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RECEIPTS :QF,: THE HAT 10 N A L *AN D 0 ...
FOR COSTS OF MACNAMARA'S ACTION i7^i^ by...
SHIPWRECKS AXD LOSS OP LIFE. The Jupiter...
" tVEW Co-Or-ERATIVE SlOHES AT SHEERSHSS...
, ; - , « happy England:". CONTINUED PER...
"read; MaRK^learn, and inwardl*j '•" ; ¦...
JiattowU itmro (Company,
. DuKENFiBLp.—At a meeting of members, h...
THE CHARTIST LAND SCHEME. ; (From the Pr...
TO FEARGUS O'CONNOR, Esq., M.P. Esteemed...
TO THE .UNLOCATED MEMBERS OP THE NATIONA...
DEMOCRATIC FESTIVAL IN CARLISLE. A democ...
Loud Denman.—It is with very great satis...
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_3 _^ _Janu _^^
Receipts :Qf,: The Hat 10 N A L *An D 0 ...
RECEIPTS : QF _,: THE HAT 10 N A L _* AN D 0 8 M PA NY . POB IHK "WKEK ; EHDIKa ThBS 8 I _» A ? , "¦ " . ' " V JASDABT 3 , 1850 _i _, ; SHARES . Itewshmy .. 817 o CharlesHowl .. § 8 * Pmmestown .. 012 o : £ 9 17 e EXPENSE FUND . jfinniestown .. o 10 0 Sittinsbonrne .. -018 0 18 0 TOTALS . Land Fund ... ... ... 9 IT fi "Expense ditto ... ... " . ' . _' . 1 8 fl _£ ii _dl TV . "DlSOS _, C . _DOTtE " T . Clark , Cor . Sec . P . M'Ghath , Fin . See .
For Costs Of Macnamara's Action I7^I^ By...
FOR COSTS OF MACNAMARA ' S ACTION _i _7 _^ i _^ by _- _- _? _^ _'rG " _' _Oxford , per H . Green , tt : J Pickering . Salford , _4 d . J . Cook , ShWcliff Colliery _tt : J" _^' _;] i _rtuSe _& _rd . gate 1 by Hexham . 2 s . 6 d . ; a few _-fcendij _Toddington , per G . Wolriu , Ss . 2 < L ; a few-Chartists , Kircaldy , per J . Lessek _, 10 s . 64 . ; Mr . lHUson , lacester , 1 ' s . Cd . ; a Johnston and J . Henderson . Newcastle , per AL Jude , Is . ; Coantesthorpe . near Leicester , ? 5 / n Tp P _' j . < _Mtamston , Falkirk , per Stewart _M'Walters _. lL Is . _fetj il i , unaVj _Hidl , 10 s . Cd ., land Members , _AewtonMoor , Cheshire , per j . _Burgess , 3 _=. fewFnends _, South Stockton , per T . Walley , os . ; G . Payne and _afewFnendi Abingdon , 5 s . 9 . - Bromsgrove , per W . Bemher , 8 s . ; Bradford , lorkshire , Members , of Land Com"Pan _? : " _? e L : CjmndL 7 & . 2 _i ; _Nottingham , per J . Sweet , Ss . bd , ; _KqgluVy . per J . Wells and J . Smith , 3 _J . 13 s . Cd . -, _Bingley , per J . Stansfield and J . Lillv , 2 L- Sutton , per John Barrett , and T . Ingham , lCs . Cd . ; FarnbU ! per J .
, Green and J . Gawthorp , 10 s . ; BristoL per C . Clark , 3 s . 1 . a few friends to Justice , Southampton , per J . Itussel _' , ' 3 s . Sd . ; T . C Ingram , Abergavenny , Is . ; C . Beams , Abergavenny , Is . ; O . ilarrin , Abergavenny , 6 d . ; J . Hamox , Tredegar , Is . ; Loughborough , per J . Skivington _, lid . ; T . Jennings , Spcn , Is . ; W- Aked , Clechheaton , Cd . ; a Friend , Cleckheaton , 64 . ; J . Beaumont , Cleckheaton Cd . ; J "Wharton , Cleckheaton , Cd . ; VV . Lscey , Cleckheaton , Is .: Leicester , per \\ . Bradsworth , 12 s . ; W . _Uowe , Norfhwich , 2 s . ; Eccles , Land . Members , per IV . Gregory , Ts . ; James Wilson . Bacup , 3 s , ; Marvlebone aud _Paddington , per a Saunders , 2 s . ia . 5 G . _ElKgott , per G . Saunders , Cd . ; a few Chartists met at Mr , Griffs , AVolvernampton , perAV . _Tolman , 5 s . Gd . ; £ ve Democrats , _Dukenfield , 3 s . Gd .: Chartists , Greenwich and Deptford , per J . Bli » h , 2 s . Sd . Beceived _atlAxn Office . —three Brothers , Land Members . 5 s . —Total , 161 . ISs . 7 d .
FOR THE AGITATION OF THE CHARTER _HecelvedhyTT . Kideb . —BristoL per C . Clark , Is .
DEBT DUE TO THE PRINTER . Received by V . Kideb . —E . Todd , West Anckhind , Cd . ' FOR WIDOWS OF THE LATE MESSRS WILLIAMS AND SHARP . "Received " ay TT . Bides . —Wolverhampton , a few Char tists , met at Mr . Grins , per "W . _Foloian , Is . TO EXEMPT PRISONERS FROM OAKUM PICKING . Keceiveaby "W " . Bjoeb . —W . C . Barnsley , Cd . ; F . Toda , "WestAuckland , Cd . ; Job Hirst , Armitage-Bridge , near _HuddersSeld , 17 s . ; Proceeds of Raffle for Ladies" Mahogany Bed , 4 c , made and given by a working man , J . Turner , Park-gate , near _Rotheruam , per J . Slansfidd , 12 s . 6 d . ; Leicester , per TV . _Brfldsworffi , Cs . 4 d . ; James Wilson , Bacup , 3 s . ; W . Carlton , Darlington , per E . Stallwood , Is . > lteceive 4 at Lax » Office . —three Brothers , Land Mem"bers , 3 s . Beceived by Jons Abnott . —Fraternal Democrats , 10 s . ; Collected b y Fraternal Democrats , 10 s . ; jErnest Jones Locality , per Mr . Dickenson , 10 s . ; Collected at a Meeting ofthe Ernest Jones Locality , per Mr . Dickinson , 5 s . ; Balance in hand , from Mr . Bidex , If , Us . 3 d .: Mr . Eider , as per Star , HI Is . ii .
M ' DOUALL ' S TESTIMONIAL . Beceived by W . Bidee . —James Wilson , Bacup , 3 s . FOR WIVES AND FAMILIES CF VICTIMS . Beceived by W . _Bjdek . —A few Friends , South Stockton , per T . Walley , 5 s . ; D . Harper , Closer of the _Trize Bregue , West-end Boot and Shoe makers , p _* rJMessrs . Hunter and Dickenson , K : West-end Boot and Shoe makers , _bsiiig part proceeds ofthe Prize Brogue , per Messrs . Hunter and Dickenson . IL ; Mr . Smith , per Messrs . Hunter and Dickenson , Gd . ; Mr . T . Jukes , per Messrs . Uunter and Dickenson , 46 . ; Mr . Wri _^ ler , by Mi-. Holmes , per Messrs . Hunter and Dickenson , 6 U ; _Northampton Chartists , per J . EymilL 10 s . ; Bristol , iter C . Clark , 3 s . ; Carlisle , Collected at Democratic Festivah per J . Gilbertson . Cs . fid . ; W . Bowe , Korthwich , Is . ; Marylebone and L _' addiugton Chartist Association , per C . Saunders , Is . -
NATIONAL . VICTIM FUND . Received by Jon : r Aexott , ' Secretary , —Benjamin Wall , per S . Boonham , Is . ; _Digby Anns Locality , 12 s . ; Chartists of Greenwich and Deptford , per J . Bligh , 2 s . C . ; Mr . llidir , as per Star , 217 s . lOd .
Shipwrecks Axd Loss Op Life. The Jupiter...
SHIPWRECKS AXD LOSS OP LIFE . The Jupiter steam-packet ,-which brought home the last peninsular mail , met , on her outward voyage , on the 11 th ult ., a timber laden ship , arid which she attempted to tow into Vigo , but failed to do so on account of had weather . The ship was about 300 tons burden , and it was supposed , from a few letters remaining at her stern , that Richmond , Yirgini _;' , -was the name of her post of register . It -was suspected , from her appearance , that she had been beating about the Atlantic for several months , and had come from a long distance . . 2 Jot a vestige of a human being- was found on board , and she was stripped of even-thing portable , no doubt , by crews of various vessels that had fallen in with her . It is not usual for mail packets to attempt securing
Bach prizes when there is no human life to save , and admiralty agents , who dictate the movements of the packets , are prohibited from sharing in salvage money , to prevent their being interested in delaying mail packets under their charge ; but the abandoned ship offered such a serious obstruction to navigation , that it was deemed advisable to attempt to remove it . The Spanish and Portuguese authorities , on learning that there was an abandoned and loaded res-el on the track of vessels approaching their coast , sent out steamers in search of her . Thc recent mail from the United States brought tidings of the loss of another emigrant ship from Liverpool . The unfortunate vessel was the Sailor Prince , Captain _Al'Kachner , master , bound to New Orleans , aud at the time had upwards of four hundred persons on ho . _ird , of whom three hundred and
seventy-five were emigrants , men , women , and their children , the chief of whom were from the midland counties . The wreck took place on the night ofthe 1 st of 2 "brcmber , on a reef of rocks near the island of Caneum . The weather is reported to bave been hazy at the time , in the midst of which she got on the rocks , -where in a few hours she became a perfect loss . The crew , who acted with great _lumaniiy , contrived to land the whole of the emigrants on to tho island in safety , but there their _snSei'ings became frightful . little or no provisions were got out of the wreck , and an intense frost setting in played snch havoc amongst the unfortunate creatures , that within twenty-four hours no fewer than thirteen had perished . The ship was 700 tons burthen , and was insured to the amount of £ 9 , 800 .
The loss of the packet-ship Agnes was made known at Lloyd ' s , on the 28 th ult . She was bound to Bremen from _Xew York , with a general cargo and and fifty passengers . Off the coast of Texel she encountered heavy gale ? , which drove her ashore on that coast . Only seven of the passengers saved their lives , -73 also twelve of the crew . The remainder all met with a grave in the deep . Another wreck is reported in the AorUt British 2 hil . Information having been received that the wreck of a large vessel had come on shore near Samburgh Head Lighthouse , on the west side of the Shetland Isles , about thirty miles southward from Lerwick , the principal officer of that place , accompanied by another officer , proceeded there on the following morning , and ascertained from Mr .
Sutherland , Prussian Viee-Consul for Shetland , who bad taken charge of the wrecK , that it was the Prussian vessel Mechelet , from 300 to 400 tons register , _Tbllruhi , master , which vessel had sailed from Dantzic on the 5 th , for Portsmouth , with a cargo of oak planks and deals . Tiie vessel is a total wreck , and it is to be feared that tbo crew have all met with a watery grave , as the decks were found to be completely swept , and the poop deck , in which the cabin was situated , was almost entirely swept awayj not a single soul being found on board . Several -vessels have put in by stress of weather to various parts of the const , and the mail packet , which has recently arrived in Lerwick , had brought tbe only mails which had been received in Shetland for inwards of three weeks .
" Tvew Co-Or-Erative Slohes At Sheershss...
" tVEW _Co-Or-ERATIVE _SlOHES AT SHEERSHSS . —A meeting of the working classes , was lately held in the school-room , for thc purpose of establishing a co-operative store , and great excitement was manifested on the subject in consequence of the light weight aad inferior articles vended by some of tlie shopkeepers , but more particularly by the grocers , to the puhb ' c . The meeting was crowded , and hundreds were unable to obtain admission ; at least cue thousand persons were present . Mr . Thomas Bastard , a shipwright , was called to" the chair . After several persons had stated their grievances , setting forth the imposition and insolence of thc shopocracy , and _shewinsrthe _jroodand great effects
flowing from the stores established in other towns ; it was resoived : — "That a co-operative store be opened , and that a committee be formed , to pr e-J _?« ruies for the guidance of such stores . "— " That "" tore rooms be at once taken . "— " That , business _re commenced as early in the New Tear as possi-~ _£ ~ " That the societv be called Tbe _Anti-Mono-SwTS _7- Tbat " _"PPJication be made for its ento _W * an ( 1 " T 1 mt _^ heNortkcrn Starbe requested _cinmw _? noticc of _^ e proceedings , in its widely imSSfi l ? _- " 0 ne thousand shares were nigh _irTc _^^* 315011 _B P » and the working men are iV _^ S _? _" * _^ _^ snlt of _«««¦ _united _etforts . «» _SaSffi _. _^ _^ _tes that a friend of his « SSrSldf i 0 _Mnr so far a 8 t 0 s _P end aU Ws
" Tvew Co-Or-Erative Slohes At Sheershss...
TO _^ 'WORKING _CLASSES . " Words arethings _*; anda small drop of ink _^ _a n _ang-a-ke dew—upon a thought , produces ¦ _- ¦ _ww maKes thousands , perhaps millions , ' . _; . / r _™** . ' .. . ... . ' ' / . satis . . ..
, ; - , « Happy England:". Continued Per...
, ; - , « happy England : " . _CONTINUED PERSECUTIONi OF THE ¦ _" : " v FRENCH REPUBLICANS . Beother _Proletarians ; Permit me to direct your attention to the commencement in the Star of areproduction ofthe reports which have recently appeared in the Morning Chronicle , on the condition ofthe labouring anddestitute classes ofthe Agricultural , Mining , Manufacturing , and Metropolitan districts . The subject is one which may hereafter claim comment on my part ; for the present , I prefer to devote'the limited space I have at command to a brief review of certain illustrations of our " best possible social system" you will find reported in this week's paper .
At the very time that in mansion and hall the rich were holding their Christmas carousals , a miserable woman was being slowly starved to death by the Poor Law officials of Southampton . To add to the horrors of this case , the wretched being , one Elizabeth Biggs , -was ei ght months gone in the famil yway . She had . for some time been in the receipt of a loaf and a shilling a -week from the Guardians , hut had no other "known means of subsistence . Houseless and starving , she obtained an order for admission to the workhouse , but was not admitted . She appears to have passed part of a night in the"
trampreom ' —a place described as being without a fire or other means of engendering warmth '; and in wliich the wretched lodgers are supplied with one quilt only and some straw , which the humane relieving officer , one Edward Henry _Simmonds , considers " quite sufficient "for " a severely cold night . " No food , even on such a night , is given to the occupants of the "tramp-room , " To abridge a deplorable narrative , let it suffice to state that the poor creature , perishing-of cold and hunger , died at a miserable lodging-house . The surgeon who made tho post mortem examination , admitted that the deceased was starred to
death . He found the stomach inflated with gas , and containing three or four ounces of a bloody fluid , with a few crumbs of bread . The heart "had lost all' muscular substance ; it wasaU flaccid and flabby , and the walls of it collapsed , on being removed from the chest . Decomposition ofthe muscular system appears to have commenced while the victim was yet living . "On moderate pressure of the finger and thumb , it broke up , and appeared to
assume the consistence of jelly ! " It appears that when , on the day Elizabeth Biggs died , the humane lodging-house keeper took her some grnel and soup , and the dying woman attempted to swallow it , she was unable to do so . Hunger had conquered Nature . She died , and with her died her nnbora offspring —" afine healthy male child . " Happy for that child , he never was consciousof the mortal hell from which his wretched mother has found a happy release .
Of course , there was a Coroner ' s Inquest , to make a fuss and pretence of sympathy and virtuous indignation , when neither could avail the unfortunate victim . The _following verdict was returned : — . " "We find tbat the deceased died from starvation and exposure to the cold , and the want of the common necessaries of life ; and that there has been great and culpable neglect on the part of some of the officers connected with the administration of the Poor Laws . it Southampton , in not receiving the _dcceised into the workhouse , and providing for her proper lodging nnd nourishment on the nights of Friday and Saturday in last week ; but no sufficient evidence do ' Jt , appear _totlte said jury as to who are the parties actually blamcable . "
Of course not ! _Nobody is to blame when the poor are murdered , The Times—which , with aU its villany , usually affects friendship for the poor—applauds the above verdict , observing that it " will meet with the hearty concurrence of every person who reads the report of the investigation . ' " The Times is too fast . I have read the report , and I protest thattheverdicthas not my concurrence , inasmuch as it shirks thc grand question of the responsibility which it is evident must attach to some one or more , on account of thc death of Elizabeth Biggs—a question I will not shirk . I will not denounce Poor Law
officials ' merely- It would be useless to closely inquire into , and nicely weigh , the guilt of this or that particular officer . Let them be condemned , but let not others escape . I shall not beat about the bush , as is the wont of " better-to be-safe' ' patriots , and devote to censure " the system , " merely—I denounce those who profit by , and nphold that system , as the murderers of Elizabeth Biggs . Against all such an _^ honest jury would have returned a verdict of Wilfdl Murder .
Another poor woman , named Maet _Hunter , died last week , in Manchester , under circumstances of privation and neglect ; the account of which must make every feeling being enrse ihe inhuman wretches who administer the Poor Law in that tow n . "For several days , Mary Hunter was dying of an agonising complaint—suffering—perishing on the flagstones of a wretched " kitchen , '" with no bed —no bed-clothe 3—no adequate food—no medical attendance—although these were sought for at the hands of the persons supposed to
fill the office of protectors of the poor , by the kind woman with whom the deceased had sheltered—it would beamockcryto say " lodged . " The jury returned a verdict of " Died from inflammation ofthe lungs aggravated by exposure , & c . " The surgeon who made the post mortem examination , stated that the disease under which the deceased died would be produced by exposure to cold , and would , subsequently , be aggravated by the want of proper nourishment , and other comforts , Happilv , her sufferings are over .
"Were the cases of Elizabeth Biggs and Mary Huster , accidental and exceptional , one might lament the fate ofthe victims , without invoking the condemnation of existing society ; hut it is well known that such cases represent the extreme of suffering , towards which entire masses are constantly verging . Thousands , and tens of thousands , " die' so slowly , none dare call it murder ; '' but die , nevertheless _^ -gradually , butsm * el y— of misery , and misery-engendered diseases . Therefore am I justified in denouncing all those who profit by , and uphold the existingsystem , as guilty of
MURDER . - I observe that the precious scheme concocted by SrojfEY Herbert and other Aristocrats * forthe transportation of the London Needlewomen , is gaining ground . The majority of the journals give it their support—even the _Spectator a journal which should "be capable of taking a more honest and sensible course . The sentimental and sham-reform publications , such as Mrs . Loudon ' s Lady ' s Companion , ' Punch , & c ., & c , bolster up the scheme . ¦ ¦ Queen Victoria , Lord John Russell , and * Joseph Hume , give the scheme their support . At a meeting of thcMarylebonc Vestry , on Saturday last , it was resolved to sanction the formation of a Parochial
Association to aid the General Committee . In short , a grand conspiracy has been formed by the enemies of Labour , to thin the ranks of the " surplus population'' by transportation . I say " thin" the " surplus population / ' because the capitalists would be extremely sorry to see the extinction of competition in the labour market , as by the help of that competition they build up their colossal fortunes j and to have that competition , they must have a forced , " surplus " of labourersmaleanclfemalf . There is , however , daDger
, ; - , « Happy England:". Continued Per...
_Inutile " surplus" "beconung too . numerous , aJdd _^ cbnsequeritly , darigerbusto ;¦ " Property " and : _? . '" _QrclerV' _^ ' . _^ Hence , the _tbanspqexation dodge . The labour-suckers desireVtb have " a sufficient" surplus population" to _reriable tnem to dictate the amount of wages ; hut not so numerous as to inspire the wretched with . cbur _^ ge . at the sight of their own numbers ; an inspiration , which , if once felt , would , lead tb a catastrophe in ' _thisqouptry far more ! terrible than any which , in 1848 , caused the flight of Kings , - and the subversion of thrones and dynasties . To secure themselves against all chances of a popular _explosion is . the grand aim of those who—commencing with the Needle-woman- —aim at getting rid of the " dangerous classes'' hy transportation .
' The Morning Chronicle , advocating this transportation scheme , has the assurance to assert that " the high-born , the titled , and the wealthy ( including Royalty itself ) , are constantly watching for opportunities of safely and permanently ameliorating the condition of the poor : that they are prone . to do too much rather than too little : and that their errors ( if they err ) are all on the nobler side—on the side of generous impulse , chivalrous self-sacrifice , benevolence , religion , and humanity . " The enormous falsehood contained in this
statement must be transparent to every one . i bo far from heing desirous to ameliorate the condition of the poor , the high-horn , the titled , and tlie wealthy are the creators of poverty . But for their idleness and rapacity , there would he no poor . The enormous sums lavished on "barbaric" Royalty and the locusts of the State Church , would suffice to redeem the needlewomen , and thousandsmore , frommisery , without , subjecting them to transportation . The assertion that the errors ofthe high-born , tlie titled , and the wealthy , arc " all onthe side of generous impulse , chivalrous
self-sacrifice , " benevolence , religion , and humanity , ' certainly deserves the credit due to Falsehood ' s audacity . . The Chronicle insolently observes , that " beggars mustn't be choosers ; " adding " We sec no harshness or want of feeling in telling those who are unable to maintain themselves , that "wc cannot give them sufficient employment or adequate relief at home , without disturbing the course of regular industry , and gradually absorbing all the resources ofthe country ; but that we are willing to carry them to a land where they may secure a comfortable subsistence by their own exertions . " This is monstrous . The " resources
of the country" belong , by fact and by right , to the poor . The' grand resources of a country are—Land , Labour , and Capital . . Land is , by right , the people ' s ; and is only by wrong the possession of those who are not " beggars , " but brigands . Labour is emphatically the people ' s ; and capital is the produce of Labour , and , of right , belongs to the people . Let the people insist on the
restoration of the Land to its legitimate owners , and the appropriation of surplus capital to the putting in motion of surplus labour ; there will then be found no necessity for transportation , unless , indeed , to transport the true " surplus population "—the "high-born'' beggars—who have " registered a vow in heaven , " never to perform a day ' s honest work for their own sustenance .
_BriOTHEit Proletarians , I request -your careful perusal of the following statement , correcting an erroneous report on French affairs , which appeared in a late number ofthe Star—a report -which was taken from one of our infamous daily papers interested in calumniating the bravo French Democrats . In a late number of the Star it was stated that one of the insurgents of June , 1 S 48 , transported to Belle Isle , had been killed in an affray with the military . This was erroneous . The _Vbi ' a ! du Pcuple ofthe 22 nd ult ., contains along letter , signed by eighteen ofthe comrades of the deceased , proving that he was really and intentionally murdered hy the brutaliscd military , who play the part of gaolers over these heroic but unfortunate working
men . - . ; . - The Minister of Justice having stated in the Legislative Assembly , that all but those ' convicts who formerly had been convicted for some nonpolitical misdemeanour , had received their pardon , thero arose great agitation among the transported of June . For not only were the great majority of those retained at EcUe Isle—never before tried or convicted for any offence not political—but , on the contrary , many of those that have been convicted for such offences , have been liberated . The colonelcomreander and his gaolers took advantage of this agitation to provoke disturbances . Threats
( with ill _treatment ) of all sorts were addressed to the prisoners . A few whom the chief gaoler intended to send to thc black hole , refused to follow him . The military were then called in ; : six hundred men , and several pieces of cannon . The colonel asked if the prisoners would surrender up those who refused to obey ? " We are no informers , " was the answer . The soldiers were ordered to attack these disarmed prisoners with the bayonet . The convicts retired to their barracks . The very moment thc door was opened to the military , a lieutenant dangerously wounded one of the prisoners . Kext day , ( the 12 _& 1 ' of December ) , the military
appeared again , and took into custody several of the prisoners , part of whom had nothing at all to do with the matter . "If these are guilty , we are so too , and will go with them to the citadel , " shouted the rest . But the soldiers presented tlieir bayonets , and even fired upon , those who tried to go along with their friends , As soon as the military and their prisoners had quitted the barracks , the latter were maltreated in every manner ; beaten with the buttends of the guns , pricked with the bayonets , & c One of them , Francois Leiris , a working man from Paris , tried to keep off from his body a bayonet thrust at him , when instantly two officers struck him with their swords , one over the arm and the
other over the back ; ono soldier _pioreod his side with the bayonet , and another fired his gun at him . The hall lodged in his bowels , he fell down , and in five minutes he was dead . The murderer wiped his gun , and heating upon his cartridge hag , paid , " There is still more of them , if wanted I" -.. Such is the " honest and moderate' ! , system of revenge upon those heroic champions of tho . working men ' s rights , whose immortal valour , in combating during five days a tenfold stronger army , ought to have taught French soldiers to respect them I But when tlie day of settling accounts comes , the working men of France will not have forgotten the murder of _Frangois Leiris .
For the above statement I am indebted to a valued friend , well versed in French affairs . Not a man of those whom I address but will join me in mourning the fato of the Martyr Francois Leikis , and giving expression to curses both loud and deep on his murderers . From intelligence received this week , it appears that 200 ofthe so-called " mutinous " prisoners are to be taken from Belle Isle , and subjected to worse torture , by heing placed on board pontoons in the roads of L'Orient . May the day of retribution come quickly .
At Melun , fifteen Democrats , occupying the position of professor * , editors , corporate officers , & c , charged With having participated in the affairs of the 13 th of June , after seven months' imprisonment have been brought to trial , and acquitted . This is the twenty-fifth acquittal of persons accused of having been engaged in the affair of June . Undoubtedly Ledru Rollin , and his ' compatriots ,-would also have been acquitted , had they not been tried by an exceptional , prejudiced , and persecuting tribunal .
The -work of displacing Republicans and appointing Royalists to fill the offices of Mavor , Deputy Mayor , & c , is being vigourously carried on . Bravo ! The more dismissals , the more revolutionists ! The French Ministers , partly defeated on the La _Tlata question , have been again defeated on thequestion of giving to the 1 refects the power of dismissing tho National . Schoolmasters . On a motion of " urgency a considerable-number ofthe Legitimists voted with the Mountain ; tlie result was a tie , the numbers being on each side 312 . The victory is -with the Mountain . The majority ot Ordermongers are . at daggers drawn . Should they dagger each other ,. such a calamit y would not break the heart of : . ; \\ . L'AMI DU PEUPLE . _.-. January 3 , 1850 ,
"Read; Mark^Learn, And Inwardl*J '•" ; ¦...
" read ; MaRK _^ learn , and inwardl * j '•" ; ¦ ; ¦ ; ¦ ¦; - - ' ¦ '" - _^ _y--DK 3 ESr _¥ _^ ' —'• ' ! 7 _^ 7 ; ;;; _•^ _FlffiEDOM F _^ 5 _p _^ _MttHONS . ; ' ( Freemen of England , : _reao ! the following glorious announcement—your new year's gift — _-presentedib y the Daily News : — - ; -: " : ., " TnE _SnEFriELb'FiiEBHOL ' D Land _SoniEt _^ -r-Tiie first purchaseof land- to fee offered in lots to the memhers of this sociew _, has this week been miide . The land is situated a Crooks , and about a mile and a half from tne centre otthe town . It consists of two fields adjoining the tanyard , and having a _frontace to SchbolJane . and comprises
* trifle-less than il ,- acres . It has been ' bought for _i' 700 . It is proposed to divide it into from 30 to 35 lots . ' so that the cost to each allottee will be from £ 20 to £ 23 . The land , however , will bo impvoved by the making of a road , and by draining , essential preliminaries to its convenient and healthy occupation , which . wiR . materially enhance the value . ; It is expected that the purchases by " . the members ot their allotments will be completed before , tlie 81 st January , so that sueh of them as may bs in a position to pay the purchase ' money at ' onco . without requiring a loan trom the society , will be able to claim to be registered as freeholders next July" . ¦¦ _i .. .. ¦ .
What say you to . that ;?; ¦ . Each man to have half _ofaquarterof an acre of ground , thirtyfive to be located upon , four acres ' and a half , a mileahd . a half distant from the town , each proprietor to pay 231 . besides legal expenses , for a half quarter of an acre , or twenty rods - _^ that _? i « ri 84 i _* . an acre , while the poor , pitied dupes , holding under tlie Land Company , . cannot pay 4 / ., per cent , . interest upon land purchased . at an average of 38 / . per acre , with house in the centre—land cultivated—loads of manure put _bmV-aid . money g iven _^—loans advanced- —arid ino . i _' _ent demanded for two years ' and , aliaif ? l Qh _. l he jpyfnl ye Sheffield blades , for verily your state of luxurious happiness verifies . the old adage " THAT ONE MAN _MA-Y STEAL A HORSEr WHILE ANOTHER '' DARE NOT LOOK' OVER THE WALL . " ! - _% * ,
Jiattowu Itmro (Company,
_JiattowU itmro ( Company ,
. Dukenfiblp.—At A Meeting Of Members, H...
. DuKENFiBLp . —At a meeting of members , held on the : 30 th . ult ., the following resolution was unanimously agreed . to : — "That we approve of Mr . O'Connor ' s treatment of the several allottees who refuse to pay their . ' rents and who have acted so basely towards that gentleman , ' We are of opinion that every available , means should be taken to remove them from their present position , and to make way for honest men . We . offer our sympathy to Mr . O'Connor , and assure him that we have the utmost confidence in his discretion and honesty . " - ( Signed ) John _Odebcx , Chairman .
The Chartist Land Scheme. ; (From The Pr...
THE CHARTIST LAND SCHEME . ; ( From the Pr « stonJbiirnaL ) ; TO THE EDITOR OP TnE GOAKDrAN . Sin—I presume that , as an impartial journalist , having allowed unlimited sway to' thc slanderous attacks of an anonymous writer , ( who ' had the effrontery to shelter himself behind the mask ' of an honoured and respected name ) you will hot deny me the liberty of exposing to your readers in all their hideousness , ' the aspersions and insinuations' which this arrogant calumniator has not hesitated to shoot from his slanderous shaft . Hitherto , my object has been to defend the honour and character of a gentleman , unfairly and unjustly assailed . I have produced the clearest evidence to disprove the
charges contained in the first letter of ' Andrew Marvel ; " arid- have" repeatedly asked for proof in support of the truth of those charges , and what proof has been produced ? His only answer has been , more misrepresentation , more calumny , more abuse . I admit that he may have been led into error by other parties , hut an honourable man would have admitted _liia error , mid made that restitution which tho feelings of a gentleman would have taught him was due to an injured-character . Did I say " genT tlcman ?' ¦ heaven forgive me , —Andrew Marvel calls himself an " operative . " ! An operative indeed ! In the name of my order , I claim the right to repudiate . anj connexion with such an individual . He appears to possess neither the
plain straightforwardness of an English operative , nor those fine and elevated feelings which are the characteristic of an English gentleman .. His own conduct proves that he belongs to that class who fester upon the sores of society , and attempt to establish their own reputation upon the ruin of others ; and I leave it to the discrimination of a discerning public to judge whether tho conclusions I have drawn are unjust , or the language too strong for the occasion . He stands , by his own silence , a convicted slanderer . I ask for proof of the charges he had made , and he was bound to produce thenvahd to refute what I advanced , or forfeit his . credit for veracity . He'has every advantage , and I ' 'have every disadvantage ; he is
unknown , I give myname ; he has at his back all the prejudices and support of the wealthy portion of tho community , backed by the united press of the kingdom , with few exceptions ; and though my object lias merely been to defend an injured character , I have : to do it at the risk of incurring the displeasuro of tho power ho has at his command , and probably ; if I state my own convictions , I shall de denied tlie _privilege of refuting his calumnies . My unscrupulous ' antagonist has not the courage togive ; his name ; but lie is wise ; he feels the advantage of his mask , —it has saved many a man from public scorn . But in justice to the public it may be as well to analyse ' the last production of " Andrew Marvel , " and it shall be done as briefly as possib ' ¦
In answer to the first paragraph in " Andrew ' s " letter , I beg to say that the parties located by ballot have paid into the funds of the company £ 2 lOs ; for a two acre allotment , £ 3 18 s . for a tliree acre allotment , and £ 5 4 s . for a four acre allotment , and for this sum they have received ( as an instance , a four acre allottee ) four acres of landj a good house , £ 30 ai . _L money , and their land cultivated , and according . to " Andrew Marvel's " letter £ 0 ah acre ' -since—that is £ 20 : total cash received , £ 50 , arid yet he asks me to'disprove the heartless cruelty of Mi' . O'Connor to these men , some of whom were taken from the workhouse , and others had taken the money which had been given for the purpose of enabling them to live till their crops were ready , and spent it in what think you , sir * —in paying the debts they had- contracted in
the paradise from-which O'Connor had seduced them . But "Andrew Marvel" says—'" . O'Connor demands two and ahalf years' rent , or ho will eject them . " I deny the truth of this statement ; it is entirely false , and the writer knows it ; For proof , read the following from his own letter ; it is said to bean extract of a letter from Mr . How . It says , — "If I rob my children , and pay- rent charge £ 7 10 s . in cash ,- deduct from produco will leave me £ 4 lis . to ' keep my family seven months . " In his first letter he said Mr . O'Connor demanded £ 4310 s . rent : in his last letter he demands two and a half years' rent , and now the truth comes out , that thc only rent charge asked is £ 7 10 s ., at Lowbands , for four acres , - & c . ' 'Out of his own - mouth " he ; is convicted , and the public must draw ; their own conclusions . _^ ' ¦' - ' . _- '• ' ' . - •'
But again , in another " fact" of "Andrew ' s "' he makes Smith say "that Mr O . 'Connor is charging £ 4 an acre more for land than any other landowner in the district . " How will the public square this £ 4 an acre , that is £ 10 for four acros ? 13 y his own showing tho rent at Lowbands is £ 7 10 s , —( query , for how long ? ¦) - I say for half a year . Perhaps the landowners in that ' district give the farmers , the land for nothing , and one pound per year to take it off their hands , besides giving them £ 30 or £ 50 . for a start . If it be so , they arc generous fellows ; , but I have given you a-sample of the sack of " . Andrew ' s "facts . ' _- . _.- ;• ¦ '' -.- ; . "'
: With respect to the extract trom the Oxford paper _. my answer to "Andrew . '" will apply with equal force _tp tho conclusions drawn in the latter part of the paragraph . - But some' may ask , why these parties refuse to pay rent ? I will give a reason , which I defy any one to contradict . Many of the allottees , relying upon the advice of a lawyer , and _| trusting to-the support ofthe public press ( which experience has taught them _? in anything , however unjust , would lend its assistance to destroy the Land Company ) , -have banded themselves together for the purpose of robbing tho poor uulo . catcd members of the money which bad purchased the estates ; thinking ihat rather than incur the odium of enforcing-the rent by legal proceedings , they would tamely submit to anything , and as a
proot ofwh . it I have stated , I give you the following : —The complaining party before the magistrates at Witney was a man named Beattie , an old soldier . Ho has £ 18 a year as a pension ; ho has four acres of an allotment ; he has to pay £ 12 per year as a rent charge ; he has received £ 30 aid money ; ho has let three acres without the house to an agricultural labourer for £ 13 a year , making him pay each half-year " in advance , "—thus having a cottage , an acre of ground , and £ 30 , with £ 1 a year rent profit , for nothing ; and this is one of the injured men ! Poor fellow ! I will give you-a few extracts from
a letter written by an allottee at Minster Lovel , named T . Clarke . It is addressed to his son , dated November 25 th , 1849—a two-acre man—and I only wisli it had been possible to have given you all this man's letter , but I have already exceeded what I intended . He says : — '' A lawyer in' Witney is very good to us , he gives us his advice free , and says he will do all inhis power for us . " Again , "I do not intend to sell anymore of the crop , if lean help it . I am going to send two porkers up to London this week , and then I shall have more , stock to eat , the crop .: I have been obliged to throw to ; the : dunghill what would have kept more stock-rail I want * is ,
The Chartist Land Scheme. ; (From The Pr...
more stock , and that I hope soon' to have . The cowslips are ' in full blow in front of my" oastle V' . what-a' particular mild season ! ; M y _^^ farm looks beautifully green , iike the middle _sof summer . That gentleman tnat _^ called ' . _^ _^ 6 n . you I do not . know ,. ho came with others to see the estate . They came to see my lot ; they ' said I hail p lenty to keep two cows . " He concludes in these words—" These castles " are our own , without paying . " I trust I have given siifficientto . show the sort , of men the company has . to contend with ' . 'I will now trouble you with two extracts from an' article in- the Daily News ' of December 19 , which will prove from the pen of an enemy the position of somo of these men . It says , speaking of O'Connorville— " There was a man from Wigan , in Lancashire , who had been a otmntand
cotton spinner , who has a two acre alle ,- his family consists of himself , his wifo , and three grown-up sons . Their land shows the . power of labour , for he had good crops of potatoes and wheat , and be hoped , if the potatoes remained free from disease , to be able from the produce of this year s crop to buy a cow . This man and his wife were shrewd and industrious . ' They had erected some useful out-houses with lime and flint , and had both flowers and fruit in front of their cottage . Their neighbours said they , had " * ¦ improved their circumstances sih ' co their location : The man had for nftccn year ' s been subject to a cough ; which _genorally prevented him from factory work foi- two or three months in the winter , so thathis original condition was probably low enough , bnt since he had settled on his allotment he had entirely lost his cough and looked hale and happy . " Acain , " There is a man is
from Northampton , , who , being acripple ,: obliged to hire labour for the cultivation of his two acre allotment , but being possessed ofa cow and sonie pigs , which his wife manages well , and working also at his trade as a shoemaker , he is reputed' to be the most prosperous man in the settlement ; : ' ' Sir , I have now proved , first , that the last production of " Andrew Marvel " is based on falsehood , and that it bears ' within itself its own refutation ; secondly , that the directors of the company , in enforcing rent by legal proceedings ; are' only protecting the poor unlocated members from being defrauded by men whom gratitude ought to have made the guardians ot the company ' s interest ; and , thirdly , that men who , from their peculiar position , were the most unlikely to succeed , are enabled to make a living uron two acres of land , and that their health , condition , and prospects have been improved by it .
1 trust , sir , ( hat I am no wild enthusiast—no bigot . _T have read somewhere that it is almost as criminal to hear a worthy man traduced , without attempting his justification , as to be the author of theoalumny against him | and Heave it for an enlightened public to judge whether the arguments that havo been advanced , and tho facts that have been stated , have not justified the course which has been taken . The directors ofthe company are its servants , responsible to tho members for tl eir _ftTJi-y act . Thoy aro the natural protectors of its property , and I publicly thank them , as a member , for the course they have taken in protecting its interests , and trust that no calumnly _, no abuse , no intimidation , will deter them from performing their duties according to justice aud equity . I remain , sir , vours , & c , Preston , Dec . 24 th , 1849 . " James Brown .
To Feargus O'Connor, Esq., M.P. Esteemed...
TO FEARGUS O'CONNOR , Esq ., M . P . Esteemed Friend;— -We , the undersigned allottees and holders of paid-up shares in the Land Company , at Charterville , Minster Lovel , beg to address you in the language of truth and sincerity . We regret that thero should be any of the allottees to doubt-your integrity . - Your persecution for the cause of our order , the sacrifice of health , wealth , and time , to endeavour to make us politically and socially , free surely ought to be a sufficient guarantee . In you , sir , we havo tho greatest confidence ; we prefer you to be our landlord during your life to any mortgagee or even trustees . We trust that we ' shall not suffer through the ingratitude of
others . We owe to you an everlasting debt of gratitude . We owe to the unlocated members your demands—it is but justice that We should assist you in placing them on the Land . Although there arc some hard cases here—their Land being more difficult to cultivate than others—yet all should make an acknowledgment to pay in the shortest possible time . We were sorry to see in tho Star of Dec . 22 nd , a letter from Mr . Clark , one of the allottees , in which he says Mr . Beattie told Mr . M'Grath , at a meeting , that we had no faith in you—neither would we acknowledge you as landlord—the we does not include us—we do acknowledge you to be our benefactor . We could wish that those localities that have been written to by somo of the allottees
and the Press , too ( their new friends ) would send some persons to call upon the allottees to ascertain the . correct amount of their produce , and what they have earned by work done off their Lirad , then thoy may judge _wliethor you deserve sueh abuse fov doing your best to p lace them in such castles . Go on noble sir , in the work of human redemptionheed not the ungrateful , whom we trust will vet see their errors , is the prayer of Your faithful Allottees , „ ,, Charles Willis , William Chandler , George Car' ; " . ' _' . ' . tcr , John Bennett , Benjamin Jackson , Clms _, 1 " Ireland , John Wilkins , William Hoy , Wm . Neal , Benjamin _Nundy , Thomas Wyatt , Wm . Smith , —No . 2 , Two Acres . '
To The .Unlocated Members Op The Nationa...
TO THE . UNLOCATED MEMBERS OP THE NATIONAL LAND COMPANY . Friends , —We , the undersigned allottees upon the Snig ' s End estate , having read the several resolutions passed in the various localities in which the course taken by Mr . O'Connor and the directors , relative to the allottees refusing to pay rent , has been commended , and at tho same time , censuring in strong language , their unjustifiable and dishonest conduct ; and having also read Mr . O'Conh ' or ' s . inswers to the charges preferred against him by them , beg-to-state most respectfully and sincerely , that we have not been parties to the wholesale attacks made upon that gentleman , neither
have we joined them in their attempts to set aside Mr . O ' Connor ' s rig ht to act as the . Company ' s landlord , in seeking a portion ofthe rent justly duo by the allottees to him ; on the contrary , some amongst us have honournblyj and openly in public meeting-assembled , raised _outvoices against what we ' conceived to bo an unfair , reprehensible , and much to be deplored line of policy—a policy which , if-permitted to have full sway , would end in the subversion of those rights and interests , for which tho'Conipany was instituted . In order to prove our position , we shall fairly state to yOu the ground upon which- ! wo are sorry
to say a large majority of tho allottees upon this estate , 'founded tlieir objections to paying rent to Mr . O'Connor . In the first place they . assert , that according to the original rules ofthe Company , each allottee was to have a deed of conveyance according to writ ; he was to pay tho interest " of the capital expended in purchase of his allotment , and when he could redeem it , he of course became the bona fide proprietor ; hut now lie is called upon to pay rent to Mr . O'Connor as landlord , thereby acknowledging himself as his tenant , and consequently , preventing him in future from purchasing , his allotment out and out .
• It is quite true , that in one of the clauses of thc original rules it was laid down , that each allottee was to pay six per _ccnti forthe first eight 3 ' -two pounds ten shillings expended upon his allotment , and five per cent , upon the additional outlay . . . ' But it is equally . true , that in October , ISIS , a Conference of delegates , who set in the Odd Follows'Ilall , Birmingham , rescinded that clause , and substituted in its stead a rent charge of 4 per cent . That Conference was : tho reflex of the Company's mind , / and especially appointed to alter or amend the mles where it was found necessary so to do . For many weeks prior to the . sitting of the Conference the subject of upon what principles aro the rents of the Company's estates to be regulated in future , was publicly announced in tho Northern Star by the Directors , and it was one of tho most
prominentscctions in the programme submitted to the deliberation : of that body .-. .,- Every member of the Company was fully aware ; or ought to have been , of this : important change in tho principle upon which in future the rents were to ho based , but more especially thc allottees , _whoivore more immediately , intrusted , and if tho amended clauso was so obnoxious as it now . appears to be to the majority upon this estate , they ought at that time to have raised objections against it , or to have instructed their delegate to do so , as there . was ono there to represent their interest . , _Weai-o : not , however , cognisant that any objectionwas offered at that time ; no , it was reserved ' until tho period , when Mr . O ' . Connor , as the authorised agent of the Company , called upon them to pay a small portion of tho rent due bv them .
We regret , as much as any individuals can do , the circumstances wliich caused tho alteration in question , but we were not ignorant of the fact , nor are we _insousible to another ; namely , that in consequence thc rent is lessened by at least 1 } per cent . Wo would respectfully submit , that whet her the rent was to be paid as interest upon the capital expended , or simply as rent generally so . called , that each allottee must bo aware that he could not expect to live and enjoy tho benefit of his holding , without paying what ho knew was to bo the per contage ; for , certainly , no reasonable individual would for a moment suppose , that be ' eauso he paid £ 5 4 s ., £ 318 s ., or £ 2 12 s ., ho was to have , for nothing more , property that probably cost the respective siwns of £ 300 , £ 260 , or d 6220 . It is quite' perceptible , from what we have stated above , that if the principle attempted to bo carried into , effect by the : refractory allottees ; was submitted to by the Directors , there would bo ah end to the
To The .Unlocated Members Op The Nationa...
object for-which the Company , was . first called into existence by its founder . . We are well , awaro _^ hat some of the allottees , " wbb how . object to pay rent , have let' portions of their , allotments , and have rigidly exacted from those persons ' : the amount for whichthey agreed to let . One , ih ' particular , sent in the bailiffs . to , distrain for Half a year ' s rent _^ and , the person so distrained was obliged to pay _thoj-cnt and costs , otherwise his goods would have been sold by public auction . -We do riot complain of such persons enfoi ; cirig their claims , hut . we ; thin " i-they act very inconsistently when they oppose ' : tbe Company adopting , the same course towards themselves . Friends , as we aro anxious ;> to -retain . _^ possession of our allotments , believing , as Iwo _, do , . that with industry arid economy we shall bo enabled to realise a comfortable independence , and as
some of lis have paid from twenty to ei g hty pounds for the right of possession ; and , in addition , being determined to act honourably as the Company ' s servants ; we therefore , in conjunction with our brethren of . Dodford , believe that it is essentially necessary that the directors do , as soon . a 3 convenient , value each of our . allotments , and give us a written agreement , stating therein , what . in future will bo the annual amount of rental we shall have to pay . We do not desire this course to be adopted because our . confidence is in the least . 'diminished in Mr . O'Connor and his brother directors , but , _becauso wo wish to have that security in case of accident , which would prevent any party , or parties , taking undue advantage of us ; this security would make glad our . hearts , arid give us increased encouragement to use pur every energy to improve our respective farms to the greatest possible
extent . In conclusion , we earnestly hope that our brother allottees , who" have , up to this time placed themselves in direct opposition to our principles , and policy , may speedily see the _previous errors they have committed , .. We . subscribe ourselves , respectfully , yours , . Henry Cuningham , George Guy , Christopher Doyle , William Blackford , Joseph Smith , John Moody , John Willis , Esther Elizabeth : Willis . ; . ..
Democratic Festival In Carlisle. A Democ...
DEMOCRATIC FESTIVAL IN CARLISLE . A democratic festival was held at the house of Mr . Clarkson , Royal Oak Inn , on Christmas day . The largo room was tastefully and elegantly decorated with _evergreens , flags , mottos , Ac ., and the walls , were ornamented with numerous portraits ; amongst ,: which were ¦ ¦ F . O'Connor , Esq ., Ml P ., Ernest Jones ; Esq ., Frost , Williams , and Jones , S . O'Brien , Esq ., T . F . Meagher , Esq ., John Mitchel , Esq ., Robert Emmetfc _, _Eaq _., _Kossuth , Bern ,
Dembinski , and othernoWe patriots . . Dinner was placed on the table at four o ' clock , and the large tables were closely packed from end to end ; after the cloth was removed , and arrangements made for increased accommodation , a considerable number of females were introduced , and by their gaiety and cheerfulness contributed much to the hilarity and enthusiasm of the meeting . Mr . Thomas Roney , M . C . C ., was called upon to preside ; and Mr . John Gilbertson , sec , to the CO ., to fill the vice-chair .
The . Chairman , in opening the business , said : his name was attached to the " _fii'st toast whieh was : " The People—the legitimate source of all wealth . " After a few introductory remarks , he observed that the toast was not a new one , but there were contained within it so many great truths that it could not be too often repeated and established . It was a a . truth which could not fail to inspire every man of thought with atrue sense of his own importance and greatness ; and one which must infuse into him a knowledge of his wrongs and the great injustice and fraud of which he was made the victim . To find that labour is the only source of wealth , they need- but view the vast production with which the world teemed . It was not the mere surface of the
earth upon which the people produced wealth , but far above andfar below—from the deep mine to the highest pinnacle of architectural skill . . He hoped and longed for the time when the substance and truth of the toast would be acknowledged all . over the world . . _> -. ' , Mr . John O'Neill proposed the nest toast " Success to the institutions for the diffusion of knowledge among the working classes . " He was a member oi a local institute which came into existence about the 10 th of April , when the glorious meeting was to be held on Bennington Common ; the intense interest of which caused himself and a
few more to co-operate for the purchase of a daily paper . Since that time they had taken a room , and now mustered 300 members , with a library of 500 volumes . That society was strictly confined to _werking men , other classes being prohibited . They had also schoolrooms for the education of the young , whereby it was hoped that an enlightened generation would take the place ofthe present one , when it had ceased to exist . The toast was drunk anr . dst loud applause . Mr . James Wall rose to propose the next toast . " Democracy , jnay it triumph over kingcraft and aristocracy , and _revise all the expectations of a great people . " Mr . Wall said , if we , as a people , have superior , powers to other nations , those powers
are merely made to produce a greater amount of luxury and undue influence for the few , and not to benefit those who possess such powers . Such a state of things as this is not consistent with democracy . Democracy demands that a people should have such an amount of power as they " are capable of using for their own benefit and interest . Democracy demands liberty and justice to , the utmost extent that human penetration and reason can establish it . . If democracy was established and held by a great people , the sources from whence tyranny derives its influence would cease to exist—man would have an amount of power placed in his hands
whereby he would further his own interests , and obtain a just portion of the wealth and produce ofthe nation to which he contributed by his labour and industry . Mr . Wall , after a lengthy speech , resumed his seat amidst great applause . Song— " Liberty by the vice-Chairman . " Mr .. Daniel Mason proposed the next toast" The patriots of France , Germany , Italy , Hungary and Poland . " Tho speaker gave a graphic desscription of the movement in France , Rome , and Hungary , and was frequently cheered in the course of _liis eloquent and powerful speech .. Tho toast was received with loud applause .
" Tell's address to liberty- " —Mr . T . Irving . Mr . Joseph Sxiitu proposed , ' . ' The martyrs of England and Scotland . " If tho working classes of Great Britain owed a debt to any public men , it was most surely to those noble creatures who had suffered death and persecution , for boldly , honestly , and perseveringly advocating their cause and , their rights . It would be too great a task for him to enumerate all the noble martyrs to . the cause of democracy ; but he could not pass by some of those who were now suffering . ¦ He alluded to those men whoin the glorious 184 Shad fired with the enthusiasm of liberty ; those men , who left the comforts and happiness , of their homes and family , tor the stormy and dangerous sea of political strife ... Such men were Cuft ' ey , Fages , and those who suffered , and were transported with them . There were also Sharp and then Williams , who had suffered . tho
penalty of death in prison . And where were now their Ernest Jones , M'Douall , and other ex-patriots ? , He called upon the meeting- to think of thorn and their sufferings . It was the duty of all friends of humanity fosiipport their wives and children ; for surely , even the enemies of those noble martyrs could never say that the sins ofthe father should be vented on his wife and children . After an eloquent address , ho concluded by , calling upon the meeting to drink to the health of those martyrs now suffering , and to the memory . of those who have died in the cause . Song , " The Chartist Exiles , " by Mr . J . Mason . Mr . PeterI _' _maiher , in an excellent speech , proposed the next toast : " The Irish patriots of 184 S , may they live to see tho regeneration of their unhappy country . " The toast was received with enthusiasm .
Song : " The Exile of Erin " —Mr . Joseph Smith . The Vice-Ciiairmax then rose to propose " The health of F . O'Connor , Esq ., M . P . ; Julian Harney , Esq . ; and other friends of the people . " 11 © felt confident that the health of such devoted friends to the peoplo would be drank with enthusiasm . All frionds of democracy owed a debt of gratitude to those men , who had struggled with honesty and perseverance in order to obtain politioal power for the people , and that struggle they had maintained in spite of the calumny and conspiracies , of the enemies of freodom . Tho men he had alluded to were not the only men included in the toast . It would be vain for him to attempt to describe tbe virtues of them . He was certain they all occupied ii place in the heart of every man present . After a few minor toasts had been disposed of the proceedings terminated .
Loud Denman.—It Is With Very Great Satis...
Loud Denman . —It is with very great satisfaction that wo aro enabled , authoritatively , to contradict the paragraphs which are going the round of the papers , respecting the health of Lord Denman and his retirement from the bench . His lordship has heen for somo timo past at his country residence , Stoney Middlcton _, in this county , where tho salubrious air of the Derbyshire lulls has contributed , along with rest from nis high and arduous duties , nearly to restore him to his wonted health and
strongth ; and from whence it is expected his'lordship will return in the spring to that seat which he has so long filled with honour to himself and to his country . —Derbyshire Courier . Thomas Moobe . — The poet is in the enjoyment ot good health , pbvsical and intellectual , at his cottage at Sloperton , takes his daily walks along tho terrace which borders his pretty- garden , and drives as usual each day in a small pony carriage -he is not living in more than the ordinary retirement in whichhe has passed ' the , last seven ; or . eight years ot hwlife , ' ¦ ' ¦ - ¦ ¦ •' A
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 5, 1850, page 5, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns3_05011850/page/5/