols . Svo . price 12 s ., VOLTAIRE'S PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY , With two well-finished Portraits of the Author . In 2 vols , price 5 i ., published at 9 s ., THE DEVIL'S PULPIT , By the Rev . R 0 BEE . T TaTLOE , B . A . In one handsome volume , price St ., CARLILE'S M & NCAL OF FREEUASONRT , Originally published at 15 s . Comp lete in 1 vol ., price 5 s ., THE DIEGE 31 S , By the Rjv . Robert TArtoa . A complete set of COBBETT'S POLITICAL REGISTER , For sale , 83 vols ., half-calf . W . Dugdale , 1 G , Holywell-street , Strand .
EUGENE SUE'S NSW TALE . PRID E , OR THE DUCHESS . The first volume of this dramatic picture of High Life [ all yet published , in Paris ) , is given in Part 56 of the FAMILY HERALD for January , price only Sixpence . The Family Heraldis a domestic magazine of useful information and amuseoient , a chaarM and' instructive fireside companion , the welcome guest of every home , and unquestionably the most popular Periodical ever published . Everybody reads and all Booksellers sell the Family Herald . A single perusal will test its merits . Order Part 66 .
THOMAS COOPER'S ORaTIONS . LITERARY IKSTITUT 10 N , JOHN-STREET , FITZROY SQUARE . SUBJECTS OF POLITICAL ORATIONS to be delivered on Tuesday evenings , by Thojus Coopbb , Author of The Purgatory of Suicides . ' January 4 . —Society to be happy ,-Government to he just , —must be founded on , and guided by , the principie of Fraternity , or Brotherhood . 11 . — ' Privilege ; ' the greatest curse of society , ever since its institution : its seizure of Land , Mines , Fisheries , Game , & c . 18 . — ' Privilege : ' its arrogation of Tithes , and enactment of selfish and unjust Laws . 25 , — « Privilege J its prohibition of free-thought , prescription ofa creed , and endowment of a'sacred class , ' as teachers . February 1 . — ' Privilege : 'its inequitable dealing towards the unprivileged : Taxation . 8 . — 'Privilegei its black catalogue of the 'Pension List : iniojiitj of Sinecures . ' Subjects of the remaining seven ovations , in a future list . Admission to the Hall Id ., Gallery 2 d . Commence at half-past eight precisely . Orations are delivered by Thomas Coopbb every Sunday morning at eleven o ' clock , preceded and followed by the musical performances of the Apollonlc Society .
PORTRAITS OF FEARGUS O'CONNOR , THOMAS DUNCOMBE , AND OTHER GREAT LEADERS . THE advertiser is commissioned to dispose of 180 Pic _ ture Frames , suitabio for the above portraits , a ^ about halt the usual prices , News Agents will find thi an opportunity which seldom occurs , as they must be cleared out in a few days . Note down the addreia . Samuel JHolmes , St Gregory's Church Alley . Norwich , here all orders will meet with prompt attention ,
PORTRAIT OF FEARGUS O'CONNOR , Esq ., M . P . T MARTIN informs his friends and the Chartist body « generally , that he has reduced the price of his lithographic full-length portrait of tkeir Illustrious Chief to the following price : —Prints , Is ; coloured ditto , 2 s . 6 d .
TO TAILORS . Now Readv , by approbation ot her Majesty , Queen Vic- ; toria , and 1 I . R . 1 L Prince Albert , THE LO . VDONand PARIS AUTUMN and WINTER ' FASHIONS for 1847 andlSiS , by Benjamin Read and Co ., 12 , Hart-street , Bloomsbury-square , London , and by G . Berger , Holywell-street , Strand , London ; a most magnificent and superbly-coloured Print , surpassing everything of the kind previously published , accostpanied with the most fashionable full size Dress , Riding Frock , Hunting , and Wrapper Coat-patterns , with every particular part for each complete . Also , the most fashionable and newest style Waistcoat Pattern , including the manner of Cutting and making up tho whole , with information respecting the new scientific system of Cutting , which will be published Jan . ! , 1 * 18 , and will supersede everything of the kind before conceived . Price 18 s ; or , post free , to all parts of the kingdom , Us . Patent Measures , with full explanation , 8 s the set ( thegreatest improvement ever known In tbe trade ) . Patterns to measure sent post free to all parts of the kingdom , Is NEW PATENT INDICATOR , for ascertaining proportion and disproportion in all systems of cutting , the method of using it , and manner of variation clearly illustrited—Caveat granted to B . Read far the same , April 22 , 1817 , signed by Messrs Foole and Capmael , Patent Office , 4 , Oi-1-square , Lincoln ' s-ian , London . —Declaration signed by the Right Honourable Sir G . Carroll , Lord Mayor Of " London , May 1 st , 18 < 7 . Price , mtk diagrams clearly explained , 7 s ; or , post free , 7 a 6 d . Sold by Messrs Read and Co ., 12 , Hart-street , Bloomsbury-square , London ; G . Berger , Holywell-street , Strand , London ; and all booksellers in the kingdom . Post-office orders and post stamps taken as cash . Habits H . H . L . performed for the trada . BuUfov fitting Coats o » Boys' figures . —Foremen provide J . —Instructions in Catting complete , for all kinds of Style and l ? ashio » , which can ba accomplished in an incredibly short time , but the pupil may continue uafii he is fally satisfied .
Tiie Ten Hours' Bill.
TIIE TEN HOURS' BILL .
Todm0bdejf.~On The 20th Ult, A Meeting O...
ToDM 0 BDEJf . ~ On the 20 th ult , a meeting of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Short Time Committee took place in this village , for the purpose of devising the best means to be adopted to resist an attempt which is now being made by certain mill-owr . ers to prevent the coming into operation of tbe ten hoars clause of the Factory Bill , passed in June last . Mr Joseph Hurst was called to tbe chair , and the following resolutions were adopted : — First That it having come to the knowledge of the Central Saorc-Time Committee of Lancashire and
Yorkshire tbat certain mill-owners were making a movement to prevent the coming into operation of the Ttn Heurs . clause of the Factory Bill on the 1 st of May next , instructions be forthwith given to every local committee in England , Scotland , and Ireland , again to meet and reorganise their forces , and at once communicate with tbe operatives in each district , with a view of preparing to resist any attempt that may be made to interfere with the coming into operation of the Ten Hours' Bill , for which they have so long and so zealously struggled , S . condly . —That we learn with deep regret that many
of the mill-owners are having recourse to UBdae means to obtain the signatures of their workpeople to petitions hostile to the Ten Hours' clause . This meeting strongly urge upon the workmen not to be duped info the signing of any petition upon any pretence whatever ; but that they at once collect evidence of and communicate to the several secretaries the course adopted to compel ( be hands to sign such petitions , with a view of enabling their friends in Parliament to expose the unjustifiable influence used by masters , who have , on all former occations , opposed the measure .
Thirdly . —That the local fommittecs he instructed to record the names of all mill-owners who coere & their hands to the signiug ot such petitions .
Laud & Labour Bank.—At A Meeting Of Tho ...
Laud & Labour Bank . —At a meeting of tho Paper Statners' Sick Society , Manchester , it was resolved , that the Funds of the Society be sent to the Land and Labour Bank . This is in addition to the funds sent from the Paper Stainers and Hangers Society , they being two distinct societies . Inaccordav . ce with the above we have sent the money , and hope soon to send more . On behalf of the Society , Ralph Babbbr , Ed . BmaEr , Trustees . Manchester , December 29 th .
Manchester . —Mr J . W . Parker will deliver a lecture in the People's Institute , Heyrod-streer , on Sunday , January 2 nd . Chair to be taken at six o ' clock ia the evening . A members' meeting of the National Chartist Association will- 'be held at two o ' clock in the afternoon .
; Bristol . —The Irishmen and friends of Ireland resident in Bristol are informed that a meeting will be held at eight o'clock on Monday evening next , Jan . 3 rd , at Mr . Charles Rebbuth'a Coffee and Reading rooms , 1 , Tower hill , Old Market-street , for the purpose of . forming a branch of the Irish Confederation :
Colchester.—On Monday Last, A Public Mee...
Colchester . —On Monday last , a public meeting took place at the Assembly-room , St . John-street , On the motion of IMr B . ' . Parker , Mr Olive Payne was called to the chair . The chairman , delivered an excellent speech * ffhich elicited loud applause . The Bub-aecretary then read the report of the branch , which was adopted unanimously . Mr T . Clark , one of the directors , then came forward and was received with great applause . Mr . Clark delivered a splendid address , and received the thanks of the meeting . At the usual weekly meeting held tho following evening , the Bub . secretary reported that thirty more shares had been taken since the lecture .
Boltoh . —The monthly meeting of this branch will take place on Sunday evening next , January 2 nd , at six o ' clock . Th Land Company ' s Petition will lay for tbe signatures of both members and the public , every night in the week , at the Land Office , New Market-place , from seven until ten o ' clock . Every member ia expected to sign .
STOoramiDQE . —I ho members of this branch are informed that the committee will meet on Monday , the 4 th January , and a meeting of tho members will take place on the Wednesday following . Paid up shareholders are requested to pay all levies on or before tho 10 th of January , or their names will not be placed in the ballot box .
Appoiktmbnt Or Poor-Law Inspector Por Th...
AppoiKTMBNT or Poor-law Inspector por thb Manufacturing District . —The appointment of the Right Hon , Chas , Buller , as Poor-law Commissioner for England , was gazetted on Friday , and on the fol lowing day , by the terms of tha act of last session the duties of all the offices ceased . Mr Austin , who for some years has been assistant-commissioner for the manufacturing district , immediately received an appointment from the new commission , aa inspector ( the name by which the assistant-commissioners are in future to he designated ) , in carrying the recent act into execution . At a late meeting of the Scotch Antiquarian Societ y , there was exhibited tho original death warrant of Mary Q , ueen of Soots , and aa autograph letter of her stern monitor , John Knox .
Rochdale . —Mr . Daniel Donovan , of Manchester , will lecture in the Chartist Room , Yorkshire-street , on Sunday , 2 nd January , at jix o ' clock in the evening .
The Misiso Oobrsal Announces That 'Princ...
The Misiso oobrsal announces that 'Prince Albert has , with a view to advance the mining interests of the county of Cornwall , determined on working the Louth Towan , United Hills , and Wheal Charle y minoj , being parallel lode ? . ' The quantity of water which entered the Wi ^ an coal mines , lately , by the irruption of tho river lSuu g laa , ia calculated at 3 , 495 , 373 tons .
Just Published , Puce Id . ' _ _ . „ PUZZLES FOB THE Ctf £ * i By W . Tf . Hboom , Also , Price 2 d ., by the same Author , ., LETTER S TO THE TOIIlflo . London : Punished by W . Jenkinson , 91 , Leatherlane , Holborn , and Clements , Little Pultenoy-fltreet > Goldon-snuare .
JUST PUBLISHED , ( Oaifora with the " Labob-reb" Magazine , ) Price 6 d . A PRACTICAL TREATISE ON SPADE HUSBANDRY , being the results of feur years' experience . BY J . SlLLBTT . M'Rowan and Co ., 16 , Great Windmill-street , London and may be had of all booksellers .
J ¥ ST PUBLISHED , rates etxpEUCa , NO . Kill , OF " THE LABOURER , eONTBHTS , 1 , The Funeral of the Year and its Epitaph , by | Ernest Jones . 2 . Our New Year ' s Address , 5 . Insurrections oi the Working Classes . —The Men of Kent and Essex . 4 . The Scotch Critics And the Land Company . } 5 . The Romance of a People . G . Tho Poor Man's Legal Manual . 7 . National Literature— ' The Infernal Comedy . 8 . Our National Defences . 9 . Literary Review . Letters fpre-pald ) to bo addressed to the Editors , 18 Brest Windmill Street , Haymarket , London . Orders received by allage & ts for the "Northers Star " and all booksellers in town and country .
Just Published , price One Penny , A LETTER by Feakqos O'Connor , Es <* ., M . P ., « TO THE RICH AND THB POOR ; To thoae « ho Live in Idleness Without Labour , and to those who aro * Wil . ling to Labour but Compelled to Starve . ' Price 2 s . per 100 . or 18 » , per 1900 . t 11 /" HAT MAT BE DONE WITH THREE ACRES W OP LAND , ' Explained in a Letter , by Peaboos O'Conuob , Esq ., M . P . To be had at tbe Office of the National Land Company HI , High Holborn .
Now Ready , a New Edition of MR . O'CONNOR'S WORK ON SMALL FARMS . To be had at the Ncrthirn Star Offica , 16 , Great Windmill Street ; and of Abel Heywaod , Manchester . Thb Portrait ov Ebnest Jones . —Agents and subscribers who do not receive their papers direct from tbis office , will obtain t ^ oir plates from the party by whom they are supplted with the STAB . To those who inquiro the charge , we beg to say , that THE PRICE OP THE PLATE ( INCLUDING THE 'STAR ) WILL BE SETENPENCE . The Plates will be ready for issue at the latter end of January .
The Northern Star, Saturdayjanuary 1, 1848.
THE NORTHERN STAR SATURDAYJANUARY 1 , 1848 .
Progress. Democracy At H O Me And Abroad...
PROGRESS . DEMOCRACY AT H O ME AND ABROAD . At the commencement of a new year , when the knell of its predecessor is still sounding in our ears , it appears to us a fitting moment to inquire what has been the progress of our principles , in the course of the past twelve months , and what are the hopeful prospects for those principles in the future . The general election in July—August last , greatl y advanced the cause of Democratic progress . The election of the Chartist-Chief , Feargus O'Connor , was alone worth far more than all the cost of the struggle . A number of M . P . ' s pledged to , at least , the princi ples of
the Charter , were also elected ; and the foundation laid for Chartist triumphs on the occasion of the next struggle . From accurate information we are enabled to state , that the public feeling in favour of Chartism , in Halifax , Sheffield , Derby , Greenwich , Tiverton , and ot h er p laces , contested unsuccessfull y at the l a te electi on , has wonderfully advanced since July last . Bad trade has broug ht not a few of the electoral class to their senses ; and the heartless indifference of the Government and Parliament to the wide-spread distress and suffering , promises to make speedy converts of many more .
W e candidl y avow that we are not overflowing with pity at the sight of the embarrassments of the electoral class . The present House of Commons , as avowed by that choice specimen the bourgeoisie , John Brig ht , is essentially a middle-class house , and the ministers are at the back of that class . A more incapable set of rulers than Lord John Russell and his colleagues never pretended to administer the affairs of a nation , and a worse body of
misrepresentatives never assembled in the Westminster tax-trap . According to friend Bright , we are indebted for both these blessings to the respectable gentlemen of the " shop , " who would elect lords and lordiings , bankers and con t ractors , millocrats and railway-kings , fools and " snobs / ' and would not elect men who grounded their claims to public confidence on their integrity , talent , and political wisdom . The poet has written
that" He who hates truth , shall be tho dnpe of lies , " and this the intelligent shopocracy have exemplified in their own persons . The truths of Chartism were too strong for their stomachs , and , therefore , were rejected for the quackeries of free-traders , currency-reformers , and bit-b ybit progressionists . They had their choice , and they deliberately chose the evil and rejected the good and they are rig htl y punished . — " They would he fools and victims , and they are , "
But as experience is said to make fools wise , we t r u s t th a t even the bourgeoisie are not incapable of improving on the past , and doing better for the future . We trust , too , that the working men will be better prepared for the next strugg le , than they were at the late Election . What was done was done well ; but better things might have been done had the good work been set about in good lime . There must be a greater number of Chartist Candidates in the field next time , and they must not delay their appearance therein till the eleveath hour : there must , moreover , be
amp le funds in hand to enable the Democratic Candidates to carry the struggle to the polling booths . We are glad to learn from the Address of the Central Registration and Election Committee , published in another column , that after paying ailjaemands , a surplus of Sixty Pounds remains at the disposal of the committee , which surplus has been wisel y banked for future use . Thus should a vacancy occur in the Representation of any locality , and should the Committee consider the chances of success favourable for a Chartist Candidate , the means exist of bringing forward a man of the
Pe o p le at a moment's notice . Of course it needs no argument to show that the Committee 's Funds at present in hand , however useful for any emergency , will be perfectly useless to meet a General Election . The next strugg le may be far off , or it may be much nearer than most persons imagine , but in either case the collection of funds should not be left till the last moment . As general appeals for money are not often attended to , we suggest to the Election Committee , that the first Saturday , Sunday , and Monday in the month of May next , be appointed for a general collection amongst the Chartists , members of the Land Com pany , and friends of Democracy
generally , for the benefit of the Election Fund . Wealso suggest that theCommittee should send printed circulars to all the Chartist and Land localities one month previously , calling upon the said localities to make the said collectisn , either by levy , general subscri ption , proceeds of public lectures or festivals , or anytfother mode each locality may deem the best . Should Parliament ; not dissolve before May , 1849 , then the like collection to take place at that time , and so on , every year in . the month of May , until a dissolution of Parliament . We are not in the habit of praising or puffing either public individuals or public bodies , but we must take this occasion to say that the members of the Centrfl Registration and
Progress. Democracy At H O Me And Abroad...
Election Commit tea have , by their untiringand patriotic labours during the past year , " deserved well of their country , " and fairly entitled themselves to the grateful thanks of the unrepresented classes of these realms . ^ W ' e * may here allude to a matter which is already , and very property , exciting the attention of the friends of Chartism—we allude to the threatened attempt to oust Mr O'Connor from his seat . The petition against that gentleman may be onl y a waste-paper pellet , intended to annoy the Pe o p le ' s member ; it may , however , be something more—it may be the effort of an infernal conspiracy to ruin Mr O'Connor with expenses . If so , there can be no
doubt that the conspirators will be foiled , and h a ve " the poisoned chalice returned to their own lips . '' Of course we take it for granted , that every man who , by " resolution" or otherwise , " expressed his joy at the . return of Mr O'Connor to Parliament , will sell the shirt off his back rather than allow the hon . member for Nottingham to be beaten , or compelled to defend his se a t to his own pecuniary injury . The blow aimed at Mr O'Connor is intended to strike down up-rising Chartism . If Mr O'Connor is defeated , we are all beaten ; if he is immolated , the peop le are sacrificed . Should he full , then might we say with the orator over Caesar ' s body-
" Then you , and wo , and all fell down , While cursed treason triumph'd o ' er HS . " But we have perfect faith in a very different issue . We are persuaded that we have but to sound the trumpet " to the rescue ! ' and the People will rise as one man , to the help of their friend and champion , Throughout England lectures , public meetings , and assemblages of local delegates , attest that the "dry bones " are once more quickening into life and action . The very numerously . attended and enthusiastic meetings recentl y holden in the metropolis , exhibit a
most hopeful sign of the time * . The very energetic labours of the Metropolitan Delegate Council ( which includes the members of the Chartist Executive ) , have mainly produced this cheering revival . We now entertain sanguine hopes that when the niisrepresentatives of the nation re-assemble , they will find the people less disposed to quietly submit to their useless talking and evil working . The renewed agitation for the Charter opens a field for the exercise of the peop le ' s virtues . If self-reliant , courageous , and persevering , they must and will succeed .
We must direct tha special attention of our metropolitan readers to a prospectus issued b y a Committee comprising all . the known and trusted leaders of Chartism residing in the capital , which prospectus sets forth a p lan for obtaining for the Chartists of London a Commodious and central hall for public meetings , & c . We recently expressed our strong conviction that the project set forth by the
Committee above alluded to , was of primary importance to thft cause of Democracy , so far as London wasconcerned , andon the present occasion it is not necessary that we should do more than reiterate the expression of that conviction , at the same time appealing to our metropolitan friends to take up the matter promptl y a nd earnestl y . There must be no doubtingno fear of failure ; like Carnot , we must " organise victory / ' and victory will be ours .
The National Petition demands a word . It Is a duty the peop le owe to Mr O'Connor , to prove by their signatures to that petition that he is indeed their representative ; it is a duty they owe to themselves , to prove b y the same means their earnestness in repudiating trie misgovernment of their rulers , and the sincerity of their desire to be represented in the Legislature . We leave to the Chartist Executive the question of calling together a representation of the Democracy in a National Convention . In our op inion , such a Convention is hi g hl y necessary , and its early fitting as indispensable . Energy must now be the order of the dav .
Of course , the Executive must be powerless , lacking the sinews of war . Is it too late to suggest a "New-Year ' s Gift ? " Many individuals anticipated the new year b y contributing largely , considering their meana . Shall their patriotic example be followed ? Let the honest and earnest men of every locality see to this . In this political review of the past , the present , and the future , the L a n m o vem e nt hardl y comes within the scope of our remarks ; nevertheless , it is a proof of unexamp led progress , and a subject for gratulation , that the members of the Land Company may say « WE ARE FIFTY THOUSAND V \
Fifty thousand future freemen—fifty thousand , organised Chartists , or to be made Chartists—made by the force of reasonmade by the instinct of self-interest , which must teach even the most thoughtless that the certain means to make the Land Plan national , and secure to the Land members and their children the full blessings of that Plan , lies through the obtainment of the Charter . Our remarks upon Home Progress have left us but little room for ; comment upon the progress of Democratic princi ples in other lands . In France , the Reform B anquets have
succeeded each other with startling rapidity . The French Chambers have just been opened ] andtheFagin of the Tuilleries has suit his sp ite against the Reformers , by alluding in his speech to " the agitation which hostile and blind passions are fomenting ; " and he has appealed to his Peers and Deputies to iffirml y maintain , according to the Charter , social order , and all its conditious . " His Citizen-kingshi p croaks discreetly , but his words , though few , sufficientl y betray his fears . The Reform discussion will now be transferred from the banquetting halls to the Chamber of Deputies , where ,
ot course , buizot and Co . will find a majority to support them in violentl y voting down every attempt to reform the present infamous system . The result will be a more powerful renewal of the agitation . " out of doors ; " then mil come arbitrary attempts , on the part of Ministers , to put down the Banquets ; resistance will ensue and revolution commence . Ihe tr u th i s , that these Reform Banquets are the beginning of the end , " and that end will be the destructi on of Louis Philippe ' s throne and something more Switzerland has passed through the ordeal
ot a civil struggle , and has , like the Phoenix emerged from the flames of civil strife stronger than she was before . Freed from the conspirators and traitors who benumbed her energie s , Switzerland now presents the spectaclelike Pallas bursting from the brow of Joveofa nation armed to the teeth , read y to measure swords with any of the Despotisms who may dare to dispute her claims to perfect independence , and her guardianshi p of the sacred princi ples of Democracy . ; The triumph of the Swiss Diethas given an impetus to the cause of Democracy throug hout
Eur ope , but particularl y in Germany and Ita ly . Ihe addresses sent to the Diet f rom a n umber of German cities , and the subscriptions collected b y the German people in aid of the widows and orphans of the soldiers of the Confederation who perished in battle , prove that the German people have wisely identified Swiss Radicalism with their own cause . The anti-Jesuit demonstrations at Milan , Turin , Genoa , Florence , and in Rome itself , prove
that the Catholic people of Italy understand that the enemies of the Swiss Radicals are their enemies , and that the consp irators against the Swiss Diet are also conspirators against the cause ol Progress , in all rations . Italian Freedom is everywhere advancing , in spite of Metternich ' s menaces , Ferdinand ' s ferocious proscription of his subjects , and the timid and temporising policy at present pursued by Pope Pius . "The die is cast ; the Rubicon is crossed ; " Italy must and will be free !
The struggle for liberty in Portugal is on the eve of recommencing . In Hungary , Bohemia , and tfalticia , thejdomination of Austria totters to its fall . Poland is agitated by the throes of coining convulsion ; and even the
Progress. Democracy At H O Me And Abroad...
Russian despotism is undermined , and may , iy , a moment when men little dream of such ich catastrophe , be blown to destruction by unseflse « hands . We commend to our reader the extrxtr ; ordinary and brilliant speech of M . Bakouninnim which will be found in our second page , freifren : which our readers will learn that a democratiratci revolution in Russia is neither hopeless nc ncc problematical , but certain , and that , too , at at m distant day . Yes , "Poland is not yet Iost , > st „ and Russia will yet be redeemed . Across the Atlantic , our American brethrenreii aie at length beginning to get their eyeJye ; opened to the folly and wickedness of theiheii murderous crusade against Mexico . Tha'hat
horrible sentiment , " Our country , ri ght oi on wrong / ' is fast disappearing before the marclrcl ! of Fraternity—a principle once adopted by thrth « Young- American Party only , but now beconv > nv ing generally recognised . In proof , we pointml ! to the report in our seventh page of the grealeall meeting holden in New York , in support ol oil Italian liberty . The Ame-icans are , th a nknk : Heaven , beginning- to find out that it would be be wi s er nobler , holier work , to help to crush thehe Despots of the Old World , than > cut thehe ; throats of Republicans in the New—to help totoi
free the nations of Europe , than to enslavevei those of America . We shall have somethingng ' to say shortly of the progress of the friends of of ' a Landed Democracy—the "National . Re-Ieformers . " Their success is a guarantee for or the preservation of the institutions of Jefferson m and Washington , and a pledge for the political ai and social redemption of the human race . Lastly , the project first enunciated b y the ?« Fraternal Democrats , and then definitel y pro- » - po s ed b y tiie Democratic Society of Brussels s namel y , the . holding of
A DEMOCRATIC CONGRESS of all nations , is another and most important t sign of Radical and Cosmopolite progress . It t is proposed to assemble the said Congress at t Brussels , on the anniversary of the Bel gian Re . . volution , in September next , at the very time s that the united * schemers , the free-traders will hold their Congress in the same cit y . The i proposition is , at this moment , exciting earnest ; discussion in France , Germany , and Switzerland ; and in this country , has been alread y unanimyusl y and enthusiastically , ' adopted b y the Metropolitan Delegate Council , at which
two members of the Chartist Executive assisted , and has been since ratified by several of the London localities . At a future time , we shall return to this important question , which , in the meanwhile , we commend to the calm consideration of the Chartist body throug hout Great Britain . Hitherto " a chain of moun - tains , a river , an arm of the sea , a quickset hedge , or an imaginary line , " has ser v e d to disunite nations and keep them enemies of each other ; but the " march of mind" is convincing
each and all of the foll y of these divisions . Congresses of kings have been holden to divide and enslave mankind , but the Congresses of the people will unite and free the humaa race . In such Congresses will be found the " cheap defence of nations'' against both popa . lar vanity and the blood y desi gns of royal conspirators . In vain do tyrants plot in their secret councils , and marshal their homicidal forces , the handwriting is on the wall decreeing their doom . In spite of their force and their
fraud" It ' i coming yet for a' that , When man to man , the warla" o ' er , Shall brithera be for a' that' "
Coercion In Ireland. On Wednesday The Ne...
COERCION IN IRELAND . On Wednesday the new Coercion Act of the Whi gsjeame into operation in the counties of Limerick andTipperary , and in certain baronies of the counties of Clare , Cork , Waterford , King ' s County , Roscommon Leitrim , C avan and Longford . In tho county of Cork , one barony , that of Ossery and Kelmore , has been proclaimed . The Lord-Lieutenant has thus shown little delay in putting the last precious spawn of surface legislation in force—with what effect
remains to be seen . The landlords and their organs generall y , predict a failure , because of the mildness ( Heaven save the mark !) of the measure . They are quite prepared to urge more stringent and sweeping measures , under cover of which wholesale extermination and expatriation could be carried on . The people of Ireland are vermin in their eyes , a n d it is only because there exist certain restraining influences in public op inion , and in modern civisation , which prevents them from having open recourse to a war of utter extermination .
We have protested , and we repeat our protest , against the monstrous infraction of the principles of natural justice , and of sound policy , which the whole legislative career of this country towards the Irish people involves , " thelandlords , the Church Establishment , and the Executive Administration , have reduced that peop le by their monstrous , unjust , and tyrannical conduct , to such a condition that society is utterly disorganised , and there is neither safety for life nor property , that ia prima facie evidence of their unfitness longer
to continue its rulers , Instead of our adding cruelty to cruelty , injustice to injustice , by punishing the helpless victims of their fatal and ruinous policy , let us remove them at once from the position in which they have been enabled to work so much mischief , and commence a new , radical , enlightened , and practical course of remedial measures , altogether unimpeded by the obstacles which these parties might throw in the way , if suffered to retain the position and influence which they have a l read y so grossl y and grievousl y abused . A w h o e people cannot , and ought not . to be
sacrinced to the maintenance of any class or classes whatever ; where the existence of these classes h asutterl y failed in producing any of the results tor effecting which they are professedly established , it is time to sweep them away . Man is greater than institutions . It is only so far as any institutions develope the latent capabilities of the soil , and give free scope to the faculties of those who dwell upon it , that they are valuable . That society in Ireland has utterly broken down , is so self-evident a proposition , that it needsnoargumenttoenforceit . Whatthenoug ht to be done ? Extreme cases demand extreme remedies . Either repeal the legislate ve union at once and permit the Irish peop le to work out
weir own redemption unfettered by England , or if we still insist upon ruling that country , let ns take it into our own hands at oncepension off the landlords ; pay off the inertgagees ; abolish the Anglo-Irish Church , making equitable compensation to the present incumbents , and commence with a tabula rasa . It we had a Government bold enough to do this , and practical enough to introduce the necessary measures for developing the latent resources or the country , and training to industry and order the population , by giving them a direct and permanent interest in the improvement they were instrumental in carrying out , very few years would elanse before that
wftich » now the disgrace , would become the glory of the British Empere ; and instead ofa dram upon the finances , an inexhaustible storehouse of real wealth . But it is the curse oi the age to be afflicted by " small men" and small measures . The shopkeeping spirit possesses it entirely . The far-seeing calculations ot the true statesman are unknown to our rulers . It is sufficient for them if they can make the thing last their time ; " and thus , by alternate coaxing and coercing , they manage
so tinker up a worn-out and miserable system tor the time being . Have a care , masters unless the foundation be looked to , the old ncketty edifice must tumble about your ears some day . J
Mi^Ln J U I ,Croa . 8» Ba* At Tha Same T...
mi ^ Ln J i , croa . » ba * at tha same time annoyinfr S . ™ he Bl ' tIw Kmo "d « f the Jewish Msbiuties . The sentence was 'Nor shall we ask wh ether iE E ^ ouade " broad prinoipleawhioh wouldadfflit tho Deist or the Atheist , as well as the Jew , to sit m Parliament ' Ac . For Deist , the word / tautiM 2 u ed \ thu 8 inverting the passage into no * sense—it not something wwee .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 1, 1848, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_01011848/page/4/