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TO THE ENGLISH PEOPLE. 5fr Deab Friexds,...
MURDER OF WHIGGERY, and DISCOVERY OF THE...
n-*« a--«IHHHHn THE FUNERAL. Eleven o'cl...
, S vi t ®| t Ji«tj tm Mm, I AM) NATIONA...
X I « to VOL. . NO. 426. LONDON, SATURDA...
FRANCE. Louis Phihppe received on Thursd...
National United Association op Trades fo...
THE NEW MINISTRY. The following has been...
Moiav Maouhie is Dublin. —Tho caso of Mr...
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Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
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PATRICK _O'HIGGKS .
To The English People. 5fr Deab Friexds,...
TO THE ENGLISH PEOPLE . 5 _fr _Deab Friexds , —IF we were not bound by ihe _jpggto that" when oneof the community ia oppressed _jjoefr is aggrieved , " I should still deem anything _[ _caueded with the name of tbe gentleman whicli jiands at the head of my letter of sufficient importance to address yon npon without an apology and upon a subject even less connected with , _yourtdves . I haTe reason fo know , and to be proud as
_^ a Wshman , that the straightforward , patriotic , and jiaa ly conduct of Mr . O'Higgins , has made him an abject of love , affection , respect , and esteem with the jnglish working classes . "When it was dangerous to _jdvocate onr principles , and almost death publicly to jvow and promulgate them , _O'Higgina kept the spark _( f Chartism alive in the damp atmosphere of Dublin , _5 n d was only driven for a season from the position he jud achieved by thai sympathy whieh the threatened _yng ecntion of Mr . O'Connell had created , and now , _te hold ! he is the victim of that sympathy himself .
Seed I refer to thecaseof the Dorchester labourers , sod to the fact , that O'Connell gained popularity by _locating their cause ont of the House of Commons , jnd singularity by justifying their condemnation in Parliament ? Need I remind you of his onslaught against the trades of Dublin ; of his committee appointed for the purpose of depriving the trades of the little protection thej had ; of his denunciation of the Glasgow cotton spinners ; of his rabid attack upon Trades' Unionists ; of his invitation to the Attor ney-General to hunt down Oastler , O'Connor , and
Stephens ; of his invectives against the Canadian patriots ; and of his exultation in the conviction of Frost , Williams , and Jones ; and his rejoicings that it was a HANDFUL OF IRISH BOYS that shot Shell find others at Newport ? 2 feed I remind you of his having walked out of the House of Commons _Tvhen his casting vote would have unbarred the prison doors and set the captives free ? No . These insults are green in your memory , and require not to be revived to add odium to his treatment of our respected friend O'Higgins .
I haTe told you before that of all characters in this world an Irishman most despisesthat of ax _octobheb , and I ask you to keep the whole case of O'Higgins in your mind , and come to any other conclusion if you can than that the liberator has hunted down his Chartist _pbet _, and consigned him to the tender mercy of that Attorney-General from whom te has _lold us xo hoxest mas cas _xxpzct jcsiice , and to he tried bj the Saxos Law ; and by a Saxon _Jubt . Not such Saxons as you are , for I glory in the Saxon blood that flows in _totjb -veins , but Saxons whose dominion is markedby their triumphoverthelawand over erery thine Irish . My friends , mark me , and mark me well ,
for I have been a faithful sentinel to you . 0 Connell s aid in this prosecution evinces no tenderness for human life—no clemency for the Irish landlords—but vengeance against the principles of Chartism , of Khese progress in my country O'Higgins is the embodyment And , therefore , I say the cause of O ' Higgins is my cause , is your cause , is the cause of every just man in the world , and the more especially when the putrid press of Ireland has joined the Liberator in his crusade against us . Mark the cunning villainy with which this government informer laid his train of supposed guilt , and then pounced upon his innocent victim ! He coupled thisdocnmentwith that tr anquillity which was essential for the accom
plishment of repeal ! He used it to excitehis hearers against the author hy persuading them that it was a device of the enemy to injure Ireland ' s cause , hav ing at the time the very same means that he has now of attaching tbe authorship to O'Higgins . Oh , if this document had borne ihe stamp of the committee of Conciliation Hall , with what cheers it would bave heen received , and with what avidity and encomiums it would have been whirled through the land npon the wings of the liberal press . But the Nation , the liberal Nation , the Nation that some weeks ago published the whole process by which the Irish people might , in case of an outbreak , destroy all the railroads—the Nation that has asked
" who eeabs to _iatk of _siseit-iight ? The Nation that was wont to breathe the spirit of a Davis , has it , too , cowered before the nod ofthe autocrat , and does it fear to do justice to an honest injured man , lest it should incur the liber ator ' s ! wrath ? This is a subject which , requires temper to write ' npon . Just when we had supposed that the judgment of three Whig lords , and the triumph at Lancaster , had rendered sedition obsolete , we find the monster revived by tiie Irish liberator , who has held out mere invitations to murder than all the seditionists living . And then we come to the machinery by which the
Liberator works out his machinations , and of what do we find it composed ? A Mr . Porter , stipendiary magistrate , and Sir C . Fitzsimon , a police justice , formerly Repeal M . P . for the lung ' s County , a man who knows as much abont law as a dunghill cock knows of a holiday , sit cheek by jowl upon the magis terial bench , and this pot-bellied buffoon , this police constable knight , this ex-Repeal member for the King ' s County , justifies the sending O'Higgins before a jury of landlords ,, whose wrath has been aroused by O ' Connell , npon the precedent , that HE once before had bound over a jeweller to stand his trial in Dublin and inthe King ' s County ; our only
wonder is that the police knight did not add , and AT THE SAME TIME . But here ' s a desecration of justice ! For such sedition as is contained in the placard in question , which I assert is no sedition at all , Mr . O'Higgins is to be tried by a jury of landlords , each of whom will strain the contents to be an invitation to murder himself . Buthere I'll triumph a bit . I'll mark our English progress and triumph over the Liberator ' s law of sedition ! Here , Liberator , I publish the document , and put a name to it that you would destroy with pleasure . I adopt it as
a mild document , more mild than ( your language in Conciliation Hall , or in the House of Commons , when advocating your "FIXITY OF TENURE " and the "TENANTS' RIGHTS . " More mild than your _denunciation of the cotton lords , whom you called MURDERERS for working infant children , whose Lord Chancellor you said you would he , and for whose young blood you received a thousand pounds . More mild than your denunciation of the landlords whom you have over and over again styled murderers for keeping up ( the Bread Tax . This is the document with a name to it : —
"LAXM . OHDS AXD _TESA 5 TS , —TYRANTS TURNING TENANTS OCT . Question : Has a landlord the right to turn a tenant out of Ms holding or farm 1 Answer : He has , when tbe lanll is let on fair and reasonable terms , and the tenant neglects bis farm , or does not pay the rent . Question : Has tiie landlord the right to turn out the tenant without first paying him in full for all his outlay in building , _recltuming , manuring , enclosing , draining , ic , Ac . _ __ . . .. _
Answer : N 6 : the landlord ha * no such right . It would te rooting tbe tenant to take theland from him Without first having paid him the full value of these improvements , and also compensation for the cost and loss incurred by removing to another place , even to a settlement in America , if he chose to go there . Because , when a tenant is deprived ofhis hind , whether hy the cupidity , Hiiro , or tyranny of his landlord , he has nothing to lire on , and consequently becomes either a burthen to society , oi he , ids wife and children , die of want , which is too often the case ; and , therefore , the landlord is to all intents and purposes * guilty of causing the death of unoffending men , women , and children .
Question : When a tenant increases the value of the land , by reclaiming , building , enclosing , manuring , draining , 4 c , has tbe landlord a right to charge the tenant a higher rent on the expiration of the lease , in consequence of the increased value of tbe land by the labour bestowed upon it by the tenant ! Answer : No , most certainly not : because the increased value of the land was caused entirely and exclusively by the labour , toil , care , skill , industry , and outlay of the tenant , and not by any act or thing done to the land by the landlord ; therefore , he who charges an increased rent robs the tenant of the reward of his labour . Aud it is written that such conduct cries to heaven for vengeance ! Question : What would be said of the man who would
give a rough block of mahogany to a cabinet maker to make a chest of drawers , and when he had made them , lhe owner of the tdock charged " _*»» " for making them instead of paying him « Answer : The owner of the block would be called a _mgue , andthe cabinet maker could make him pay . Question : What is the difference between the conduct Of the landlord who chaiges an additional rent , mostly double the amount , to a tenant for rough land which he has reclaimed and made fair and fruitful , and the man who charged the cabinet maker for making the drawers , instead of paying him f Answer : The conduct of the landlord is worse by far _"ftiauthat of tbe owner ofthe block ; because the poor
To The English People. 5fr Deab Friexds,...
_^ CaU 2 M > t S ° law with _to landlord ; he must either submit to the fraud or be turned out and die . He cannot canythe land with him . It is sationary ; there it remains . The cabinetmaker can cany las trade and Ms tools with him any where ; and can also keep the chest of drawers till he is paid . Landlords , kneel down , and pray to God to fill your hearts with ssei . se of justice . Ask of him to inspire you with the feeling and desire to "do unto others as you would be done by . " Bear in mind the fate ofthe Hungarian tyrants , and how Moses slew the Egyptian oppressor , and buried him in the sand . Ask yourselves , on bended knees , how you would like to live on rotten potatoes for the next three months . Feibgcs O'Connor .
Ifow , Liberator , read the placard to your dupessend it to the VINEGAR-CRUET . Invite the lawofficers of the Crown to the contest , and as you are so fond of an appeal to English justice , let us test the justice of YOUR SAXON LAW , to wliich you have consigned O'Higgins and MY SAXON LAW , from which I would expect as little justice as any other man . Yon know that there is no sedition in the placard . You know that there is not a semblance of
crime in it ! But you know that O'Higgins , finding persuasion to fail , has coerced you into a steadfastness of principle . Bat for him , you would have abandoned the Repeal long ago . He follows you . with the whip of constancy and truth , and lashes yon to your principle . And for that you hate him . Shame upon you , sir ! How dare you thus attack the outposts of Chartism ? Did you think that in our renewed strength we would allow yon , unnoticed , to run down ode Irish Chief ? No ! we have the real blood in our
veins—the blood that recoils at the bare name of "informer ! " You are coming here to give us cheap bread , and when amongst us you will learn that O'Higgins is respected , honoured , and beloved . You will hear his name , depend upon it , coupled with that of Frost , and when he has triumphed over your Saxon law , we'll feast him in every town in England and Scotland , whether bread is cheap or dear . My Friends , I invite yonr perusal of the proceedings before the magistrates . I invite your attention to the notice from our own correspondent . I invite you to a full consideration of the whole case , and bear in mind that prevention is better than cure .
Are you not struck with horror at the very idea of the most prominent Chartist in Ireland , a member of our association , a delegate to one of our conventions , heing hunted down upon the shallow pretest of the sedition contained in the placard to which I have affixed my name ? And when the brawlers so lustily clamour for justice to Ireland , do you think our friend has been justly treated by those who sing loudest in the choir ? I tell you that my very blood runs cold when I think of any Irishman so far forgetting himself as to become informer , or , what is worse , " the suborner of many informers , against an
honest gentleman and upright patriot . When the time comes we shall offer Mr . O'Higgins something more substantial than our sympathy ; but for the present let us console him by one universal expression of our horror of his persecutor , our regard for his person , and our confidence in his integrity . It was my intention to have written a long letter upon the cheering prospects of our Land Association this week ; but I feel assured that every member of the society will be more gratified by reading this embodymentof national disgust against the persecutors of our friend .
I tell you , Englishmen , that if we allow the stray deer to be thus hunted down , the flock would shortly be reduced to utter insignificance . And I tell you more , that this attack of the Liberator is preparatory to that position which he hopes the freetraders will achieve ; and once let them get power with him as then * Attorney-General , and then farewell to Labour ' s
cause . Ever your faithful friend and servant , _FiARGUS O'COXNOB
Murder Of Whiggery, And Discovery Of The...
MURDER OF WHIGGERY , and DISCOVERY OF THE MURDERER . Theawful sensation created in the neighbourhood of Downing-stre & t , a & d indeed throughout the empire at large , relative to the mysterious disappearance of thc unfortunate gentleman ahove named , in 1841 , is , we have no doubt , still fresh in the recollection of om readers . Imagination was literally exhausted in
surmise , while the circumstance , so novel in itself , led to endless , indeed whimsical , conjecture ; and , had it net beenfor theahnost supernatural exertion of Mr . Sharpnose , of the detective force , the probability is that that sad catastrophe , which has now brought to light oneof the most atrocious and cold-blooded murders that it has been our painful duty to record , would have remained a secret , except from that eye from which nothing can be concealed .
The circumstances which led to the detection of the barbarous crime , and to the apprehension of the murderer , are briefly as follow : —On Thursday week , the day upon which it was our painful duty to announce the sudden death of
THE ENGLISH OLIGARCHY , Mr . Sharpnose , of the detective force , hearing that the event had been reported exclusively in the North em Star newspaper , proceeded instantly to the office of that journal , upon the presumption that there were persons about the premises who could throw some light npon the subject ; and while engaged in questioning the parties with whom he came in contact , his suspicion was aroused by a stench of no ordinary nature , which proceeded from an apartment which appeared to be " exclusively used for preserving the records of the journal in question . The
suspicion of Mr . Sh _ _ypnose was strengthened by the fact of the parties hi the office refusing him admission to the apartment . Not considering it safe to make the attempt alone , and fearful lest anything concealed should be removed in his absence if he left the premises , he insisted upon the publisher despatching a note to the Home Office , the result of which was the prompt attendance ofa large reinforcement of the London police , and , upon search heing made , the mutilated remains of what was supposed to be the parts of the deceased were discovered , concealed in a heap of tiie Norther n Star newspapers .
Intelligence of the fact having been conveyed to the Home Secretary , an order was issued for the immediate removal of the remains to Chesham-place , and directions were given to the coroner to hold an inquest , and Monday being the day appointed for the inquiry , all the avenues in the neighbourhood were literally blocked with parties anxious to get a glimpse at the supposed murderer , as well as to hear the result of the enquiry . At twelve o ' clock precisely tiie coroner and jury arrived at the Nag ' s Hetd public house , to whieh place the remains bad heen removed , and shortly after a hackney coach , convey ing the supposed murderer , with the blinds up and two policemen sitting on the box , drove furiously through the crowd . Sergeant Wild appeared as counsel for the Crown , and thejury being sworn ,
Mr . Sharpnose was examined , and gave his evidence as follows—Having seen the death of the English Oligarchy reported exclusively in the North ern Star newspaper , 1 had a strong suspicion that the parties connected with that journal must be aware of facts that could throw light upon tbe subject . I accordingly proceeded to the office of tbat paper , and while in conversation with some parties who appeared to be engaged in the printing department , my attention was attracted to a stench of no ordinary character . I requested permission to examine the apartment from which it came , and being refused admission , and the manner of refusal considerably strengthening my suspicion , I instantly dispatched a note to Sir James Graham , who promptly sent a _re-inforcement of the Loudon police to assist in
Murder Of Whiggery, And Discovery Of The...
making tho necessary search , the result of which was the discovery ofthe remains which are the subject of the present enquiry . _ .,.. , Coroner : Were the remains so concealed as to lead you to the presumption that the parties in care , of the apartment and the custody of the property therein must have heen cognizant of the concealment ? Witness : Oh ! I have no doubt of it . Coroner : Did you arrest any of the parties ? Witness : Yes ; theprisoner , Feargus O'Connor . ( Great sensation . ) Coroner : Have you any reason to suppose that a murder has been committed , and if so , have you any reasonable conjecture as to whose remains those are that constitute the subject of the present inquiry ?
Witness : Yes ; I have no doubt that they are the remains of Whiggery , who was missing since July 1841 . Coroner : That ' s a long titueago , nearly four years and a half , what reason have you for supposing that the remains are those of Whiggery ? Witness ; Because I was in the service of deceased , and was in the habit of seeing him daily . Coroner : Well , but still the body being so
frightfully mutilated it ia going great lengths to swear to the identity . Were there any marks to which you can distinctly swear . Witness : Yes , sir ; _perhapayou are not aware that the whole family was missed about the same time . I can swear to the head , the body , and the limbs of my master , they were so remarkably small . Moreover , I know the head by a mole that was under the left ear . I can swear to the nose of Master Cam that was
considerably turned . I can also swear to the nose of Mr . Charles that had a twist , and lus legs , that were very long . Coroner : Then , upon the whole , youhave no doubt upon your mind that the remains you have seen today were those of departed Whiggery ? Witness : None whatever . Coroner : And you swear that you found those remains concealed in a suspicious manner in an office ofthe Northern Star newspaper , of which the prisoner ii the proprietor ? Witness : I do .
The next witness was Lord Grey , who gave his evidence as follows : —I am one of tiie nearest relatives of the deceased . I am first COZEN to the deceased , and was very intimate with him . I seldom saw de > ceased from July , 1841 , till Tuesday last , when I attended atthe family residence , Chesham-place , by invitation , when deceased appeared dejected and melancholy . By the Coroner : Do you know the prisoner ? Witness : Yes : well . It is Feargus O'Connor . Coroner : Had you any conversation with the deceased relative to the prisoner ? Prisoner : I object to any conversation being given in evidence at which I was not present .
Coroner : Then I'll put it in another shape . Have you any reason for supposing that tbe prisoner was in any way instrumental in producing the death of deceased ? Witness : Yes , I have no doubt of it . Prisoner became acquainted with the deceased in the early part of the year 1833 , and upon several occasions I have seen deceased receive violent treatment at the hands of the prisoner .
Coroner : State the occasions . Witness : I could not , they were so numerous . I have heard the prisoner declare that he never would rest satisfied until he had destroyed deceased . Coroner : Did you apprise the deceased of this fact ? Witness : 0 yes , frequently . Deceased was perfectly aware ofit , and so great was his apprehension , that about 1840 he had the prisoner confined for eighteen months .
Coroner : When was the last time you saw the prisoner strike the deceased ? Witness : Whenever he had an opportunity , and especially on every Saturday . Coroner : With what did he strike him on those occasions ? Witness : With a deadly instrument , which he calls the Northern Star . Coroner : What was the state of deceased ' s mind when you saw him latterly ? Witness : In 1834 he became dejected , and I think the constant ill-treatment he received at the hands of the prisoner brought on a state of nervousness , which led to total prostration .
Coroner : Was there anything about the conduct of deceased that led you to doubt his sanity ? _WitneBB * . Yes ; I must confess that at times he appeared to me rather strange . He spoke vaguely of the poor being starved , and policemen having the care of them . He sometimes fancied himself an Irish peasant , and started from his sleep , exclaiming , that policemen had entered his hut at night , and illtreated his wife and daughters , and that he had beentransportedby acourt-martial ; andhefrequently exclaimed , the "Dorchester labourers , " the " Glasgow cotton spinners , " " Cook , of MitcheMevar , " and "Frost ; " and then he became very much ex . cited , and would repeat the word , " Stroud , Stroud ! It was Stroud that made me a murderer' "
Coroner : Pray , my Lord , from the evidence you give , have you any reason to suppose that deceased committed suicide ? Witness : It was always my impression that he felt life very irksome , and indeed he stated as much . But then the state in which the body was found forbids such a conclusion . Coroner : We had better now examine the doctor . Dr . Peel was then called in , and gave his evidence as follows : —I had known the deceased for many years ; we were playfellows together . We were very intimate , and I have been his medical attendant since 1832 . From that time , to the autumn of 1834 , I found it necessary to use harsh measures with deceased , as he became refractory , and showed evident symptoms of monomania .
Coroner : Fray , doctor , what waa the character of his monomania ? Dr . Peel : Why he spoke a great deal of " skilley " and " starvation . " From 1834 , to the spring of 1835 , 1 continued the harsher treatment , when , finding his malady increased , I indulged him in his several caprices till July , 1841 , when I found him so debilitated , that I felt it necessary to prevent him from all interference with public affairs , and from that period to his death he contracted several chronic diseases , brought about , I have no doubt , by maltreatment , as , on making a post mortem examination , I find wounds upon every part of the body and limbs . Coroner : Were those wounds sufficient to cause death ?
Dr . Peel : Decidedly . Coroner : Was the body in such a state that you could recognise it as the remains of Whiggery ? Dr . Peel : Yes , decidedly ; I have no doubt upon my mind . There were peculiar marks that have been described by a previous witnesB . Coroner : Do you know the prisoner ? Dr . Peel : Yes , perfectly ; well . Coroner : Have you ever heard deceased complain of treatment he has received from the prisoner ?
Dr . Peel : I have heard him not only complain , but I have seen the prisoner treat him most barbarously in my own presence . Coroner : When did you seo deceased last alive ? Dr . Peel : On Tuesday last . Coroner : In what state did you find him then ? Dr . Peel : Why , he had so far rallied , that I felt inclined to abate some of my previous restrictions , and to allow him to amuse himself with public affairs ; but I _veqflEoon discovered that he was
Murder Of Whiggery, And Discovery Of The...
totally unfit for the task , and Iheard no more of him till I received the melancholy tidings of his death . Sergeant Wilde : Mr . Coroner , I think the jury have now heard enough to warrant their finding a verdict of wilful murder against the prisoner . ; The Foreman : Mr . Coroner , we have made up our minds long ago ; indeed , before we heard any evidence Coroner : Prisoner , you have heard the evidence . Have you anything to offer in your defence ? but whatever you say will be taken downin writing , and may be used against you .
Prisoner : No ; I shall reserve what I have to say for the proper opportunity , merely observing , for my own justification , that when the proper time arrives I shall he able to prove that it was the second witness , Lord Grey , and not I , who was the immediate cause of deceased ' s death . ( Great sensation . ) The Court was immediately cleared , when the jury returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against the prisoner , who was instantly committed to Newgate upon the coroner ' s warrant .
N-*« A--«Ihhhhn The Funeral. Eleven O'Cl...
n- _*« _a-- « _IHHHHn THE FUNERAL . Eleven o ' clock on Tuesday last being appointed as the hour when the remains of Whiggery were to leave Downing-street , to which place they had been removed after the inquest , every avenue in the neighbourhood was densely crowded . The numerous relatives and friends of the deceased had arrived at an early hour in the morning , and precisely at the hour appointed the melancholy procession was formed , and proceeded through Scotland-yard , Hungerford-market , St . Martin ' s-lane , _Monmouthstreet , to St . Giles's ( where the remains were interred ) , in the following order : — - — --- — — — _*/ . _>__ >
Page of the deceased on Horseback . Six mourited Policemen , Two and Two . The Poor Law Commissioners and Paupers of Westminster , Carrying the Poor Law Amendment Act , Two and Two . The Dorchester Labourers Carrying the Combination Act , Two and Two . 'The Canadian Rebels Carrying their Pardon , Two and Two . The Wives and Families of Frost , Williams , Jones , and Ellis , Two and Two .
The Glasgow Cotton Spinners Two and Two . The _Mothers and Widows of Shell , Holberry , Clayton , and Duffy In deep mourning , Two and Two .
Containing Daniel O'Connell , the chief mourner , Richard Lalor Shiel , Thomas Steele , David Pigot , Thomas Wyse , and Sir Henry Winston Barron . Friends and relatives of Mr . O'Connell , Two and Two . The Irish Chiefs of Police Carrying the Coercion Bill , Two and Two . Members of the Conciliation Hall , Carrying the Judgment of Lords Denman , Cottenbara , and Campbell , Two and Two . Poor Law Guardians , and Paupers of the Strand Union , Two and Two .
Procession of Infant Factory Operatives , all lame and distorted , Two and Two . The Whig Cabinet in deep mourning , wearing _scarfB and hat-bands ( Lords _Palmerston and Grey in front ) , Two and Two . Understrappers to the Whig Cabinet , in deep mourning , Two and Two . Procession of Rathcormac Widows , in deep
mourning ( two and two ) , singing The Irish Hullagone . Hullagone ! Hullagone ! Whiggery , what made you die f What made you die ? 0 ! yea , yea , yea , Whiggery , Hullagone , hullagone , What made you die ? Dr . Peel's private carriage , with the blinds up , and servants in deep mourning . The Whipper-in To the Whig Government , on horseback .
N-*« A--«Ihhhhn The Funeral. Eleven O'Cl...
The vast procession was followed by a large concourse of the working classes and the private carriages of the numerous relatives and friends of the deceased closed the mournful train . It is but right to state , that the streets through which the procession passed were lined on each side with cavalry , while the police , with their staffs , were busily engaged in keeping order ; several indecent attempts being made toiiteult the remains of deceased . Indeed , it was as much as the military and police could
possibly do to suppress that indignation which was apparently manifested throughout the whole line of procession . However , by the excellent arrangements made by the authorities , the procession reached its destination—St . Giles' Church—precisely at twenty minutes past two , when the remains were met at the church gates by the ReY . Mr . Skinflint , the rector , who performed the funeral service , after which the chaplain of the deceased preached a pathetic sermon , from the foUowing text ;•—
"HOW ARE THE MIGHTY FALLEN !" The remains were then deposited in the family vault , after which the friends and relatives of deceased returned to Downing-street , where , to their dismay and astonishment , they discovered the family mansion was closed , ai d hills posted upon the window shutters , with the following words in large letters : — \ REMOVED TO ST . GILES' .
, S Vi T ®| T Ji«Tj Tm Mm, I Am) Nationa...
, ®| t Ji _« _tj tm Mm , AM ) NATIONAL TRADES' JOURNAL .
X I « To Vol. . No. 426. London, Saturda...
X I _« to VOL . . NO . 426 . LONDON , SATURDAY , JANUARY 10 , 1846 . ! j _^*™«» , - - ___________ = — - ______ —— . ' _JKive _aiuinngs and Sixpence pel * Quarter
fmton _htimimmt *
France. Louis Phihppe Received On Thursd...
FRANCE . Louis Phihppe received on Thursday , on the occasion of the new year , the members of the corps diplomatique , the Presidents and deputations of the two Chambers , the Archbishop of Paris , and other dignitaries of the State . In reply to the President of thc Chamber of Deputies , he said" I am happy to acknowledge with you the powerful aid we . derived from the co-operation of the Chamber of Deputies in weathering the storms with which we were assailed , and in bringing the vessel of the state into harbour , where we aro so happy , so proud , and so glorious to behold it to-day . Strengthened by that co-operation , that union , those sentiments , and that appreciation of all the blessings conferred upon France by Providence , we henceforth defy all the attempts of agitators to compromise the ¦ 'rcat and fortunate results we achieved . With your
affection , with the support of public opinion and the general co-operation of the nation , we will accomplish the exalted destines of France ; we will continue to secure at the same time the happiness of rich and poor ; we will maintain all the liberties . Upon them rest the advantages wehave acquired . We will teach all classes of society __ to appreciate them more and more , to know that in wishing to exceed them they destroy them , and to be gratefal to God for the blessings we enjoy . Whatever value may be attached to my life , the trust committed to me by France—her institutions and liberties—shall be faithfully kept by her children . I thank you for your acknowledgment of their _devotedness and patriotism . I am happy to express to you once more the affection I feel for the Chamber of Deputies , and my gratitude for yourgood wishesin behalf of the Queen , my family , and myself . "
The Ciumbkks . —On Saturday the Minister of Finance presented to the Chamber of Depute the estimates ol * 1846 . The Minister , after entering into an expose of the financial situation ofthe country , which he described as prosperous , observed , that notwithstanding the engagement he had taken last year to submit to the Legislature a measure for the reimbursement of the Five per Cent , stock , he felt obliged to postpone that presentation , and to wait for more opportune circumstances . The Minister of Marine next deposited on the table a project of law demanding an extraordinary credit of 93 , 000 , 000 f . for naval constructions and supplying the arsenals . It is expected that the public debate on the address will not commence before Monday next . " We regret , " says Galignani , " to announce the death of Mr . Lewis Goldsmith ( father of Lady Lyndhurst ) , which took place last night ( Monday ) , at his residence , in the Ruede la Paix .
SWITZERLAND . We take the following from the Times . — "'She intelligence from _Switzerland published by the Paris journal refers to a political incident which was likely to complicate the situation of the canton of Vaud . M . _Bluntschli _, in opening , as president , the session of the Grand Council of Zurich , cast a _i-etrospective view on the recent events of the country , and particularly those that passed in the canton of Vaud , which he reproved in the strongest terms . He then energetically protested , in conclusion , against the revolutionary tendency of the ruling party . Thc language of that high functionary caused a lively irritation in the canton of Vaud . M . Druey , its dictator , assumed to himself a portion of those re-Droaclies , and presented tothe Grand Council of that
canton a motion to tho effect of demanding explana- _, tions j and , if necessary , a reparation from the Government of Zurich . A stormy debate ensued , M . Druey was vehemently attacked , but , as he disposes of tlie majority , he prevailed on thc Assembly to adopt the following resolution : — 'The Grand Council rejects with indignation the insulting and calumnious words pronounced by the President of tlie Grand Council of the canton of Zurich . It direets the Council of State to forward this protest to the Government of Zurich , the present Federal Directory , to call for explanations ; and , if they be not satisfactory , to insist on a just and prompt reparation . ' The Government of Zurich had not yet replied to that communication , but it was known to be little disposed to acquiesce in the injunctions of M . Druey . " ,
ITALY . THE COMING BEVOLUTION . A storm is gathering throughout Italy which will probably burst before the present year is six months old . In Rome the seeds of trouble are springing up and bearing fruit daily . The Pope ' s government had thought proper to publish a reply to the pamphlets of Messrs . Canuti and Mazzini , on the condition of the inhabitants of the Pontificial dominions . There needs no rejoinder from Mr . Mazzini ; the people themselves are supplying the best answer to the Pope by their unmistakable disaffection . In vain do "his _Iloliiiess's" provincial governors assure the people that their prosperity forms the constant object of the cares of eovernment . The people are incredulous .
Rumours of approaching dearth , founded or unfounded , have been circulated through the Papa States , and they whose scanty means of subsistence Jay them most open to apprehensions , have more than once been excited to acts of violence by beholding cargoes of corn and provisions leaving tho ports . Recently a very characteristic scene took place at Itimini , where the _paople seem to have acquired an appetite for insurrection . A quantity of grain was about to be shipped ou board an Austrian vessel , when the citizens rose , took the affair into their own hands , compelled the merchants to sell their corn at a low price on the spot , and even proceeded so lar as to insult the Austrian flag . None of the offenders were punished , possibly it was found impracticable to
discover them . The exiles , who have taken refuge m Malta and Corfu , and are there supposed to be planning fresh descents upon the coasts of the Adriatic , occasion "his Holiness" no little anxiety . Report has attributed to the S panish General Prim , now in Italy , the design of joining thc refugees . We earnestly , hope the Italian patriots will have nothing to do with this adventurer . He is a traitor , and if ever a traitor merited the axe of popular justice , he merits it for his betrayal of tho brave Catalonians , and subsequent murderous warfare against the heroic people of Barcelona . Let thc Italians beware of him . Alarmed by this prospect of danger , his Holiness has implored the aid of Austria , which has sent him a frigate , three brigs , and a war-steamer , to protect him against the vengeance of his own exiles . Possibly , however , All the
there may exist other causes of alarm . troops in the Papal States , wc are told , when quartered for a length of time in particular districts , have betrayed too strong an inclination to fraternise with the inhabitants , for which reason tlie system of frequent reliefs is to be adopted . Recent intelligence from Rome represents the Pope distributing medals of gold and silver to his mercenaries , whom he likewise harangued in good military style on tho valour they had displayed against the citizens of Rimini . Verily , the " holy" old sinner shakes in liis shoes . No doubt , influenced and overawed by surrounding despots , M . Belzoppi , the newly-elected President ol tlio republic ot San Marino , had convoked tlie Couccil-Oeiicral , and prevailed upon it to decree the expulsion of tlie insurgents of Rimini , SO in number , who had sought refuge on its territory .
The Tuscan Government has adopted of late arbitrary measures towards the refugees , and ordered several to be delivered up to thc Papal authorities .
France. Louis Phihppe Received On Thursd...
Some Tuscans , convicted of having joined in the insurrectionary attempt , haye been sentenced to various terras of imprisonment . An illustration of the actual state of Italy occurred at Naples , during the visit of the Czar . A religious publication had , a short time previous , contained an article commenting on tke persecution of the Roman Catholics in Poland ; audit being feared that a copy IImight find its way into the hands ofthe Imperial Visitor , the police were sent round on a domiciliary visit to all who subscribed to the work , requiring them to deliver it up to the government , with a promise that it should be restored after the Emperor ' s de parture !
Throughout a large portion of the King of Sardinia ' s territories the precursors of agrarian disturbances have been strikingly manifesting themselves Bands of incendiaries , it is said , excited by external agencies , and impelled by political motives , have spread themselves under cover of darkness throughout the country , firing ricks , and barns , and farmsteads , Thc tools of the Sardinian despotism denounce the Communists of the Canton de Vaud ( Switzerland ) , as the authors or abettors of these acts of incendiarism . They assert that proclamations have been discovered in the localities ot the fires , addressed to the Savoyards , inciting them to make com mon cause with the Communists for the purpose of overthrowing the government . These reports must be received with caution . One thing is certain , the Communists ofthe Canton de Vaud are just now
terrifying the despots and aristocracies both of Switzerland and all the neighbouring countries . May they march on conquering and to conquer . Thus hastens the future . Louis Philippe crieB " peace , " while war is at hand . The war of the people against their oppressors . He defies the " agitators , " and cries " we have conquered them . " Poor silly old man . You have been a cunning man for your time , but you are but a lool as regards the future . The '' agitators " are stronger than ever . A day ia coming when your sons and your sons' sons will turn pale 1 MovBMEi « 8 of TnE Russian Autocrat . — The Augsburgh Gazette states that the Emperor of Russia , whose arrival in Venice on the 24 th has already been announced , had on the 26 th reviewed the troops in that city . The Emperor wore the uniform of an Austrian Hussar . An immense concourse of people collected to get a sight of the Czar .
UNITED STATES . _Liveiipool , Tuesday . _EvENiso . —By the arrival of the packet ship New York , Captain Cropper , from the port after which she is named , we have received papers of the 16 th and 17 th ult . inclusive . These papers contain nothing definite as to the Oregon question . On the 12 th of December , Mr . Buchanan had an interview of several hours with Mr . Pakenham , but it is not known , though it is surmised , that the Oregon question was brought in some form under consideration .
An old man named Barnett , and his wife , were hung for murder , at _Fayefcville , Arkansas , on the Gth of December , their aon being also in prison for the same crime , There have been serious fires in New York , Saratoga , Greenville , Lockkmd Mills ; while at East Brooklyn , Tucker ' s rope-manufactory , value 50 , 000 dollars has been destroyed . At Quebec Captain Gabriel Chebot , of the vessel Dorchester , was accidentally killed . At Warsaw , on the 6 th , Mrs . Winn , a respectable lady , was killed by theaccidental discharge of a rifle which she was removing . Mr . Merlin was found murdered near Rochester . Joseph Jacobs , Esq ., of De Solo county , Mississippi , was killed on the 9 th by being thrown from his _hotse .
John Briscoe , Esq ., planter , was killed at Richmond , Louisiana , in a quarrel , by a man named Garratt . Mr . Briscoe was formerly In the Senate of Louisiana . Mr . Dearmon , a sheriff , was killed on Tuesday , near Lynchburg , Virginia , by a lawyer named May . At Saratoga a man named _M'Kintry was killed , having been stabbed in eighteen places , by one Wilcock , who afterwards tried to hang himself , but was cut down before he was dead , and is now in gaol . The French ship Emilie was wrecked , during tlie late gales , on Cape Henry . The captain " , _jtyjfct and several hands were saved , hut many were drowned . Several vessels have been lost on Lake Erie . A smaU trunk was stolen from the Waltham stage , containing nearly 20 , 000 dollars in bank bills .
ALGERIA . The Journal des Debats publishes despatches from Algeria of the 23 th ultimo , which announce that on the 18 th General Bedeau _hadja warm engagement on the left bank of the Isser with Ben Salem , who had advanced within sight of Algiers . The Arabs were completely routed with the loss of forty killed , and in their flight abandoned a quantity of arms and ammunition . In the province of Oran General Korte accomplished some successful razzias , which were Mowed by the submission of numerous tribes . Marshal Bugeaud was at Ain Peskeria , eight leagues from Toniet-el-IIad , where he had proceeded to procure a supply of provisions , with the intention of forming a junction with General Joussouf , who was still in pursuit ol" Abd-el-Kader in the south . The death of the celebrated Bou-Maza is contradicted in these despatches .
Crate * # _lobemmt _&
National United Association Op Trades Fo...
National United Association op Trades fob the Pbotection-of Industbi _. —A meeting of the central committee W _^ s Held at the trades office , 30 } Hyde-street , Bloomsbury , on Monday , January Sth . Jfr . Bush , _vicepresident , in the chair . Messrs , Milne and Boyle attended as a deputation from the general committee for getting up an entertainment in honour of the honourable member for Finsbury , on the 21 st instant , to request the co-operation of the trades on that occasion . The deputies having been heard it was unanimously resolved— " That the _gtmeral committee do attend the soiree in a body , and
use all their influence to induce their several trades to attend likewise . " Letters were read from the frame work-knitters of Belton , announcing their adhesion , aud enclosing cash . From the block printers of Lancashire , Yorkshire , Derbyshire , Cheshire , aud Cumberland , an . nouncing their intention to amalgamate with the United Trades ; from the handloom weavers of Wigan announcing their adhesion to the number of 800 * , from the framework-knitters of Heanor district , Derby , announcing their adhesion ; and from the Nottingham framework-knitters , announcing the adhesion of 110 additional members . Letters were also received from a considerable number of provincial trades requesting information .
The Conference of rut Miners' Association was held at the house of Mr . A . Aldred , Queen's Head Inn , Ilkeston , Derbyshire , when a goodly uumber of these brave men assembled to consider the best means of extending the association . It is but just and fair to observe , that lhe candour and straightforwardness of the delegates in giving their opinions pro and con , on the different subjects brought before them , would have done credit to assemblies whose pretensions are much greater . The following meetings of the colliers of the district have been held : —Monday , Jan . 5 th , Messrs . Smith , Duro , and Jude , addressed a goodly band of the miners of Kimberley , iu the large room of Mr . "Wass _, _^ Horse aud Groom , The room was densely crowded . The same evening Messrs . Clark and Berry addressed the miners of
Eastwood with effect . On Tuesday evening , 6 th , the colliers of Brinsley gathered together to hear addresses by Messrs . Clark and _Walsby . The _jsame evening Messrs . Stokoe , Ilall , and Duro , delivered excellent addresses to the miners of Cotmanhay , On each ofthe above occasions the speakers were well received , and a most excellent spirit prevailed . No doubt but that the men of Derby and Nottinghamshire will see the propriety and utility of again coming forward to join the association in their wonted numbers . This evening a meeting will take place in the large room , where thc conference is being held , when W . P . Roberts , Esq ., is expected to attend , and several ofthe coal masters have promised to be present , —[ There was no date to the above letter , nor was it stated therein when the conference commenced its sittings , but we suppose on Monday last . ]
The New Ministry. The Following Has Been...
THE NEW MINISTRY . The following has been published as the official list of the members of the rc-constructcd Cabinet of Sir Robert Peel : — Sir Robert Peel , First Lord ofthe Treasury . Sir J . R . G . Graham , Secretary of State for the Home Department . Lord Lyndhurat , Lord Chancellor . The Duke of Buccleuch , Lord President of the Council . The Duke of "Wellington , Commander in Chief . The Earl of Aberdeen , Secretary for Foreign Affairs . Thc Earl of Haddington , Lord Privy Seal . Tho Earl of Ripon , President of the Board of Control .
Tho Right Hon . II . Goulburn , Chancellor of the Exchequer . Lord Granville Somerset , Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster , Earl of Lincoln , First Commissioner of Land Revenues . The Right lion . Sidney Herbert , Secretary at War . The following are the new members of the Cabinet : — The Earl of Dalhousie , President of the Board of Trade . The Earl of EUcnborough , First Lord of the Admiralty . The Earl of St . Germans , Postmaster General . The Right Hon . "W . Gladstone , Secretary for the Colonics . Lord Lyttelton , Mr . Gladstone ' s brother-in-law , is to succeed Mr . Hopo , as Under-Secretary for the Colonies .
Moiav Maouhie Is Dublin. —Tho Caso Of Mr...
Moiav Maouhie is Dublin . —Tho caso of Mr , Alley , of Artonc , has been followed up by an attempt to murder the overseer to Mr . George Woods , of Milvorton , a magistrate of tlie county of Dublin . The name of the intended victim was Samuel King , * and while sitting at his own table , on Saturday evening , a shot was tired in through the window , which fortunately did not talcs _cilect . The Lord-Lieutenant has ottered a reward of £ 100 for the discovery of the perpetrator ofthe outrage ,
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Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 10, 1846, page 1, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns3_10011846/page/1/