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l 2 ^ MEETING AT THE TOWN-HALL, I BIRMINGHAM.
WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE
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FllOST AND THE CONV ^ NflON OF 133 » . No w Publishing , Price One Halfpenny , THE ENGLISH CHARTIST CIRCULAR , No , 18 , containing a DECLARATION of RIGHTS ( in Thirty-nine Articles ) of the Peoplo of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , according to the Ancient Laws and Customs of the Realm of England . ' ¦ ;¦ The above valnable . doeamenJ , the monument . of our ancestral rights , was presented by its author , Julius L . Schroder . JEsq ., to the Council of the General Convention , on Friday , the 9 th of Anaust , 1839 , to be by them approved and executed to the utmost of their ability , in farthering the great cause of national and rational freedom , and rescuing both from tbe accumulating wrongs of oligarchic a } , aristocratica ) , aud monarchical tyranny . It is now reprinted from a corrected copy supplied by the Author for " the " English Chartist Cibculab . " At a Meeting of the Members of the General Convention , held tbe 9 th of September , 1839 , John Frost , Esq in the Chair , the ** Thirty-nine Articles" were unanimously adopted , with | an earnest call upon every constituency in the kingdom to reprint and circulate thi » important document among the people . This recommendation was signed by all the members of the Convention ( twenty in number ) who happened to be in London at the time . The Cibculab also contains a great variety of interesting Articles on Law Making and Law Breaking , Pr ivate Property , Corn Laws , America * National Debt , Ac . &c . London : Cleave , ( Proprietor and Publisher , ) Shoe-lane , Fleet-street ; and all Newsmen and Booksellers .
TO PIANOFORTE PlaAVEHS AND snrosssi MADAME VESTRISWNEW SONG ! JULLIEN'S FAMED NIGHTINGALE WALTZES 11 . ANi » TAGLIONI'S NEW GALOP !!! All for Is ., in the "Piahista" for May , No . « , Published Monthly , Price One Shi / ling , THE PIANIST A gives all the Popular Songs , Ballads , &c , with Words , Symphonies , and Accompaniments ; and all the Waltzes , Quadrilles , Galops for Piano , &c ., which obtain , by their excellence , great popularity in London . These are given every month , at a price scarcely one sixth of the charge made by Music Sellers ; ap , for instance : — No . 1 , for January , 1841 , contains the Elizer d'Amore Quadrilles , " The Banks of Allan Water , " popular song , with words , and an Original Ballad , words by Miss Costello , and music by Lady Andover ! The whole of these are given in No . 1 , for Is . No . 2 , for February , contains the Royal Christening Solo . ( Original ) - " The Old Oak / with words , symphonies , and aocompaniments<—and two of Strauss ' s Waltzes . Ail these for la . No . 3 , for March , contains the whole of the celebrated " Tarantella , " byJuUien , ( now the rage in London , and selling at 3 s . 6 d . )—an Original Song , by Thomas Moore * Esq ., with words , symphonies , and accompaniments —and two of Strauss ' s most popular Waltzes . The whole of No . 3 , for Is . The Morning Herald , of Thursday , March 4 tb » says : — " The Pianista No . 3 , outstrips our previous commendations . Every page is studded with gems . " No . 4 , for April , contain ? Jullien's Celebrated Quail Waltzes ; Charles Horn ' s last beautiful Ballad , with words , symphonies , &c ; anew German Air ; and Musard ' s favourite Galop . "ThePianista is a charming work , and as cheap as it is charming . " — The Times . For contents of No . 5 , for May , see above . Published in London by Sherwood and Co ., 23 , Paternoster Row ; and to be had by ordex of any Book or Music Seller in the Kingdom . Any Number , as a specimen , sent to any part of the Kingdom , free , for 1 b . . Ad . Address , " Editor of Pianista , 23 , Paternoster Row , London . "
THE ILLUMINATOR . NEW CHAB . TIST PERIODICAL . THE MIDLAND COUNTIES' ILLUMINATOR , Price Three-halfpence , is Published every Saturday Morning , by Mr . Ccopeb , of Leicester , and may be had of Mr . Cleave , Shoelanc , London ; of Messrs . Seal , Windley , and Markham , ( Leicester , ) Sweet , ( Nottingham , ) Skevingtou and Eveleigh , ( Loughborougb , ) Neal , ( Derby , ) Vickers , ( Belper , ) Limb , ( Chesterfield ) G . Robinson , ( Hinckley , ) &ud &U Booksellers in the Kingdom , by application to Mr . Cleave , London , or to the Publisher , Leicester . * ' The Illuminator we hesitate not to pronounce infinitely superior in style , matter , and composition , to most , if not any , of * the high-priced periodicals , written by and for educated men . "—Northern Star . "We lately received a small weekly Chartist publication from Leicester , entitled the Illuminator . We are pleased to find it is a well conducted and talented paper , containing much useful matter , and many interesting extracts from the best social and political writers . In tho number before us ( No . 11 , ) is inserted an article on the 'Wicked Law of Primogeniture . ' It contains sentiment of the right sort , and speaks weD for the intelligence and good sense of the writer ? - —New Moral World . Copies of Nos . 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , and 15 , may be had on application .
EVERY NUMBER NOW IN PRINT . BEAUTIFUL NEW MUSIC . To Flute , Flageolet , Violin , Clarionet , Kent Bugle % and Cornopean Players . That Celebrated Monthly Periodical , THE FLUTONICON , gives every beautiful Tune that becomes popular . In its pages will be found , for the small price of Eightpenoe Monthly , not only every Tune that is popular , but every Tune that is likely to become so ; all new copyright melodies of merit being inserted here . Nos . to 90 are already published ; any of which may be had at eigbtpenco per Number , or sent , post paid , to any part of tha Kingdom , by enclosing is . As a specimen of the contents of some of the Numbers , the following is submitted , namely : — No . 1 . Rise , Gentle Moon ,, Meet me by Moonlight , and aevon others . 11 . Farewell to the Mountain , and ten others . 13 . The Sea 1 the Sea t and ten others . 17 . The Deep , Deep Sea , and seven others . 20 . The Brave Old Oak , and eight other tunes . 26 . Pretty Star of the Night , and ten others . 53 . Happy Land , Land of the West , four Quadrilles from Rory O'More , and two others . 54 . The hour before day , I leave you te guess , and nine others . 55 . My Beautiful Maid ,. Cherry Ripe , and seventeen others . 56 . In tbe days when we Vent Gipsying , Blue Bonnets , Crusader ' s Waltz , and' ten other delightful airs . 60 . Bless'd be the Home , Rory O'More , and nine others . 69 . The celebrated Echo Quadrilles , Philomel Walta , &c . ¦ ¦ . '¦¦* 74 . Mr . Moore ' s prtpular song , The Language of Flowers , Linley ' s Lost Rosabel , and ten others . 75 . Mr . Moore ' s Musical Box , Cracoviak , and ten others . 76 . Where the Bee Sucks , Four Airs by Prince Albert , and twelve others . 77 . Eight Airs , by Prince Albert and Ernest , Tis the Shepherd ' s Evening Bell , and five others . 78 . Oft in the stilly night , Rory Tories ( Jack Sheppard ) , Jack Redburn ' s Solos ( from Master Humphrey's Clock ) , She Wore a Wreath of Roses , Mr . Loder ' s new song , Down in the Deep , and four others . 79 . Tbe Danois Quadrilles , TagllonVs new dance in the Gipsy , three famyous Chinese airs , Mr . Balfe ' s new popular melody , the dawn is breaking o ' er us , two more Solos by Jack Redbun , and five others . 80 . For July , contains Jock Redburn ' s Gallop and Race , in honour of the Derby , the whole five melodie ' s of the Falstaff Quadrilles , popular airs from Weber's Euryanthe , Sphor ' sFaust , and Beethovens Fidelio . 81 . For August , contains Oh ! God preserve the Queen ; the celebrated Tarantella ( the whole six movements ) : seven Airs from Gluck ' s Iphlgenia ; and three others . . 82 . For September , contains My Dog and my Gun , We all love a pretty Girl , He that loves a rosy cheek , the whole set ( five ) of the Nightingale Waltzes , and six Airs from Gluck ' s Iphigenia . 83 . For October , contains-r- 'Twas Nature ' s Gay Day , the popular Song ; the whole five of the Tete de Bronze Quadrilles ; tbe celebrated Doncaster St . Leger Race , described in Masic ; and six others . 84 . For November , contains Two Melodies from . Auber ' s new Opera , Zanetta , Lanoer ' s Six Spring Waltzes , the celebrated Marseilles Hymn . Claude du Val , and Three others . 85 . For December , contains Six Melodies from Zenetta , I knew a Bank ; and nine otbers . To purchasers of No . 85 is given gratis THE ROYAL Lullaby , the words and music printed on rose coloured paper . 86 . Happy New Year ; the whole set of L'Elizir D'Amore Quadrilles , by Musard ; Lovely night ; The Days tbat have Faded ; Fairy , kad them up and down , and others . 87 . The Ice Song ; Love in Idleness ; The Sleeper ; We ate Spirits ; the two papular songs of Miss Hawes , I'll Speak of Thee , and Thou , ark Lovelier , and four others . 88 . Ten « f the Witches' Songs in Macbeth ; Over Hill over Dale , in Midsummer Night's Dream ; Russian Air by Thalberg ; Laiye mine , Lodge mine ; Merrily goes the Mill ; aad others , 89 . Three Airs from Mr .. Balfe ' s new Opera of " Keolanthe ; " the whole of Jullien's Five Qjiail Waltzes ; and Six more beautiful Airs firom . Macbeth . 90 . For May , contains one of the greatest attractions ever offered in music , viz .: —A description of tbe Easter Hunt , in a setof Quadrilles ! No . 1 , Meeting ; 2 , Start , yelping © f dogs , and gallop of hOTs . es ; 3 , The Biver , the Check ; 4 , Stag at bay ; 5 , Death of Stag . To this extraordinary novelty ( which is copyright ) there will be added ten other beautiful melodies , amongst which will be the new comic Bong eall « d "Jim along Jos *? , ** with the music , and whole eight verses of werda ; and this number will contain . a catalogue of contents of the whole ninety numbers of "Flntoaieon . " Ordera should be given early for this number ( No . 90 ) . No . 00 is tor May , 1841 , and ia the lost Number published . Every wimd instrument , as well as the Violin , can play theae tunes . An ? number can be sent , p » Bt free , by enclosing Is . to the Editor , pro-paid , 23 , Paternoster-row . f gr The Examiner says , ' No musician , whatever instrument he may profess , ought to be without this tasteful , correct , admirable , and cheap work . £ aeh another collection of beautiful melodies does not exist in Europe . ' And the Herald , Jn & long article upon it , says , * The Fluionicon is as muoh a standard work amongst musicians as the Penny Magazine , or Chambers' Journal , amongst ; readers . * Published in London by Sherwoods , 23 , Paternoster-row ; in Liverpool , by Stewart ; in Birmingham , by Guest ; in York , by Shillito ; in Manchester , bj Hey wood ; and may be had of all the Agents of thia Paper ; in short , by order , of every Book and Music-Beller in the kingdom .
it- JoH 5 CoLqvaavy , of Glasgow , kss forwarded J 1 * an address to the ^ Committee and Proprietor Vfike Scottish Patriot , " in which he complains jbtttrh of having been mxsreporled and his statem&i * wsrepresented . The report with which XTZosl especially finds fault is one commencing % &— "About a month ago , at a meeting of Mfer' delegates , and other inhabitants , " frc . ZZjitehich proceeds as follows , "Mr . John Col-Z&eipiroseat the dote of the budmssfor ichich ft Tnteting was calie& \ and nottcithsianding that Ag hour was late , the people tired , and one-half tfthe meeting dispersed , tnsisted on performing Zfot he considered a duty to himself and his -mtrvjnen , namely * to read the plan of
organi-^ fon ' publiskcd bw Loveit and Collins , and which Zpeared in thchorthern Star . " Thit assertion jjrCbrguAoOTi says , is a malicious falsehood , as fc lifter read , nor proposed to read , Collins and Tjyoetft plan , but that he read what would , peri-ot not suit Mr . Malcolm V palate , a paragraph iZmthe Local Advertiser , a Tory paper . The J rgnrter for the Patriot continued , "This was Steeled to on the ground that the meeting had fjtbeen called to take the plan into considerafrf Mr . Colquhoun says that no such objecggg * xu made . The late hour induced the meetfed to postpone the consideration of the question 0 ( he next meeting , of which the reporter says : — "At the next v . eeling , on the 26 iA of April ,
jg ike same place , Mr . Colquhoun , faithful to his Wri , rote , after the transaction tf other business , cd laid the plan brfore the assembly . " This -g . corretpondent avers to be equally untrue with At foregoing , cs Mr . Matthew CaUum vntro faced the question ofthe new move" in terms ^ p t ^ ere very yinin , and not to be misunderstood j % e next sentence of which Mr . Co- ' quhoun BBrt&iAi is this : — "After doing so , he ( J . ColtrjMWj delivered a very noisy pkillippic against fa promtil gators of such a document , threw ovJ kpvu&liens as to their motives , and concluded it moving a strong resolution , voting strong etuttre on Lotett and Collins fvr so doing . " Mr . Colg'ihoun denies the foregoing , appeals t »
fa resolution ( which was withdrawn ) for proof , sn ^ nJfi rms *^ ° * what he said was mere gaiter of fact , which he dares Mr . Malcolm to nhU- He proceeds to say : — " The report oj fa next and last meeting is in keeping with the dove . The remarks on what Mr . AT Kay said gn false as hclL Mr . M . concluded with an tucdote ; but tcha : he began with Malcolm dare act repeat . He says : — Mr . Rots proposed a tfte of thanis to Mr . Colguhoun for his good conduct . ' Mr . Ross proposed a vote of thanks , itthedid not soy for what" Mr . Colquhoun vault up vith a warm and pithy comment upon gu , end with the exclamation , " O'Connor is Ar nark ! So much for the Patriot , sot the
people ' s paper . J 3 Cfts Porcs for Mis . Frost , noticed in oar last , from " Wolverhampton , Bilston , West Bromwidi and Walaall , " iu from Wednesbmy , and &ey mnted the above place * to follow their enmpJe . Willis BOLLASD , >* E"W ? OST , ISLE OP WIGHT , fe entitled to the plate , Send to Mr . Yiotet for ii . He ¦ would receive it from Mi . Cleave . j . AHKI 5 , Boclogse . —The plates due are at Mi . Joka Ck » Te " B . jf . E , Gloccestebshibe , send Post-Btampr l &mxssz , Tarso . —The parse ] vai sent to Mr . Jeka Cleave , to be forwarded as desired . A spedmb of Bmmefct was sent by post
fi leg to assure Mr . O'Connor ' s friends that he receives more letters than he can possibl y anvur . We trust this announcement will be sufjident for U < o * e ickose letters remain unanswered . i . tannm , Letes Mills . —The portrait was sent f x . M'Li&es , Tbe parcel waited a few days for some rf tbe works be ordered . Theylbave been sent , toptbH with the } liter , to A . Heywood , ManchesUT , to be forwarded in tbe Glasgow parcel . JjK 5 8 Kni , ALiX ) a . —Fifteen were sent last week . Jfewp * pers to the United States are charged twopeoce , bat they cannot be sent if more than aeTen fenedd ,
FOB MBS . FBOST . £ . s . d . b » tbe Chartist Association , Belper ... 0 10 0 . the Chartista of York 7 * . D . Hartley , Leeds 0 2 0 . Knansiborougb . 0 2 3 _ a out-acd-oat Chartist , Leeds ... 0 0 6 . JobsHalJ 0 0 6 . Hmskt ... . 0 11 0 . Sboreham , Sussex , per F . Hards ... 030 . B . Wileoei , WbitHy 0 10 . i few Friends at Dewsbury and Hangjb ^ H eaton Common Side ... 0 13 0 . » feirC 3 iar * 2 st 3 at Stratford 0 2 5 . \ Friend at Tppei Wortley , per H . S . 0 2 6 _ i few Friends to Chartisni at
Newcastle , Staffordshire 0 9 0 . Ctrrentry , per D . Baciery 0 13 6 _ Darlington , per X . Bragg 1 i 11 . Stciesley , per W . Hebden . 070 . the Female ChaitisU , Campsie , near Glasgow ... 0 6 9 _ theJiaSe da , do . 10 5 . & fe-w Friends at Mill Brook , Staley Wood , per P . Deegan . 086 . MiddJesbre 10 0 - &e Chirtisfe of Bsrmondsey 0 7 0 . Tori , per Mr . PaUeyn , ... ... 0 2 6 . Jiatiiyr TydTil , per D . 3 > arris ... 10 0 rtaiHl TTITES AXD TaXIlIES OF THB rKCiKCKKATKD CHASTISIS . PratfiaCbarfist Asssdation , Belper ... 0 10 0 - London—proceeds of a raffls foi a
barorueter 12 3 10 ; . fcest H-jiton , per Baracloogh ... 090 : . Heir lli ' is , Gleueestenidre , T . W . H . 0 0 li - SaMmiy , Wito , per J . Wiliinson ... 0 1 o " i K'UUCii P 2 JSO . \ Z 2 S' A-VI > C 3 AEIE& COSTSSIJOy : rr ^ D , j ntoDsEiel Brindl ^ y 10 ! - Jcto Tamer 1 0 ' - iFiknd 6 0 2 6 1 - Sbe Chirrists of Brighton 0 10 0 \ - stoBrhriiEc , psr J . Chance 0 8 0 ' ; - » Frieod 10 tbe Ctase , Leeda 0 0 3 ' - X- E ^ Horsfcrtli 0 0 6 ) - 2 . Pjbus and two friends 0 1 e ! » GiTwn , near "Hniif ftT , by three friends I offreedom . 816 ; - Irrersed ge and HeckmoDdwite _ . 0 8 1 < - 'toe peraons at Shaftesbury , per J . \ Williams 0 16 ; - Ihiston , near Carlisle ... 0 5 0 ; - » few friends at Kewport , Salop ... 0 5 9 \ - MtB ^ TerUy 0 10 ! - » few friends at Wakall , per ill . ! Crew 0 3 0 - » EEcs ] et friend 0 1 6 I - Oldhsm Charter Association 0 10 0 i - CsTectry , per D . Backery 0 6 6 I - Suttslty , per W . Hebden ... ... 050 ] - &snnsgroTe 0 10 0 1 - Chesterfield , per W . Martin 9 2 6 } the females of Chesterfield , per Wai- i Jizeham ilartin 0 5 6 ] ! - York isecoadsub . ) ... 0 7 3 ; j- - Csrciff , Wales ... - Oil 0 ; ^ rOS XKS . CLiTTOS . ¦ [ f ^ Hiddlesbro' 0 3 0 j I TOR Ml HOET . j * Ywi , per W . Ccrdenx 0 1 6 i - Mtrshyr Tyd-rD , per D . Daris ... 050 ! ^ OK A FEW TEETOTALLERS AT MEXSTBY . ! For ilrs . O'Brien ... 2 6 i _ ilrs . Clayton ... 2 6 I -. ilrs-Peddie ... 2 6 [ I _ Jlra . Frost 2 6 I - Chartist Victim Fund 2 6 ; I 0 12 6 !
^ T OF THE WHIGS AXD GLORIOUS TRIUTJPH OF THE CHARTISTS . J * town Df BirmiEgham has been in a state of . ^ acitemeiit for the last week . Small knots . " ^ s and Gjrn Lasf repealers , were to be Been its tooc S ' a tbe streets in all directions , beating * TiiSrn : u' The workshops and factories were **« c , and intimidation , cajolery , and all the arts « fSr ^ t ^ ? ^^ recourse u > in order te prop np & ik ^ ¦ ^ ' an induce the working men to » me petiuong got np at the hole-and-corner meet-¦ ¦ 4 t f £ ^ * ' ^ . ngtQ mustered courage , and came i , ~? . <« veraiiii&tk > n of callintr a town ' s meeting . A was got n-p the
^^« i requesting Mayor to call |^? = g at the town-hall , and on Satnrday large we posted containing a long list of requisition-; 3 T » gmD £ noiice that a meeting wonld be held ££ ^ f *^ ? n tlje folJowb g Monday , at eleTen ^ tetr ° d ^* ° eoBsideraticn tbe propriety of ftrT ! r | i ' ariiaiaent for a reTision of the Corn 't& Ma * ° ^^^ T * ® placard was signed ei ^ L ^?* " & * Cbartkts were not idle . i ^ f ^^ J issued a placard , of which the folfS , ? * «> PJ , ~ "Hurrah ! for the Charier ! Itited , ? en look on * . —The base TVTiigs-the robhftteT- ^^ 6 ^ 13 of the poor , —they who passed K ^ Poor I * wf --who hare crowded the * W » rtHi ctsrt ^ vi ctiaiE—are now nwkirg tei D * " * Ic ^ 'o perpetuate their Tillany for seven i * eew " WiU you allow them ! Ifnot . stterd hnwirt v 1 . " town-hall ,-oa Monday next , 'fetr ^ - c ? 6 e ' bI «» Fi u > d brutal WhigH , and •^ Jws of tae la : e National ConTenticn . Now , » c ' eW y ' raI ] r '' ° the town-hall , at half-past uck . By order of the Katioual Char-
ter AflBociatJom George White , secretary . " This placard was quickly followed bj others ; and on Suuday no le&s than fi ? e different pxacards were to be seen ; the walla were luerally covered . One of them , signed " John Collins , " told them not to gulled with a Berenpenny loaf reform . The others emanated from the Tories . A numerous meeting took place on Sunday evening , at the Chauist Meeting Room , Freeman-street , which was addressed in an energetic manner by Mr . Dean Taylor . Mr . G . White then lead a resolution for the approval of the meeting , which he intended as an amendment to tbe Whig propositiona . The resolution was unanimously agreed to , and the meeting adjourned to nine o ' clock the
following morning , when the morning arrived , groups of men were to ba seen parading the streets , the grand field day being the Bole topic of conversation . The Chartists met again at Freeman-street , at nine o dock on Monday , and made their final arrangements , after which they sallied forth in high glee to the place of meeting , » nd stood before the vanoos entrance ! to tbe Hall . At half-past ten , the doors were thrown open . — The rush was tremendous , all > artiea hastening to secure the best position . The immense hall , which is calculated to hold ten thousand people , was soon crammed , amongst whom was a large sprinkling of the fair sex , who seemed to take a livuly interest in the matter . At , a quarter to eleven o ' clock , the
, Mayor , Messrs . Pouglas , Salt , Edmonds , Boaltb . se , Weston , and other gentlemen , made their appearance in the organ gallery . S : > me parties in the body of the hall endeavoured to get up a cheer , but it was " no go . " Mr . Muktz then took the chair and was cheered by tbe meeting . The Chartist staff then appeared , and fell in , " rank and file , " on the left of the Chairman , and were loudly cheered . At eleven o ' clock , tho Mayor stood up and stated that as the time for commencing the business had arrived , he should recommend them to give every person who addressed them a fair and impartial hearing . He hoped they would assist him in keeping order , and afterwards decide as they thought proper . He then introduced Mr . Aid . Weston .
Mr . Weston proceeded to address the meeting In the usual anti-Corn Law style . He read a string of statistics , shewing as well as he knew how the immense benefits that would arise from the proposition of the Ministry , descanted on the great blessings of cheap bread and cheap sugar , ana concluded with a few fine flourishes about his love for the people . He then prcpos ^ d a BtriBg of resolutions approving the Ministerial plan , and also a petition founded on the same , and sat down amidst a mixture of groans and cheers . Mr . Geobgk Edmo . ni > s seconded the resolution , and with a significant nod of his head towards the Chartist speakers , informed the Chairman that he should reserve what he had to say until a future stage of the proceedings .
Mr . Geob&b Whits then presented himself , and was received with loud and repeated cheers from the jtthh «» tis » assembly . He said that he held in his hand an amendment to the proposition brought before them b y Mr . Alderman Weston , ap d he hoped that all parties would give a fair and impartial hearing to each speaker , as that was the only way to elicit truth , and come to a just conclusion . The question now before them had been long agitated , and he felt highly pleased that the Chartists had at last got an opportunity of meeting their opponents face to face . ( Loud cheers . ) He was happy to find that the same steps which were taken by the anti-Corn Law party at Manchester had not been followed ap at Birmingham / He considered that meeting as a
full and fair representation of the town , as all parties had free access ; and whatever decision they came to that day would and ought to go forth to the country as the solemn decision of the men of Birmingham on this important question . ( Hear , hear . ) He had listened with great attention to the statements of Mr . Weston , but he should not follow his example ^—namely ; going to all parts of the world in search of arguments . He should content himself by stating facts which were known to them all , and which no man could controvert . Tbe Chartists had been called Tories for the part they took in the Corn Law question , and the only reason that could be given was , that they wonld not bs Whigs . Some people seemed to have
strange notions , and to fancy that any man , not being a Whig , must , as a matter of course , be a Tory . Bat he had a bit of a secret to tell the gentlemen onTiia right . ( Laughter . ) There was a party in this country called Chartists , who were an overwhelming majority of tbe nation , and they would prove it to them before they left th&t hall . ( Loud and repeated cheers . ) What , after all , was the proposition bronghi forward by Mr . Weston or her Majesty ' s Ministers ! What benefit would it confer on tbe working classes ! None whatever . Were they to bs told , that after years of unparalleled suffering , the present measure was the only oue intended for their relief I Away with snch mockery ! Were ihe toiling , etarring , and oppressed working men of
Great Britain to be told that tbe present paltry humbug was all that they were to receive from their tender-hearted rulers \ Down with such impostors ! But what was the real amount of benefit which the measure vrouid cofifer , even taking all that had been advanced by Mr . Weston to be true , and he couiJ not expect to be placed in a better position than that . It appeared that the duty on sugar was to be made less by Is . 6 d . on every cwt . than it was a ; present . Let them calculate how much that would reduce the poor man ' s pound or half a pound ; it would Eoi make half a farthing kss . He congratulated the gentlemen on his right on their happy selection of a subject on ¦ which to make their appearance before the public . It wa 3 a very &weet one .
( Loud laughter . ) Bat tkey would find to their sorrow , that neither sweet smiles , or sweet words would again entrap the working men . He would ask the meeting whether they were _ willing to be csj \ led by men who had already deceived them , and again put them in a position where they could sell their righte for a lick of 6 ugar 1 ( No . ) No , it would not do to tell that tale nowadays ! The working men wtre too enlightened , and the promises of a mouthful of bread or a spoonful of sugar w&uid not f atisfy them ; Tiiey were determined to have full and complete justice and nothing less . He wished the meeting to look at . the consistency of the men who made the present proposition , that they wished for an augniPntationofthe revenue—what earthly
difference did it make to them whether they paid taxes out of their right or their left pt > cket , so long as they were compelled to pay the same amount , foi it was well known that the whole would be wrung from the labour aud sweat of the working classes . Mr . We&ton had also complained of tbe enormous duties which were levied on imported articles , and the imail amouui levied in Aicerica . He would tell them the causa of it . The Americans had not to pay fifty millions of taxes annually , to keep horses ol Whig and Tory bloodsuckers . ( Loud cheers . ) On the contrary , the whole expences of their Government were not so much as was paid to the Bench of Judges in this country . ( Shame . ) The Chartists , then , were the ouly class of politicians
Bho proposed a real aud permanent remedy . Tney were also told by Mr . Weston , that if the master manufacturers were better off , they wouldjpay higher wages to their men . He doubted it , for were they not building palace * for themselves on the outskirts of every lai ^ e town ?—and it was his belief that if they had mansions equal to that of tbe Duke of BucdtBgh ., they would not then be satisfied . It had been often stated by those parties , that the value of land had increased enormously of late years . Why , then , wa . 3 not the condition of th « agricultural labourer bettered ! Instead of that being the case , they found that they were getting worse , and he had no reason to think that the manufacturers were any belter than their neighbours .
The fact was , that if labourers were scarce , they would receive high wages , but when they were plentiful , the masters ktpt them at starvation point , no mauer how large their profits . They were told that the measure now proposed ' wouldincreasetrade . Well , suppose tbat it did I The manufacturers would increase machinery to such an extent as to overstock the globe—and if they even had a trade to the moon , and all ihs planets—allowing that they were popnlaud , and that they could reach them , the workiEg men - would eoon be as badly off as ever . \ Bst he saw no reason why Englishmen ought not to live without being slaves for every ether nation , and be everlastingly immured in factories . He saw , no reason why poor little children should be dragged \ from their beds on a frosty morning , and converted i
into cripples , in order to make a fortune for other i people . He would tell them that there wss no i hope of bettering their condition until their labour ; was protected , and that tbeir cn ! y chanco of an \ effectual remedy was in the establishment of the ; People ' s Charter . He conjured them to stand up in the digcity of manhood , and declare to tbe world that they would be free . ( Luud cheers . ) They ! had seen that Mr . Edmonds had reserved himself , i in order to make use of his powers of cajolery . Hej warned them to be on their guard ; the welfare of j themselves , their families , and ibeir country de-, pended on their , decision tbat day . He considered that he had fnlly refuted everything advanced by Mr . WeEton ; he should therefore leave tbe matter to their judgment , and propose the following amend- ;
ment : — i " Resolved—That the present measure of relief proposed by the Wh ; gs , is an insult to the toilworn i and , suffering miiliuns of this conn try ; and proves that thty hare no desire to do justice to the people . They have aisa proved , by eight years of heartless profligacy aud m . sxuie , that their roost solemn promises are not to hi regarded , and that they are unworthy of the people ' s confidence . That akbongh the Corn Laws are unju 3 t and oppressive , yet the present House" of-Commons being inimical to the ; people's rights , will not repeal the same , except through an agitation bordering oa Revolution . " He ihen sat down amid loud cheering .
Mr . Besjamis Hill seconded the amendment As Mr . Edmonds had reserved himself , they had resolved to keep seme of their great guns reserved also . Hs hoped that the discussion might be fairly
conducted , apd that each part ) would receive a patient hearing . ( He was immediacy interrupted by a gentleman named Smith . ) Mr . fl ) 'l proceeded . He was very sorry that Mr . Smith left h ? 3 brains at home , and could conduct himself no better . ( Some confusion here took place , and after an explanation from Mr . Smith , Mr . Hill resumed . ) He supported the amendment because be considered the Whig proposal to be an outrageous insult to the unfortunate beings who were compelled to toil for four or five shillings per week , to offer them such a paltry and contemptible measure , which , if it was ever carried , would not , according to the representation of its warmest advocates , do any more than reduce a ponnd of mg » r from Id . to 6 id . The working
men could not afford to lose their time in agitating for the repeal of the Corn Laws , and were determined to get rid of her Majesty's brutal ministers . Would the working men be ihe tools to prop up tbe most wicked Government that ever existed in this country ! ( No , no , and loud cheers . ) He knew they would not . Mr . Muntz , the member for Birmingham , had declared in his place in Parliament , "that a repeal of the Corn Laws could not be effected without reducing wages , and that it meant that , or it meant nothing ; " yet the same man sends a letter to the inhabitants of Birmingham , advising them to Bupport the present measure . Where wa 3
the consistency of such conduct ! The people of this ill-used country were already in deep trouble , and it was the intention of the Corn Law repealers to make them still worse and bring them to a level with their suffering brethren in Ireland . They were told to agitate lor the present measure . He would do no such thing , for he knew that the same amount of agitation that earned the Reform Bill would also carry a Republic , if they thought proper . Why not agitate for the Charter , and then they could settle all . other questions ? For these reasons he would second the amendment . Mr , Hill retired and was loudly and deservedly cheered .
Robert Kkllie Douglas then made his appearance in front , and was treated to a hearty round of hisses , mingled with a few weak choers . He endeavoured to get up a smile , bat could not manage it ; he saw that his day was gone by . He however commenced to tell much the Bame story as the worthy AJderana who preceded him . He said that Mr . White had told them that the value of land had increased . That was just what he wanted to impress on their minds . He then endeavoured to exonerate himself from the charge of wishing to assist the Whigs ; h » declared that he would have nothing to do with them . ( The meeting did not relish this , and commenced shouting " It won ' t do , " We don ' t believe you , " &c ) He hoped they would give him a
hearing ; he had been all his life a reformer , aud thought they should allow him to be heard . C Wo have heard you too often . " ) Mr . Douglas then produced a small map with a zig-zag line drawn through the middle , in order to show the meeting the rise and fall in the price of corn , and got lapgbed and hooted at for his pains . He then proSnoea Taifs Magazine , in order , as he stated , to read an account of tho Manchester massacre . The meeting grew uproarious , hooting and yelling with all their might , so that not a single word was heard about the evil doiuga of the Tories . Mr- Douglas then flew into a violent rage . He bellowed and foamed in first-rate
style , and finding that fail , he begged most pitifully . The Chairman and Chartist speakers exerted themselves to procure him a hearing , aud ultimately succeeded . He then proceeded to tell the meeting that the men who stood with him were the most honourable men that could be found , and gave them to understand that he did not approve of the leaders whom the people had thought proper to choose . He then delivered a long tirade against the Tories , and concluded by stating that the question was not whether they would have the Whigs , bu * whether they would rupport tbe Tories . He retired amidst terrific yells and groans , and looked mortified beyond measure .
Mr . John Collhts then stood forward , and was received with loud cheers . He said that he had listened to the concluding remarks of Mr . Douglas , aud could not see what they meant , unless to prop the Whigs . When Mr . Douglas took bo much pains to abuse the Tories for their misdeeds , he could draw no other inference except that it was meant to make the Whigs appear better . Mr . Douglas had read them a long story about the misdeeds of the Tories , and the Manchester Massacre ; but he said not a word about the Irish Coercion Bill or the Bull Ring . ( Loud cheers . ) Those gentlemen would have them to think that corn grew like blackberries , and required neither capital nor labour—that it had only to be picked up . He had a document drawn up by "
one of their own friends , from which it appeared that the warehousing , freight , aud dues of various descriptions , which was laid upou corn . ' caving foreign ports , amounted to 18 s . 3 d . per quarter . ^ A-id to this the Us . fixed duty proposed by the Whiga , and he should like to know how much better they would be off , or what benefit they would receivu from the measure . ( Loud cries of " Hear , hear . " ) Jlr . Douglas had stated something about the amount which the Corn Tax placed in the pockets of the landowners . If be were to be robbed , it mattered not to him by which party the robbery was effected , for if the Corn Laws were repealed , ha saw no likelihood of ita bettering the condition of his class . He would shew the meeting that the proposed measure was not intended
t # do them any good , for the resolutions cf the gentlemen on hi 3 rigkt , admitted that it -was intended to increase the revenue . But they were told that the present measure was to act as a wedge . Why ? The Reform Bill was held up to them merely as a wedge . And what good had they received from it How camo it to pass that the present measure was propose . l by the Whig Ministry ? Had they only just found out that their previous policy was erroneous ? If so , it proved that they were not capable of governing . ( Loud cheers . ) But they were in a minority , and consequently threw out the pTeaent bait , and if he was fully satisfied that they were now sincere , he must confess that he liked not a sick bed repentance , for they often found that those who made the largest promises in that situation , seldom
fnlfilled them when the danger was removed , —( laughter ) ;—but giving them all credit for sincerity , the present measure vras not calculated to benefit the working classes . Mr . Collins then proceeded to read from a list of tbe returns of the duty charged on the importation of foreign grain , and showed to the meeting that for the last few years the average duty was lets than eight shillings ; if , then , the dutj was fixed at tight shillings , it was quite clear that it would increase the revenue , and that they would have to pay more than before ; they were told by a previous speaker that if this measure was uoi passed , England would become a desert . He remembered a motto that used to be on one of the Political Union ' s flags , " England free or a desert , " and he hoped his fellow-countrymen would be content with nothing
less than freedom . He kn&w not what to think of the consistency of some men , forsouis of the persons who were the supporters of the prestnt measure were a short time back opposed not only to the present plan , which was enly a revision , but to a total repeal of the Corn Livrs . He had a paper in his hand called the Birmingham Journal , in which the repeal of the Corn Laws was scoffed at as an imposition , and which positively stated tb .-ic their repeal neither then ( at the time it 'was written ) ner at any future time could be productive o [ the least benefit . H 8 then read various extracts from the Journal , -which sV . ewed up the conduct of Mr . Djuglas in a most unfavourable light , and proved bis present conduct to be grossly inconsistent Whilst Mr . Collins was reading the extracts , ilr .
Douglas happened to put his handkerchief to his face , ¦ when there ¦ was a tremendous burst of laughter , and shouts of ( "Don't cry , Douglas . '") Mr . Collins continued . He would wish to rtmlnd the Editor of ihat paper , that the views he held of tbe Corn Laws were the tame that he had promulgated . The Editor of the Journal had instructed . the people to view the question as they then did , but the consistency of the people was not like that of some parties , it lasted longer than two or three weeks . ( Loud laughter . ) Mr . Collins declared that he had not changed . He had been often blamed , and sometimes praised , but although he liked the approbation of his fellow men , he liked that of his conscience better . The parties who endeavoured to get up the present agitation ,
¦ wanted to be enabled to compete with foreigners , and how were they to do so if they did not cheapen men's iatour ? His opinion was , that nothing would better their condition but an alteration in the present House of Commons . He would therefore conclude by supporting the amendment He retired amid loud cheers . Mr . T . C . Salt then made his appearance ; he looked much defeated when he found no cheer , no token of approbation . He commenced . by stating that he had a bad cold , but was nevertheless determined to state his views . It was not sufficient for the parties on his left to defend their views , but they attacked others personally . ( Great confusion and groans , accompanied ¦ with shouts of "No rttserters , we ve had enough of you . " " Gire us the Charter , " &c . ) He acknowledged
the principles of the Charter ; hs would go to the question like an honest man . ( Ob , oh , and confusion . ) He did not deal in high promise ? , like some people , and tell them they should have tbe Charter on a certain date . ( The hisses and yells that followed are indescribable . ) Let Chartists be Chartists . ( So we will . ) Bat if they could forward the Charter throngh the medium of the Corn Laws , why not do so ? ( Tremendous groans and hisses . ) He would give them the Charter if he could , but they were divided amongst themselves . ( We are noU Who -were the pereons that had created the present division ? It was those who talked of shouldering tbeir muskets and fighting . — ( Groans and hisses . ) They might treat him with what
hostility they thought proper . He did not care for thoir booting and groaning . He had always advocated the rights of the poor . ( Shouts of " You have not , " and hisses . ) If they would assist in the present agitation , they wonld be enabled to drag society to pieces , and then , as Cobbett said , the national debt -would be their best friend . ( Tremendous gr » ans , accompanied with cries of " We don't want to drag society to pieces , " " We want justice , " and " You aro not fit for a Chartist" ) They said he was not fit to be a Chartist ; the Chartists had turned people against them by tbeir conduct ( The meeting here gTetr uproarious , and all the effoits of the Chairman , assisted by the Ciiarti 3 t speakers , could not procure Mr . Sait a nearicg . He retired iu a rage . )
Mr . Akthub O'NETL then stood forward , and was loudly cheered . He eald he came there to give a warning voice to the people , lest by any means they &hould give-another lease to tyranny . He cast back in the teeth of their enemies the base insinuations which had been made concerning the ChartLita . They bad not come there to prove whether Chartism was dead or not ; but that meeting abundantly proved that they were neither dead nor asleep , ( Loud cheering . } They were now better informed than ever , and would not pin their faith to any man ' s sleeve , but were determided to abide by principle . ( Hear , hear . ) They had been taunted with acting with the Tories ; bat he could prove tbat the Tories were acting with them , for aomo of them had signed their requisition . The
Chartists were determined not to take a . paltry acknowledgment—they were determined to have all ( Lond cheers . ) Had they any confidence In the present offer of tbe Whig Ministry ? ( No . no . ) What was their conduct a fortnight ago with regard to the Irian franchise t After proposing five pounds , they raised it to eight pounds . ( Hear . ) As an Irishman he lifted up hU voice against auch baseness . Were there any Irishmen present ( " Yea , yes . " ) Then he called on them , In the name of their country , to scout such deceivers : their cry should be , •« PerlA the Wbig «!" They have betrajed tu . Seven or eight years had rolled over their heads : they had starved in patience , and continued to hope that the end of each year would bring them relief . They had hoped that something might induce the Whigs to lighten their burdens ; but , vain hope ! they never intended to do anything for them . They had heard several opinions with regard to the Whigs ; some sold , " Try them again . " If the
present measure was agreed to , and Ministers firmly fixed in their office , and punned the same course they had hitherto done , the gentlemen on his right would Bay the same as they then did at the expiration of the next seven years . There was no trusting them ; for if they took off a tax , what guarantee had they that they would net put it on the next week , aa they had dons with the Malt Tax . , ( Hear , hear . ) Do as they would , they - would still put their unhallowed bands , in the people's pockets . ( Hear , ) Nothing but tbe Charter could cure their numerous wrongs—but lawyers and expediency mongers could not look so high—they appealed to tbe commonest feeling of man , namely , his belly . He implored the meeting not to sell their country for a mess of pottage . If they supported this motion they would put the Whigs in power—let them stand up in the dignity of manhood and boldly demand the whole of their rights . He concluded by supporting the amendment and sat down amid load cheers .
The Rev . T . M-Doknell , then appeared close to the Chairman , and , in an agitated tremulous tone commenced his address . He said he should not make use of high sounding phrases . He had no doubt they would support those whom they knew to be their best friends , and who had been so long before them . ( Laughter . ) He knew that he not only stood in their presence , but also in the presence of his God , and therefore would not tell a lie . ( Renewed laughter , ) Why did the gentleman ! on his left laugh ? Was it because he expressed his belief in God . ( Hisses . ) He looked upon the present proposal as calculated to do good He would tell them a story that had been related by Mr . O'ConnelL ( Loud groans , and shouts of "We want to hear nothing about him . " ) He hoped they would give him as fair a hearing as they had given to the gentlemen on his left . (" We have heard enough of you . " )
The Chairman and Chartist speakers exerted themshelves to procure him a hearing , after which he proceeded . The parties on his left appeared to be all young men . He saw tbat some had black and some had brown hair . ( Mr . White then palled off his hat and stated that tbe Whigs had made bis hair grey in prison . Mr . MvDonnell replied , " Oh ; tbat is only a mark of precocious talent" ) He then stated that the Whigs were like an old hat in a broken window , although it kept oat the cold , yet it kept oat the light also , but the Tories would do neither . He then entered into along dtfenca of his own conduct , and that of his friends , during which time he was treated to a plentiful supply of groans and hisses by way of chorus . He at length retired amidst the hooting and execrations of the meeting .
Mr . Wh . Dean Taylor then stood ap , and was loudly and repeatedly cheered . Ha said , that he understood that meeting to be called for the purpose of considering the question of the Corn Laws . But the lost speaker had dwelt nearly the whole of the time on topics unconnected with the object for which the meeting was called . His speech was merely a defence of himself and friends . The speakers on the other side had entirely departed from the question . He , however , would not do so . He would prove by facts and arguments that the view taken by their opponents was totally at variance with facts . He came not there to defend the Corn Laws ; he believed them to be unjust and oppressive , but although he thought so , he maintained that the present House of Commons would not
remove them without a convulsion . With a repeal of the Corn Laws tbe parties on hia right had mixed up the sugar and timber duties , and as had already been shewn , the amount of the proposed reduction could not benefit the working man ; and the Corn Laws beinj ; repealed , without at the same time passing other remedial measures , would inevitably bring unmixed ruin on the agriculturist . He then directed their attention to the subject of machinery . Foreign countries -were manufacturing for themselves , and machinery was being exported from this country on a large scale , which enabled them not only to compete with this country , but actually to undersell them . He then read a list of the amount of machinery which had been exported from this country to various foreign
ports for the last ten years , from which it appeared tbat the exportation of machinery to other parts had increased enormously . Mr . Taylor then continued—Now , looking at these statements , he wanted to know how they could expect those countries to pull down their mills , and cease to manufacture ? He would adduce an argument that would show tbe meeting that Corn Laws were not tbe sole cause of dear bread ; for in 1803 the people paid lOd . for a loaf , and in 1812 they paid 20 d . ; and in those years the Corn Laws wore not in existence . He , therefore , aeketl them whether tbe proposed reduction would procure them the benefit they sought ? Even allowing that the present measure would give them bread at half its present price , still the masters had the power of grinding down the
wages of the working man . What object had the advocates of the measure in view , if it was not the reduction of wages , for unless they did that , they would be no more able to compete with foreigners than they were at present ; and , if their wages were to be reduced , what possible benefit could they derive from ths measure ? The working classes of this country had been worked like slaves , and fed like hogs ; they had been working for the whole world , instead ef themselves . Their machinery had done them no good ; but , on the contrary , produced unheard of misery amongst the great mass of the people . There were other evils in existence besides the Corn Laws ; there were Poor Laws—( hear , hear , and cheers)—Police Laws , and a host of other bad laws , which had brought the labourers
of this country to a state of unparalleled slavery and degradation . They were told that public opinion was capable of carrying the proposed measure . He admitted it ; but if public opinion was marshalled , tbe came amount would carry tbe Charter . ( Loud cheers . ) The Whigs knew that public opinion was against them , and for that reason they crept into holes and corners . There was no principle in their present proposition , and he heped that now the men of Birmingham were assembled in their thousands , they weuld shew to the world that they were determined to be free . For tbe reasons he had stated , he should support Mr . White's amendment ; and he then retired amidst the most enthusiastic applause .
Mr . Goddard then addressed the meeting in a vory weak voice . He said that he was one of the little guns on his side of tbe question ; something had been said concerning the little guna on the other side , but he thought tbey were all big ones . He then proceeded to pass some remarks on the American trade , which were of no importance . Mr . Empson replied to Mr . Goddard ' s remarks , and read some statistics which shewed up the fallacies of the Com Law repealers . Mr . George Edmonds , who took notes during the whole of the proceedings , and who was to have been the lion of the day ( at least he seemed to think sp ) , then stood forward ta give a final reply to the Chartist arguments . He pulled out Ma gold-framed' eye-glass ,
and looked as big as possible ; and after a few "hems , " commenced his speech . He reminded the meeting of the great services which he had rendered to the people . He had been the first to call a meeting In Birmingham for Reform , and he had never deviated from it Who ¦ was it that created the presentfclivisipn amongst them ? Feargus O'Connor had done so , when he first came among them ; but be had stood up against his wild measures . ( The yells , groanB , and hisses that followed this declaration were really astounding : the valiaut George looked terrified , and he beseeched in a nisst pitiful manner that he might bo heard ; but the remainder of his address could only be caught in detached portions by those who stood near him in the organ gallery . ) He had been before them for twenty years .
and no man had suffered mo-re than him in the people ' s cause . ( Groans and hisses ) He then read some statements from the Advertiser , in order to shew np the -Tories , but it would not do . He then commenced an attack on the Chartist speakers , said that they were . all young menand strangers . Ho could not think what could induce the men of Birmingham to place their confidence in such men , and to desert their best friends . ( Loud laughter . ) He asked Mr . Collins what sort of a government he wanted ? If they turned out the Whigs they were sure to have the Tories , and In the present Btate of society , they could not get a Chartist Government .
( Hisses and groans . ) He was as much opposed to ttia Whigs as they were . Let no man think that he wished to support them—( bah , bah , )—because they wanted to get -what they called the Charter , were they to forego the present benefit ? ( Renewed uproar . ) Would they fee silent vrhilst he addressed them ? ( No , no . ) He then flew into a rage , and commenced a long tirade of abuse against Mr . Collins ana the other Chartist speakers , amidst uproar and confusion . The Mayor interfered , and he was allowed to proceed under a promise of only speaking a few minutes . He then proceeded : Could they get tho Charter from the Whigs ? No ! Could they get it from the Tories ? No !
When the people were united they could get anything by moral means ; but he would oppose a physical force party . ( Renewed hisses ) He then attacked Feargus O'Connor for proposing a day on which the Charter should becom 9 law . Mr . White interposed , and told him it was cowardly and base to attack a man who was in prison , and could not have an opportunity of defending himself . ¦ : ¦ : -. " . ¦ ' ¦ ¦ ;• ¦ ¦' ; ' ' : .- ' " . ¦ Mr . Edmonds endeavoured to gain a hearing , but it was no use , the meeting would not hear him . He looked the picture of despair , frothing and foaming like a man beside himself . He at length turned round and said he would take his leave of them , and hand them over to his friends on the left He then sat down and was hissed most cordially by the immense assembly , which was estimated , at that time , to be twelve thousand , tbe hall and the galleries being crammed fnUL . . '¦ ' ¦¦'¦ ¦ ¦ ¦' . ' ¦ ... - : ¦ ¦'¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ - ¦ ¦¦;¦ ¦ '
The Chairman then arose , and stated that it now became his duty to take the sense of the meeting on the resolution which bod been proposed , and as he was rather hoarse , he would request the movers of both resolutions to read them to the meeting , that they might dearly understand what they were voting for . The Rot . T . M'Donkell then read a string of propositions approving of the measure contemplated by her Majesty ' * Ministers , and read a petition embodying the same . Mr . George White read hia amendment , after which
The Mayor stood up and stated that , in order to come to a just decision , he hoped they would hold tip both hands . He should put the resolutions in the following manner ;—When he put the amendment he wonld aay—Mr . White ' s amendment ; and when he put the original resolution he should say—Mr . Weston ' s resolution . Did they understand him ? ( Yes , yes . ) The most profound silence was kept , and the Mayor called on all those who approved of Mr . White ' s amendment to hold np their hands ; an immense forest , comprising at least nine-tenths of the meeting , held up their hands , and gave a cheer that fairly shook the building . The Chairman then pat it to the contrary , when a very small portion of " Milk White" hands were held up .
The Chairman then declared the amendment of Mr . White to be carried with a considerable majority . This announcement was received by loud and enthusiastic cheers and waving of handkerchiefs from the ladies who crowded the side galleries . The ministerial gentry then requested the Mayor to put tbe question again , to which he consented , and on the second show of hands being taken it seemed larger in favour of tbe Chortuts than before . The Mayob . then said that he had no hesitation in declaring the amendment carried by a very considerable majority . The announcement gave rise to deafening and enthusiastic oheera . The gentlemen on the right of the chair looked on each other with dismay , and shook thtir heads in solemn silence .
Mr . Douglas then stepped forward , and declared to the meeting , that he acknowledged they had been fairly beaten . ( Load cheers . ) Mr . Arihur O'Neil then moved the following resolution , which had originally formed a part of Mr . White ' s amendment , but was reserved as a second , by the desire of the Chartists who were in the gallery . Resolved— " That the same amount of public opinion calculated to Repeal tbe Corn Laws , wonld secure for the people the whole of their rights ; this meeting is , therefore , determined not to rest satisfied until the Charter , the whole Charter , and nothing less , become the law of this realm , and the incarcerated and exiled Cbarthts be restored to their homes . " The resolution was received with loud cheers . Mr . Collins seconded the resolution .
The parties on the right of the chair insisted that it had no reference to the present meeting , and requested the Mayor not to put it . The Mayor hoped the Chartists would not insist , as there was some doubt about it The Chartists , feeling that they had already achieved a full and complete victory , and that no person could deny that tbeir principles had been acknowledged to the fullest extent , and also on account of the impartial manner in which the Mayor had put tbe resolutions , consented not to press it A vote of thanks was then given to the Mayor for his impartial conduct , to which he replied tbat he would always endeavour to act impartially , and give all parties fair play ; he at the same time informed them that he did not approve of the decision they had come to that day .
Mr . White then proposed three cheers for the Charter , which were given in the first style ; three for Feargus O'Connor , which was also heartily responded to ; and three for the incarcerated Chartists . Three terrific groans were then given for the Whigs , after which the numerous assembly departed . No less than twenty thousand people attended from the commencement to the conclusion .
WAKEFIELD ADJOURNED SESSIONS . NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN , that tbe SPRING GENERAL QUARTER SESSIONS of the PEACE , for the West Ridinj ? of the County of York , will be held by Adjournment in . the Committee Room , at the House of Correction , at Wakefield , on Wednesday , the Ninth day of June next , at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon , for the purpose of inspecting the Riding Prison , ( the said Home of Correction , ) and for examining the Accounts of the Keeper of the said House of Correction , making Inquiry into the conduct of the Officers and Servants belonging the same ; and also into the behaviour of the Prisoners , and their Earnings .
And Notice is also Hereby Given , tbat at tho samo time and place , the Resolution of the Visiting Justices of tho Rouse of Correction , passed at a Meeting held there on tbe " 29 ih day of April last , on the subject of tho future Rates on the Boroughs of Leeds , Doncaster , aud Pontefract , towards enlarging , aUoring , or repairing the present House of Correction , or building a New Gaol or House of Correction , will be taken into consideration , and such orders made thereon as the Justices there assembled may think fit . C . H . ELSLEY , Clerk of the Peace . Clerk of the Peace ' s Office , Wakefield , May 21 st , 1841 .
FITZHUGH < fe 0 . GRIMSHAW , 10 , GOREE PIAZZAS , GEORGE'S DOCK , LIVERPOOL ,. ¦ pvESPATCH fine First-Class AMERICAN xJ SHIPS , of large Tonnage , for the following Ports , namely :-NEW YORK . PHIL ABELPHIA , BALTIMORE ; BOSTON , and NEW ORLEANS , in which Passengers caa be accommodated with comfortable berths ia the Cabin , second Cabin , and Steerage . Persons about to emigrate may save themselves the expeace and delay of waiting in Liverpool , by writing a Letter , addressed as above , which will be immediately an * swered , the exact day of sailing , and the amount of Passage-money told them ; by remitting a part of the Passage Money to Liverpool , Berths will be secured , aud it will not be necessary for them to be in Liverpool , till the day before sailing . N . B . The Ship never finds Provisions for Second Cabin or Steerage Passengers , aud Emigrants are imposed upon by Agents agreeing to find them . FOR NEW YORK , Tons Tons Ship . Capt . Register . Burthen . TaSaU . SHEFFIELD Allen 580 1000 1 st June ( Regular Line of Packet Ship . ) SPLENDID Crocker 650 1000 3 rd June LIVERPOOL Dovenport 650 11 ) 00 9 th June CARROL OF CARROLLTON Bird 650 1000 15 th June FOR BOSTON , STIRLING Saunders 450 700 4 th Jane Apply as above . Liverpool , May 23 th , 1841 .
L 2 ^ Meeting At The Town-Hall, I Birmingham.
l ^ MEETING AT THE TOWN-HALL , I BIRMINGHAM .
West Riding Of Yorkshire
WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE
^ ^ ___ """ ' ' ' " " " . THE NOBTHEHN STAR / X _ ^_^ ' 5
Northern Star (1837-1852), May 29, 1841, page 5, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1111/page/5/