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ARREST OF THE KEY. W. HILL,
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EDITOR OF THE " STAR . " [ Most of the readers of the Northern Star will hive Earned of the arrest of its Editor , thonah some of them cannot as jet have learned it from : he pages of that journal : for ihe First , aiid a portion of the Second Ecition were printed eff , ere the fast was known at the office itself . When the news did reach nB , the press was stepped several times daring the course of Friday , aud new matter apprizing tho £ i -jf the readers who Were then to supply with papers of the new occurrences in connection with th-. i rests , was inserted . " But this can only have betn se-en by a few , comparatively , of the readers therefore the besr coarse wi 1 be to give all that has appeared in due order , so that ail the readers may have the whole facts berore them at once , as far a ^ we have been able to coilec : them ]
Leeds Police Office , Friday , Twelve o'clock . This mornins ' , about a quarter past nine , my joo < : Friend , Mr . Hill , was arrested in the srm-rs of Leeds , by two officers from Manchester . n the authority of a warrant issued by Mr . J . ¥ . Fostee , J . P . ' and backedby a Leeds Magistrate . The charge is , as far as I can ascertain , one jf " sedition , " arising out of words spoken at s- ' -ne meeting or other , " tending to exite a bre-jh of the Peace . " He was on his way to the v ' rar-o 2 ice , when he was pointed out to the Manchester police officers by one of the Leeds
ofi ' . rs , ( who was accompanying them on their sear . jh , ) and brought to this place without any of his friends knowing of the arrest . WLHa waiting for his presence at the Star-office , to ] -repare the second edition of the paper , it was intimated to me by a friend that Mr . Hill had -een seen to enter " the Police-office , accompark-d by two strangers ; and it was believed thai be was in custody . I instantly repaired to the place , where I now write , to ascertain if such was ihe feet . After waiting some little time , I saw Mr . Bead , the Chief Constable ^ and on my put :: ng the question to him , he at once informed me that the fact was so . I then applied to see Mr . Hill ; when Mr . Read informed me , that he was in the custody of the Manchester
officers , who alone could grant my request ; and that they were then somewhere in the town procuring refreshment . " I therefore determined to await their return , to make the request to thein to be permitted to see my friend , before he is removed from this place to Manchester , which I expect he will be in the course of the day . I have now waited an hour-and-a-half ; but the officers have not made their appearance . I shall war . until they do , and communicate the result of _~ application as soon as I leam it . Jo ? . HoRPON * .
ARREST OF T .-B ! SMITH . Star Office , Fifteen minutes past One . I V . 3 Te jast returned from the police office , having learu-id what was the sort of " refreshment" the Manchester police officers had gone to procure , Thoy were absent on another a rresfinp . expedition ; and hare just returned with Mr . T . B . Smith in custody , he being apprehended on a similar charge , indeed included in the same warrant with Mr . Htll . Mr . Smith w&s taken at his own home , and his house was searched by the officers , and all papers or letters found there removed u ii custody ''
also . When Mr . Read had informed Inspector Tatlor , from Manchester , who I was , I m _ c ! e a forn .- ] application to be permitted to see Mr . Hill , before fee was removed from Leeds ; and he immediately replied that my request should be granted . I then asked " whtn t" and his reply was j '' Sometime in the course of the afternoon . "] " Could it be now'' ! was my next question ; ana the < answer to it u no ; not just now : we have some re- ] frestment to get : but you shall see him before we Btart . " " Will yon name a time ! " u Sometime abou . three o ' clock . If yoa will be at the Siar office , we vri : l send on for you . " .
From this conversation , and especially from the fact of " refreshment " being still wanted by the Manchester men , I infer that they have more arrests to make in this town ; and that rthey were anxious to k £ * 'hem made , and the prisoners all together , before they permit any of them to be seen by fheir fxienus . ilr . Hill has been kept in the " Stone jug" since his arrest . He is not , however , placed amongst the other inmates of the wretched hole used as a prison ; but is considerately placed in the women ' s ward , ( which happened to be empty , ) which he has , ( tiil just now that Mr . Surra has joined him , ) occupied to himself .
He and Mr . Shith , with any others that may be arrested , will be removed to Manchester this afternoon , I believe ; and be brought up for examination to-morrow , at the New Bailey Court . I shsli go np to Mauchester with them , or after them , fvr the purpese of procuring bail , &c I shall also attend the examination to-morrow , and communicate the result in an edition of the Star , to be published in Lseds to-morrow evening . Josh . Hobso . v .
Northern Star Office , Friday , Quarter-past Two . I tare jast seen Mr . Hill . He was bronght to this 'Jffice by the Manchester officers , accompanied by a Leeds police sergeant . He had been taken to his own residence , I believe , and his honse searched . When the party arrived here , Inspector Tatlob addressing me , said , that " they had found on Mr . Hill a number of keys , whicn he informed them opened certain drawers and boxes at the Northern Star office , and that he wished to see what was contained in them . " I immediately answered the application by another question : " Have yon any authority to come here to search ! Have you a search warrant ? This place
is mine . Whatever is here is in xr possession , and tin ^ s yon have authority to come here and search , I most assuredly shall not permit such a search to be made . In this office are a vast number o . ' papers and documents of all kinds : and I shall not consent to the ; r being exposed to tne gaza of strangers , unless there is anthority to oompel me . If you have a ¦ warrant , show it , and I will not resist you : if you have not , do search shall be made here . " On this , the Inspector said that the locked drawers and boxes here , of which MrrHill had the keys , were his ; and it were those he wished to see . " My answer was . "' whatever locked drawers or boxes are hi
this office , belong to the office ; and Mr . Hill has been entrusted with the keys , because such drawers or boxes are for the reception of those official document , belonging the office , over which he has charge " But ? Qch documents are no more his . than the books belonging the establishment are the property of the Clerk there , ( pointing to Mr . Abdul , ) who has the charge of them . Whatever i 3 in this office , or house , isni'ne . If yon . have any authority to search my house , show it , and go to work . If you have no authority , it cannot be done . " He then replied , * I ! : iTi no warrant : and if yoa object , of conr-p I must refrain . "
I then asked if it was likely they would depart for Mauche * ter this day ; and received for answer it was possible they might not . I then asked , if such was t :. e case , could bail be accepted for Mr . Hill ' s appearanoe in the morning ; for I should not like that he should have to be kept . in the Leeds " Stone Jag" all night ; and the inspector said that he conld not accept bail , and the Magistrates would be gone from the Court . He , however , ' would endeavour to leave for Manchester to-night . After shaking hands v ? Uh Mr . Hill , and after bearish from him that the alleged charge against him is for attending and . speaking at a meeting in Manchester on the 17 th of August last ; he was con-Teyed back to his quarters in the " Srone Jag , " under a promise , from the officers , that I should be allowed to see him again before he is taken off 10 Manchester . Jos . Hobson .
ARREST OF G . J . HARNEY . Star Office , Friday , Three o'clock . I have jost seen one oT the guards of the North Midland Railway , and he informed me that Mr . 6 . J . Haettkt , of Sheffield , had been , brought in the custody of a Manchester officer , by the last Derby train , to the Normanton Station , whence he would be taken to Manchester . JOS . H 0 BS 05 . Northern Star OJice , Friday , Half-past Three . T his afternoon ' s post has brought a letter frcm Jttan © j « tter j communicating the information that the house w w . James Leach , was entered this morning at two A'dock , by Mr . Superintendent Beswick and a numw of the police force , who arrested Mr . Leach , on a . warrant charging him with having attended an illegal meeting at Manches ter , on the 17 th of August .
The letter also communicates the fact that Mr . Thos . Railton , Mb . Chbistopher Dotle , and the R'v Jamis t-HOLEFiELD have also been arre = tedon the same charge . Northern Star Office , Friday , half-past Sir . I have just learned that Mr . Hill aad Mr . Smith are not to be removed to-night ; but that it is intended to keep them in the Leeds ** Stone Jug " all night ; bail being refused . A bed of straw will be their portion I tfever mind ! ! The fact will ba treasured np . Arrests have been made before to-day ! and good men have been incarcerated in gaol 1 But all the arrests and all the imprisonmems have not pnt a stop to the march of poverty through the land : nor will the present ones arrest the progress of national ruin . ! They will not add one hour to the numbered days of faction ! The THING is in throes ! It lays about itself most unmercifully before it is utterly prostrate ; but all eits trueeles and stripes will not prevent or delay the approaching END ! Jos . Hobson .
ARREST OP ME . O'CONNOR , AJfD OP MR , JOHN CAMPBELL . Leeds , Saturday morning , Eight o ' clock . The Evening Star of yesterday , contains the following announcement : — * ' Onr readers , and the pnblic generally will learn with surprise that Mr . O'Connor was arrested at hiB residence early this morning , on a warrant for sedition at Manchester . Mr . O'Ctnnor intended to go to Stafford to-morrow , although his medical advisers would by no means recommend it , for the purpose of defending the unhappy victims to classlegislation ; and this arrest has been made , doubtless , to deprive him of his . liberty at : his important period , that his political enemies may sustain their character of cowardice . However , if Ri ^ ht can prosper , Mr . O'Connor will not disappoint his friends—he will be upon the spot , prepared to give every service in his power to those who have been arrested .
" We are unable to-day to acknowledge any receipts for the Defence Fund , for while a friend of Mr . O'Connor ' s was opening the letters , eleven in number , at the station-house in Gardener ' s Lane , in which place Mr . O'Connor is at present confined , they were taken by the Inspector . The Posf-office orders were offered to the party in question , but he refused to take one part without the other . " No instructions have at present reached the Station at Gardener ' s Lane as to the examination of Mr . O'Connor ; but we shall report progress , step by step , on every occurrence .
" We regret to state , also , that at present Mr . John Campbell , one of the Executive , is also confined upon a similar warrant to chat against Mr . O'Connor , in the loathsome cell Dext to the latter . Both are in excellent spirits , thon _ h Mr . O'Connor ' s chest is in such a state of inflammation as to have induced his gaolers to call in medical advice , the result of which is , that a certificate has been given to the purport that hiB dungeon should be less circumscribed . "
REMOVAL OF MR . HILL TO MANCHESTER . It is determined upon that the removal of Mr . Hill and Mr . T . B . Smith to Manchester , shall take place to day . They are to depart by the sixteen minntes past ten train . I cannot ascertain whether they will be placed before the Magistrates for examination this day or not ; but I begin to infer from the movements of the officers that such will not be the case ; and that they will not be produced in Court for examination before Monday . Of course bail will be refused !! The plea will be that "bail cannot be accepted till the nature of the charge is known ; and the nature of the charge cannot be known until the parties are examined , ' &c . &c . It is easy to see through all this . To keep the parties m prison for four days , even should the charge against them be groundless , is a feat worth some trouble to accomplish !
The Mercury of this moTning has the following announcement of these arrests : it is well worthy of record in these pages , and of deep attention from the Chartist body : —
SEVEN CHARTISTS ARRESTED . " Yesterday the following Chartists were arrested on a charge of being present and uttering Seditious language it a meeting of Chartist delegates , held at Manchester , on the 16 th day of August last : —The Rev . Wm . Hill , T . B . Smith , G . J . Harney , C . D . Doyle , J . Leach , T . Railton , aud the Rev J . Soholefield . Hill , who is the editor of the Northern Star , was apprehended in Briggateby two policemen , having warrants signed by the Manchester magistrates , and on being arrested , he was forthwith lodged in prison . In the course of the forenoon , the same policemen went in search of T . B . Smith , a kind of Chartist local preacher , residing at the east end of the town , who was speedily secured and placed along with Hill in the Court-Rouse . G . J . Harney it will be remembered , is a leading Chartist , who
made a sort of sham-election circuit for the suffrages of the West Riding at the last election ; he was arrested at Sheffield , and his companion , ( J . Leach , ) who also figured before the electors of this Riding on the occasion just alluded to , was arrested at Manchester , along with the three remaining Chartist leaders , Doyle , Railton , and Scholefield . It is probable that these arrests have taken place just now in order that the parties may be brought to trial at tho opening of the Special Commission at Liverpool , which will take place in a few days . We hear thst a warrant has also been issued for the apprehension of Mr . Feargus O'Connor , who now resides in London for the purpose of editing his London evening publication—the Evening Star ; he having b ^ en present at the meeting of delegates at Manchester . "
u We believe that the meeting of Delegates on the 16 th of August was a private , not a public meeting ; and it is conjectured that the adoption by the meetisg of an inflamatory and seditious placard is one ground of charge against the Delegates who have been arrested . The friends of Mr . Hill allege that he opposed the adoption of the placard . It is con jeetured that there musthave Heen spies at the meeting , theproceedings of which were reported very briefly in the Northern Star . Passing over the bad taste evinced by the Editor of the Mercury , in exposing his petty personal spite and malignity , by omitting the usual courtesies of society in speaking of his brother Editor ; passing over the paltry exhibiton of wounded false pride at such a time and tinder such circumstances ;
passing over this , for the present , though not Jorgetting i ! , one is struck with one or two things in this demi-. ffic ; al publication . At a Iato hour last night , the Mercury did not know what he has this morning published ; for his Reporter was at our office door trying to betj a copy of the Northern Star then printed off , to enable him to siate the tacts connected with the arrest ; and he was rednced to the nece&sity of copying our Posting Bill to get the names of these who had , up to that time , been arrested . The particulars then , so minutely given , wtre supplied by some one alter that time : and those particulars let out the fact that the alledged seditious words were
ettered on the 16 th August last- Yet the Manchester authorities have delayed making the arrests till the 39 th of September , a few days before the sitting of the special commission by which they are to be tried ! 1 No doubt this is done to give the accused plenty of time to learn the nature of the charge vamped up against them ; to well weigh the evidence by which ihat charge is attempted to be snpportea ; and to prepare their answer ^ in defence . ' No doubt , the arrests being delayed till now , is lor this object , —and for thi = ; object alone . There are other things deserving of note in this curious announcement ; but 1 must for the present refrain . I am just off for Manchester , Jos . Hobson .
ARREST CP MR , ARTHUR . Carlisle , Friday Evening , half-past four o ' clock . We have just received a letter from a correspondent , containing the following announcement : — " I have jast time to inform you that Mr . Jame 3 Arthur , bookseller , has this moment been arrested by an officer from Manchester , who is , at this time , searching Mr . Arthur ' s house . The warrant charges him with exciting the people to riot , &c . "
ESAMXKAT 1 ON OF THE CHARTIST PRISONERS AT MANCHESTER . Northern Sear Office , Saturday Evening , Half past Sir . In successive Editions we have noticed the arrests which have been made from amongst the ranks of the people . We now proceed to lay before our readers every particular ve have been able to obtain . Ai the New Bailey , Manchester , on Friday ( yesterday ) the Rev . James Scholefield and his son
WUliam ^ James Leach , Bernard Macartney , John Maasey , Robert Ramsden , Thomas Railton , Christopher Doyle , John Ellison , John Norman , and John Barratt , were brought before Mr . D . Maude , Esq ., and David Price , Esq ., for examination . The charge against them , as expressed in the warrants , was , " that they did wickedly conspire , combine , confederate , and agree together , to excite her majesty ' s liege subjects te sedition and disaffection against the laws of this realm , aud incited them to riots , tumults and illegal assemblies , and by force ,
violence , and intimidation , prevented certain of Her Majesty ' s subjects from following their lawful occupation , aud to force them to depari therefrom , and to disturb the peace of our sovereign lady the Queen and the Kingdom of England . " The following prisoners were then placed at the bar : — John Massey , Robert Ramsden , James Leach , Thomas Railton , Christopher Doyle , James Scholefield Wm . Scholefield , Bernard M'Cartney , John Ellison , and John Norman . Mr . Gregory , addressing the court , said , —The prisoners at the bar . Sir , stand charged with conspiracy of a very seriouB character ; we are not
prepared with the witnesses ; and , under these cironmstances , appearing here on the part of the crown , I have to , apply to the Coart to remand the prisoners to Tuesday next . I understand , with respect to one gentleman taken , and now here with his son , that it would be a matter of great personal inconvenience to him and to his son , if both of them were to be absent from their peculiar employment at the same time . They are moving in a more respeotable station of life than the others ; and it would of course be the wish of the government , as far as is consistent with safety , to afford any indulgence that can be granted previous to trial . Under these circumstances , of course , I should wish a favourable reception to be given to the application that may be m « .. - )« on their behalf .
Mr . R chard Cobbett , attorney—I did not hear that you were speaking , Sir , before you stated that nnder the circumstances you wished the prisoners to be remanded . May I ask what the circumstances are ? Mr . Gregory—There are various other parties involved in the same charges , and against whom warrants are issued , and who , 1 suppose , will most probably be brought up by the time I mentioned ; and it is desirable and convenient for the purpose of public justice , that the charges should not be entered iato till they are taken . Mr . Cobbett—To-day ia Friday . Mr . Gregory—To-day is Friday , and I ask for a remanfl to Tuesday .
Mr . Cobbett—to the Bench—But you see , Sir , it is rather a long time to ask for a remand , when no reason is stated , except that they intend , if they can , to take other parties . Now , under any possible oircumsfanoes , the oase may be as easily proved against these men , without tho presence of the other parties , as with them . An ¦ , if it even were not so , I would submit that at all events it is never usual to resaand for so long , unless it is intented to take bail in the meantime ; because five days is something , not merely a joke . I say nothing as to Messrs . Soholefield , for whom 1 appear ; because what Mr . Gregory has already said upon that point , meets what we should wish . exactly ; but with reBpect to Mr . Leach , for whom also I aopear , I am bound to make a special
application . He is already held to bail , and in very heavy bail , too , to appear at the Special Commission to take his trial . He was taken at such a time that he could not traverse at the Special Commission to a future assizes ; he is now getting up his defence for the trial , which is to take place upon the former charge ; and his being taken here , and now kept in custody , may absolutely prevent the possibility of his defending himself as he might otherwise have done , when the trial comes on . The same observations do not apply to the rest of the prisoners , because , if they please , they may traverse to the following assizes ; but he cannot ; and , therefore , it is a great hardship upon him not to let him be at large on bail ; and I think any reasonable man will say , that the bail he is already under , is quite sufficient to Eecure his appearance .
Mr . Ed-ward Bent , attorney , said , he appeared for Bernard M'Cartney ; and the very reason which Mr . Gregory had urged on behalf of Mr . Scholefield and his son was applicable with doable force to his cli > nt . He was a bookseller in Liverpool ; and , in order to maintain himself , his wife , and children , it was requisite that he should be able personally to appear there . If there was a reason for granting the indulgence to Mr . Scholefield , he repeated , the same reason was doubly applicable to M'Cartnoy , who was the sole provider for his family . Mr . Maude asked the prisoners in turn , who . did not appear by advocates , whether they had anything to say , why they should not be remanded , and they all answered in the negative . Mr . Gregory said he had very little to say in reply . With respect to the prisoners already under bail , they were under bail to answer a perfectly distinct charge , and one certainly , serious as it might be , of a less serious nature than the present .
Mr . Cobbett . —Perhaps we might be indulged by Mr . Gregory statiDg what the present charge is 1 Mr . Gregory—It is a charge of conspiracy . Mr . Cobbett—Then , you see , we are already held over in enormous bail to answer a similar charge . Mr . Maude—It is stated that is the more serious charge . Mr . Sent—Perhaps , Mr . Gregory , you will state what it is . Mr . Gregory—Certainly I shall not . I have already stated , that it is a charge of conspiracy . Mr . Bent—But is it of a more serious nature than that already heard against some of the prisoners ? Mr . Gregory—It is certainly a very serious charge .
Mr . Maude said there were two questions for the consideration of the court . The first was the reqiest to have the prisoners remanded , which was a reasonable one ; and the second , whether the time asked for was a reasonable time . He thought it a reasonable request ; these prisoners had all been taken within a few hours ; and he could not say that it would be reasonable to require the witnesses to attend , and the evidence to be gone into , within a few hours after apprehension of the prisoners . Then as to the four day ' s time ; it was clear that the parties must have some time to make the necessary inquiries , and to get the witnesses in readiness . All the prisoners had been taken up on warrants ; and the court must assume , that the warrants were granted ou sufficient information , for such information was stated on the warrants . He therefore felt that no reason had been shown against remanding the prisoners to Tuesday .
Mr . Bent—Allow me to remark that Mr . Gregory and the other gentlemen employed by government—Mr . Maude—I heard you before , Mr . Bent , and I thought you had done . Mr . Bent—But I had not done , Sir , and I wish to observe , that the gentlemen employed by Government are in the meantime preparing their briefs , their evidence , and every thing ; and these are kept wholly inthedark , while the prisoners havenoopportunity afforded them . We are kept wholly in the dark as to the charge against them , and we are now very cL eely upon the eve of the assizes . Mr . Maude ( to Mr . Gregory)—You are not ready with your witnesses , of course . Mr . Gregory—No , Sir .
Mr . Maude—Then I think there is no reason why the prisoners should not be remanded to Tuesday . With respect to the Scholefields , Mr . Cobbett , have you any application to make i Mr . Cobbett—My application is , Sir , that they be let out . Mr . Gregory—The grounds upon which the application was made to me were those of private convenience ; and if the release of one of the prisoners would answer that purpose , I , on the part of the crown , have no objection that the should be held to bail . Mr . Scholefield—May I he allowed by Mr . Cobbett ' s indulgence to state a few facts . I have engaged Mr . Cobbett to conduct my case , and I am much obliged to him for his introducing it in the way he has done : but
Mr . Maude—I will hear any thing you have to say , but I think it will be well if you consider whether you had not better leave your case to the gentleman you have retained . Mr . Scholefield—I am aware that I am in some measure in the hands of Mr . Cobbett ; but if I might be allowed to say any thing further in strengthening his suggestion , I was disposed to state two or three facts . Mr . Cobbett—I do not understand that there ia objection te your application . Mr . Maud—No , I believe there is no objection ; it is on the ground that you have pablic duties to perform . Mr . Gregory—Of course I must call for security . Mr . Maude—Certainly ; there iB a difference between him and other parties . ( To Mr . Cobbett ) Yen will be prepared with securities »
Mr . Scholefield—My son , though I am proud of him , cannot , I am sorry te say , discharge my duties . A part of those duties are medical , and there are my duties on Sunday . r M i ; £ S - ~ I unders * ;) od that your son could mini tbe duties in your absence . Mr . Scholefield—No , sir ; my duties are medical ; and there are my duties as a minister also . What do you charge my son with ? Mr . Cobbett ( to Mr . Gregory )—The same as the rest . You have lumped them all in one charge . Mr . Gregory—Pardon me ; there is a separate charge against the son . oci »«» w Mr . Scholefield—As to my Bon , I should like him to be examined ; for he is perfectly innocent . He has no more to do with that placard than Mr . Mande has . JZESSSi&figSli , * - — ** on ^ eg ^ o ^ war ^ n ^ ****** Mr . Cobbett- Will yon let ns Bee the warrant 1
J ^' J ^ P ^ 6 warrant , as Mr . Cohbett ought *« taiow perfectly well , is not in my hands . xv * f . "J " ode T ? 8 hmU 8 ee tt - * understand that the difference has been made in Mr . Scffield ' s case , on account of some pnblic duties he has to per'3 S . V& Can TOur "" perfonA Mr . Scholefield-No Sir ; I am sorry he cannot : I wish he could . ' k Mr . Cobbett—I understand he has some persons to ^ U M . p ? lied t 0 Mr ' S J f ° * ^ 6 warrant gainst M'Cartney .
Mr . Gregory—You know as well as I do , that I am not the person to hold the warrant . Mr . Bent then applied to Mr . Boswick for tho warrant ; and he said , that that prisoner had been apprehended in Liverpool , and he did not hold the warrant . Mr . Cobbett , having had the warrant against Mr . William Scholefield handed to him , said , the son ' s warrant I see is for publishing that placard , and also for conspiracy . Mr . Soholefield—I beg to say a few words on the part of my son . This son of mine has no more to <> o with that placard than any man in that court . I was surprised , extremely so , when they took off , not my eon , only , but I may say the right hand of my family I for I have no wife , and my house is now left in the care of a woman servant , with my daughters . The pnblic duties I have to perform , I am so circumstanced , that he cannot perform for me ; but as to that plaoard , mv son knows nothing about it .
Mr . Maude—It stands consented to on the part * of the crown , that the voung man shall ba released till Tuesday , upon giving security for his re-appearance on Tuesday next . Mr . Cobbett—But you see , Sir , the application is on tho part of the father . Mr . Maude—1 am stating what the consent is . Mr . Cobbett—My application , which I understand was consented toon the part of Mr . Gregory , was for the father ; indeed it was for both , but the material party iB the father . Mr . Gregory—Your application to me was made in such a shape , as conveyed to my mind the idea , that the release of tho son would answer your purpose ; and it was upon those terms , and tho ° e terms only , that I was understood to consent . I see no reason now to alter lny determination .
Mr . Maude—So that if the 6 on be released , probably , as the father says , he is his right hand , he will be his representative for most purposes until Tuesday . Mr . Cobbett—I beg to press the case of Mr . Leach , which I put before . Mr . Maude—I cannot say , merely because a party is already bailed on * a lighter charge , that I should make , on that account , a distinction between him arid the other prisoners . I cannot think that that should make any difference .
Mr . Cobbett—The offence , so far as I can judge of it , is precisely the same as the previous charge . He stands differently from the other prisoners , because thereat may traverse to a subsequent assizes , for the purpose of getting up their defences ; but you have already fixed him so , that he cannot do so . The representative of the crown comes here , takes him up for a similar offence , and by that means effectually prevents . him preparing his defence to the former charge . If it is to be so , it is a complete defeating of justice .
Mr .-Maude—Wo should be very glad to take care that what you state should not necessarily happen . Mr . Cobbett—It makes all the difference to him . Mr . Gregory—It can make no difference . You know that he will have an opportunity of traversing , with respect to this second charge ; he has already had a full month and upwards , for the preparation of his defence to the first , with a full knowledge of what the charge was . Mr . Maude—They all stand remanded to Tuesday , with the exception of the younger Scholefield . What bail are you prepared with ? Mr . Cobbett—It is for me to ask what you demand , Sir . Mr . Maude—Our offer is not a mere nominal one . It would not be reasonable to require bail to an amount that you know the prisoner cannot procure Can you find two sureties in £ 100 each 1
Mr . Cobbett—I have no doubt we can , Sir . The principal trouble would be to get some one to examine < he bail , and say that it is sufficient . Mr . Mauds— Mr . Beswick , I daresay , will give immediate attention to it ; and I shall be very happy , if the sureties are ready while I am in town , to take the recognizances at once . Mr . Beswick—I think Mr . Cobbett has experienced no difficulty in this way before . Mr . Cebbett—lam no judge of the difficulty ; but parties have told me , that they have experienced very great difficulty . Mr . Beswiok—I assure you , Sir , they have not indeed .
Mr . Scholefield—I feel very sorry , but I would wish to appeal to the court , and say that I am ready to offer anything I can guarantee for my personal appearance , that , if allowed bail , I shall be forthcoming at any time . Between this aiid Tuesday , Sunday will be here ; and on that day duties will devolve upon me personally , and I have no substitute that can perform them . I am sure I will throw no obstacles in the way of the case . I will guarantee my life , if it is spared to me , to ba with you again whenever you want me . Mr . Maude—I thinkl cannot say anything further at present : your application has been made and considered . Messrs . James Barrow , draper , of 94 , Great Ancoats-street , and David Hordern , draper , of 19 , Portland-street , then tendered themselves us sureties for Mr . William Scholefield .
Mr . Beswick said , that they were both well known to him ; and he believed them both to be sufficient bail for the amount fixed . Mr . Maude—Very well ; then I will take the bail now . William Scholefield , teacher and schoolmaster , then entered into his own recognizance in £ 200 , and the two parties named into sureties in £ 100 each , for his appearance at half-past twelve o'olock on Tuesday next , at the New Bailey Court . Mr . Maude , in answer to applications , said , ho would give an order for the admittance of Mr . Cobbett and Mr . Bent , to see their clients inside the prison . Tho prisoners were then removed , about a quarter before two o ' clock . New Bailey , Manchester , Saturday , 1 o ' chek .
Mr . James Arthur , of Carlisle , Mr . George Julian Harney , of Sheffield , Mr . Richard Otley , of Sheffield , and Mr . Juhn Campbell , of London , have just been brought up . The magistrates present were John F . Foster , Esq ., Daniel Maude , Esq ., and G . W . Wood , Esq . Mr . Gregory ( the Government solicitor ) addressing the magistrates , said , that the four prisoners had been -apprehended by warrants , and were charged with the same offence , and in the same manner , as those persons against whom he appeared yesterday . He proposed to take the same step with them , and only applied that they might be remanded until Tuesday . Mr . Bent , solicitor , said he appeared for Mr . Arthur , who was anxious to know on what charge he had been apprehended . Mr . Gregory—He has heard the warrant read .
Mr . Bent—He has had no opportunity of meeting the charge . Of oourse if you remand him , you will permit me to see him in the gaol ? Mr . Foster—Certainly . The prisoners then , after being cautioned , were told that if they wished to make any statement they were at liberty to do so . Mr . Otley said he had no objeotion to make to the remand . All he knew of the matter was that he was innocent , and as he had always understood that in the eye of the law every man was considered innocent until he had been found guity by a jury , he thought he was entitled to ask to be allowed to give bail until Tuesday . Mr . Foster—That point is already decided . Mr . Harney said he should say nothing until he had heard fully the charge intended to be made againet him .
Mr . Campbell—I have nothing to say . I heard the warrant read over when I was arrested ; and I should not be surprised if , being a Chartist , the Government should hang me . 1 believe they would do it if they could . Mr . Harney then made application for the use of pen , ink , and paper , in order that he might communicate with his friends and prepare his defence . Mr ; Foster—You will have them subject to the regulations of the gaol . We cannot interfere in the gaoler ' s rules .
Mr . Harney—They may read all I write ; I only want to communicnte with my friends . Mr . Foster—Your application has been answered . It was then arranged that at ten o ' clock on Tuesday morning the charges would be entered upon , and the prisoners were all remanded till that time . Shortly after these four prisoners had left the dock , Mr . John Thornton , of Bolton , was brought up on tho same charge . He made no remark , and was remanded until Tuesday . Quarter to Three o'Clock . This moment the Rev . William Hill , Mr . T . B . Smith , Robert Brooks , of Todmorden , and William
Fletcher , of -, were placed at the bar , before J . F . Foster , Eeq ., D . Maude , Esq ., and G . W . Wood , Esq . The warrants on which they had been severally arrested were handed up to the Bench . Mr . Foster , addressing the prisoners , said , that they were not prepared to enter into the charge against them then , and that the other parties connected with the case were remanded until Tuesday next , at ten o ' clock in the forenoon ; they also would have to abide by that decision . Mr . Hill asked by what authority he had been confined in the " Stone Jug" at Leeds for twentyfour hours , and had not been taken before a magistrate ! Mr . Foster—We have nothing to do with what has been done at Leeds ; that will be a question for another place .
Mr . Hill—Then as mine is a bailable case , I not being charged with felony , you are bound to accept bail until Tuesday . Mr . Foster . —We can make no difference in your case ; you must remain in custody . Of course your solicitor or attorney will have every access to yon in prison , in order to assist inyonr defence . The prisoners were then removed from the bar , and sent to join their companions in solitude As soon as Mr . Hill had been removed from the Bar , Mr . Hobson , who was in court , rose , and , ad-
dressing Mr . Foster , said , Sir , I am a friend of one of the prisoners who has just left that bar . I am deeply interested in his welfare , and am bound in some measure to see after his defence . I mention this as a sort of reason for my application to be permitted to communicate personally , and freely , with him while in prison . Mr . Foster—That cannot be allowed , at least at the present . His solicitor may see him . Mr . Hobson—I am departing again for Leeds this evening . The solicitor to the prisoner I apply for liven in Yorkshire ; and it is because I apprehend that a message may be needed to that solicitor from his client that I make the application . Mr . Foster—Who do you apply to Bee ? Mr . Hob 3 on—Mr . Hill . Mr . Foster—We have no objeotion to send for him back here again , and you can speak to him here . Mr . Hobson—Please ilo so .
Mr . Hill was accordingly recalled , and on his appearance was informed by Mr . Foster of Mr . Hobson ' s application and readiness to convey a message to his Solicitor , should he have one to entrust him with . As Mr . Hobson stood some yards distant from the place where Mr . Hill was , the latter evidently hesitated to speak , from a seeming conviotion that every word he said would be overheard by all in court . Tho magistrates thereupon intimated that Mr . Hobson m : &ht speak to him in close contact ; and he , acting upon the hint given , hart some three or four minutes conversation with Mr . Hill in whispers , and received his instructions . At the close of this conversation , Mr . Hill again addressed the Bench * and Baid , that though they had determined to remand him till Tuesday , and not to admit of bail , he presumed they would impose no other restraint upon him than what was necessary for safe custody . He expected to be permitted to have book 3 , and to write to his friends .
Mr . Foster . —Of course , subject to the rules of the prison , affecting prisoners before trial . You will not be permitted to write what you please ; and what you to write must be submitted to examination . But every facility , consistent with the situation you occupy will be afforded . Mr . Hill bowed and thanked tho Bench . Mr . Hobson remarked that perhaps Mr . Hill ' s application arose from the fact that while in custody yesterday at Leeds , he had applied for pen , ink , and paper to write a letter to the members of the church over whom he has the pastoral care , to apprize them of his situation , and of his probable inability to be present with them in their worship on Sunday ; and that he had been refused .
Mr . Foster was sorry to hear that , but he could not help it . All he could do was to promise that whatever could now be granted or done , consistent with the general rules of the prison , to make Mr . Hill ' a situation as easy ' as possible , should bo done . Mr . Hill again thanked the Rench , and Mr . Foster remarked that his friends might provide him with food if they thought proper . Mr . Hobson then shook hands with the prisoner as he stood at the bar , and the Court broke up ; Mr . Hill returniug to his new domicile , the New Bailey Cell ; the magistrates going home to dinner ; and Mr . Hobson departing back again for Leeds , after making arrangements to have Mr . Hill supplied with food from some friends in the town .
Arrest Of The Key. W. Hill,
ARREST OF THE KEY . W . HILL ,
APPREHENSION OF FEARGUS O'CONNOR ON A CHARGE OF SEDITION . From the London Times . Feargus O'Connor , who had hitherto steered clear of the meshes of the law in any part he might have taken in the recent Chartist disturbances , has at length been apprehended by the police authorities , and lodged in custody on a charge of sedition . It appears , that in consequence of certain disr coveries recently made by the magistracy of Manchester , it was determined by that body to issue a warrant for the apprehension of Mr . O'Connor , and the warrant was placed in the hands of an officer , who came to town for the purpose of effecting his capture , in which he succeeded this morning at an early hour . ¦ Mr . O'Connor was taken at his own residence , at Hammersmith , at nine o'clock , and conveyed to the police Btation-house in Gardener ' p-lane , Westminster .
Information of the fact of his apprehension having been given at the Home-office , a messenger was despatched to request the presence of the Solicitor-General , SirWm . FolL-tt . Mr . Hall , the chief magistrate of Bow-street police-court , attended by Mr . Burnaby , his clerk , ai rived at the Home-office shortly afterwards , for the purpose of taking a private examination of the prisoner ; he was , however , removed to Bow-street , where , shortly after one o ' olock , he and John Campbell , who keeps a shop for the sale of Chartist publications , No . 180 , High Holborn , were brought up in tho custody of Inspector Hughes , . A division , and M'Mullen , of the Manchester Police , for the purposo of entering into recognizances on a charge of sedition at Manchester in the month of August last . The case was disposed of in the magistrate ' s-private room , Mr . Hall not being the sitting magistrate of the day .
Mr . Waddington , barrister , and Mr . Faulkner , solicitor , attended on the part of the Crown to watch the proceedings , and Mr . Concannon , a solicitor , appeared on the part of Mr . O'Connor . Mr . Henry , the magistrate of Lambeth-street , and Mr . Wray , the receiver-general of the police force , were also present . Mr . O'Connor being conducted into the room , Mr . Burnaby , the chief clerk , proceeded to read the warrant of Mr . John Frederick Foster , a magistrate of Manchester , which charged Mr . O'Connor
with "having on tho 17 th of August , with divers others persons , unlawfully and wickedly conspired , confederated , and agreed to excite Her Majesty ' s liege subjects to sedition and disaffection against the laws of this realm , and to cause insurrections , riots , tumultuous and illegal assemblies , and by force ; violence , and intimidation , to prevent certain of Her Majesty ' s subjects from following their lawful occupations , and to force them to depart therefrom , and to disturb the peace of our said Lady the Queen , and the kinpdom of England . "
Mr . Waddington said , he had the honour to appear on the part of the Crown , and he was willing to hear what answer the defendant had to make to the charge . The defendant replied , he had performed a most magnanimous act , in preventing the people from committing outrages , aad he never considered he should be called upon to account for such conduct .. Mr . Hall said , that whatever confessions the defendant had to make , or whatever examinations he had to undergo , should be taken in the regular course before the magistrates at Manchester , it being his duty merely to apportion the amount of bail after
a plea had been put in to the charge . The defendant replied he had no answer to make except that he was not guilty of the charge , but he wished the txamination of his physician to be taken as to the state of his health . Ho would in a short time be prepared with bail if required ; and , as to the charge , he had no more to say , except that in consequence of the active measures he had adopted to prevent serious outrages taking place upon the Corn Law question , he had been charged by the press with being in the pay of the Tory party . Mr . Hall—Then I am to understand you mean to put in bail ? The defendant replied in the affirmative .
Mr . Waddington observed , that if bail was pro cured in London , the defendant could not know the nature of the depositions ; but if that was not don- , he should be forthwith conveyed to Manchester , where the case would be gone into . The deftndent said , he would prefer putting in bail before Mr . Hall , from whom he would meet with every kindness ; but if he was compelled to appear before the bench in Manchester , he was sure to meet with insult , although he had done much good , which the magistrates there would not readily admit . Mr . Hall—Then you are ready and willing at present to put in bail ? The defendant said he would before the rising of the Court . Mr . tla ' . l—Are you under other recognizances at prus .-. nt ? Dcfevdent—Yf-p ; to keep the peace .
Mr . Hall—Was that upon a Government prosecution ? ¦ ¦ ¦ - Defendant—Yes ; I was obliged to find bail after wan discharged frcm York Castle . Mr . Waddington begged to observe that the Government did not wish to prets for excessive bail , although tho charga was of a very serious nature . Mr . Hall said , the charge in the warrant was of a character v « ry littl * short of treason , and the public would naturally . expect that the amount of bail required would be coniiriensurate with the offence , and in :. case it was procured within a reasonable time , the defendant might be saved the trouble of being sent to Manchester . The amount of bail he should cail upon tho defendant to enter into would be , himself in the sum of £ 1 , 000 , and two sureties in £ 500 each , to answer to the charge at the next gaol delivery at Liverpool .
The defendant thanked the magistrate , and he was conducted by the efficer into an adjoining room . ' ¦ ¦ ¦ -. The other defendant was then brought in , and haying admitted ho was the person charged in the warrant , said , that having been only a few hours in custody , he had had no time to communicate with his friends , who would procure the required securities . Mr . Waddington told him the same time would be allowed him to find bail as if tho offence was committed in London , which was until the rising of the Court .
Mr . Hal ! told the defendant he had time enough to send to his friends , and the amount of bail he ; should require wonld be , himself in £ 800 , and two ; sureties in £ 400 . each , to answer the charge at the next gaol delivery at Manchester . ]
Defendant—Oh ! that ' s impossible ; to fact , it ' s tantamount to saying I must be sent to prison , tor I cannot procure such bail . , Mr . Hall said , the only reason why he made any difference in the amount of bai' . was , that he was in a more humble sphere of Ii'e than the other defendant , although the nature of the charge in the warrant was the same . ' Mr . Waddington said , it only remained to have the defendant conveyed to'Manchester in custody by the : officer . Tho defendant was then removed . In the course of the evening Mr . Cleave , of Shoelane , Fleet-street , and Mr . Oldfield , of Bolt-court , Fleet-street , were accepted as sureties for Mr . O'Connor , and after a description was taken of the several letters which were found upon him , he left the court accompanied by his friends .
The Evening Star of Saturday contains the following account of Mr . O'Connor ' s arrest and appearance at Bow-street . It also oontains , as the reader will find , some important corrections of the errobs (!) in the Times's statement , given above : — Mr . O'Connor was arrested at his house , No . 6 , Chaeel-place , Hammersmith , at half-past eight o ' cloc k in the morning , by M'Mnllen , one of the Manchester police , assisted by four of the Metropolitan establishment , and was conveyed to Gardener ' s-lane Stationhonse , whftre , after surrendering his keys , and being asked if be had any other property , he was locked up in one of the cells . The want of ventilation , and the circumstance of a flltby privy being in the cell made the atmosphere so offensive , that Mr . O'Connor was obliged to send for bis physician , who had been in attendance on him for the last ten days . When the physician arrived , he ordered Mr . O'Connor to ba instantly removed from tbe cell , and gave a certificate to the following effect : —
" I certify that I have been in attendance on Mr-Feargus O Connor for the last ten days , that he ia labour ! ng ' under an affection of tbe heart , not organic but functionary , and that his confinement in the cell where he now is . is calculated to do him a serious injury ; and I further affirm , that although it is not in my district , the said cell is unfitted for the reception of any person . ' . Notwithstanding this certificate , Mr . O'Connor was still detained in tbe same cell for more than two boors The proprietor of the Evening Star having received information of Mr . O Connor ' s arrest , proceeded to the Station-house , taking with him some letters which
were addresed to Mr . O'Connor , us Treasurer to the Defence Fund , and which , by Mr . O'Connor ' s direction , he opened in presence of the Inspector ; whereupon M'Mullen instantly seizad them , And these were the letters , not letter , as the Times erroneously states , found on -Mr . O'Connor ' s person , which were read by the Solicitor for the Crown , and subsequently banded to Mr . O'Connor , after the solicitor had taken the names of the writers : These letters contained post-office orders , all of which , save one for four pounds , were returned , acd which four pounds is still missing , no doubt beini ; kept by mistake by Mr . M'Mullen .
When Mr . O'Connor appeared before the sitting magistrate at Bow-street , Mr . Hall , he was naked if be bad any examination to make , or any confession to rednce to writing ? Mr . O'Connor replied , " That he had no one to examine ; an 4 the only confession he had to make was that it was a very inappropriate reward for the essential services which he had rendered to tfie state , by using hi 3 utmost exertion to preserve the peace of the country during the recent outbreaks , and that he was ready to give bail . " Mr . Hall stated , that he thought it would be better that Mr . O'Connor should go to Manchester , and there bear tho charges against him . To this Mr , O'Connor replied , " That in his present state of health , he was very much averse to trust himself to the tender mercies of a ' Liberal bench of Manchester magistrates ; ' that he couid expect justice from Mr . Hall , but certainly not at the hanris of those who now charge him with all the evil consequences of their own conspiracy and sedition . "
Mr . Hall did not say . as reported in the Times , that the charge against Mr . O Connor was of a character " very little short of treason . '" He never onca mentioned the word , ' however the Times reporter may have used it to serve the base purposea of that paper . He simply said , " that he could n t be supposed to . know more of the charge than was stated in the warrant , as he had not an opportunity of beiring the evidence ; " when Mr . Waddington observed , "that upon the part of the Crown he bad no deBire to look for excessive bail , and further pressed upon Mr . O'Connor the advantage of hearing the case at Manchester . " Mr . O'Connor replied , "That it might be an advantage certainly ; but ; for the last ten days ha had been taking warm baths , and very active -medicines , and did not wish to gain even that advantage , at the risk of bis life , as his medical adviser bad handed a certificate to Mr .
Hall , and was then in attendance , to be sworn , if necessary . " Mr . O'Connor also Btated . " that for the last ten days he was incapable of writing even his private letters , and was ordered not to stoop , therefore , he hoped the Magistrate weuld throw no obstacle in the way of bail . " Mr . Hall then said he would require bail to ' tb « amount of £ 2 009 . —Mr . O'Connor hiniBtlf , in jtl . OOO ., and two sureties of £ 500 each , to appear at the next general gaol delivery , to be bolden in tbe county of Lancaster . The bail was speedily procured , and Mr . O C nnor was set at liberty . We trust that the evidence of the medical pentleman , as to the unfltness of the cell in which Mr . O'Conner was confined , will have Its due effect in the proper quarter . It has already produced its effect upon Mr . O'Connor , who , no doubt in consequence of four hours' confinement there , bad been spitting blood , and
otherwise suffering from the heat and stench of the place . We take this statement from Mr . O Connor ' s own lips ; and having seen him the day before yesterday , and not ;> gain till this morning , we do most solemnly declare , that we should have thought it impossible for so great a change to be worked within that time , in the appearance of any individual . Poor Campbell , who was nut in a situation to procure the heavy amount of bail required from him as a working man , was conveyed to Manchester by M'Mullen , to add one more to the victims of the Corn Law League . His shop is 180 , High Holborn , and we trust that the appearance there of the minions of authority will not scare the honest werking classes , to whom he has been a true and faithful servant . Surely , these acts of oppression must cease ; and the sooner the better , ? a there is a point beyond which human endurance will not and ought not to go . —Evening Star .
The Observer of Sunday has the following notice of these arrests : — In another column of the Observer will be found an account of the arrest and examination of Mr . Feurgus O'Connor on a charge of sedition . It will n ' s-o be seen that thirteen other Chartists—ten at Manchester , two at Leeds , und on-3 at another place—have been apprehended . Wo have obtained some additional particulars respecting these arrests , the accuracy of which may be relied on . The sedition with which the parties are charged , is not , as we understand it , written or sp ! ken sedition ; they have been apprehended on a charge ¦ f having , on the 17 th of August last , tonspirfd together , at Manchester , for seditious purposes . The letter , ! , eleven in number , which were found on Mr . O'Codkm ' b
person when taken into custody , <\ o not contain tnything which could implicate him or any one ei . . e . They all relate to contributions bting cow got up throughout the country in aid of a fund wh ? ch isViising f « r the defence of the Chiirtiais about to be trie . \ btfc . re the Special Commission . Imniediau-ly on Fiar ^ us being committed to an unhealthy , badly ventilated cell in the station-house in Gardener ' s-lnne , he wrote to bis medical man at Hammersiniih , requesting him to come and examine the cell in which he wns confined , and to give a certificate of the slate of his health . I-is medical adviser , on his arri val , gave the following certificate : — •« 1 certify that I have been in attendance on Mr , Feargus 0 'Connrr , for the last ten days , that he is
labouring under an affection of the heart , not organic but functionary , and that his confinement in the ceil where' he now is , is calculated to do him a seri' us injury ; and I further affirm that , although it is not in my district , the said c-U is unfitted for tbe reception ot any person . " Yesterday , all day , we learn from a private source , Feargus was in a state of extreme ill health , spitting such large quantities of blooti aa to cause much uneasiness to the friends that wtre with him . Yet in this state of great physical debility be < i '' ctattd to another party the following adiiress for The Evening Star , lately established to advocate Cuartist principles , and which has , within tbe list few weeks , been avowedly under his editorial control : —
TO THE PEOPLE . Beloved Friends , —I eannot write myself , but I can yet wag my lips j and though I have but this momc ; nt recovered from a fainting fit , under tha kind attentions of the amiable and patriotic proprietor , and oi tbo talented sub-editor of the Evening Utar , I cannot avoid saying a few words to you . In 1839 I ruptured , two blood-vessels in my chest , while advocating y « ur eause . against faction . In 1840 I had a severe illness , of which , no doubt , the rupture of those blood-vessels ¦ was the primary cause ; since then I h : ive spent two summers , and one winter , in a loathsome dungeon , always vowing that I would break oppression ' s head , or that oppression should break tny heart . My late sedentary avocation as Editor of the Evening Star newspaper has reminded mo of the frequent blows that my constitotien has received .
; Nearly every soul calculated to render your cause a j service ,. is now cut off from you ; and in tbe coming ) winter , faction means to fight its battle against | misrule ; not for the accomplishment of a better order ! of things , bat for the acquisition of power . Tbe Editor of the Northern Star , that faithful pilot and true herald of opinion , is snatched from you . Your Executive are banished or entombed . Will you not from these pawing events draw some conclusion ? This day all our letters were stopped ; not a line of news , not a fraction for the defence of the victims . Good God I ia this to ba borne ? and in a country ( Conliniud t » rur oar Seventh page . )
n THE NORTHERN STAR _____ 11 . ¦ . _ ¦ _„____„ . __ ¦ _ —_ . . . . ¦ nft t
Northern Star (1837-1852), Oct. 8, 1842, page 6, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1182/page/6/