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ll ice t hat medical let out the ' Janua...
1 EDUCATION UPON INCLUSIVE TERMS, -i A LaJv conducting a first-class sehool near
TEE MINERS' UNION. TO THE MINERS OF THE ...
SiNGtLAB Dkcovbht.-A table knife was fou...
PORTRAIT OF W. S. O'BRIEN. On Saturday, ...
THE NOKTHERN STAE, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18,1819.
IRELAND. Under no circumstances should w...
THE FINANCIAL REFORM MEETING IN MANCHEST...
THE VICTIMS. We direct the attention of ...
MAGISTRATES' LAW. As first-class misdeme...
UJBJlMirsAL versus rAUtrun . There is no...
• mw '
EXECUTIVE NOTICE. Fellow Countrymen,—It ...
JOHN O'CONNELL'S NEW lEAE'S GIFT . Cheer...
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Ll Ice T Hat Medical Let Out The ' Janua...
' January 13 , 1840 . 4 THE NORTHERN STAR . -- ¦ _ !
1 Education Upon Inclusive Terms, -I A Lajv Conducting A First-Class Sehool Near
1 EDUCATION UPON INCLUSIVE TERMS , -i A LaJv conducting a first-class sehool near
London , has now one or two , i ne sji ' . em pursued in this Establishment is calculate ! t » ensure a solid , ( B ^' . U ; . an ftcceraplisact education , as many 5 ears ' experience . en > i a carefal examination of the most improve" metDCflg ofisstruction , have enabled the Principal t » select and combine in her plan of education these advantages wMch ara best calcalated to secure to her pupils the highest degree of Intellectual , moral , aad reUgious impreTcmtmt The sum of fifty guineas a jen will include instruction by profsssori in tbe followmg accent . plistunents : —The pianoforte , French , drawing in various atyles , dancing ; , writing , & c , and the use of the globes , togefeer-Ritb books , lauadress , fcc . Preach andCerman goreri . 'tssftE reside in the house , and mnusual advantages tire available for the acquirement of . these laa-<» magcs , -whicn are constantly spoken by the p » pils . The family arrangements are conducted upon the most < bersd scale , inc ' . udlng wina and porter , when necessary Setters with real name and address aloie . win be attended to . Oirsct to C . A ., Mr Evans's , Old Town , Clap . Tulsb , Surrey .
Oa the Third Saturday in 1849 ( January S 3 * W , will be published , No . 1 of niHE PLAIN SPEAKER ; A . To bs Continued Weekly-Price Ohe Pjbjcst . Edited by Thomas Coopbb , JuOv of « The Purgatory of Sniddts . ' Th » --r-liUcil rizhts ef the whole people-the fiscal and xne ^ c-uiiLai r . uw »* ? " - ' _ . £ „ produce , whe > industrial grievances of tke «»««* ™™> p , Ke ' neand redressing the other , will be propo . ed-ZB Jfother English , so that « as who new ittT mas . ' No . 1 will contain a Letter to Richard Cobden , M . P ., ana rhe spesch which tha Queen oujffttto deliver at tha openins of Parliament . —Beth by the Ediios . Published by B . Sao * , 20 , Paternoster-row , and all Boaksellers .
ItTSRaRY iSSTITUHOH . JOBS S TREET , FITZROY SQUABB . SUBJECTS O ? POUR ORATIONS to be delivered by Thohas Cod ? £ k , author of ' Tbe Purgatory ef Suicides , ' On Tuesday Evenings , during J anu a ry , 181 » , in aid ottbey * Ti ' .: s * :. TicnxYmro , for which , purpose Jar CooiicrprKJnts h \ s gratuitous services , Jan . Stk-Iife . Writings and Character of Thojus p , . ^ . l <' : b . —lite . Writings , and Character of William CnplBXTT . - . . . fllHE . — lav . LogUsh Commonwealth : Spirit of it * f ' f . uiirferf . aad the causes of their struggle : I iv '« : « -s despotism of Charles I .: death . of the vitriol Eliot , in the Tower : Charles ' s last i ' -irliii » ent : open quarrel with it : the King o « cts his standard at Nottingham : Battles ^; r ^ 'chOl and Chal g ra ^ e-field and death ot llamjTden : battles of Huston Moor and Kas . 'y-field : the King a prisoner , and preparaiwa for his Trial . 3 ' , f > ^_ --Hricg tbe bi-centenaxy of ' King Charles the M & nvr ') Trial and execution of Charles I .: * : vroT-itnent by the Conncil of State : Cromv . tl' in Ireland ; his victories of Dunbar and " sVoreejter : Protectorate and character of Olhii feOJIWILl . . ., . . Tor . ' -anience nt eight o'tleck precisely . Aanussion , HaUS-J . Ga ^ ryS-i .
HO H O '^ E PILLS , nor any other MeiicuiB , for Indigestiot i ; -rw ! iii ! -i » of the Intestinae , Flatulency , Palpitatf . ' . aoiui-jHiNtft , Torpidity of tha liver , persisting Heff' aches , Nervousness , Biliousness , General Debility , Be-rrTi-irncv . Snfcen , Ac . Price ed , or Sd post-free ; roy ? l . siit . i » - 6 c free by post , 2 s 6 d ( ia stamps ) , Fifth £ dfc :: \ i «? f DU ? Ui ; UV'S POPULAR TREATISE ON INSns-n'IOS and CONSTIPATION ; the main causer <> S Hks \ or wess , Biliousness , Scrofula , Liver Complaints fcoi » -ta , * c , and their Badical Removal , entitled tie ' Natural Kegenerater of the Digestive Organs , , witho-t pills , p urgatives , or medicines of any kind , by a Biajplc , pleaokKt , economical , and infallible means ; 8 dap : cilta the geaeral reader . Bu SaiTV snd Co ., 75 , New Bond Street , London ; also , of Gilberts ' ; and all other booksellers . Sent post-free at Its same price o Prussia .
DG 70 U SUFFER . TOOTHACHE ?—If so , use Sr . AMiE ' 8 EnajEIi for filling the decayed spots , rendenuz defective teeth sound and painless . Price One vShHliiig cciy , similar to that sold at Two Shillings and Sixpence . Sold bv chemists everywhere . Testimonials . — "• It has given me the use of ose side of my mcuih , which luxury I had not enjoyed fer about two -eare —2 . J . Macdonaid , Belford . Northumberland . « It ¦ = tuo mow effective and painless cure for toothache ! have sver found . I have nohesitation in recommendinsitto ail sufferers . *—Captain Thohas Tvaieax , 12 . Nr-sris / rtoD-crescent , London . « Ih , ' . r' ftiUdivs-o teeth , and find I can use them as well aa ever i -Hi in my life . I hare not had the tooth , ache ? : nce . ' — Abraham Collwb , North-br « ok-place , Bradfsra , 7 orli » liir ? . Sec nuffcvous other testimonials in vanona news , twoer * evert one of which is strictly authentic- If any tOienUy in cbraiain ^ it occurs send One Shilling and a Stamj . to . f - Willis , 4 , Bell ' e-buUdings , Salisbury-square , loados , aud you will ensure H by return of pest . —Agents wanted .
EGYPTIAN DROPS , a Certain and Speedy Cure for STOKE and GRAVEL , lent Pree to aU Persons , by eacloiing seven stamps , to Thomas T 7 jmikbor , land Agent , Gainsborough , Iancclnshire .
A PAID-UP FOUR-ACRE SHARE in the Xatioaal land Compsny , to be disposed of , fcr £ 9 Ms , la consequence of the advertiser leaving the C A ^ a ? esF , postpaid , 3 . W ., Sew Street , Walsall , Stafford . Shire .
NA T I O NAL LAJSD C OMPANY , _ , _„ THREE TOUR-ACRE PAID-UP SHARES , v ? -: ih all expenses pais ! to tke present time , to be aispos .-ao :. Karlv application is requested , the party harinp orter engagements preventing him from Holding f-faft J 4 l ' ^ J ^ AddreT =, post raid , to Mr S . Boonham , Company s Office , Hi , High llolbora . Terms , SX 5 s per share .
FOR SALE , A PAID-UP TWO-ACRE SHARE ia tic land Company . — Price , £ S . Applf , if p y lettc-r ( post-paid ) , to S . P ., ao , 3 > Aims , aouses ' I '^ britigs .
TWO TIIREE-ACSE PAID-UP SHARES in the K ; itionai Lucd Company to be disposed of . —Price , £ t 10 s . ? scb . ApplJ m iloiti " Wasblb , Hemihaw-lane , Stockport , Cnesbfee . TO BE SOLD , THE RIGHT of a THREE-ACRE ALLOTJf EST in the National Land Company , balloted for ia May last App ;? to Mr & 1 . ZCZL Clxgq , Basket-street , Burnley , tancaiiiie . TO BE DISPOSED OP , A FOUK-ACHS SHAKE in the National Land Cfiiipany . Applicarisn to be made to Ass Hasub , 6 , "Winchesterplace , Eentisii Town .
A BARGAIN . 10 ES SOLD . CLEAR OF ALL DUES , ONE FOUR-ACRE SHARE in the National Land Company . —Price , £ 3 lOs . Address V , ' . G . Baksb , 52 , the Grove , George's-place , 3 Ioliovray .
Tee Miners' Union. To The Miners Of The ...
TEE MINERS' UNION . TO THE MINERS OF THE TYNE , WEAR
AND TEES . Fmxcw WoRSMES , —Ever wishful for your welfare , and fearful lest the approaching attack of your employers < honld some upon you unawares , I hasten to inform voc that a preparation on your part against a general rednctioa of w & zes must be made with a spirit of determination . Ten , perhaps " , ara not aware that the vi » v ? srE—or rather coal kings—of Durham aad Northumberland , have again united themselves in a body , andbasBauieditisnotfor your benefit , butt on the contrary , for tbe parpoea of giving you mere work and leas wages . They do not unite to replenish voareoEsr ? , or place you in a better state of aoeietv ; " thev care not for tha danger you undergo ;
they heed * not the hunger of your wives and little ones . Miners , be wise , and guard against the com . ing evil . Reduction , on a large scale , is their inten-Hon . Vie ?? the l & rge heaps of coal at Seaton Dale-Tal , and other collieries ; look at the miners of Sag . lull , only receiving a part of their wages , when dued and at the s & xe time under notice ; many other collieries are ia the same position . The employer , of the Conside Ironand Coal Woikegave 600 or 700 men and boys their discharge , and then advertises for 300 raca . Does not such a proceeding cry , 'Mine rs , Lr . ffc" * Up and ba doing , and when the reduction does come—for come it mnat—let it ba tbe lignal for another great and glorious" nnion . Come forward ia yc-cr thousands , and oppose yonr _ employers on the principles of justice . There is no
secesatv for & reduction of your wages ; the earners of Lancashire and Scotland ara almost generally improving fcslr wages . Then , I ask , why reduce yours ! Theonlv reason I can assign is . that tha viewers , seeing * ' our weakness , think it time on their part to unite for their advantage . Resist , then , illegal proceedings . Cn you depends the happiness or misery oi ahncEt the entire population of the counties yen ara employed in . Secure yourselves good wages , and the country is benefitted ; suffer a reduc tion to tako place , and you bring more evils upen yonrB slYC- . and t ' aoae depending upon ycur trade for Boppert . I would again aay , unite ! be on your guard , and shun , if pc * fible , the coming danger . lam , yours faithfull y , Jobs Haiv
Singtlab Dkcovbht.-A Table Knife Was Fou...
SiNGtLAB Dkcovbht .-A table knife was found firmly eiac ° dded m tha stomach of a cow , which was Blau-mtersa tm week before last at Elgin , whioh was ju = uch i ; ooii condition as to show that her teaiili had not in i ' ae slightest degree been affected by the i-r ^ ge morse ! whioh she had swallowed .
Now Ready , a New Editie »« f MR . O'CONNOR'S WORK ON SMALL FARMS . TBS OHEAU » WITION Bvsa r « YLI * HE » . Price is . Sd ., A new and elegant edition , with Steel Plat * of b « Author , of PAINE'S POLITICAL W 0 BK & YOLS . I . TO 1 V „ SEATLT BOUND , Price Ss . 65 . each , THE ' LABOUKEfi' MAGAZINE . NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS . Any imperfect copies of the ' Laboubkb ' Magazine most he completed forthwith ; all the back numbers are now on sale ; but it vill not be practicahle to perfect copies uuleaa \ mp « fee . tvQu . a are called for at oace .
ON THE 1 st OP FEBRUARY , 18 » , Will be published , price sixpence , the First Namber of a New Magasine , THE COMMONWEALTH : . A MONTHLY R E CORD O P DEMOCRATIC , SOCIAL & INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS . Communications for the Editor , Books for Review , Ae ., to be forwarded to the Office , 16 , G BBAT WINDMILL STREET , LONDON . To ba had of all Booksellers in Town and CowVry . Just Published , price Is . 6 d ., ionning a seat volume , EVIDENCE TAKEN BY THE SELEOT COMMITTEE Appointed to inquire int « Ths Natiohal Lass Coufasy ; with a review of the sates , and an Oatline of the Propositions for amending the Genititution of the Company , ao as to comply with the ProTuiona of the Law . Watson , Queen ' s Head-passage , Paternoster-row , London : A- Heywood , Manchester : and all Book * sellers in Town and Country .
My Friends , Every week I see announced in the " Star ' so much seat to this person , and so much to that person , for the Defence Fund , and I do not understand what it means ; not a farthing of it finds its way to me , while all should be sent to Mr Rider , to the " Star" office . How do those parties who receive it know what to do with it ?—while perhaps you are not aware that Mr Macnamara—the gentleman whom Mi Jones selected to defend him and four othersafter receiving over 200 / ., has brought an action against me for 130 / ., and Mr Nixon , who most ably defended Mr Vernon , is yet unpaid to the amount of 70 / . or 80 / . ; while a large sum is due to Mr Roberts , to whom I have paid 170 / . for the defence of ^ the London , Chester , York , and Liverpool prisoners . Now , then , let me ask you—at the commencement of this year 1849—how long these things are to continue ? how long am I to be the paymaster of the National Land Company , and of the Chartists of the empire ? I tell you I cannot stand it , and I will not stand it . I tell you that Mr Nixon and Mr Roberts are well entitled to their eeats , moat of it being money paid out of their pockets , and you are pretty fellows , well deserving your rights , when you are not willing to protect me against those
several wrongs . I trust I hare said enough to protect me against griping solicitors , and I ask you , as honest men , whether it is just that a gentleman , whose greatest pride is that he has never accepted a penny of your money , ner ever travelled a mile or eaten a meal at your expense , should be thus daily harassed and annoyed by your positive dishonesty and neglect of duty . Your unpaid , but persecuted friend , Feabgus O'Connor .
Portrait Of W. S. O'Brien. On Saturday, ...
PORTRAIT OF W . S . O'BRIEN . On Saturday , the 3 rd of February , our subscribers will receive their portraits of William Smith O'Brien , and we venture to assert , that a more splendid portrait , or a more correct likeness , was never published . None bnt subscribers will receive the portrait .
The Nokthern Stae, Saturday, January 18,1819.
THE NOKTHERN STAE , SATURDAY , JANUARY 18 , 1819 .
Ireland. Under No Circumstances Should W...
IRELAND . Under no circumstances should we consider an apology necessary for continuously illustrating the state of Ireland ; while at the present moment , when the condition of that country constitutes the stock-in-trade of the press , the pamphleteer , the letter writer , the Government , and the frightened of all classes , her grievance : ) and remedies are legitimate questions for consideration . Although Ireland constitutes a portion of the British dominions , and is said to be an
integral portion of the British Empire ; and notwithstanding the facilities of communication now existing between the two countries , nevertheless , we venture to assert that the majority of the English people are better acquainted with the history of any foreign country than they are with the history of Ireland . And the cause of this ignorance is not at all unnatural , while its effects constitute the " great difficulty " with which the English Government has now to contend ; and the " great difficulty * ' which it has become the interest as well as the duty of all to correct .
Far be it from us to travel over the seven centuries of oppression which has so long and so unhappily constituted the stock-in-trade of trafficking politicians , and whose incessant practice has been to array Celt against Saxon , by continuous repetition of barbarous atrocities , of barbarous times , without introducing one single practical measure for the correction of existing ills , or without the slightest endeavour to heal existing national wounds , from which would have resulted a much better un .
derstaneDng between the people of both countries ; and the consequence is , that the Irishman ' s horror of the Saxon is aa fresh and green in the Irish mind as it has been in the darker days of her melancholy history ; and as well may the physician hope to restore the patient to perfect health without removing the cause of bis distemper , as the English Government may hope to correct Irish abuses without first destroying those causes which have led to their perpetuation- ; while their principle is the attempt to allay angry national feeling by brute force , without administering any remedy
for the mitigation or removal of national hostilities . While the people of a country are in a state of absolute starvation , nothing can be more unchristian , uncharitable , or unfair , than to make the question of their suffering the grounds of political agitation . The Irish are continuously taunted with the venality , the corruption , and prostitution of tbeir own Parliament , and the justice of its dissolution is based upon those charges ; while the English reader should bear in mind , that
the Irish people , from the period ef the English conquest , never were represented in Parliament . He should understand , that more than ninetenths of the population were Catholic , while a Catholic was _ not eligible to sit in Parliament ; and that patronage , secured by conquest , and the emolument paid by the Catholic people , was distributed amongst the Protestant conquerors , and constituted their test of allegiance to the British Crown ; and that this Protestant Parliament sold itself to the British monarch .
Thus far we absolve the Irish people from all crimes chargeable upon the Irish Parliament ; and now , throwing over the seven centuries ot barbarism , we shall trace the woes of the Irish , and the ignorance of the English , from the Act of Union—not by any means seeking to charge the present Government , or the
Ireland. Under No Circumstances Should W...
Eng lish people , with the ills dail y resulting from that measure , and which will require both time and capacity to correct , but with the hope that , even yeti the latent mind of Ireland may be roused to a sense of its people ' s sufferings , and their country ' s capability . When the Act of Union was passed , and when English education , English patronage , and the representation of Ireland in the English Parliament , constituted the pride and ambition of the Irish , heretofore resident , all local thought of Ireland , with the exception of patronage and distinction , was abandoned . No longer was popular favour courted ; no longer could national acts be locally considered ; no longer could the domestic representatives receive the smiles of their constituents
as the reward of virtue , and their frowns as a punishment for vice . They [ fled their country —took their families with them , and abandoned agriculture for patronage . As long as they were residents they were magistrates , possessed local authority , and vied with each other in works of national or local improvement ; but as soon as the more fashionable and seductive port was opened to them they let their estates to griping
middlemen , who sub-let at an enormous profit , and became the representatives of those from whom they rented their properties ; and hence the upstart griping middle-man , as if by magic , became a magistrate , grand juror , captain of a yeomanry corps , and distributed amongst his famil y and friends all that local patronage which , previously , was administered by the lord of the soil , and by the equitable administration of which his character was measured .
We are not contending that in the old boroug hmon g er i n g tim e , patronage was equitably administered , but we do contend that it was more equitably distributed by the lord of the soil than it was by his tenant representative ; and to this substitution of pride and ignorance for character and responsibility , we will now trace British ignorance of the Irish character . During the period of war from 1800 to the peace of 1815 , high prices not only diminished but destroyed the English Minister ' s Irish difficulty . After that period , however , when
prices fell , and middle-men saw more profit in continuous ejectments , and continuous relettings , receiving' more than the just rent by fine 3 , theBe middle-men becamelrish historians , and eiich urged agrarian disturbance and Irish disloyalty as his inability to pay war rents ; and through this channel the Irish members sitting in the English Parliament , received and communicated the state of Irish feeling ; and hence the statute book shows that from that period down to the present time , every act of English aggression has been based upon
the representations of Irish middie-men , enforced in the English House of Commons by Irish landlords ;—those landlords being only too happy to justify their own neglect of duty by the foulest calumnies upon their countrymen , while every abuse was consequent upon their own abandonment of duty ; and hence we find the English Minister of that day securing the support of those deserters by the most extensive and shameful patronage ; and we rind those landlords merging' all thoug ht o f territorial possession and cultivation of their land in Governmental patronage .
We believe that the strong animosities of the Irish people towards the Saxon might be very easily dispelled , if even now the Government of this day , taking example from the folly of its predecessors , would say to the Irish people , in the wards of Mr Harkort , the President of the Prussian Election Committee
"HE WHO MUST TAKE CARE OF HIMSELF , HAS NO TIME TO TAKE CARE OF YOU ;" and , therefore , ; . ™ your landlords have neglected their duties , and in taking care of themselves have neglected to take care ef you , we have tried the experiment of making their estates answerable for the support of the poorpoverty being a consequence of their own neglect ; and , if that is not sufficient , we will try further and more stringent remedies for the correction of this national malady and crying evil ; and the remedy—the only
remedywill be in enforcing the system of PERPETUITY OF TENURE ; and then we shall hear no more of Irish emigration—even in search of gold in California ; we shall hear no more of Irish destitution and poverty competing with the English labourer in his own market ; we shall hear no more of Irish rebellion , treason , and sedition—no more of Irish intemperance , laziness , and improvidence , when the field of remunerative industry is open to the Irish people ; and all the rubbish about the area of taxation , " the responsibility of landlords , and their destitution consequent upon their
own neglect of duty , will pass away as so much moonshine , when the field of Labour becomes more profitable and honourable than a lodging in the workhouse . And again , we say to the English Ministers : " Do not , in the name of justice and common sense , hope to crimp the votes of Irish landlords by skinning over a wound , which , if not probed to the core , will make Ireland not only your real difficulty , but the cause of English bankruptcy , as the English people will not consent to maintain expensive armaments rendered necessary by the non-performance of landlords' duties . "
The Financial Reform Meeting In Manchest...
THE FINANCIAL REFORM MEETING IN MANCHESTER . We recommend the report of the proceedings in the Free Trade Hall , in Manchester , to the working classes , and from it they will gather more than the mere attempt to reduce Whig patronage by the amount of ten millions a-year . They will see that Mr Cobden proposes a return to the expenditure of 1835 , merely as the first step in the march of progress , and then , he says , he will go farther . The reader must understand that the affairs
of a country , long based upon the principle of patronage , cannot be altered , as if by magic ; and that the Beform Bill being the foundation of middle class ascendancy , it required time for that class to muster its strength against the old Country Party , whose power , though shaken , has been temporarily upheld by the Chandos clause , which gave to the 501 . tenants-at-will of the landlords a right to the vote ; and that class ef voters constituting 108 , 000 , or more than a-fourth of the whole agricultural constituency , is a pliant and docile reserve , which must march at the bidding of the Protectionists , and which , though the minority , constitutes the balance of power of that Party .
What we glean , then , from the new developement of Free Trade strength is , that now the battle—the real battle—must be fought between the upper and the middle classes—between the owners of land and the owners of machinery—and this is the very phase in which we have long viewed the coming struggle . Not that we base the hope of the employed upon the political success of the employer , but that we found the future prospect of the Labourer upon the good old maxim , " WHEN ROGUES FALL OUT ,
HONEST MEN COME BY THEIR OWN ;" and the worker may rest assured , that the sluggish , inactive , and once-duped Protectionists , will now open their ears to what is passing around them , and will be prepared , in the approaching struggle , to outbid their competitors for popular favour . To us , who have long foretold this day of auction , it matters not who may make the bid , provided it comes up to our price ; whether Peel or Russell , we will knock the lot down the moment the " reserved bid" is offered ; and that bid is ANNUAL PARLIAMENTS ,
UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE , VOTE BY BALLOT , EQUAL REPRESENTATION , NO PROPERTY QUALIFICATION , AND PAYMENT OF MEMBERS .
The Financial Reform Meeting In Manchest...
We are not prepared to take exceptions to a single sentence spoken at this meeting , aa regards its intended influence upon the people ; but , as we may hereafter be called upon to refer to the old book of prophecies , we cannot acquiesce in Mr Cobden ' s do ctrine—that any of the proposed reductions of taxation will better enable the farmer to pay his rent , an the whole amount , if chargeable upon the land directly , and if the land was directly and entirely relieved from it , would be but as a drop of water in the ocean , compared with the indirect tax imposed upon the land by foreicompetition .
gn The competition of foreign grain is not like the competition of forei gn shoes , foreign silks , foreign ribbons , or foreign manufactured articles of any description ; foreign competition of grain is competition with the staple commodity of the country , which establishes the standard value of gold , of exchange , of discount , and all manufactured articles . But we merely recite these facts lest Financial Reform should atop
with the acquisition of the proposed reduction , and lest our pupils should thensay , "Youurged us on to acquiescence in those propositions , and led us to believe that , NAKEDLY and PER SE , they would correct the several abuses of which we complained , " We do not view them in this light , but we do look upon them as the garter , over which the belligerents are to fight , and to the result as promising and sure to realise a great advantage to the
millions . It is something refreshing to find the Extension of the Suffrage now constituting a portion of the middle-class agitation ; and although the forty-shilling freehold scheme may be intended as a scabbard for the Chandos dagger , things do not always stop where their projectors contemplate , and , therefore , we look upon this very narrow political franchise as the miniature and distant view of John Bull's labour-field
and cottage ; nor should we be at all astonished to find our friends of the League outbidding us with a new and more fascinating Land Scheme ; and , so far from feeling disappointed , we should hail the conversion with shouts of joy , and look with delight upon the son of the Sussex farmer in bis jack-boots , apportioning a dunghill to the several allotments , while our friend John would be
employed in the pleasant duty of assigning the several locations : — " This is thine , friend Timothy , and this is thine , friend Moses . " And then his colleague , Milner Gibson , might be president , instead of subordinate , of the Board of Trade , overlooking and managing the co-operative department , seeing to the lig hting of the ovens , the boiling of the wash-house boiler , the arrangement of the ; soap , and the just application of the mangle .
But , all badinage apart , we should much more respect those gentlemen in the situations we have assigned them , and so would the peopie , and they would be more profitably employed , than in filling the hi g hest government situations . To the Financial Reformers , therefore , we say : ' Go on , bid away who bids more ? Bid again , sir , it is against you ; you will lose the lot . I hsd a Protectionist nod , and we , as faithful auctioneers , will proclaim our reserve bid , and , if the ralue is not offered , we will postpone the auction to another day . " What pleases
us most in the Manchester proceedings is , that no Chartist opposition was manifested when the object of the agitators was to clip the Whig wing of its patronage , the thing — the only thing—upon which Whig weakness and imbecility has been enabled to base its preten . tions to office ; and , ere long , we hope to see the "HAPPY FAMILY" abandoningtheir old house in Downing Street , their old seats—their worn-out seats—upon the Treasury Bench , and betaking themselves to their comfortable lod gings and the bleak side of the Hon . se , and no exertion on our part shall be wanting to aid in this Christian endeavour . Of course
the Press gang , that lives upon patronage , is open-mouthed in its hostility to Cobden and his associates ; but , to the people , we say , "Let their value be estimated by the abuse of the Press , as the censure of slaves is adulation . "
The Victims. We Direct The Attention Of ...
THE VICTIMS . We direct the attention of our readers to an address from the Manchester Victim Committee , concerning , and in behalf of , the imprisoned patriots West , White , Leach , Donovan , and others , confined in Kirkdale . We have before commented on the peculiar position of these victims of Whiggery , and shown the disgrace it would reflect on the Chartist party , and the working classes generally , were our suffering friends left unprovided with the
means of subsistence . The address above alluded to , states that the imprisoned Democrats have , hitherto , obtained support , but are likely to be reduced to want unless funds are immediately placed at the disposal of the Committee . The case is an urgent one . We have reason to believe that the Committee has already had to borrow money to supply the sufferers with food and the barest necessaries .
The imprisoned patriots are best known in Lancashire , and , naturally , have first claims on the Chartists of that important district . We suggest to the Manchester and Liverpool Committees , the propriety of convening a South Lancashire delegate meeting , for the purpose of concerting measures for obtaining a regular and sufficient sum for the maintenance of the men in prison . Each delegate , attending the said meeting , should come with authority to name the sum his town or district would supply monthly or weekly in advance . The first week ' s or
mouth ' s contribution brought at the same time , would render the meeting more effective . We have received several letters concerning the family of Dr M'Douall . Mrs M'Douall has four young children , one born about the time that her husband was sentenced to two years ' imprisonment ; the situation of his famil y would before this time have been desperate but for the real philanthropy of Mr Farrett , and other Liverpool friends : it is , however , unjust and impossible that one or a few persons should perform the duty due'from the many . We understand that Mrs M'Douall is anxious
for assistance , to enable her to commence some line of business by which she might support herself and children . We believe the general Victim Committee would be happy to vote that assistance if the funds existed , but the funds do not exist . Week by week we make these appeals . When will the multitudes who have adopted , or pretended to adopt , Chartist principles , save us from the shame of making these appeals , and rescue the victims from their present condition of unmerited suffering .
Magistrates' Law. As First-Class Misdeme...
MAGISTRATES' LAW . As first-class misdemeanants , the Manchester Chartists confined in Kirkdale , are sup . posed to enjoy among other privileges that of receiving newspapers . Aware of this , we have , since their conviction , forwarded a copy of the" Star , " weekly addressed to « J . West , House of Correction , Kirkdale , near Liverpool . " It appears that the ' -Star" has reached the prison , but not our friends confined therein . The governor would not give the paper to the person to whom it was addressed , until he had received authority from the magistrates : that authority has been sought by the prisoners , with what result the following extract from a letter from one of them , will tell : —
I regret much that your Mndneas ia causing tbe Stab to be sent here is unavailing as tbe Visiting Magistrates have peremptorily decided that it shall not be admitted . I cannot account for this decision on any other grounds thanthatits politics are opposed to the views of those gontlemen . But we have just as good a right to OUT DOlitical opinions as any other men „ class i £ this country , and I do think that any newspaper that is legalised by government , bears its stamp , and p ays dut y , we har e l , ^ wJ ^?™ ' , f 2 ? not intend to let it chop here . We Intend to apply to the Secretary of State , and In tho evento ! that foiling , to appeal to the House of Commoni .
Magistrates' Law. As First-Class Misdeme...
where I have many personal friends , wno w i ll ice t hat justice to done to £ «« the other ., and that we a * aU hare the fall benefit * that the law allows . We ask no Tfl aU Ml mnch concerned that the Jmtlcei ahndd deemitneeenary to come to such a decision . " « orW » trot much iastructlon and good advice from the Star that we could not obtain in any other paper , but we are in prison , and the Magistrates mult make u » ft fll thatthey bare tlie power to punish . We are all in good health and spirits , with the xceptlonor"Nixon , who la In tbehospiUl , from a severs cold , which , we fear , will terminate in lever ; bat we hope it will not be dangerous . This is monstrous . Our frieiids are allowed to receive the " Times" daily , and why should they not receive the " Star" weekly . The " Times" is not more a lawful journal than is ! the " Northern Star . " All the regulations en- '
forced by Acts of Parliament have been comp lied with by the proprietor of this journal , and at the Stamp Office the " Star" is on an equality of right and privilege with the ( i Times . '' If the *\ Star" was an ' . illegal journal , or in any way an offender against the Iaw , ] the Attorney General would soon remind us of his existence ; but we maintain , and are prepared to show , that the " Times' * is not one whit more legal or respectable than is this journal ; why then this unjust , odious , and tyrannical distinction ? This act of petty despotism is another proof of the hatred towards the " Northern Star" entertained by those who riot on the spoils of the poor man ' s labour , and veho detest this journal , because it exposes and denounces their rapacity and rtnm-rWinn .
Ujbjlmirsal Versus Rautrun . There Is No...
UJBJlMirsAL versus rAUtrun . There is no want of comfortable , well-to-do persons in this country , who are disposed to fold their arms , lean back in their easy chairs , and congratulate us that this is , upon the whole , the happiest and the best governed country in the world . They have no objection to admit , merely for the sake of argument , that there maybe pointed out abuses here and there ; but then , you know , it is in the nature of things human to be imperfect , and , taking our institutions altogether , they do not exactly see how they could be made much better .
To this class of persons , the startling revelations that have just been made , respecting the immense difference in our treatment of poverty and crime , must be more forcible than the moat eloquent essays of moralists on theprac . tical anomalies of society , or the most indignant denunciations of the injustice inherent in our social arrangements by thsse who suffer from that injustice . Nothing can add to the force of the simple facts themselves . It appears , that at the Pentonville House of Detention , erected at an immense expense by the Government , for
submitting the convicts sentenced to transportation to a preliminary course of reformatory treatment , the cost of maintenance per head is sixty pounds a-year . This is only one of those fancy prisons in which our philanthropists and dilettanti legislators have of late indulged in their crochets of criminal reform , and , in order to win back the convicted burglar , forger , highwayman , or pickpocket to an honest life , have surrounded them with comforts , which , when contrasted with the treatment of the honest poor ia o \ w Bastiles , called " workhouses , " not only appear to be ,
but positively act as a premium upon crime . Now , far be it from us to say one word against the position that all punishment should be reformatory in its character and object , but let us not be one-sided . While acting upon the maxim , " That it is our duty to bring back , as soon as possible , the stray sheep to the fold , " let us not forget that it is easier to prevent than to cure . It is simpler to take the poor in their honest though p auperised , condition , and / make them self-helpful and selfsupporting , than to wait until we have hardened their hearts by bad treatment , rendered them desperate and reckless by our inhumanity and avarice , and thereby driven them to become criminals , for the purpose of enjoying
the comforti in that capacity which we denied them while their only misfortune was being poor . "The comforts of crime , " as they were appropriately styled at a late meeting in the City , are , indeed , sufficient to make an honeflt pauper ' a mouth water . Each prisoner in the Model House of Detention we have named , has a separate cell to himself , the temperature of which , ia regularly heated to fifty degrees . It is lighted with gas , supplied with wash-hand basins , towels > combs , and soap , and with a change of books every day . According to Sir Peter Laurie , there are water closets attached to each cell , and we heard that worth y Alderman state , that such was the care taken of these persons , and the deference paid to them , that outside in the corridor there was an officer
walking about ready , when the convict rung a bell for him , to bring a piece of paper . The diet is wholesome , nutritious , and varied , ao that the inmates gain in flesh . Medical attendant ? , chaplains , and schoolmasters are unremitting in their attendance ; and , to crown all , the turnkeys who wait upon them are bedizened with gold lace to the tune of nearly a thousand pounds a year , and in one of these
fancy prisons there are saty ^ wo ftUftttdaaYs to wait upon one hundred and twenty-one prisoners . Why , the crack club in Pall Mall , the Reform Club , could hardly de the thing in a more magnificent style ; we question , indeed , whether the proportion of attendants to the persons to be waited upon in that splendid establishment , comes anything near that we have stated .
Sixty pounds a year is twentv-three shillings a week . That is the sum ' which these gentlemen criminals cost . How many hundreds of thousands of honest working men have to toil from early morn till late atnight for half that sum , to support themselves , a wife , and a large family ? Happy , indeed , they who are so permitted to toil , consider themselves ! When stern poverty and grinding want drive them from their empty cupboards and cold hearthstones , into the asylums provided by law for the reception of the h « nest and unfortunate poor man , they find no such comforts provided for them as for the criminal
who has broken the laws of his country . We have frequently heard it said , that one of the most disgraceful features of modern Poor Law Administration was , that it treated Poverty as a crime . " Henceforth let that sleep with other exploded popular fallacies . The Philanthropists have taken crime under their care j the Economists have charge of poverty . Twenty-three shillings a week is deemed little enough for the criminal ; five shillings a week is grudged to the honest man , or the orphans he may have left behind him , when he has sunk in the battle vainly waged against poverty and distress .
Of the treatment of these wretched orphans , and the offspring of the poor who are bo unfortunate as to require parish aid , the outbreak of diseaseat the Infant Pauper Asylum , Lower Tooting , is a herrible revelation . It appears that the Metropolitan Unions are in the habit of "farming out" the children chargeable upon them , to a Mr Drouett , at sums ranging from 11 / . Is . to 111 . Us . per annum , or little over 4 s . a week . For this sum the contractor engages to feed , clothe shelter , medicate , and educate them . Generally there are from 1 , 200 to 1 , 400 children thus farmed out at the establishment in question . Within the last few days a disease broke out of the most fearful character . In a short
time nearly two hundred children were attacked with vomiting and spasms , which resulted in the speedy death of nearly fifty 0 f them . Ihe alarm spread far and wide . Thf » dreadful and dreaded Cholera had stooped on its quarry at last , and revelled abundantlv upon the tender flesh of infancy . The euar dians of the various unions , and their medical of eShi Ulried 27 '? ° 0 tin ^ S of each other , and found out-what they ought SiiSS T be fore-thi * the poor L if Tffnnf tUre . , i f hafc Enable cesspool of infantile wretchedness , were under-fed ^ ° «* -crowded , They died like rotten
Ujbjlmirsal Versus Rautrun . There Is No...
The union medical men let out , on the firsj alarm , the true cause of the excessive mortality . They recommended the abolition of gruel and liquid food , and the substitution of animal food daily , and added , that it would be better to have the meat roasted . They further recommended more warm clothing , both for the persons of the children and the bed * Thus showing clearly that it was owing to a system of deliberate starvation both as re
, epects food and clothing , that this appalling plague had broken out among the children . It has been called Cholera . Perhaps it is ; but we can only say that the symptoms by which its attack was prefaced , are not those usually ascribed by medical men to Asiatic Cholera . That is said in all case * to be preceded by a tendency to diarrhoea ; whereas , in this case , instead of the usual premonitory symptoms ) " the first indication of attack has , in almost
every instance , been the sudden bulking up or vomiting . " Afterwards the ordinary symptoms of confirmed Cholera appeared . We must not , therefore , blame the Cholera nor the " open tank" into which the refuse ot the County Lunatic Asylum was drained , for this pestilence . When Mr Grainger , the Inspector of the Board of Health , visited the place , be found one hundred and sixty children labouring under viofent suffering , lyintr four or five in a bed . Fifteen hundred thinly-clad , scantily-fed children , were crowded into a place which was not calculated to give
accommodation to more than live hundred . The superintendent of this great mint , in which shivering and helpless orphanhood and poverty were to be coined into gold , no doubt when acting m concert with so many "honourable and respectable men , " boards of guardians , thought everything was perfectly en regie . It required such a visitation as this to expose the selfishness and heartlessness , if not the deliberate cruelty , of all concerned in this atrocious outrage upon our common humanity . One of the most clumsy methods of getting out of the scrape , was that adopted by the chairman and guardians of Chelsea—the first
mentioned person , in fact , avowed a moral complicity in the conduct of the contractor , by stating that he and his colleagues had frequently remonstrated with him as to the insufficiency of the diet . But when they found these remonstrances not attended to , why did they not remove the children ? The Chelsea guardians , the Holborn guardians , and other metropolitan guardians—panic-stricken by the results o f their " farming" system , rushed
down to Tooting , and removed their children en masse . The whole and the sick were crammed into omnibusses pell-mell , and driven off with all speed from the pest house . But here , again , they showed as little common sense as they had formerly done of common humanity . The children so brought to town , and dispersed in the various quarters , have spread the seeds of any endemic disease with which tney may be afflicted .
The removal of the children has , however , thrown more light on the manner in which these Infant Pauper Asylums are managed . According to the surgeons of the Hospitals where they have been-temporarily lodged , out of every ten children , nine are affected with the itch . This single fact reveals , in one sentence , all the horrors of this over-crowded , dirty den of starvation . Every one knows that
itch is the invariable concomitant of crowding , uncleanliness , and underfeeding '; and this , conjoined with the fact that up to this time more than three hundred children have been attacked , and upwards of one hundredhave died , is quite enough to settle , in every honest man ' s mind , the verdict , which should be passed upon all parties connected with these proceedings .
Let our , readers contrast the treatment awarded to the convicted criminal with that of the innocent and helpless Infant Pauper , and think of the boast that our institutions are " the envy of surrounding nations !"
• Mw '
• mw '
J . Swjtbt acknowledges the receipt of the following suras , and respectfully requests all persons or localities who have money in their hands for Mrs M'Doutll or Mra White , In the Nottingham district , to forward the same immediately . Be prompt—we want deeds , not words , now : — J 01 MS H ' doUaM . £ I , a . The Seven Stan 0 2 0 Mr JohnPringle .. .. .. .. 085 MrMott .. o 3 i Mr Chipindale O 1 o Mr C . Waterfleld 0 11 Messrs Mortimer and Scott .. .. 0 10 Master Perkins .. .. .. .. 008 MrGae 0 0 8 *•**» •• •• .. .. 002
FOX xaa WBITB . The Seven Stars o 2 o From the'King of the French' .. .. 0 0 9 Mr Ginnlver and Son ,. ., 0 0 6 Thoi . OaicisHRa has received the following sums trora the Chartists of Higher Lane , for tho relief of the imprisoned Chartuts of Kirkdale : — £ 8 . d . rilkington , per John Eastwood .. .. o 9 o Jergey street Stores , per Victim Box .. a 3 7 The Chartists of Leigh , per James Cook .. 0 7 0 a . Li wis , Burslem . —We cannot publish 'forthcoming meetings' unless paid for as advertisements . Tub Poem . —We can give no more poetry on the OidOr f tftw 3 *» s . r * S \ ff : «"~ f . can t name m * Particular day after which oners will not be entertained , but I would advitevott not to delay your offer later than the first .
a Tr » v « ., . a -. Thomas Clark . a IBM YSABS' Sbbscbisbb . —We do not answer leaai questions . " D . Bdtlbb , Coventry . —Bead the report of a , meeting at M » ache » t » r , in tbis number of the Stab .
Executive Notice. Fellow Countrymen,—It ...
EXECUTIVE NOTICE . Fellow Countrymen , —It is with satisfaction and pleasure that we announce the election of Mr O'Connor to the presidency of the National Charter Association of Great Britain . This step will , we are confident , meet with your unqualified approval , and augurs , well for tike future success of the movement Any eulogy on the character of Mr O'Connor from us is unnecessary ; he is known to you all , and you are the best judges of his merit . No Movement can succeed if it meets with either a doubtful or damaging support . If we possess your confidence , be true to yourselves , and true to us . The men of London are taking the proper steps to secure an efficient agitation in the metrop olis ; and supported as they will be by the co-operation and support of the resident members of the Executive Council , we cannot doubt as to the result .
Me solicit you to be attentive and punctual ia your business arrangements ; and as the cards of membership aud plans of organisation are now ready , let each locality order the requisite number forthwith , distinctly stating the msans by which they can be best transmitted . The sum char « d being only one shilling per dozen places them within WeSvll *!! ^ T ° ° ift the Aviation We say then to the sub-agents and friends of tha National Charter Association , do your part of the good work , and we will to the best of our ability do ours . Samuel Ktdd , Secretary ,
John O'Connell's New Leae's Gift . Cheer...
JOHN O'CONNELL ' S NEW lEAE'S GIFT . Cheer np , mj brave Bri t o ns , the day 1 . ear own roung jon-ny ha , come to the Sixonshore - ¦ Wh £ p V ; bw Rnd fl 9 d froffl his home , Wh « a P * ddy refused to pay any more . % Cheer up , my bravo Chartists , these Christm * . time * , Yeu ve now got the chieftais so famous iaitert Th chap ^ Uad m to dejith m * , ? Attention ! ' 'E ye ' sri htf hear the M 7 «* .
S ? a . W tho dWI . how awkward jou stand . *» n « B in your pockets , and fork out yoar money . We ' re moral force soldiers—our motto is peace , * or the stick of the pike and the ball we abhor ; « e re the pride and tke glory of MUesian race , But should show box require it we'll then talk of war . Let a penny a-week be your loyalty's test , — Let your watchword be Ireland , the land of the free Then Paddy , my honoy , Rspale , and the rest , " You must leave to your God , to jour priest , and to me How oft I have told you I'd die if you like , Bat the blow must be struck when sweet nature thinks fit ;
"Who'd ua free nroat avoid the musket and pike — IU die of the chollc , teezee wee * e « , or pip , ' Oh Erin , I love you , I cannot tell how , 1 re sucked granneghweal till her pap has run drv You must find me a tit of some other ould cow , i ?* Johtt ' dus u "fc w «*» « 4 «* wt
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 13, 1849, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_13011849/page/4/