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January 4, 1845. A THF, ¦ vnnTTTTCRTf ST...
LEEDS TOWN COUNCIL. Special Meeting, Wed...
Attempted Murder and Scicide.—On Saturda...
THE NOETHERN STAK SATURDAYJANUARY 41845.
DUNCOMBE AND THE TRADES. " Thebe is a ti...
MR. PRESIDENT TYLER'S MESSAGE. The pract...
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Mb. AiEXAwnEE Campbell, Dundee.—We have ...
MONIES RECEIVED BY MR. O'CONNOR. FOE EXE...
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Extensive Bank Robbery in Paris.— Narrow...
January 4, 1845. A Thf, ¦ Vnnttttcrtf St...
January 4 , 1845 . A THF , vnnTTTTCRTf STAR '
Leeds Town Council. Special Meeting, Wed...
LEEDS TOWN COUNCIL . Special Meeting , Wednesday , Jan . 1 , 1845 . — This body held a meeting for special purposes , this day , assembling at eleven o ' clock in the forenoon . There was a good attendance of members ; and among them Mr . Joshua Hohson , who still retains his qualification and seat in the borough . The " notice paper " exhibited more notice * than the usual number , of business to be transacted ; and but a portion of them was gone through . The first motion was the appointing of four trustees of the advowson ot bt . John ' s church . Three Whigs and a Tory were proposed by a Whig alderman : Mr . Hobson proposed two Whigs , one Torv , and one Chartist , that all the parties inthcCouncilmighthave theirfingerin the Churchpie , " in proportion to the amount of representation earfi had achieved for itself . He pressed his motion
to a division , having the votes recorded . There were several members in the room who declined voting ; so many as to make it doubtful whether the orig inal motion was carried , the law requiring that every resolve should receive the assent of a majority of the members of Council present : and although the record of attendance proved that the neutrals were present ; and although the record of votes itself proved that they werc present , but neutral , the mayor ruled that those who declined to vote when a question was put , were absent , and could not be treated as present ! and this too when the very men thus held to be absent were sitting around and looking the wise Mayor , who so ruled , strai g ht on the face . The appointing of Whig Trustees being so settled , Mr . Councillor Heywood moved for the appointment of a select Committee to inquire
into certain alleged acts of malversation on the part of the chief police-officers of the borough , whohad , if his information werecorrect , obtained money both from the County-rate , the Leeds Boroug h-fund , and from the partieson whosepremiscsrohhericshad been committed , for alleged sevices and expense in searching after and apprehending the offenders ; and this too in cases where not a single farthing of expense had been incurred . Mr . Alderman Luccock moved , as an amendment , that the charges be referred to the Watck Committee ; and the supporters of the original motion offered to acquiesce in the amendment , if Mr . Heywood was added to the Watch Committee , and be thus placed in a position where he could prosecute the inquiry he proposed , and adduce the evidence b y which the allegations were sustained . On
a division the amendment was agreed to ; and Mr . Hobson immediately moved that Mr . Heywood should be constituted a member of the inquiring body , in accordanee with the ail-but universal Eracticc of all deliberative bodies . This was refused vibe "tyrant majority "; and Mr . Hey wood immediately announced his intention not to go with his cases before the Watch Committee , but to produce them , one by one , in open Council , having his " evidence" ready to be examined by a Committee of the whole house . Several other matters were then disposed of , and Mr . Councillor Jackson moved , " That a memorial from the Council be transmitted to her majesty , praving for the liberation o John Frost , Zcphaniah Williams , and William Jones , now banished from the countrv . " In introducing the
motion , he grounded his claim for the interference of the Council on humanity and mercy . He , was not sufficiently aware " of the facts of the case to be able to say what was the extent of crime with which the parties suffering were really chargeable ; butjwhen he reflected on the undue haste with which the prisoners had been hurried to trial ; the strong excitement and fears that existed at the time to operate on the jury class ; the fact that Frost had provided for a Bill of Exchange , falling due the very day ofthe alleged revolt ; the different resultpf the legal objections taken in their case to those taken in a recent case in Dublin , he thought that there were so many extenuating circumstances about the case , and such a suspicion of injustice having been committed , as would justify the Council in
taking the step he asked it to take . He also read ' etters from Mr . Frost to his familly , and from Mrs . Frost to her beloved husband , to show that he was not he blood-thirsty , ferocious " miscreant" thatinterestdpaitieskid represented himtobe . Mr . Councillor irook seconded themotion . 'whiek was opposed by Mr . Aid . Shaw , on the plea that he could not conceive there existed any public grounds on which such a request cculd be made . He went into a history of the alledgad facts attendent on the case : argued that the punishment -under the circumstances was not severe , for the parties concerned might think themselves / ortnnate that their lives had not been sacrificed to the vengeance of the law by the hand of the public executioner . He was replied to by Mr . Hobson , who detailed a number of facts relative to the ramified
been done to the prisoners , in hurrying on the trial system of Spyism that existed at ? the period , accounted for the entrapping of Frost into the appearance of being engaged in transactions which lus soul loathed and abhorred ; showed that justice had not before a jury of ignorant prejudiced Welsh farmers , frightened to death by the fear that their property were to be taken from them ; and showed that the reasoning of Alderman Shaw respecting the legal objections , their nature , and force , was wholl y invallid ; and that If equal justice had been xneeted out to the persecuted Chartist , as to other parties , they would never have been sent out of the country at all . We rcsret our inability this week
to give the facts relied on by both parties to this im-Eortant discussion ; hut shall take care to shortly ring them before the public in some shape or other . At the conclusion of Mr . Hobson ' s address the motion went to the vote ; when eleven voted for it ; twenty-nine against , and three were neutral . One of thic " neutrals had pledged himself to lus constituents to vote for the liberation of the martyrs ; and when reminded of this fact in open council by Mr . Heywood , he mado use of an expression which Mr . Hobson made into " a peg" on which to explain a " gross misrepresentation affecting himself by the Leeds Mercury . The facts of the case are set forth in the following letter : —
To the Editor ofiheZeeds Mercury , Gextlkmen , —As yoa have lately turned the Leeds Mercury into a record of good or bad breeding—particularly regis t ering the " vulgarities" of the members of the Leeds Town Council ; and as you lately deemed an imputed " vulgarity" of mine sufficiently important to form the subject of a lending article ; and as I have just now discovered a tit companion , whoso "breedment , behavement , and bronghting-np-ment" is every whit as " vulgar" as my own , in the person of Mr . Jonathan Shackleton , who met a statement of a brother councillor yesterday , that he had violated a pledge given in the presence of hundreds of his constituents , with the elegant phrase , "IPs a lie , " —I beg to apprise you of the fact , fearing that your reporter , who is remarkably deaf at times , may not have «¦ noted" it I am , gentlemen , Tour "ill-bred " servant to command , Leeds , Jan . 2 , 1 S 45 . Joshoa Hobson .
P . S . —X > n the -whole , I think that "friend" Jonathan rather beats mc in the matter of "vulgarity , " Be did give "the lie direct , " in plain , nnmistakablelanguage : I onl y pointed out the fact that Mr . Yewdall had also done so , when he charged Mr . Martin Cawood with " using language which be knew to be untrue . " I did this , because our " very strict" and " orderly" Mayor allowed Mr . Yewdall to so " g ive t he lie " without reproof or observation : and my having done so , was twisted by you into having given "the lie" myself . However , of this I do not much complain . I can afford to sit under a good deal of misrepresentation : and in this case am quite content to be in no worse position than "friend" Jonathan . J . H . Before the motion for adjournment was carried , Mr . Hobson gave notice of his intention to move a standing okdeb that those members who were " present" should not he reckoned as " absent . " Tho meeting then adjourned to Monday next
Attempted Murder And Scicide.—On Saturda...
Attempted Murder and Scicide . —On Saturday week the neighbourhood of Cripplegatc was thrown into a painful state of excitement , in consequence of the discovery of a father having tried to murder Iris own offspring—a little girl , and afterwards attempted to take away his own life . The particulars connected with this distressing affair arc as follow : It appears that between eleven and twelve o clock the attention of some of the neighbours residing in Lower Whitccross-strcct , was attracted to No . 50 , occupied by a bookseller and newsvender of the name of Flood , through hearing a violent screaming proceeding from Ihe upper part of the house . One of the parties immediately went and knocked at the door , but receiving no answer , it was deemed advisable to force the door , which being dono , another man ofthe name
of Dalhhin , an Italian warehouseman , rushed up stairs , and upon opening one of the room doors , a most distressing spectacl e presented itself . Upon the floor was found lying Mr . Flood , apparently dying , and his daughter , a fine little girl , close b y , screaming with all his mi ght , and suffering the most excruciating agony . It was at once apparent that both father and daughter were suffering from the effect of some deadly poison . Messengers were therefore despatched for medical assistance . In a very brief period two surgeons arrived , and administered the stomach pump , and the usual antidotes . They were , however , unable to eradicate the whole of the poison from the man ' s stomach , it having such a strong hold of the whole ofthe system , and , as the last resource to save his life he was removed to St . Bartholomew ' s Hospital , where , at seven o clock last evening , the reporter , upon calling , ascertained that there was little hopes ofthe unfortunate man ' s recovery . The
remedies administered to the girl had a better effect , and it is hoped that she may ultimately recover . The probable cause of the unfortunate man making such a desperate attempt to destroy his own life , and that of his daughter , is the following : —A few days since his wife died , whichsopreyednponliismindthat ever since ho has beeu noticed tobe in an exceedingly low and desponding state , and he has more than once been heard to say , that he feared he should one day die by J ^ -sownhand . Manchester . —A Tyomax SrABUEn nr her IIusakd . —On Monday , a man named John Roberts , a packer , Hving in Great Mount-street , who had been remanded from a previous day , was brought up at the Borough Court , on a charge of stabbing his wife . — Mr . Sawley , superintendent of police , produced a surgeon ' s certificate to the effect that the female was lying in the Royal Infirmary hi a dangerous state ; and , in consequence , the prisoner was further rc-¦ manded . Mwk ^
Attempted Murder And Scicide.—On Saturda...
Death by Burning . — On Thursday week a police-constable , named Ayliffe , on his beat in Greenman-lane , Poplar , heard the screams of a woman , and cries of "Murder , " "Fire , " , proceed from the house , Ifo . 3 , inhabited by a person named Ellen Walsh , He endeavoured to obtain admission , but was unable to do so until he broke open the door , when the unfortunate creature ( Walsh ) fell into his arms with her garments blazing around her . Ayliffe , with great presence of mind , threw his great coat about her person , flung her on the ground , and rolled her over and over until he extinguished the flames . She was removed to the London hospital , and death has since relieved her of her sufferings . The woman was of the class called " unfortunate , " and went home intoxicated on Christmas-night , leaving a candle burning on a chair by her bed-side , and the light communicated to her clothes .
Manchester . —Determined Suicide . —On Tuesday week Mi-. Charles Swengley , landlord of the Waterloo Tavern , Cockpit-hill , put an end to his existence by shooting himself through the head . It appears that on Monday evening he went to the shop of Mr . Conway , gunmaker , Blackfriars , to purchase a pistol , saying it was for a little boy to shoot sparrows . He procured one , which he afterwards thought too small , and came back for a larger one . The next morning he was found by the servants lying near the fire-place ofthe bed-room with his head blown
to pieces . It is conjectured that he placed himself before a large glass , which stood over tlie chimneypiece , and discharged the pistol into his mouth . The pistol was found laying by his side . Some powder and shot were on the table , together with a piece of paper on which the unfortunate man had written a few lines , in a rather trembling hand , declaring : himself to he "broken , " and wishing to be pardoned for all his faults . An inquest was held on the body on Tuesday , when thejury returned a verdict of—Suicide under temporary insanity .
Tub Late Mukderocs Attack on the Earl of Coventry ' s Keepers , at Croome . —Yesterdayweek Superintendent Harris , ofthe Pcrshore station , accompanied by Superintendent Pctford , - apprehended three men in Pershore , suspected of having been concemedin the latal fatal affray . Theyare severally named Francis Dinglcy , Samuel Turvey , and William Brimfield . We understand that Turvey and the three other prisoners have already been convicted of poaching , and strong suspicion exists that all participated in the deplorable outrage . The inquest on Staitcwas commenced yesterday , and after the examination of several witnesses , was adjourned to the 7 th of January . —Worcester Herald of Saturday .
CHAMBERS' PHILOSOPHY REFUTED . In the Press , and will he published on Friday next , the 10 th inst ., Price Fourpence , ( forming a Pamphlet of 48 pages demy 8 vo . ) A FULL and COMPLETE REFUTATION ofthe PHILOSOPHY contained in a TRACT rccenfly published by the MESSRS . CHAJfBERS , of Edinburgh , entitled tlie "Employer and Employed . " This valuable little work will contain the most complete defence ofthe demands of the Working Classes for their fair share of the enormous wealth created b y Machinery , as well as a justification of Trades Unions ; and will be prefaced by a short Dialogue between a Factory Infant Female Operative , her Mother , and Grandmother ; the latter of whom remembers the days of yore , before Machinery had supplanted Manual Labour .
The Noethern Stak Saturdayjanuary 41845.
THE NOETHERN STAK SATURDAYJANUARY 41845 .
Duncombe And The Trades. " Thebe Is A Ti...
DUNCOMBE AND THE TRADES . " Thebe is a time to build up and a time to pull down , " saith the proverb . There is also a time for activity and a time for slumber . There is a philosophy in idleness , and wisdom in doingnothing . From the tune that the busy bustle of the Parliamentary session is over , until the law-makers again meet , there is little to disturb the monotony of life , except the summer and winter assizes , the November fogs and consequent suicides , and the Christmas pantomimes . All these interludes between the sessions of 1844 and 1845 have passed away , without much
to distinguish them from those of former years beyond the lamentable catalogue of crime , and consequent destruction of human life , developed at tho recent winter assize ; a corresponding increase ofthe London fogs , and the more than usual amount o * laughter produced by the Christmas pantomimes . From the commencement of the new year to the opening of Parliament is to the Minister , and indeed to all political parties , a period of anxiety and suspense . There is doubt and hope ; doubt as to the allegiance of Mends , and hope in the weakness of enemies .
The new year presents us with the opening of the French Chambers—with one of those senseless royal speeches , " made to order for the occasion ; " with the opening of the Canadian Assembly , prefaced by another semi-royal prologue ; and the opening of the American Congress , with an excessively long , though not unimportant , yarn from Mr . Presidext Ttuer . The French Monarch appears to attach paramount importance to his personal intimacy with the Queen of England , and the many acts of kindness that he received from the people of that
country , meaning , wc presume , thereby , the attention exhibited towards him by the lacqueys who attended him at the Royal table : while the Governor-General of Canada attaches surpassing interest to the birth of a Royal Prince . In all these new year ' s gifts for royalty , aristocracy , and the middle classes , we do not recognise one single sentence , line , or word , to the advantage ofthe working classes ; and was it not for the " message" of Duncombe to the people of England , which will be found in our seventh page , we should have found it difficult to select a single incident cheering to the heart of Labour .
Our readers will see in Mr . Duxcombe s reply to Mr . Dkukt , matter of more importance to the work ing classes of England than the opening of all the Representative Assemblies in the world . It , is true that Mr . Duncombe dislodges us from our own hobby , the grand "Duncombe Demonstration , "but then we are too good soldiers to be guilty of a single act of disobedience , and too well understand the importance of following the instnictions of our leader to utter a single murmur of complaint at our own disappointment . In passing , however , we may say that we did contemplate an object , and a very important one too ,
to be served by the proposed demonstration ; our object was to give Mr . Duncombe that strength , without which , to use his own words , he is deficient in thab power whereby his exertions may be successful . He says— " I am only strong when I represent the organised strength of yocb order . " Now , in the above admission we fully , concur ; and tho object of the proposed demonstration was to convince our assembled representatives , who could not close their eyes against the importance of such an exhibition , that Mr . Duncombe did represent the organised
strength of Mr . Drory ' s order , which is the order of Labour . It may be urged that Mr . Duncombe s popularity , and his influence over the working classes , are admitted facts . They are facts ; but then neither the press nor the different leaders of political sections will admit them as truth . However , upon the whole we have not much to complain of , as the proposition of Mr . Duncombe is but the postponement of the grand object which we anticipated would result from the demonstration—namely , the Trades' Delegate Conference to be held in London .
To this project we have for now nearly two years endeavoured to direct the attention of the Trades ; nor have wo altogether failed in preparing the public mind for the adoption of the scheme , coming , as it now docs , with the full force of recommendation , from one who has never flinched , and who pledges himself never to flinch , from the advocacy of Labour ' s cause . One of two results must now occur : either the Trades must meet and devise plans for the protection of Labour , or all classes of Labour must tamel y submit to every infliction the present system imposes upon them , and must henceforth transfer their abuse of irresponsible Government and uncontrolled power of capital , to the apathy , subserviency , and cowardice of the Trades . If Mr . Dis-combe ' s letter is of paramount
Duncombe And The Trades. " Thebe Is A Ti...
importance , Mr . Dbuby ' b is not deficient in significance . Mr . Drury says that he speaks as the organ ofthe Trades of Sheffield ; his words are— " As the Trades of Sheffield ( in common with the working classes ofthe country ) regard you as the veritable representative of the working millions , I feel emboldened on then * behalf to request your opinion and advice upon the following subjects . " Then follows the subject upon which Mr . Duncombe ' s advice is sought . Hence we have the Trades of Sheffield
craving Mr . Duncombe ' s opinion throug h then * legitimate organ ; we have that opinion clearly , exp licitly , manfully , thoughtfully , and ably g iven ; and now the only question to be considered is , whether the Trades will follow the advice of their friend . His opinion is asked as to how the Trades can be relieved from their present hopeless condition . He tells them how ; and should they fail to act upon that opinion , they cannot blame us if we shall henceforth call them by the name of their own adoption— " WILLING SLAVES . "
Again , Mi-. Drur y asks for a plan by which the Trades shall not only be prepared , and enabled to meet any legislative assault , but he very wisely asks for a plan by which they may be enabled to meet and withstand the still more active agressions of " THE CAPITALISTS WITH WHOM THEY ARE MORE IMMEDIATELY AND INDIVIDUALLY CONNECTED . " ' The above passage in Mi ' . Dnnnv ' s letter , taken in connection with the following passage in Mr . Duncombe ' s reply , is incontrovertible evidence on the necessity of a Trades ' Conference , apart from any assault that Government
may meditate against the interests of their order . We have always contended that the active power of capital is a more deadly and pernicious enemy to the working classes than the most stringent legal enactment ; and , therefore , we are happy to find our opinions confirmed by the good sense of a practical working man , as well as by the sound judgment of a legislator . The following is Mr . Duncombe ' s opinion as to the necessity of a Trades' Conference , apart from any consideration of legal enactment . He says ,
" you may rest assured that thought in tho right direction , and acted upon wisely , is all that the Trades and industrious classes require to obtain for them , not only political emancipation , but some of those practical remedies which the men of Sheffield have so sagaciously adopted . I allude principall y to their plan of restriction , to whicli my attention was more immediately directed during the discussions of last session upon the " Factory" and " Masters and Servants " Bills .
In order to arouse the Trades and the working classes to a sense of their duty , the herald thus sounds the warning note . He says , "As to tho tactics likely to be pursued in Parliament by the representatives of wealth , from certain speeches , letters , and publications that have recently appeared , and which leave little doubt in my mind , no time should be lost by the working classes to prepare for a bold and vigorous stand . " Now this is a timely forewarning , and , no doubt , Mr . Duncombe sees in tho recent brutal speech of Earl Fhzwillum , the cringing letter of Mr . Ward , and the damnable philosophy of the Chambers ' , the flash that but precedes the law ' s thunder . Again Mr . Duncombe says , " I know of
no course ( excluded as the working classes are from the Parliamentary franchise ) better calculated to give effect to that object , than that which you suggest , viz ., that the wise and virtuous from all parts ofthe empire should meet by delegation at a conference in London ; where , co-operating with the Metropolitan Trades , they shall endeavour to devise such means as shall not only obtain protection to the sons of toil from that oppression and persecution , of which they have so long and so justly complained , but shall also tend to disabuse the public mind of those prejudices , which I regret to see are now so industriously encouraged against every combination but that of capital and of power . "
Here , then , we have reasons cogent , strong , and all-sufficient to justify us in the belief and hope that the dull , the sluggish , and slothful armour of selfimportance will be cast from the body of Labour , and that the active dress of agitation will be assumed in its stead . With these extracts we conclude our comment upon these two admirable documents : much hi g her in importance than all the Royal speeches that have been delivered for tho last ten years . We do not regret the time being changed from February to Easter , a period when , apart from essential business of their own , the cheap trips may induce
thousands to visit the metropolis , and thereby considerably unit the expense consequent upon tho delegation . We trust that the letters of Mr . Drur y and Mr . Duncombe will be read at every public meeting of the Trades and working classes ; and that by next week we shall have the pleasing duty of recording the hearty thanks and cheerful response of the millions to their chief . We have been knocked off our high horse , but , determined to have a ride , we will gee if the " workies " of London cannot , without a procession , be gratified with the company of their leader at a tea
party at the Crown and Anchor , on Monday the 3 rd of February , the night previous to the opening of Parliament . We candidly confess that we had attached much importance to the proposed demonstration , but we attach much more to the necessity of following the advice of the acknowledged leader of the people ; and therefore , in our disappointment at the blow , we shall merely say with the Irishman , — " By Shasus , your honour , hut I'd rather you'd knock me down , than that another should laugh in my face !"
Mr. President Tyler's Message. The Pract...
MR . PRESIDENT TYLER'S MESSAGE . The practice of saying less than nothing in thoso royal speeches by which our Houses of Parliament are annually opened , has been variously commented upon . The old maxim " Vir sapit qui pauca loquitur "— " themanis wise who speaksbnt little "—has , wc presume , given rise to those very meagre royaj prologues with which the national farce of legislation is annually preceded . In a country like England , where taxation upon the many for tho benefit of the
few surpasses all other nations upon earth , her people , who are to pay those taxes , might verylnaturally expect such a bill of fare as would satisfy them that the banquet l /> be paid for was one in which those who were to discharge tho bill were to have some share . Indeed , we have always thought that every measure , ? such as Coercion , Starvation , Masters' and Servants' Bills , Anns Bills , and the like , should be referred to in the royal speech , in order that the people might have an opportunity of knowing the extent and value of those measures which they are called upon to support .
The perusal of Mr . President Ttur ' s Message to the American Congress may give us some notion of the reasons why monarchs are in general so very brief upon political topics ; and any one who reads the admirable Message of the American President , will discover the great advantages that a Republican form of Government possesses over all others . True , it is long , but the various matters therein discussed are one and all of national importance , and such as should not be withheld from the knowledge of thoso whose interests are mainly involved in the several questions . Instead of devoting ' the first portion of his Message to the gratifying intelligence that "he
continues to receive the most friendl y assurances from all foreign powers , " the Chief Magistrate of a free people commences by directing public attention to those free institutions by which all forei gn powers are compelled to pay respect and homage to the united voice of a people who are all equal in the eye of the law , and all equally represented in the constitution . It is that portion of tho President ' s Message to which we would direct the especial attention of our readers , because , from its perusal , they wilt receive the best answer to the many charges and lamentations ofthe Tory press of England , against the means resorted to to procure a fair representation of the national will in the person of Mr , Polk ,
When Mi \ President Tyler speaks of one of the most important questions submitted to Congress—the annexation of Texas—he boldl y defends his own policy upon the subject , by reminding Congress that he has appealed from the decision of the Senate to the voice
Mr. President Tyler's Message. The Pract...
of the nation ; and thus triumphantly refutes the many absurd and ridiculous objections urged by the Tory press of England against the princip le of Universal Suffrage . The Pope , the Devil , and the Pretender could not have presented greater horrors to the imag ination of our contemporary the Times , than Folk , the Oregon , and Texas . Nor could the great Wizard of the North , or any of our Christmas harlequins , have more magically dissolved the hobgoblinism of the affrighted journalist , than has Mr . President Tyler dissolved this triple bugabooism . The increase of commerce , tlie prosperity of trade , the additional value given to Government securities , the termination
of hostilities withiihe India tribes , the preservation of universal peace , the ability to cope with the Queen of the Ocean , the increased facilities for tho transmission of American produce , as well as for more extensive intercourse with all the other nations of the earth ; the certainty of annexing Texas to the United States without the dread of war ; the probability of settling the Oregon question without a recourse to arms , together with a prospect of completing such other measures as shall insure peace and prosperity to the New World—Mr . President Tylek ascribes the hope of being able to effect one and all of those things to tlie Republican institutions by - which tho United States arc governed .
Mr . Tyler ' s very statesmanlike method of administeringthe retort courteous to . tke Tory press of Eng land is dignified , masterly , and unique . Of course it would bo beneath the dignity of the chief magistrate of a great people to make direct allusion to thosemputhing royalists , but mark how the critic lashes the hirelings . In speaking of the principles by which the manufac . tvtvos and eomnievcepf a country should be governed , Ml " . Tyler says-Commerce and manufactures , which had suffered in common with every other interest , have once more revived > and the whole country exhibits an aspect of prosperity and happiness . ' Trade and barter , no longer governed by a wild and speculative jmania , Vest upon a solid and subs tantial footing .
No doubt Mv . Tyleu had England m view when he penned the following- admirable strictures upon the duties of Government . He says—The cardinal objects which should over bo held in view by those entrusted with the administration of public affairs , are rigidly , and without favour or affection , so to interpret the national will , expressed in the laws , as that injustice should be done to ' none—justice to aU . This has been the rule upon which they have acted ; and thus , it is believed ,
that few cases , if any , exist , wherein our fellow-cihzens > who , from time , to time , have been drawn to the seat of government i for the settlement of their transactions with tlie government , have gone away dissatisfied . Where tho testimony has been perfected , and was esteemed satisfact ory , their claims have been promptly audited ; and this in the absence of all favouritism or partiality . The go . vernment which is not just to its own people ca % neither claim their affection nor the respect of the world .
Mr . TiLEBsays , "the Government which is not just to its ownpeop le , can neither claim their affection , nor therespectof the zvorld . " How true and how applicable to our rulers is the above biting sarcasm ! And who can entertain a doubt that it was intended as a retort to the slavish English press , that preaches up the freedom of the people and daily lends its columns to tho destruction of their every right ? And may it not be justly consluded , that the want of this fostering care , and the disregard of popular rights , has led to that fraternisation of kings and princes , by which tyrants hope-to hold free thought in trammels , and to subjugate the rising genius of liberty by the sword and the cannon .
Again , what a full-length picture of our system and its consequences the President pourtrays in the following trite and undeniable paragraph . He says—The dangers to be guarded against are greatly augmented by too large a surplus of revenue . 'When that surplus greatly exceeds in amount what shaU be required by a wise and prudent forecast to meet unforeseen contingencies , the legislature itself may come to bo seized with a disposition to indulge in extravagant appropriations to ob j ec t s , many of which may—and , most probabl y , wouldbe found to conflict with the constitution . A fancied ex . pediency is elevated above constitutional authority : and
a reckless and wasteful extravagance but too certainly follows . The important power of taxation , which , when exercised in its most restricted form , is a burden on labour and production , is resorted to , under various pretexts , for purposes having no affinity to the motives which dictated its grant ; and the extravagance of government stimulates individual extravagance , until the spirit of a wild and in . regulated speculation involves one and all in its unfortunate results . In view of such fatal consequences , it may be laid down as an axiom , founded in moral and p olitical truth , that no greater taxes should be imposed than are necessary for an economical administration of the government ; and that whatever exists beyond should be reduced or modified .
Those who have read our recent article upon Sir Robert Peel ' s Surplus , will have seen the striking similarity of thought that exists between ourselves and Mr . President Tixbb upon this subject , while the concluding portion of the paragraph assigns good and sufficient . causes for the debasement of the English character , the immorality and debauchery of tho aristocracy , the cupidity and avarice of the mid die classes , and the consequent poverty and degradation of the poor , because
unenfranchised , people .. Upon the whole we find much to congratulate the English people , who so nobly persevere in the struggle for their political rights , in the clear and comprehensive Message of the first magistrate of America . Tho manner in which the value of the Suffrage is laid down as the means of ensuring national prosperity , local happiness , and foreign respect and esteem , must convey to tho mind of the most apathetic , the value to bo attached to the inestimable blessings of self-representation .
We long to receive the " little go" of her Britannic Majesty upon the opening of the approaching Session ; and however war-ships , the cannon and the sword , her assurances ofthe amicable disposition of foreign princes towards her crown and person , and her tender solicitude about her subjects to be taxed , may tickle the ears and dazzle the eyes of hereditary legislators ,, and the nominees of landed proprietors and capitalists , yet will the national demand for
selfrepresentation break through all the tinselled and fascinating barriers that oppose it , and enable us ere long , under a Chartist Parliament , to demand from the Executive the developemcnt of thoso measures , for the support of which the people are to be taxed , in the enactment of which tlic ' ^ whole people shall have an equal share , and from the administration of which the blessings upon which Mr . Tiler congratulates his countrymen , may be conferred upon our own .
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Mb. Aiexawnee Campbell, Dundee.—We Have ...
Mb . AiEXAwnEE Campbell , Dundee . —We have received a letter from Mr . Campbell , containing a copy of a letter addressed by him to Mr . Clark , of the Executive , rather deprecatory of the Interference of the English Chartists with the question of the Repeal of the Union ; and according to Mr . Campbell ' s desire , we should certainl y have published his let t er , had not recent circumstances determined us to take no further notice of the subject until we discovered some such change in the conduct of the leaders , as would inspire us with confidence in then sincerity , and a belief that the agitation was designed to serve some better purpose than the feeding of a set of poor idle gentlemen upon tho gullibility of their enthusiastic aud confiding dupe ' s . Wo arc willing to fttoue for the error into which we fell last summer in confiding in the extravagant declarations of Mr . O'Connell , while we think we stand justified in the plea that
we thought it impossible that so much heartless and cold-blooded treachery could be practised by any mortal towards the bravo Irish people ; however , if they prefer juggle and amusement to nationality and freedom , we have no right to complain . While , at the same time , we should have been guilty of gross dereliction of duty ] had wc omitted to record our deep censure of the Government prosecution of O'Connell and others ; and Mr . Campbell himself must have sufficient judgment to understand that nothing would have so much pleased Mr . O'Connell as the indifference of the English peop le upon a subject involving great constitutional principles an omission of which Mr . O'Connell would have made a famous handle for the perpetration of hostilities between the people of both countries . We trust , then our promise not to be again juggled ourselves , will furnish apology sufficient to satisfy our correspondent
If Josuua Stowell , tailor , who lived at Ashton-under-Lyne in 1842 , and went from thence to Carlisle , & c , and who is supposed at present to be in the neighbourhood of Newcastle-upon-Tyne , would communicate with James lleaton , Pawnbroker , Clithcroe , he would hear of something to his advantage . '
Mb. Aiexawnee Campbell, Dundee.—We Have ...
Thomas Coo pes , BBADF 0 RP , -Mr . George White collected on Christmas Day Gs . lid . from the mechanics , 2 s . 6 d . from Mr . George Bishop , and various other sums at Mr W . Gouldsborough ' s ; J . Alderson ' s , Hope and Anchor ; and other p laces , for Mr . Cooper , now confined in Stafford Gaol . He despatched 13 s . fid . to him on Dec 26 th , and will forward the list to the Northern S tar when complete . Further subscriptions received by G . White , S . Alderson , and W . Qouldsborough . Mr John Clabk , district secretary of the Durham and Northumberland Mines , desires us to say that he has received 5 s ., collected at the Ship , Steelhouse-lane , Birmingham . Mb BlacKSHAw . —It is impossible for us to post any other paper than the Star . Some postman changes it . Let Ford write to the General Post Office if it occurs Henby ' collinson , late of Hull . —The letter of December 3 rd does not contain the address . Send it , and
you will have an answer . Db , M'Douall and the Glasgow Chartists . —On Thursday morning we received several letters upon tho subject of a conversation referred to in the address of the Executive of last week between Dr . M'Douall and one of the Glasgow Chartists . Our correspondents are aware that communications from individuals should bo sent to the office at the latest on AYednesday . Wo should willingly give insertion to flic correspondence referred to this week , was it in our power to do so . For the present , however , wc must content ourselves with an abstract of the points contained in each , allowing them to speak for themselves fully next week , when we shall publish them at leng th . Dr . M'Douall thinks the right course would have been to have
transmitted the private letter written to Mr . Clark to him tor reply . He denies the accuracy of tho information given to the Executive . He states that all attempts to fraternise England and Scotland having failed , that he looks to the fraternisation of all nations as the best mode of securing Chartist principles . ' We beg to keep the essential reason assigned by tlie Executive for the publication of the document in question clearly in view —namely , the desire to make it so public , as that Dr . M'Douall should have the . opportunity of explaining , not to an individual , but to the public . A course which , in our judgment , is pre-eminently calculated to guide all parties to right conclusions . Mr . Smith , the secretary ofthe Glasgow Chartists , has also written upon the subject ; his letter shall appear in our next . not intended for
Mr . Smith states that his letter , being publication , might have been written unguardedly , but that the essential facts of the correspondence are correct . He also states , that on the 16 th of December , he wrote another , letter to Mr . Clark , mentioning circumstances which partly altered tlie opinions contained in his first . We have also received a letter from Glasgow , bearing the signatures ef Duncan Sherrington , Robert Burrell , and James Livingstone , all of whom state that they were present at the conversation , when Mr ; Kidd defended a national organization , and upon a full expla . nation , the difference of opinion between the Doctor and the others was not very material . They state that Mr . Smith is a man of superior character , and that there is not one in Glasgow who exerted himself more to further and assist the mission of Dr . M'Douall . We have also a letter from Thomas Whilton , chairman of
the Dundee Association , in which he states that the Doctor ' s lectures at Dundee had done much good , and regrets the publication of Smith ' s letter . All these letters shall appear in our next , and with them the matter , as far as the Star is concerned , shall terminate . This course we consider the wisest , while , if the Executive had withheld tlie communication , even from a private source , perhaps we might have been dragged into a long controversy between parties amongst whom there appears to exist but a trifling difference of opinion . Communications Withheld . —Owing to press of matter we are compelled to withhold the following communications tin next week : —Mr . O'Connor ' s letter on Mr . Buncombe ' s intended motion in the House of Commons for the Repeal ofthe Eatcpaying clauses in the Reform Bill ; Mr . Clark's letter to the Chartists of Scotland ; the Address of tho North Lancashire Delegates ; and tho Address to the Journeymen Tailors .
Geoboe Bdbt , Glasgow . —With every wish to publish the favours of our friend , we must decline inserting his present communication . It contains too much of blood and murder , and is too like the preceding year ' s " retros p ect , " to be suitable . Try again . The Way to Cobe the Messbs . Chambebs . —A correspondent writes as follows : —Would it not be strict justice to the Messrs . Chambers to try to convince them that there is some virtue in Labour Unions , by some party or person undertaking to supply the masses with literary food from another source than the Edinburgh manufactory ? Some 20 , 000 or 30 , 000 journals sold less weekly , would , you may depend on it , sir , do much towards restoring the Messrs . Chambers to their senses . Hoping this will meet with tlie attention of my " Order , " I beg to subscribe myself , one who used to take in " Chambers . "
Wm . Stubmngs , Tonbbidge Wells . —Inadmissible . Captain Fbancisco Maboabit . —In the Star of the 7 th of December appeared a paragraph , setting forth that Captain Magarit was about to proceed to Spain , and soliciting assistance from the lovers of freedom for that gentleman . The paragraph was In several particulars incorrect . Captain Margarit had intended to return to his own country , but unfavourable circumstances prevented the fulfilment of his intentions . He has not left Eng land , nor does ho intend doing so while Eng-Ushmen wm afford liim a refuge against the deadly persecution of the tyrants who at present trample upon Spain . Captain Margarit takes this opportunity of
returning his heartfelt thanks to his London friends for their sympathetic aid , and gratefully acknowledges the following donations subscribed by them : —Received from Mr . Wheeler , 7 s . 6 d . ; Somers Town Chartists , 2 s . Gd . ; collected at the Northern Star Soiree , £ 1 7 s . ; from other London Chartists ( locality not remembered ) , per Mr . Wheeler , 7 s . All letters for Captain Margarit to be addressed to the care of Mr . Julian Harney , 17 , GreatWindmill-street . Haymarket , London . Wm . Paine , Stbatfobd-on-Avon . —Mr Julian Harney knows nothing of the letter ha speaks of . The account of Crowley ' s arrest has already appeared in the Star .
Livebfool . —Mr . Paine , news agent , of Stratford-on-Avon , Warwickshire , writes us that two Chartist friends of his , emigrating to Indianna , U . S ., were shipped on hoard the A ' shburton at Liverpool , which port they . left on the 21 st of October last . Not having heard from his friends , and doubtful of their safety , he wishes to know from any Liverpool friend , who will take the trouble to inquire whether tho Ashburton reached her . destination safely , with all her passengers safe also . The names of tho emigrants were Brandiss and Bissoll .
Example wobtht op Imitation . — Joseph Morgan , Deptford , writes ' to ns that the three localities , Deptford , Greenwich , and Lcwisham , have commenced tho good work of " getting on to the land . " Our corresp ondent sa y s , " Although we are not so fluent in speech as some men are yet we have brains enough to understand that wo have been accumulating wealth for others , and that if we can do that , we can also create wealth for ourselves . " In answer to those who object to buy the land , and who contend that the people must get the Charter before they think about getting on to
the land , Mr . Morgan replies— " They mi ght as well tell us that we ought not to buy food and clothing , because both areheavily taxed , and that we had better wait for the Charter , when we shall get them free of taxation . " Mr . Morgan adds , that it is not poverty that makes him a Chartist , and such a resolute stickler for the land ; for his wages are £ 1 14 s . weekl y , and he has a vote for the Borough . May his example be followed , and may there be many such as he by tho next election , is our wish . Z . P . —No .
Shocking Death or Mb . Lomax , the Minebs * Lectubeb , and another Mineb We have received the following painful communication , to tho latter part of which , affecting the relatives of poor Lomax , we beg to request tho special attention ofthe officers of tho Miners ' Association ; hoping ,, at the same time , that the Miners win do their duty to the widow and children of poor Valentine . Hadcliffe , Decembeb 31 . —The two persons whom you noticed in your last as being severely burnt by an explosion of fire-damp , in Mr . Grund y ' s Colliery , ard
both dead . Peter Valentine died on the 28 th ult , He has left a wife and eight children to mourn his loss . John Lomax died this day ; he has left an aged widowed mother , and some young brothers , of whom he was the chief support . He was a strong advocate of teetotalism , an honest Chartist , aud a sincere champion of the Miners' rights . I understand that there are a few pounds due to him of his salary as Colliers' lecturer , in Stafford , shire . If the same could be paid it would be thankfully received b y his disconsolate and doubl y-widowcd mother . —Richabd Hameb , Thomas-street , Radcliffe-bridge , near Manchester .
Monies Received By Mr. O'Connor. Foe Exe...
MONIES RECEIVED BY MR . O'CONNOR . FOE EXECUTIVE . From a few female friends , Dundee .. . o % % From the Chartists of Pciizancc , per J . P . O'Brien 0 10 0 From G . C , Sheffield , per Mr . West .. .. o 1 0 n j . „ , DUNCOMBE TEBTIMONlAt . From a fewChartist friends at Stokesley , per William Hcbdon T . .. 0 10 0
RECEIPTS PER GENERAL SECRETARY . SUBSCRIPTIONS . Stratford ( six weeks ) l ' 6 Camberwell .. i % Alva ( three months in Lonirton " r . a advance ) . 9 g „ . „ . , CARDS . Alva y 3 ° CoIsi , au 8 bton 30 t 1 n-i - ^ DONATIONS . John Gideon , Barnard John "Wrathall 10 Ca , a ° 10 Todmorden 90 AU localities who are indebted for cards or subscriptions are requested immediatel y to transmit the same " as the Treasurer has a heavy bill for printing , which must be immcdutely discharged . It is also requested that the loca-Uties furnish themselves with the Registration and Account Book ( price four shillings ) , ordered by die late Convention , as the Executive have experienced a heavy outlay m procuring them to be printed . ' THOMAS M . WHEELER .
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Extensive Bank Robbery In Paris.— Narrow...
Extensive Bank Robbery in Paris . — Narrow Escape op an Innocent Man . —The cashier of one of the public companies in Paris has just been arrested on a charge of robbing his employers of 30 , 000 f . The case is rather a remarkable one , as showing the narrow escape of an innocent man . The desk ofthe cashier had been broken open , and the above sum , out of 50 , OOOf . that it contained , was abstracted . The cashier made his declaration to the police , and the porter of the establishment , having a key of the room , was suspected . He was arrested , his lodging was searched , and in it was found a clu ' scl corresponding exactly with the marks on the desk where it had been forced . The poor fellow , however , nrotested his innocence energetically , and entreated
the police to visit the lodging ot the cashier before they committed him to prison . Although no suspicion was entertained of the cashier , this was done , but nothing was found to criminate him . Subsequently the police , having ascertained that his mode of living was beyond his means , he was interrogated , and then confessed that he had stolen the money , and had adopted the means resorted to in the act in order to cause it to be believed that tho robbery had been effected bv some other person . He stated that he had taken the money to Maisons Lafitte , and there buried it , but on going to the spot with the police no money was found . The prisoner persisted in asserting that he had luiried it there , and said he must have been seen doing so by some person , who had since
removed it . Extensive and Destructive Fire in Dumfries . —On the morning of Wednesday last , 25 th of Decern , her , the extensive premises occupied by Messrs . Beck and Son , coaclibuiltlers here , with their dwelling house , were entirely consumed by fire . It may be stated that the premises front English-street , in which the dwelling-house was situated , and run back a considerable way towards New Market-street ; they consisted of workshops , storehouses , where varnish , turpentine , paints , and other inflammable materials were kept , and several large raoms , both . on the ground floor and in the upper stories , filled with carriages and gigs of various descriptions , both newandold . When the alarm was given , and an en .
trance was effected to the premises , it was found that the fire was raging in a part of the building on the west side , near New Market-street , lately ^ occupied by Mr . Greig as a riding-school . The engines were soon on the spot , and a supply of water procured in carts , while numbers of persons soon collected , able and anxious to assist in putting down the fire . It was accordingly proposed to cut off the part of the building on fire from the other premises , if possible , and thus prevent ifc spreading faither ; but before any measures could be taken to effect this desirable object , it was discovered that the centre part of the buildings , in whicli various combustible materials
were kept , was also on fire ; and soon afterwards the fire was seen proceeding from the garrets of the dwelling-house . The destructive element , proceeding from so many different points , spread with such rapidity , that it soon became evident that the Messrs . Beck ' s premises could not be saved ; and the attention of those present was directed towards the preservation of the adjoining houses , as well as to the stock and furniture in the burning buildings . In both of these objects the efforts made were successful , for although one small house adjoining was actually on fire , the flames were got under without much damage , while nearly the whole ofthe Messrs . Beck ' s furniture and a number of vehicles on the around
floors were saved . There are strong reasons for believing that the fire was not accidental , but wilfully produced . It broke out in several different places at or about the same time ; and a wood shed on the cast side of the premises , which was not burnt down , contained strong evidence that the hand of an incendiary had been there at work . Among the buildings consumed is tho largo show-room , in which Mr . O'Connor lectured the last time he was in Dumfries , when Parson Mackenzie , the Non-Intrusionist , so shamefully withheld the key of tho Assembly Rooms , Assembly-street , after they had been engaged by the Cltartlst committee , and in defiance of his own manager , who had let theplacc for the occasion . Execution of Mart Gallop , tee Parricide . —
Chester , Saturday . —The anxiety of all classes to ascertain the fate of this woman was , until a late hour last night , great in the extreme ; for though , in the estimation of those capable of judging in such a matter , the petitions forwarded from this city for a mitigation of punishment were calculated to enforce the necessity of carrying the utmost rigour of the law into effect , rather than call for the exercise of that mercy to which they professed to appeal , yet it was considered that , under all the circumstances of the case , a respite , at least , might have been expected . The document miscalled a " confession" ofthe miserable girl had no claim to that character ; it was , as Mr . Rowe , a Dissenting minister , who assisted in " getting it up , " has admitted , composed from a
scries of " leading" questions , to which the culprit merely rep lied b y the monosyllables "Yes" and "No , " while the questions themselves were inserted as her spontaneous avowals . Such serious matters should be superintended by better qualified persons than those whose zeal prompted interference on this occasion But though suspense in the humane hope that capital punishment would not be inflicted thus prevailed , the authorities at the Castlo were relieved of all doubt on the subject by a communication received from Sir J . Graham on Thursday last , stating , that after due investigation of all the points urged in favour of the prisoner , together with the evidence adduced at the trial , it was deemed inconsistent with the duty of Government to arrest the course of Law
in this ease , and the necessary preparations for execution were accordingly made . " The shock produced by the appalling intelligence was at the moment distressingly great , hut she soon rallied , and resumed the same calmness ; almost amounting to indifference and reservedness of manner for which she had previousl y been so remarkabl y distinguished . As , in accordance with custom , the prisoner had to bo removed to the city gaol , on the walls of which the dismal apparatus of death was erected , a short time after midnight Mr . Hill , the superintendent of police , proceeded to the Castle and produced an order for the delivery of the prisoner into his custod y , and the fetched girl scon appeared , kindly supported by Mrs . Bennion , the matronto whom she clung
, as it dreading the moment of separation . The matron , having placed a thick veil over tho head and shoulders of her unfortunate charge , resigned her to . those who were to form her escort , and she was lilted into a small chaise cart . Mr . Rowe , the Dissenting minister , took his seat on her left-hand , at her especial request , and police-sergeant Doherty sat on her right ; and thus , with a number of policemen on each side , Mr . Haswell , the governor of the city gaol and Mr . Hill , walking behind , she proceeded slowly onward through the silent streets . On arriving before the city gaol the gibbet suddenly met her view , and all her fortitude seemed to forsake her . It was with difficulty that she was saved from falling forward , and when the cart stopped she was so utterly
helplegg that Mr . Hill took her in lus aims and carried her up stairs . She was taken to a room , in which the matron and the wife of the governor awaited her , and immediately paid her the kindest attentions . At about half-past eleven o ' clock this morning the prisoner was led between her two female attendants to the chapel , where prayers were offered up , after which the sacrament was administered by the Rev Mr . Eaton , the chaplain of the gaol ; during the whole of which the unhappy prisoner seemed overwhelmed by the sense of her dreadful situation . She was soon afterwards re-conducted to the apartment she had left , where a short time was again devoted to prayer . But the awful moment was then
last approaching ; the executioner entered and p inioned her arms as she sate , and , finding her quite incapable ot standing , she was earned in a chair and placed under the fatal beam . The cord was quickly adjusted ; her spiritual teachers uttered their parting words of consolation ; the executioner asked and obtained her pardon ; shook her hand with all the kindness ho could assume , and left her alone upon the scaffold . The next instant the bolt was drawn , and then the awful plunge—the mortal struggle ( winch , in consequence ofthe little fall afforded bv her sitting posture , was of frightful durationV ^ -the equally appalling stillness that succeeded , when tho convulsion of the countenance and the quivering o the limb announced that suffering was at an en- ' and all was over . .
CoNFBMtOH OF A MuRDERER . —During tllC ' days JV dliam Kcndrcw , the murderer of Inchbald , of Low Dunsforth , near Borou under the instruction of the Rev . Thorns the chaplain at the Castle , lias exhibit * - degree ot penitence than might have hoc alter the indifference he has manifest * . '' conviction . Last week he caused a 1 < written to his friends , in which he stated \ innocent ofthe crime , but on Thursday las . a verbal confession to Mr . Sutton , of which . lowing is the purport : —Ho stated that a fortih , before the murder , Mi * . Inchbald had threatened to nave mm transported for poaching before the expiration of three monthsin conaemience of which lie 11 \
, , . —_ _ -- » J »•» VVUWMUUUVV JS , VT **» ' - ' .-j \ f ° r ? 0 0 tt tLc 28 tu of September , lay in wait for Mr . Inchbald , and having arrived at the place described at the trial fired and hit him in tlie back . Mr . Inchbald then turned round , when Kendrevf discharged the second barrel , and wounded him . in the left arm . Not being satisfied with this , he went up to the unfortunate man whilst he was lving on tho ground , and struck him with the butt end of the gun . Mr , Inchbald then , although so seriously wounded , got up and followed Kendrew , who immediately wont into the fields and saw no more of the deceased . The culprit asserted that he had no intention of robbing Mr . Inchbald , but that he had committed the deed entirely out of revenge for the threat which he had used towards him . —York Herald .
Settle . —The Anti-Tobacco Society . —The abovenamed society held their first anniversary on Christmas-day , when the whole of the members sat down to an excellent dinner provided for the occasion . At the close ofthe dinner the meeting was addressed by several speakers , after which several new members were enrolled .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 4, 1845, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_04011845/page/4/