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^ S ' Tllfe NORTHERN STAR. Januaby 13, 1...
JAMES THROUSHOUr THE GLOBE.
Unexpected Interview with her Majesty* . —Among the many visitors to the late cattle-
show in London was a Norfolk farmer, who...
How seldom do we feel, perceive, or thin...
THE RATIONAL MODE OF PERMANENTLY AND PEA...
THE SANITARY QUESTION AS CONNECTED WITH ...
The Court of Assises of the Ieere tried ...
SMITHFIELD AND ITS ENVIRONS. The followi...
THE TEN HOURS ACT. Makchbstbh, Monday.—T...
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^ S ' Tllfe Northern Star. Januaby 13, 1...
^ S ' Tllfe NORTHERN STAR . Januaby 13 , 1849 .
James Throushour The Globe.
JAMES THROUSHOUr THE GLOBE .
HOLLOW AI'S PILLS . A CASE OP DROPSY . Extract ef * Letter from Mr William Gardner , of Hanging Haaghton , Northamptonshire , dated September 14 th , 184 T . To Professor Holleway . Sib , —I before informed yen that » y wife had been tapped three times for the dropsy , but by the blessing of € k > d upon joar pills , and her perseverance in taking them , the Yrater has new been kept off eighteen months by their sneans , which is a great mercy , ( Sigaed ) William Gaxbmeb . DISORDER OF THB LITER AND KIDNETS . Extract of a Letter from J . K . Hejdon , dated 78 , King-Btreet , Sydney , ITerr South Wales , ths 30 th September lSt 7 . SoPr-oEeasor HaJloway . So , —I have th » pleasare to inform you that , Stuart A . Boaald « om , Esq ^ aa emiaeat merchant and arrieultura-Hst , and also amagiitrate of this town , called on me on the 18 th imstamt , and purchased your medicines to tne mount of Foitmee * Podk » s to bs ferwaried to ms aheeo stations in Hew E . gland . He «^ . ^* ° " s ? f MsdVarsesrshadeometo Sydney some time pnmousiy fcr medical aid . bis disorder bsin m affection « fUie EfriTandKidaeys - that he had p laced the man for SreeaonthsBnderthecare of one of the best surgeons , without any good rwultinir from the treatment ; Fenian then ^ a despair used jour p Uls a « d otetoient , and mueh to hi « own and Mr Donaldson ' s astonishment , was comtfetelT reitoredtohis health by their means . How , this sWlshw cure was effected in about ten days . - " ( Signed ) J . R . Heidon , ' A DISORDER OP THE CHEST . Extract of a Letter from Mr WilliaEi Browne , of 21 , Sosth Mais-street , Bandon , Ireland , dated ilarch tad , 1847 . To Frofesssr HolUwray . Sis , —A young lady who was suffering from a disorder # f tie ehest , with her lungs so exceedingly delicate that lie had the greatest dificulty or breathing if she took a Bttle cold , which was generally accompanied by nearly total ' oss of appetite , together with such general debility of botly as to oblige her to rest herself when going up but oae & ghtef stairs ; the cammenced taking your pills about six months since , and I am ha ] py to inform you the ^ - have restered her to perfect heal th . " ( Signed ) "Wilmah Bbowsx . A CURE O ? ASTHMA AND SHORTNESS Ql BREATH . Extract af a Letter from the Rev . David Williams , Resident Wesleyan Minister , at Beaumaris , Island of Anglosea , Korth Wales , January 14 th , 18 tS . to Prefessor HoUoway . Sik , —The pills which I requested you to scad me were or a poor man of tbo aame of Hugh Davis , Who before he taok th * m , was almost anabls to walk for the want ef breath ! and had only takes them a few days when he appeared q uite another man ; his breath is new easy and aafcual , and he is increasing daily and strong . ( Signed ) Bavib Williams . IHE Earl of Aldboroueh cured of a Liver and Stomach Cemplaiat . Srtrastofaletter from the Earl of Aldborough , dated « ai Tilla Messina , Leghorn , 2 lst February , 1845 : — To Professor Holloway . Sra , —Various circumetances prevented the possibility jo ? thinking yon before this tinss for yanr politenes " . n-3 ing me year pills as you did . I bow take this opportunity of sending you an erder for the amount , and at tiif-same time , to add that your pills hare effected a core of a disorder in my liver and stomach , which all the most eminent of the faculty at home , and all over the continent , bad not been abl « to effect ; nay 1 not even the waters of Carlsbad and Marienbad . Iwish to have another buz and a pot of the ointment , in case any of my family should ever requke either . Tour most obliged and obedient servant , Signed ) Aldboeodsb . Thete celebrated Fills are wonderfully efficacious in the following cemplaints . — BilirmsComplsints Female Irregu- Scrofala . erKings Agr . laiities Evil Asthma Fits Sore Throats Blotches on Skin Gout Secondary Syrap-Be « = I Complaints Headccha toms Golks Indigestioa Tic Donlorecz Constipation of Inflammation Tumours t > . & Bowels Jaundice Ulcers Consumption Lirsr Complaints Tenereal AfTec Debility Lumbago tions Dropsy Piles Worms , all kinds Dysentery Rhematism Weakness , from Erysipelas Reteationof Urine whatever cause levers of allkinds Stone aud Gravel & c , &« . Sold at th * establishment of Professor Holloway , 244 , Strand , near Temple Bar , London , and by all respectable Drupgists and Dealers in Medicines throughout the ciri-Bxed world , at the followingprices : —Is . lid-, Ss . 9 d ., is . C & , i is ,, 22 a ,, and ??? . each bos . There is a considerable ¦ aavlag by taSing the larger sixes . N . B . —Directions far the guidance of patients in every disorder are affixed to each Box .
THE BEST APERIENT AND ANTIBILIOTJ 8 Medicine for General Use is PramptOU ' s Pill of Health , which effectually relieves the stomach and bowels fcy gentle relaxation , without griping : or prostration of strength . They remove head-ache , sickness , dizziness , pains in tbe chest , < tc , are highly grateful to the stomach , promote digestion , create appetite , relieve languor and depression of spirits ; while to those of a full habit and free livers , who are continually suffering from drowsiness , heaviness , and singing in the head and ears , they offer advantages that will not fail to bs appreciated . This medicine has for many years received the approval ef the most respectable classes of society ; and in confirmation of its efficacy , the following letter has been kindly forwarded to Mr Prout , with permission to publish it , and if requisite , to refer any respectable person to its author : — « To Mr Prout , 229 , Strand , London . Heavitwe , Exeter , April 24 . 1844 . Sir , —I feel pleasure in being able to bear my strong and unsolicited testimony to the excellence of your Frampton ' a Pill ot Health , ' which I consider a most safe , efficacious , and very superior , general medicine . The widow of an ofDc > r , an elderly lady , and near relative of mine , has used them—very rarely having recourse to other medicine for a long period of years . She has recommended them extensively , and in one instance , in irhich she induced a person to adopt them , and supplied the first box herself , tbey have proved of extraordinary efficacy . I think that , perhaps , there is scarcely any other of the many patent medicines before the public of equal value as a ' friend in need ; ' certainly none possessed of superior claims . I shall be happy on all occasions t % give them my individual recommendation ; and « m Sir , * Your obedien . servant , «* * * . > Sold by T . Prout , 229 , Strand , London , Price Is ljd and Ss 9 d per box . Also by Heaton Land , Hay , Haigh , Balnes and NewBome , Smeiton , Reiubardt , Homer , Baahwortfa , Etavelly , and Brown , Leads ; Brooke , Diwsbury ; Bolion and Co ., Walker and Co-, Hartley and Danhill , Doncaster ; Judaea Rlpnn ; Foggitt , Coatee , and Thompson , Think ; Ifiley , Easinrwold ; Spivey , Huddcrsfield ; Ward , Richmond ; Swestieg , JEaaresborou ^ h ; Haraon and Wilson , Darlington ; Dixon , Metcalfe , and Langdale , Northallerton ; Shofies , Snaith ; Spinks and Pannett , Tadcaster ; Eogerson , Hicks , Sharp , and Slick , Bradford ; Arnall and Co ., Walnwright , Brice , and P .-iestley , Ponttfract ; Cordwell and Smith , Wakefield ; Suiter , Lsyland , Hartley , Denies , Dyer , end L ? fthouse , Halifax ; Booth ,-Bocbdsle ; Lambert , Bjrongbbridge ; Daley and Swales , Wetherby ; Waite , Ha ? rowgate ; Wall , Barnsley , A " . kinacn , Brighonsa ; aud all respectable Medicine Tenders throughout the United Kiogiotn . Ask for FHAMPTOS'S PILL OP HEALTH , and ob-Berve the name and address of « Thomas Prout , 229 , Strand , London , ' on the Government Stamp .
UNDER ROYAL PATRONAGE , PERFECT FREEDOM FROM COUGH , la Ten Minutes after use , and a rapid Cure of Asthma and Consumption , and sll Disorders » f the Breath and Lunge , is insured by DR LOCOCK'S PULMONIC WAFERS . The truly wonderful powers of this remedy have called forth testimonials from all ranks of society , in all quarters of the world . The following hare bsea just received : — ANOTHER CURE OP SEVES YEARS' ASTHMA , I ' rom Mr Edwin Squire , Corn Market , Loughborough , March 19 , 1815 . Gentlemen , —A lady ( whose name and address is below ) called at my ' . shop yesterday , and made the followng statement respecting the beneficial effects produced by jour popular medicine . She has been severely afflicted with asthma fo . * seven years until about three months ago , when baring receVred a letter from afriend in Louth , recommending Dr Loeock ' f Wafers , she purchased a box , ad although she had not been able t « lie down for Swerve or fourteen weeks , the first dose enabled ber to do so , and take a comfortable night ' s sleep , and She is ^ factually rared by five boxes . The l _ dy added , that alnce her wonderful restoration to health , ehe has walked a distance of eight niles in one day , without being particularly fatigued . Aad whenever she takes ooli she hss recourse to a doss of tha Wafers , which afiord her instant and never-failing relief . I can prove the genuineness of this case , and furnish the same and address of the lady , which is Mrs Martha Raven , St Laurence , near Yentnor , Isle of Wight , —Edwih Sqoi 3 E ' AKOTHBR CUBE OP COUGH AND HOARSENESSt To Mr P . Roberts , Racelagh-itreet . Sir , —It is with much pleasure I bear testimony to the extraordinary powers of Locock ' s Puhaonic Wafers . I had been troubled with a cough and hoarseness for nearly two years , without relief , when I was induced to try Locock ' s Wafers , tho effect of which was soon visible for oae large box ( 2 s . 8 d . ) his quite cured me . I have ainse recommended them to several of my friends and they have also experienced the greatest relief from them —Jons WK . UAus . —Parliament . street , Liverpool , Jan . i " ' CURES OF PULMONARY COKSUMPTIOff . Gentleses , —I can speak of your wafers myself , with the greatest confidence , having recommended them in raany oases of Pulmonary Consumption , and they have alwaysafiordea relief when everything else has failed , S 1 ? j i . ??^ " ? * havin S been 'ttrfeited with medicine ! are delighted tomeet with so efficient a remedv hivin g uch aa agrwablo taste , & c :- ( sisLd ) Jvo Ma 3 J ^ eon , ™ . Motley-street , X **\&& V . & * £ JZ ' . IMPORTANT TO ALL WHO SIK 9 . Trent S . Pearsall , Esq .. Her Majesty ' s Concerts and Ticar Choral of Lichfield Cathedro ? eeRUemen , —Alaayof distinetion haviair noin » Pd « nt toms the qualities of Dr Locock ' s WafersifJ ^ l 7- j i tomakealrlalofabox , and from iSa trial iffi to give my testimonial in their favour . Ifind bv alhS a few of the wafers ( taken ia the course of Se dS t ! gradually dissolve in themouth , my voice become ThriU ? Md clear , and tonefull and distinct . Thev ~ cS the most efficacious of any I hare ™ S ™? Pbassatx , Lichfield , July 10 , 18 i 5 . ™ w .-S . ¦ Mw ^ Dr Locock ' s Wafers give iastsnt relief , and are a ranld o ? fL ^ "S ™? , coasn ™ Ptt ° a , celda , aad ah disorders Qf tbe breath aad Ihom . 4 c . - » v ™ Brs
To singers and public speakers they are Invaluable , as in two hours they remove all hoarseness and Increase the power and flexibility of the volet . - They have a most pleasant taste . " . Price la lid ; 2 s 3 d ; and lis per boa ; sent by post for is 3 d , 3 i , or lis 6 d , by Da Suva A Co ., 1 . Bride-lane , Fleet-street , London . . *»* Sold by all Medicine Venders . Bxwabs or Ihitatioks . — Unpriaelpled persons ( Chemists and others ) prepare Counterfeits of taat popular remedy . Da Lococr ' s Fclmomic Wawbs . Purchasers are therefore cautioned not to purchase any « Pulmonic * Medicine or 'Wafers ' unless the words 'Da Locoes s Waiksb' appear in White Letters on a Red Grouaa , on the Government Stamp outside sach Box ; without which all are counterfeits and an imposition .
TWEHTY-FIFTH EDITION . Iiottra ted by Twenty-six Anatomical Engravings on Steel . On Phythal DUquaUJisaiioat , CemraHio Incapacity , and impediment * *? Marriage . new and improved edition , enlarged to 194 pages , price Is , 64 . ; by post , direct from the Establishment , Ss . 6 a . ia postage stamps . THE SILENT FRIEND ; medical work on the exhaustion and physical decay of she system , produced by excessive wdulgence , the consequences of infection , or the abuse of mercury , with observations on the married state and the disqualifications which prevent it ; illustrated by tweaty-six coloured engravings , and by the detail of tases . ByR . andL . PERRY aad Co ., 19 , Berners-street , Oxford-street , London . Published by the authors , and sold by Strange , Si , Paternoster-row ; Hanney 63 , and Sanger , 150 , Oxfordstreet ; Starie , 23 , Tichborne-itreet , Haymartet ; and Serdon , 146 , Leadenhall-street , London ; J . and B , Ratines , and Co ., Leithwalk , Edinburgh ; D . Campbell , Argyll-street , Glasgow ; J . Priestly , Lord-street , and T . Newton , Church-street , Liverpool ; R . H . Ingram , Market-place , Manchester . Part the First s dedicated te the consideration of the Anatomy and Physiology of the organs which are directly er indirectly engaged in the process of reproduction . It is illustrated by six coloured engravings . Part the Second Treats of tha Infirmities and decay of the system , pro * duced by over indulgence « f the passioas and by the practice of solitary gratification . It shows clearly the manner in which the baneful consequences of this indulgence operate on the economy in the impairment and destruction of tho social and vital powers . The existence ol aervous and sexual debility and incapacity , with their accompanying train of symptoms and disorders , are traced by the chaia of connecting results to their causa . This selection concludes with an explicit detail of the means by which these effects may be remedied , and full and ample directions foi their use . It is illustrated by three coloured engravings , which folly display the effects of physical desay , Part St Third Contains an accurate description ot the diseases caused by infection , and by the abuse of mercury ; primary and secondary symptems , eruptions of the skin , sore throat , Inflammation of the eyes , disease of the bones , gonorrhoea , gleet , stricure , & c , are shown to depend on this , 'ause . Their treatment is fully described in this section . The effects of neglect , either in the recognition of disease or in the treatment , are shown to be the prevalence of the t rus in the system , which sooner or later will show itself ia one of the forms already mentioned , and entail disease i i its nost frightful shape , not only on the individual oimself , bnt also on the offspring . Advic * for the treatcaejt of all these distasts and their consequences is ten . terod in this section , which , If duly followed up , cannot ail In effecting a cure . This part is illustrated by seven , teeu coloured engravings . Part the Fourth Treats of the Prevention ofDjj- ~« ae V . * simple application , by which the danger of iafc * ' on . ; obviated . Its action is simple , but sure . It acts r . ' th tbe virus chemically , and destroys its power on the s ; item . This important part of the Werk should bs read by every Young Man entering into life . Part the Fifth Is devoted to the consideration of the Duties and Obligations of the Married 8 tatc , 'and of the causes which lead to the happiness or misery of those who have entered into the bonds of matrimony . Disquietudes and jars between married couples are traced to depend , la the ma of Instances , on causes resulting rom physical imperfectfono and errors , aad the means for their removal of shown to bs within reach , aud ffectual . Tht operation of certain disqualifications is t : ily examined , and inftlicitous and unproductive unions shown to be tbe usees sary consequence . The causes and remedies for this state ferm aa important consideration in this section of the work . THE CORDIAL BALI ! OF SYRIACUM expressly employed to renovate the impaired powers of life , when exhausted by the influence exerted by solitary indulgence on the system . Its action is purely balsamic ! rta power in reinvigorating the frame in all cases of ner . ous and sexual debility , obstinate gleets , mpotency , barrenness , and debilities arising from venereal excesses , has been demonstrated by its unvarying success in thon . lands of cases . To those persons who are prevented eneriag the married state by the consequences of early rrors , it is -nvaluable . Price Us . per bottle , or feur uantities in one for 33 s .
THB CONCENTRATED DETERSIVE ESSENCE An anti-syphilitic remedy , for purifying the SJStemfrom venereal centanunatlon , and is recommended for any ol the varied forms of second ary symptems , such as eruption ! on the skin , blotches on tbe head and face , enlargement of the throat , toasiis , and uvula ; threatened destruction of the nose , palat e , & c . Its action is purely detersive , and its beneficials . influence on the system is undeniable . Price lis . and 83 s per bottle . Tho 51 . case ef Syrlaciro . or Concentrated Detersive Essence can only be had at 19 , Berners-street , Oxfordstreet , London ; whereby there is a saving of 1 / . lit , and the patient Is entitled to receive advice without a fee , which advantage is applicable only to those who remit 51 , or a packet . Consultation fee , if by letter , U , —Patients are requested to b s as minuts as possible in tho description of their cases . Attendance dally , at 19 , Beracrs-street , Oxford-street Lob & hi , from eleven to two , and from live to eight ; on Sundays fromeleven to one . Sold by Sutton and Co ., 10 , Bow Church Yard ; W . Ed wards , 67 , St Paul ' s Church Yard ; Barclay and Sens ' Farringilon-strcet ; Butiler and Harding , 4 , Cheapside ' S . Johuson , 63 , Cornhll ; L . Hill , New Cross ; W . B . feaea , Kingston ; W . J . Tanner , Egham ; S . Smith , Windsor ; J . B . Shillcock , Bromley ; T , Riches , Londonitreet , Greenwich ; Thos . Partes , Woolwich ; Ede and Co ., Dorking ; and : John Thurley , Hlgb-street , Romford if whom may be had the 'SILENT FRIEND .
Unexpected Interview With Her Majesty* . —Among The Many Visitors To The Late Cattle-
Unexpected Interview with her Majesty * . —Among the many visitors to the late cattle-
Show In London Was A Norfolk Farmer, Who...
show in London was a Norfolk farmer , who on his return home said , after I bad been to the show , and carefully examined the different animals , and given ray meed of praise to their breeders and their feeders , I thought I would devote a spare hour to another exhibition in the same neighbourhood—Madame Tussaud ' s celebrated waxwork . Accordingly I presented myself at the door , and paid my money . On entering I was surprised to find myself the only spectator . Undisturbed for some time , I wandered about , looking with astonishment at the waxen effigies , habited in their gorgeons apparel . In a few minutes some ladies and children arrived , and standing near to one of the former , I observed , ' What ugly , grim-looking people some of those kings and
queens were . " The lady smiled and answered ' I perfectly agree with you ; 4 hey are . ' My attention was soon arrested by hearing one of the party , pointing to a figure , mention Lord Nelson , when proud of having been bom in the aarae county with the illustrious sailoi , I could not help exclaiming . Ah , he was from my neighbourhood ; ' upon which one of the ladies advancing , said to me , ' Then you are from Norfolk ; pray can you tell me anything about poor Mrs Jermy , in whose melancholy fate 1 so deeply sympathise ? Have you any information different from what has appeared in the public papers . " To which I replied , 'No , madam ; for I have been some days from home . ' Scarcely bad this conversation ended , when Madame Tussaud entered , and seeing me there asked me how I got in , and if I did not know she had forbidden the
entrance of any one . I replied , ' I did not , but having paid my money had walked in as a matter of course . ' Judge of my surprise when she informed me I bad had the honour of speaking to none other than the Queen . Melancholy Shipwreck . —We regret to say that letters have been received here with the melancholy intelligence that a large barque , said to belong to Dundee , has been driven ashore on the west coast of Sutherland , and that the entir £ crew , with the solitary exception of the captain , have been drowned . The survivor is said to have swum for a considerable distance with his son upon his back but was obliged to leave him to perish , and after ' wards clung to a reef for fifteen hours , almost in a state of nudity . When found , he was almost dead . —John o"Groafs Journal
The Englishman , of Nov . 13 , gives an account of the loss of tie ship Helen , of Bombay , Capt . Biale , which ,- while on her way down the river , was totally lost at Oulpee on the 12 th . The ship took a shear , which caused her to turn round with her head down the river on a spring ebb tide , with forty-five fathoms of chain out ; from this the vessel damaged her forefoot severely . The commander of the steamer Itattler did his utmost to save the crew . The following are the lives supposed to be lost : —Two female servants , the captain ' s wife , Mrs Biale , and two Lascars , The Helen is under 700 tens measurement ; she went away drawing nearly twenty-two feet water , and had on board a cargo of nearly double her tonnage . The Rattler went alongside , to endeavour to take her again in tow , but she rolled so much that the attempt was given up .
Calefouniax Expsdition . —A Calefornian expedition has left Greenock , a number of ' navvies ' accompanying it , armed with a due supply of spades andsmelting-pots .
How Seldom Do We Feel, Perceive, Or Thin...
How seldom do we feel , perceive , or think of the small oegmnings of disease which surround and operate upoa ujm our enjoyments and intercourse with the world ; ot « £ yoa £ tli 8 eil 8 B ' which must subdue at length , wows with our growth , and strengthens with our . 8 "ength . ' ™ nsX « n ^ i ff , ? aactin S P ° a particular kind of S \ ni ? , a ' late . hou s bottt of "Mas to "stand first iVw . ? 1 To aU aucn we w ° uld recommend assl-tant rfr tW "" ' * secondly , a . a powerful lffifwpSw ~ % t , carer ' health , and efficaciou , Dr ^» rP ^ h » nn ^ r ptou ' ' i KI 1 of Health , which has EJ ^^ approbat ion of persons In ever ; station in
The Rational Mode Of Permanently And Pea...
THE RATIONAL MODE OF PERMANENTLY AND PEACEABLY ADJUSTING THE PRESENT DISORDERED STATE OF EUROPE . Law 19 . — "Tbat under institutions formed in accordance with the principles of the rational system of society , this superior knowledge and these superior dispositions ma y be given to the whole of the human race without chance of failure except in case of organic disease . "
REASONS for this law . The institutions of society contribute essentially to form the characters of those placed under their influence . It is important therefore that they should be all devised to have a consistent and beneficial influence upon young and old ;—devised to give them superior knowledge and to create superior dispositions , not for a class , or sect or party only , but for all in every country . And when based on true principles , that is , on principles in accordance with the laws of nature , they may be devised to have these beneficial influences only , and thus to ensure a continual progress in knowledge , goodness and happiness in all not afflicted with organic disease . While under the new
circumstances , created under ire rational system , the chance of any being afflicted with organic disease would continually diminish and would rapidly decline through every succeeding generation , until all such defects will cease , and under the overwhelming influence of continued superior circumstances , die their natural death . And while this change shall be in progress , and until this happy period shall arrive , those afflicted with physical , mental or moral disease will be comfortably provided for , and well cared for , so far as their peculiar case will admit , to ensure them the happiness that can be given under tbeir disease . The happiness of all , as far as practicable , being the foundation of all rational reli gion .
L \ w 20 .- — " That in consequence of this superior knowledge , and these superior dispositions , the contemplation of nature will create in every mind feelings too high , sublime , and pure to be expressed in forms or words , for that Incomprehensible Power which acts in and through all nature , everlastingly composing , decomposing and recomposing the elements of the universe , producing the endless variety of life , mind , and of organised form . "
REASONS FOR THIS LAW . Man , during the irrational state in which alone he has hitherto existed , has imagined every kind of crude , absurd , inconsistent and contradictory notion respecting tbe Cause of Creation and its continuance in ever changing progression . And yet upon this subject he is no further advanced in knowledge than were his early savage ancestors . He has also devised endless forms and ceremonies tbe most childish , uncouth , and fantastic , by which the votaries of each profess to intend to glorif y , honour and please that Cause of which they have not the slightest knowledge , and to which , by any thing they can do , by all their utmost
efforts of body and mind , they cannot effect a particle of good . And for man to imagine that a being like him , an insect upon a planet , itself less than a grain of sand compared with the universe , could glorify the origin of nature by any of his insect proceedings , is the most irrational and absurd of all irrational concep . tions . But in this senseless course has man , even until now , wasted his faculties and substance on fancies entirely imaginary , and thus has he been made , by the priesthood of the world , an insane mental coward , afraid to look at or investigate facts of the last importance for him to fully understand , because essential to his own permanent happiness and to that of his race .
By a rational education from birth , superior knowledge , and superior dispositions will be ensured to everyone , and these will create in all , when they contemplate nature , feelings too high and too pure to be expressed in forms or words , for that Incomprehensible Power which acts in and through all nature;—a power which , to our conception , is everlastingly composing new forms of existence :
decomposing them , and recomposing others to supply their places . And thus the elements of the universe , by internal laws of attraction and repulsion eternally unite and , separate , creating new forms , which exist for a longer or shorter period , and then returning to their original state are re-formed into new compounds , the object of which changes are yet beyond human knowledge .
These elements of nature , so far as facts have been discovered , appear to be the eternal elements of the Universe , out of which by their own internal unchanging laws all things are made to exist , and their varied combinations produce the endless changes of life , mind , and of organised form , What future facts may disclose respecting these , "to us , wondrous powers of nature , no man can foresee or foretell ; but the excited and agitated state of the civilised world indicate the probability that tbe human race is about to enter the confines of
rationality , and terminate the irrational state in which it has hitherto existed . Law 21 . — ' That the practice or worship of the rational religion will therefore consist in promoting , to the utmost extent of our power , the well-being and happiness of every man , woman , and child , without regard to class , sex , party , country , or colour ; and in those inexpressible feelings of admiration and delight which will arise in all , when made to become intelligent , rational , and happy , by being surrounded from birth by superior circumstances only . "
REASONS FOR THIS LAW . Men have been hitherto so trained from their birth , in falsehood , mysteries , and all manner of irrational conceptions , whims , and fancies , which they have called religion , that , at first , they will have difficulty in understanding what true or rational religion is . They do not know yet that religion is to do good ; and that to do the greatest amount of good to the human race , regardless of all petty and local distinctions created by ignorant and prejudiced men , is the very essence of all that is valuable in the only religion that can be true . All else called religion in any part of the world is rank insanity , and proves only , the extent to which fundamental errors ] can ; irrationalise the human faculties .
How g lorious will be that period when nons of these insane doctrines of mystery shall be forced into the young mind under the name of religion , and when the new human existence shall be gradually filled from birth with a knowledge of facts only , self-evident deductions from those facts , apd with ideas all in harmony with each other and with all nature ! That period is approaching , and , from all the signs | of the times , its commencement is near . Falsehood can no longer stand the test of plain , simple , straightforward truth ; the power of brute force , aided by fraud , isgradually
diminishing , and moral force is gradually superseding it , and when moral power shall be based solely on truth , well-designed and consistent in all its parts , then will moral power govern the world , and truth will be for ever triumphant . Then will the insane divisions , now so injurious to all , of every class , sect , sex , party , country , and colour , cease to exist ; man will have charity for man over the world , and there will arise one evident interest between all , that will induce then ? to become , as they are in reality , one family , and to have one language and one feeling that will ardently desire the excellence and happiness of all .
The immediate object of the rational religion is to create this feeling , and its ultimate result to secure the permanent happiness of the human race . But it is now known , with the certainty of a law of nature , that this glorious change can be effected by no other means than by a new Creation and combination of superior circumstance ? , to educate and govern man , and to enable him m the best manner to create and distribute wealth abundantly , for all and for ever ,
The Rational Mode Of Permanently And Pea...
Of this new combination , which may he made most simple and easy of execution by experienced practical men , all parties appear to be without knowledge , and for the moment arising from their ignorant prejudices , unwilling to give the attention requisite to enable them to understand their highest permanent good . Yet , as if themselves they can think only as
they have been taught , and of themselves can do no good thing , ' they cannot be blamed . But thotie who have been so favoured by some new combination of circumstances not of their own creation , as to have discovered these all-important truths , and the standard by which to ascertain truth from falsehood , are called upon to discover and make known the means by which mankind shall be induced to abandon
falsehood , and to adhere to , and love truth for its own sake , and be enabled to perceive the incalculable difference to all , when surrounded by vicious , injurious , inferior circumstances , and those only which are superior from the birth to the death of each , and through the whole business of the life of every one . Finally , the rational religion will enable and induce man to create those circumstances only which will produce GOOD to all , while the spurious and false religions of the world , hitherto , have trained all to be imbecile in mind , and to create those circumstances only which produce EVIL to all . This is the change now coming upon the world—man has . hitherto existed under
irrational and evil circumstances ; he is about to emerge into those only which are rational and good . Robert Owen ,
The Sanitary Question As Connected With ...
THE SANITARY QUESTION AS CONNECTED WITH EPIDEMIC CHOLERA . A highly interesting and useful address on the sanitary question , especially as it is connected with epidemic cholera , was delivered a few days ago by Mr Grainger to a crowded audience in the lecturo-hall of St Thomas ' s Hospital , Mr Grainger commenced his address by observing that tbe sanitary question was one of tbe most important that could possibly attract the attention of those who were devoted to the cultivation of medical science . It must be apparent to all who had watched the progress of late inquiries , Jthat the great questions which concerned the welfare of the human family aa to health and life wore to be sought far in the
way of prevention rather than of cure ; and the experience of the past justified him in averting that this was one of the great missiona of medical science , inasmuch as it was found that the ravages of tbe diseases which bad afflicted mankind had not been oared —had not been stayed by cure , but by prevention It waa quite certain , from watching the progress of human civilisation in tbe western parts ef the world , that the great diseases which destroyed mankind had been stopped by civilisation , not by medical science ; that was to say , in an enlarged expression of the term , diseases tbe moat destructive had been met by civilisation rather than by medical scans . In illustration of this , it was only necessary to mention the plague , which was formerly the chief pestilence of
our own , as of other countries . Tbe plagne was as virulent and destructive , and difficult of management , at the present day , as it was when described by Sydenham . How was it , then , that this country was exempt from it now ? The credit for this exemption could not be claimed by medicine or by medical science ; and it must , he thoughti he confessed that that destructive disease had been arrested by tbe general progress of enlightenment in tbe western nation ? , by the better construction ef cities ; by more cleanly habits , not only amongst the poor , but the rich ; and , in tact , by the appliance of all those means which we comprehend in the term ' sanitary measures . ' He ould take , as an illustration of the benefit of sanitary inquiries , some of the
circumstances which were connected with fever , was fever a contagious disease , dependent , therefore , on human beings meeting together in the intercourse of human society ? Was it a disease generated in the human body and capable of feeing propagated through the ordinary intercourse of life , or did it depend upon some external circumstances operating on men , but independent of them ? This question of disease being either contagions , or dependent upon external circumstances , lay at the very botton of all sanitary improvements , because it was certain from all experience , that if destructive diseases were contagious and propagated through human bodies , they could never be eradicated ; for they could not put a stop to human intercourse . The attempt had been made
again and again , and had invariably failed . Quarantines , cordons sanitairet , every possible method of that nature for preventing or interrupting human intercourse and tbe spread of disease , had constantly been met with disappointment . The consequence was . that although thesa measures were occasionally applied at the present day , they had been abandoned almost by common consent , by every government in this part of the world . If it could be proved that fevers and cholera wero not contagious , and that they depended upon external circumstances , there was a more hopeful field open ; that was to say , if it could be determined what were the cause and circumstances which were necessary to the introduction or the propagation of these diseases—if they could be recognised
—if they were external , then they might be controlled . Whether fever was or was not a contagious disease , one thing wan granted by all medical men , that it particularly thrived and flourished in certain districts and localities ; and without at this moment going into the ultimate question whether fever was or was not contagious , it was an important thing for all great communities of men to know tbat they had in their own hands the means of staying the progress of fever , whatever might be its cause . It was invariably found with reference to fever—more particularly the continued fever of this country and the typhoid types of fever—that it prevailed moat in those districts which combined the greatest amount of badly constructed houses , bad
drainage , over crowding and filth ; and that precisely in proportion as these causes were removed the curse of fever was checked and diminished . It bad been found , without an exception , that wherever unitary measures were introduced , typhus fever , continued fever , and scarlet fever diminished . In proportion as a district was drained and cleansed would typhus feyer and continued fever diminish . The ratio had been well calculated . So soon as any part of a town , court , or even a house in a town , was cleansed the ftver would begin to diminish . Thus they held a power over disea = e by the application of sanitary measures . The opinions of writers , and particularly of physicians , upon tho subject were ruled greatly by what they had learned when students ! in the great
medical hospitals where they had been educated . They had bees accustomed to see typhus fever in the hospitals , and had witnessed nurses , students , and physicians attacked by it . Bat it should be recollected that those nurses , students , and physicians had been immersed , as it were , in the disease , in the very atmosphere which was the cause of typhus fever , and exposed to the pestilential exhalations of the discharges of typhus patients , which were known to bs very offensive . But supposing the fever patients hadnotbsen placed in those hospitals—supposing they had been carried to an isolated spot , a hill district , for instance , and assistance given to them there , then they would bs able to see whether the physicians , students , and ndrses in attendance npon
them in a pare atmosphere would bo actually affected by contagion . That experiment had , however , yet to be performed . _ He had consulted a vast number of eminent physicians in England , and he had been unable to find one who believed in infection or contagion in typhus fever . His own conviction was that there was no proof whatever of continued or typhus fever being , in any circumstances , contagious . Typhus fever , scarlatina , and cholera were not produced by two causes , for they never saw in nature the same specific result produced by two different causes . Seeing , then , that in proportion at sanitary measures were carried out in towns , streets , and houses , fever diminished , so he believed , if sanitary measures were universally introduced and completed ,
we should hear little of such a thing as typhus fever . In consequence of the filth and over crowding of human beings into habitations which were unfit for the residence of man , in the moat unhealthy districts of England , it appeared , that of 100 . 000 persons born 50 . 000 would die under the age of five years . Those districts were Liverpool and Manchester * Naw , this question of disease did not touch that of food . It was certain that the inhabitants of Manchester and Liverpool . taking them by thousands , consumed a larger portion of animal food , and were better warmed than the people living in the country . It was not a question of food , then . It was something especially relating to the aggregations of men . ( It was not poverty . And the same thing would be apparent in regard to cholera . Tarn to one of the healthiest
counties in England , Surrey ; and when they saw that of 100 , 600 persona bora in that county , only 20 , 000 would die at the age of fire * was there not great cause for inquiry presented in this fact ! Whereas one half or more of those who were born in the pestilential centres of our manufactures perished under the age of fire , and only one-fifth died in an agriouliural district ; was it not enough to stir up all the mental powers that could influence and direct human society ? The tables from which he had cited this told some very terrible things . It had been found , for instance , with reference to Liverpool , that the average at which the gentry died was forty-three years , or it waa four or fire years ago ; and that among the mechanics and operatives the average age at which they died was fifteen , sixteen , or seyenteen years ; the operative lost , therefore , twenty-eight years of human existence , Was that a state ot things .
The Sanitary Question As Connected With ...
that could be satisfactory in an enlightened commanity , and in a Christian land ? Then it was to be observed that in those very districts where the greatest amount ef mortality prevailed , tbe human race had most increased-a thing that was most unexpected . It had been proved by the very mathematics of civilised society , statistics , that where the average age at death was low , the increase of population was great , a result which could not have been foreseen but by facts tbat were not to be controverted . In those districts where , in consequence of habits of recklessness and indifference to all that constitutes
the greatness of human nature , and the apa ' . hy engendered by sickness , suffering , and want , it was found that human life was so much curtailed as to individuals , it increased as to the species . If , therefore , they would diminish the amount of mortality they would diminish that increase of population which to some persons oresented so fearful an aspect in tho history Of our times , bnt Which need not present that aspect if men would rightly understand the appliances un . der their control , because they knew that the land of
this country might be made capable of producing a quadruple or quintuple the amount of food necessary for its present inhabitants , and that by the application of science . He would proceed in the next place to make a few observations with reference to the disease which at present showed itself fearfully in some parts of the country , lightly as it nmbt be supposed m others , but significantly in alh There bad come forth from the east a disease which seemed at first to obey no recognised or known laws , capricious to appearance in its visitations , presenting exceptions which could not then be explained , and yet , when viewed , not in its exceptional points , but upon the basis of facts and statistics , came directly within known laws of diseases-nay , obeyed especially the
laws of that disease with which we were so-well ac oaaiBted-namely , fever . It followed the same habitat attacked the same classes , and affected the isme ' age . Out of 23 . 000 persons attacked by cholera in St Peteraburgh , 17 , 000 were between the ages of eighteen and forty . That he mentioned upon the authority of his esteemed friend Dr Southwood Smith , and it showed that the disease affected the most valuable members of society , and that , to use thewotdsof that admirable philanthropist , ' of all taxes thataff'ct the country , the heaviest is the fever tax . ' This disease did , however obey certain definite laws , and one of the most important facts with reference to it had been determined by tho
Metropolitan Sanitary Commissioners—namely , that the seat of fever was the seat of cholera . Ic obeyed many of the known laws of epidemics , though there were exceptional oases ; and the rational course for every medical man to pursue , waa first of all to ascertain what was the great indication of its multitudinous attacks , and then take the exceptional esses , one by one , and examine them by themselves . It un opinion were of value , he might mention that one of the best writers on the subject , Dr Rhomberg , professor of clinical medicine , had stated to bim ( Mr fg-ainger ) that tha cholera obeyed the laws of epidemic , and not of contagious diseases . The town of Frankforton-the-Maine bad had a remarkable
exemption from cholera , though it might besaid to have been completely encircled by it , and in constant intercourse with the cholera districts . So with the kingdom of Hanover ; the only place there which had been visited by cholera was the town of Lunenburg ; and it had been attacked in 1832 , in 1834 , in 1837 , and now again in 1848 . Lunenburg was situ ated on the railway—it bad a station , and was in constant intercourse with the country around ; yet this place was seised especially , and the disease bad not extended beyond it ! This indicated an epidemic disease , epidemic in that place ; but nothing like contagion . Again , one aide of a street had been visited by cholera , whilst tho other side was ex erupted . And at Giuokstadt , on tho Elbe , it had
been known to visit the same room at successive periods , whilst all the other houses in the neighbourhood escaped . In almost every locality visited by the cholera—though there were exceptions , but a multitude of cases led to the same conclusion—there were stagnant and pestilential ditches in the neigh bourhood . It was entirely a question of locality , and the districts it ravaged were foul , illcleansed , exhaling pestilential vapours into the air , noxious to the smell and disgusting to the sight , and overcrowded with human beings They had probably been startled by the returns of cholera cases at Glasgow . But why was Glasgow thus specially attacked ? First of all , clearly on
account of the habits of the people ; for he believed there was more dram-drinking practised in that town than , perhaps , in any other town in Europe . Further it had an enormously overcrowded and miserable population . For several years past there had been brought into the wretched parts of Glasgow , already surcharged with inhabitants , about 10 , 000 unfortunate Irish , and that without an additional house or reom having been built for their reception . These were facts which should ring from one end of the land to the other ; these were facts which ought to be preached from every pulpit ; so that the condition of the poor might be everywhere made known ; for what elso could happen but moral degradation , religious desecration , and physical suffering , in the midst
of such a community as this ? It had been found that the rich could not escape the penalty , that a great nnrnber of the highest ranks in Glasgow had fallen victims to the disease ; that the bast squares in the city had been visited by it , and Glasgow was now like' the City of the Plague . ' It was a striking fact , as showing the beneficial results of sanitary improvements , that the great fire at Hamburgh destroyed the mest unhealthy part of the town—that in which cholera and fever had previously made the greatest ravages ; but the new buildings had been constructed on saaitary principles , and tbe result was that the epidemic of 1818 had scarcely made any advances in the newly-built portion of the city . In fact
ninetenths o ! the cholera had been eradicated from that part of Hamburgh . Mr Grainger then described what are most generally the premonitory symptoms of Gbo'eia . enumerating among these , diavrcm . great anxiety , restless sleep , incubus , and nneasy sensations about the legs indicating cramp . When » community was about to be attacked , it was invariably found that there was a great outbreak and an immense disturbance in the alimentary canals , an ¦ neasiness and rumbling of tbe bowels , sometimes disrrlei , and sometimes costiveness . When a whole population was seized with diarrbau , it was certainly dependant upon ; the same causes as cholera , and it must bo considered pathologically as cholera . There
was no doubt that the whole of Europe waa at this moment under Vberofinence of the cause of cholera , whatever that might be . The premonitory symptoms he had mentioned were the curable stage of the disease ; bat there was no cure for it when it got to its complete state—that of collapse . The best results which bad been attained by the German pathologists , particularly those of Berlin , was tbat the first attack or influence in cholera was upon the blood ; that the first impression was aerial , acting upon the blood , and thus the blood became poisoned . Professor Simon had stated that there was a great want of bile ; but he ( Mr Grainger ) had in his pos .
session a gall-bladder which was quite distended with gall , so that that could not be the case . He most earnestly hoped , then , that the attention of the pathologists would be directed to the great question of prevention rather than of cure , and particularly to the enlightment of the public mind upon the subject ; for it must be confessed that there was at pre . sent a lamentable amount of ignorance prevailing amongst all classes respecting it . At this moment it was a fixed belief of the Irish in Scotland that the medical men of Glasgow were banded together to get rid of them by poison . They even refused to go into the hospitals , because they said they were to be taken there to be poisoned . And now , when the
munificent hand of charity was extended to them , and sixty medical men had been appointed , at large salaries , to search out the disease and treat it on tbe spot , these benighted beings complained' because we would not go into the hospital to be poisoned , they have sent these medical men to poison us in our own houses . ' There were great duties which it was in . cumbent upon the rich that they should perform , as they would answer for it at the judgment day ; and the time had now arrived when they must not shrink
from those duties , remembering that their wealth was entreated to them as stewards of God ' s mercy , And he congratulated all who were | interested in the great question of sanitary reform , that upwards of ninety towns in England had spontaneously requested that the provisions of the general act for improving the sanitary condition of the country should bs applied to them-a circumstance which , of itself he conceived to ba rich with future promise . ( Mr Grainger then concluded his lecture amidst unani mous applause . ) "
The Court Of Assises Of The Ieere Tried ...
The Court of Assises of the Ieere tried a few days ago a man named Rougemeat , livbg at ColombS H ™ l 7 i ateT f . a 8 been seen of tho woman , nor ft n TJ ? a h i * avin S aotua"y been murdered been discovered . But the prisoner could or would not give any account at alias to what had become ot her , and all the statements he did make were proved to be false . The jury accordingly declared mm guilty , with extenuating circumstances , and the Court condemned himto 20 years' hard labour at the hulks .-Pflrw Paper .
Smithfield And Its Environs. The Followi...
SMITHFIELD AND ITS ENVIRONS . The following interesting document has been placed in our hands , written by one of the inhabitants of Greenhill ' s Rents , near Smithfield ; and as it throwg some light upon the state of the slaughterhouses in the neighbourhood of Smithfield , and their awfully filthy condition , it shall be given vtrbatim el literatim : — ' to thc astmtusn cowmssioitSBS or tbx noisn or
HCALTB , < , the respectful Inhabitants of Greenhill ' s Bents , Smithfield Bars , have taken the liberty of applying to YOU , and humbly beg for yosr Kind Ataistanoe in Oar behalf—Of which is in respect of the dreadful NuiiantC Of the * ilutcking Stench that Arises from the Slaughter Houses and Sheds where they keep A great quantity of Cattle of All Descriptions . Those Sheds and Premise * are held by Mr Parle , of the Bam Inn , SmllUfield , And tbey are situated at the Back part of tbe Ram Inn Yard , Of which is wlthla A Very Short distance from Our Houses . Gentlemen . On the level uith our Kitchens is where they keep a Quantity of Bulled : } . And level teith tfte Parlours they keep a Quantity of Pigs A Calves , And Level with our First floor they keep a ^ usnMty of
Sheep . And tbe Distance of these Sheds to the Back of Seme of Oar Hemes the ; are within < Si * Incites Of eaeh other—and Underneath all of these sheds there is s Urge Cavity , of which they Slaughter a Quantity of Pigd , Both on Sundays as well As Other Days , And what with the Foundation of Our Houses being De « cayed By the Bits burrowing between , And the Dreadful Stench tbat arises from Those Sheds and Slaughter housee , Together from tbe Noise from tho Cattle , We Cannot keep oar Apartments let long Together , For Oar Lodgers Complain and tell ns that tbey cannot Sleep for the Noise Of the Beasts . And likewise tha
Shocking Stench that Arises from those sheds and Premises , the Djctor Says It is Enough to Cause a Fever . Gentlemen , In the nezt place , there is at the Bnok part of the Third House from the Corner of Greenhill ' s Bents , A Yery lar « e Slaughter house , where they Kill a great quantity Of Bullocks , And the Qaantity of Blood and Filth That they Wash down the Drain it runs into tbe Water Clotsts belonging to the Inhabitants of tha Adjoining Houses of GreenbiU's Routs , And causes such a dreadful Stench that we are Obligated to Hava our Street Doors And Windows Open before we can get any , ' Ac , < fco . ' This paper has fourteen signatures attached to it .
' Well may the poor complain , and gladly avail theMselves of an opportunity of making their sorrows known . 'This artless , but faithful picture of the harrow we would fain see banished from our city , tells , with pain * fal truth , what a more classic compensation would fail adeqaately to describe . The bullocks on a level with and within fix inches of the kitchens ; the parlours ln « Tisted by the calves and pigs ; and the bad-rooms isu vadeiby theep , and all this piled upon a filthy under * ground pig elaughterhonse . No wonder the poor lodgers should refuse to live in suoh a pest-house , or tbat tha filth and stench should be deemed by tbe medical men as likely te produce fever . *—( From Join Bull's Pom * phlet on the Borrors of SmithjWd . )
The Ten Hours Act. Makchbstbh, Monday.—T...
THE TEN HOURS ACT . Makchbstbh , Monday . —The recent adverse decision o ! the magistrates of this district , in reference to the working of relays , and the general adoption of tbat system by the masters , has caused the factory hands of this city to take measures to protect tha Factory Acts . On Saturday night a meeting of upwards of seventy delegates frem tbe several milla was held at the Woodman ' s Hut Tavern , Great Ancoats . Mr Charles Hindley , M . P . for Ashton , at « tended the meeting . The chair was occupied by Mr Dalt , an operative , who briefly stated the objects of the meeting , and then called upon Mr Hindley to address the delegates . MrCnABLEs Hihdlet , M . P ., thenoame forward ,
and observed that it waa exceedingly desirable that they should have a distinct notion of what they wera about . The history of the Factory Act , was known to them all . They should not disguise from themsslvee tbat tbey had a strong oonrictian tbat tha passing of the Ten Hours Act would have tbe effect of preventing the unwilling toil of a great many mala adults . At the same time he was not prepared to expect it would have been possible to secure such an amount of adult male labour as to vf ark more than tea hours per day . Bah what was the result ? They had a great many adult males employed fourteen hours and fifteen hours per day . ( Hear , heart ) Against this the act afforded no protection : and he
candidly admitted tbat , if either Lord Ashley , Mc Fielding , or himself were to go to the Hcusa of Com * moss , and ask it to pass an act to protect adult males in factories , he would be laughed at . He should be told it was an invasion of the right ef an Englishman tu prevent a man from working as long as he pleased * Under the prosperous circumstances in which trade waa likely to be , this practice would very probably extend to a greater degree than at present . ( Hear , hear . ) He told them , with pain and anxiety , he was afraid , as far as a few masters were concerned , if the factory hands did not take steps for their own protection , that the act , instead of being an advantage would entail more labour upon them than ever the ?
had before . ( Hear , hear . ) For if those decisions which had recently taken place in the magisterial courts allowing the relays of females and y oung persons were to be considered a true interpretation of the law , the adult males would have to work tha whole time of the relays . ( Hear , hear . ) Therefore , if it was allowed to begin with adult females and young persons at half-past five o ' clock in the morning , the adult males must be there , and when the * closed at half-past eight in tho evening with the second relay , the adult males should be there also-, perhaps , even until nine o ' clock—for they did not suppose that it was tbe intention of the masters to employ relays of adult males . ( Hear , hoar . ) Tbia was not at allneeesiary for their purp oses : bnt what
they intended waa to get the adult males to work the whole of the time , and to make their labour effective by joining it to the relay system . ( Hesr . l The question now divided itself into two parts the first was , tho observance of the law itself , which waa in many instances most flagrantly violated : and secondly , the question was , whether the adult males should not take a position for themselves , and ascertain whether by common consent they could not form a umon which should determine that the adult malea of Manchester and ita vicinity would not work mora thantett bourse , day . ( Applause . ) He ( MrHindtt wu thftt . ' ^ § reat mai ° y of the masters ; though they might be anxious to make tha most of their not
capital , were unwilling to work ten hours a day , provided that they knew that their competitors > n business were compelled to do the same-. ( hear bear ) -but let him put it to them , as Englishmen , whether it was right to force one master to work ten hours a day , and to leave another master to work fifteen hours a day ! ( Cries of « No , no . ' ) If mm master was not upon the same footing withWhw . it w »» impossible for him to maintain his wound ( Hear , hear . ) Of the two masters which iidthey wish to see maintain his ground-the humane master , willing to work ten hours a day , or the master who , trampling on all the rights and feelbgs of humanity , was dstermmed to screw out of flesh and blood the last ? Cries
penny ( of 'The ten hVr » master . ' ) He ( Mr Hindley ) wanted themtoanpS those masters to « y to the world that whatever wS done for one should be done for all . ( Hen h « s Why not be just to Mr A . as well as to Mr B » -and if Mr B was to work fifteen hours , then every other master in Manchester should work fifteen hows also ( Hear , hew . ) Let them say this under the direction * of men with authority and influence , and they woSd not say it in vain . ( Hear , hear . ) As far as he ( M ? Hindley ) could ascertain there was a universal K £ mginfavouroftheTen Hourssystem . ( Hear . hS He wished to have the assurance of those who were present that the operatives ef Manchester and ita vicinity were in favour ot ten hours a day .
Mr Johkbok then read the aubjoined resolution agreed to at ft meeting of delegates from the vSna mills in Manchester and Salford :- That we « 2 operative cotton apinners of Manchester , Salford . and their viomihes , in general meeting aMsmbled drt hereby d « k « ow approval of the prinoiDlea of ' fSJ Ten Hours Act , and eur unalterabineKiMtSr W i 3 SK ^ b *& TK-16 ^ that feeling ehould UmtJWaR ^ SZ were convinced tbat the great mass of the « Ll 2 pS / S ^^ tSS £ e ! S rtrsrem ^
^^ t iSS ^* " * tne 1 ^ of settle S „ . I u Rftltered tne J *« e compelled to maintain „ n ^ 0 m , OVerwo & "ndered unablfto . np ^ S 2 * torodw fc ( Hear . ) At present hi did St SEJ 2 ^ *»«*!• the y should petition P « K o ?? ht « . S S ! J ' tehadnottheslightert £ ? £ **} the interpretation given to the aetby 3 s two recent decisions was erroneous . < Hear , hear ) - Several delegates addressed the meeting , assuring Mr Hindley that all the hands in the mills in which they worked were in favour of ten hours a day The SacREiiBY to the Short Time Committee expressed the pleasure which he felt at ageing the fan tory workers of Manchester assume their nresenfc petition , and evince their determination to hold what X & r ? AJ" * * " ™ ™ »*«»* i £
At the suggestion of the Skcrktabt , * resolnfom was passed , seserting the desirability of forminff an asssooiation of factory workers for the protection ef the Ten Hours Act . A resolution was also pawed , authorising the committee for the protection oftha Ten Hours Act to call a public meeting of the factor ! workera of Manchester , Salford , and ^ their v SS for the purpose of forming such an association « £ alluded to in the former resolution , OhiSSi- ^ S 0 f th 5 ? ta l 0 Mr HindleT and | h « Uairraan , tho proceeding . ! terminated
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 13, 1849, page 2, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_13011849/page/2/