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i THE N6KTHMN STAR. , ^ , , Jatojkto, ig...
XllJi CoMlUG SESSION. ;*
ME NORTHERN STAR SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1847.
THE TRANSFER. It may be, and appears to ...
JOHN WEST. We give insertion in agpther ...
POLAND AND GREECE. The Legislative Assem...
WEEKLY REVIEW. The political world prese...
President Polk has been playing some cur...
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I The N6kthmn Star. , ^ , , Jatojkto, Ig...
i THE N 6 KTHMN STAR . , _^ , , _Jatojkto , _ig _^ , * * . - .... ¦ ' __^^ r _****** _"il __^__ jL ___ _**^' L _ l _____**** _' _*^^
Xllji Comlug Session. ;*
XllJi _CoMlUG SESSION . ;*
OK MONDAY EVENING , JAN . 18 , 18 * 7 , A PUBLIC DINNER . WILL TAKB MJiCB IX THB * _UROB BOOM OP THE WIIITE CONDUIT-HOUSE TAVERN , PENTONVLLE , I * Hoxon of thb _I-Eonrt PARLIAMENT ARY LEADER , T . S . D U N C O M B E , erun witt wp PRF _* _* _-E _\* T ON THE OCCASION , and exp lain to the Meeting the course whieh he intends to _™ ™ fa _JSrX-e 5 ? h « _rSbUcQn « _fio " which must occupy the attention of Parliament during the approaching _Session . __^__—«—_«_____
DOUGL AS JERROLD'S WEEKLY NEWSPAPER . _Enlaiowkkt ov One Thib » on thi Miitin * _tz Par . liakekt . lu _order to giva ampler _spnee for all the News of the Week , including the Debate * in _Farlbluuient—The _UUcellaneo-is _Occuneuces—Law and Police Reports—Public Meetings—Forei gn Intelligence- * Literature—Correspondence—a * , well ut for Original an . l various New Serial Articles , the Proprietor hag determined to _enla'Rt the Paper to the uimust limit allowed by the Stamp Law , and to add one third , or 21 column * , ¦ Baking in tha _whole Thiny . two P » ges , or Nine-ty-tix Columns , thu « rendering it equal to tha Fullest and Largest Newspaper in the extent and variety ofits N _: _tv » of the Week , and f till retaining the large * pace heretofore devoted to Original Articles by the Editor , and hi * Eminent Literary Colleagues . Price ( aa heretofore ) Sixpence . Order ol _aUNewsmen , Town or Country , from whom detailed Prospectuses can be had .
PRICE THREEPENCE . THE DAILY NEWS , London Morning Newspaper , in Time for the Morning Mails .
Now ready . Price _OaeShilUsg . THK _SKCOilD E » ITI _» . N «* MY LIFE . OR OUR SOCIAL STATE , Pun I
CIIAB . TIST POEMS , BY ERSEST JONES . Pria Three Rente . _FOUBTH BDiriON , _EEVI-. ED AND _COBKECrKD-. Replete with the fire : « _f genius , aud poetic powers ofthe verv highest order , fur eloquence and _destructive power , they appear , to us , al ; no » t _anrivalitd . We say " _destructive , " for their tendency is " worse than Democratic . "New Quarterly Rtr _' tic _.-f Tory . ) These poems hava earned far their author the admiration of _tlwusauds . They may ba _ciasssed together as stirring _anel truly _jiaetical appeals , which must command the response of the mighty multitude . —Northern Star . These poems mav very appropriately ba styled the _outpouriii" * of a _seul inspired by a < _* er » ut lov » for labours cause . " and intent on the achievement of tlie emancipation of industry . The poetry will come heme willpower to mauv a car _* _.-w .. rn heart , _produea an influence on tiie mind ofiuillions , and do iu part towards keeping _aiive the flame of hopes iu the souls of the toiling . _—Nottingham RecUa .
IMPORTANT TO MINERS . PROSPECTUS or TUB MINERS' ADVOCATE AND MANX INTELLIGENCER . To be published every Fortnight , and delivered free by post _threiu-jhuut the United Kingdyiu and the British Colonies . Edited Br Ms . _Wiuiau Di . niels THE above _VerU-d ' ieal will _re-appear early iu 184 : 7 , in its original furm aud siz :, viz ., 16 pages royal octavo , price as usual , lid . It uill in future be printed in Douglas . Ule of Man , and will be published ( fortnightly ) in the abKve form , until a sufficient number are printed to complete a Volume of the late series ( twelve numbers having already been pub ished . after which , should it meet the wishes ol' the Miners generally , it will appear weekly , as a general Newspaper .
LITHOGRAPHIC _ENGRAVINGS OP THB DUNCOMBE TE STIMONIAL . MAY still be had at the Offieo of Messrs . M'Gowa . v and f _s ., 16 , Great Windmill Street , Haymarket , _f . ondoii ; through any respectable bookseller in town or _country ; or at any of the agents of the Northern Star . The _' engravingison a large scale , is executed in the no » t _fiaisbed style , is finely printed an tinted paper , and ives a minute description of the Testimonial , and has _e Iuscription , Ac _. ic , engraved upon it . PRICE FOURPENCE .
NEW EDITION OF THOM'S POEMS . Just P ublished , RHYMES ASD RECOLLECTIONS OP A HAND LOOM WEAVER . i _n-u- _? -V . r . - _- LI , U 77 THoMfLateof InverurvJ . A Third Edition , Post 8 vo ., with Portrait , Cloth , Gilt , I nee 4 _> . An Edition m Demy , on fine paper , Cloth , Gilt Letter and Portrait , 7 s . Cd . « - * - _» , London ; Smith , Elder and Co _* 65 , _CornhiU ; and to be Shad of aU BookseUers .
TO TAILORS . LONDON tnd PARIS FASHIONS FOR THE WINTER , _I 84 _C-47 . Bjr READ and Co ., 12 , _Hart-street , Bloomsbury square , London ; Aud G . _Berge-r , HolywoU-street , Strand ; M ey Ve had of all booksellers , _wheresoever residing . WOW _BEADV , Oy approbation of her Majesty Queen Victoria , and JJhis Royal Highness Prince Albert , a splindidprint coloured and
IMPORTANT TO _PHOTOGRAPHISTS . AN application was made on th * 32 nd Sipt-jiber , to the _Yice-Chani-ellor of England , by Jlr . Beard who , acting under a luostextraordiuy _dslusi _^ _oonsidera himseif the sole patentee of _th-j Photographic - . - _K-ess !) to restrain MR . ESERTON , of I , _Teinple-stree-c _, aad I 4 S , Fleet-street , rom taking Photographic Porti . i . is , which ho does by a process entirely diflVrsBt froe and rery superior t » Mr . Beard ' s , and at one-half the ol . rge . His Honour refused the application in tots . N o lie-eusa required to practice this _praeesg , which is hiu ght by Mr . Egertou in a iVw lessons at a moderate "barge . All the _Apparatus , Chemicals , ire , to lis had as usual ithis Drt ' _nt . ! , Ttnuple-streiit , ¦ V'hitefriars .
DOMESTIC MONITOR . On Saturday , January the 2 nd , was published , price One Penny . No . IV . of THE DOMESTIC MONITOR , Or Literary , Scientific , Legal , and Medical Adviser , Edited by _Uvrines . Contents—1 . Louis Philippe . 2 . Don Rodrigo , the Forbidden Wtddiug _, chaptar 4 . The Nosegay , Poelrr , Anecdotes , Miseellavy , People ' s Corner . Accumulation of Capital , the Plethora of Wealib . _Ctrrespundence on Scientific , Literary , Legal , aud Medical Subjrcts . Medical Adviser . Practical Observation on Consumption . 8 . Legal Adviser . 9 . Domestic Herbal . The Fifth Number of tbe _Menitor will b * published on Saturday , January ISth , to be continued weekly . _PeiblUhedby E . Uackanzie , 111 , FieetStieet , and tobe hud nf ai ] _Boii ' _iseilera and Newsreader * . Letters to be addressed , pott -Mid , " Ilermes , 31 , Tonbridge Place . New Road .
A GOOD FIT WARRANTED . \ T thegrcat western emporium , 1 , aud 2 , Oxford-street , jfk . Ubsdell and Co ., practical tailors , are now making a _beautiful suit of superfine black for £ 3 lus any size ; splendid waterproof over coats made to order for i ! 9 s each j and youths superfine suits for 24 s . Thc above house is the dicapest and best in London , for black cloths of _everydescriptioti , ns may be seen by several London daily papess of Just July , September , and November . 3 d Omnibuses to and from the City , stop at the establishmtdit every minute ofthe day .
_NATIONAL LAND AND BUILDING ASSOCIATIONS . Central Office , No . 2 , Bartlett ' s Buildings , _Helbora Hill , Loudon . A special uie « ting ofthe members will bt held o » an early day , ( of which each member will have due notice ' , for the purpose of examining into and rebutting the e-alui'ineous misrepresentations contained ia au _adrer . tisemeiit , signed T . W . Muskett , when that person will bu invited to attend , and substantiate his charges . Mean _, time further _infonnatioii will be found in Thb _Common _, weal . No . 19 , which will be issued early next week , price twopence , stamped copies threepence , to be obtained at tha chief oflice of the Af i _* 9 « ation . __
THEATRE ROYAL MARYLEBONE . _riOrBlKTOB , MB . LOVIUDOI . LESSEE , MB " . J 0 II 1 * _DOUOLASS , " HARLEQUIN AND THE SPIRIT OF THE MOON " Is the most SUCCESSFUL PANTOMIME ever produced-Its popularity rapidly increases on each successive representation . Thirty New and Beautiful Scenes by Messrs . G . H . Bell and J . Neville . _nn _. nn _TTT-Tr-WTTf XVW 1 _T JUVENILE WEEK
RIGHTS OF INDUSTRY . On Monday . Tuesday , and Friday evenings , January 11 th , 12 th , and 15 th . \ l & . JAMES BRONTERRE O'BRIEN , A . M . will lecture at the Literary Institution , John Street , Fitzroy-squaro . Subject : ' The only effective means of banishing crime and poverty from soeiety without violence or wrong to any _cUss ; and of establishing the liberties and happiness of the people upon a safe and durable basis . " In tho course of his lectures , Mr . O'Brien will fully explain the system of laws upon Land , Cubbenct , Credit and Exchanges , demanded by the real political and social reformers ofthe country and advocated in the " National Reformer Newspaper . " N . B . Friday ' s _mseling will be devoted to discussion to wbich all parties are invited . Admission . Hall 2 d . Gallery 3 d . The chair will be taken at half-past eight o ' clock each evening .
Now Publislring in Weekly Numbers , Price One Penny . THE CO-OPERATOR . A Journal of Social , Moral , aud Edbcatiosal SC 1 ENCK . This work , which is published in Supe-Royal Octavo _, furnishes weekly reports of every movement going forward in _tb * ' country of a co-operative character with original articles on education , and all social and mora questions involving the interests and happiness of the people . Published by S . 0 . Coixitre , _ndy-vell Street , Strand . Also Publishing in Weekly Numbers , and Monthly Parts THE FAMILY JOURNAL . Beautifully illustrated , as large and elegantly got up as Chambers' Journal , price One Penny , containing a variety of original romances , tales , and literary , and scientific Essays . C _Dj-fPLR , Holywell Street , Strand .
Now Ready , a New Edition of MR . O'CONNOR'S WORK ON SMALL FARMS To be had at the _Northern Star Office , 16 , Great Wind mill Street ; and of ) Abel Heywood , Manchester .
JUST PUBLISHED , No . 1 , ( price 6 d . ) af THE LABOURER , A Monthly _Mapazine of Politics , Literature , Poetry , in Edited by _Feabqos O'Connor , Esq ., and _Essebt _Joneu , Esq ., ( Barristers-at-Law . ) contents of no . i . 1 . A Christmas Carol , by Ernest Jones . 2 . New Year * Greeting . 8 . The Insurrections ofthe Working Classes . 4 . Ireland . 5 . The State of Parties . G . The Romance of a People . 7 . The Trades' Unions . 8 . Tbe Land and the Charter .
SPECIMENS OF THE O'CONNORVILLE PLATE Are now ready , and may be had on application . Country Agents are requested to eommunicate the name of some London bookseller , by means of whom they may be enclosed * By so doing the expense of postage is saved , and , what is of much more consequence , the specimens run much less risk of damage in their transit .
Me Northern Star Saturday, January 9, 1847.
ME NORTHERN STAR SATURDAY , JANUARY 9 , 1847 .
The Transfer. It May Be, And Appears To ...
THE TRANSFER . It may be , and appears to be , that the working portion of the community has not yet seen the effect that a total change in the views , prospects , calling , and speculations of the governing and heretofore dominant class is likely to have upon society —nor is it wonderful that that class should be slow in discovering a fact which does not appear to have struck THEIR SUPERIORS . In contrasting tbe position of the new TRADE LORD with that formerly occupied but now surrendered by the OLD LANDLORD , and in discussing the motives by
which the latter \ vas | actuated , and the means at his disposal for good or evil , we have invariably contended , tbat , if inclined , he bad it not in his power to use the same active oppression towards those depending upon him , whether as tenants or labourers , that is possessed by his new and successful rival . The landlord who oppresses his tenant , is the EXCEPTION , the trade lord who coerces his overseer—who represents the tenant—is the RULE . If the landlord oppresses his labourer , he pays for his act in the shape of increased poor-rates and local
exposure ; if the trade lord oppresses his labourer , he imposes no increased burden upon himself , and is rather an object of class approval , than of local reprobation . Tbe tenant of the landlord has some tenure , either by agreement or FAMILY custom to which pride and honour binds the lessor ; the overseer of the trade lord has no tenure beyond the recommendation of tyranny . The house of the labourer of the landlord is as the ivy-shoot , that grows and twines around the old BARONIAL HALL ; his parish is his location , and , if driven from his hovel , he takes refuge in the BARONIAL
SERVANTS' HALL . The labourer of the TRADE LORD is as the exotic , imported for the owner ' s convenience , and removed from the conservatory when withered or unheeded ; no refuge from the mill of his capricious roaster . Hence it is clear that the interest of the labourer inclined him to a preference for the responsible jover the irresponsible master , while , strange to say , thc whole tendency of recent legislation has gone to convert the landlord class into a community of active speculators , likely , in future ,
to be actuated by the very same motives that have influenced the trading class . There is scarcely a landlord , or LANDLADY , in England who has not _abandoned the cold comfort of four per cent , secured on old rentals , for the _prospecj of seven , eight , nine , and ten per cent , promised upon railway or other speculations . There are few who , like the Irish landlords , have not sacrificed a portion < f their legitimate control over their estates and tbeir clients , tothe Jew jobber and mortgagee , to secure the means of trafficking in the luring market of
speculation ; and thus , while Sir Robert Peel waa truly telling the world that thc science of agriculture was only in its infancy , thej landlords , the natural guardians of the infant , were abandoning the guardianship of their ward to the tender mercies ol STEP FATHERS , who have no interest in its wellbeing beyond the security of four par cent , upon the money advanced , and thus it requires but moderate foresight to predict , that the neglect and laches of the Saxon landorld will , at no distant period , lead to precisely the same results that similar causes are producing in Ireland .
The straightened speculating landlord will speedily lose all interest in the well-being of his mortgaged tenant ; the tenant will naturall y abandon the bourer to hisfate ; poor rates , destitution , and want ,
The Transfer. It May Be, And Appears To ...
will increase in proportion to the tenant ' s inability to pay , the landlord will become a confirmed Malthusian economist , not satisfied with ten nor yet twelve hours' infant work , if infant sweat is necessary to oil the wheels of speculation . It is right the people should be prepared for a change which is sure to come , and it is prudent that the landlords
should understand the penalty . To be " fore-warned is to be fore-armed , " and we apprise the English landlords as , in vain , we apprised their Celtish brethren , that thc inevitable result of the iion-performance of natural and social duties will be the demand for the restoration of ( he land to its legitimate purposes , and a more just application of the soil to the daily increasing wants of society .
The land has not the tenuity of Indian rubber , it cannot be expanded beyond its fixed and immoveable boundaries and mearings , and , therefore , its better application 'to our growing wants can only be secured by a better system of cultivation , and which can only be secured by the more immediate and permanent interest of the occupant who tills it for his own sole use , behoof , and benefit . The great
value of knowledge upon a social question , especially one only bounded by the confines of earth , is , that when the political mind would be otherwise at sea , and divided between , or distracted , by contending jugglers , of which artful men might take advantage , the social change demanded with one national accord , becomes the rallying point of public opinion and the bulwark of tbe national forces .
Our warning to the landlords , then , is , that FREE TRADE meant , and means , and is , REVOLUTION , and when the next struggle comes it will be FOR THE LAND , for what excited public opinion may please to offer for it , while now it may be restored to its natural and legitimate purposes in the retail market at what the proprietors , in justice , or even in FANCY , may please to demand . England can boast of no more than _THIRTY-TWO THOUSAND |
landed proprietors ; their monopoly , and INCONVENIENT DIVISION and HARSH CONDITIONS PRESSING HARDLY UPON THE MEANS OF SUBSISTENCE ; while France , with not more tnan double England ' s population , can boast of FOUR MILLION proprietors ; a change forced by a bloody and sanguinary revolution , and from such and it ? horrors GOOD LORD DELIVER US ; a consequence , however , which our mad aristocracy are sure to bring upon their devoted heads , if , like their Irish brethren , they close their eyes to the signs of the times , and , clodpole-like , refuse to read the HAND-WRITING ON THE WALL" RESTORE OF FORFEIT . "
John West. We Give Insertion In Agpther ...
JOHN WEST . We give insertion in agpther column to a letter addressed to the Chartist Executive , and the Executive ' s response thereto , from which it will be seen that the Chartists of Macclesfield suggest the raising of funds to present Mr . John West withatestiraonial of respect for his long and valuable services in the cause of Democracy . It will also be seen that the members of the Executive have given this suggestion the stamp of their approbation , in terms which reflect honour upon them as well as Mr . West . We ,
too , must record our approval of the scheme , and must express our thanks to the Macelesfield men for bringing this question before the democratic public . If ever there was a man who " deserved well of his country , " that man is John West . In the dark hour , when persecution had consigned the majority of our good and clever men to dungeons and silence , and when _humbugs and shams traversed the land , roaring for " cheapbread" to mislead the masses from the pursuit of their rights , John West manfully came forward and met the jugglers , teeth to teeth . His admirable speech on Corn-Law Repeal , first published , we believe , in the Champion , and
copied into this journal , called attention to his extraordinary abilities , and led to the Chartists persuading him to leave his home to work for them in the public arena . To our certain knowledge that step was a fatal one for friend West , as far as domestic comforts wero concerned ; but as regards popularity , he at once won " golden opinions" from the Chartist body . Our Sheffield friends well remember when he first visited their town ( we have not forgotten it ) and " how he came , he saw , and conquered" all hearts . Of all the men who ever battled with the Free Trade humbugs , John West was the " man of men" whom they most feared to encounter . He never flinched
whether knave or tyrant was the foe . On his trial at Derby on a trumped-up _^ charge of sedition , he played tbe part ofa fearless patriot , and his manliness and ability extorted compliments from bis judge and accusers . We have known John West not only in public but in private life—but few can have known him bettor , and knowing him well _. we pronounce him " every inch" a man . His late seclusion from public life bus been a sore misfortune to the cause of progress . Surely with agitations for a National Petition , a National Co-operative Land plan , and Trades' schemes of regeneration , public employment
might have been found for such a man . We know nothing of Mr . West's present wants and wishes , it is tho people we are considering , for they are the sufferers wanting his advocacy of their claims . The proposition to present a national testimonial to John West has our cardial approbation . If the middleclass subscribe their thousands [ for Cobden , surely the working classes will give their pounds , their shillings , and their pence , to a man who is infinitely greater than Cobden . Let the Macclesfield friends mature their plan and lay it before the country ; it shall have our hearty support .
Poland And Greece. The Legislative Assem...
POLAND AND GREECE . The Legislative Assemblies of Great Britain and France are about to assemble , when the recent confiscation of Cracow cannot fail to excite earnest discussions , and Palmerston and Guizot will have to tax their ingenuity to find answers to the queries they are sure to be troubled with . In good time comes a new subject to add to the difficulties besetting the present order of things . A plot has been re vealed which shows Austria to be actively engaged in preparing for new-born Greeoo tho fate of Poland .
Metternich , by the pens of his wretched tools , has attempted to justify the seizure of Cracow . The manifesto of the Austrian Government , and the shameless , lying articles inthe " Augsburg Gazette " and " Austrian Observer , " all affect to speak of Cracow as an Austrian city restored to its rightful sovereign ; that the independence of Cracow was the Rift and sole work of the three protecting powers ; and tbat the dominions of the " three powers" were in constant danger from the revolutionary intrigues of which Cracow was the theatre . Such are the pretended reasons for the late act of robbery . But when was the wolf without plausible reasons for devouring the lamb ?
Metternich , in claiming Cracow from the year of the " third partition , " 1795 , forgets to remind the world tbat beforo 1795 there was a Poland to which Cracow belonged . He affects not to remember that Poland was a great and civilized nation wben Austria was a contemptible duchy , and Russia an _unor-.-anized land of savages . The princely robber has no recollection of who raised the siege of Vienna iu 1603 , when , but for John Sobieski , the fiery Turk would have worked as absolute ruin on the capital ofthe Kaisers , as ever was accomplished byMedeor Roman upon Babylon or Carthage .
It is true , that , in the first instance , the three powers bad agreed amongst themselves by treaty , that the independence of Cracow should be recognised in preference to its appropriation by either of them ; hut it is . also true that this agreement was subsequentl y ntroduced into the general compact of the fcHli ° l * _- e , _isi _*? , knoiijn fts the « treaty of Vienna , "
Poland And Greece. The Legislative Assem...
which treaty was signed by the representatives of England , France , Spain , Portugal , and Sweden , as well as by the representatives of Russia , Austria , and Prussia . Nothing is truer in history than the fact that the Republic of Cracow Was founded by the eight powers above named , and not merely by tbe usurping three . That the treaty itself proves . Bnt robbers never yet hesitated to be liars , and Metteinich is no exception to the rule .
It is true that tha _Cracorians have exhibited sympathy for their countrymen when engaged in the holy work of attempting the regeneration of their native land ; and for this Metternieh denounces them as " men without conscience , " and guilty of " ingratitude" to their " benevolent" and "compassionate" " protectors I" Through the Austrian Observer , Metternich relates in horrific terms , that "in the course of ten years , no less than eight political murders bavo been committed in tbe streets of Cracow ; " adding , in the same breath , that " three of the _viclims were recalled to life by the merest accident !"
The five who did not get their recall are named , and it appears were political spies employed by Metternich to entrap victims for his dungeons and hia daggers . The wretches well earned their fate ; it is only to be _regretted tbat so few of their tribe meet their deserts . Metternich affects a holy horror at " political murders" (!) and this the man who commanded the Gallician massacres ! This hoary plotter against thc freedem and happiness of mankind after covenanting with ruffians to torture and butcher men , women , and children to the number of many hundreds , is awfully shocked that any of his Judas tools should have got their quietus in return for their treachery . Perhaps Metternich believes that " Princes are privileged to kill ,
And numbers sanctify tbe crime . " If so , old as he is , we hope he will yet be taught another lesson . \ Hardly has the robbery of Cracow heen consummated , when we find the spoiler busy at work in preparing a like doom for Greece . Thc glorious land , for whose redemption so much blood was shed , is to be Polandisedl The people whose heroic struggles awoke the sympathies of all civilized nations , and commanded the aid of the noblest of earth ' s sons—our own Byron amongst the numberare to become the bond slaves of _Sarmatia's
murderers ! It was the misfortune of Greece that , after she had achieved her independence , she was _interfered with , and compelled to submit herself to , a booby brute chosen for her king by the despotic g- - _vernments of Europe . The mischievous idiot Otho has been the curse of Greece from the hour he set foot upon her soil . After a . long career of falsehood and treachery , he was compelled by a sudden and glorious revolution , to forswear his insufferable despotism , and assent to the establishment of a constitution . The people , merciful in their might , forgave the past , and contented themselves with
binding Otbo to govern constitutionally for the future . But king ' s vows are like dicer ' s oaths , regarded with as much fidelity ; as a matter , of course , therefore , this precious compound of despot and fool bas followed the usual kinglyjrule , and unceasingly plotted against the Constitution he swore to uphold . By thc aid of that unscrupulous traitor Coletti , Otho has contrived to render the constitution a dead letter . The consequence has been , and is , military rule , insecurity of life and property , and a state of things bordering on general anarchy . This , it appears , is made the pretext for Austrian interference .
Austria proposes to abolish by force thc new constitution and instead to give the Greeks a form of Government similar to that of Bavaria and other German states . In order to effect this , eight thousand troops are to enter Greece and remain there for ten years . These troops to be reinforced by some additional thousands , if necessary . It is said that the British Government is determined not to permit tbis intervention . We shall
see . But whatever part the Government of this country may take , we trust the Greeks will not hesitate as to the part they should take in the event ' of an Austrian force attempting to eater their country . Better that Greece should become a desert , or once more Welcome back her Mussulman tyrantB than bow submissive to the slaves of the blood-stained Metternich . Poland is no more ; Switzerland , Italy and Greece are menaced with the like fate ; and Guizot and Palmerston " protest" ! Metternich has thrown down the gauntlet ; he has avowed that force is the only law of right acknowledged by Austria . Good . It is " the beginning of the end !"
Weekly Review. The Political World Prese...
WEEKLY REVIEW . The political world presents no new feature for comment . There is , in fact , a lull just before com . mencing action , though the respective parties are busy enough mustering their respective forces and deciding on their different courses previous to meeting in the fray . It is said that the rumoured ministerial measures for ameliorating the condition of Ire _' and will meet with the most determined opposition from the ultra section of the Conservative
party , and also that Lord Stanley ' s acceptance of the leadership of the Protectionist peers is to be ascribed to an apprehension entertained by him , and shared in hy them , that Lord John Russell contemplates the introduction of sweeping measures with reference to that country . We shall see in a few days whether any of these rumours are correct or not , but in the meantime we can only say with regard to any great measures from the Whigs , in the words of the old saw , " Blessed are they who expect nothing , for they shall not be disappointed . ' We , at all events , are determined to jbc on the safe side , and , if surprised at all , are certain to be so agreeably .
The same silence continues to be maintained by the ministerial press as to the Cabinet programme or the approaching Session , as we noticed last week . Is it because ministers have not yet agreed upon it ? There can be no doubt upon one subject , however , and that is , that , treat it as they may , the condition of Ireland is the first question which our Legislators must take up . There are symptoms that the representatives of that country will present a somewhat united front to tbe House , inasmuch as
a meeting of the Irish Peers and Commoners is to be held in Dublin , a week before the meeting of Parliament , in order to form an Irish party and concert measures for the relief of the island . To this scheme it is said that even the Conservative members have given their assent , though the proposition in the first place emanated from Mr . Ralph ' Osborne , a Liberal . It is one hopeful sign in that unhappy land , where party distinctions and religious differences lead to so much personal bitterness and alienation , that , at this critical and important
juncture , raen are laying aside their old animosities and becoming willing to co-operate with each other for the good of tlieir common country . If they do this in good earnest , a glorious dawn will rise upon the present dark and stormy night of Irish misery . A nation cannot be made great by external assistance From its own inherent virtues , and the enterprise of its own people alone , can permanent and real
prosperity and greatness be evolved . England may help , but cannot create either . That must be done bv Irishmen alone . We shall watch anxiously and closely the beating of the Irish members . " "If thev are up to the mark they will not onl y carry English public opinion , sympathy , and support with them , but more effectually bring about the necessary change in the condition of their fellow-country men , than any other party . "But in order to do this , they must pursue a very different _noUcj ttam they have hitherto done . From
Weekly Review. The Political World Prese...
whatever causes it has arisen , a social revolut io " "¦ ' palpably and rapidly going on in Ireland , e _^ post brings more alarming and disastrous j _* , » ? gence . Symptoms of political _disorganizaiio-, '" frequent and increasing , Famine and pestilence a ' * always subversive of the settled arrangements society , and justly so , for they are incontestible in dications that these arrangements have outlived their utility , if they ever possessed any , and that _•• is time they were replaced by others more adeq uat to the wants , and more consonant with the interest
of the community . The wholesale destruction nf the potato crop has involved every elass of the Irish population in ruin . That simple but awful f act sufficient to show , that , if we would beaefit _lrela n l at all , she must be placed at the very commencement in such a position as , that the failure of a sin * - crop of one species of vegetable shall not be followed by such appalling and lamentable results , This cannot be done without the introduction of a nev element into the social economy of Ireland . _\*> see what the landlord and tenant system , as it w hitherto existed , can accomplish . If England is t „ give Ireland assistance , it should be given in such a
way as to leave the people m a more hopeful con dition than they were at its commencement . To give it for the purpose of propping up a bankrupt system of landlordism*—or merely to leave the landlord and tenant system as we found it , would be madness . We must abandon old theories of politi . cal economy , as well as old practices of political oppression . The reviving power of a new agent must be tried upon a body which the old medicinehave brought to death ' s dour . A new princi ple must be applied , in order to call forth new tenden . cies , create a new class , aud by such creation gene _, rate a host of new social influences in Ireland . In
the introduction of the principle of a proprietary tenantry , in conjunction with a real Poor Law , am a good system of Education , by which knowled ge would be brought to the door of all who desired it do we see alone a way out ofthe present difficulties of that unhappy country . On this side of the Channel there is little calling for notice . The advocates of the abolition of Capital
Punishments are t _just now somewhat actively agitating that question , with the view of making it a Parliamentary question during the ensuing Session . Messrs . Oastler and Ferrand having returned 'rom their Scotch tour of agitation on the Short Time Question , will , we understand , immediatel y agitate Lancashire on thc same subject . We hopt with such success that it will achieve a legislative triumph before the present Parliament is dissolved
In anticipation of that event the constituencies of several cities and towns are already engaged in the excitement of electioneering . Manchester has , for some weeks , been occupied by the rival claims of Lord Lincoln and John Bright . The Cotton Lords had set their hearts in the first place on Mr . Cobden , but from some mysterious cause or other they were thwarted in this object . The League Leader professed great attachment and gratitude to his Stockport constituency and refused the manufacturing metropolis of the world . We have heard other rei .
sons assigned , such as , that John Bright ' s ambition and his wealth , which latter enabled him to assist his quondam friend and _solleauue in a pecuniar way , and afterwards to make such assistance the means of inducing Cobden to decline standing and thus have the path clear for himself—such ia tht gossip . If it be true , however , Friend Bright reckoned without his host . A large and influential section of the Manchester Whigs won ' t have him it
any price , and , by way _^ of conciliating the support of the Conservative party , they invited Lord Lincoln to become a candidate , one of the ¦¦ young men" who , as was facetiously and aptly said by Mr . Duncombe , Lord John " asked a loan of" from Peel . We should not wonder to see the Lord beat ; at all events , the mill lord , as a determined opponent of the claims of labour and a bitter _antagonist ofthe Ten Hours' Bill , has no claim whatever either on the sympathy or assistance of the labouring classes .
Westminster is also evincing some premonitory indications of the advent of a new Parliament . Come when a General Election may , it is certain that Mr . Leader , its aosentee representative , trill b ; sent to the right about . There is , therefore , certain to be one vacancy , at least , to fill up . Mr . Cnarle _* Cochrane , of " port opening" notoriety , ha * seized the occasion to throw himself into the field greatly to the discomfiture and annoyance of the " Westminster rump , " who have so long dictated to the
citizens and especially of Mr . Sydney Smith , of Anti-Corn Law League notoriety , who has pronounced Mr . Cochrane unfit to represent Westminster because his youth is not counterbalanced by a title . If net" ! been " a Lord" Mr . Smith could have tolerated hi * presumption . Being only plain " Mr . " his offence is rank in the nostrils of this whilome railer against Lords ! We pronounce no opinion here on Mr . Cochrane ' s claims but will not refrain from saying _. at least , that they are immeasurably greater that those of any of the Whiglings who are likely to be his opponents . In other parts of the country similar symptoms are observable of the bustle of preparation for a general election .
Trade continues bad , and provisions goou _advanc iug , the severe pressure of these two circumstance " is indicated in the greater number of cases of extreme distress recorded in the newspapers , and _trt fear long months of privation , _suffering , aud still higher prices , are before us .
_Jfotttp _& _dn > _iin
President Polk Has Been Playing Some Cur...
President Polk has been playing some curiou " pranks of late , and seems thereby to have roused lb " jealousy of the European Monarchs , who , fearing they may be outwitted by their Yankee rival , are just now coming out strong in their old character * , as wo shall brieily show . In the lirst place , Louis-Philippe has been enacting- the solemn farce of assuring his _prec ' _wM "Peers , " " Deputies , " and the " Diplomatic Corps , "
that ' * Monarchy and Liberty" arc gloriously uniteJ in his person ; hence France is so happy , aud presents so glorious an example to other countries Jus . imagine the " artful dodger" of the . Barricades , with Iiis tongue in his cheek , uttering th _« o lies with a solemn and self-satisfied air made up for tho occasion ; and then witness his worthy comrouges aft * - * ing the most honest enthusiasm , and shouting " _Vi- le Roi ! " Of all pantomimes commend us to tb * annually performed on the Jour de I'An a . tt ' Tuileries .
That delectable bit of Royalty—Isabella of SpaiUp : lias been engaged _delivering a " royal speech **! stuffed with the usual lies on the occasion of _openii-ei the Cortes . Though notoriously forced to mar'b her . ** august cousin , " Don ( key ) _d'ASS--- " she , nevertheless , asks for " prayers" •' " Almighty God" to ] bless ! her n _* mrriager VVe tfe fer to our Foreign news for tho only points of -W speech worth extracting . We may add , that H Majesty utters some vauntings respecting the " _- _* _- ' " and free field of the Constitution , " which fie'' i however , is neither "vast" nor ' -free" enoug h W
admit an obnoxious deputy to tho new _CoitCoi Thc celebrated Olozaga , who had to fly from Spa S in lS-i _^ , in consequence of that famous p lot dot which the charming Isaballa proved herself wo'f _' wo of her "illustrious" parents , has been olectt'dctc thc new Cortes . A fe _* r * days ago he loft _FraiFri for Madrid with his passport duly signed ; arm an within eleven leagues of Madrid , he was _arrestd-estc a party of civic guards , and has beeu taken to t ( citadel of _Pampeluna . Here is a pretty illosiiilo tion of "how _Uiey _manage _thiugs" in com .-c .-k _tioiKiJ Spain .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 9, 1847, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns3_09011847/page/4/