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THE NORTHERN STAR,. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1841.
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THE NATIONAL PETITION £ OR 1842 . £ The following is the petition we have spoken of in ajshort leading article ; and we again beg to press it upm the attention of every working man -in the Umted Kingdom . } To the Honourable the Commons of Crtai Britain and Ireland , in Parliam&d assembled . Tke Petition of the Vrtdenzsued People of iht- United Kingdom , Shewexh , Tiiat G-overnment originated front , was ^ elided to protect the freedom and promote the happiness of , and « ugat to be responsible to , tae wliole people ; That the only authority oa which any body of men can make laws and govern aociety , is delegation frwn the people ;
That as Government iraa designed for the benefit aad protecti « n of , and must be obeyed and supported by , iU , therefore , all should be equally represented ; That any form of GorernHieEt , which faiis to effect Hie purposes for which it was designed , and does not inUy and completely represent the whole people who * re compelled to par taxes to its support , and obey the laws resolved upon by it , is unconsdtatioaal , -tjran-Bkal , aad cnght to emended or resisted ; Tbst yonr Honourable HoE 3 e , as at present constitmted , has not betn -elected by , and acts irresponsibly of , tie pe-ple ; and-fcitherto has onlyrepresected parties , and bencnttcrd the few , regardless of tba emeries , grievances , and petitions of the otaay . Year Honourable Honse has eascted laws contrary te the expressed Irishes of the people , and , by unconstitutional means , enforced obedienco to teem ; thereby croting an cnfcearable despotism on the one hand , aad degrading atavery on the ofeer ;
That if your Honourable Hesse is of opinion that ¦ the people of Great Britain and Ireland ocght sen ta be FtJLiT E . EP 2 . Efe £ > 'TED , yoor petitioners : pray that-Ecch -opinion may be uncquiTOcally Bade known , that the people may fully understand what they can ot cannot expect from yoar Honourable Hooae ; because if snch be ¦ tbe decision of your Honourable House , your petitioners ¦ are of opinion that -whererepresentation is denied , taxa tion ought to be resisted ; That your petitioners instance , in pnwf of their asser-* tJon that your Honourable House has not been elected by the peeple , that the population of Great Britain and Ireland is at the present time ' about twerrtf-srs millions of persons ; and that yet , out of this-ccxaber , little more than nine hundred thousand hava bean jp ^ nnkted to Tote in the recent election of representatives to mate laws to govern the whole ;
That the existing state of representation is not only extremely limited and urjust , tat UBequaiJy divided , and gives preponderating influence to landed : md monied interests , to the utter ruin of the -sinail-tradiag and labouring classes ; That the borough of Guildford , with a population of 3 , 920 , returns to Parliament as many Members as the Tower HamletE , with a population of iuO . &OO ; Eve-« ham , with a population of 3 , 998 , elects . as many representatives as Manchester , with a population of 2 uO , 00 Q ; and Bnckiceiaci , Eresham , Totaess , Gai'dford , Honilou , and Bridpsrt , - with a total population of 23 . 000 , return as many representatives as Manchester , Finsbery , Tower Hamlets , Liverpool , Slaryieboiie , and lambeth , irith a population of 1 , 400 , 600 ! these being bnt a very few instances of the enormous in ; qualities existing ia whit is called the representation cf this « ountry ;
That bribery , mtimidahcn , corruption , penury , and riot , pre-rail at all Parliamentary elections , % o ac t-xtent best understood by the members ef your Honourable Souse ; That your Petitioners complain that they are enormously taxed to pay the interest of what is termed the National Dsbt—a debt amoanticg at present to eight hundred millions of paands—being only a portion of the trorinous amount expended in cruel and expensive \ rsrs for tie suppression of ail liberty , by men not authorised by the People , and who , consequently , had no right to tiiX posterity for the outrages committed by them upon mankind . And your Petitioners loudly complain of the xagmentaticn of that debt , after twenty-six years of almost nointerrBpted peace , and whilst poverty and discontent rage over the land ;
That taxation , both general and local , is at this time too enormous to be borne ; and in the opinion of your Petitioners is contrary to the spirit of the BUI of Bights , wherein it is clearly expressed ths . t no subject &all be compelled to contribute to any Isx . tslliage , er aid , unless imposed by common - censect in Parliament ; That in England , Ireland , Scotland , and Wales , thousands of people are dying from actual want ; and your Petitioners , ¦ whilst sensible that poverty is the great
exxiiing czuss of crime , view with mingled astoaiihment and alarm the ill provision msde for the poor , the aged and infirm ; and likewise perceive , with teelingB of indignation , the determination of your honourable House to continue the Poor Law Bill in operation , notwithstanding the masy proofs which have been afforded by sad experience of the unconstitutional principle cf that bill , of its urchristian character , and of the cruel and murderous effects produced upon the wages © t Working lien , aad the lives of the subjects cf this realm :
That your petitioners conceive that Bill to be contrary to all previous statutes , opposed to the spirit of the constitution , and an actual violation of the precepts of the Christian religion ; and therefore , your petitioners look with apprehension to the results which nay flo w from its continuance ; That your petitioners would direct the attention of yoor Honourable House to the great disparity existing between the wages of the producing millions ,- and the salaries of t £ ose whose comparative usefulness ought to be questioned , where riches and luxury prevail amongst the rulers , and poverty and starvation amoDgst the ruled ;
That your petitioners , with all due respect and loyalty *" ould compare the daily itccr&e of the Sovereign Majesty with that of thousands of the working men cf this nation ; and whilst your petitioners Lave learned that her Majesty receives daily for her private cse the sum cf £ 134 17 s . lOd ., they have also-ascertained that macy thousands of the families of the labourers are only in the receipt of 3 ? d , per hesdper day ; That your petitioners have also learced that his Rayal Highness Prince Albert receives each day the s-on of £ 104 2 s ., whilst thousands have to exist upon 3 d per head per day ; That youi petltionerE hava also heard with asinnishmeat , that the Sing of Hanover daily receives £ 57 103 . "whilst thonsands of the t ^ x-payers of t ? ii « empire live upon £ ^ d . per h ead psr day ;
That yonr Petitioners havs , with pain aad regret , also learned that the Arc ¥ bi / nop of Canterbury is daily in tbe receipt of £ 52 103 . per day , - whilst thousands of the poor Inve to maintain their families upon an income not exceeding two-panee per head per day ; That notwiihstanding the -vrretched and unparalleled condition o ! the People , yecr Honourable House " has manifested no disposition to curtail the expenses of the state , to diminish taxation , or promote g-ceral prosperity ; That unless immediate reEjedfaJ measures be a £ crt-: d , - you ? Petitioners fear the increasing distress ' of the ' People will lead to results fearful to contemplate ; because year Petitioners can produce evidence of the j ^ adual decline of wages , at the same time that the constant increase of the rational burdens must be aoparcnttoall ;
Teat your Petitioners know that it is the undoubted constitutional right cf the People , to meet freely , when , bow , and where they choose , in public places , peaces-Wy , in the day , to di * cuis their grievances , and political or othar subjects , or for the purpese ol framing , " discussing , or passing any vote , petition , or Temonstranoe , apon any subject whatsoever ; That your petitioners complain that the right has unlawfuUy and unconstitutionally been infringed . ; and five hundred well disposed persons have been arrested osessrre bail demanded , tried Dy packed Juries , " sentenced to imprisonment , and treated as felons of th "Worst description ;
That an unconstitutional police force is dhtributed all over the country , at enormous cost , to prevent th « -due exercise of the people ' s rights . And your pe-i " tioners are of opinion , that the Poor L * w Ba * tile and the police stations , being co-existent , have originated from the same cause , —viz , the increased desire on the part cf the irrerpoztsitee fete to oppress and starve the « o * y ; That a vast and nnconstitatioail army is upheld at the pnblic expense , for the purpose of repressing public in the three
opinion kingdoms , and likewise to intimidate the millions in the due exercise of those rights and privileges which ought td belong to them ; That yonr petitioners complain that the hoars of labour , particularly of the factery workers , are protracted feeyond the limits of human endurance , -and t&at the ¦ wages earned , after unnatural application to toil in . fceated and unhealthy workshops , are inadequate to sustain the bodily strength , and supply these comforts "which are bo imperative after an excessive -waste of jfoysical energy ;
That your petitioners also direct the attention of your Honourable House , to the starvation wag « s of the Agri-« BlturaMabourer , and viewwitb horror and indignation , "the paltry income of those whoae toil givet being to the si » piefood of this people ; Tfcat your petitioners deeply deplore the existence of say kind of monopoly in this nation ; and whilst they ¦ D * piiToeal 2 y cendemn tie levying of any taxnpon the eeessanas of life , and npon those articles prindpaUy required by the labouring classes , they are also sensible , the
• bat - abolition of any one monopoly , will never gnuhwrkle labour from its misery , until the peopl * pos sas that power under which all monopoly « nd oppression wast eea * e j—and yonr petitioners respectfully mention tto existing moaopoli « B of ttw suffrage , of paper money « T _ jnachinery , of l » nd , ot the pnfelio press , ot tbgiaBM privae ^ a , dT tt » means' of travelling and Wait , and a Last ol other evils , too-numerous to nent ion , all arising from class legislation , but Wuch your Honourable Home has always consistently flWparoared to iccrease ioft « ad e ! diminish
That your petitioners sre sens ! ale , from the Bameroas petitions , presented to your Honourable House , that your Honourable Heuse is ft > Jly acquainted with the grievances cf the working me ? 1 ; aad yoor petitioners pray that the rights and wrong , of labota : aiay be considered , with a view to the pro' lection of Che one , and to the removal of the other ; be- nose your petitioners are of opinion that it is the f rorti species of legislation , which leaves the-grUTances of sociely to be removed only by violence or revoluti on , both -of which may be apprehended if complaints * xe unattended to and petitions despised ;
That your peattoners eo' mplain teat upwards of nine mil'ions of petxnds per an cum are unjustly abstracted from them to maintain a Church Establishment , from whkh they principally dis sent ; and beg to call the attention ef your Honourable House to the fact , that this enormous srjn-ts equal to , if it does not exceed , the cost of spholdfcig tlhristiani ty in all parts of the world beside . Y aorpetitionexs complain that- it is unjust , and not in acendtnoe with t ' ae Christian religion , te enforce cempulso ! ? y « igport of religions-creeds , and expensive Cferrch Establishments , -with which the people do not agree ; That jtjor petitioners believe all men hare a right to worship Ctedas may appear best to their consciences , and that no legislative enactments should interfere between man a-ad bis Creator ; Thatyocr petitioners direct the attention 6 f your Honourab'WBouss to the eBormous * evenHe-annual ] y swallowed up-by the Bishops and the clergy , and entreat yon to contrast their deeds with the conduct of the founder of
the Christian religion , who denounced worshippers of iLummoa , and taught charity , sieekness , and brotherly love ; That-yooi petitionersstrongly-complain that the people of this kingdom are subject to therule of irresponsible lawmakers , to whom they have given no authority , and are enormously taxed to uphold a corrupt system , to which they have never in person or by representation given their assent ; That your Petitioners maintain that it is the inherent , indubitable , and constitutional right , f e-uuded upon the ancient practice of the Realm of England , and supported by well-approved statutes , of every male inhabitant of the United Kingdom , he being of age and of Bound mind , non-convict of crime , and not confined under any judicial process , to exercise the elective franchise in the choice of Members to serve in the Commons House of Parliament :
That your Petitioners can prove that by the ancient custom and statutes of this realm , Parliaments should be hold once in each year ; That your Petitioners maintain that Members elected to stTTe in Parliament oxishi te be the servants of the People , and should , at short and stated intervals , return to their constituencies , to ascertain if their conduct is approved of , and to give the People power to reject all who have not acted honestly and justly , That your Petitioners complain that possession of property is made the tost of men ' s qualification to sit In Parliament ; That your Petitioners can give proof that such qualification is irrational , unnecessary , and not in accordance with the ancient usages of England ;
That your Petitioners complain , that by influence , patronage , and intimidation , there is at present no purity of election ; and your Petitioners contend for the right of voting by ballot ; That your Petitioners complain that se&ta in your Honourable House are sought for at a most extravagant rate of expense ; which proves an enormous degree of fraud and corruption ; That your Petitioners , therefore , contend that , to put an end to secret political traffic , all representatives should be paid a limited amount for their services ; That your Petitioners complain of the inequality of representation ; and contend for the division of the country into equal electoral districts ; That your petitioners complain of the many ' grievances borne by the People of Ireland ; and contend that they are fully entitled to a Repeal of the Legislative Union ;
That your petitioners have viewed with great indignation the partiality shewn to the aristocracy in the courts of justioe , and the cruelty of that system of law ¦ which deprived Frost , Williams and Jones , of the benefit of the objection offered by Sir Frederick Pollock during the trial at Monmouth , and which was approved of by a large majority of the Judges . Tuat your Petitioners beg to assure your Honourable House that they cannot , within the limits of thia their Petition , set forth even a tithe of the many grievances
of which they may justly complain ; but should your Hoacurable House be pleased to grant your Petitioners a hearing by representatives at the bar of your Honourable House , your Petitioners will be enabled to unfold a tale of wrong and suffering—of intolerable injustice —which will create utter astonishment in the minds of i . U benevolent and good men , that the People of Great Britain and Ireland have so long quietly endured their wretched condition , brought upon them , as it has Veen , by unjust exclusion from political authority , and by the manifold corruptions of class-legislation ;
That your Petitioners , therefore , exercising their just constitutional right , demand that your Honourable Houss , to remedy the many gross tnd manifest evils of which your petitioners compUic , do immediately , without alteration , deduction , or addition , pass into a law the document entitled " The People ' s Charter ;" ¦ which embraces the Representation of Male Adults , Tots by Ballot , Annual Parliaments , No Property Qualification , Payment of ilembers , and Equal Electoral Districts ; And that your petitioners , desiring to promote the peace of the United Kingdom , security of property , and prosperity of commerce , seriously and earnestly press this , their petition , on the attention of your Honourable House . And your Petitioners , 4 c
The Northern Star,. Saturday, October 16, 1841.
THE NORTHERN STAR ,. SATURDAY , OCTOBER 16 , 1841 .
never felt the difficulty of out position , and the mter inadequacy of a WeeMy Journal to supply the wants of all the people of this great empire , more fully than this week , and this day ( Thursday ) , while we cannot acquit many of our friends from the charge of needlessly increasing that difficulty . There will , this week , doubtless be much of disappointment , and probably some dissatisfaction , experienced by our numerous contributors . We cannot help it , and will have nothing to do with the blame of it . In the ear ' y portion of the week but little
intelligence wa 3 furnished to us , and our former pages are , therefore , filled with Reviews , and other matter , which might have Btood over ; while this day ' s post brought as as much matter , chiefly interesting and important , from all parts of the country , as would fill three Stars . The same post brought us also the reports of the Glasgow and Greenock O'Cosxon Demonstrations , ¦ which not only filled all our remaining space , but obliged us to displace much matter that had been already set , including even our own leading articles , which we had no
alternative but to keep tack ; as well as the whole of the large paekets ^ sent U 3 by our London , Birmingham , and Manchester correspondents , not to mention almost countless communications from other places . We never before were so "hampered" as we are this week ; vre cannot even afford the necessary space for our usual seriatim notices to correspondents . The only thing we can do is to reserv-e the mas 3 , and bestow upon it our best attention for future use . Comment npon anything is out of the question : our friends must read and comment for themselves .
Working Classes . They bare prepared , as announced in'their recent address , etieats of & particular size ,- *) that when pasted together , the whole may be asfform . We understand that Sir . Hobjon , oar publisher , intends to pint a quantity from the type , as soon as the Star ia worked-off this week , which lie will be able to sapply at a cheap rate to hand about with the sheets when signatures are solicited , so that every one may know what to meet in February ; we must meet it 1 At it , then 1 it is-he is signing for . ¦ Ruled sheets , too , for Bignatures , may be had from him . Now then J is the time for work !! Parliament ia
Lose not a moment ! Yon know the conditions ob which > Ir . O'Connor will consent to meet you m your several localities . Yon know his prioe I Ps ^ pabk to boy Hra ! To work , then ! Here is the petition : 4 , 000 , 000 of signatures mast he had . Wbioh is the first locality to furnish the required cumber ! We shall see .
GLORIOUS DOINGS AT GREENOCK . ( From our own Correspondent . ) If every other town has progressed within the last week in the cause of Chartism as Greenock has , oar principles would stand in but slight danger from the assaults of the united faotions . On Saturday last , at twc-o ' clock , Mr . O'Connor arrived here from Liverpool , after a very tedious passage , occasioned by a stiff head-wind , which blew against them throughout . At eight o ' clock , the committee assembled in their room and requested Mr . O'Connor ' s attendance , who in compliance with their desire , soon after made his appearance , and although the meeting was for the mere purpose of arranging for the coming demonstration , vet bo treat was the rush through the streets
and to the building , that the doors were obliged to be opened to the public , and the large hall oapabie of holding several hundreds was speedily crammed . Mr . Geo . Campbell was called to thr Cbair , and Mr . R . Burrell acted as secretary . When tho routine business was concluded , Mr . O'Connor was requested to address the meeting , whioh he did at considerable length ; and if we are to judge from the applause , with tho greatest Euccesg . He spoke upon tho subject of the Charter generally , and more especially to the glorious prospect which now presented itself of % union with Ireland . He appeared to be quite familiar with all our local affairs ; and at the conclusion , he recommended every working man to allow his name to be registered in the great national muster roll , the books of the Association . This was loudly cheered ; and Le said that ho would test the
value of a Scotch oheer , by remaining there in person to assist the worthy Secretary in enrolling members ' names ; and the consequence was , that forty-one new members paid their admission fee , and becamo members of the Association . So great was the demand for tickets to the soiree , after having heard Mr . O'Connor , that we could have filled three Town Halls instead of one ^—oura only beiDg able to accommodate about 600 . More than an , equal number have been disappointed , and now any money is offered for a ticket by some of the middle classes , but honour to the workies no sum will induce them to part with one . On Alonday morning , at ten o ' clock , the Royal Tar steamer , with a splendid band , colours flying and a living deck , came proudly floating to our quay , and borrowed our guest for a day , of which we presume your Glasgow correspondent will have sent you a report , and now 1 come to the present time .
OUR DEMONSTRATION In truth it was a glorious and a splendid Bight . The day was heavenly , euch a one , as at this season of the year we seldom enjoy . The morning was hazy , but a refulgent Chartist sun burst the mist , and displayed the broad blue sky in beaming lightness , without one speck of Whig or Tory murky spot on its sublime and mighty surface . At nine o ' clock , the various trades began to muster under their respective banners , carrying each the emblems of their craft . The ship-carpenters were peculiarly conspicuous ; many beautiful models of vessels were borne upon poles , and hatchets , axes , and other tools , were borne by pioneers in front . This body mustered , headed by a splendid band ,
not fewer than two thousand . The several bodies balloted for their place in the procession , and also on the hustings , which were erected in Dillingburn-square , and were capable of holding several hundred persons . At ten o ' clock , under the guidance of their marshals on horseback , the vast cortege left the town on their way to Port Glasgow , three miles from Greenock , where O'Connor and bis friends from Glasgow were to join tho procession . The veterans in the cause had selected this place of meeting , in consequence of many of them having witnessed tho departure of O'Connor's father and uncle from that port , when , forty-three years as ; o , they were consigned for seventeen months to Fort St . George , in the north of Scotland . At Port Glasgow
Eome cf the Committee met O Connor with an open carriage and four , and as they passed ou their way through the town , the little band of regenerators were loudly cheered . When the carriage and procession met , within about two miles of Greenock , the coup dcei was one of the most magnificent things that can be imagined . The procession opened on both sides , and the carriage passed through to the head , with the several bands playing , and splendid colours flying , amid the most joyous cheers and waving of hats . There were , besides many small flags , fifiy-iix splendid large banners of the most magnificent kind , each trade following under its own proud streamer . When the procession had formed , they proceeded through the old town of Greenock to
: he extremity of the new town , by the lower route , and then returned through the principal streets and the new town . Every window was filled and every cross was choked , while tho gallant Scots passed with their friend in triumph through their native town , not afraid of their master ' s withering eye , and to their praise be itrecorded , only two tyrants imposed absence upon their hands . When the vast multitude arrived at the square and the muster was made of all the banners and the bands to the centre of the meeting , the scene was grand in the extreme , and was rendered more than sublime by a number of sweet looking and neatly dressed females who took part in the proceedings and encouraged their husbands , sons , and sweethearts with their countenance and cheers .
Mr . Nelson , an nncompromisiug- patriot and a gentleman of the most urbane and winning manners , was unanimously called to the chair , amid the moss sincere applause . This man is much beloved by his townsmen , no more for his calm consistency and unbending principle , than from the fact , that no other man could be got , when tho tug came , at the last election , to propose John McCrea , the people's candidate , for the representation of Greenock . Scotchmen know how to appreciate real service , and therefore are they more than ever attached to the few Rood and true electors who afforded the misrepresented an opportunity oT meeting their oppressors upon the hustings at the last " do . q J ighL . " The Chairman opened the business in an admirable speech , exposing the hollow-heartedness of his class , who deluded the
people for six years of the seven , and upon the seventh , refused them the only opportunity which they could eujoy of morally exhibiting their pretensions upon tho hustings . He entered at great length upon the position of the people and their cause , and concluded by passing a severe censure upon those who now presumed to trump up the old humbug of physical force Chartists for the base purpose of uiviaing the people . Here , said he , is Feargus O'Connor , who has suffered for others' indiscretion , in person , to give you his opinion upon that foolish buggaboo . The Chairman sat down amid the most enthusiastic applause , and called upon The Rev . Mr . Thompson , the people ' s pastor , to move the first resolution . The Rev . Gentleman was most cordially received , and after a splendid and soul-stirring 6 peech , concluded by moving the resolution .
The resolution was seconded by Mr . Campbell , shoe-maker , and was carried by acclamation . It was a 3 follows : " That thi 3 meeting hails with unbounded pleasure the release of that tried and unflinching advocate of our rights , defender of our liberties , and exposer of the many wrongs of the industrious millions , Feargus O'Connor , Esq . from the fangs of that hollow-hearted , treacherous , and crael government . We rejoice ako that they have been tried at the
bar of public opinion , and have received their just reward , they have received their doom , to retire into eternal oblivion , amidst the execrations and curses of those whom their relentless cruelty hath crushed to the earth . " We this day receive him as the tried and uncorrupted friend of the oppressed millions . We are determised to stand by him so long as he stands by just principles . We are also determined that no consideration shall cause us to leave off struggling for our just rights till the People ' s Charter becomes the law of the land "
Mr . John Ikce , M . P . for Greenock , was then introduced by the Chairman , for the purpose of reading an address from the inhabitants of Greenock to Feargus O'Connor , and which will be found elsewhere . A friend from the Lares was then introduced for the purpose of presenting Mr O'Connor with an addresB from the Chartists of that spirited district ; and after the presentation of the addresses , and the passing of the first resolution . Mr . O'Conhob -was introduced , and most rapturously cheered . He spoke at considerable length setting forth the effect which those institutions which the Charter would establish would have npon every class of society . He entered very fully upon the great fact that the Charter would be the means of considerably extending all the productions of the country , in the distribution of which all classes would have an equal advantage . He showed how the present system must limit production , while it unjustly distributed it , He explained in a very able
manner , the sophistry of the Corn Law repealers who direct publio attention to the state of America , ia proof that cheap bread and high wages may exist at the same time . It may , w » said he , and it would be bo in Britain and in Ireland , provided that equal laws made an equal distribution of the country ' s resources , after providing for the country ' s wants but the fact exists in America in consequence of a national surplus remaining , after providing for the nation ' s ; wants , and all having ' rotes , all have a fair share in the distribution of the overplus above consnmptioh . He handled the subject of physicalforct ) to the entire satisfaction even of the cautions Scots ,- and after a high eulogium to ; the Scottish Patriot , and recommending the meeting to . rea ^ that paper in preference to his own , as it required eupport , he sat down amid the most enthusiastic cheers .
Mr . M'Lean then moved the second resolution , which is as follows : —[ Through some accident , our reporter has sent us two copies of the first resolution , and has omitted to send ns a copy of the second , which should have been here inserted ] He analysed the resolution , under different heads , in an able and masterly manner , forcibly pointing out the means to which the united factions would have recourse before they would concede the people's rights . He told the people that they alone were the authors of their own sufferings , as their enemies had no strength but that which they derived from the people's weakness . He exhorted them to give up all thought of , and talk about , the hobgoblin , physical force , which their enemies were now trumping up as a bone of contention to divide their Tanks . He was attentively listened to , and loudly applauded throughout his speech , evincing great tact , and no ordinary talent , and concluded by moving the resolution .
Mr . Wood , a member of the Dublin Chartist Association , who , though not delegated by that body , has visited Scotland for the purpose of satisfying himself and bearing back to his countrymen a true and correct account of the feelings of the misrepresented Chartists , as regards Ireland , was received , when introduced for the purpose of seconding the resolution , with one general hurst of the warmth of the feelings of the men of Scotland towards his suffering countrymen . It is said he had come amongst them for tao express purpose of having oral demonstration as to the principles which they advocated , their means and mode of accomplishing them , and the effect their establishment would be likely to hare upon the land of his birth . He ridiculed in bitter terms the idea of the schoolmaster , who had for ten years received £ 13 , 090 a-year for educ ^ tin ^ the people , nW turning upon them , and calling them
ignorant just when they were capable of and evincing a desire to do their own work ; he told them the Irish expected that they would neither mixextraneous matter , fanaticism , or physical force , in their discussions , but that they would adhere to the simple question of the Charter , and thereby discover their enemies . He said it was most treacherous that tho poor people should have been taught , by trafficking politicians , to hato the enemy in power , while those very men were quartering themselves , their families , and their relatives upon the faction they professed to hate , while they upheld their dominion . He drew a sad but true picture of the state of feeling of the shooting church in Ireland towards those who professed his and his country's religion ; and , after giving a most cheering account of the progress and prospects of Chartism in Ireland , he retired , amid the most enthusiastic applause .
Mr . Thomason moved the following resolution : — " That we , the inhabitants of Greenock , in public meeting assembled , riew with extreme regret , tho alarming distress at present prevailing throughout Great Britain . We most earnestly request her most Gracious Majesty to dismiss from office the present Ministry , and call to her councils such persons as will investigate the cause of the distressed situation of the working millions of this nation , and grant to
us ( the national Charter to become the law of tho land , as nothing short of that can relieve the present slate of this country , and satisfy the working classes —the producers of all wealth . Also for the speedy return of Frost , Williams , and Jones—those martyrs of Whig lyranny—to their native country and distressed families , and immediate release of all political prisoners incarcerated within her Majesty's prisons ; and that a memorial to the above effect be drawn up and signed by the Chairman , on behalf of this meeting , and Mr . Thomas Duncombe , and Mr . Sharman Crawford be requested to present It to her Majesty . " ; V-
He ( Mr . Thomason ) made some remarks on the prospects of the country under a Tory Government , and made some amusing remarks on Lord Melbourne ' s anxiety to disclaim the character of an opposition . He called upon them to exert themselves for Frost , Williams , and Jones—to agitate for the Charter , and concluded amidst loud applause . Mr . M'Crae seconded the resolution in a speech replete with humour . He referred to tho hypocrisy of the clergy in never coming forward in behalf of the people till ruin was about their earB . He made amusing observations on the expences of tho monarchy , and exhorted the people to endeavour to cheapen Government by demanding the Charter . He concluded amid loud cheering .
After avote of thanks being moved to the Chairman , the vast assembly separated to their homes , more than delighted with the proceedings of the day .
GLASGOW . GREAT AND POWERFUL DEMONSTRATION OF THE CITIZENS OF GLASGOW AND SUBURBAN DISTRICTS , IN FAVOUR OF FEAKGUS O'CONNOR AND THE PRINCIPLES OF THE PEOPLE'S CHARTER . Monday morning , the 11 th of October , will long be remembered by the sons and daughters of the Queen of Chartism , a day , the consequence of which no tongue cau tell or the most eloquent pen describe ; the news of the release of Mr . O'Connor from the Fox Mauls dungeon of York Castle , was hailed by the Chartists ' of Glasgow as a new era in thoir political existence , and from that moment all was enthsiasm and animation preparatory to the reception of that illustrious patriot . The day when they were to
meet their illustrious champion having arrived , they assembled at an early hour in the morning , which appeared rather gloomy . At four o'clock in the morning the wiud blew aud the rain fell , while the Chartist bauds were playing through the streets of Gorbals , Calton , and Bridgeton arousing the dreamy sleepers from their slumbers and to a senso of the glorious cause of human liberty . The Demonstration Committee assembled at six o ' clock in their own hall , College Open , when that sincere and honest Chartist , Mr . Baird , was called to the chair , who called upon their firm and honest Colquhoun , treasurer for the committee , to render an account , which was done to the satisfaction of all present , after which Con Murray road for approval , an address
agreed to on Saturday night by the Irish Chartists residing in Glasgow , to be presented to Mr . O'Connor that day on the Green ; after which Mr . Brown , secretary , read tho address of tho oifcizanB , of Glasgow , both of which met the unqualified approbation of the members of the committee and delegates present . The affairs having been arranged , and as the Royal Tar steam boat , which the committee had hired for fhe purpose of bringing up Mr . O'Connor from Greenock was to sail at seven o ' clock , the committee , headed by the band which they had hired , and who were dressed in rifle dresses , proceeded down the High-street , along Trongate , Argyle and down Jamaica Streets , to the Broomilaw , where thoasands were in waiting . By this time the morning was
beautifully fiue , the storm of rain and wind had passed away , the rich luminary of Heavon shone forth in all its glory . The boat was soon crowded by persons of all denominations , some from a distance of five , ten , and twenty mi lea round . In making our way through the vast crowd assembled , we heard some poor weavers saying they would like to meet the brave O'Connor , but that they conld not spare more than one half of the fare . We soon made this known to the Committee , and they at once generously agreed to allow all those who felt a wish , belonging to that unfortunate class to go aboard , under these conditions , the boat was soon laden with a rich freight of sterling Chartists . The utmost extentof cordiality ,
generous feeling , and independence of principle prevailed , and at the mast-head floated the flag of Chartism—" Peace , Law , and Liberty , " while the boat was decorated with ever-greens , laurel , and branches of birch , and Royal Oak . While going down the river , vast crowds were assembled on the banks , who hailed the rich crew of the Royal Tar with waving of handkerchiefs , hats , and immense cheering , which echoed over hill and dale , and thrilled through every heart . The crew of the Tar being what may be called a pick from the ranks of Chartism , amongst whom we observed M'Crea , of Kilbarchan , Clark , of Baxhead , Wood , of Dublin , the stars of Paisley , Rutherglen , Bridgeton , Calton , and Anderaton , humorous jokes , oomio and solo-singing , speeches from persons who had never appeared as publio orators , and the rapturous cheering of the royal crew , made as glorious
a medley of happy souls , as ever met within the walls of a floating palace . When we arrived at Dumbarton Castle , the whole crew , ladies , young Fearguses , and all assembled on the deck , and struck up " Scots wha hae wi' Wallace bled , " accompanied by the band . The scene at this stage of the business waa truly graphic ; the glorious swell of three hundred voices rung from snore to shore , which brought to the doors of the dwellings of the hardy sons of old Scotia , those who as yet know but little of our presentmovement . However , the novel scene , the romantic scenery , the past recollections , the deep tradition of Scottish history , which is instilled into the minds of tho sons and friends of oar native land * brought out many of these individuals , and the cheering which flowed from various villages , and from both Bides of the river , told over the mighty mass of waters which intervene betwixt the shores of oar native land aad the broad Atlantic Ocean , of
the Republic of America , and the purity of the laws of savages , which is even to be found in the vast woods of the other world . Such , then , fellow Char- , tistawasthe condition and impression with which we arrived in Greenock . After passing Port Glasgow , we saw , in tha distance , the Royal Tar bore into the q « ay , with her flags flying from the mastr head , on the shores of Greenock , hundreds and thousands of human beings , waitingtWarrivalof the Glasgow Chartists ; and when we landed amid the congratulations of the Greenoekoniana , who lined the quay and the road up to the Royal George , with one mass of living beings . We prooeded from the landing to the Royal George , where- O'Connor was in waiting , when the Glasgow Committee was
presented one after the other by Mr . Mackay , add also a , number of young Fearguses , whom Mr . O'Connor . very affectionately kissed in rotation as they were presented to him . We then left the inn , surrounded by thousands of the brawny sons of' Greenock . Admiral O'Connor came on board about twelve o'clock , and was received amid the loud huzzas of a gallant and : patriotio crew . We then proceeded straight oh to Glasgow , at which place we landed at about a quarter after twelve at noon . Hero wa 3 a glorious display of the friends of the Charter ; thousands after thousands lined the
banks of the river , and , in order to be present'at the landing , the vast mass of males and females rushed along the river Bide , while we in the boat , keeping time with the band , sung " O'Connor's welcome to Scotland . " The coach and six grey horses received him at the Broomilftw Quay , after which he want up Jamaica-street , along Argyle-street and Trongate-street into the Green , where the largest meeting we have ever seen awaited his arrival on that same platform we saw tho O'Connell and Durham demonstrations ; but the present one for Feargus out-mustered these demonstrations by many thousands .
THE MEETING ON THE GREEN . Heart-stirring and enthusiastic as was the reception of Mr . O'Connor at the Broomilaw quay , where the masses in their strength greeted him on his arrival , and which we have endeavoured above faintly to- pour tray ; animated as was the scene along the different streets , on the house-tops , and the windows , all of which were filled with the wealth , the influence , and the beanty of the city of Glasgow , to cheer the patriot as he passed surrounded by the different bodies who had mustered to acknowledge his services to the cause of freedom , it was nothing to compare with the spectacle on the Green . As the carriage with Mr . O'Connor and tho Chartist committee , drawn by six beautiful white
horses , and which was preceded and followed by bands of music , and banners with appropriate devices , entered the Green , one tremendous cheer reat the air , followed by enthusiastic bursts of cheering until O'Connor arrived at the hustings , -which for hours previous had been covered and surrounded by thousands anxious for situations from which they could hoar the roar of the liberated lion to advantage . Mr . O'Connor , who , notwithstanding his long im ~ prisonment and the thousands of tugs , embraces , and congratulatory squeezes , which he was obliged to su stain in his progress from the river , looked fresh and vigorous as before , now ascended the hustings , accompanied by the leading Chartists , amid thundering bursts of cheering , which was repeated
at intervale . The scene at this time from the hustings was of the most exciting and gratifying kind . Notwithstanding the advice of the Editor of the Patriot , that no working man who valued the cause of Mr . O'Connor , should leave his work or break faith with his master to be on the Green , seeing that they could see Mr . O'Connor in the evening , notwithstanding the scarcity of employment and the tyrannical disposition of many masters , who might have taken advantage of thn occasion to coerce their workmen , the numericial display on thri Green was equal to any that has yet taken place in Glasgow ; and although here , as elsewhere , trade is dull , and the people comparatively indifferent to ordinary political movements , such was the electrio effect of
Mr . O'Connor ' s presence , and the deep-rooted love of the people to the principles of the Charter , that we believe there was scarcely a workshop or a factory in or arouud the city that did not contribute to the immense gathering ; and , assuredly , there were few honest , energetic Chartiste , within miles of Glasgow , that were not present . It may be said , with truth , that the fustian jackets , horny hands , and unshorn chins , this day nobly did their duty . But besides the glorious array of Glasgow Chartism , we rejoice to know that delegates were present from almost every town and hamlet within thirty miles of Glasgow . From Airdrie , Hamilton ^ Stonehouse , Kirkintilloch , Eagleshara , Paisley , Greenook , Valo of Levtn , Pollockskaws ,
Coatbridge , &c , we had many good men and true ; altogether it was such a demonstration as Glasgow has not seen for many a day , and which the oause -of Universal Suffrage may well be proud of . The proceedings on the Green commenced with the appointment of a chairman , which honour , on the motionof Mr . Baird , was unanimously conferred on Mr . Moir . On coming forward , Mr . Moir was loudly applauded . When silence had in some measure been obtained , he said : —If the base , bloody , and brutal Whigs had not yet died of consumption , brought on by profligate living , he was quite certain that thespectacle before him would have a tendency to bring ou a fit of the blue devils , whioh he hoped would finish them . ( Laughter and .
cheers . ) He was delighted with this display . It proved to him that it was a mistake when it was said that Chartism was dead . Ho was glad to have this palpable proof , with the aid of his spectacles—( laughter)—than Chartism not only lived , but that the men of Glasgow could appreciate tho services of one who had aided at its birth , and who had done much to keep it in life , health , and activity . ( Cheers . ) He was proud that the men of Glasgow came forward upon this occasion , and in such numbers , to testify their continued adheienoe to the ca , use of Universal Suffrage , and their sense of the extraordinary services of the patriot O'Counor . ( Loud cheers . ) He knew of no man who had done so rouch to spread a knowledge of the principles of the
People a Charter , and who had advocated more strenuously the necessity of these principles being carried into practical operation . ( Hear . ) As he had often told them , his colours with theirs were nailed to the mast , and he was determined that they should not be taken downuntilthe Charter was the law of the land . They wished to be recognised as men—as freemen , entitled to equal political privileges , and he trusted they would not cease their exertions until their rights were achieved . ( Great cheering . ) They claimed , and justly too , the right of electing their representatives to the Commons House of Parliament , that they might no longer be compelled to obey laws , in the making of which they had no hand , aud to pay taxes for the support of a system directly
opposed to their interests . Notwithstanding his election as the real representative of the city of Glasgow , by 20 , 000 of his fellow-citizens , at the last general election—as he had told them , a pot-bellied fellow objected to the legality and fairness of tho vot < 2—and thus , by 3 , 000 of the most brutal and ignorant rafnans that the middle class could produce , ho had been forestalled , and deprived of his legitimate privilege . This proved to them the injustice and inequality of the present state of the representar tion , and the necessity for a change . It was these same privileged ruffians who had refused him a hearing in the Trades' Hall , and who claimed to themselves the right of dictating to public opinion . He was proud , however , that these tyrants had no power
to shut his mouth here—( cheers)—and for their comfort he could tell them , that he would not be done with them until their principles as politicians had ceased to exist in this country . He would use his every effort to hunt these obnoxious expediency principles out of British sooicty . ( Cries of " Hear , hear , and loud cheering . ) It was truly pleasant to find the useless Whig imbeciles in the same position as themselves , without the doors of office , and also obliged to Bead their memariaie through the Home-office , to the care of their dear friends , the Tories . ( Laughter . ) They knew now what it was to be in adversity , after their desertion of the unenfranchised and their ten year 3 betrayal of the cause of popular right . It was changed days with them
indeed ; the people had taken their confidence from the vagabands , who had so long proved themselves unworthy of it ; they had locked the door , and put the rogues out of office , and he trusted they would keep them out , until they proved themselves worthy of those principles , the advocacy of which had placed them in power . ( . Great oheeriag . ) He hoped , that all of them would that day consider themselves as special constables , and , that they would at once suppress any attempt to disturb the peace of the assembly . It was necessary- that this should be , and that they should establish their views by peaceable means . Their meeting , to day , was a proof , if any Were wanting ; that they were determined to carry their object by peaceable and legal means , and that
they would never have recource to physical force , until moral force had become of none avail . ( Loud cheers . ) In conclusion , he begged to thank them , for the htononr they had conferred npon him , and hoped that as formerly , they would make his duties as light as possible ; Mr * Moir sat down amidst loud aad prolonged cheering : Mr . Pboudfoot now came forward to propose a resolution , and was greeted with a burst of cheering . He appeared again before an immense assembly of his . fellow citizens to propose- that they should petition , in a national capacity , that that House—falsely called a House of Commons—should make the
Charter the law of the land . While he did so , he could assure them , that he believed they might as well petition the rock of Gibraltar , or Neteon ' a Monument , as expect a favourable answer to their prayers . ( Hear . ) But , knowing that it would have the effect Of letting the Legislature know that they were still determined to agitate their olaima by every peace able and legal means , he recommended this course as necessary and useful . ( Hear , hear , and cheers . ) He never supposed for a moment that such men , of whom that old woman , James Oswald , was a worthy spe . oimen , were capable of managing the people ' s affairD in Parliament , far less attend to the dictates o *
honesty or intelligence . They would petition merely as a matter of conrse ^ -not thai they were eonvinced that the . imbeciles of the present House of" Commons wouW ' eVe * propose or advance any measure which Weuld : go to benefit or improve the condition of the ' shffonng-people of this country . Leaving aside these nincompoops , however , he would Bay distinctly , that ho'held the man , be who he might , who refused to acknowledge the justice and utility of theprinciples of the Charter , as neither a Christian nor an honest man , ( Cheers . ) ^ He argued for the adoption of , the motion he held ia his hand , as a test by which to illustrate the fellings of this assembly , and prove that the principles of the Charter were firmly fixed in the minds of the people beyond
the power of Whig or Tory to remove them . Ha wished « very man of ^ the community to have-tha right of voting for representatives to attend to their interests in Parliament , instead of such men as Dennistoan and Oswald , who wer * ignorant as wiell as careless of the interests of the working ; community . ( Hear , hear , and cheere . ) 'Whatever might be eaii by their enemies of the ignorance of . the Chartists , he maintained that" Mr . Moir , as the real representative of the citizsH 9 of Glasgow , was better fitted to look after their interests than those who at present usurped that privilege , and if the people occupied their proper position under the law , he , and not Oswald or Dennistoun would , now occupy the situation of M . P . for Glasgow , in the Commons House of
Parliament . ( Cheers . ) He considered that these latter named gentlemen were destitute of the talents as well as of the energy of representatives of the people . Mr . Moir , on the other band , possesses tea times their intelligence , ten time 3 their shrewdness , and ten times their honesty . With such men aiding the movement and holding fast their principles , he felt confident that the principles of the Charter would soon be the law of the land . ( Loud cheers . ) He had much pleasure in proposing that they again petition in favour of the People ' s Charter . Mr . Proudfoot retired amidst great cheering . Mr . John Colqchoun seconded the resolution . He did so because this was the only constitutional course that they as Chartists could adopt under
present circumstances . This was the only course left them to prove to the Tory Tamworth Baronet and . his supporters that they worshipped principles , nofc men ; and that they were as anxious to kiok these scoundrels from office as they had been to put cut their predecessors . ( Cheers . ) It was necessary that they should prove to these men that if they continued to rule , they should not do so on a bed of roses any more than the Whigs . ( Hear , hear . ) At the same time , ho considered it to be equally necessary that they should prove to the Whigg , now that they were out of office , that they never could regain the confidence of the people , or be returned to office , except by the recognition of the principles of the Charter . ( Leud cheers . ) They must swallow the Charter , bristles and all , era they can hone for a return of public confidence .
After a few further observations as to the necessity of again petitioning , Mr . C . said—In conclusion , he might take upon him to remind them , that however legal or constitutional might be their course of agitatiou . thes would continue to be sneered at and despised until they had obtained their proper position in the Commons' House of Parliament ; and he coald also assure them that so soon as the aristocraoy found they were in a position to enforce their claims as petitioners , they would accede to their demands . He would never counsel other than peaceable means for the attainment of their object ; but he would say that if the people were illegally attacked , like the people of Birmingham , when peaceably met to transact public business , it would be their duty to repel force by force . ( Loud cheers J After 1 few other pointed remarks , Mr . C . sat down by seconding Mr . Proudfoot's motion .
The Chairman now took a show of hands for tie motion , when a dense forest appeared . He asked a show of hands of all opposed . We think about three were held up . Mr . Bkown , secretary of the Lanarkshire Universal Suffrage Association , now came forward , and read a long and well written address embracing the sentiments of the Chartists of Glasgow , on tho occasion of O'Connor ' s visit . Mr . Dennis Murray also read a splendid address from the Irish Chartists of Glasgow , which was well received .
Mr . O'Connor , who remained standing during the reading of the above addresses , now came forward to address the meeting . The cheering was here renewed and kept up for a minute or two with tho greatest enthusisam . When Mr . O'Connor could be heard , he said -. —Highly gratified as he was with the language and presentation of the two excellent addresses which had now been read in their hearing he was more gratified at the glorious display he now saw before him in favour of the principles of the Charter . ( Cheers . ) He appeared before them again —altered it might be in appearance , but with his principles unchanged , his energies unbroken , and Mb spirit as vigorous as before . ( Cheering . ) From the first he had moved in this agitation , because he
considered it his duty , and because he thought that by so doing he could be productive of some service to the suffering and oppressed artisans of this country He held that in so doing he only did what justice and honesty called upon him to perform . He held that no man ' s position in society , be he surrounded by what circumstances he might , entitled him to deny the claims of his poorer or legs powerful brethren to the franchise . And if he did not deny the justice and utility of this demand , he held that he waa bound to lend his assistance to carry them into practical operation . The more comfortable , the more exalted a man's condition in society , the greater was the demand upon him to exert himself to raise- his fellow-men to an eauaiity with himself . In this
particular he considered that he endeavoured to perform his share of duty , and he was the better entitled to make the demand upon others . ( Cheers . ) He was , nevertheless , glad that the same spirit which Was supposed to be dead and buried by plain John Campbell , was now resuscitated to make him hide his ugly phyaiognomy behind the mask of a peerage . ( Laughter and cheers . ) On the subjeot of the addresses that had been presented to him , he begged to add a few remarks . As to the one from his own countrymen , he received it with pride . He was gratified that the . Irish , who had been so long excluded from a voice in the representation of their country , and who were forced to emigrate and to become aliens to the land of their birth , had resolved to follow in
the only agitation which could secure to them tne blessings of impartial legislation and the bounties with which Providence had blessed them in abundance . That address told him that they had for * long period been excluded from participating in tho privileges enjoyed in Scotland and England—that they would gladly leave these shores , on which they were considered an incumbrance , and betake themselves for a resting place in the land of their birth , if they were admitted to those rights which would enable them to act the part of freemen . ( Cheers . ) He had been amongst them for years . They had had many an opportunity of judging of his worth—he loved , he adored them—but he had told them before , and he now told them azain . that if he thougnf
that Ireland should have one particle of liberty less than Scotland ot England , he should not exert himself for them . ( Cheers . ) He recognised and gloried in the principle of the man , be his creed , colour , or language what it might , who acknowledge the civil equality of man—he was entitled to * fto »» rank in the army of Democracy . Allusion had been made to York Castle . Now , he suffered ho punishment there in comparison to the good he na 4 effected . ( Hear . ) He was detained as an hostsg * for the people , and he wa 3 glad of the opportunity of proving his devotion to his principles . ( Cheeis . ) He was glad that he could eee no leaders , spin , south , east , or west , but leaders of honest principles . He was grateful for this display , and for this oijpffin tneir
tunity or again looking upon them bwj ™ : ' and : power . To-day they saw before them , m J " wbriby . Mend Moir and himself , their old member and their present M . P . for the city . ( Laug hter . When the election came , his CMr . O'C . ' s ) time expired , and ? Me . Moir was duly elected by the . so * frages of the citizens of Glasgow . . ( Laughter ana cheers . ) He rejoiced that their . , colours were buu nailed to the mast , and , like his beloved fnena Moir , they would die rather than desert thecafl * in which was embraced their right to be represented . ( Cheers . ) He waff exceedingly p leaseo above all to find that they were now to have a nmoo with the Irish people , and" that the lands of cakes and paraties were about to embrace in sisterly afiection . Thank 3 to O'Higgins and . Wood , and the other brave man who had joined the movemeat in Ireland . By their nnion and ' perseveanw
he trusted they would weave such a Web aa woum strangle all their tyrants by the neck . The polite * cal jugglers of his unfortunate country had ^ aia that , if Repeal was to be gained , they should n «* owe it to the Chartists of England or Scotnaa . Now , he could tell these quacks , that , if ft was » be gained it id ! , it would be by the instance ; and co-operation of the two countries ; and he couio assure them further , that , let theiwofle'of " ^ S continue man worshippers as they might , we snau not allow them to be satisfied with political treaohery , but do better for them than they wouw for themselyds . ( Cheers . ) They had resolved « ain to petition the House of Commons , and he wasgiw of this . His friends , Messrs . MoUt and frwf *** two of the handsomest men in fcrlasgow , and two
of the most intelligent , had told them that ; n » go * » was to be expected from tho present Administrft " —that they might as well petition Nelson's Mpn ** ment , or the rock of Gibraltar ; and he would */ " * or the hill of Howth , a ? the Fed Administration He knew this ; bat he was convinced that a grew number of advantages accrued fiom J ^ Mm ^ tA By petitioning they $ ot up a disciissioa m : *» 2 Honse , and keot their claims before the e f £ Ljtheir so-called Represent stives . Had they n « f r-U tionedbefore , plain John Campbell ^ tlieCw ^ undertaker , would have taken possession <* peerage with the consoling reflection that fi ? , ?^ g effected the downfall of Chartism . Thetwo ^ m " " ^ of signatures , however , gave him the »*• -JrL blasted his sweet anticipations . They ™^ * V ~ : their thousands to-day , to declare that neitter »•
Ctart&t 3 Ettteflfgeuce .
THE NATIONAL CHARTER ASSOCIATION . Wb learn by communications from various members of the Executive , that the Association is rapidly extending its ramifications through the whole country . Cards of membership are in almost universal request . This delights us . Bat our friends through the whole country must not forget that tab enlargement of oar borders , while it eniailf additional exertion aad l&War upon their indefatigable servants in the Executive , also enhances grea'Jy their expences . We learn from the worthj Secretary that cards go out much faster than returns
come in . This will not do j the sinews of the giant mns not shrink when his utmost strength is called for Remember , Chartists , that the Executive is the life the very soul , of your useful capabilities ; and iha all your prospects of national advancement am success depend upon the effectual upholding of theL hands . Let them not droop , then ; show yonrselvei worthy of enfranchisement by rallying round th < standard of your liberties in the only efFeetiv manner . Lee full » nd large returns be ingtantlj made to xhe treasury of the Executive . Let then be no scrupling—no htsitation ; it is necessary , anc must be done .
THE NATIONAL PETITION FOR 1842 . Elswheee we give the petition which has been prepared by the Executive Council of the National Cii&rtex Association , for universal adoption by the
a THE lOBTHElIi STIR ,
Northern Star (1837-1852), Oct. 16, 1841, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1131/page/4/