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^ THE NORTHERN STAR. January 2, 1847. tt...
^t^r^t^ kWt^cj^kik^k^rrr- - . LtUEltAL ROOKS oa POLITICS, THEOLOGY, AND SOCIAL PROGRESS,
THE NORTHERN STAK SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1817.
IRELAND. HER SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PROSPE...
THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. We bel...
WEEKLY REVIBW. The note of preparation f...
^ The Northern Star. January 2, 1847. Tt...
_^ THE NORTHERN STAR . January 2 , 1847 . ¦¦ - ¦¦ ¦ ¦
^T^R^T^ Kwt^Cj^Kik^K^Rrr- - . Ltueltal Rooks Oa Politics, Theology, And Social Progress,
_^ t _^ r _^ t _^ kWt _^ cj _^ kik _^ k _^ rrr- - _. _LtUEltAL ROOKS oa POLITICS , THEOLOGY , AND SOCIAL PROGRESS ,
Published , and Sold , _Wholesale anil Retail , BY JAMES WATSON , 3 , Queen ' s Head Passage , Paternoster Row , London . THE KEAS 0 S 5 S ( Editedby G . 3 . Holyoake ) . A weekly Publication , price three-halfpence , devoted to the _investigation of Religious Dogmas . To be had also in Monthly Parts . Mathematics no Mystery . Completed in Nine Numbers , at Threepence each _. Practical Grammar , by G . J . Holyoake , Is . 6 d . Handbook to ditto , by ditto , Md . Orin Fire Numbers , ai Twopence each . « t Published , in Two Yo ' urno _* . n at cloth boards and lettered , price Six _Shillings an 15 . _xpeuce , the Fourth Edition of ENQUIRY concerning POLITICAb JUSTICE , and its _Iiidaence oa Morals . ind Happiness . By William God . vin . To be had in 11 Parti at Sixpence each , or
Now ready , Price _OaeShilHng . THK SKCMD E » ITI _» N •* MY LIFE , OR OUR SOCIAL STATE , P « i I . a Poem , by ERNEST JONKS , Barrister at Law . " - _^ Fall of wild dreams , strange fancies aid graceful images , _interrjiersed with many bri ght and beautifuthoughts , its chief defect is its brevity . The author ' s in ' _apiratiens seem to gush fresh and sparklbig from Hippo : crtne . He will want neither readers nor admirers .-Morn ing Post . H contains more pregnant thoughts , more bursts of lyric power , more , in fino , ofthe truly grand asd beaotiftil , than any p » etical work , which has made its appearance for years . We know of few things mure _dramatieally intense than the scenes _bitweer Philipp , Warren and Clare . —New Quarterly Review . Published by Mr . Newby , 72 , Mo . timer-street , Caren dths-squaro .
CHARTIST POEMS , BY ERXEST JONES . . Price Three Pence . FOURTH EDITION , REVISED AND COBBBCTKD . _Repk-te with the fire of genius , and poetic powers of the very highest order , for eloquence and destructive power , they appear , to _us , almost unrivalled . We say ' ¦ destructive , " for their tendency is ' worse than Democratic . "New Quarterly Review . —( Tory . ) These poems have earned for their author the admiration of thousands . They may be _claessed together as stirring and truly poetical appeals , which must command the response of the mighty multitude . —Northern Star . These poems may very _appropriately be styled the outpouring _, of a soul inspired b y a devout love tor labour ' s ause , and intent on the achievement of the emancipation of industry . The poetry will come home with power to many a careworn heart , produce an influence on the mind of millions , and do its part towards keeping alive the flame of hope in the souls of the toiling . — . Vofr . tingham Rciiew .
IMPORTANT TO MINERS PROSPECTUS OF THK MINERS' ADVOCATE AND MANX INTELLIGENCER . To be published every Fortnight , and delivered free bj post throughout the United Kingdom and tlie British Colonies . Edited bi Mb . Wiuum _Dinieis TIIE above Periodical will re . appear early in 1817 , in its original form and siz _« , viz ., IG pages royal octavo , price as usual , 1 Jd . It will in future be printed in Douglas , Isle of Man , and will be published ( fortnightly ) iu the above form , until a sufficient liumbei are printed to complete a Volume of the late series ( twelve numbers having already been published , after which , should it meet the wishes of the Miners gene rally , it will appear weekly , as a general Newspaper . The MinbbsAdvocate
LITHOGRAPHIC ENGRAVINGS o ? the DUNCOMBE TESTIMONIAL . M AT still be had at the Office of Messrs . M'Gowan and Co ., IG , Great Windmill Street , Haymarket , London ; through any respectable bookseller in town or ; ountry ; or at any of the agents of the Northern Star . The engraving is on a large scale , is executed in the most finished style , is finely printed tn tinted paper , and pves a minute description of the Testimonial , and has tl ( Inscription , Ac , Ac , engraved upon it . PRICE FOURPENCE .
IMPORTANT TO _PHOTOGRAPHISTS . AN application was made on the i 2 nd Sipt .-mber , to the Vice-Chancellor of England , by jJr . Beard who , acting under a mostextraordiny _delusu . _i , considers hiuieeiftbeso * _<; pa ' e ! it € flof the Photographic _. _i _.-ojess !) to restrain MR . ESERTON , of 1 , Temple-stnoi . and 148 , Fleet-street , ran taking Photographic Portt . _i . is , which he does by a process entirely different fron and very superior to Mr . Beard ' s , and at _one-half Uie ct . ' rge . His Honour refused the application in tot * . * S _« i lk-ensa required to practice this _pracess , which is taught by Mr . Egerton iu a . * : •* _% lessons at a moderate "" large . All the Apprratus , Chemicals , _A-c , tobe had as usual \ thisD > "ot , ! , Temple-street , ' _- . hitofriars .
DOMESTIC MONITOR . Oa Saturday , December the 12 th , and eve- / succeeding Saturday , will be published , price One Peuny . THE DOMESTIC MONITOR , Or Literary , _^ eientifi _* . _' , Legal , and Medical Adviser . _E-Uted by Hermes . Contents—1 . Louis _Thilippe . 2 . Don Rodrigo , the Forbi _<* deu Wedding , chapter 4 . The Nosegay , Poetir _, Anecdetes , Mi-cella \ v , People's Corner . Accumulation of Capital , the Plethora of Wealih . C » rrespondence on Scientific , Lit-ravy , L » _gal , and Medical Subjects . Medical Adviser . Practical Observation on Consumption . S . _Lrgal Advirer . !> . _DoiiK-atic Herbal . Published by E . Mackenzie , 111 , Fleet Street , and to be had of ail _Bo-iksellera and Newsveuders . Letters to he addressed , post paid , " Hermes , 31 , Tonbridge Place , New Road .
TO TAILORS . LONDON ind PARIS FASHIONS FOR THE WINTER , 18 ie-47 . By READ and Co ., 12 , _Hart-s-treet , Bloomsbury square , London ; And G . Berg r , Holy well-street . Strand ; May he had of all booksellers , wheresoever residing . NOW KEaDT , By approbation of her Majesty Que < . u Victoria , and his Royal Highuess PriHCu Albert , a spi . ndid print richly _cuioured and exquisitely executed View of Hyd Park Gardens , as see » _fram Hyde Park , London . With this beautiiul Print will be sent Dross , Frock , aud Hiding Coa * . Patterns , the n west style Chesterfield , aud the New Fashionable _Deuble-breasted Waistcoat , with Skirts . The method of reducing and increasing them " or all sixes , explained in the most simple manner , with i . > _ur extra Plates , and can be easily _performt-d by any person . Manner of making up , and a full description of the Uniforms , as now to be woru in the Royal Navy , and other information . —Price 10 s .. er pest-free lis .
A NEVT ILLUSI RATED PERIODICAL FOR ALL CLASSES . Weekly Numbers , I ' d ., Stamped , 2 _'d . Monthly Parts , 7 d ., or , when it _containi Fire Weeks ' , 8 ' d . _HOWITT'S JOURNAL OF LITERATURE AND POPULAR PROGRESS .
DOUGLAS JERROLD'S WEEKLY NEWSPAPER . _Enlabqement op One Thibd on the Meitinc oi _Pabliamekt . In order to give ampler space for all the News of the Week , including the Debates in Parlialiameut—The Miscellaneous Occurrences—Law and Police Reports—Public _Mnetings—Foreign _Intelligence—Litwaturc—Corres-fiondeiici—as well as for Original and various New Serial Articles , the Proprietor has determined to enlarge the Paper to the u l most limit allowed by the Stamp Law , and to add one third , or 24 columns , making in thc whole Thirty . two Pages , or Ninety-six Columns , thus rendering it equal to tbe Fullest and Largest Newspapir in the extent and variety ofits News of the Week , and still retaining the large space heretofore devoted to Original Articles by tbe Editor , and his Eminent Literary Colleagues . Price ( as heretofore ) Sixpence . Order ot allNewsmen , Town or Country , from whom detailed Prospectuses ean be had .
To Architects , Surveyors , Civil Engineers , and all concerned in the Arts connected with Building , Patrons , Professors and Students . This day is published , in large 4 to , No . 1 , Price One Shilling , with three Plates , and Text . ROME , in its Ancient Grandeur , displayed in a series of Engravings presenting the Archiiectun _. l Antiquities of the Imperial City , delineated and accurately mcsured on the spot by M . Antoine _Desoodetz , Arclii . tect Royal aud Professor of Architecture , Paris . With copious Notes , Architectural , Classical , and Historical Under the superintendence of Mr . Chables _Tavlob , Sherwood , Gilbert , and Piper , 28 , Patemester Row .
NATIONAL LAND AND BUILDING ASSOCIATIONS . Bartlett ' s Buildings , Holborn . Whereas my name is unwarrantably used in connexion with the above Associations , notwithstanding my repeated orders to the contrary , and to formal noticts sent to each committee member ; and as the following state _, ments well calculated to mislead thc unwary , have for months hack been published through the " Commonweal " and at public meetings , " That the purchase of 100 acres of freehold land for the use ofthe Associations has been completed , " and also "that sums so paid in , stand in the name of respectable trustees on behalf of the Association , and are from time to time invested inthe purchase of freehold estates , " I hereby give public notice that no " mo . nies or lands of any amount or kind have been paid to any trust account opened in my name , nor have any been tendered to me . Having long since declined to act as a trustee , I shall take legal steps if necessary , to disconnect my name from the above Associations . T . W . Muskett . Grove Lodge , Brixton . Jan . 1 , 1847 .
Now Ready , a New Edition of MR . O'CONNOR'S WORK ON SMALL FARMS To be had at the JV ; rfA « ni Star Ofiice , 16 , Great Wind ¦ mill Street ; and Abel Heywood , Manchester .
JUST PUBLISHED , No . 1 , ( price 6 _d . ) of THE LABOURER , A Monthly Magazine of Politics , Literature , Poetry , io Edited by Feabqos O'Connob _, Es < _j ., and _Ebnest Jones , Esq ., ( Barristers-at-Law . ) _CONTENTS of NO . I . 1 . A Christmas Carol , by Ernest Jones . 2 . New Year ' * Greeting . 3 . The Insurrections of the Working Classes . 4 . Ireland . 5 . The State of Parties . 6 . The Romance of a People . 7 . The Trades' Unions . 8 . The Land and the Charter .
The Northern Stak Saturday, January 2, 1817.
THE NORTHERN STAK SATURDAY , JANUARY 2 , 1817 .
Ireland. Her Social And Political Prospe...
IRELAND . HER SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PROSPECTS . These are subjects to which , independently oi tlieir immediate importance , we have , an especial right to dilate upon , because , unlike the majority of Journals , and especially that edited by a deputy Whig minister , the " Weekly Chronicle , ' ' the " Star" has predicted the present state of the social and political relations of Ireland , while our friend of the " Chronicle , " in general , foretells events long after they have occurred . This inclement season , and the dreary famine now raging throughout a fertile land , overflowing with milk and honey , and peopled with a generous , industrious , and frugal race , would tempt us to withhold a very critical review of Irish politics , but for tbe fact that all thought of social improvement for the last fifteen years has been extinguished by the political blaze , sow subdued , but , anon , revived with increased eflfalgence to suit the temperature of a confiding , pati 0 _ntWiut expectant people ; a fact which alone _warraftti us in referring to our political and social predictions regarding men and measures in connection with that ill-fated country .
When the restoration of we Wings to power should have been the watchword of Ireland ' s longlooked-for opportunity , and while those vigilant and on the spot were tolerating , if not aiding , Mi * . O'Connell in his new policy , we wrote as follows , on the 18 th of July , long before Parliament had been prorogued , Dungarvan disgraced and Ireland dishonoured ; then we wrote—Ireland is not yet in possession of the following fact : — Mr . O'Connell , before he left London , entered into a _defioitire traity with the Whigs , the suiu aud substance ol
which was that he would go to Irelnnd and break up the repeal association . Has he not honourably fulfilled his mission ? But * Satan like , while he and his faction reap the reward ot their country ' s dishonour , he will contrive to throw the odium of confusion and disturb _, ance wpoo thote who have bee » bold enough to resist his despotism and adhere to the lesions that he himself has taught them . He bas sold Ireland ence more and will sell her again , if her sons do not rise as one man and for ever trample upon a' power that bas brought disgrace upon the nation and made . Ireland a bye . word of contempt throughout the civilised world , Had w «
Ireland. Her Social And Political Prospe...
been aware that Dungarvan was to bave boen so dis . honoured , if death , certain death , stared us in the face , we would hare met tbe apostate upon the hustings and saved Ireland the dishonour and Dungarvan the disgrace of so deep , and we fear , so lasting a wound , " Alas , poor country , Almost a / raid to know itself . " Has not this prediction been fulfilled to the letter ? while , as regards the social improvements now shadowed forth in the Whig programme , can the most fastidious and critical reader , or our bitterest enemy , dissever what is good in the project from what we have recommended for the last
fourteen years , enforced in our several letters and speeches , and detailed in our letters to the Irish landlords , written in 1840 , and more minutely detailed in our several subsequent works . We take the following programme of Whig intention as regards Ireland , as the uncontradicted feeler of the daily organs of tbat party . Parliament will meet on the 19 th of January . * * * * * " We understand , therefore , that government has come to the resolution , at the opening of parliament , to meet the tremendous evils of Irish distress , not by one or two favourite measures , borrowed from any of the political
monomaniacs of the day , but by a clus'er or Berles ot measures embracing the whole field of ill , granting witb generous band still more of English wealth to the famished and helpless Irish , but at the same time forcing every class in tbat country to come iorward and contribute its energies and its means to a permanent provision of employ and of support to the poor . This cluster of new measures is not a poor law , ner a waste land re . claiming , nor a batch of peasant proprietors , nur an emigration fund , nor a drainage bill ; but it is all these put together—at least , tbe better part of all these . And it is much more besides .
_"Neither is it intended to suspend or discontinue the laws already in operation , how much soever the facilities created by them hare been abused or overdone . The law whieh places a Urge fund at the disposal of the landlords to expend in permanent improvements is to be still at their service . The drainage bills are to be consolidated into one rendered mom clear and efficient . Ths relief committees are still to remain in operation , tbe immediate payment of the rate rendering _tliose who administer it , and rind so great a portion ofthe funds , no doubt anxious to return as fnst as possible to a more normal and reproductive mode of employing the poor .
1 ' Bj another law , the action of the poorhouse will be put forward as a check to fling back the loiterer , who could find employ elsewhere , from burdening relief funds . Tbe workhouse and its test will be put ta operation in such districts as will admit _« f them , Hut nith the repulsive portion of the poor law will bo joined tbe truly charitable part , wbich is , that in all cases tbe inarm and tbe really destitute shall receive instant relief . For tbis purpose the warden of the poor in Ireland will be assigned the same duties as tbe overseer of the English
union . "Emigration will not be overlooked , and the means of it wisely provided . Not only will depots be formed at home , but active and beneficent preparations will be ma . e in the colonies , so as to ensure thoie who wish to emigrate against all the risks of the poor , unprovided , and ignorant emigrant . "The peculiarity , however , of the present plan of _emigration is , that it will be coupled with the choices of settlement at home ,
" A commission will be Issued for the purchase of waste lauds , which are to be enclosed , reclaimed , cultivated ; and then offered in no large lots for sale , with such facilities as will render them a premium for industry and frugality , and the foundation of a class of Irish yeomen . There is no one who has reflected upon Irish Anarchy , that has not desired the _extension both of the numbers and thu quality of Irish proprietors , For this purpose the _seil must be thrown open—not indeed given away to paupers , but offered as a reward and a prize to small capitals amassed by industry .
" The waste lands of Ireland , however , In the proportion in which they can be yearly reclaimed , offer but a narrow basis for a class of yeomen . If the waste lanos are uncultivated there are other lauds , not waste , that are but half cultivated , and which , in the hands ofthe poor , encumbered , embarassed landlord , are as profitless to the community us the bog or the heath . To render these more available , liberty will be given to sell entailed property . If reasons be required for so bold a step , they will bj found ample enough in such letters as that ofthe Marquis of Conyngham , who declares' that his estates are too encumbered for him to improve them , and this at a time when , as the Scotsman observes , the Blessingtou estates have been sold for 27 years ' purchase . The sale ot estates , however entailed by their owners to get rid of tbeir embarrassments , cannot fail to open the Irish soil to capital iu largo and in small masses . The yeomen will have tbeir share .
Now , we ask the impartial reader , if it is possible to read our letters to the Irish landlords without coming to the conclusion , to the irresistible conclusion , that an embarassed government hasibeen compelled to deal with its greatest "difficulty" upon the very principles , suggestions , and details recommended by an incarcerated rebel . In 1823 we were compelled to fly our couutry , for thirteen months , for having written a pamphlet recommending five measures for the correction of five Irish grievances ; and , in less than four years , the Saxon Parliament was compelled to admit the existence of those grievances , and to legislate for them , as recommended by thc outlaw . Hence , the " CLUSTER OF milG MEASURES " are " NOT BORROWED
FROM ANY OF THE POLITICAL MONOMANIACS OF THE DAY , " but they are a leaf stolen from the book of the OUTLAWED _INCARCERATED CHARTIST . > , _> - * , When the advocates of the large farm » ystem were thinning the agricultural population , aud driv , ing tbe healthy , mountaineers and Highlanders into loathsome cellars in unwholesome towns _. we averred that from north to south , from east to west , from
Ireland. Her Social And Political Prospe...
, __ _, , John O'Groatg to Land ' _s-end , fifty acres could no < be found lying together , cultivated to one-fifth part of their capability . We averred that the waste land s were but the cold meat in the larder , wbich shonld be reclaimed by capitalists employing hired labour , at a standard established in the free-labour market . We averred that the superior cultivation of our now slovenly cultivated soil , would require three times the amount of our present population .
We averred that famine , poverty , and distress would break down all the aristocratic barriers , with wliich oppression , monopoly , and tyranny , had fenced the uncultivated wilds of a new race of feudal upstarts . We averred that the Irish landlords , skulking their duty and neglecting their trust , would be compelled to surrender their estates to government management , for the establishment of a small proprietary class .
Wc averred that money should be generously and lavishly advanced for the accomplishment of this desirable object , showing that every million advanced , at an interest cheerfully paid , wonld leave a surplus of jE 20 , 000 per annum for payment of the necessary staff for carrying out the project ; and we estimated the amount at ONE HUNDRED MILLIONS ; thus at one and the same time creating an agricultural . capital of that amount , and leaving a residue of Two Millions per annum , to insure its fair and impartial expenditure , and the punctual payment ofthe interest .
Wc averred that if God ' s gift to man was too circumscribed to secure to each a nest and a labour field , that then , and not till then , we would acquiesce in the necessity of emigration . We averred that the Irish landlords would remain quiescent , sulky and resisting , until , in the hope of saving a part from famine and destitution , created by themselves , they would accept as a gratuity government interference , which , under other circumstances and in the plenitude of tlieir full blown power and audacity , they would resist to the death .
When we ventured upon these predictions there was no famine in the land , nor was the monster ou his perceptible march . Nay , at a more recent period , when the FULL-FISTED "Times" was cheering us in July and August last with such prospect of " hot rolls" and " cheap bread" as induced us to deal from hand to mouth with our muffin man and baker ; we answered with the present state o the poor-houses , which we predicted would he too small for thc applicants , and when the impetus to
be given to agriculture was fancifully pourtrayed by a scribbler in the garret , we predicted that total neglect of all agricultural pursuits , the verification of which has now become the daily subject of newspaper lamentation . "Oh , but , " says the "Economist , ' "this is begging the question , this is a forced straining of the principle ; this has been the result of famine not of Free Trade . " We answer , that if famine had not done it Free Trade was certain to have accomplished it , while , let the cause be what it may , we have foretold the event .
Again , when the several scribes were sending their cattle drovers all over the habitable globe , or predicting their non-existence , in a garret , pending the discussion upon Peel ' s Cattle Tariff in 1842 , we stood alone , reviled , contemned , and scoffed at in the House of Commons , when Mr . Wakley read our letter praying for a short respite till after Easter , and in which we predicted that the effect of the measure could not be felt until the close of the year 1846 , as no vote of the senate could _compel foreign cows to go to Bull , or foreign cattle to get fat , before a certain age .
We averred that cattle were commodity of which no nation had a surplus ; but that , the iich market being opened to the untaxed world , would very speedily be glutted with the encouraged produce . We averred , that everything which was a substitute for fresh meat would be a competitor against fresh meat . We averred , that a pound duty upon the horns of an untaxed foreign ox was nothing in comparison with the multifarious tax npon the horns of a homegrown beast .
We averred that the first experiment would be tried on old cows and plough oxen ; and when the " Chronicle" and the " Sun" childishly noticed the expense of transmission as a barrier to extensive commerce , we averred , that a new and extensive traffic would give rise to as extensive a competition in the means of new , improved , and cheap transit . We have lived to the close of 1846 . We are now writing , in the last hour of the last day , and we ask our contemptuous revilers to peruse the import lists of foreign food and live beasts , recently admitted by
the Tariff of 1842 , and say who were the fools , and who was prophet ? We shall close our article the last day of the last year of old time with the prediction , that Daniel O ' Connell will subscribe to every Whig measure which guarantees government patronage , upon condition that he shall be the recipient and the dispenser of the lion ' s share ; that he will quarter his Young _Hannibals and Repeal
staff upon Ireland ' s young hope , in the hour of Ireland ' s apathy and increasing misery ; and that he will take shelter from the torrent of national indignation , which is sure io follow his treachery and treason , in a SAXON PEERAGE , while his emancipated countrymen , released from the trammels of his insolence , peculation , and ASSUMED PREJUDICES , will once more rise as a great nation , stronger for his deceit , and the more s . lf-relyimj for his treachery .
The American President's Message. We Bel...
THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE . We believe that it was the notorious Talleyrand who said !' speech was given to man to conceal , not express , his thoughts ; " so appears to think Mr . President Polk , for his enormous " Message" can only have been concocted for tbe purpose of making
" the worse appear the better reason , and hiding from the world the truth which must he evident enough to himself , that bis Government is engaged in a most atrocious war of aggression against a weak and injured sister state ; a war utterly opposed to those just and benevolent principles on which the United States Republic was professedly founded .
Seven mortal columns of the " Morning Chronicle " are occupied with that portion of the " Message " which is exclusively devoted to a justification of the Mexican war . Of course all through the dispute between the two Republics Mexico has been in the wrong . When did the strong fail to satisfy themselves of that when they desired the destruction of " the weak ? The English in India , the
Russians in Poland , and the French in Africa , have always been in the right , for they have been the victors , and " might makes right . " The United Slates follow iti the wake of the old despotisms ; superior force yields victory , and with all the "unblushing mendacity which Kings know so well how to employ , President Polk , the uncrowned , imitates his disreputable fellow-chieftains , aud employs falsehood and hypocrisy to justify pillage and murder .
Suppose all that President Polk says as to the indebtedness of Mexico to the United States merchants is true , does it become America to play the bully towards her unfortunate debtor ? We have never joined in the ,, senseless clamour ugaiist the United States respecting their " repudiations , " on " the contrary , we have defended the American people when they have repudiated debts which , without thwr consent , had been imposed upon them by trafficking politicians and scheming money-mongers , but we must say America should be tbe last nation
The American President's Message. We Bel...
on the / ace of the earth to make the non-payment | of debts , alleged tobe due to her by another na tion tbe _ground-work for ravaging her neighbour ' s u _* ritory with fire And sword . Debtors should not be duns , and Repuditttors should be mercifnl to those who cannot cash up . The Americans laid claim to between four and five millions of dollars against Mexico , the Mexieaa Commissioners acknowledged to two millions , but because this has not been paid President Polk plunges the country into a war , which can hardly fail to cost the Republic at least twenty times the
sum charged against Mexico . Is not this an imitation of the insanities and crimes of Kingship ? Whither is America tending ? President Polk ' s second plea ia that " the annexation of Texas to the United States constituted _nojuBt cause of _offanco to Mexico . " It appears to us that , of that Mexico must be the best judge ; but passing over that question , we come to the more immediate casus belli , the occupation of the territory between the Nueces and the Rio Grande del Norte . To say the least , this territory was "debateab ' , ground , " and the presumption is , that it was
Mexican and not Texan ground . The occupation of this territory wa 9 , therefore , an act of invasion on the part of the Americans , calculated , and , as we believe , intended , for the pnrpose of exciting the Mexicans to an outbreak . The scheme succeeded and then commenced the war of invasion > hich has thus far resulted in the addition to the Analo-American republic of an extent of territory excoedin " that of the " old thirteen" states of the Union ? But at what cost has this been effected ? At the
cost of millions of dollars and thousands of lives . Some of the murderous horrors of Monterey have been laid before our readers . Let us aid that one of the American officers writes from Monterey that '' decency and shame forbade him to mention what took place after the capture of that city !" See the " brilliant achievements" of these wretclies so proudly vaunted by President Polk J Well may Young America ask , -- *' Have Mr . Polk and lm advisers sisters and daughters ? . Have they hearts of ttesh and blood ?"
We have spoken of the pecuniary cost of this war to the United States . In July last the United States treasury had a surplus of nine millions of dollars ; every cent was long since expended , and a debt ol six millions has already been contracted ! This is not all ; the President demands the raisin * of a LOAN of _TWENTY-THREE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS ; and , further , an increase op iah . no : *! It is even said thai a TEA TAX is to be imposed ! Have the Americans so soon forgotten Boston Harbour and Bunker ' s Hill ? _Your-g America of December 5 th , published three days before the delivery of the President ' ssage , presents this war and taxes question in the following light : —
Only analjie the idea of sending our _unemployed _lacklaudersto be shot at and to kill women and children in Mexico , because that government owed money to a few rich speculators among us , who chose to venture their property on the ocean in time of war ! Will the expenses of this most villainous war be paid by a tariff tax or by a direct tax ! Will they be paid at all ! or will they be converted into a debt to saddle upoa us an army of pensioners ? Be advised , Mr . Polk » Your army have gained three victories , and have rioted almost to their hearts' eonttnt in blood and rapine ! Tou ean never withdraw tbem with a better grace than now ! Stop the war , or consign your memory to the execration of posterity !
This war against Mexico is " a war fer the ag . grandisement of party leaders , for the enrichment of land-speculators , and for the extension of every form of slavery , " therefore we denounce it _; therefore we condemn President Polk ' s " message . " But "Wait a little longer ;" the National Reformers will be in the ascendant ere long , and then we shall see the grand reckoning . In our seventh page will be found some very interesting accounts of the progress of this party . Their brief and simple "pledge" is of more im . portance thin President Polk ' s ten-column'd " message . " That " pledge" contains the germ of America ' s salvation , and mankind ' s final victory ever class-usurpation , political wrong and social in . justice .
Weekly Revibw. The Note Of Preparation F...
WEEKLY REVIBW . The note of preparation for the approaching Parliamentary campaign has been sounded by the leaders of the three great parties . Lord John Russell bas issued a circular to his supporters , requesting their attendance at the opening of the Session , as business of importance will be immediately proceeded with . Lord Stanley has formally taken up the position of leader of the Protectionist party , and has issued a circular to the members of tbat party who have seats in the House of Lords , expressing his
hope that their Lordships will give their attendanee at the commencement of the _Sessioi . This is the usual course adopted by the recognised leader of a party ; and the fact of Lord Stanley thus publicly coming forward , shows that the Protectionists are determined to fight a stout battle with an organised force . The Conservative party bave , it is said , also been summoned by circular , in a manner which would seem to imply that Sir Robert Peel intends to take the field as a leader of the Opposition . Bui the Morning Post" states , that this circular is supposed to have emanated from Messrs . Young and
Cardwell , ex-Secretaries of the Treasury ; and , though purporting to be from Peel , that it has been put forth , not only without his consent , but without his knowledge . Indeed , the course which the ex-Premier will take is , at present , matter of great uncertainty . The " Chronicle" states , it is rumoured in well-informed circles , that Lord Lincoln will occupy the mo 3 t prominent place in the Opposition during the Session . If so , we conclude that it will be but temporary ; for we cannot imagine that at the age of fifty-eight , in the full possession of ripe experience and unimpaired vigour , Sir Robert intends to retire
into the seclusion of Drayton Manor , for the purpose of making improvements and planting cabbages all the remainder of his life . Perhaps this temporary concession of so permanent a place to a subaltern of his own party , and brief retirement for a i season of repose , may be part of a prudent and fore- ¦ seeing policy on the part of an astute states-man i By awaiting the subsidence of the troubled and fer menting elements of party , and leaving the cares of i government to confessedly inferior to himself as ]> r 3 C- v tical statesmen , at * a moment when , both at home and d abroad , our affairs require the most vigorous , compre- ! - hensive _. and decided policy , Sir Robert will teach the ie partizans of selfish and short-sighted leaders , what the ie
country at large is already fully convinced of , name !}'* * _- , that at present he is the only man capable of effect-1-ually grappling with the state of the country . A few ff conspicuous failures will render even these who are te now in power anxious to retire , and deter the dille- etante , sucking statesmen of the Protectionist party ty from aspiring to ofiice . Meanwhile , we understand nd that the Whigs intend to scramble through the he whole Session as quietly as they can , and to to raise no great question on which they mig ht be be defeated , if they can possibly avoid doing so . _OutliH readers are well aware of their love for place auuiiii pay , and this determination quite squares with _thetlif popular idea of their character .
Hue there is another party whose influence _htaha * to be taken into consideration in these _speculationson : as to the political future—TIIE PEOPLE-as con-ion _tra-distinguished from all mere sectional _organic _lisu _* tions . Atthe present moment it may he trutyutj though sadly , said , that the masses have but one : _re-s tf _presentative in that House , which , by a curio _« iio « misnomer ,, k called "the People ' s ; " ind ho « 0 V , «
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 2, 1847, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns3_02011847/page/4/