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FRANCE. Paris, Saturday.—The La Plata qu...
Base American Mosey.—Cauiion, to Emigban...
^— —^————^——— CALUMNIES AGAINST KOSSUTH....
THE HUNGARIAN PATRIOTS, NEW;YORK. On,Sat...
Mr. BRIGHT ON THE IRISH QUESTION. The > ...
Necessity op Lipe Insurance.—An instance...
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France. Paris, Saturday.—The La Plata Qu...
FRANCE . Paris , Saturday . —The La Plata question gave rise" to another long discussiom yesterday , which is continued to-day . Thc remit of the three davs' debate on this subject which took place last week * although it may be considered as a check to the Ministry , did not by any means settle the question . - AU that was done was to refer back to the committee tbe amendment brought forward by M . de Ranee , and which was to the effect thtt ten
millions should be granted to the government for the pnrpose of fitting out an expedition against General RosaC . Notwithstanding the refusal of the government to accept this grant , on the ground that it waa a declaration of war , the amendment fcaving been referred by the" Assembly to the committee , it became necessary to report upon it , and it was on tbe _rebart Iben produced by M . Darn that the discussion of yesterday was founded . The debate was commenced by the reading of the report of the committee bv M . Daru . It states that the committee
rejects tbe amendment of M . de Ranee , because it thinks tbat it ought to be left to the government to apportion the means to tbe end in view , and also because it was impolitic lo fix the precise amount of the grant , as it would be the means of informing the adversary of the maximum of the efforts France would be . disposed _ta make against him . The report concluded by a new amendment , _suggested b y the committee , to the following effect j— » The National Assembly invites the Executive Power to support the negotiation , which it now prepares to enter ont by forces sufficient to ensure its success , as well as the safety of the French subjects at La Plata . ' M : de Ranee then declared that he
withdrew his ] amendment , and united with that of the committee . M . de Laussat opposed the new _wording , as likely to lead in . the end to - war , and recommended the adoption of the Le Predour treaty , as the safest course to be adopted ; * : ' M . Hubert-TJelisle advocated an armed intervention , and was followed hy the Minister oi Foieign Affairs , who , a ter remarking on the danger and difficulty likely to arise from making treaties public from tbe tribune , declared that the government was opposed to the system of ihe committee , confining itself to a
continuation-of the negotiations still pending , at the same time that adequate means of protection" should be provided for the French subjects at La Plata . Af . Baudot called on the Assembly not to forget that an armednegotiation amounted to war ; he proposed the nomination of a special committee to consider the special , question of war or peace . Admiral _Dapetit-Thouara declared himself strongly in favour of war , and expressed an opinion that an expedition properly directed would terminate the affair in six months . The discussion was then adjourned .
There appear to be three classes of opinion in the Assembly : . The government declares in favonr of the continuation of the pending negotiations , supported by . sufficient force to insure efficient protection to the subjects of France resident at Monte " Video . The committee declares in favour of an armed negotiation ; and another parly , of which Admiral Dupetit-Thonars is the organ , contends for a great and effectual expeditio n * or failing that , an abandonment of the question . The result of the ballot in the Legislative Assembly yesterdav , on the election of the president and
vice-presidents , shows clearly that disunion is _spreading amongst the ranks ofthe Conservative majority . M- Dnpin , who was elected president on the 3 rd of October last by 339 votes , could only obtain 290 yesterday . ' The result of ths ballot for tbe four vice-presidents is still more significant . M . Benoist _d'Azy lost 93 of the Legitimist votes , given to M . Dan . General Bedeau wanted 21 votes to secure his election ; and M . Leon _Faucher , who is looked up to as the future Minister ofthe Interior ; obtained _Hlvo _' es which three months since would have been given to General Bedeau .
At the commencement of tbe sitting of tbe As sembly to-day , M . Dupin addressed a letter to the Assembly , in wbicb be declined accepting the office of President ofthe Assembly , to which he was yesterday elected , on account of the small number of suffrages which he bad obtained . The announcement created a great sensation in the Assembly , but it was determined what should be done in tbe _cireumstanees : The ballot for the fourth -vice-president of the" Assembly , taken to-day , was again declared to be null , it appearing that nene of the candidates bad a sufficient majority . The debate en the La Plata question was then resumed ! M . Rouher , in the name of the cabinet , strongly opposed the resolution proposed hy the committee . ' M . Thiers fallowed . He declared "himself in favour of an armed negotiation .
Paris , S . _uxdat In the Legislative Assembly yesterday , after the speech of M . Thiers , and a reply from M . . Rouher , tbe Minister oi Justice , the general debate on the La _IJJata question was closed . A number of amendments were then brought forward , most of which proposed that the settlement of the question should be left in the hands of the Government , with the reecommendation that it shonld take the means necessary to procure better terms from General Rosas' than those obtained by the Le Predour treaty . It being necessary that the new amendments should be _examined by the committee before being discussed in full Assembly , the debate was adjourned till Monday ,
The national guard of Paris , in February , 1848 was 53 , 000 strong ; whilst under the provision a government it was increased to 241 , 884 . At present the number h not more thatf ' 100 , 585 . The effective strength , therefore , is now greater by 42 , 000 than it was under the monarchy , but inferior bymore than 141 _. G 0 O to that existing under the provisional government . The average proportion of national guards , as compared to the population , is J to 9 $ . The expense occasioned by this force stands , in the budget of the city of Peris for 1850 at " 1 , 081 . 124 fr " , "
" A letter from Belle-Isle of the 27 th ult . slates that-105 of the insurgents of June have been shipped-on ; _bbardSthe _c Archimede . for Brest : 10 other * are to be transferred to L'Orient , to be tried for . having risen _^ in > . ibe-insurrection against tbe authorities of- that island . ' . - _-:- A" _letter from Dqky _^ n the department of the Jura , states 'that "the" SoriaHsts of that town who took part in _ the f _^ _lntienary movement of the 13 th of Jude have " been _acquitted by a jury . A' letter / rbin _Jardeaux ofthe 30 th ult . _announces / that the Prefect of the Gironde has suspended several mayors : and deputy-mayors in his department from the exercise of their f mictions . A letter from Beaume of tbe 30 th ult . announces that" the National Guard of Fontaine les Dijon have -been disbanded .
" * Assemblee Nationale says : ' A meeting of financial men took p lace yesterday at the Ministry ol Finance , at which M . d ' Argout , _11 . Rothschild , & _., were present . _According to report , a new loan of 250 millions of francs is comtemplated . ' One of the editors of the' Reforme , ' who is a native of Russia and a naturalized Swiss , but wbo bas heen resident in France for a great number of years , has been ordered to leave Paris and the French territory . It is with difficulty that he was allowed 48 hours to arrangehis affairs " The Prefect of the department ofthe north has _published a proclamation dissolving the Association of-Spinners at _Lillet
Geueral Cemeau has published a proclamation at Lyons , forbidding the sale of the ' Almanac du Peupie , ' the ' Almanac Napoleonien , * and the * Almanac _dul"Amidu Peupie'throughout the entire Of the sixth military division . " The Prefect of the Bonches du Rhone has com tnanded that , all clubs , under whatever denomina tion they may meet , shall _bs closed throughout his department . A-new weekly journal , called the 'Napoleon , ' said to be the official organ of the President of the Bepublic , has appeared in Paris . Anew Socialist satirical publication , entitled Chronique de Paris , ' edited by IS . de _"Villemes-8 ant , has likewise appeared .
Paris , Mondat . —Tbe Chamber to-day was occupied till half-past three in voting for the president ofthe Chamber . M . Dupin was again elected by 377 votes ; M . Miehel de Bourges having obtained 156 , M . Dufaure 17 . and M . OdillonBarrot 21 . The Assembly then commenced the discussion of the amendments on the La Plata question , and was left at past-hour debating on the proposition of M . Granier—tbat the convention of June 12 th , 1848 , should be denounced .
M . Granier ' s amendment was put and rejected . The President then read divers amendments proposed , in order that , the Assembly might fix the order in which they , were to be taken . The committee declared that it refused its adhesion to all the orders of the day that were presented as amendments to its resolution , and remained firm in its motion to the following effect : — ' The National Assembly invites the executive power to support the negotiations which it intends to continue by forces proper
France. Paris, Saturday.—The La Plata Qu...
to ensure them success , and to protect the French at La Plata . ' The President then read M . de Ranee's amendment as follows : —• Considering that the Lepredour treaty has not been submitted to the ratification of the National _Assembly ; considering thatthe government deelares its intentions to continue negotiations , with the object of guranteeing : the honour and interests of the republic , and , that under every circumstance the French at _LvPlata will be seriously protected against any eventualities onthe banks . of the Rio de Plata , the _Assembly passes to the orders of the day . ' ... .. - MM . Lecomte . and Carteret withdrew tbeir amendmentsand re-allied to that of M . de Ranee .
, A vote was then taken oh M . de Ranee ' s amendment , to which the government , through the mouth of the minister of finance , adhered . The following result appeared : —For the amendment , 338 ; against it , 300 ; majority , 38 . The first article of the government project , which opens to the minister of foreign affairs ft credit of l , 800 , 000 fr ., destined to pay the subsidy voted m advance , in favour of tbe Oriential republic , was then adopted ; as also the formal clauses 2 and 3 . The Assembly then voted the law as a whole ( _cPensanble ) by 496 against 88 . - _...... The sitting was then adjourned , the Chamber having fixed the debate on the law respecting primary teachers for the 14 th inst .
Paris , Tuesday . —This day , the general discus sionon the Schoolmasters' Bill was closed by a majority of 352 to 2 i 0 , and thc house adjourned . In the course of the sitting General d'Hautpoul , the Minister of War , presented a bill to increase the pay of the non-commissioned officers in the amy by 20 centimes a-dav .
ITALY . A letter from Florence , in the ' Corriere Mercantile , ' states that the bishops of Tuscany have received a circular from the government , desiring them not to authorise any priest to preach who had compromised himself in the late revolution . SPAIN . Democratic-Socialist journals are appearing in this country . The 'Pueblo , ' one of the principal of these journals has been seized for its ' dangerous doctrines . '
HUNGARY AND AUSTRIA . The constitution of March was solemnly published in Pesth on St . Stephen ' s day , the 26 th of December . It was read in German and Hungarian , but not in the Slovak language , as all present unanimously declared that they had understood it in the one or other ofthe languages which had been employed . High mass and Te Beam were afterwards celebrated , and the ceremony concluded with a
great dinner given by Baron Haynau . Six persons , formerly Austrian officers , were condemned to death onthe 12 th ult at Arad , but their sentences were commuted to twelve years' arrest in irons ; two others were sentenced to twelve years' arrest , one to five , and another to three years . The ' National Zeitung' says , that a traveller who had . arrived at Czernowitz , from Moldavia , reported that great numbers of Russian troops , particularly cavalry , were being concentrated there .
TURKEY AND RUSSIA . CoNSTAKTrNOPi . _B . Dec . 19 . —A courrier has arrived here from St . Petersbnfgh with the Emperor ' s answer to tbe last communication made to bis Imperial Majesty by the sublime Porte with regard to the question of . the Polish and . Hungarian refugees . In a former letter I told you that the Turkish ministers were willing to consent to thc expulsion of all those Poles who had been concerned in the late Hungarian insurrection , but that they objected to the expulsion of Polish refugees who were resident in Turkey previously to that event , and who were provided with French or other foreign passports . The Czar has agreed to the terms proposed by the
Porte , and Dembenski and the other Poles who served in _Hungary are to he expelled , and their countrymen resident in Turkey who were not concerned in tbat insurrection are to remain unmolested . If , however , for the future any person whatsoever , withont reference to the country under whose protection be may be , shall , whilst resident in the Ottoman Empire , be guilty of any act hostile to the government of tbe Emperor Nicholas , be shall , at tbe demand ot the Rnssian Envoy , be expelled from the Saltan's dominions . Kossuth and the , Hungarian refugees-are to be confined in a fortified town in the interior . They are not to be close prisoners , but their place of residence will be fixed , and they-will be under the constant _swrpeiKanee of the Turkish authorities . The foregoing is an outline of the arrangement of the Porte and the allied Imperial
Powers have come to in the present question . The Ambassadors of France and England have approved the terms of the settlement , with , however , certain restrictions as regards the expulsion of persons who may be under tbe protection of either of their respective governments . When a charge of conspiring against , the-Russian government shall be brought against a person provided with an English or French passport , the charge must be clearly proved , and its gravity fully shown , before the expulsion of the accused can be effected . It will not be , as in some countries in Europe , where the simple assertion of a police agent is sufficient to cause the immediate expulsion of a suspected person . A trial will take place in the presence of the Consul or other agent of the country under whose protection the accused may be , and after a calm and patient inquiry only will sentence be pronounced .
Thus all arrangements are complete for the reestablishment of diplomatic relations between Turkey and the allied Imperial Powers . Both Emperors have agreed to the terms proposed by the Porte , and the arrangement has been approved of by the representatives of France and England . A town in the interior of Asia bes been named for the residence of the Hungarian re ' ogees , and preparations are being made for sending the Poles out of the country . To the surprise of all ,- . however , Baron de Titoff and Count de Sturmer have not yet renewed friendly relations with the Porte . —Times , Tbe' Journal de Constantinople' confirms as
follows what has already been said relative to a concession of land made hy the Sultan to M . de Lamartine : —The Ottoman government has just made a concession of land to M . de . Lamartine , who wishes to settle in the Turkish empire . This- gratuitous concession of an extent of more than 3 . 500 hectares ( more than 8 , 000 acres ) is situated within a few leagues of Smyria _, and has on it all the buildings necessary ; the land . is in full bearing . . The agreement was signed on the 3 rd ult . by the Grand Vizer on the one part , and by M . Holland , _ex-reuresentative in the : constituent Assembly , ou the other . -
INDIA . Despatches . in anticipation of the Overland Mail , from Bombay , to the 3 rd of December , and Calcutta to the 21 st of November , reached town on Friday week . The present mail brings no China news . There is no domestic intelligence whatever in the Bombay papers before ns . The apprehensions of a dull season ' , appear hitherto to bave been fully justified . . ' . ; ,, •"' . . .-. From the north-west provinces the announcement that there is no news is generally tatftaraouut to a
negatively favourable report . The ; Pnnjaub was quiet , with the single exception of Peshawur . 'Our latest letters from that station' ( says the ; ' Delhi Gazette' of November ' 21 _sv ) 'are dated " the 11 th ; 6 f November , and we gather from them that Lieut .-Colonel Lawrence , was to move " out _^ immediately with some cavalry , infantry , and horse artillery ( Fordyce ' s troop , ) for the purpose of bringing , the neighbouring country into a complete state of subjection , and to put a stop to ' the thieving propensi " . ties of the inhabitants round about Peshawur . - Some
fighting-is expected . ; ' " r The Governor-General was makiug a journey through the Punjaub . . It was believed . that the Governor-General was on his way down the Indus to . Bombay , and that if he found his health unimproved by the . tour , be would embark for England from the last-named-port .
Base American Mosey.—Cauiion, To Emigban...
Base American Mosey . —Cauiion , to _Emigbants —It- may , he as well to put parties here on their guard , by noticing that there : has been in the United States a large issue of . counterfeit _^ quarter-eagles . They do not contain ( says the _jissayut ) ' ¦ any , gold . They are made oOhat kind of brass called Prince ' s , or-Prince Rupert ' s . metal , _ being , a bright-gold coloured alloy , consisting , according to Dr . Ure , of two parts of zinc-and one of copper . There is , moreover ,. a fraction of the peroxide of tin . They are all of the , same composition and weight . As genuine quarter-eagles ,., they ... should weigh 64 $ grains , but : these spurious coins . ' weigh 23 $ grains less . They are . about the . _samei thickness as our genuine quarter-eagle , but exceed it in diameter . No person who is . in the habit of handling gold would fail tb detect them in a moment from the great deficiency of ' _-. weight .. The stamp is remarkably well done , and might deceive any one . They _, have the mark ofthe New , Orleans mint . ( o ) under the ' eagle , date _1819 _^ _Jfynomist . ; .,- ¦ - ¦ ¦ ¦¦ . ¦¦• . .
^— —^————^——— Calumnies Against Kossuth....
_^— _—^————^——— CALUMNIES AGAINST KOSSUTH . Since the publication of a series of calumnies in the _« Times , ' to which that journal refused to insert my , refutation , there'have appearedj in it other specific charges against Kossuth , Szemere , and _PfifCZSl . * *¦ - - " - - ' - " - - ¦ _•" - - ;¦ J ' -- ' - - ¦ -. ' ' _¦ ' Kossuth is accused , as trustee , of ; having fraudulently sold the property , of , orphans , and of only having been saved from criminal prosecution by an arrangement with the prosecutor . / Itis further _aN leged that so little confidence was placed in him that an inquiry was made of Roth- ( the prosecutor ) _, as to whether the signature to _hisj receipt ; was ; genuine . I The number of the very actVpf pf _^ the ; tribunal is cited , and it is sought to impress _^ ihe reader with the belief that M . Kossuth was stigmatised by a judicial sentence . - -
You very properly observe : that such specific charges seldom immediately admit of possible disproof , thoHgh aa in this instance , the known life and character of those against whom the ac 2 u . sations are directed , stamp them as unworthy of belief . It would , of course , be impossible . for you er myself immediately to show that Kossuth was not the murderer of Eliza Grimwood , and if thiv system of reckless calumny be persevered in , it will , unfortunately , become a duty to prevent the perpetration of a public wrong , through personal attack , by personal exposure of the incriminators . The , facts are briefly these .
About 1830 Kossnth rendered himself obnoxious to the Austrian government by being chiefly instrumental in the congregation ( a meeting of electors ) of-the county of Zemplin , in causing a vote of censure to be passed upon their representative ; Baron Vay , who had voted in the Diet to allow the Austrian cabinet a supplementary of 20 , 000
men . At that period , as long afterwards ' it is wellknown that Austria sought to crush all resistance by fair means and foul , and no stone was ; left ' unturned to be revenged on Kossuth . in , " the next meeting of the congregation . It was at length , raked up that he had sold some produce of the property of his orphan wards in j an informal irianner . That is to say at the wrong time and without the participation' of the necessary cotrustees . Tbe duties of trusteeship , it is ; to be observed , are in Hungary most complicated . 'The congregation , in consequence , annulled the sale _^ a proceeding which for party purposes conveyed a rebuke to Kossuth as a lawyer , but intended rid reflection on his integrity ; or good faith . The purchaser applied to Kossuth for the amount of the purchase money , which was returned . ' .- _¦ - ¦ ¦'¦ ;'; : . 77 . " ) v _. _\ _'
It is to be observed that "f any attempt to defraud his charges bad been made er suspected , the Sedes jadiciaki , whosei especial duty is the . protection of orphan wards , _woujd and rnust have ., taken'cognisance of the act V whereas , the charge , of irregu . larity was never entertained by any judicial tribunal , - the congregation being merely deliherative and administrative , not judicial in its functions . Ofthe bearings of the case the countrymen of Kossuth must have been the best judges . It was subsequent to this , as you have justly ; remarked , that in proof of their confidence men of the highest character , rank , ' and standing in the country : proposed to endow him with estates ; but _y _() _u _^ _readers
may not be aware that amongst these -was the unfortunate Count Zichy , whose patriotism Austria had not yet corrupted ; it is , probably not known that the charge made by the ' . Times' correspondent was brought foiward in 1843 by one of the vilest of the Austrian ; Organs , . the ' _Y ' lag , ' and that Count Szechenyi ; ' who was then a political opponent of Kossuth , iri . _his paper , the , ' Ielerikor , " _^ rebutted as aa infamous calumny the accusation ; and it may not be remembered that Kossuth was named' Miais ' er of finance by the Emperor Ferdinand , and as
such brought into contact with the imperial . family , The calumny against _Szsmere is ihe r ' ecliruffa , of an electioneering squib , Avh ' en he sat aip for the county of Biorsod in 1843 _j and is founded on the following incident . M . Szemere was dancing with Miss "Veresmartby , at Miscolz , when oneof her diamond ear-rings fell upon the ground . Szemere picked it up , and observed , ' You have lost it , it ' s a fanprize , I shall keep it as a souvenir , '—put it into his pocket in jest , and only returned it . the nest morning with a complimentary note sr verses .
The charge against Perczel of having for a sum of money legalised a forged bond is equally false . I am informed by a Hungarian gentleman now in this country , and acquainted with the transaction , that Perczel , being a young man ,-was imposed on as to the identity ofthe party whose signature _^ heauthenticated , but _himself discovered and exposed tbe imposture which had been practised , and resigned in consequence of the mistake . In fact , this wilful confusion : of ,. cause , and effect is made by . the ' Times ' correspondents , that they contend these personages " to have become inimical to the government in , consequence of such charges , whereas it can be shown , beyond all doubt , that these charges were urged because they were its known opponents :. , ' " _.- ' . "" .
All who are acquainted with the parliamentary his tory of Hungary , and the recent history of Austria , are aware that there are co forms of fraud , perfidy , no perjury ; to which the Austrian cabinet did not resort—from the attacks on individual- character to thebravos wh ' eh she hounded upon such men as Count Teleki , or to . the Galliciau massacres perpetrated at her proved instigation . _; ' _- " - ' But in the method its attack upon _t'oe Hungarian refugees , and in particular upon Kossuth , it may be said to have exce ; ded even itself , It is not content
with the most slanderous imputations on his charac ter , but artfully endeavours , hy appending his name lo a forged address , to discredit him in public estimation as visionary arid unpractical . To yourself ; I need scarcely' confirm . your recorded opinion , that the 'farewell of Kossuth to the Hungarians , ' pub lishedon some Austrian authorityby the ' 'Times , ' never proceeded from his pen—a pen far more given to figures than to figures of _sp-ecbj arid with : whose productions , once read , it would seem-impossible in good faith to , have ; confounded the loose and melodramatic effusion so mischievously ,-or with so little judgment , attributed to him by the ' Times ;' ' _" _:
Happily for this country , _; Mr . Editor ,, mariy of your readers . will be slow in crediting the possibility of such systematic persecution ; for their instruction I shall conclude by adverting to a circumstance which , gives , reason to believe that those wtio . have been attempting Kossuth ' s moral assassination have endeavoured actually to take his life . In the month of October last 1 was present at the _ex-presidenrgovern ' or ' 8 table at tea ; It is : the ' eristom ' of Eastern Europe to flavour this beverage with a few ' spoonsr full of rum . 'i On _^ the occasion in question ,: it was found thatthe spirit instantly curdled the inilk , and turned it a peculiar" colour .. The same spirit taken from another bottle did not produce the same effect . The suspicious liquid was removed , ah accident
prevented its being analysed , and the circumstance . was nearly forgotten , when a Hungarian offideri- accompanied by two of his companions , came , to give information that a . stranger bearing . a Russian passport had been making numerous inquiries as to Kossuth ' s cook , tne diihes that he ate , and his medical adviser . The Hungariah ' suspecting his drift , had led him on _^ till the stranger ' offered hirn a present for _hisjintroduction to Kossuth ' s doctor . It was agreed , that the doctor should be personated by , a gentleman just arrived from Hungary , but as the matter was talked of before several persons , it got wind , and the individual in question ; instead of coming to die rendezvous , precipitately left Widdin . —I _arrij Mr . Editor , very obediently yours , - ' . )¦ _-:... ¦¦¦ . .- '•; . < :: _;' ¦ s _,-. ' _.-. THE AUTHOa OF 'REVELATIONS OF : BUSSIA . ' ' . '
The Hungarian Patriots, New;York. On,Sat...
THE HUNGARIAN PATRIOTS , NEW _; YORK . On , Saturday ovening _tho ; 8 toam-ship Hermann , Captain Crabtree , arrived in bur port from Bremerhaven , in Germany , ' via Southampton , " haying on hoard General Count _Ujhazyithe late ' _civilgovevnw ofComorh ; Miss Apolonia Jagello , and Other _distinguished _^ efugeesfrom _Huhgaryi Wo went early on board on _^ Sunday morning last to meetjthem , and accompanied them to . .. the Irving and Astor houses , where they , had been invited to take uptheir quarters . Here we were introduced to the noble _i-efugees , and _had-the pleasure _of'takirig ' - themvb j the _Jiand . ; The governor , Ladislas Ujhazy ( pronounced Wehazy ) , is a yenerablo looking : old : man ,
apparently about sixty , years , of age .. 'Ho ., wears ; a long flowing " grey beard , arid had a . singular striking _ahef venerable ' appearance ; His' manners ' . ; are simple , unaffected , and unostentatious ; yetihe is a nobleman by birth , and . _was'the possessor ofa large hereditary fortune , the greater part of which has been seized upon and confiscated by the . Austrian government . His'lady and daughters are like * himself in mannersr _^ -simple and unpretending—though belonging , by birth , habits , ;» na education , to the highest class ! of ; European : aristocracy . ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ' We were much pleased with the personal appearance of Miss Apolonia , the Hungarian-heroine , w ho * ' ' . as . rumour reports , has fought in many a battle for : the .: liberties of Hungary . She is at the , Irving House ; - She is a fine , blooming , handsome-young lady , about
The Hungarian Patriots, New;York. On,Sat...
twentyrfour or twenty-five years of age , of pleasing _/ _addreasand manners , with a fine colour on her lcheeks >' aud quitefeminme and ladylike in her manners . No one would suspect , on-seeing her ,.. that those delicate hands , enshrouded in delicate white kid gloves , and that slender form ,, had [ ever been _seen-dasbing among the . eroWd of . combatantspnthe field of battle ; mounted as a hussar on horseback , and dealing out wounds and death to the enemy with flashing sword in hand . She seemed herself quite unwilling to admit the faot , or speak upon it ; yet she showed us her hussar jacket in which she was attired , She would not , however , tell us how many men she had killed . We learn from other sources ) however , tbat her chief participation in the Hunga-.... . _ .
rian war had been _aktlurheadi of oneof themilitary hospitals , where ;; with her : qwn hands , she had waited upon the sick and wounded , and had nursed and taken care of them withall a woman ' s tenderness . . The calls on Monday to see these distinguished and amiable sufferers , * at the Astor House , were very numerous . In the evening , at ten o ' clock , a grand serenade was g iven them , which was executed in their honour in front of the Astor , underneath their windows , and- drew together a great crowu \ There were some fifty or sixty vocal and instrumental performers , principally German amateurs ,: who performed some . of the beatiful soulstirring airs of'"Fatherland . "' Wo understand that the Hon . Daniel Webster will visit the refugees . —New York Herald .
Mr. Bright On The Irish Question. The > ...
Mr . BRIGHT ON THE IRISH QUESTION . The > address lately delivered by Mr . Bright , the hon . member for Manchester , in the Free-trade hall , in the course of wbich he gave tbe result of bis observations duringli ' s recent tour in the sister island , Has created considerable sensation amongst . the Irishmen resident in Manchester ; so muc * i-so , that a large body of them resolved to present to him an address of thanks 'for the honest arid straightforward manner in whicbhe laid the caseof Ireland before
the English people' upon that occasion . A puhlic meeting , for the purpose of presenting this address was . held in the Corn Exchange on Thursday evening . Mr . E ; ' J . Bradshaw presided . The meeting had been advertised for seme time , but as'it was not anticipated that the 'honourable gentleman , would make known his panacea for Ireland ' s diseases , it beirig , in fact , doubtful for some time whether he would be present . upon the occasion , the attendance was limited . "' - -7- -J _-- ¦;
The address , wbich was couched in highly complimentary terms , was moved , by the Rev . Daniel Hearhp ; seconded by Dr . Murphy , and supported by Mr . _^ _I'Ouver ' y ; editor of ;; thei ' Belfast _^ indicator . ' The ceremony of the presentation having been gone through , ' ' " , '; : ; " . ' ' -. ' .: ' . 'J ' : ' . _? ... '¦ . _" . ' ; _-. ;• ¦ , ¦ . " Mr . Bright atgreat length addressed the meeting , and , after having alluded to his ' Irish speech ' at the Free Trade Hall , denounced : the proposition to re-enact'the corn law as surpassing in andacity any of theother propositions put ' forward a ; s a remedy , for the ( condition of Ireland . ' ; It was _vmade _^ b _y- ' a body of coronetted conspirators' against ' the ' Todd and the industry of the people of the : United Kingdom ' .
If , at theehd of thirty years' p >; otectipn , ; they , could point to a well-paid , well-employed , -population—if they could show . that the condition had ; vastly deteriorated , in _consequence of the : abolition , then it would not be surprising that thay should seek its reeiiactmerit / but'it was well-known that such was hot the case .- '" Arid _^ now ; said the hbriourable : gentleman , I wish to ' set : before you distinctly ; _arid clearly , and ; as briefly , as' lean , _whatttiefeye the Imperial _Lfigislat ' ufe ought to do , for Ireland —( hear , hear , hear ); —arid in ; doing so , I promise you that I will counsel no violence , no , infringement ; of . any man ' s rights . I will advise nothing that will , in any degree , break in upon those principles of political efeonomy which _Ihelieve to be essential to' the restoration of that
country . It is "riot very easy to go -jnto a minute explanatibn froina platform like ' ibis _^ of Ihe legal changes that are _newssary to make _landfree of purchase and sale , in Ireland . But some things can be easily laid before you . At present , you' are aware that , before a man-dies , he is allowed ; by bis will , to tie up his landed property to the _possession of certain parties , fora considerable number of _yiearf after hij ' death . He is dead and'huried , ; and if be was not a man of very much" consequence or" of great virtue , he is probably _, forgotten ;> and yet the blunders it , may be , or the . crimes—for it is many a time both—which he committed in his . will or his settlement , go on for twenty , or thirty , or . it may be
eighty , or one hundred years , binding - up certain large properties under circumstances very unfavourable to the ' public' interest . '( Hear ; hear . ) ' Now I should propose , With ' respect to entail j that the law _shsuld not permitany man to tie up any landed , pro perty . beyond what . are called 'jives in being ; ' that is , whbVoever . may be _raentidnedjh tbe will , that the last person mentioned to whom the property should come , should be the absolute possessor of the property , and that it should not be handed on by this will to any person not born when the will is made ' . ( Hear , _^^ hear _. ' ahd cheers , ) The result " ofthat would hethat very much more frequently than at _preseni , property-would come into the , hands of an owner
who : had : the absolute disposal of it , who could give it to i anybody or leave it to anybody , or -sell it as , he pleased ..: ( Hear , hear . ) That is one of _; the changes which parliament ought at once to effect , in order to lay the foundation , to some extent , for a permanent change in the conditions under which land is held in Irelandi "With' respect to another class of estates—those which are left by persons who make no will at all—if a man had . 50 , 000 acres of land , and died without will , if he had ten children , the eldest son would take the whole of that land . This , if we were not accustomed to it , would appear a frightful injustice * It is unjust to the nine children that they should have nothing , and that ' the
one should have all ; It is a gross injustice to the industry of the nation ; a gross ' evil , and injury . to its-social comforr , that these vast estates should be banded down under circumstances most unfavourable to the developement of the resources of the land and the profitable employment : of the resources of the people who live upon it . ( Hear , hear . ) 1 should propose , then , not that a law- should be passed declaring how any man ' should _leive-his property , for I hold that if a man has obtained property honestly , he _' raay leave it" to whoinsbever be please , when his own time is oyer , and he inust necessarily part _fromiti ; Let hiin leave it in . what ; proportions he likes to his children ' , but where he - makes no award of . it- '; , himself , * then let the -law do that which alone natural affection and common justice
will sanction , that is ; make ah equal division of it amongst , the children _^ who survive birni : ( Loud cheers . ) : I would propose that "government should establishajcbmplete . registry of property . ' . " . there is now in ireland a . _registry of deeds , and there is a survey " made ; hy the Ordnance' department so minute thatiyou . might : trace-upon it every plot of land throughout : the whole of Ireland . ' ¦ ' ' ¦ Now , if there was a registry of land , it'would be quite cdnipetent for the buyer and seller of an estate , or ' of a field , or of an _! acre , or of a' house , to walk into a certain _^ _^ office _^^ ih Dublin , '" . to ''"' . have a transfer of property made _ifrqih the seller to the buyer , arid to have a ' certificate ef sale , made out . -.. A Jew shillings of expense "isj all that is I absolutely necessary ; and there _wouldbe in a short time a clear title to all
_thejproperties in Ireland ,-instead ; of that miserable _, system that there is now of parchment as lbrtg as this table , ' and , however long , they are ; Ml of dangers and ' pitfalls to the purchaser , and calculated to make the . inyestme ' nt _i of , money in landimoat insecure . That is what _; prevails inm any- countries oh the continent ; and it is just as easy to do here , if government was-resolved to do it , a 8-the pa 3 smg of aiiy , of the numerous acts , which theypa ' _ss every session . - /( Hear , ' hear . ) _; Then I ' would . ' , take " '" care _thatthoBe expensive stamps which are now laid oh thesale arid purchase of . property , should be totally abolished , ' or made of merely ' no minal , _amdurit , ' so that there : mi ght ;" : be ' , the greatest : facility _jgiyen
for the dispersion of landed property amongst those who have , money to purchase it , : and industry and skillio : make the _best use of it _/ 1 _^( Cheers ;) 'Now 1 > propose " that stamps upon sales and : transfers should _; be abolished , or mades of a rjominal ainbuhti and . ' if there . be a deficiency in the revenue , as there would be : _frjom that , ' I should propose ¦; that , the stampsori : 8 _eUlement 8 . . 8 houl . d . ' b ' e _. . levied , 'not as ; a _fiied _aiim , ' but ad , valorem , rising with'tbe . amount of the property , thus making up for the deficiency caused by the abolition _[ or _^ the reduction ' of that other _starripiarid acting as a ' . discouragemerit upoii themost' pernicious ; systemof _^^ _settiirigUarided
property from g eneration to _' _geheratiorijandikeeping it entirely out of the market , arid a way from the field of industry ( Hear and cheers . ) _| , Let us look ; at the change . which this ] system / would bring ]\ about . I , have no iobjection to have great landed property held by men of real property , 'if I a man is -worth half a miliion of money , t have no objection that he should have half a million ' s worth of landi and ' if he has _;* 500 let him have $ 500 worth ; of land . fjut ; , let lit ' be-free "; . withdraw , froth it all the artificial , ligatures and . bandages with , which it is kept in these large properties ,, to the injury of the public ; let land be free as household furniture ia
Mr. Bright On The Irish Question. The > ...
free . But , according to our system , the possession of land is not thus regulated ! It is often held in vast estates by men who _arei-not worth 6 d ., and applied in such a manner as to be a monstrous and indescribable evil to the ' populatioh who live upon the estates . Well , now , justI look what would 'be the case iu Ireland ; supposing these changes took place . At present the ' _population 'is _Titti _^ a most . helpless condition . There ; is ' not & 'labourer 'ih ' Ireland who ever "dreamed _^ probably _, of beirig a prosperous and substantial farmer . ; : scarcely ever a farmer that dreamed of being a proprietor . There would be no cry of rebellion in Ireland , if the great bulk of the ... „ . ,.. _ _.. . .-: «_
population was comfortably j _offhand if there were free channels fo _^ industrial exertions . Every proprietor of the land would . be himself a policeman : ; and you would find that , instead of ; 40 , 000 soldiers and 12 , 000 trained police , . to . _keepihe peace in that country , wherever there was a proprietor of the soil ( and there would be hundreds of thousands of them ) there would be to the governri } ent : ai guarantee- for social order , and for the preservation of _tranquillitj throughout' the whole of Ireland . ( Loud cheers . ) Now I come to another question wbicb I thinkis , perhaps , even more - important at the present moment than any other , arid that is the project ' of giving security to the tenant for the . improvement
which he ; may make upon his farts ' , ; ( Cheers . ) You are aware , ho doubt , that this has been proposed over and over again . One of the most estimable of Irishmen , who represents the borough in Wbicbjl live—Mr . Sbarman Crawford—( cheers)—has over and over again , ' with a sagacity and . a perseverance which is greatly : t » his credit , brought this subject before Parliament . But more than that , Sir Robert Peel ' s government brought it before Parliament ; and more , -thau that , the present government . brought . it before Parliament . -The bills have been presented and laid upon the table , read a first ' time , and then lost , sight of till another _Besaion . The principle is admitted in - the report of
Lord Devon ' s commission , to which I have alluded . At present in Ireland there are ' almost no real leases . _; I believe - about 1834 the landed proprietors of Ireland met together—it . was not published in the papers , but it has heen often charged upon them , arid I believe never denied , and I have heard it from what I consider ' first-rate authority , that such a meeting did take place , when it was resolved that leases should _riotrbe granted to Catholic tenants .. Now , landowners are always under this mistake , that their farms should grow corn and votes : - ( Laughter . ) ' They want to get all the rent tbey can ; frpm the . corn , and they want _. to getthe
whole produce of the votes . . The tenants of Ireland , however , are . of a different opinion , and they r have ' voted very . often ; -against the . landlords . Hence , ' the objection' of the , iandldrds to _^ rarit leases / " because ¦' 'it' is . _ringer a ' ; " certain form and term : i of lease' that . the franchise is conferred .: At present they have literally , no tenure ' but the will of the landlord , or of the ' agent , prsuch security as ! the fearof outrage gives therh . ( Hear , hear , hear . ) .. My opinion is that you baririot even begin _toabsorb the pauperism of . Ireland until you give a security , to " the . tenants now in occupation of the soil . ' ( Cheers . ) ' If ; at . this moment every Irish cultivator and farmer could be ' told that everv
farthing ; he hereafter expended upo _^ his land should not 'become the' property of the landlord , but should remain" his' property , you would find a new spirit infused into' the' whole of this population j I believe it would spread a uriivergal joy ' oyer ' Ireland such as never has-been known in our time . ' And if , . it only stimulate one farmer in ten to rise tb-mdrrow ' morning with renewed energy and with increased hope , with a strengthened resolution to exert himself ; if it stimulated only one in ten to straighten the fences upon his land ' ,: or to drain a single field ; or t 0 clear it of the _tweeds ,, pr to-repair his house -and his barn , and Vbateyer farm buildings , he might have _^—from
that moment would be commeneed _. the absorption of the able-bodied pauperism of the country ; those strong men of whom I saw hundreds ; andof ' whom there are many thousands supported out of the poor law ; would 'be gradually—not instantaneousl y , ' but gradually . — ' drafted off into the . employment of _farmers ' , reducing , the poor fate by , " the " very same process that was _risiiig more food ; thus we might hope that famine : and pauperism _^ those terrific scourges of that country , might at once and for ever be vanquished , ( Cheering . ) ' But ? besides these economical remedies ! there are some others to which I must refer . There are political remedies . Tou know , if ever you . werein Ireland , as most of you
have been , you . know that in Ireland there is a wide-spread distrust , and , not a little hatred of the Imperial Legislature . It . is no . use . disguising it . ( No , ; no . ) Universally throughout Ireland , with . the exception of a small portion of the population of the north , there is a firm belief that the Imperial government is not equal and . just to the population and the ; interests-of Ireland . ; . ( Cheers . ) ' And it would be affectation in me to say that there is not great reason for . this opinion . But , seeing that it exists , my conviction is this , that ; along with the economical changes which I _haveventared to point out , it is most desirable that political changes also should take place ; for the purpose of giving to : every
Irishman the _helief that England has turned over a new leaf with regard to Ireland ; that whatever has taken place in the past shall be no guide for the future- but that at least Ireland shall be treated as if there was no water . between England and herself , and we were one country , indivisable for ever . ( Cheers . ) First of all ; with regard to ' yduir participation in the representation of the '' empire ' Our representation in Great Britain is bad ' enough , as we all know ; it is to a large extent a sham , as I have often said before ; but it is an honest and faithful representation compared with what exists in Ireland . ( Hear , hear , and cheers . )' ! believe now that if there _vaVageneral . election in Ireland next week ; and a
contest . in , every county and borough , - and as much money spent in these counties arid boroughs in corrupting the voters , or ' getting them to t he poll in any way , as has ever been spent ,. ! believe it would not be possible , for them to bring 40 , 000 electors to the poll throughout the whole kingdom of Ireland ; That-is a'fact sufficient to settle 'this part of the question . _^ '¦ There is ( ' auother : question that is partly political arid partly ecclesiastical—that is , the ouestion of the Protestant Established Church in Ireland ( Loud cheers . ) Now , many . persons will say— You are hot an impartial tribunal to'judge of this matter , at , probably , the Protestants in thia * meeting - may be in a small minority ; but still , I have no -doubt
you can perceive , and you may be allowed to express your opinion , if you have it , that , for ; a church' to be established iii Ireland whose whole members , and communicants , and friends form but an insignificant portion : of tbe whole population of the country , and that this church should have something like a million per annum of revenue , derived chiefly'from the land of Ireland—that it should : have political power and ; political _privileges-ris not consistent with ; a jijst ' and equal legislation for that part of the United Kingdom . ( Cheers . ) 1 ¦ am amazed that Protestants should , uphold that church . Now , I am a Protestant , as you are aware—a Protestant dissenter ; but I hold , in ; the strongest manner , "the opinion " that
every _manihas aright to inquire as to religion : to formhi 8 own views ; to hold them-so-long as he does not injure _his'fellow ' _-r iien ; and that he should be . _lodked upon , whatever be his religious opinibris _, jii ' _st as favourably : by the law" as it'he held any other kind ; of religious opinion ' s ;; ' ( Ldiid cheers . ) I ask- jou , _thenj . td ; observei what it . is that I propose . _fsay : that all thejgreat arguments upon which the Established Church ; is defended in- England utterly failed in Ireland i . and I am prepared to maintain it everywhere , that there has never been in
the world so consistent , so incessant , ' and so destructive ari ; enemy of Protestantism as the Protestant Church / in ' Ireland . ' ( Oreat cheering *) ' Well , now , we come to the question . how ' are , we ' to _iget these changes ? I believe it not to be ' possible , _i iDan we not have _&^^ union of Irishmen , who _understandthe nature ; of this case ? . I can never : lose- hope-of a country " which numbers amongst its "sons such men as . Grattan and O'Conneil ; __ ¦ •¦( Loud and prolonged cheering . ) _Donotsupposethat _youwillgetnohelp from England .- There is at this moment a party in England growing up , every , ' day / more _/ _. riowerful .
anxious to unite with all" honest arid intelligent Irishmen—anxious in some degree to atone-by the future for the calamities of the past . - ( Loud cheers . ) Do : _« ° _J imagine that the great _free-trade party—( _rerjelVred : _cheers ) -that party ' which overcame the landed , territorial aristocracy of _theUnited'Kirigdom —don t suppose that that party had no . object but to give abundauceof food and extended trade to' our Fu i T " on _'dHe _f' _hear'V ; " the aristocracy of the _. UnitedKingdom has heaped evils unnumbered upon Ireland , why , 'I _ask _^ should not the intelligent and virtuous people . of the-United Kingdom make them , an ample _^ restitution ? ( Cheers . ) Arid when
_IspeaK to _thatgreatparlythrougbdut this country , *¦ ' _^ ° - ! _4 . _?* y _| ; ha . t in all their struggles—whatsoever S » ey inay ; undertake , whatsoever they may _^ accomplish—they cannot : do ' a nobler or a better thing than to , consecrate the cause of their advancing liberties by glorious and fruitful labour for the ire .
Mr. Bright On The Irish Question. The > ...
generation of Ireland . ( The hon . gentleman resumed bis seat amidst deafening cheer * . ) Mr , Thomas Bolton ; was ; then , called to " the chair ; and the _^ Bev . ' . Daniel _. Hearney proposed a vote of thanks to Mr . E . T . Bradshaw for his courtesv in presiding over the meeting . _; : Mn Bradshaw liaving _' briefly acknowladged the compliment , the proceedingsi termiflated . i » n » . _tinn of Ireland . ( "The hon .
Necessity Op Lipe Insurance.—An Instance...
Necessity op Lipe Insurance . —An instance very lately occurred ( aind _' which Was related to U 3 by the _medieal-atteridaiit " of ' the- ' family ); ' showing the great uncertainty of life , and the ' _necessity of as far as possible securing , by ( assurance ; against ; the pecuniary difficulties attendant on" sudden death ; A gentleman residing in : the city ,. and who , during * long . series' of years , " enjoyed uninterrupted good health , ' at the suggestion of Ms friend , to whom we have ialready adverted , secured his life with a Lon _« don office for £ 5 , 000 . 1 Upon the : Sunday next following tho completion ; of the policy , and whilst ; taking his usual walking exercise , he ruptui-ed a blood vessel , which resulted in death within fortysix hours . —The Reporter . 7 ' ¦ ¦" : " . Ix is said that the French President , Louis Napoleon , has received _.-a large sum of money from England lately . £ 50 , 000 has been paid into Rothschild ' s hands , to the account of Louis Napoleon , from an English quarter .
If MANKiNO . are liable to one disease niore than another , or if there are any particular affections of the human body we require to have a knowledge of over the rest , it is certainly that class of disorders treated of in the new and Im . proved _« d'tion of the "Silent . Friend . " The authors , is thus sending ' forth to the world another edition of their medical work , cannot refrain from expressing their grati « Beation at the continual success' attending their efforts , which , combined with the assistance of medicines , exclusively of tlieir own preparation , have been the happy cause » f mitigating and averting the mental and physical miseries itteniant on those peculiar disorder *; thug proving the fact ;
GOOD HEALTH , GOOD SPIRITS , AND LONfJ LIFE , SECURED BY THAT H _& HLY ES . TEEMED POPULAR REMEDY , P AEB'S . _IiIFeJ PILLS . _^ _hS _^ i _^ _^•¦ B _^ _' _^^ - _^ _See "Life and Times _SfV- _^ ? " _^ gratisof all Agents . ) NEW _LIFE—Hundredswho have kept their bids for years have been so speedily _ro-invigorateu _ivittran infusion of new blood , and consequently of new life and _strength by the use of PABR'S LIFE PILLS , and _thit their _S _pearance amongst tlieir fellow beings who had long gilen them up as incurable ,. is looked upon as the greatest ofthe many great wonders of this mhaculous agem irst _ They increase , the _^ strength , whUst most other m _^ _T l Z w « _femn _effect upon ; the system Let any one take from three , to four . or six pills every twentvfound to have revived tiie animal spirits , and te haveimT parted a lasting strength to tha bodyf - ¦ ,. _'Secondly-In theu- operation they go direct to tha disease . : After you have taken six or _twelveiuls you _wUl _expenence their effect ; the disease upon you Will bMOme less and less by _overy _doae you take _Wlf _wSfflSSS vera in regularly taking from three to six pm _^ _SdSv _JyTem 66 aSe _*™ " _^ M entirely rem _% from _^ e
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 12, 1850, page 2, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns3_12011850/page/2/