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HoraT antr Crnreral 3rnt^IIts^nce.
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THE BOOK OF THE POOR MAN'S CHURCH . Loymra : —John Cleave , 1 , Shoe-lane , Fleetstreet . This little work shonlfl have claimed cmr attention long since , but in the Multiplicity of bnsiness it lias been overlooked . To those who hare little money to spend , and are yet desirous of obtaining extensive information on a m 03 t important subject , it is an > n-Taluable little tract , containing , in a condensed form , a mass of information which conld not be obtained anywhere else for twenty times its price . The Book of the Poor Man ' s Church is divided into six eb&pters , in which the following Eubjects are treated
Chap . 1 . —The imchiistian character of a Church establishment . Cbap . ~ 2 . —The persecuting spirit of the Church . Chap . 3 . —The mercenary character of the Church . Chap . 4 . —The indifference of the clergy to their duties . Chap . 3 . —The wealth of the clergy and the voracity of the bishops . Chap . 6 . —The Chnrch condemned by herself .
Chapters 3 rd and 5 ch , are especially deserving of gie reader's attention . The facis adduced arc quite Sufficient to warrant any man in coming to the conelu ? ion that the present state of the Church Establishment is calculated for anything rather than osefulness , and is , without a change , more likely to tarn thinking men into infidels , than to convert them into sensible Christians . The tract is written opon the whole in a fair and candid spirit , and we sincerely hope that it will obtain an extensive circulation among all classes of the community .
ZiEEDSi—Suicide . — On Monday evening , an inquest was held at the White Horse Inn , Woodhouse Carr , before John B ackburn , Esq ., on the booy of Mr . Joseph Norfolk , who died on Sunday , from inflammation of the windpipe , caused -by a wound inflicted on his throat by his own hand , on the 27 th of April last . Mr . Norfolk was 46 years of age , and was highly respected ; he had for some time laboured under great depression of spirits , ariainE , it is understood , from reverses in business , and committed the deed with a small penknife whilst in bed . He was soon discovered , and surgical aid immediately procured , but all attempts to restore him failed . The Jury were quite satisfied of his state of mind , and returned a verdict of " temporary insanity . "
Housebeeaking . —On Sunday last , a man named Joseph Brooke , a brickmaker , was charged before the magistrates at Leeds Court House , with having broken into the dwelling-house of Mr . Charles Wood , brickmaker , Selby-street , Burmantofts . The prisoner was in Mr . Wood ' s employ , and on Thursday afternoon last , was sent from the brickyard to the house for something whieh his master wanted Finding the door locked , and Mrs . Wood out , he " orced an entry , and was seen by the prsecutor ' s daughter-in-law to come out of a window with a box aid a bundle in his possession . She caused his apprehension ; the box contained books , and the bundle wearing apparel ; the prisoner , no doubt , expected to and some money in the box . These bireumstances being sworn to , he was ^ XJmmuted for trial .
The "Uicemploted Poor . — On Friday evening , at seven o ' clock , a meeting of Unemployed Operatives , was held in ihe Vicar ' s Croft , Leeds . The meeting was convened , by placard , for the purpose of hearing the report of a Committee appointed at a meeting held in the same place , on the 6 th iast ., to wait upon ice Mayor to ask his Worship to convene a general meeting of the inhabitants in order that some s : ep 3 may be taken to alleviate the distress that exists amongst the unemployed working classes of this borough , Mr . J . . Barneit was called to the chair , iir . T . Morgan read the report of the deputation who waited upon the Mayor , on Wednesday , with a requisition signed by 120 persons , in order to induce him to call a public meetiDg on the subject of
the distressed poor . His Worship receded the depui&iien in a courteous manner , but said that a subscription of upwards of £ 6 , 000 having been obtained , and distributed among the poor already , he was not able to state whether it would be practicable again to raise any pnblic subscription at present adequate to meet the distress ; and he recommended the deputation to wait until Monday , on which day he would lay the requisition before the meeting of the Committee and the Subscribers to the Poor Relief Fund ; and he advised that the deputation and a few other individuals who were perfectly acquainted with the wants and distresses of the poor , should attend at those meetings on Monday , snd T"ato * such statements relative to the existin g
distress as they might think necessary . After the report had been read , the following resolution , on the motion of Mr . Francis Jackson , seconded by Mr . John Kirk , was unanimously adopted : —" That this meeting highly appreciates and thankfully acknowledges the very munificent subscription of £ 5 , 000 and upwards , lately raised , and distributed by the Relief Committee amongst the distressed operatives of various trades and branches in the town of Leed 3 ; and deeply regrets that notwithstanding snch relief , there still exists an unparalleled and alarming state of distress among those who are usaally engaged in the staple trade of this distriet . This meeting therefore most earnestly begs to press the consideration of this distress upon all
el&sses of the community , especially oh the public authorities , and also upon the committee lately engaged in relieving the distressed poor , and entreats they will do all they can to obtain relie in such a way as may to them seem most proper and efficient . " The following was proposed by Mr . Wm , Walton , seconded by Mr . James Boown , and agreed to : — "This meeting also calls the a ttention of the Overseers and other persons having the distribution of the fund applicable to the relief of the Poor to the distresses of the poor , and begs topres 3 upon them the necessity of being as liberal as possible in relieving the wants of the distressed , at the same time having & . due regard to those who are by law compellable to contribute to the poor rates ' , Mr . Thos .
hi organ proposed , and Mr . Thos . Wilkinson seconded— "This meeting will further recommend all all persons in a state of actual distress to make their distressed as fully known as possible , and at the same time would impress upon them the absolute necessity of preserving , as they have hitherto done , the strictest regard to the public peace , and to abstain from all acts which may tend to cause any alarm among tieir fellow-townsmen . " Mr . Michael Lee then addressed the meeting against the New Poor Law Bill . He said he wa 3 in favour of the resolutions that had been passed , for he was one of the distressed unemployed operatives ; and seeing the condition in which he and many others in ihe country were placed , he conld not look but with
feeling 3 of horror upon the way in which the poor weretreatedundertheoperationofthe NewPoor Law . He would therefore move— " That this meeting views with dismay and horror , the New Poor Law Amendment Bill now before the House of Commons , its Ostensible purpose being to take away the rights of the poor man to relief , unless he submit to be incarcerated , and be separated from his trife and children , and all that he holds dear , and that this meeting protest against its becoming the law of the land , " Thi 3 was seconded by Mr . Thomas Naylor . Mr . Thomas Morgan said that the New Poor Law was a subject which the meeting had not met to coD 3 ider ; and he begged to propose as an amendment , " That parties wishing to express their opinions upon the
New Poor Law , take steps to call public attention to the same , inasmneh as this meeting was not called for that purpose . 1 ' This , having been seconded , was put to the meeting ; but the Chairman delined to e ' ecide whether it was carried or negatired . In consequence of which be was desired to vacate the chair , and Mr . Thos . Wilkinson was called thereto . The amendment was again put to the meeting , and the new chairman declared it was carried . It having been stated by Mr . Morgan that the Major , the Vicar , and several other influential gentlemen had been invited to attend the meeting , it was asked why those parties had not attended ? It was explained by one of the deputation that the gentlemen alluded to had only been invited to view the meeting and see inhabitants of
the distress that existed amongst the the town , and not for the purpose of taking part in the proceedings ; but the Kev . Thomas Scales and Dr . Smiles were in the meeting ; and would probably address them . The Rev . Mr . Scales accordingly stepped upon the platform , and addressed the meeting . He expressed his concurrence with the resolutions which the meeting had adopted ; and as one of the visitors appointed by the Distressed Relief Fund Committee testified that in the district which he visited during the existence of distribution from that fund , there were still a great number of persons out of employment , and many of them were in a state of abject misery . He regretted that the Relief Fund ws 3 exhausted ; and though many had got employment , he was sure there were vart numbers in a state of destitution , and he hoped that some means would speedily be adopted to relieve , at least , the most necessitous : and he thought that
congregational collections might properly be resorted to lor snch s purpose . He requested the meeting to hdd up their hands—first , those that were employed —second , those thxt were not employed ; which request was complied with , and not more than some fifty were held up as persons in employment , whilst four or five hundred held up as those out of employment . Mr , Whitehead next addressed the meeting and attribated the distressed oondition of the people to the " sordid oligarchy" and the " ' class legislation ' of this country , and expressed his regret that the persons who had called the meeting had not come forth with more tangible means of relief . Dr . Smiles recommended that Local Committees should be formed throughout the town for the purpose of finding out those persons who were really in distress and deserving relief , and trying to obtain relief for them from the Overseers of the Poor ; and in case the Overseers refused to give Telief , the Committee
to publish-the names of the distressed parties with the particulars of their cases . On the motion of Mr . T . Morgan , the names of Mr . Scales , Mr . Smiles , and Mr . Whitehead were added to the deputation to wait upon the Mayor and the Committee and Sabscribers of the Poor Relief Fund on Monday . [ The result of the labours of this deputation will be found in our account of the proceeding& of Monday's meeting . ] Thanks were voted to both the Chairmen , and the meeting broke up . Thb Poos Relief Fund . —On Monday , at noon , a general meeting of subscribers to this fund waB held at the Court House , to receive the report of the general committee , and to finally sanction the appropriation of the balance remaining in the hands
of the-Treasurer . The Committee had met at eleven o ' clock , in order to prepare the resolutions , &c . ; and , whilst they were thus occupied , the deputation appointed at the meeting on Friday night , of the unemployed operatives , attended , and laid before the Mayor the request of that meeting that he would call a public meeting , in order , if possible , to devise means for their relief . A number of statements were furnished , to show that the distress and want of . employment still existed to an alarming extent , and that starvation and destitution were reigning predominant in some districts . The Mayor inquired if they were prepared with any speeifio recommendation ! On being answered in the * negative , he said he did not see what useful object could
be accomplished by a public meeting , more than had been obtained by those by whom he was surrounded , and who had already devoted so much time to the object . He in common with them regretted the continued existence of the distress , and if they could suggest any means for its remedy , he had no doubt the gentlemen present would lend every assistance in carrying it out . A suggestion that a temporary sonp kitohen should be fitted up , to supply the necessitous until a permanent establishment could be formed , appeared to be approved of ; while Mr . J . G . Marshall thought that employment by spade husbandry , or other means , might be adopted . He knew there was sufficient capital in the country to find employment for all the
population . This view was concurred in , provided it could be shown that such labour could be profitably employed , which , however , appeared to be doubted . After much conversation , the Mayor replied to the deputation , that every means would be adopted by the committee to carry into effect the soup kitchen at the earliest opportunity , and to adopt such other means as might be within their power , but ^ hat he saw no utility in calling a public meeting , and he should therefore decline it . The deputation thanked his Worship , and withdrew . The general meeting then took place , the Mayor in the chair . The report , which was of a detailed character , was read by Mr . Lister . It showed a balance in hand of £ 517 7 s . 7 d . It was received and adopted , and with the resolutions , ordered to be advertised and printed under
the direction of the committee appointed for the purpose * The resolution for a permanent soup establishment , and for a temporary one until that could be attained , was affirmed , as were also the resolutions of thanks to the different parties who had been active in carrying out the measures of relief which the subscription had been raised to promote . The various resolutions were moved and sacouded by the Vicar , Mr . Alderman Musgrave , Mr . Birchall , Mr . Alderman Smith , Mr . E . Joy , Rev . T . Sturgeon , Rev . W . Sinclair , Rev . T . Harris , Mr . J . Bischoff , Mr . John Simpson , Mr . J . Jowett , jun ., Mr . E . Jackson , Mr . Cawood , Air . Bainos , and Alderman Pease . There were no points of importance in their speeches " , in fact , scarcely any speeches were made : and the business having been gone through , and thanks voted to the Mayor , the meeting . broke up a little after two o'clock .
Melancholy Event . —It is our painful duty to record an event which has crpated a deep sensation iirihis town , namely , the death of our highly respeeted , amiable , and accomplished townsman , Mr . John Wilkinson , the silversmith , who , when in a state of temporary derangement produced by bodily illness , terminated his own existence last Sunday morning . Mr . Wilkinson has for some years been in debilitated health , from an affection of the stomach and liver ; he was excessively susceptible of disorder , and his animal spirits suffered greatly at each access of the complaint . Under an attack of tins kind , more aggravated than any he had before experienced , the fatal act was committed . An inquest was held on Monday morning , before J . Blackburn
Esq ., coroner , and a highly respectable jury ; and the evidence being such as left not the shadow of a doubt on the mind of any present that the deceased was in a state of derangement at the time of committiDg the deed , a verdict in accordance with that fact was immediately returned . Mr . Wilkinson was 42 years of age , and unmarried . He was a man of fine understanding , highly cultivated by study ; and his amiable qualities of heart combined with his literary acquirements to win the esteem and attachment of a very large circle . He was for many yeara on the Council of the Philosophical Society , and on the Committee of the Literary Institution . His losg , asd especially under these melancholy circumstances , is very deeply and extensively lamented .
! Frattds ox the Poor , —On Tuesday last , the fol-: lowing persons were summoned before the Leeds 1 magistrates , at the Court House , by Mr . Hanson , j inspector of weights , &c , to answer to a charge of i having weights below the standard in their possesi sion . They were fined as follows : —William Halliday , of AHU Shay , Beeston , fined 10 ^ . and costs , for j having four short weights . John Schwanfelder , of \ Beeston , fined 10 s . and costs , for haviDg four short weights . Samuel Fletcher , of Farnley , fined 10 s , i and costs , for having four shoTt weights . James I Ward Cooper , of Farnley , fined 20 s . and costs , for i having . five short weights . Hannah Todd , of Farnley , fined 103 . and costs , for having five short . weights . James Foster , of Low Wortley , fined 10 a . and costs , of
for having five short weights . Benjamin Dayison , Low Wordey , fined 10 s . and costs , for having four | shert weights . Robert Gillson , of Lilling , near York , j fined 10 s . and costs , for having three short weights i in the Vicar ' s Croft . Robert Stonehouse , of Thorn-| ton , near Maltcn , fined 10 s . and costs , for having I two short weights in the Vicar ' s Croft . Leonard I Bogg . of Lenvering , near Malton , fined 10 s . and costs , I for having three short weights in the Vicar ' s Croft . j John Wellfoot , Meadow Lane , fined 10 a . and ex-> pences , for having four short weights . Of the above , i Gillson , Stonehouse , and Bogg attend the Vicar ' s i Croft on Tuesdays , with bntter , &c . I Charge op Stealixg Dtb Woods . —On Saturday i last , a man named Abraham Smith , a labourer ,
i residing . in School Close , was charged before the , Leeds Borough Justices , at the Court House , with j having at various time 3 stolen quantities of dyewoods , the property of the assignees of Mr . N . H . j Taylor ,-ware-grinder , School Close , in whose em-: ploy the prisoner was a 3 carter , in this capacity ! he was frequently sent with loads of ground ware to j different dye-works , and on these occasions , it j would appear , that frequent complaints of short I weight on delivery were made , but no suspicion at j all fell upon the prisoner . However , the old adage , i" When thieves fall out , " &c , was in this instance , verified ; for , in consequence of some proceedings at * the last Borough Sessions , a man who was 1 then prosecuted " split , " acd the police then " rej ceived information" that the prisoner was in ' ¦ . the frequent habit of disposing of quantities- of i dvewoods to Mr . Thomas Eshelby , the landlord of
• the Ge'k red's Arm 3 , on the Wortley road . Watch-: ing a suitable opportunity , Smith was taken into ¦ custody , and a quantity of ware was found at the : Gelderd ' s Arms , which Mr . Eshelby , wish the ' greatest simplicity imaginable , said he did not L know the value of , and that the prisoner had only asked him permission to leave it until he called i again . Mr . William Thomas Smith , solicitor , who ' appeared for Smith , cross-examined Mr . Eshelby , ; and elicited from him that he had only the day ; before said that he could not swear that Smith was ; the man who fead left the ware at his house , and I that he only came to be certain of it when he was threatened with a prosecution himself . The magis-; trates expressed themselves in strong terms on Mr . Eshelby ' s conduct , and told him that could the ware be prop ; rty identified , he wonld stand in a very "unpleasant situation ; as this could not be : done ,: however , they had no alternative but to dismiss the case .
Aggravated Assault bt a Policeman . —On Tuesday last , the sitting magistrates at Leeds Court House , Henry Hall , Esq , George Goodman , Esq .. James Holdforth , Esq ., and James Musgrave , Esq ., were engaged for upwards of three bour 3 in tte investigation of a charge of assault , preferred by Henry Sanderson , a lamplighter , against William Storey , one of the nightly watch . The case was one of hard swearing on both sides , and at the request of Mr . Bond , who appeared for the defence , the ' witnesses en both sides were ordered out of , court . ' The circumstances , as detailed by Sanderson and his i witnesses , appear to be these : —On Whit-Monday i afternoon , the complainant and three other men had ! been at the Dusty Miller , in Swinegate , where they ; had five pints of ale ; they then left , and Sanderson and two others ( named Bates and Shores ) pro-! eeeded- towards home in Mill-street , or that neigh-; bourhood . When they got into Mill-street , however ,
I Sanderson wished to have another pint of ale at ¦ the Silk Mill beer-house , and , because the others refused to accompany him , he got hold of Bates , and : in the struggle they both fell , Bates nnder'; most , who grazed his head against a step , ! and caused it to bleed . They were still ! pnlling each other about , when Storey happened ' to be passing , and he seeing the man ' s head bloody , T and that he wished to go home , deared Sanderson to i let him alone . Upon this some -wjords ensued between ; Sanderson and Storey , the former insisting upon 1 knowing by what authority the latter interfered with them . Tne watchman then it would appear took from his pocket a pair of handcuff * , and seized : Sanderson by the shirt collar ; it wa 3 affirmed by f some of the witnesses that previous to this , Sander-| son had both struck and kicked the policeman , and by this time , to such a height had the dispute arisen , that a large crowd of persons assembled , and the
policeman sent a messenger to hi 3 house , which was only a short distance off , for his staff—Sanderson becoming every minute more violent ; his two companions had left him as soon as the watchman came up . Sanderson swore thai he wished to go home , but that the policeman prevented him , insisted upon taking him into custody , and as soon as he got his staff struck him orer his head with such violence as to cause the blood to flow in every direction . The man ' s head bore ample marks of the punishment he had received , he has since been in the Infirmary . His punishment , however , did not end with the blows which he bad received , for after thus disabling him , Storey got the handcuffs on , and fastened him bleeding as he was to the tail of a cart , and thus
dragged him through the streets towards the policeoffice . The man , from loss of blood , became very weak , and when he got to Timble-bridge fainted away . A large concourse of people , a 3 a matter of course , were assembled , and the watchman was assailed with all kinds of epithets . The attention of the Rev . Edward Cookson , who was just leaving the Parish Church , was attracted by the noise , and he , after ascertaining the cause , and seeing the state in which the poor fellow evidently was , called another policeman , who happened te be near , and insisted upon his being taken to the nearest surgeon , where his wounds were dressed . Mr . Holdtorth also here beard of the case , and went to the surgery to Ae- the man : and there also saw the
Doliceman , who complained then that the man had kicked him over the shin , and been very violent , and said he was obliged to strike at him in his own defence . It should be stated that there were two or three very severe cuts on Sanderson ' s head . Six or eight witnesses were examined on the part ef the complainant , snd their evidence in the material points agr eed , though there wore several important discrepancies , a fact which is not to be wondered at when it is remembered that there was a very great crowd , and that probably the samo scene might be witnessed in different positions . One of the witnesses said that Sanderson ' s blood flsw so profusely over Storey that he looked as though he had killed a hundred beasts . Storey , in his defence , contended that he
onl y asked the man very civilly to let his companion alone , and go home quietly , when he was struck in the face , and his hat knocked off ; that Sanderson refused to go . and was very violent , not only striking him , but kicking and pushing him about ; he sent for his staff , and he then struck him in his own defence . Several witnesses were called who proved that he exereised great forbearance , and that Sanderson was very violent , and struck the policeman first . A man named Thompson , a miner from Beeston Lodge , said he was charged by the policeman to assist him , and did so ; he was between the two men , but he was not aware that Sanderson had been struck till he saw the blood . He did not either see or hear the blows . Mr . Holdforth and
Mr . Musgrave commented upon this , and the latter said he would not believe another word the witness uttered . Mr . " Bond replied warmly to this , and remarked that in the whole course of his experience he had never heard any thing so indecent from any one on the bench before , and he hoped he never should again . It was passing judgment before the case had been heard . Some further evidence having been adduced , the case was closed , and the magistrates consulted for a quarter of an hour , when Mr . Hall , addressing Storey , said they had given the case their most serious attention , and had weighed the evidence in every part . They were aware of the difficulties a policeman had to contend witn amongst a mob of people , who frere generally too ready to take part against them , and whilst they were always
read y to protect them in the due discharge of their office , they had also a duty to discharge to the public , who had a right to be satisfied that the magistrates sat there to administer justice evenhanded . The Bench were of opinion that until he got his staff he had manifested great forbearance , but they must teaeh him and others like him , that they were not to break people ' s heads with impunity , and he trusted the fine they should inflict would have the effect of teaching him to curb his temper for the future , for they had no doubt he had suffered his temper to become heated . The opinion of the Bench was that he be fined forty shillings and the costs , or in default of payment be sent to Wakefield for two months . —The Court was excessively crowded ; the case will be further decided upon by the Watch Committee .
Cubiotjs Case op Forgery . —On Tuesday last , John Whitely and James Nicholson , ( an engraver , ) were brought before the sitting magistrates , at the Court House , and remanded to Wednesday for the depositions to be taken , the former charged with forging and uttering a note for £ 5 , and the latter with having engraven the plate from which the said note had been printed . The circumstances of the case are somewhat curious . The prisoner , Whiteley , on Saturday night , went to the shop of Mr . Rose , grocer , Vicar-lane , and after getting a lot of groceries weighed tendered what appeared to be a Leeds Union Bank £ 5 note in payment . The engraving was in some degree varied , and it was signed in a very bad hand , " Mr . Williams Brown" and another name . Mr . Rose at once
detected the fraud , and asked the man where he had got the note ? to which he replied that he had takea it of another person a week previously . Mr . Rose then went ont and fetched a policeman , to whom the man was given in charge . On searching a box in his bouse , seTeral blank forms of the note , on different coloured papers , were found , which it waB discovered had been printed by Mr . Nicholson , who on Monday was apprehended also . He stated that Whiteley engaged him to engrave the plate , telling him that it was for a money club , and tho dotes were to be used as security by the members . He made no Becret of the job , but got Mr Bean to engrave the plate for him , and had not the slightest knowledge of any
thing wrong . Mr . Bean stated that he hadeugraved the plate for Nicholson , and that no Becresy was observed regarding it . Nicholson further stated that Whiteley got him to print Beveral proofs for the committee to look at and select the colour of the paper . The magistrates expressed their doubts that any person could engrave such a plate as those notes had been printed from , under the impression that it was for a money club , the engraving bore too near a resemblance , and was too well adapted to deceive the unwary ; they should send both of them for trial , but intimated that they would accept of bail fer Nicholson , himself in £ 100 and two sureties ia £ 60 each . The depositions were then ordered to be taken ou Wednesday morning , when the case would be finally disposed of . The names of two gentlemen for bail were immediately handed in . The Dispensary . —On Monday last , the eleotion of two physicians to the Public Dispensary , in place
of Dr . Wilson and Dr . Hopper resigned , took place at the Board Room of the Institution . There were only two candidates for the vacant offices , Dr . Thomas Smith and Dr . Drenman , who were consequently elected without opposition . Deaih by Burning—On Tuesday morning , an inquest was held at the Court House , before John Blackburn , Esq ., on the body of Betty Varey , 72 years of age , who died in the Infirmary on Monday , from burns received from her clothes taking fire on Saturday night . The old woman resided with her two Bons at Hunslet , and on Saturday night was left in the hoHse until they went to market . She went to bed at eleven o ' clock , and it is supposed the candle fell against her , but she was unable to give any account . A neighbour was alarmed by the smell of burning and entered the house , but was too late to be of a » y service in Baving the old woman , who was very dreadfully burnt . The Jury returned a verdict of " Accidental Death . "
HAWICE ,-On Wednesday week the members of the Havrick Total Abstinence Society , and the Rechabites of the Hawick Tent , walked in procession through the town ; the brethren of the tent , being decorated with the Ribbon of their Order &c , made a splendid appearance . A Soiree was held at four o ' clock , when a numerous and respectable company were regaled with '" the cup that cheers but not inebriates . " The Revd . Mr . Ramsay , President ol the Soc i ety , Mr . Lowery , Mr . Palmer , Mr . Davie ? , &c . addressed the meeting , which only separated when the shades of the night were beginning to gather around them , the meeting being an open air one . The several addresses were well calculated to exalt and extend the principles of true temperance in this locality .
OLDHAM . —Royal FoRKSrERs . —On Saturday the 21 st . inst ., Court 592 , of this flourishing Order , held its usual annual meeting at the house of Mr . James Pomfret , the Pine Apple Inn , Shaw Chapel , near Oldham . The members sat down to an excellent dinner provided for the occasion , and which was served up in that style of elegance and plenty eo characteristic of Mr . and Mrs . Pomfrtt . After the Court was opened Mr . John Clegg was called to the chair , and Mr . Robert Richardson to the vice-chair , the business being bronght forward it was stated in the report that the Court numbered forty free members , being an increase of nine since the last anniversary , and their funds had increased more the last year than in any former year for some time . Previous to the closing of the Court the members unanimously agreed to give a donation of twenty shillings towards defraying the expences of a new school lately erected in the neighbourhood .
One hundred and twenty persons have died from the effects of the recent dreadful railway aocident Dear Paris . " Wanted , a Governess . "—It has recently come within our knowledge that nearly one hundred applications have been received , in each of two instances , by gentlemen in this neighbourhood , in reply to single advertisements in a London paper , announcing the want of governesses in their families . Could all the circumstances connected with the respective histories of some of the fair applicants be known , how many a heart-rending story would their experience involve , and how clearly does the fact of 60 large a number of young women being in quest of a home acd subsistence , indicate the inroads of distress and misfortune into the middle ranks of life l—Sherhome Journal .
The Roehampton Mckdeh . —A good many incorrect statements in reference to the treatment and the conduct of the miserable man Good , since Wb conviction , having been made public , it may be necessary to state , from an authentic source , what are the real fact ? . Since the alterations that have taken place in the criminal law , the treatment of criminals botlrbeftuuand after conviction has been very materially modified . Formerly upon a conviction for murder the convict was taken to a cell appropriated for the purpose , and kept ia this ; cell , almost in darkness , and suffering many other privations , until the timecameTor him to ascend the Boaffold . At the present time , however , prisoners charged wi th murder are taken to a room in the chapel-yardwhere
, they remain ^ until their trial and , if convicted , they again retuntto the same ceil , and remain there in the charge of different wardsmeh until the period of execution . The first occasion on which this cell was appropriated in the way above described was in the case of Greenacre , and since then it has been successively occupied by Courvoisier , Lees , and Blakesleyv But for the provisions of the Central Criminal Court Act , many difficulties would have been thrown in . the way of the prosecution , by reason of ta © different jurisdictions that were mixed up in the case . T , he offenoe , in tha first instance ; was committed in the county of Surrey ; The prisoner was ^ subsequentl y apprehended in Kent ; ¦ examined before a justice Of thafc couhtv - and then
brougnt into Middlesex for examination ; finally commuted f rom that county ; and , but for the provisions above referred to , it would have been difficult to hav 6 i framed the case to have freed it from technical objectiona . Ifc rests also with the judges of the Central ; Criminal Court to Bay whether a criminal shall J > e executed in the county where the alleged ^ offence is committed , or in Middlesex , and as Lord Demnari , in passing ¦ -sentence ,- merely ^ mentioned " a place of execution , " the convict will be executed at the Old Bailey , and not at Horaemonger-lane . After sentence , the sheriffs now have it in their direction , not , however , exceeding a period of twenty one days , to fix the day when the execution shall take place : and it is
understood they have ordered the sentence to be carried into effect on Monday next . Since his condemnation Good has never been left unattended , either night or day . For the first two or three days he persisted in the truth of the extraordinary statement made by him after the trial ; but it is understood that he has recently made some further disclosures , modifying to a very considerable extent his former statement , but he siill persists in asserting that the unhappy woman came by her death by her own hand , and no by any violence that was offered to her by another . On his being asked to state the address of the man who sold matches , and who , according to his statement , took eiich an active part in the awful business , he says , that all he knows about b tn is , that he lives somewhere in Bromptou . It will be remembered that Greehaksre told a story similar in many respects to this statement , of Good's
as to the mode in which his victim came by her death , that he subsequently gave Beveral different versions of the story , and that only a few hours before his executiou he gave another account of the alleged mode of death . It is expected , however , that Good will yet declare what the truth really is ; and it is said that he has made an intimation to that effect to the chaplain , and also to Mr . Cope , the governor of Newgate . It was at the suggestion of of the chief justice that the counsel for the prosecution forbore to examine the prisoner ' s son as a witness against him . All that he would have been abie to depose to was the fact , that tho blue bonnet belonged to the deceasedj and that it was taken by tha prisoner to Susannah Butcher ' s , and as this was clearly proved by other testimony , it was thought that the painful spectacle of a child beir g produced as witness against his father upon a trial for life and death might be spared ;
Condemned Sebmon at Newgate . —On Sunday the chapel of Newgate was crowded in an unwonted manner , by thoBe who , from an acquaintance with the Lord Mayor , or other of the City dignitaries , could gain an admission , to hear from the Rev . Mr . Carver , the Ordinary to the prison , a Bermon addressed to that wretched man , who , paying the penalty of his cruelties and crimes , perished upon the scaffold . The chapel was quite full , and there were a good many Jadfes present . The prisoners entered the place allotted to theta shortly before halfpast ten , and at that hour Daniel Good was brought in by Mr . Cope and two turnkeys , and placed in the centrei of the ohapel . He appeared ;/ very uneasy ^ and several times clasped his hands , as if engatred in
inward devotion . His dress consisted of alone olivecoloured frock coat , with pockets outside , such aa are worn by coachmen , drab trousers * and a clean white neckcloth , neatly tied round his neck . His face was somewhat paler an d attenuated than when he was at tbe Old Bailey , and he appeared thinner ; otherwise ^ he looked well , and much better than on that occasion . He had the appearance of ay penitent man , and of one fully aware of the enormity of his offences . On entering the chapel he was weeping , and several times , in the course of the service , teats were observed to come rapidly down his cheeks . The psalms and lessons wr-re very appropriate ; the former were the lat , 9 th , 14 th , 16 th , and 17 th versea of the " 5 . 1 st , and tho first four verses of the 6 th Psalm . The lessons were taken from the J 2 ch chap .
of the 2 nd of Samuel , and the 1 st chapter of James . At the conclusion of the last psalm , the culprit appeared very weak , and nigh fainting ; he dropped into the chair , and somo water was procured , when he soon recovered , and preserved his composure during the rest of the service . The text was taken from the 1 st chapter of the General Epistle of St . James , and the 15 th verse— " When lust hath conceived it bringeth forth sin ^ and ein when it is finished bringeth forth dsath . " Good , who had appeared very devout during the whole of the service , and who , during the reading of the prayers , always went down upon his knees at the proper times , was then removed in custody of the turnkeys , and clasping his hands together , in an impassioned manner , he exclaimed , as he was leaving the chapel , "Oh , may the Lord bo with you all !?)
Execution of Daniel Good , the Murderer . — At oight o ' clock this morning , Daniel Good , the murderer , expiated with his life upon the scaffold , the awful crime of which a Jury of his country had convicted him . The crowd which had assembled to witness the execution was , perhaps , more numerous than had been seen for many years around the gaol of Newgate . A great number of anxious visitants , determined , if possible , to obtain a good view , were there at night , and at one o ' clock the street was quite impassable ; from that hour until eight o ' clock the crowd momentarily increased , and at that hour it surpassed every thing we ever beheld ; t he whole sireet from St . Sepulchre ' s Church to Ludgate-hill was one mass of human beings—men , women , and
children . The houses opposite the gaol also were crowded with spectators , and high premiums were paid for every spot whence there was the least probability of beholding the spectacle . Up to the time ot execution the mob appeared ia excellent humour , jokes were bandied about j loud peals of laughter and hurraing as an unfortunate policeman passed through , were occasionaly heard , and the greatest excitement prevailed . After attending divine service on Sunday morning , the wretched culprit caused two letters to be written , one to Molly Good , and another to a Mrs . Spenoer . At an early hour on Sunday night , he retired to rest , and slept soundly
for two or three hours ; he was awoke in the morning , and partook of a slight breakfast . At six o'clock , Mr . Sheriff Msguay went to him , and renuuned with him nearly an hour ; Mr . Carver , the Ordinary , wa 9 also with him directly he rose , and never left his side until the fatal bolt was drawn . At half-past five o ' clock , Mr . Cope , the Governor of Newgate , was with him for , a short time , when he repeatedly said , "Mind , I ' m no murderer . " The Sheriffs and their attendants haying entered the condemned cell , and the prisoner having been handed over into their custody , he was conducted to tho press-room , and sat down on a bench with Mr . Carver on one sido of
him , and Mr . Sheriff Magnay on the other ; at this time be appeared to be suffering the greatest mental anguish , and to be quite incapable of listening to the exhortation to repentance to which the worthy Divine was desirous of drawing his attention . Seizing Mr . Cope by the hand , he said , "Oh , Mr . Cope , my best friend , I never took her life ; " and then , clasping his hands , he said , " The Lord have mercy upon me . " I hope the Lord will take me and show me the gates of heaven . 1 nerer took her life , I never took her life . " The Rev . Ordinary again urged him to repentance and confession , reminding him that he was now going to stand before the Judge of all . Upon this the prisoner rose , and elevating his right hand , said , " I swear before
Almighty God , as I hope for mercy , I never took her life . The Lord be with you all . " He then shook hands repeatedly with the Sheriffs . Again did the Rev . Divine exhort him to repent and confess , saying , " You know the Bible says , * If we confess our sins , God is righteous and just to forgive us our sins , and to cleanse us from all iniquity ; and again ' He that hideth his sine 6 hall not prosper , but he that confesseth and forsaketh them Bhall find mercy , and God will abundantly pardon him / " The culprit replied , ** I should tell you in a moment if I did the act ; if I had any weight on my mind , I would unburden it . Why should I tell a lie on departing from this world V At five minutes to eight , he rose from his seat , and adjusted his dress , which
was the same he wore in chapel on Sunday , with the air of a man who was going about his daily occupations , and shook hands several times witn the Ordinary and the hangman . He then went up to Mr . Cope , and whispering , requested that he would let him have a little wine and water . Nearly a tumbler of wine and water was brought to him , and he drank it all off . He then rose , rind turned up his coat sleeves with the utmost composure , whilst tha hangman pinioned his arms and wrista ; his neckcloth was next removed , the culprit telling the hangman that there was a pin somewhere which must be removed before the neckcloth could be untied ; his throat wa 8 then baredt the beH of the prison began tolling , and the melancholy procession set out , the Rev . Ordinary preceding the culprit and reading
ma clear and distinct tone the burial service . The culprit walked with a slow firm step to the scaffold , and ascended it without hesitation ; he glanced hastily round on the immense multitude , and there was a tremendous yell raised , so loud and so fierce as to be sufficient to strike terror into the heart of the Btqutest njari . At this moment he turned very pale , and trembled much , bat said nothing . Scarcely an . instant was occupied in adjusting the noose , which having been accomplished , and the cap drawn
over his face , the executioner retired from the scaffold . The signal was immediately given , the bolt was withdrawn ; and the unhappy man was no longer an inmate of this world . Tie only motion we observed on the withdrawal of the bolt , was a slight rising of the arms , but it was only for a moment ; otherwise there was no struggling , no rigidity of the limbs to be observed . It might be said that he died without a struggle and without a groan . At nine o'clock the body was cut down and conveyed into the prison .
Robbery at Good ' s Execution . —Amongst other robberies committed at the execution was tfcat of a yoHng female who bad been standing in the crowd in Giltspur-street , who had her pocket cut , and the money she had in it stolen , On getting out of the crowd she felt the blood trickling down her side , and on examination , it was found that the first attempt had failed , Her clothes having been cut through and a wound inflicted in hor side . She had several frieuds with her at the time . ; The following are copies of letters written at the dictation of the prisoner during his stay in gaol : — "Newgate , May , 21 , 1842 .
"I , Daniel Good , wish to return thanks to tho Lord Mayor and his kind lady for visiting me , and also return thanks to all the Aldermen who have kindly visited me ¦'¦;¦ and also wish to return thanks to the Sheriffs for their kindness ; and also Mr . Cope , the Governor , returning him thanks , and I found him very kind . Also return thanks to tho Rev . Mr . Carver , for his kind -attention , and also to the Rev . Mr . Taylor , who read prayers this day , which drew my attention with tears , and also return thanks to the Rev . Mr . Itusaell ; who has been to see me this day . My kind master , Nathaniel Dando , Es q ^ , which I have lived with him at Norwood as coachman , he has been to see me . I never lived with a . kinder
master and mistress than they were . My . ' . sincere thanks to Mr . Dando and his kind lady , and I also wiah to return thanks to my late master and mistress , Shiell . My dear lictle boy came to see me on Thursday last , and read a chapter , which made me shed tears , as I part from him so young , not quite eleven years old ; May the Lord protect him , as he is left without father or mother , while I put my trust in James Spencer and his wife ; Mrs . Spencer * that they will have eye after the boy ; I was a few days at Glorkenwell , arid found great kindness from the governor of that prison , and he has been to see me here . I also return thanks to the doctor , arid also to the Rev , Mr . Williams / who performs duty at
that ' . prison . .- I also return thanks to W . Nottage , Esq ., iny former master , aad his lady ; they were very kind to me . ; I do acknowledge as I am departing this world that Susan Butcher was the cause of that poor woman , Jane Jones , through jealousy , making away with herself , 8 nd Jane Jones , tol < t me that she would make away with herself , through hearing about Susan Butcher , and I now say Jane Jones made aVray with herself / I don't eay but what I a , m the cause of her doing this , through being told I kept company with Susan Butcher . What I have stated is nothing but the trath respecting the death of Jane Joneg . I wish to say I never cut her
up ; the matchman paid he could not make away without taking the limbs pff . I locked him op in the stables , and I was cleaning my harness . He promised to come on the 6 th of April , and tako the remaining part away , but he never came . He told me he lived in the neighbourhood of Brentford . I knew this man as coming with matches about fourteenor fifteen months . I gave him one sovereign to do away with the body . I wish to return thauks to all the officers of this prison , as I found them all very kind . The Lord bo with all my friend 9 , and I wish to part this life good friends with all . and the Lord have mercy upon my poor soul , and I don ' t say but I am a great sinner . "
The following letter was addressed to Mr . J . Spencer , Leck's-fields , Walworth : — "My dear Friends , —I write these few Hues to you and Mrs . Spencer , and I hope you aro both well . My blessing , and the blessing of God , be with you evermore . My brother ' s son and his wife called on Monday evening ; you was not at home , they told me . They came to see me on Tuesday last . His name is John Good , and he lives at No . 4 , Arch'drow , Deptford-creek . He would be glad to see you at any time . My blessing and the blessing of God be with him and his wife . This comes from me with tears ; and also remember me to my sister's son . My blessing with him . " From your unfortunate friend , " Daniel Good , "
The following letter was written to Molly Good : — "My dear Molly , —I write these few lines to bid you fareveell , and I ' m glad you got acquitted . I hopo the things I put in pledge you will be able to redeem , and keep them for yeurself . My best respects to you , with tears , and also your friends ; and the Lord be with you all ; and may the Lord have mercy upon my poor soul . " From your unfortunate "Daniel Good . "
A Bright Youth . —There is a boy in Salem so bright that his mother has to look at him through a piece of smoked glass . —New Fork Paper . - Extraordinary Good Fortune . —Edward Hibbert , a porter in the employ of Messsrs . Bramab , Prestage , and Ball , 124 , Piccadilly , has been discovered to be heir-at-law to estates ia Isleworth , Whitton , Fleet-street , and Devonshire , to the value of £ 1 , 200 , 000 . Deaths by Eating Hemlock . —Two lamentable accidents occurred at the parish of Llanerfyl , Montgomery shire . A poor woman of the name of Davies had occasion to leave her home on Monday , and during her absence her three ? children discovered
some roots of water hemlock hear the river side , of which they eat freely , arid an old woman in passing by found two of the children very ill . Upon inquiring what waB the matter , the eldest informed her what they had been eating . Information was immediately given in the village of what had occurred , and a messenger was dispatched for a surgeou , who was quickly in attendance , but oh his arrival he found two dead ( one aged ten yeaxsj the other three years and a half ) , and the other in a hopeless state , but through prompt and judicious treatment is recovr irig . Inquests were held on the bodies , and the jury returned their verdict— that their deaths were caused fey the eating of poisonous roots , commonly called waterhemlock . "— Cambrian .
Fatal Accident on the North Union Railway . —On Wednesday morning , the London up-mailtrain f rom the nor th , on its arrival within a distance of two hundred yardB from the Parkeide station , passed over the body of Thomas Griffith , a bargeman . James Blundell , the driver of the engine , on finding thafc he had met with some obstruction on the way , stopped the engine as speedily as the downward inclination of the line at thai particular part would admit , but not till the whole train had passed over the body ofthe deceased . On examination , it was discovered that the deceased had been dead some hours , as the body was cold and stiff , arid bore evident marks of more than one train having passed over it . The lower extremities were nearly severed from the trunk , and were only attached by a small ligature . The deceased was a married man , about forty years of age , and a native of Tarvin , in
Cheshire . He was iii tha employ oi Mr . James Tryer , of London , and eugaged as a bargeman on tho Bridgewater canal . Ou Monday he discharged his cargo , arid spent the greater part of Tuesday at Newton cattle-f » ir . At night , he , his master , and 6 pme other men , were drinking at the Bull ' s Head public-house , in Golborne-dale , and left there between ten and eleven o ' clock ; they were all the worse for liquor . The deceased loitered behind the rest of the party , and nothing was seen of him after they passed the brfdge over the North Union railway , on the Lowtyri road . The embankment at this point of the railway is full eight or ten yards above the railway on either side , audit is well fenced , so as to prevent paities trespassing . It was Bear this place the deceased was found , and , in ease he got upon tho railway on parting from his companions , no less than two Iut'ga > je-traiii 3 , in addition to the mail , must have passed over him .
Counteraction of " Infidelity '' and '' Socialism . " —On Friday a meeting , attended by the Bishops of Chester and Norwich , John Hardy , Esq ., M . P . ^ in the chair , took place at the Hanover-Fquare Rooms , for the purpose of affording Mr , Brindley , the anti-Socialist lecturer , an opportunity of reporting the result of the means taken to repress Infidelity and Socialism . The meeting was rather thinly attended ,: and , after a few remarks by the Hon . ' Gentlemariin the chair , Mr . Brindley addressed the meeting . In the course of his speech-ie pre ^ dieted the speedy failure of the Social community at Tytherly , in Hampshire , where they are providing a handsome building for the residence and employment of several hundred persons . He also
stated that the large buildings were a speculation of some capitalists , and not the property of tho community , and that the villagers in the neighbourhood entertained a strong feeling of dislike to their new " social" neighbours . The Bishep of Chester declared himself an enemy to Socialism , both as a Chriatiau minister as ^ ell as a man andphilanthropist -r-a sentiment in which the Bishop of Norwich coincided—adding tnat Socialism was dead at Norwich , and that the Socialist women of that city were the " lowest of the lpw "~ -an assertion which created much interruption , arid resulted in a vote of disapprobation being got up by the Socialists present . Great confusion ensued , amidst which the meeting broke up .
Stbpxby REcroBT . —This benefice , which has just become vacant , is in the gift of Brascnose College , Oxford , arid is one of the wealthiest livings in tha diocese of London . The annual income is returned at £ l , l 90 . ¦¦;¦ ¦ ¦¦ - ¦ ; ::. ¦ ¦ : ¦ : ; : ?¦ ¦ ¦]/ ' . ;;; :: ¦¦ ¦ ¦ ' ¦ ¦ ' > The lamentable accident on the Paris and Yersaille 8 railway has excited the greatest attentioa among th . e rail way companies in this country , who " are desirons of ascertaining the real cause of , it . Some of them have already Bent over to France for the purpose of obtaining accurate information .
_ The Murder at HiGHBCRt . —A Hard Case .. — iwr / ng tne iast two years a young man named Cooper has lived m the service of Messrs . Powell and Son , packing-case makers ; in Knight Rider-court , Doctors Commons , as porter , but he was discharged at a moment s notice on Mondiy week , in conseqiiflnco of its being ascertained that he was brother to the man who stands charged with the murder at Highbury . — Advertiser . Chubch-rate Seizures . —Mr . Drew , the vestryclerk of the parish of Allhallows , with Brand , th * constable , from the Mansion-house , on Thursday entered , the premises of Messrs . Joseph Cooper and Co ., Lawrence Pountuey-lane , arid , by viriue of a warrant from the Lord Mayor , seiz id a quantity of beaver fur , for church-rates duo to the united parishes of St . Mary , Abchurca , and St . Lawrence Pountney . , . . ; ; ' " ¦ : ' , '
Spring . — " The Spring has been always reinarked as a period when disease , if it-be lurking in the system , is sure to shew itself . The coldness of winter renders torpid tha acrimonious fluids of the body , and in tim state of inactivity their evil to the system is riot perctived , but at the Spring theso , are roused , and it' not checked , mix up and circulate with the blood , and thus the whole system is contaminated . Parr ' s Li / e Pills taken threo every night , for two or three weeks , will rid the body of all that is noxious , and produce health and comfort . Persona troubled with scorbutic affections , are strongly advised to try them at this time of tne year ; in a few days they will perceive the powerful clearing properties they possess , and thus be induced to continue them . "
Extraordinary Suicide . —On Thursday night , as the Queen Victoria ., contract mail steamer , was on her passage from Kin » stown to Liverpool , a gentleman who had given the name of Johnson , but whose real name , was Bennett ^ of and from Manchester , at ten minutes to eleven o ' clock , when nearly off Holyhead , jumped overboard . A li / e-preserver was at the instant cut away , and though the vessel was brought to as soan a 9 practicable , and a boat lowered with four hiuds , in the hope of rescuing tho unforr tunate man , no trace of him could be seen . The first mate was not far from the deceased : at the moment .
and he did not evince any previous symptoins of abstraction ; he took out his watch and guard-chain , which , with his purse , he left under the seat where he had boon sitting . It appears that he left Marichesteron Wednesday , crossed the channel that night in tho Qtieen Victoria , arid that he had left on the table at hoane a note for his brother annouueing his desperate intention . The water was quite smooth , and the vessel going not less than eleven knots . The deceased was twenty-four years of asze . fivefeet ten inches fii ^ h , and bore an excellent and amiable eharaoterr
Nottingham . —State of Trade—There h as been a considerable sensition during the past week , amongst tho laco _ manufacturers engaged in the fancy lace trade , on account of some excellent patterns having been produced by a . niacfc . iiic owner > from a machine in which the Ja : quard apparatus acts upon the threads ihe whole width of the warp beam , instead of actuating ; the guide bars . The turn-out , respecting the drop-offs , is not yet ended , nor does it seem likely , to end , the hands we are informed being well supported , There is little or no improvement in the demand for drawers and pantaloons he silk
. —T glove trade is a shade batter . A most important decision to master stockinged w » 3 made on Wednesday last ,: . at the County Hall . A . master glove hand was brought wp on a charge for neglectinghis work , for eight days successively . It was alleged and proved that the taker-in knew that tho master was not to work rip in person tho ^ itk , he working at the time to another hosier . The justices held that , by hi 3 taking out the silk , by the provisions of file Siatuie of 17 Geo . IIL , cap . 56 , lie was compelled to work upon silk delivered out , and thas neglect for eight days made them liable to imprisonment ; the party was sentenced to a month's
imprisonment , but was allowed to settle the affiur by paying for the silk , though he had many witnesses present , to ' -prove that the warehouse in question gave out their silk so damp that it was impossible tor the masters to keep in their accounts . Tiie party upon this declined to appeal to the sessions . If this is acted upon , half the master stockingers will be oa the treadrmill , as many of them take out work from five or six different houses , for twenty-five or thirty hands . We are sorry to say that the hosiery trade r in the numerous villages engaged in that manufacture , in this and the neighbouring counties , . ia if pos-iblei . worse than ever , the masters arid journeymen being equally in a dcilining condition ; in fact , this state or things has reached the middle classes , who are rapidly sinking in society .
Destructive Fire at Nassau . —The German papers arrived yesterday announce a fire of a- most alarming nature occurred in one of the faubourgs of Steyer , a city with a population : of 10 , 000 souls , in Upper Austria . The Gazelle d' Avgsburgh has the following extract of a letter , dated Steyer , the 7 th of May ;— ' ^ A sad calamity has befallen us . On the 3 rd . inst ., at four o ' clock in tho afternoon , a most destructive firs broke out in the faubbnrg of Steyerdprf . Tho flames , cherished' by a high wind , mada rapid progress ; and , by the next day , at six o'clock ^ 240 houses "wore reduced to ashes . We are all bub in ruins . The streets present the most lamentable appearance , and : women and children are frantie ^ uttering cries of despair ; The working classes' will be the greatest sufferers by this calamity . Many hundreds of these will be reduced to misery , and , for some time , at least , deprived of means to support their ' families . '' ' :
Destruction by Firis of the Georgia East In-DiAsiAN—Five Lives Lost . —On Saturday afternoon the melancholy intelligence of the ship Georgia , of Newcastle ,-an Indiatnan , Captain Mitchell , bound to London , was received by the underwriters at Lloyd ' s attended , we regret to say , with deplorable sacrifice of human lite . The ship was between eight and nine hundred tons burthen , and was valued at £ 7 . 000 , being splendidly fitted up for the accommodation of passengers ; she had a rich cargo on board , consisting of jewellery , merchandise , and other valuable property , whioh perished with the vessel , a loss of nearly £ 20 , 000 . The Hnfortunate event occurred on the morning of the 1 st of last month , while on her passage to Eneland from Calcutta , which placo she
left in the early part of February . From the accounfe brought over by the ship Thomas Sparks , from China , which arrived off . Dartmouth on Friday morning , it appears that on the morning mentioned the watch on deck , when the vessel was under closereefed topsails , and in la titude 30 sorith i and longitudiB 36 " east , off ; Madagascar j noticed something burning about the ship , and supposed that one ot " the crew bad left his candle burning , and thai-ha had fallen asleep . The officer went into the forecastle to ascertain if such was the case , but . found the interior apparently safe , and the lighls all extinguished . On returning to the deck he . observed that the stench increased , which excited his suspicions , and ultimately arouBtd the commander ,
Captain Mitchell arid the rest of the ship ' s creiv 4 arid a strict search was determined ripon . On the boats being removed and tho mam hateheJB taken off , the burning was found to proceed from the cargo , when orders were given to iemove some portion of it , so as to get at the fire ; the crew |; howeverhad not proceeded far before a volume of smoke burst upon them , aad shortly afterwards ft became so intense , accompanied with excessive heat that they were forced to desiatj and leave tho hold , notwithstanding large quantities of water had been thrown down amongft the cargo- Captain Mitchell then had the hatches replaced , and blocked up every aperture in tha ship , including therabins , in the hope of stifliug the fire ; * but this proyed unavniling , for in about two . hours tiie flames broke tbroDsrh th »
cabin windows ^ arid likewise from the hatch way over the forecastle ^ to the terror and dismay of all on board . Capt . Miteheil , who was a . . ' ypriiij ; man , acted with surprising fortitude . Perceiving that the destruction oi thevessel was inevitable , he directed the etew is > prepare themselves to luave the ship , which they immediately set npon doing , by lowering the boits ( two in number ) over the vessel's side . It was a most trying moment , for the sea was extremely rough , with a heavy gale ot wind ; and with the knowledge ot" their being 800 or 900 miles from land , every soul expected to meet with a watary grave . At about eight o ' clock , the chief mate , with Dine Of the crew , left the burning vessel in the jolly-boat , a . nd they w . ere directly followed by Capt . Mitchell ^ and the rest of the fchip's company—four in number —in the small boat . In the course of a quarter of an hour afterwards , the work of devastation had reached the masts , and she appeared embodied in
one mass of names , forming a terrible though magnificent appearance . At this critical period , a vessel was observed at a distance , bearing towards tho illfated ship , and the chief mate turned round to make known the joyful intelligence to Capt . Mitchell and the rest of the crew . He was horror-struck in finding that the boat had t ' oiiadered , and none of them were to ^ be seen . The ^ row ed about in hopes of picking them up , but ua&atrinately none ef tire poor fellows ever rose afwr . The ship Thomas Spark ? , which proved to b » the vessel they saw bearing down to their assjibfance , came rip alongside sboa afterwards , and t * ok the mate and the rest of the Georgia ' s crew en board , and they remained withia a short distaiioe of the burning snip until she went down , -whic ^ tvtnt took place at a late hour in the aftemcon . The thip Thpmas Sparks , with the srirvivorf ,, arrived oji Sunday morning off Dover , Tho Georgia and cargo are leported to be insured to tho e ^ t . entcf £ 25 , 000 .
Horat Antr Crnreral 3rnt^Iits^Nce.
HoraT antr Crnreral 3 rnt ^ IIts ^ nce .
_ ^ THE NCRTHERN STAJR 3
Northern Star (1837-1852), May 28, 1842, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1163/page/3/