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I * THE NORTHERN STAR, January % 1847. ^...
ttdlldtttAL BOOKS oh POLITICS, THEOLOGY, AND SOCIAL PROGRESS,
] Published, and Sold, Wkelesale ami Ret...
TBE NORTHERN STAR SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 18*7.
IRELAND. HER SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PROSPE...
THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. We bel...
WEEKLY REVIEW. The note of preparation f...
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I * The Northern Star, January % 1847. ^...
I * THE NORTHERN STAR , January % 1847 . ^———————————————— - . " - .. ,,, „ . . ¦ ¦ ¦ . ; ; _^ ____——«— , — - — «¦_« _ i » l _« l _—_«_ J—it——3 C 3 = __ gg- ~—¦ ¦' .
Ttdlldtttal Books Oh Politics, Theology, And Social Progress,
ttdlldtttAL BOOKS oh POLITICS , THEOLOGY , AND SOCIAL PROGRESS ,
] Published, And Sold, Wkelesale Ami Ret...
] Published , and Sold , Wkelesale ami Retail , BY JAMES WATSON , S 3 , ( 3 , Q ueen ' s Head Pamje , Paternoster Row , London . I ! HE HE REASOSER ( Edited by G . J . Holyoake ) . A weekly Po Publication , price three-halfpence , devoted to the inve : vestn ; ation of Religious Dogmas . To be had alto in lli Monthly Parte . Eatlfathematics no Mystery . Completed In Nine Number * , at at Threepence each . ' . 'raVra ^ tical Grammar , by G . J . Holjoake , Is . Gd . Hanlandbook to ditto , by ditto , lOd . Orin Five Numbers a * Twopence each . lUitUit Published , in Two Vc-Vme . n at cloth boards and let lettered , price Sit ShiWin . s aai S-xpenee , the Fourth £ Edition of ESQUIRY concerning POLITICAL JUSTICE , and it its Inflaence oa Morals and Happiness . By William G Godwin . To be had in 11 Parts at Sixpence each , or it in 33 No ; , at Twopence ! H ti rabaud ' s Sjstem of Nature , 2 vol ? , cloth boards
a and lettered ... ... — ... 7 6 Ifo To be had in Part-, at 61 ., and in Numbers at 2 d . [ OisOiscussion on the Existence of God and the Ant thenticity of the Bible , between Origen Bacheler a and Robert Dele Owen . 1 vol . cl . bds . and let . 4 6 DisOiscussioa on the Authenticity of the Bible , bet tween 0 . Bacheler and R . D . Owen , 1 vol ., cloth 1 boards and lettered ... ... ... 3 2
it itto . in a wrapper ... ... ... 2 8 IDidDiscussion on the existence of God , between 0 . J Bjrbrler and S . D . 0 wen , 1 vol ., cloth boards t and lettered ... ... ... ... 1 10 IDitDitto , in a wrapper ... ... ... 1 Tolo be had also in Eight Parts , at Sixpence each , < or in Twenty-four Numbers , at Twopence i each , Volnej ' s Ruins ot Empires and Law of ] Nature , 1 vol ., cloth boards and lettered , with ' Three Engravings ... ... ... 3 0 ToTo be had in Parts at Sixpence , and in Nos . at 2 d , TuFoIcej's lectures on History , cloth boards ... 1 6 Ditto , in a wrapper ... ... ... 1 0 'YtYomej ' s Law ot Nature ... ... ... 0 4 ISUSketchot theLifeofVolney ... ... 0 i : MMiss Wright ' s Popular Lectures , 1 vol , cloth
boards and lettered ... ... 3 0 'T ( To be had in Parts at 6 d . each , or iu Nos . at 2 d . IMMiss Wright's Fables ... ... ... 0 i BiBiograpby , Notes , & c , of Frances Wright , Darusmcat ... ... ... ... 0 4 TiPolitical Letter ? , by ditto ... ... ... 0 »! XEssays on the Formation and Publication of Opinions , I vol . cloth boards and lettered ... 3 PAKE'S WORKS . PPaine ' s Theological works , I vol . cL bds . & let 3 0 TTo be had in Numbers at Twopence each , and in Parts at Sixpence each . PPaine ' s Political Works , vol . l . cl . bdi . and let . 3 0 Ditto , vol . 2 . ... ... ... 3 0
To be had iu separate pamphlets , as fmows : — PPaine ' s American Crieis , in a wrapper ... 1 G — Rights of Man , ditto ... ... 1 3 »« Common Sense , ditto ... ... 0 6 ——— Letter to the Abt £ Raynal , ditto , .... OS I .,. Letters to the Citizens of the United States of America , ditto ... ... ... a 4 Public Good , ditto ... ... ... 0 4 — Decline and fall of the Enilish System of Finance ... ... ... ... 0 3 ' - Agrarian Justice , ditto ... ... 0 2 - - Dissertion on First Principles of Government , ditto ... ... ... ... 0 2 «¦« ¦ — Le : ter to Camile Jordan , on Priests , Bells , and Public Worship ... ... ... 0 1 . —— Replvto the Bishop of Llandaff . ditto ... 0 2
— Discourss to the Society of Theophilanthropists at Paris ... ... ... 0 1 . Life , by the Editor of the National ... 0 6 . — - Portrait , Proofs ... ... ... 1 0 Ditto , Plain ... ... ... 0 6 Address to the People of France on the Abolition of Royalty ... ... ... 0 2
TRACTS BY ROBERT DALE OWEN . Popdar Tracts in 1 vol . cl . bds . and let . ... 2 6 or in separate Tracts at tbe following prices . Tracts on Republican Government and National Education ... ... ... ... 0 3 Influence on the Clerical Piofession ... ... 0 3 Sermons on Loyalty , Fue Inquiry , itc . ... 0 3 Hopes and Destinies of the Human Species ... 0 2 Address on Free Inquiry ... ... ... 0 2 Darby and Susan : a tale of Old England ... 0 2 Wealth and Misery ... ... ... 8 2 Situations : Lawyers , Clergy , Physicians , Men , aud Women ... ... ... ... 0 2 Gaiiioeand the Iuquisitiou ... ... 0 2 Lecture on Consistency ... ... ... 0 2 Frosshuo ' s Experience , dfce ., & e . ... ... 0 2 Moral Philosophy : a brief and plain treatise on
the Population Question ... ... 0 C Neurology . An Account of some Experiments in Cerebral Physiology ... ... ... 0 2 P . B . Shelby ' s Queen M » b ; a philosophical poem complete , with all the notes , 1 vol . cloth bds . 1 t Ditto , in a wrapper ... ... " ... 10 Sheiley's Masque of Ar . art-1 'y , ic . & c . with a Preface by Leigh Hunt ... ... ... 0 8 Sketch of the Life of P . B . Shelley ... ... 0 i Processus Exercise . By . W . Hill ... ... 1 0 Rational School Grammar . By W . Hill ... 1 0 Companion to tbe Rational School Grammar . By W . Hill 1 e Grammatical Text Book . By W . Hill ... 0 C ErymolQgii-al Expositor . By W . Hill ... 1 G The National ; a u = tful collection of original and selected matter in favour of Liberty and Free Inquiry ; illustrated by 27 Wood Engravings , 1 vol . 8 vo ., cloth boards and lettered ... 5 0
To be had also in Parts and in Numbers . Palmer ' s Principles of Nature , cloth beards , lettered ... ... ... ... 2 0 Ditto ditto , in a wrapper ... ... 1 6 To be had in Nine Numbers , at Twopence each . Bailey ' s Monthly Messenger ; a repository of information , 1 vol cloth boards ... ... 3 0 Carpenter ' s Political Text Book , lvol . cloth bds . 2 € Clark's Letters to Adam Clarke , on the Life , Miracles , & c , of Jesus Christ , 1 vol . cloth 5 0 boards ... ... ... ... 2 0 Bible of Reason , 1 vol . clo'h boards and lettered 7 C To be had in Parts and Numbers . " The New Ecce Homo , 1 vol . cloth boards ... 3 0 Buonarotti ' s Hi . tory of Babeufs Conspiracy for Equality , 1 vol . cloth hoards ... ... 4 0 O'Brien's Life of Robespierre , 1 vol . cloth bds . 6 0 To be had in Parts at Is ., or in Numbers at Threepence each . Christianity proved Idolatry . By C . Southwell 0 C Socialism Made £ isy . 3 y C . Southwell ... 0 2 Howitt's Popular Hisfry of Priestcraft , a New Edition , 1 vol ., cloth lettered ... ... 5 0 . ¦ abridged
lvoL ... ... ... ... 1 C Coopers '* Holy Scriptures Analysed ... ... 0 8 ¦ « Free Agency versus Orthodoxy ... 0 3 The Scripturian ' s Creed , By Citizen Davies ... 0 - Theo-ogy Displayed . By 8 . Curtis , boards ... 10 — ¦ — in a wrapper 0 it Bjulanger ' s Critical Examination of the Life of St . Paul ... ... ... ... 1 0 The Free Inquirer By Peter Annet ... 10 Freret's Letter from Thrasbulus to Lpucippe ... I 0 Christian Mystery and several other Tracts ... 0 C Lord Cnesterael-J ' s Ears . By Voltaire ... 0 3 Thompson ' s Enquiry into the distribution of Wealth , 1 vol ., cloth , boards , ic . ... 3 0 — Appeal oi Women , in a wrapper 1 0 — — Labour Rewarded , in a wrapper 1 0 Mackintosh' s Enquiry into the N ature of Responsibility , ' n a wrapper ... ... ... 1 4 m ¦— Ou the Being and Attributes of God ... ... ... ... 0 8 Twelve Lectures on the Non-existence of the D . vil 1 0 Devil Dissected , a Lecture , by R . Buchanan ... 0 3 Hoilick and Baylee ' s Discassiou omhe Bible ... 0 3 Ritionali ^ a . A Treatise for the Times . By G . J . UoVyo-iV . e ... ... ... ... 0 0 Pule } Refuted in his own Words . By G . J . Uoly- \ cake ... ... ... ... 0 6 Value of Biography . Bj G . J . Ilo . yoike ... 0 2 Caia ;» Mystery . By L . rd Byron ... 0 ti Ecee Homo ,, a Critical Inquiry into the History of Jesus Christ , 1 vol . 8 vo . ... ... 4 0 Letter Opening at the Post-Office . Mazziui and the Ei . hi-.-s of Politicians . To which is added , au account of the Brothers tidudiera . By Joseph M . i / zini . ... .. ... 0 4 How did England become Oligarchy ? ByJonathan Duncan , Esq .... ... ... ... 1 0 Pocket Lacon , 1 vol . boards ... ... 1 li Haslam ' s Letters to the Clergy of all denominations . Complete in 1 vol ., ct bds . ... 2 6 ———— stitched ... ... ... 2 0 To be had also iu tweuty-four Numbers at One Pennyeach . Edam ' s Letters to the Bishop ol Exeter . In I vol . cloth boards ... ... ... ... 2 ti ¦ stitched ... ... ... 2 5 To be had also in twenty-four Numbers at One Penny each .
arlile s Manual of Freemasonry . 3 parts cloth boards ... ... ... ... 15 0 Eaen part can be had separate at five Shillings each . The Connection between Geology and the Fentaleveh , in a Letter to Professor Silliinan . By Tiiomas C . oper , M . D . to which is added an Appendix ... ... ... ... 0 , J The Right of Free Discussion . By Thomas Cooper , iS . D . . . . ... ... ... 9 3 Essay on Miracles . By David Hume , Esq . ... 8 S The Three Importers .,. ... ... 1 0 Ctrelral Physiology and Materialism . By W . C . Engledue , M . D . 0 4 Modern Slavery . By the Abbe de la Mennais 1 Diderot ' s Thoughts on Religion ... ... 0 4 Dialogue between a Scholar aud a Peasant . By Sir W . Jones ... ... ... ... 0 1 Just Published , Price One Penny . A Brief History of the Remains of Thomas Paine , from tbe time of their disinterment in 1818 , by William Cobbett , M . P , down to tbe year 1846 . Heywood , Manchester . Love . Glasgow . Shepherd LTjrpool . B * nuuoi , E 4 iubure , b , and all booksellers .
Now ready . Pries Ono Shilling . THK SBCesD EDITION OF MI LIFE , OR OUR SOCIAL STATE , Pirt L a Poem , by ERNEST JOUKS , Barrister at Law . Foil of wild dreams , str & nge fancies and graceful images , interspersed with many bright aud bsuutifuthoughts , its chief defect is its brevity . The author ' s in " spiratiens seem to gush fresh and sparkling from Hippocrene . He will want neither readers nor admirers . — Jtorn ing Pest . It contains mora pregnant thoughts , more bursts of lyric power , more , in fino , of the truly grand and bea » tifill , than any poetical work , which has made its appearance for years . We know of few things mare drainati-• ally intense than the scenes betweer BhUipp , Warren and Clare . —Jfeto Quarterl y Rnime . Published by Mr . Newby , 72 , Mo ; timer-street , Caven dine-square . Orders received by all booksellers .
IMPORTANT TO MINERS . PROSPECTUS OF THK MINERS' A DV O CATE AND
LITHOGRAPHIC ENGRAVINGS OF the DUNCOMBE TESTIMONIAL . MAY still be had at the Office of Messrs . M'Gowan and Co ., 1 G , Great Windmill Street , Haymarket , Loudon ; through any respectable bookseller in town or ; ountry ; or at any of the agents of the northern Star . The engraving is on a large scale , is executed in the ! jaost finished style , is finely printed * n tinted paper , and 5 iws a minute description of the Testimonial , and has , 11 Inscription , & c , ic , engraved upon it . PRICE FOUIIPESCE .
IMPORTANT TO PHOTOGRAPHISTS . AN application was made on the 32 nd Sipt . 'vnber , to the Vice-Chaneellor of England , by Jir . Beard who , acting under a mostextraordiny deluiua , considers nimsKii the sole patentee of Ota Photographic process !/ to restrain MR . ESERTON . V 1 , TViuple-stru't , and 148 , Fleet-street , ran taking Photographic Porti . us , which he does b y a process entirely different froc . vudvery superior to Mr , Beard ' s , and at one-half tho cl ; rge . His Honour refused the application in tot * . Nolioensi ! required to practice this process , which is taught by Mr . Egerton in a f-w lessons at a moderate charge . All the Apparatus , Chemicals , * c , to be had as usual \ this D *)» K > r ., ! , Temple-street , "Abitafriars .
DOMESTIC MONUUil . Oa Saturday , December the 12 : h , and evet ; succeeding S-iturday , will be published , price One Penny . THE DOMESTIC MONITOR , Or Literary , f e ' entific-, Legal , and Medical Adviser . Edited by Hermes . Contents—1 . Louis Philippe . 2 . Don Rodriso , the Forbidden Wedding , chapter i . The Nosegay , Poetrr , Anecdetes , MUcelU > y , People's Corner . Accumulation of Capital , the Plethora of Wcalih . Correspondence on Scientific , Literary , L-gal , and Medical Subjects . Medical Adviser . Practical Observation on Consumption . S . Legal Adviser . 0 . Domestic Herbal . Publishcdby E . Mackenzie , 111 , Fleet Street , and to be had of all Booksellers and Newsreaders . Letters to b-j addressed , post paid , " Hermes , 31 , Tonbiidgc Piace , New Road .
TO TAILORS . LONDON ind PARIS FASHIONS FOR THE WINTER , lSte-iT . By READ and Co ., 12 , Hart- ' trect , Bloomsbury square , London ; And G . Berg .. r , Holywell-street , Strand ; May ' bb had of all booksellers , wh * vesoev « residing . now react , By approbation of her Majesty Queen Victoria , and his Royal Highness Prises Albart , a sp . . ndid print richly coloured and exquisitoly executed View of Hyd Park Ga . dens , as seem fr » m Hyde Park , Loudon . With this beautiful Print will be sent Dress , Frock , and Riding Coat Patterns , the n west style Chesterfield , and the New Fashionable Deuble-breasted Waistcoat , with Skirts . The method of reducing and increasing them for all sixes , explained in the most simple manner , with i > ur extra Plates , and can be easily performed by any person . Manner of making up , and a full description of the Uniforms , as now to be worn in the Royal Navy , and oth < r information . —Price 10 s ., er post-free lis .
A SEW ILLUS'lPvATED PERIODICAL FC | it ALL CLASSES . Weekl y Numbers , ljd ., Stamped , 1 \ i . Monthly Parts , 7 d ., or , when It conttdnl five Weeks , 8 Jd ,
DOUGL AS JERROLD'S WEEKLY NEWSPAPER . Enlargement op Onb Thibd on ins Mmtino oe Pab . liahent . In order to give amp ler space for all the News of the Week , including the Debates in Parlialiament The Miscellaneous Occurences—Law and Police Reports—Public Meetings—Foreign Intelligence-Literature—Correspondence—as well bs for Original and various New Serial Articles , the Proprietor has deter , mined to enlarge the Paper to the utmost limit allowed by the Stamp Law , and to add one third , or 21 columns , making in the whole Thinyt « o Pages , or Ninety-six Columns , thus rendering it equal to the Fullest and Largest Newspaper in the eitcnt and variety of its News of the Week , and still retaining the large space heretofore devoted to Original Articles by the Editor , and his Eminent Literary Colleagues . Price ( as heretofore ) Sixpence . Order ol allNewsmen , Town or Country , from whom detailed Prospectuses oan be had .
To Architects , Surveyors , Civil Engineers , and all con cerncd in the Arts connected with Building , Patrons , Professors and Students . This day is published , in large tto , No . 1 , Price One Shilling , with three Plates , and Text . ROME , in its Ancient Grandeur , displayed in a series v Of Engravings presenting the Architectural Antiqui . ties of the Imperial City , delineated aud accurately me > .. sured on the spot by M . Antoine Desgodetz , Architect Royal and Professor of Architecture , Paris . With copious Notes , Architectural , Classical , and Historical , Under the superintendence of Mr . Charles Taylor , Sherwood , Gilbert , and Piper , 28 , Paternoster Row .
NATIONAL LAND AND BUILDING ASSOCIATIONS . Bartlett ' s Buildings , Holborn . Whereas my name is unwarrantably used in connexion with the above Associations , notwithstanding my repented orders to the contrary , and to formal noticts sent to each committee member ; and as the following state . ments well calculated to mislead the unwary , have for months back been published through the " Commonweal " and at public meetings , " That the purchase of 100 acres of freehold land for the use of the Associations has been completed , " and also "that sums so paid in , stand in the name of respectable trustees on behalf of the Association , and are from time to time invested in the purchase of freehold estat * s , " I hereby give public notice that no " moniesorlandsof any amount or kindharo been paid to any trust account opened in my name , nor have any been tendered to me . Having long since declined to act as a trustee , I shall take legal steps if necessary , to disconnect mv name from the above Associations . T . W . Muskett . Grove Lodge , Brixton . Jan . 1 , 1847 .
Now Ready , a New Edition of MR . O'CONNOR'S WORK ON SMALL FARMS To be had at the Nirthern Star Office , 16 , Great Wind mill Street ; and Abel Heywood , Manchester .
JUST PUBLISHED , * No . I , ( price Gd . ) of THE LABOURER , A Monthly Magazine of Polities , Literature , Poetry , & c Edited by Feabqos O'Connob , Esq ., and Ebnest Jones , Esq ., ( Barristers-at-Law . ) contents of no . i . 1 . A Christmas Carol , by Ernest Jones . 2 . New Year ' s Greeting . 3 . The Insurrections of the Working Classes ; 4 . Ireland . 5 . The State of Parties . C . The Romance of a People . 7 . The Trades' Unions . 8 . The Land and the Charter .
Tbe Northern Star Saturday, January 2, 18*7.
TBE NORTHERN STAR SATURDAY , JANUARY 2 , 18 * 7 .
Ireland. Her Social And Political Prospe...
IRELAND . HER SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PROSPECTS . These are subjects to which , independently of their immediate importance , we have , au especial right to dilate upon , b e cause , unlike the majority of Journals , and especially that edited by a deputy Whig minister , the "We e kl y Chronicle , " the " Star" has predicted the present state of the social and political relations of Ireland , while our friend of the " Chronicle , " in general , foretells events long after they have occurred . This inclement season , and the dreary mniine now raging throughout a fertile land , overflowing with milk and honey , and
peopled with a generous , industrious , and frugal race , would tempt us to withhold a very critical review of Iri s h p o li t ics , hut for the fact that all thought of social improvement for the last fifteen years has been extinguished by the political blaze , now subdued , but , anon , revived with increased effulgence to suit the temperature of a confiding , patient , but expedant people ; a fact which alone warrants us iu referring to our political and social predictions regarding men and measures in connection with that ill-fated country .
When the restoration of Hie Whigs to power should have been the watchword of Ireland ' s longlookcd-for opportunity , and while those vigilant and on the spot were tolerating , if not aiding , Mr . O ' Connell in his new policy , we wrote as follows , on the 18 th of Jul y , long before Parliament had been prorogued , Dungarvan disgraced and Ireland dishonoured ; then we wrote—Ireland is not yet in possession of the following fact ' . — Mr . O'Connell , before he left London , entered into a deflnitive treaty with tbe Whigs , the sum and substance ot
which was that he would go to Ireland and break up the repeal association . Has he not honourably fulfilled his mission ? But , Satan like , while he and his faction reap the reward of their country ' s dishonour , he will contrive to throw the odium of confusion and disturb ance upon those who have been told enough to resist his despotism and adhere to the lesions that he himsel . has Uugbt them . He has sold Ireland once more an . will sell her again , if her sons do not rise as one mat and for ever trample upon a power that has brough disgrace upon the nation and made Ireland a bye . won of contempt throughout the cWiliied world , Had w *
Ireland. Her Social And Political Prospe...
been aware that Dungarvan was to have been so dishonoured , if death , certain death , stared us in the face , we would have met the apostate upon the huttings and saved Ireland the dishonour and Dungarvan the dit . grace of so deep , and we fear , so lasting a wound . " Alas , poor country , Almost a / raid to know itself . " Has not this prediction been fulfilled to the letter ? while , as rcgan ' s the social improvements now shadowed forth in the Whig programme , can the most fastidious and critical reader , or our bitterest enemy , dissever what is good in the project from what we have recommended for the last
fourteen years , enforced in our several letters and speeches , and detailed in our letters to the Irish landlords , written in 1840 , and more minutely de . tailed in our several subsequent works . We take the following programme of Whig intention as regards Ireland , as the uncontradicted feeler of the d a il y organs of that party . Parliament will meet on tbe 19 th of January . * # # * * " We understand , 'therefore , that governmsnt has come to the resolution , at the opening of parliament , to meet the tremendous evils of Irish distress , not by one or two favourite measures , borrowed from any of the political
monomaniacs of the day , but by a clus'er or series of measures embracing the whole field of ill , granting with generous hand still mora of English wealth to the famished and helpless Irish , but at the same time forcing every class in that country to come forward and contribute V . & energies and its means to a permanent provision of employ and of support to the poor . This cluster of new measures is not a poor law , nor a waste land re . claiming , nor a batch of peasant proprietors , nor an emigration fund , nor a drainage bill ; but it is all these put together—at least , the better part of all these . And it is much more besides .
"Neither is it intended to suspend or discontinue the laws already in operation , how much soever the facilities created by them have been abused or overdone . The law which places a large fund at the disposal of the landlords to expend in permanent improvements is to be still at their service . The drainage bilU are to be consolidated into one rendered more clear and efficient . The relief committees are still to remain in operation , the immediate payment of the rate render , ing those who administer it , and find so great a portion of the funds , no doubt anxious to return-us fast as possible to a more normal and reproductive mode of em . ploying the poor ..
" By another law , theaction of the poorhouse will be put forward ns a check to fling back the loiterer , who could rind employ tlsewhere , from burdening relief funds . The workhouse and its test will be put in operation in such districts as will admit of them , But with the repuhive portion of the poor law will bo joined the truly charitable part , which is , that in all cases the infirm and tbe really destitute shall receive instant relief . For this purpose the warden of the poor in Ireland will be assigned the same duties as tbe overseer of the English union . " Emigration will not be overlooked , and the means of it wisely provided . Not only will depots be formed at home , but active and beneficent preparations will be mai e in the colonies , so as to ensure those who wish to emigrate against all the risks of the poor , unprovided , and ignorant emigrant .
" The peculiarity , however , of the present plan of emigration is , that it will be coupled with the choices of settlement at home , " A commission will be issued for the purchase of waste lands , which are to be enclosed , reclaimed , cultivated , and then offered in no large lots for sale , with such facilities as will render them a premium for industry and frugality , and the foundation of a class of Irish jeomen . There is no one who has reflected npon Irish Anarchy , that has not dtsired the extension both of the numbers and the quality of Irish proprietors . For this purpose the soil must be thrown open—not indeed given away to paupers , but offered as a reward and a prize to small capitals amassed by industry .
• ' The waste lands of Ireland , however , in the proportion in whieh they can be yearly reclaimed , offer but u narrow basis for a class of yeomen . If the waste lanos are uncultivated there are other lands , not waste , that are but half cultivated , and which , iu the hands of the poor , encumbered , embarassed landlord , are as profitless to the community as the bog or the heath . To render these more available , liberty will be given to sell entailed property . If reasons be required for so bold a step , they will be found ample enough in such letters as that of the Marquisof Conyngham , who declares' that his estates are too encumbered for him to improve them , and this at a time when , as the Scotsman observes , the Blessingtou estates have been sold for 27 years' purchase . The sale ol estates , however entailed by their owners to get rid of their embarrassments , cannot fail to open the Irish soil to capital in large and in small inasses . Tbe yeomen wiU have their share .
Now , we ask the impartial reader , if it is possible to read our letters to the Irish landlords without coming to the conclusion , to the irresistible conclusion , that an embarassed government has been compelled to deal with its greatest " difficulty " upon the very principles , suggestions , and details recommended by an incarcerated rebel . In 1823 we were compelled to fly our country , for thirteen months , for having written a pamphlet recommending five measures for the correction of five Irish grievances ; and , in less than four years , the Saxon Parliament was compelled to admit the existence of those grievances , and to legislate for them , as recommended by the outlaw . Hence , the " CLUSTER
OF WHIG MEASURES" are " NOT BORROWED FROM ANY OF THE POLITICAL MONOMANIACS OF THE DAY , " but they are a leaf stolen from the book of the OUTLAWED 1 NCARCERATE D CHARTIST . When the advocates of the large farm system were thinning the agricultural population , and driving the healthy mountaineers and Highlanders into loathsome cellars in unwholesome towns , we averred that from north to south , from east to west , from
Ireland. Her Social And Political Prospe...
John O'Groats to Land's-end , fifty acres could not he found lying together , cultivated to one-fifth part of their capability . We averred that the waste lands were but ihe cold meat in the larder , which should be reclaimed by capitalists employing hired labour , at a standard established in the free-labour market . We averred that the superior cultivation of our now slovenly cultivated soil , would require three times the amount of our present population .
We averred that famine , poverty , and distress would break down all the aristocratic barriers , with which oppression , monopoly , and tyranny , bad fenced the uncultivated wilds of a new race of feudal upstarts . We averred that the Irish landlords , skulking their duty and neglecting their trust , would be compelled to surrender their estates to government management , for the establishment of a small proprietary class .
We averred that money should be generously and lavishly advanced for the accomplishment of this desirable object , showing that every million advanc e d , at an interest cheerfully paid , would leave a surplus of £ 20 , 000 per annum for payment of the necessary staff for carrying out the project ; and we estimated the amount at ONE HUNDRED MILLIONS ; thus at one and the same time creating an agricultural capital of that amount , and leaving a residue of Two Millions per annum , to insure its fair and impartial expenditure , and the punctual pavment of the interest .
We averred that if God ' s gift to man was too circumscribed to secure to each a nest and a labour field , that then , and not till then , we would acquiesce in the necessity of emigration . We averred that the Irish landlords would remain quiescent , sulky and resisting , until , in the hope of saving a part from famine and destitution , created by themselves , they would accept as a gratuity government interference . which , under other circumstances and in the plenitude of their full blown power and audacity , they would resist to the death .
When we ventured upon these predictions there wa s no f a mine in t he l a nd , nor was the monster on his perceptible march . Nay , at a more recent period , when the FULL-FISTED "Times" was cheering us in July and August last with such prospect of " hot rolls" and " cheap bread" as induced us to deal from hand to mouth with our muffin man and baker ; we answered with the present state o the poor-houses , which we predicted would be too small for the applicants , and when , the impetus to
be given to agriculture was fancifully pourtrayed by a scribbler in the garret , we predicted that total neglect of all agricultural pursuits , the verification of which has now become the daily subject of newspaper lamentation . "Oh , but , " says the "Economist , ' " this is begging the question , this is a forced straining of the principle ; this has been the result of famine not of Free Trade . " We answer , that if famine had not done it Free Trade was certain to have accomplished it , while , let the cause be what it mav , we have foretold the event .
A g a in , when the several scribes were sending their cattle drovers all over the habitable globe , or predicting their non-existence , in a garret , pending the discussion upon Peel ' s Cattle Tariff in 1842 , we stood alone , reviled , c o n t emned , and scoffed at in the House of Commons , when Mr . Wakley read our letter praying for a short respite till after Easter , and in which we predicted that the effect of the measure could not be felt until the close of the year 1846 , as no . vote of the senate could compel foreign cows to go to Bull , or foreign cattle to get fat , before a certain age .
We averred that cattle were commodity of which no nation had a surplus ; but that , the rich market being opened to the untaxed world , would very speedily be glutted with the encouraged produce . We av e rred , that everything which was a substitute for fresh meat would be a competitor against fresh meat . We averred , that a pound duty upon the horns of an untaxed foreign ox was nothing in comparison with the multifarious tax npon the horns of a homegrown beast .
We averred that the first experiment would be tried on old cows and plough oxen ; and when the " Chronicle" and the " Sun" childishly noticed the expense of transmission as a barrier to extensive commerce , we averred , that a new and extensive traffic would give rise to as extensive a competition in the means of new , improved , and cheap transit . We have lived to the close of 1846 . We are now writing , in the last hour of the last day , and we ask our contemptuous revilers to peruse the import lists of foreign food and live beasts , recentl y admi tt ed b y
the Tariff of 1842 , and say who were the fools , and who was prophet ? W e shall close our article the last day of the last year of old time with the prediction , that Daniel O'Connell will subscribe to every Whig measure which guarantees government pa t ronage , upon condition that he shall be the recipient and the dispenser of the lion ' s share ; that he will quarter his Young Hannibals and Repeal
staff upon Ireland ' s young hope , in the hour of Ireland ' s apathy and increasing misery ; and that he will take shelter from the torrent of national indignation , which is sure to follow his treachery and treason , in a SAXON PEERAGE - , while his emancipated coun t rymen , released from the trammels of his inso lence , peculation , and ASSUMED PREJUDICES , will once more rise as a great nation , s t rong e r f o r hi s deceit , and the more s : lf-relying for his treachery .
The American President's Message. We Bel...
THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE . We believe that it was the notorious Talleyrand who said '• ' speech was given to roan to conceal , not express , his thoughts ; " so appears to think Mr . President Polk , for his enormous " Message" can onl y have been concocted for the purpose of making
"the worse appear the better reason , " and hiding from the world the truth which must be evident enough to himself , that his Government is engaged in a most atrocious war of aggression against a weak and injured sister state j a war utterly opposed to those just and benevolent principles on which the United States Republic was professedly founded .
Seven mortal columns of the " Morning Chronicle" are occupied with that portion of the " Messag e" which is exclusively devoted to a justification of the Mexican war . Of course all through the dispute between the two Republics Mexico has been in the wrong . When did the strong fail to satisfy themselves of that when they desired the destruction of ' the weak ? The English in India , the
Russians in Poland , and the . French in Africa , have always been in the right , for they have been the vic to rs , and " mig h t makes ri ght . " The United Slates follow in the wake of the old despotisms ; superior force yields victory , and with all the unblushing mendacity which Kings know so well how to emp loy , President Polk , t he u ncrowned , imitates his disreputable fellow-chieftains , aud employs falsehood and hypocrisy te justify pillage and murder .
Suppose all that President Polk says as to the indebtedness of Mexico to the United States merchants is true , does it become America to play the bully towards her unfortunate debtor ? We have never joined in the senseless clamour ugainst the United States respecting their " repudiations , " on the contrary , we have defended the American people when they have repudiated debts which , without their consent , had been imposed upon them by trafficking politicians and scheming money-mongers , but we must m America should he the last nation
The American President's Message. We Bel...
on the face of the earth to make tbe non-payment Of debts , alleged to be due to her by another nation the ground-work for ravaging her neighbour ' s terl ritory with fire and sword . Debtors should not be duns , and Repudiators should he merciful to those who cannot cash up . The Americans laid claim to between four and five millions of dollars against Mexico , the Mexican Commissioners acknowledged to two millions , but because this has not been paid President p ik plunges the country into a war , which can hardly fail to cost the Republic at least twenty times the sum charged against Mexico . Is not this an imitation of the insanities and crimes of Kingship ) Whither is America tending ?
President Polk a second plea is that " tho an . nexation of Texas to the United States constituted no just cause of offence to Mexico . " It appears to us that , of that Mexico must be tbe best judge ; but passing over that question , we come to the mora im , mediate casus belli , the occupation of the territory between the Nueces and the Rio Grande del Norte , To say the least , this territory was "debateabU ground , " and the presumption is , that it was Mexican and not Texan ground . The occupation of this territory was , theref o re , an act of invasion On the part of the Americans , calculated , and , as wo believe , intended , for the purpose of exciting the Mexicans to an outbreak . The scheme succeeded and then commenced the war of invasion . which has
thus far resulted in the addition to the Anglo-American republic of an extent of territory exceeding that of the " old thirteen" states of the Union ? But at what cost has this been effected ? At the cost of millions of dollars and thousand * of lives . Some of the murderous horrors of Monterey hare been laid before our readers . Let us add that one of the American officers writes from Monterey that "decencyand shame forbade him to mention what took place after the capture of that city ! ' * See the " brilliant achievements" of these wretches so proudly vaunted by President Polk ! Well may Young America ask , — '" Have Mr . Polk ' and his ad . visers sisters and daughters ? Have they hearts of flesh and blood V
We have spoken of the pecuniary cost of this war to the United States . In July last the United States treasury had a surplus of nine millions of dollars every cent was long since expended , and a - debt o six millions has already been contracted . ' This ia not all ; the President demands the raising of a LOAN of TrVENTY-THREE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS ; and , further , an iscriask of taxation ! It is even said that a TEA TAX is to be imposed ! Have the Americans so ; soon forgotten Boston Harbour and Bunker ' s Hill ? Young America of December 5 th , published three days before the delivery of the President ' s missnge , presents this war and taxes question in the follow . ing light : —
Only analyxe the idea of sending our unemplojfd Iacklanders to be shot at and to kill women and children in Mexico , because that governmpnt owed money to a few rich speculators among us , who chose to venture their property on the ocean in time of war ! Will the expenses of this most villainous war be paid by a tariff tax or by a direct tax ! Will they bo paid at all ! or will they be converted into a debt to saddle upon us an army of pensioners ? Be advised , Mr . Polk ! Your army have gained three victories , and have rioted almost to their hearts' eontent in blood and rapine ! You can never withdraw them with a better grace than now ! Stop the war , or consign your memory to the execration of posterity !
This war against Mexico is " a war for the a ° . grandisement of party leaders , for the enrichment of land-speculators , and for the exiension of every form of slavery , " therefore we denounce it ; therefore we condemn President Polk ' s " message . " But "Wait a little longtr ;" the National Reformers will be in the ascendant ere long , and then we shall see the grand reckoning . In our seventh page will be found some very interesting accounts of the progress of this party . Their brief and simple "pledge" is of more importance thin President Polk ' a ten ^ olumn'd " message . " That " pledge" contains the germ of America ' s salvation , and mankind ' s final victory over class-usurpation , political wrong and social injustice .
Weekly Review. The Note Of Preparation F...
WEEKLY REVIEW . The note of preparation for the approaching Parliamentary campaign has been sounded by the leaders of the three grea \ parties . Lord John Russell has issued a circular to his supporters , requesting their attendance at the opening of the Session , as business of importance will be immediately proceeded with . Lord Stanley has formally taken up the position of leader of the Protectionist party , and has issued a circular to the members of that party who have seats in the House of Lords , expressing his
hope that their Lordships will give their attendance at the commencement of the Session . This is the usual course adopted by the recognised leader of a party ; and the fact of Lord Stanley thus publicly coining forward , shows that the Protectionists are determined to fight a stout battle with an organised force . The Conservative party have , it is said , also been summoned by circular , in a man n er whi c h would seem to imply that Sir Robert Peel intends to take the field as a leader of the Opposition . But the " Morning Post" states , that this circular is supposed to have emanated from Messrs . Young and
Cardwell , ex-Secretaries of the Treasury ; and , t hough purporting to be from Peel , that it has been put forth , not only without his consent , but withou t his knowledge . Indeed , the course which the ex-Premier will take is , at present , matter of great uncertainty . The " Chronicle" states , it is rumoured in well-informed circles , that Lord Lincoln will occupy the most prominent place in the Opposition during the Session . If so , we conclude that it will be bu t temporary ; for we cannot imagine that at the age of fifty-eight , in the full possession of ripe experienc e and unimpaired vigour , Sir Robert intends to retire into the seclusion of Drayton Manor , for the purpose of making improvements and planting cabbages all the remainder of his life . Perhaps this
temporary concession of so permanent a place to a subalte rn of hi s own p ar t y , and brief retirement for a season of repose , may be part of a prudent and foreseeing policy on the part of an astute statesman By awaiting the subsidence of the troubled and fcr menting elements of party , and leaving the cares of government to confessedly inferior to himself as practicalstatesmen , at a moment when , both at home and abroad , our affairs require the most vigorous , comprehensive , and decided policy , Sir Robert will teach the partizans of selfish and short-sighted leaders , what the country at large is already fully convinced of , namely , that at present he is tho only man capable of effectually grappling with the state of the country . A few conspicuous failures will render even these who are
now m power anxious to retire , and deter the dilletante , sucking statesmen of the Protectionist parly from aspiring to office . Meanwhile , we understand that the Whigs intend to scramble through the whole Session as quietly as they can , and to raise no great question on which they mig ht be defeated , if they can possibly avoid doing so . Out readers are well aware of their love for place and pay , aud this determination quite squares with the popular idea of their character .
Bite there is another party whose influence has to be taken into consideration in these speculations as to the political future—THE PEOPLE—as contra-distinguished from all mere sectional organise tions . At the- present moment it may be truly , though sadiy , said , that the masses have but one representative in that House , which , by a cuijioujj misnojtteVia called "the People ' s" and howev
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 2, 1847, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_02011847/page/4/