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( Continued from our Sixth page . jaljaJ free ! What does fiction look for » Does it jjOpe to frighten us ? No , never ! Weak though I be at this moment , yet ¦ will I , with a firm foot and cheerful countenance , march to execution , if needful , and , frowning terror into shame , die upon the scifibld rather than be driven from the advocacy of your cause . Yirtue to the unfaithful is poison . Honesty is terror , and perseverance is ruin . Your leaders possessed these several attributes , which were calculated to give effect to your noble purpose ; and in consequent the will of tyranny fcsa selected them for victims . The monsters knew that it was my intention , as it was my duty , to sit * ^\ a * J ^_ _ . FY * .., T
under th = dock , ebeering on the Chartist prisoners , and giving them that hope whici my presence has never failed to inspire . This "was my crime , and their intention was to stop me . In this , as far as Stafford irsJ concerned , thsy have succeeded . My physician fcss sent a certificate there , in which he distinctly forbids my not only going to Stafford , but also prohibited me frea coining to London . I send , by this nirhfs post , however , fifty pounds , for the defence of tae tjrjaners , which is nearly all that has been received ; and , no donbt , our good and intelligent
friend , Mr . Roberts , solieiwr , will see to its proper app lication , under the guidance of a managing committee , who will bear in mind that the money consists of the hard-earned pence of the poorest of the poor . Henceforth all sums intended for the Defence Fund Dust be sdiressed to Mr- G . F . Pardon , pnbliaher , jtwrfjs /; Star Office , 252 , Strand . In this Btate of things I have only to implore of you to rally with increased determination around the Evening Star and Northern Star Kewspapers , as the object is , if possible , to crush them , sz : d then to make an easy prey of our cause . I have no moTe to say , but that I am your ever faithful , fond , and unpnrchasable friend , Fkabgcs CCosxoe .
« MR . CAMPBELL'S ARREST . From our own London Correspondent we learn the folio wing particulars of the arrest of Mr . Campbell : — Aboa : ten o ' clock on Friday morning , three policemen , in plain clothes , entered Mr . Campbell ' s shop , in High Holborn , and after reading over to him the warrant which had been placed in their hands , ana telling him that they arrested him by virtue of it , they proceeded to search his house . The only property they thought fit to remove was about 100 blank cards of membership for the National Caarter Association , and a few letters which had just arrived by the morning's poet , some of them containing past-office money trdcrs . The letters they retained , but the xioney orders were returned . Mr . Campbell was then conveyed to Bow-street , and , after a short examination , committed . He was peroiifcted to find bail ; but its amount was fixed at £ 1 . 600 .
Daring the day , Mr . Wheeler procured an interview with Mr . C . and ascertained the amount of hail required ; but owing to the shortness of time . allewed , ( Mr . Campbell being informed that he must leave for Winchester at five o'clock , ) he was unable to procure it for his frierjd . About haif-past seven o ' clock , Mr . Campbell in company of two Manchester efficers , was conveyed to that town . The cell in -which he was kept during the day , was one of the most confined and lbathlome description . Mr . O'Connor had been confined in an adjoining one , but was , on the cextifiicate of his physician , removed to one of a more commodious descrip tion . So privately were the arrests in London conducted , that until the publication of the Evening Star , very few persons in the metropolis were at all acquainted with the rircumstarce .
From the Evening Star of Saturday we copy the following letter from Mr . Campbell te his ¦ wife , and the appended notice to it by the Editor of the Chartis t daily organ : — " Station-house , Westminster , Sept . 30 , 1842 . "Mr deab Wife , —I txpect to be removed to Manchester this evening or night . I have been before the magistrates at Bow-street . They demanded £ 1 , 600 bail , and to have it ready by five o'clock . This I could net do ; so of course I had to decline their offer . The police have behaved very civilly to me . However , I am not a stoic , to be as comfortable here asrif I were at large . I have Been Mr . Wheeler .. He sajs that he will see that the shop U looked after while I am in prison . I have many friends in Loudon amongst the middle class even , as well as the esteem and respect of the whole Chartist public . Thank God , I have never done s wrong act to forfeit their good opinion of me . Keep Charles at
school until my release . Teach him the respect he owes to you , to me , to society , and to himself . I am easy in mind as regards your ' s and the children ' s maintenance whilst I am in prison , because I am sure that the London men will see to that : take care that the ' Democrat is published regularly ; let -but the people support that , and you will be removed from distress . See Dr . * ? ? ; from the lit : le I know of Trtm I judge him to be a good man , and I am sure he will render you some assistance ; so will Shaw , so will Sewell , so will Morling , Mason , M'Pherson , Southey , Goat , Wceeler , Simpson , Dron , Salmon , iliss Inge , and many others that I know of ; keep up your Epirits . I do cot know of anything they can charge me with . I am innocent of crime . I feel myself in good spirits . Do not you fret on any account ; prove yourself a true democrat , and that you are worthy to be the wife of Tours affectionately , J . Campbell .
Poor Campbell was conveyed , last night , to Manchester , in order to procure bail to the enormous amount of £ 1600 —himself in £ 800 , and two sureties in £ i 0 Q each . His wife is in a m » st distressed condition , and we beg to recommend htr most particularly to Che notice of the Chartist public . Fnder her present afflicting circumstances , any assistances they can render will be most acceptable . She keeps a stationer's shop , at ISO , High Holborn , where the Evening Star , Northern Star , Chartist Circular , and all other Chartist publications are constantly on sale . —Evening Star .
. ? — A TOICE FROM THE DTJNGEOX ! " IHE EDITOR 5 ' TO HIS READIES . [ Xorthem Star office , * Tuesday , half-past three . This afternoon's post has brought a letter from the incarcerated Editos to his readers , which , do doubt , they will read with great interest . From it they will learn the sort of stuff a patriot should be made of , if oppression ia to be successfully battled and overcome . Would that those who have compassed the destruction of the " good men and true" now in prison , had seen them at their Sunday labours ! and have learned the futility and inutility of attempting to break the spirit and damp the energies of men so grounded in a knowledge of the justice of their cause ! ]
New Bailey Prison , Manchester , Monday Morning , October 3 , 1812 . My Deab Fbiexds , —You have doubtless all heard of my arrest ; and are doubtless all looking for my own account of it Here , then , it is . I shall give you a brief narrative of facts , without note or comment I ») mH leave you to form your own judgment of the facts ; while I * rmii reserve my comment upon the facts for a mere fitting opportunity . You all know the part I have taken , both individually and officially , in the discussions to which of necesaty the late " strike" in the manufacturing districts gave rise . You will probably , therefore , be not leas surprised **»» " i was to find that I am charged with " intimidating and preventing people from going to work '" Such however is the tact
On Friday morning , about nine o ' clock , going up from my lodgings to the office , to maka up the second edition of the paper , I saw Superintendent James , of the Lseds police-force , passing down the street on the opposite side of the way , and evidently making signs to Borne one higher up the street While looking at rii ™ i f ^ t myself very slightly touched on the sheulder . On looking round I perceived right in front of me a very respectable looking man whom I had not previously noticed , and who enquired if my name was TTrn ? on my replying in the affirmative , he said , " I want you , Sir ; I have & warrant for your apprehension . " I said " Who are you , Sir ? where do you come from ? and where is your warrant ? " " I am from
Lancashire . " " From Lancashire ! Where do you come from , Sir » ' " From Manchester . " " Very well , Sir , Now foryour warrant" " My warrant is all right , Sir ; but I suggest that you had better walk qmetly on to the Police Office , at once . " James here came -up , and said " It's all right , Mr . Hill ; his warrant is properly backed by a Leeds magistrate , and you bad better go with him . " Further parley was neither necesaary nor desirable . This wa » at the bottom of Briggate , just by the Golden Lion . James led the way up Swine-gate , and I followed ; my new friexd following Tery close afUr me . I afterwards fonnd this person to be Inspector Tatlor , of the Manchestei " force . " We walked on to the Poliee Office , where , on my requiring the warrant to be read , I found it to chszge for that "I and various other persons , did on tbe 17 th
day of August , and at divers other times , at Manchester aforesaid , confederate and conspire together to persuade and intimidate , and with force and arms prevent great numbers of her Majesty ' s subjects from returning to their employment" I was then politely requested to empty my pockets , and place their contents upon the table of the police office . I did bo , and Taylor then turned the pockets of my coat , waistcoat , and trousers inside ont , and unbuttoned my — _ . _* _• __
clothes to search for inside pockets . Having satisfied himself that he had got all my " traps , " he returned my comb , spectacles , gloves , and pocket-handkerchief ; every other artiele , my watch , my purse and its contents , my keys , a few papers , and even the ring from my finger , and two bits of scaling wax were all carefnUy packed up . I was then handed over by the Manchester officer to superintendent James , who condncted me to the lock-np cell
Immediately on being locked up , I said to James , " Well ; here I am . Now , send me pen , ink , and paper . " He replied , "You can't have them , Mr . HilL ' I said , " Bu : I must at least send a note to my friends , to tell them I ain here . " " It won't be allowed . Sir . ' And he turned on his heel and walked away , leaving me in ihe "Stone Jug " to my reflections . Before taking me down , James took aside the gaoler and conferred with him for some time alone . I heard him say : " You will take care that he has not the
least communication with any one . " To which the ga « ler replied , He can go into the women ' s ward , where he will be entirely by himself " That ¦ will do , " said James ; and down we went When left alone I was in a small yard currounded on all sides by massive stone walls , and a curious kind of net-work grating of heavy iron , at the height of some twenty feet over-head , coming over and across the entire yard , firmly fixed in the wall on all sides and fenc 9 d with chevaux de friez Here then I paced backward and forward , like a wild beast in a den , for some time . I had no information
given me that this was not the only place to which this yard would lead . The rain began to drop , and I perceived no place in which I possibly coald take shelter , exctpt the privy ; to the opsn aoor of which my olfactory nerves directed me . While musing upon this pleasant alternative , the gaolor entered with a shovel and sjme fire , observing , that as it was wet and cold he tflought I might do with a fire . He then opened a door which I had not seen and which led into a cell . He made a fire , and left me . I found my fire to be no acquisition , for the smoke , instead of going up the chimney , earns all out into the room and completely filled it Nor was it much batter all day—so that I had the delightful c hoice of being drenched with rain in the yard , choked with smoke in th « cell —( the floor of which was as wet as a well )—or suffocated with theeffinvia
of a privy . About one o ' clock I was joined by Mr . T . B . Smith , and we continued alternately to stove ourselves in the smoke , till we could bear it no longer , and walk in the rain till we could beir it no longer , all day . To this agreeable occupation I had , however , a short respite in the afternoon being cal ' ed out to accompany Inspector Taylor to my lodgings , that he might search for papers , such as might serve for evidence against me . He made a capture of several manuscript sermons—a Chartist Circular , a tract , exhorting the men on strike
to return to labour , and some other papers . He then said that as some of my keys applied to drawers , &c , in the Star office , he should wish to see those drawers , &c . I said I can give you no authority : you must talk to Kr . Hohson about thit However , into the coach we got again , and to the Stor-iSice ; when , as you know , Mr . Hobson refused to allow any search to be made . I was reconducted from the office to the Police-office on foot , and again turned into my rainy yard and smoky cell , where I found Smitk still " cooling his heels" alona .
About nine at night , we were removed to our sleeping cell—in which we had a very uncomfortable straw bed for the two of us—and for a chamber-pot a large wooden pail with a hole through the bottom . We had however , plenty of good and clean bed clothes , but no pillow . We were abundantly provided with food ; and I mii 3 l do the gaoler and his wife the justice to say that they were very civil , and I believe as attentive and considerate as their orders would permit At ten in the morning , we were ordered
to prepare for our removal ; and , handcuffed together , Smith and I were bandied into a coach , and trundled down to the Railway Station . Inspector Taylor and another policeman , who bad accompanied him from Manchester , and a Sergeant of the Leeds Police escorted us . We were put in a Becond-class carriage , Taylor and the Leeds Sergeant leaving us , and the other man taking us "in tow . " My good friend , Hobson , met us at the Station , and accompanied us to Manchester .
Arrived at Manchester about half-past one , we were taken , still handcuffed , in a coach to the Town Hall We were there regularly " entered , " as I suppose they call it , on the " charge sheet ; " the name , age , and occupation of each being inquired , and each being gravely asked " How many times have you been in the hands of the police before V Several , indeed most , of my friends , had been arraigned , and remanded , previous to my arrival in court I was but just able to get into the dock in time to hear the words : — " This , then , will apprise all of you that you are remanded until Tuesday next" I inquired upon what ground I was remanded ; there having been no charge
made against me . I was asked in reply fey an eldrly gentleman , who seemed to be the chairman of the magistrates , whether I had not heard the warrant read . I said " Yes . " " Then , " said he , " that is the charge against you , and you are remanded until Tuesday . '' I again addressed the Bench , and wished to be " informed upon what authority I had been detained in a damp and unwholesome dungeon for more than twenty-four hours without a hearing ? " I was told that the court had no concern with what had taken place at Leeds . I said " This is , I submit , a most monBtrous proceeding for a man to be dragged from his home and connection—his business arrangments interfered with , and himself
immured in a dungeon for twenty-six hours before hearing ; and then when brought at last before a bench of magistrates , to be told that his prosecutors are not ready , and will not want him for four day 3 ! It is clearly a violation of every recognised principle of the Constitution , and an outrage on the liberty of the subject ; but if the Court have determined thus to act , I suppose it is useless in me to contend . You will , of course , take bail in my own recognizances . " " At present , " replied the Chairman , " we shall not take bail . Your case will be heard on Tuesday ; till then you are remanded . '' I then wished to be informed to what sort of treatment I was to be consigned ? whether to herd with felons , and be treated like them , or otherwise ?
I was told , in reply , that there was no intention to put me to any unnecessary inconvenience ; that no reasonable indulgence should be denied me consistent with the prison rules ; that I might have whatever kind of food I chose to send out for ; that I should not associate with the felons ; and that every facility should be afforded me for consulting with legal friends , or preparing for my defence . I was then committed to the custody of Mr . Walk . ee , the Governor of the New Bailey lock-ups , than -whom I never met with a more kindly-hearted and considerate man in the whole course of my life . Every indulgence and convenience that comported with his duty and circumstances , I believe he has afforded not only to me , but to all the fine fellows who are here .
I found here , besides myself , the Rev . Dr . Scholefield , Campbell , Leach , Doyle , Arthur , Hamey , Otley , of Sheffield ; Raiiton , Manchester ; M'Cartney ; Norman , Warrington ; Allanson , Stockport ; Ramsden , Salford , ( a lad of seventeen years of age , ) Brook , of Todmorden : Fletcher , of Bradford ; llassey , of Newton Heath ; T . B . Smith , Leeds ; Thornton , Bolton ; making with Mr . Wm . Scholefield—the doctor ' s sonwho is out on bail , a gang of nineteen jolly Chartists . By tb * kindly indulgence of Mr . Walker , we spent the whole of Sunday all together ; and , considering circumstances , % very happy day we had . Mr . J . K
Cooper , bookseller , of Bridge-street , an excellent Chartist , sent in a good dinner of roast beef , potatoes , and plum pie , &c . for the whole of us . It was eaten with good appetites , and I wish heartily that all good Chartists outside could have fared as well as we did insHe . We had divine service celebrated both forenoon snd afternoon ; the Keverend Doctor officiating in the morniDg , and myself in the afternoon , For the forenoon we bad no hymn or psalm-books ; this lack was supplied by the retentive memory of friend Smith , who gave out hymns froa memory , which were sung not less heartily nor less piously than if books had been in the bands of our persecutors in some gorgeous church
The aspirings of the heart after the pure fountain of benevolence are not less acceptable for being sent forth under unusual and oppressive circumstances . Our worship was performed amid , at all events , as great a propriety of demeanour as I ever saw . In the afternoon we were laid under farther obligations to Mr . Walker , who besides lending us a large Bible , borrowed for us eighteen hy mn books . We are to day divided into wards . I , Doctor Scholefield , T . B . Smith , Bailton , and Norman , ocenpy one cell ; Leach , Campbell , Doyle , Harney , Arthur , and Otley , are in the next hole , and the rest in another . We are to come np to-morrow morning at ten o ' clock . How things will go then I know not yet I guess , however , that we shall be all committed , whatever the witnesses , if any , may or mar not say .
If permitted , I shall write again and tell you all about to-morrow ' s doings . Till then farewell I God save you ! and speed the Charter !! Wm . Hill P . S . —Mr . Walker has at this moment ( a quarter to six p . m . ) informed us of the arrival of friend Parkes from Sheffield .
NEW BAILEY , MANCHESTER , TUESDAY , October 4 . EXAMINATION OF CHARTIST PRISONERS , Before J . F . Foster , Esq ., ( who presided ) Daniel Maude , Esq . C . J . S . Walker , Esq ., and G . W Wood , Esq . The magistrates took their seats on the bench soon after eleven o ' clock ; Sir Thomas Arbuthnot . Col . Wemyes , Messrs David Price , George Clarke , Thos . Townsend , R . P . Willook , and other gentlemen were also on the bench . The Court was crowded to excess in every part , and amongst the audience were a number of welldressed females , who seemed to evince great interest in the proceedings , as they never left their seats during the whole of the nine hours which the examination occupied . The prisoners were called up in the fpllowing order : —
James Leach , Oak-8 treet , Manchester , bookseller . John Campbell , Chartist lecturer , London . Christopher Doyle , weaver , Manchester . Rev . James Scholefield , minister and surgeon , Manchester . William Scholefield , schoolmaster , Every-street , Manchester , ( surrendered fen bail ) Bernard II Cartney , hook « eller , Liverpool . James Arthur , alias ITArthur , Carlisle . Richard Otley , tea-dealer , Sheffield . George Julian Harney , bookseller , Sheffield . John Thornton , hand-loom weaver , Bolton . John Norman , joiner , Warrington . John Massey , weaver , Newton Heath . William Fletcher , news-agent , Bradford . Robert Brook , schoolmaster and news-agent , Todmorden . Rev . WiUiam Hill , Editor of the Northern Slar , Leeds .
Thomas Brown Smith , Chartist lecturer , Leeds . John Ellison , power-loom weaver , Stockport . Samuel Parkes , shoemaker , Sheffield . Thomas Raiiton . joiner , Manchester . Robert Marsden , factory worker , Manchester . Mr . Brandt , the barrister , instructed by Mi . Gregory and Mr . Part , of Wigan , who conducted the case for the crown , appeared for the prosecution . Mr . Cobbett defended all the prisoners except Mr . M'Cartney , Arthur , Smith , and Raiiton . Mr . Bent appeared for Arthur ; and the others defended themselves . Before the cemmencement of the proceedings , Mr . Cobbett applied to have free access to his clients . Mr . Brandt said he had no objection , but , on the contrary , wished that Mr . Cobbett and Mr . Bent might have au opportunity of speaking to their clients . Mt . Foster—Oh , certainly .
Mr . Brandt , then addressing the Court , said , he appeared on behalf of the Crown , to state the charge against the present defendants ; which appeared to him to be one of a very serious and heavy nature . It charged these defendants with unlawfully conspiring together to excite her Majesty's subjects to sedition and disaffection against the laws of the realm , and to cause insurrections , r iots , tumults , and illegal assemblies ; and by forc 9 , violence , and intimidation , to prevent certain of her Majesty ' s subjects from following their lawful occupation , or to force them to depart therefrom , and generally to disturb the peace of the Queen . It must be quite within the knowledge of the Bench that this county had been in it state of great disturbance in the month of August last . Unhappy differences had arisen between workpeople and tueir
employers , into which it was not his business or iutention to enter ; but the manner of proceeding , and steps taken by the misguided persons who had left work and others , to compel the workmen to leave their employ , were such as could not be contemplated without great sorrow and regret ; they came within the scope of the law , and were , in fact , of a most dangerous tendency . That was the state of affairs up to the 17 th of August , on which day the principal transaction to which he should invite attention took place . It occurred within the borough of Manchester ; but it waa so connected with transactions throughout the county , and the charge was one which , in its own nature , involved a variety of transactions , all of which were acts done in pursuance of the conspiracy , and which acts being proved , would be evidence against the
defendants themselves , wherever they took place , whether within the borough , or in the county at large ; and therefore , in order to go fully into the charge , he thought this case had been more properly brought before the magistrates of the county , than before those of the borough . Either might have jurisdiction ; but that of the former had a wider range , and therefore was this case brought befere county magistrates . The court was aware , that the proceedings that took place prior to the 17 th August were characterized not merely by those circumstances which occasionally distinguish turn-outs in this conntry , but by a violent and illegal mode of turning out the hands who were willingly employed ; setting the constituted authorities at defiance ; and , in fact , usurping their authority ; and until the strong arm of the law was ready to be
and was in fact called forth , which it might not have been on the first emergency , this county might be said to be exposed to the attacks of lawless force . Happily those disturbances were quelled , but not till the strong arm of the law bad been call ed forth . And during the time this state of things existed , the conduct of the parties now before the court ; took place , which gave rise to the present prosecution . Tae charge against them was , that they had illegally combined together to foster that bad spirit which existed , and to excite the body of men who had turned out others by force ; and that they , by their resolutions and conduct , did foster and encourage that spirit , and even prompted it ; and that they did hold out inducements to those misguided men to go a greater length . Now , it was well known , that workmen were all at
liberty , if not content with their wages , to leave their employ . Combinations for that purpose , however dangerous , were still allowed by law ; but no one could believe that it could be allowed by law , that any body of men , not themselves engaged in that labsur , and not parties to it , should combine for the purpose of exciting others to turn out , even if it were only to obtain a higher rate of wages . But when that was accompanied by acts of violence ; when the conduct ol these parties was not merely to leave their own employ , but by threats , intimidation , and violence , by the intimidation of numbers even , to induce those otherwise disposed to continue at work to leave their employ , then every person engaged in that transaction was illegally engaged in it ; and every person encouraging and sanctioning those proceedings was a guilty participant .
But when , superadded to those motives , there was the intention—by " stopping the labour of the country , by compelling men to leave their employment—to effect a particular object , which object in itself might or might not be lawful by such means as were clearly in themselves illegal ; if this were done for any other object than to gain an increase sf wages , it was clearly and indisputably an illegal transaction . And when that object was to make a revolution in the law of the land , to change the established law , by introducing into it that perfection which some parties suppose might be given to it , and that by means like those he had described , such a transaction was most dearly and seriously illegal . He believed he should be able to satisfy the court , that the conspiracy and combination into which the defendants
had entered partook of all these ingredients ; that they did , having a knowledge of the violence and illegality of which the rioters had been guilty , sanction and approve of those proceedings , and encourage them to go on , and did avow that the object of those proceedings was to carry what they called " the People ' s Charter . " If he made it apparent to the court , that these , or any of them , were the objects which the defendants had in view , it was clearly as illegal conspiracy ; one , too , as it appeared to him , verging upon the highest political offence for whith parties could be amenable to the law . The present charge , which was one of misdemeanour , appeared to him to be a very merciful view of the subject , to bring it ont in that character . He had now to detail the transactions in which these parties stood charged with being participants .
On the 17 th of August , there appeared on the walls of Manchester a placaid , a copy of which be now held in bis hand . It was headed , " The Executive Committee of tae National Charter Association ; " and it waa addressed " to the people , " calling them " Brother Chartists . " He did not propose to read all this placard , because be did not doubt that it would be brought under the notice of the mag istrates at the time it appeared ; for they were then actively engaged in their duties of preserviag the peace , and could not be ignorant of the existence of so mischievous a document He proposed to show , that the defendants , every one of them , were cognizant of this document ; that they approved of it , and were desirous to publish it , and
m ^ f E \ * w nd to Bim ***> tbAt mote dangerous , mow blood-thirsty sentiment . , as it appeared to htm , could not be expressed than were contained in that document . When that placard appeared , the authorities were of courseexceeding y anxious to ascertain whence it emanated . The printer , bold enough cer-£% ^ "" ., name to t * P aP 5 it was found that it had been printed at the premises of a man named Turner ; a copy of the bill , on which there were MS . alterations marked , was found thenvandit was clearly traced nome to some of these parties . What waa this «• National Charter Association" t A widely extended association , and therefore the more dangsrous in the eye of the law . If men wished for a change In the laws ; if they sought such change a in waysaaoUoned by ihe laws , there was no reason why they should not ^ ^™^*^^™»^™^^^^^^^^
suggest , or even press for , an alteration in the laws . But when wa find an association banded together and making intimations like this ; cunningly devised certainly , with the appearance of abstinence from violenoe ; but really with a strong inducement and suggestion to violence ; such an association became most dangerous . It was found that this did really emanate from what was called " The Executive Committee ef the National Charter Association ; " for they had their committee , their delegates from different neighbourhoods ; and probably some of the defendants gloried In the name of Char : ist delegates ; but he hoped , if they had the feelings of men , that glory would be brought down , and that they would feel that they had been deluding both themselves and others ; and were embarked in a causa which could produce only mischief and anarchy , and certainly no good to any men or party . All
any the defendants , he believed , were connected with this association as delegates , aud two ef them held official situations in that association . The defendant Leach was not only one of the Executive Committee , but he was also president of the association . Another party , not now in custody , named Peter M'Douall , was also a member of that committee ; and he mentioned hia name , because he expected to be able to show , that the MS . upon the printed document was in his handwriting . Another of the parties before the court , John Campbell , was secretary to that Executive Committee ; and it included two other parties , neither of whom was in custody ; making , in all , five members oftheExecutive . Campbell , as the Committee ' s secretary , was probably the hand employed in sending forth that document ; and , therefore , there - could be no doubt that it did emanate from that Committee . Bnt he
would bripg it more closely to them , because he would shew that Leach had this document posted upon bis own door ; that Mr . Scholefield also , by the instrumentality of his son , was instrumental in having it affixed on his premises ; so that there waa , by these parties , a publication of that document to the world . Bnt he should go far beyond that . He should shew , that , on the morning on which that placard appeared , oa the 17 th of August , there was a meeting of different delegates , which was attended by all the defendants , and by others , amongst them Mr . Feargus O'Connor . This meeting took place in the chapel of Mr . Scholefield , in Every-street ; and all the defendants wera then present . Ho would call the attention of the Court particularly to this meeting . It waa clear , from what passed , that there bad been a meeting on the 16 th ( the
previous day ) , but he did not give any direct evidence of that meeting ; but from what passed on the 17 th , it was quite clear that at such previous meeting this matter of the placard had been under discussion , for it was then alluded to . At the meeting of the 17 th , a certain resolution was passed ; and , aa he had it in print before him , he could more conveniently call their attention to it . Mr . Fearguu O'Connor was one of the parties then present , and he ( Mr . Brandt ) was now in a situation to prove that he was the sole proprietor of the Northern Star . Mr . Hill , one of the defendants , was the editor of that paper ; and si the meeting it was determined that there should be no publication oi what had taken place , except only the resolution then moved for their adoption ; and it was determined , that that resolution should be published , and it was to appear in the Northern Star ; and accordingly , in the next publication of that paper , after the meeting , this resolution did appear in it . It stated , "That , while the Chartist body did not originate the present
cessation from labour , this Conference of delegates , from variouR parts of the kingdom , expresses their deep sympathy with the working men now on strike ; and that we strongly approve of the extension and continuance of the present struggle , till the People ' s Charter become a legislative enactment , and decide forthwith to issue an address to that effect , aud pledge ourselves , on our return to our respective localities , to give a right direction to the people's efforts . " At the same meeting Mt . O'Connor produced an address in his own handwriting , for adoption by toe meeting ; and , towards the conclusion of the meeting , this document [ the placard address of the Executive Cummittee ] being produced , it was ¦ asked by the defendant Campbell , whether the meeting wore to understand that he ( Mr . O'Connor ) would print it in hia paper ; and he answered , yes , he would insert it as an advertisement . He would now draw the attention of the Court to some of the language of this document . Mr . Brandt then read from it the following : —
" Therefore it is that we have solemnly sworn , and one and all declared , that the golden opportunity now ¦ within our grasp shall not pass away fruitless ; that the chance of centuries , afforded to us by a wise and all-seeing God , shall not be lost : but that we do now universally resolve never te resume labour until labour ' s grievances are destroyed , and prol 6 ction secured for ourselves , our suffering wives , and helpless children , by the enactment of the People's Charter . 'V Here was a resolution , as they said , upon oath , that the whole commerce of the country should be suspended ; that thousands of workpeople should be thrown into misery , distress , and want , till the laws of the land should be ouerturned , and a new law established upon the dictation of patties like these . The placard then continued : " Englishmen I The blood of your brothers reddens the streets of Preston and Blackburn , and the murderera thirst for more . "
They could not be ignorant of what this alluded to . The civil authorities in Preston haviug been scoffed at , abused and resisted , called on the military to act ; and no doubt the military did their duty under the direction of the authorities of the town . They discharged their fire-avms , by ¦ which one or more lives were lost ; and the wonder is , that their forbearance was so great , and that more lives were not lost . These men were called murderers . The placard continued ;—" Be firm , be courageous , be men . Peace , law , and order , have prevailed on our side : let them be revered until your brethren in Scotland , Wales , and Ireland , are informed of your resolution ; and when a universal holiday prevails , which will be the case in eight days , then of what use will be bayonets against public opinion ? What tyrant can then live above the terrible
tide of thought and energy , which is now flowing fast , under the guiriance of man ' s intellect , which 1 b now destined by a Creator to elevate bis people above the reach of want , the rancour of despotism , and the penalties of bondage ? the trades—[ by which is meant , the union between parties to carry out their system for keeping up the rate of wages ] , —a noble , patriotic band , have taken the lead in declaring for the Charter , and drawing their gold from the keeping of tyrants . Follow their example . Lend no whip to rulers wherewith to scourge you . Intelligence has reached us —[ so that they were not ignorant of the state of the country ] —of the wide-spreading of the strike ; and , within fifty miles of Manchester , every engine is at rest , and all is still , except the miller ' s useful wheels , and the friendly sickle in the fields . " And how had every engine been brought to rest ?
" Our machinery is all arranged , and your cause will , In three days , be impelled onward by all the intellect we can summon to its aid . " Yes , " intellect" was the suggestion ; the word was used that it might not be said that they were recommending physical force . " Therefore , the whilst you are peaceful , be firm ; whilst you are orderly , make all be so likewise ; and whilst you look to the law , remember that yon hod no voica in making it , and ate therefore the Blaves to the will , the law , and the price of your masters . " They were particularly to remember , that they had no voice in making the laws . .
" All 6 / 5 cers of the association are called upon to aid and assist ia the peaceful extension of the movement , and to forward all moneys for the use of the delegates who may be expressed over the country . Strengthen our hands at this crisis . —[ Why should these men call upon the people' to strengthen their hands ?]—Support your leaders . Rally round our sacred cause , and leave the decision to the God of justice and of battle . " If there were any , word or expression in that document to show the ultimate meaning of the parties , he thought that the last word would clench it . This placard was produced at the meeting ; there was no dissenting voice to it ; the sentiments of this document were , therefore , ' those adopted by all present ; and therefore they were all responsible for thai whloh was conveyed by it The address , from which he hod read extracts , was proposed ; it appeared that an amendment was proposed , differing from the resolution in phraseology , but to the same purpose , viz . : —
" That the information laid before this conference does not warrant the people hi mixing up the Chartist name and movement with the present strike for wages ; which was originated , as this Conference believes , by the anti-Corn Law League . " . What truth there might be In that statement he did not undertake to determine ; but he would say , that if the members of that or of any other league ever held out a threat that they would put a stop to the Industry of the country , they would be guilty of illegality ; and , if that could be brought home to them , they
deserved and ought to stand in that situation is which tie present defendants , were now placed . But that was not the present inquiry . The court would find , that the meeting approved of what had been done by the executive committee in preparing this address , and wished it to be carried forward . After almost every one else had spoken —( and he believed every one did speak )—it was put to the vote , and the original motion was carried by a very large majority . Therefore , whoever originated this movement , it waa palpable to common sense , as well as law , that those who sanc-
tioned It , being a > case of misdemeanour , were equally guilty with its first promoters , and became , in fact , the promoters of it But they did more . He had not found , that those who commenced it had indulged in language like that till that placard appeared ; and the Court would find , that , at the time the placard was brought to the notioe of the meeting , they were fully aware ol its dangerous oharacter ; for Mr . O'Connor said , " Did I not tell you yesterday , that this might be called Illegal ? " Its illegality bod been discussed the preceding day ; and Mr . O'Connor mentioned as a proof that his opinion of its iliegality was correct , ^™^ ^^^ *^ b ^^^^^»^^ "
that , as he said he had just heard , the printer of the placard had been apprehended ; and so , in fact , he had been : therefore there was proof , from these expressions , that this placard had been the subject of discussion on the preceding day . It then came forth for the approbation of the other delegates at this Conference , where the illegality of it was again brought under their notice ; yet after this , the meeting requested , that Mr . O'Connor would insert this address in his next paper . Accordingly , in that next paper , they had , in the way of comment , the very expressions used in the address presented by Mr . O'Connor , and assented to unanimously by this meeting .
" Brothers , these are not the times to hesitate . * We are fortunate in having an accredited Executive , bearing the confidence of all , at our head . They , too , have called upon you ; you will read their address ; it breathes a bold and manly spirit We cannot withhold from them our support * * From unanimity alone can success be expected . " Therefore , the acts of the Conference and the Executive , at the very time , were published and approved by their authorized organ , the Northern Star ; this address was published , which was prepared and received by the whole assembly , whioh approved of what the executive had done , and of the " manly spirit" in which it was drawn ; and consequently , they were all clearly participants in the guilt of originating , approving , and publishing that placard .
Without further observations , he proposed to call the witnesses . He should give some evidence , though it was almost superfluous , as to the state of the ceuntry , prior to the l « th or 17 th August ; then he would show the posting up of this bill , at the premises of the SoholefleldB , and of Leach ; and he would then go to the transactions of the 16 th and 17 th August ; and would call a witness , who was present on thut occasion , who would tell the court that all these parties were present on the 17 th ; and what took place . But he would rest the case not upon the testimony of any man , but upon the documents . There could be nothing delusive in them . If they were csuched in a fair , right , and honest spirit , then these parties had not offended against the laws ; but if , on the contrary , these doouments were the dangerous and wicked productions ,
which he thought them , then the defendants , and all proved te have sanctioned them , were guilty of misdemeanour . If there could be any doubt upon the evidence of the witnesses he should cull , it would be removed by a document found in the hands of one of the defendants , Robert Brook , when he was apprehended . Notes were fonnd upon his person , in pencil , written in a good hand ; partially rubbed , but still legible enough ; and from them it would appear , that the history he ( Mr . Brandt ) had beeu giving , was entirely borne out ; because they contained a note of what had taken place on the 16 th and 17 th ; and that would be evidence , not against the other parties , but against Brook , which would show the whole transaction—namely , that they met on the 16 tb ; adjourned , and met again on the 17 th
byadjournment ; and then received a report from the different delegates as called upon , who came there from great distances , some from Stookport , Newton , Bradford , stating how many persons had attended public meetings held there recently before ; and one of the delegates , Bairstow , from Bristol , stated 220 , 000 persons there to be desirous to aid the movement for the Charter ; but the working people could not cany out the present movement , and so on ; each delegate speaking seriatim . The Rev . William Hill said , that the people did not wish to connect themselves with the strike . Another dtjltagate , Smith , frsra Leeds , said , that there were 80 , 000 at Leeds ; and the feeling there waa against the striko . Having found in some neighbourhoods a good spirit existing , they took upon themselves to foster an evil spirit ; for the Court would flud in the notes of this
man —( and this was very important , though no evidence agoinet Cooper )—that , in the report made by Cooper , the delegate from Leicester , he says— " Tht men will cease working if the Conference recommend it , and they want to fight in the Potteries . " That was the language from the Potteries , and he was afraid that that wish bad been carried out-to some extent . There could b& no fact in question here . He should prove that the defendants were all present What they did would be established by their own acts and documents , upon which there could be no question ; and therefore , us it appeared to him , there was no room left to doubt—no one who understood the laws of this land could doubt —that these parlies had been engaged in a dangerous and guilty conspiracy . The Learned G 8 atUm ;; n theu
called—Archibald M'Mullen , Inspector of Police , exaiuiued by Mr . Brandt , Previous to the evidence being gone into , Mr . Cubhett made an application jthat all the witnesses might be sent out of Court They were ordered to retire . Mr . M'Mullen then deposed , that prior to tba 16 th of August there were serious disturbances in Manchester , to quell which a large body of special constables were sworn in , and the assistance of the military had beia called for . These disturbances extended bsyocd Manchester , to Staleybridge , Ashton , Oidham , and other places . I accompanied Mr . Beswick to the house of Leach , in Oak-street , en the night of the 17 th of August I saw a placard on a board in the shop ; it ia a boukseller ' s shop ; there were several other placards upon it- It was abont eleven o ' clock at night when we seized it ; but , having been directed to pass two or three times that day , I saw the board at the door : it attracted much attention . We seized and brought away other papers and cards .
Cross-examined by Mr . Cobbett—I first saw the board , I tiiiuk , after three o ' clock that dny . I cannot say whether the placard was there the first timo or uot ; but I believe it was , because there was a great crowd about ; but I was so well known by them , th&t I did not like to stay too long . Mr . Beawick had the warrant ; I believe he made an attempt to execute it before eleven o ' clock . I was with him , and in the neighbourhood . The board leaned against the wall , the placard was towards the wall , inside the wall , when we seized it I think Leach had not long come in , when we took him ; but he might have been .
Mr . Richard Beswick , chief superintendent of the Manchester borough police , examined by Mr . Brandt —I saw placards like the one produced posted on the walls on the 17 th of August , and I went to the printer ' s ( Turner ) with a warrant on that day , about one o ' clock , andeati&fied myself that the bill bad been printed there . I got ene manuscript there , which I have not at hand just now . That night I went with M'Mullin to the house of Leach ; he was in the hoUBe , which is divided by a partition from the shop I told him I had a warrant f « r his apprehension , and read the warrant to him . He said nothing particular . I searched the shop , and found a copy of tbe placard lying upon the counter . I found also a book , containing the names of tbe " Provisional Executive Council
of the National Charter Association of Great Britain ; Mr . James Leach , president" The book now produced is the same , and contains other matters . I found some cards ( which have been produced before . ) I saw in the shop a board , six or seven feet high , probably mere , on which a copy of the placard was posted , i afterwards sent M'Mullin to the shop , and he brought it to the Town Hall . I had passed the shop that morning several times , the earliest time about halfpast ten o'clock , and I saw a placard that appeared to be a copy of the same— 'it was headed the same , and hung upon a board at the door . Mr . Cobbett—Is the Bench of opinion that this is evidence of identity ? I submit that it is not sufficient , and object to its being received .
Mr . Foster—It is certainly evidence as fat as it goes . Mr . Brandt—Valeat quantum . Examination resumed—A number of persons were reading tub placard . I did not then read tho whole of the placard ; I had previously seen and read a copy of it Cross-exarainsd by Mr . Cobbett . —That now produced is a copy of the placard taken by rae at Leach '« . I have compared several copies with the copy found at Leach ' s . I eannot swear to it ; but a number of copies were Bttuck off on thin paper for me , from the type in my possession , and to the best of my belief the ' eopy produced is ene of those impressions . I have no doubt of it from the general appearance ol the paper .
I received the watrant against Leach , I fancy about noon ; I bad a number placed in my hands that day . I sent persons , not connected with the police , to see ii he was at home , and from them I received information . I could not hear ef his being at home at all , and was not aware he was when I we nt to search his house about eleven o'clock at night , and found him there : I am not aware at what time he came home . That book was on a small rfielf , beneath the counter , on the right as you enter . I found there other papers , and one or two other books in MS . It appeared to me to be put there for tbe purpose of being constantly used . Tho counter was covered with pape ** aad pamphlets for sale . He sells penny and half-penny publications , and newspapers of all sorts . . in » - ¦
Mr . Cobbett—As I shall want to refer to this book in order to prepare foe tbe defence of those men , I trust there will be no objection to my having access to it at any time . Mr . Foster—If you have any application to make , you had better mention it afterwards . Mr . Brandt—The proper time will beat the end of the case . The book is not in evidence . Nathaniel Higgins , a policeman—I know Mr . Scholefield ' s chapel in Every-street . On the 17 th of August I was facing it , between eleven and twelve o ' clock in the forenoon , and I saw a man coming from Ancoats Lane with Bome papers like bills under his arm ; he went into Mr . Scholefldd ' a surgery , adjoinin the heuse and chapel . Mr . Scholefleld ' s son WiUiam was at the door of the surgery at the time . The man went Into the surgery , and William Scholefleld went in with him . They remained a few minutes , and then the man came out , followed by William Scholefleld , who had a large bill ip bis hand , which he posted oa the outside waU
' ' " "" ¦¦ ' ¦ ' ! — — i , . i . . i , tm . M next tke street of the barial- « roun 4 which sunounda the buil i ing . I read some little of the bill ; not m uch ; it was something similar to that ; I read the heading , and it was the ' same in size and appearance : the printer ' s name was Turner . It was pasted upon the wall . I was near the premises again about jive , or a little after , that afternoon ; I saw about thirty persons go in ; amongst others Peter M'Douall , and the prisoners Doyle , L » ach , Eliisuu , and Campbell Those were all I kaew . That gentleman ( pointing to M'Cartney ) I believe wag there . I cannot speak to any other prisoner . In the morning I s . iw the eider . Air . Scholefield come oat oi the surijeiy door and to the gate , four or five minutts uftar the biii had h ^ er . posted , and about a couple of yards from the place ; but he might not see it , as he cUd not come ontoiJe . »» J
Cross-txamined by Mr . COBBETT—It waa on Wednesday thu 17 th ; I know it was , because the day before I saw Feargus O Connor go into Mr . ScbolefiUd ' s , out of a orach . I Lave been in the police aboat a month or fivo weeks ,- I was not in at that tiu ; s . I went to see Mr . Feargus O'Connor . I was no acquaintance of his ; I iitsvor sw him in Hiy life before , but I saw him there . 1 heard he was going therefrom people about the town . It was reported he was coining : n the morning . There were many people outside waiting to see him . I saw him at last and w ; ta much gratifitil . I went next Oay the same as other folk * to see whether the monument [ Hunt ' s ] would be put up or not . [ Uproar in the court Mr . Foster ordered silence to ba preserved . ] Crowds were going , and I went with them . It might be a fortnight after , I became a policeman , lo was not my anxiety about Hunt ' s monument , but my ' character , thirteen years' servitude under
one master , that got me into tbe police . I was out of work , perhaps three or four months . I left tha last place 1 was in of my own accord . I fell out with the manager cf Mr . Binns , in Ancoats-Iane . I was a weaver and overlooker . Mr . Irwin got me appointed a policeman . [ showed him my character , and he took-ae to Sir Charles Shaw ; and they made me a policemaa . I mentioned to Mr . Irwin what I saw at the cunpel , before I was asked , to be a policeman ; but I diii not think I should be asked about it now . Sir Charles Shaw was present when I was examined about it ; and it was al " t » r tba ' v tbat I was appointed a policeman . I was taken to tbe Town Hall and there examined by some gentlemen , whom I do not know . When I saw the man comu to Scholefleld's with the bills , William ScboUifieltl was standing at the door . I was standing on the other side of the Btreet . There weie other bills on the ¦ wall , but not just there .
By Mr . M'CartnGy—It was on the 17 th that , to the best of my knowledge , I saw you enter Mr . Scholefleld ' s premises . I will not swear it To the best « f my knowledge , you are the person I saw in Every-street ; bat I cinnet undertake to swear it I saw a person very jike youl —( A loua groan from the back of the court followed this answer . Mr . Foster said , that if that were repeated , the court should be cleared . ) I said before , that I believed it was you . I am not aware of my name being on the police-book before I was appointed . I did not apply till Mr . Irwin asked me if I wished to be one , aud I then produced my character . The long dork hair is the only thing I can judge from , that tbe man wa 3 like you . The person wore a cap . I have been known to Mr . It win some years . M'Cartney—I wish to know under what ciicnm . stancctH you first became acquainted with Mr . Irwin ? Witness—I cannot s : iy .
How did you know it was Mr . O'Connor whom you sav go to Mr . BclioleiwUTs house ? I only know it waa him from having heard puople say so . I never S 3 W Mr . O'Connor before that day ; I saw him in the morning , and I have seen him once since . When ? - When ?—On the same day , in the afternoon ! By whom were you first a £ ked to give evidence ? I was applied to by Sir C . Shaw , in the course of my duty as a policeman , to stats the particulars of what I saw ; but I cannot say wnat day , but it is about five weeks since . In the event of my conviotion , and those who are with me , d <* you expect any gratuity or reward ?
I do not . I may be turned off , and have to go to work again . I have nothing offered for my eviu ace . I have not the remot . st description by which I can positively swear that you are the man whom I saw in Every-streeE oa that day . I did nut swear that 1 saw Mr . O'Connor at an op « i window ; the window was shut It was tae housj window . I believe tke house is a square one ; I believe it was tbe first story fronting to Every-street The will on which the bill was posted is a low vtall ; . I do not know the height of the trail ; it may be as high as roy head . The window where I saw Mr . O'Connor is above the wall , bnt I cannoi say whether the entire of the window is aboye the wall , or only a part of it I cannot stand ciose to the wall and look over it ; but I was on tbe opposite side of the Btreet , which cau-sed me to see better ; T cannot swear whether Mr . O'Connor was sitting down or standing up . Air . M'Cartney—Will you swear that you positively believe I am the person you saw ?
Witness—I will swear that I believe it , but not that you are positively the man . Mr . Beswick re-called—I produce the copy or proof sheet ( No . £ ) of the placard with MS . corrections upon it , which I found at Turner ' s henso , and a corrected copy ( No . 4 ) of it found there ; and also I found at Leach ' s house , the card marked A , one of a large number I found there . It is inscribed " The National Chartist Association of Great Britain , James Li-. ich , prtsident ; J-jtm Campbell , secretary . " The placard No . 6 , now produced , is the one I found on the counter at Learh ' s shep .
M'Mullin recalled—I produce the placard mrrked with my initials , taken from the board fonnd at Leaeh ' s . I also found a number of cards similar to that marked A , lr . ucle up in a packet—[ The card produced was a c ^ . rdof membership in " the National Charter Association of Great BritaiD . " ] William . Griffin was next called . Mr . Cobbett said , before he was sworn , he would ask if ho believed in a state of rewards and punishments after this life . Witness '— Yes . Ho was then sworn , and examined by Mr . Brandt—I . have been a reporter for the Northern , Star British Statesman , and the Evening Star . On tho 17 th August , I w * nt , to a Conference of the National Charter Association ; it was & Conference of the delegates . I went thire with Bernard M'Cartney , to Mr . ScholefleWs Chapel . We got there beetween nine and ten in the morning . 1 should think upwards of thirty were
pres ? ut ; a person was sitting in the capacity of chairman ; they called him Arthur , au elderly gentleman . I do not recognise him as now present Feargus O'Connor , was . present ; the Rev . Wi'Iio ^ n Hill , —the D'ntiorr . 'in with a pencil in his h » nd ; James Leach , Julian Harney , John Campbell , James Csitledge ( not a prisoner ); Christopher Doyle , Thomas Raiiton ; a person named Parkes , from Sheffield ; and Ellison , of Stockport ; Mr . Scholefleld was not there as a deli-tate ; h 9 was in the room . I do not k : ow Thornton or Normnn by name . I cannot swear to the prisoner ( Norman ) now . shewn in& as being tboxe . Tiie priBonet uext M'Cartuey , Raiiton , was there . Tnornton was thare . [ A . rather curious scene for a Court of Justice was here presented ; the prisoners were called forward by name , na < i the witness was requested to luck at them , and if they ware there—he having all the names of the deputes , but not being distinctly acquainted with tha persons of each . ] The man with loug hair ( Brook ) was there .
Mr . Brandt—The prisoners pushed him forward as Thornton . Mr . Co ' bbett objected to the course of telling the witness a name , and pointing out the man , and thus enabling the witness to tell the truth or commit perjury as he might please . Mr . Maude ( in Mr . Foster ' s absence ) directed that alt the prisoners should be shown to the witness iu succession ; I ' r / tin pJaciDg his hand on a prisoner ' s head , and the witness being required to state whether hi recollected that prisoner being present Examination-resumed—I believe this person ( Otley ) was present : I took him for Arthur . I will not swunr he was in the chair . I cannot recocniBe that
yuuug man ( Norman . ) M'Cartney was there ; he went with we . Thomas Riilton I know . Campbell was there . That man ( John Thornton ) was present , in a different dress . That man ( Christopher Doyle ) was there . That man , who called himself Parses in the Coutteencs , was there . I cannot recollect tbat gentleman . ( Puinuug to Mr . Arthur . ) ¦ Arthur—I am much obliged to you . Witness—I will not swear to this one ( William Fletcher . ) ' - Hatney—What is my aame ? look at me straight as 1 look at you . Witness—Julian Haxney . Hariey—Aye , that ' s right .
Witness—I will not swear to the boy ; there was a yountj boy present that represented the " Youths , " and cailed himself Ramaden ; but I won't swear he is the person .- That man ( Robert Brook ) was there . James Leach was present That man was present ( T . B . Smith ); the Rev . William Hill was present So was that man ; I think his name is Massey . Mr . Soholefield was present , bnt not as a delegate . Daring the Conference , be came into the chapel . When I got there , the delegates rose in turns , and gave in a report Some bpoke perhaps five minutes ; some perhaps not so long . A man who answered to the name of Cooper spoke : I am not prepared with my notes here '; but he supported the resolution which was proposed by Mr . Bairstow . It was bearing upon tbe strike , and recommending its continuation . It attributed the strike to the cor-law league ; and , in the words following , it recoinm nded tbe people * to take advantage of tbat strike in : irivjncement of fl 8 &Charter . Feargus O'Connor recommended a word being altered to make it legal . I am "" my oath ; I will-awgydto my notes , but not from , memory . Soon after ( the * # xt mojrfliriJD 'I got a printed copy of the resolution . It was put to the vote . F . O'Connor suggested , that the ^ word " recommend" should be altered to " approve , " to make it legal . It was originally to recommend the continuance of the strike ; and Mr . O'Connor recommended it should fee " That the meeting , approves of the strike . " The resolution , aa amended by Mr . O'Connor , was passed . He afterwards produced an address , which was laid before the meeting and approved of ; and it was afterwards stated at the ( Continued in our Eighth page . J
THE NORTHERN STAR . 7 J _ _
Northern Star (1837-1852), Oct. 8, 1842, page 7, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1182/page/7/