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Rochdale.—" complete'routing of the Shot-Hots at Rochdale.—Our readers will remembur the repnrt of a meeting held a short time since at Rochdale, called by the juvenile Bright and Co., for the pnrpose of forming a Complete Suffrage Union, at ¦which meetirg thanks were givfcn to that clevel and indefatisable advjeate of Chartism, Mr. Kydd, and the Sfioy-Hova were "completely" upget Chagrined at their defeat, and anxious for victory, the town was again placarded with large bills contaiuing an attack on the whole Chartist body, designating them "National Disturbers," and calling on every true lover of freedom to attend at the same place on Thursday lost, and rally reund Complete Suffrage. Long before the hour el meeting the 100m was crowded to suff^catior;. Faetion bad summoned its every man; one Bright gentleman
THE LEADING JOURNAL OF IRELAND. ENLARGEMENT OF THE WORLD NEWSPAPER..
4> orll)comms Ctjarttet ^HecUn&s.
TO ALL "vVHO LITE TPOK THE FRUITS OF THEIH OWS INDUSTRY.
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IT is now FOUR TEARS since THE WORLD Btarled into existence , and it can , without fear of contradiction , be asserted , that in its comparatively brief career , it has achieved mere for the country in promoting good measures ai ; d checking fraud and corruption , than all tbe other Journals put together , which have been published in Ireland for tbe last century . When THE WORLD commenced its labours , there was to be found no Journal in tbe Kingdom which was not the slave of some party or faction ; and , therefore , it was impossible , nmongst the Irish Prtss , to look for independent advocates of popular rights or sound principles . True , it is , thatgoscl measures -were sometimes espoused by our contemporaries , but this only happened when those who exercised control over them bad some interest in their promotion . THE WORLD being subservient to no man or faction , steered a different course , and satisfied that the advent of better times might be greatly accelerated by giving no quarter to a bad system , NO Matter whether Whig or Toby held the rei . ns of totter , it persevered through good and evil report in boldly and ^ undeviatingly avowing its conviction . THE WORLD beheld Ireland , after a Legislative Union with England bad txisted for more than forty years , tbe most -wretched and misgoverned country in Europe ; and , believing that this BtaU of things could not have coi . tinued under tbe fostering care of a resident and Reformed Parliament , it , from the hour it started until the present , urged the necessity of temperately and legally agitating to procure tho Repeal of the Aot of Union . Perceiving theiDjury iDflicted upon society by monopolies of every description , THE WORLD has not failed upon every opportunity lo denounce them . ' First—THE MONOPOLY OF REPRESENTATION , whicl ^ SlrH ** 4 o * &w tbe f »» CbUe ^ JMVH the liww , liberties , and property of the millions who are deprived of the suffrage as completely in their hands as if the uart-presented claas were bond slaves . Secondly—THE MONOPOLY OF A STATE CHURCH , which insulta the majority of tho people , while it obliges them to contribute to support a faith that they believe to be erroneous . Thirdly—AN AGRICULTURAL AND COMMERCIAL MONOPOLY , in which we Inclnde tbe exclusive privileges conferred upon the Bank of Ireland . To storm tte fortress of College Green , and endeavoHr to obtain for Ireland that Freedom of Baokiog without which no country can be prosperous or happy , has been the constant aim uf THE WORLD , and thi » has exposed it to the hatred and persecution of & powerful class—we mean tbe whole tribe of usurious money-lenders . THE WORLD will appear in its new Form on the l « th of March . It will be enlarged to the fall extent allowed by Act of Parliament , and wiil thus contain no less than 3 , 060 superficial inches of Letterpress—an iSori hitbtrt * unachieved in the Annals of Newspaper Literatnre . It will be printed on an enormous Sheet of beautiful colour and unequalled texture , manufactured expressly for the occasion . It will appear as usual every Saturday Morning , -with a Second Edition for the Country at One o'Clock , containing all the Parliamentary and other News brought by that Day ' s Mail . TERMS ( Payment in Advance ) : —Yearly , £ 1 Gs . Od . ; Six Months , i :. 's . Od . ; Quarterly , Cs . 6 d . WORLD © ffice , Dublin , Marca 8 H 1 , 18 * 4 .
NEW AYOOLLEN CLOTH AND TAILORS' TRIMMING ESTABLISHMENT , 57 , BR 1 GGATE , I . EEDS , AND MARKET PLACE , DARLINGTON . AT H . DAVIS respectfully invites the attention of the Publio to his VALUABLE and EXTENSIVE STOCK OF WOOLLEN CLOTHS , Which he has purchased for Cash , and is determined to seM for 3 very email amount of profit . The Goods are of first-rate Manufacture , and not made for salo only , but will have the good properties of wearing well , and ensuring future orders . The Stock consists of DOUBLE-MILLED WATERPROOF TWEEDS , BEAVERS , PILOTS KERSEYS , CASSIMERES , SUPERFINE YORKSHIRE and WEST OF ENGLAND CLOTHS WOOLLEN and COTTON CORDS , . FUSTIANS , &o . &c . Waistcoatiugs from ls . 6 d . upwards , in endless variety . M . H . D . takes this opportunity to thank the numerous body of TAILORS , who have patronized him since he dissolved Partnership with Mr . Cullikgworth , and begs to assure them that no House in the Trade Ehall undersell him in any one Article . The Working Classes are invited to pur « hase Fustians , Cords , and Moleskins , at the above Establishment ; they will find it more advantageous to do so , and employ their own Tailors , than encourage the " Ready Made Clothes Selling Monopolists , " who get rich at the oxponoe of the Working Man , by paying him ose half for a Garment that other Masters give .
JIt Djus Fmesds—The various aspects in -which the respective champion 3 of Labour ironld present the whole question to the consideration of the industrioBs of all classes , induces me to postpone my fourth letter to Mr . Cobden till nest ireek . Th&t letter will be npon & branch of a subject -which the working classes appear thoroughly to understand ; * nd therefore the snbject will not suffer damage by the delay ; while that upon which I now write , is a whole question , and requires the instant and immediate consideration of all to whom it is adressed . It is addressed to the industrious of all plasses , whether they consist of those who work by inerr bands , or by their heads ; provided the produce
© f their labour eonfers a benefit npon socifiy at large ; equally applying to the poor man who supports himself bj his own labour as to him who eonfers an advantage upon the whole of society by a discovery , invention , or improvement in the advantages of which ail shonld be partakers . 1 wish to be minute upon these little points for the pwpose of refuting the charges of our opponents . They say Jhat our agitation is " arabble agitation "; that our object is the iissolntion of society , and the handing over of all things created to the uneivilizsd isle people . Upon jour part , I ntterly deny the charge . 1 assert that the working classes , if enfranchised , wosld be as jealous of any invasion npan the rights of others a 3 they would be of any unjust interference with their own .
There zre four sources to which the people of this wmatrj are t&nght to loofc for a redress of their lever&l gr ievances . FirsiJv—T » GovxB > - > iE > rr , that oughi to legislate for them . Secondly—To the Axn-Coss Lat » Lea&cx , ihsrt promises to right them by one act of legislation . Thirdly—To the Ajti-Leagcr , or landlord clas 3 , who promise protection under the existing laws . JLnd JFourihly—To th £ 1 iseltk 3 .
Firstly , then , as to Govebxhext . The incsstrions » f all classes have lon £ since discovered th » t * o long as property alons 13 represented , and labour , the source of ail property , is not represented , the Government of that country mu « t be a machine in the hand 3 of the wealthy , nsed exclusively for the purpose of extracting riches from the unenfranchised labourers . The Government of this country is , therefore , nothing more or less than the mere tool ef ihe exclusively enfranchised classes . Kay , more ; it does not even represent a majority of those dieses ; bnt , on the contrary , as the principle of
centralization increases , in a like proportion will the power of the most -wealthy of the several enfranchised classes operate upon the Government prej iiiciaily 10 the interest of even a largo majority of the enfranchised classes . Thns the Bank of England , being ihe * reat money tool in the lands of the Government , it is now proposed to sacrifice the interests of all country iankers , amounting to about 1 , 800 to the Leviathan jobber . Thai ' s the centralization of the power of Honey handed over in an almost individual ckaracttr to ihe Government . Then comes millions of . money
Tested in railroads , —the representative quality of which is centralized in the hands of a few directors and handed over in a corporate capacity to Government . J sm not now talking of the centralization of those powers keretofore used by preceding Governments ; I am merely spiakicg of those of more rtcent creation . The Government of this country is then a Government of eentralixition ; and from it the unenfranchised classes can have no hope of justice , because their power is individual , and not centralized . Different sections of libour and of industry have always been played the one against tie other by Government . The hi / her order ind best
remunerated of each trade , craft , or occupation has been even played ^ and successfully too , against those cf the same vocation . A etiiain amount of power Tests with th » s most fortunaie of the Metropolitan trades ; that power , although consisting of the will of the minority , is centralized however , and conititnies a strength in the hand 3 of Government capable of oppressing , of overawing , and of tyran-Tiin ' ng oyei the disorganized and nncombined . strength of the dissatisfied majority . The majority is an individual in ihts hands of a corporation-From the Government , then , as at present conitiiuitd , the people have nothing to . hope for .
Secondly , the A > "n-Coa ^ Law League , that promires to right the people by one act of legislation . Fiee Trade is the one act by which the manufacturers of this country propose to relieve all classes , society from the several grievances of which they complain . 1 shall shew yon that the very same objections that exist against the Government are also chargeable against the Ann-Cora Law League . The system of centralization ha 3 enabled the Government
to act independently of ihe will of the people , and has considerably augmented national distress ; and although , the Anti-Corn Law League has placed itself in antagonism to this Government of centralization , yet it is of the very same power of centralization , conferred by unchecked machinery and Joint Stock Banks upon the leviathan manufacturers , that a very large majority of their own order haa to complain . The power of production has become so centralised in the bands of a few wealthy
manufacturers , that cot only t&Te the labouring classes . become bound to their will , but every manufacturer . with snail capital and withont credit has bees or ' will be destroyed by this same pernicious system < . Of centralization . 1 If manufacturers hitherto have , under the restric- ; iious complained of , done so much mischief to the I nsall craft , in the hop and step made under the Hmkalion system , what , 1 wonld ask , must be the , i&ct of the jump to iinrestriction npon those ¦
parties ! "Under the operation of the existing ; Com Laws a very few wealthy capitalists or : trusted individuals have been enabled to centralize , Ihe wealth created by production . If then the pro-, posed impetus should be given to English manu- '; &c * ures musi it not follow , as a matter of course , j that damage must accrue to the small manufacturers ; j so that they staxd in precisely the same relation to ! ihe wealthy of their order that the dissatisfied
majonty of the trades stand in relation to the satisfied of iheir order . If the principle of centralization is ; d ^ 2 j » eroTi 5 and objectionable as regards Govern-. Keats , it must be equally so as regards classes . The AnI-Corn Law League are perfectly aware that ; Government centralization is too powerful for their j class centralization ; and yet wonld they much prefer a continuance of that enormous injustice to which they attribute every existing grievance to the ; d « : racrion of the power of Government , although that destruction wonld be followed by the accom-, pliihment of their darling object .
i ^ ow , it must follow as a matter of course tha ^ they expect , or rather the leaders of them , a great iraffit to flow from a Repeal of the Corn Laws ; and they tell us that the people -will be mos ; bens-£ ued by the change . Bui what opinion can we have of them , when we find them preferring a continuance of all iheir grievances , and a bad system of Government , to that change which mnst destroy the grievance , and remodel the Government « o as to prevent the possibility of its recurrence ? The day will yet come , and that speedily , when ihe eyes of tie really industrious of all classes will be opened ; u-d when the shopkeepers , the small manufacturers i £ d the whole of the trades will be astonished at their
i £ Eoranceupontbissubject ; sad when they will co-operate with the great body of the working classesfor the ittainment of the only Eure protection that can be extended to labour—the protection of self-represenkiion . As my letters to Mr . Cobden will be a complete treatise npon the subject , I shall abstain from Ktering into detail , further than to ray , that a k ^ e majority of the industrious of all classe * hare * ide * p their Minds that Jree Trade means nothing *« e or less thaa the centralisation of all the trade i * the country in the hands ef the xnoit successful " ^ culitors , who would be prepaid in the outset ** & large concerns and unlimited capital , to take *^ ntage of the first Etart . But from the Leagu e «* working classes have to apprehend difmaj , acd * # Srotectk-n .
Sftraly —Tb . e Asn-Lxien , or landlord class , to ptt . ffiife protection under the existing Jaw * tj &z fo the League I entertain the most uEqnali-^ fiWiupi , 1 ivd & ii ^ d vf sviiUvtt . pi . j fvi
their opponents . The League damns itself by falsehood , exaggeration , and folly ; and the Anti- League has choked itself with a plain and simple narrative of its intentions . The power of this body , like that of the Government and the League , is centralized in the hands of a few large landed proprietors ; and while the League promises considerable improvement in the condition of the labourer from Free Trade , the Anti-League merely promises that his condition shall be Bothiag worse than it is at pr « sent . Their policy is" Better bear the ills we have , Than fly to those ws know not ef : " t i _ j ffrt T ^ ^ . ^ f *^ ***
and they would sustain their position by impressing upon the minds of the working classes t he injustice and poverty which would follow Free Trade , recommending them to oppose the League in consequence of this anticipated increase of poverty ; while in the principle npon which their Association is founded they do not hold ont any better prospect of success to the labouring classes than merely that of thwarting the old enemy . The whole power of this new Association , which I now christen "The Reformed Feudalist Association , " is centralized in the Dukes of Richmond , Buckingham , and Cleveland , with a very . few unintelleetual clodpole peers bound to their will . The vassal serfs of these reformed feudalists amount to above on * hundred and six thousand , or nearly
one-seventh of the whole constituent body . Indeed 1 may say of one-fifth of the effective force ; because while we frequently find a large number of the borough electors and county independent voters remaining neutral at elections , we may calculate upon the appearance of every one of the Chandos vassal fencibleg on the day of election . The £ 50 tenant-at-will clause was introduced by the Marquis of Chandos , now Duke of Buckingham , into the Reform Bill , to ensure the preponderance of the agricultural interest : and out of 8 l' 8 , 21 € electors thefe are 106 , 736 Chandos serfs . That is , nearly oneseventh of the whole constituent body of England coisiats of tenants-at-will whose vote is as much the property of the landlord as the land itself is .
I think we may fairly presume then , that the object of the £ 50 tenants-at-will being , like that of the Free Traders , to buy in the cheapest market , that any attempt made even by the " Raformed Feudalist Association" to increase the price of the labour hired by their serfs , would be resisted by the serfs themselves , as it would materially affect their interests . Hence is there a total forgetfulness in the rnles of the new Association of the interests of the serf ' s serf . I have shewn you now , that the very source from which Representation springs is aa individual soarce . I have shewn you that one-fifth
of the effective votes of all England is at the disposal of landlords , who have created that description of franchise for the mere purpose of upholding their own ascendancy ; and I have shewn you that aDy promised advantage held out by the new Association to the labourers , would be followed by a mutiny of that crew who live by the plunder of the labourer . Sour , always bear this fact in view ; that allowing the two great interests of manufacture and agriculture to . be otherwise balanced , hers you have onefifth of the constituent body stepping in to ensure the ascendancy of the latter ; and that the whole of
the profit of that one-fifth consists exclusively of what it can filch from labour by purchasing it in an overstocked market . Well , is not that centralization ? and centralizatiom of the very worst description ; a centralization , which , backed by the hereditary legislators , must stand as an insurmountable obstacle between the League and Free Trade , and between the labourers and protection . Therefore have the people nothing whatever to expect from the Reformed Feudal Association f and therefore did they , with great prudence and wisdom , crack the egg before the chicken was hatched .
Fourthly . To themselvis . If then the people have nothing to expect from Government , from the " plague , " or the " feudalists , " it is clear that they must bestir themselves—that they must unite , combine , and CENTRALISE the popular force from whence , aad from whence alone , a pure system of Representation can poBaibly fiow . I am the more particular in recording these facts now , in conseqnence of the powerful attempts being made to place the centralized power of Government in the handB of the Whigs ; the centralized power of
commerce m the kands of a reduced number of speculators ; and to unite the centralized power of both against the disorganized and uncombined force of pnblie opinion . The Tories , the Whigs , the Anti-Corn Law League , the " Reformed Feudal Association , " and the Irish patronage hunters , are all equally opposed to the principle of popular representation : and foT the very best reason in the world ; because popular representation would destroy their various " ¦ trades . " It is therefore the duty of th © people and their friends to contend more vigorously than ever for popular representation .
" To be forewarned is to be fore-armed ; " and I jow forewarn yon that a most desperate attempt will be once more made to create dissention , division , and disunion , between the English and the Irish working classes , with theviewof restoring the Whigs to power . Hay more ; an attempt will be made to give a religious colour to the new agitation ; and you , the English woiking classes , who love your Irish -Catholic countrymen finally as welljas your Protestant neighbours , and you who contend for the principle of free religion , will , ere long be denonneed as the enemies of Catholic Ireland . It
matters not to those who will thus try to enlist new prejudices for the attainment of new patronage , that they know the charge to be false . " The end will justify the mean ?; " and I now tell you that all means , and every means , will be resorted to , to effect-ibe desired object . I told you long ago , that if 1843 T * as not the Repeal year , 1844 would be the Cnartist year . >' ot , mayhap , the year in which the Charter would be carried ; but the year in which its not far distant success would be made certain , From Mr . O'Conneli ' s defence , and his several letters written to the Rt-peal Association during his stay
in England , yoa will have learned that the " vshappy cemus of chaktibm" is the one vision that eternally haunts him . The object of his defence and of those letters is to recommend himself to the middle-class plunderers ; to the weak-minded and superstitions , by convincing them that he , and he only , can grapple with the growing monster . Be prepared then for this " weak invention of the eLtmy . " Ii tland and the Irish will be with you in spite of all conspiracies to separate you , provided you win their hearts by winning their minds . Tell ihem that , as Enlishmen , yon are
for guaranteeing to Ireland a Parliament of her owd , chosen by her own Catholic people . Tell them that you are not for such a Parliament , such a " municipal" Parliament of Irish land and church jobbers , as Mr . O'Connell proclaimed himself in favour of at Birmingham . Tell them that you consider a Catholic to the full as good as a Protestant ; and thai you are against the paymeat of all compulsory support to any church . Tell them that a repeal of the corn laws , unleS 3 the franchise wa 3 transferred from the land to the man , would depopulate their country , and drive their
countrymen and wonim t « seek refuge in foreign landSj against the rapacity of landlords and church lords . Tell thett tk-ftt juitice to Ireland must be accomplished at « ne and the same moment m justioe to England ; and that j ©« wonld consider your whole rights too dearly pnr « ha * ed at the price whieh demanded the slightest distinction between an English Protestant and ax Iriah Catholic . I know my countrymen . I lova them even for their oter confidence . They have been long oppressed by the rulers of your nation ; and while Mr . O'Connell affects Eorrow for former denunciation of the
Enghzh people , he has bow the meanness to represent J . e "WUtoppfeiUvU iii . iiiv Hwuao cf Ccfiimous ks
the English People , while he confines his denunciations to the English Chartists , representing THEM as the enemies of Ireland . Confidence , however , in my own countrymen tcllp me that the veil has been lifted—that Irishmen are beginning to see for themselves ; and when UDJust prejudices are removed they will tee in the English working classes the only body that contends honestly , fairly , and boldly for the principles fer which they contend ; while thoy -will find Mr . O'Connell associating with the very men , who . as legislators , are pledged to resist Repeal to the death , and with
the very class who never mention tho word , except in derision , until they thought they could uea it as a charm to catch the minds of Irishmen , and the chief of which class has denounced Irishmen as lousy , dirty , and immoral . Put these questions to Irishmen : Will the Tories vote for Repeal ? Will the Whigs vote for Repeal , any moTe than the Tories ? Will the Corn Law League vote for Repeal , any more > han the English aristocracy 1 And would not nine hundred and ninety-nine out of every
thousand English Chartists vote for a Repeal of the L ' nion , and the destruction of tho Irish State Churchi to-morrow » And then atk them how it is that the Champion of Repeal denounces the only force that ia in favour of the measure , while , during his sojourn in England , he has softened Repeal once more into " Justice for Ireland , " and has condescended to ask leave of the Saxon Parliament to bring in a bill to incorporate the Irish Catholic clergy as a kind of bequest society !
Believe me , my Friendp , Irishmen are beginning to Bee through th « darkness of the long night of oppression , through the veil of prejudice , the mist of faction , and the gloom of ignorance ; and , as sure as an allwise God ruleB over the destinies of nations , as surely will my countrymen be convinced of your sincerity , if you "i / ly find the way to their hearts , which is through their generous minds . I remain , Your faithful and devoted Friend , Feabgus O'Connor .
P . S . —I am afraid the Duke of Buckingham and my old Tory paymasters , will now publish the amount of monies paid to me for opposing the League , as a set off against the publication of the Rev . Mr . Mantz's treason , written from his " . ' own residence . " O , what a fine thing it is for a poor man , working for the poor , to be able to say I defy you all . y f . or .
Rochdale.—" Complete'routing Of The Shot-Hots At Rochdale.—Our Readers Will Remembur The Repnrt Of A Meeting Held A Short Time Since At Rochdale, Called By The Juvenile Bright And Co., For The Pnrpose Of Forming A Complete Suffrage Union, At ¦Which Meetirg Thanks Were Givfcn To That Clevel And Indefatisable Advjeate Of Chartism, Mr. Kydd, And The Sfioy-Hova Were "Completely" Upget Chagrined At Their Defeat, And Anxious For Victory, The Town Was Again Placarded With Large Bills Contaiuing An Attack On The Whole Chartist Body, Designating Them "National Disturbers," And Calling On Every True Lover Of Freedom To Attend At The Same Place On Thursday Lost, And Rally Reund Complete Suffrage. Long Before The Hour El Meeting The 100m Was Crowded To Suff^Catior;. Faetion Bad Summoned Its Every Man; One Bright Gentleman
Rochdale . — " complete ' routing of the Shot-Hots at Rochdale . —Our readers will remembur the repnrt of a meeting held a short time since at Rochdale , called by the juvenile Bright and Co ., for the pnrpose of forming a Complete Suffrage Union , at ¦ which meetirg thanks were givfcn to that clevel and indefatisable advjeate of Chartism , Mr . Kydd , and the Sfioy-Hova were " completely" upget Chagrined at their defeat , and anxious for victory , the town was again placarded with large bills contaiuing an attack on the whole Chartist body , designating them " National Disturbers , " and calling on every true lover of freedom to attend at the same place on Thursday lost , and rally reund Complete Suffrage . Long before the hour el meeting the 100 m was crowded to suff ^ catior ; . Faetion bad summoned its every man ; one Bright gentleman
giving his bands liberty to cease work at seven 0 clock that they aight attend in good time . Mr . Ashworta was again called to the chair . He prefaced the business with a speech laudatory of Messrs . Sturge , Spencer , Crawford , and Co ., and denunciatory of the proceedings of the Cbartista . When he concluded , Mr , Kydd jose and was greeted with applause : be proceeded to review the chairman ' s speech , and said , Chartism is linked with everything great and good : it has lived in the midst of persecution and will triumph over faction ; Complete Suffrage is the child of hypocrisy , breathes but to die illegitimate and disowned . Mr . Kydd made a manly defence of the Chartist body , and moved the following resolution : That in our opinion the placard call ' mg this meeting for the formation of a Complete Suffrage Buion is a slanderous and uncalled for of the
attack on the conduct of the majority public meeting held in the Temperance Boom on the 22 nd ult ., the Completes themselves being on that occasion the disturbers , and as such are worthy of our unqualified censure . " Mr . Mills seconded the resolution in a Bhort bat admirable speech . The Chairman at first showed an unwillingness lo put it , but Mr . Kydd was resolute . The Chairman finding humbug no go , put tbe resolution , and a forest of hands supperted it . A scow of hands was taken against it , butalas for the " best laid schemes of miee and men , " not moie than a fourth of the meeting opposed tbe xesolntion . The bwlnew » hortly after conclnded . Tbe Complete men , exasperated at convening a meeting to censure themselves , gaTe tent to their feelings by bining , booting , aad yelliBg at Mr . Kydd : that gentleman good hwno « redly remarking ' There are the intellectuals I "
ASHTON . TTNDBR-XiYNB : —On Su » day evening last Mr . C . Doyle , from Manchester , lectoed in the Chartist Boom , Bentick-street , to a respectable audience At the eondDBion of the lecture a vote of thanks woa given to Mr . Doyle . Cotextbt District . —At a meeting of the District Council on Sunday last , it was resolved that a special meeting of the Council should be held on iiio 31 st instant , to consider the propriety of sending ^ a Ueltw ^ c to ; kc icrihceaiins CoaYentioa .
OLDHAIYI . — On Sunday last , Mr . Samuel Wild , of Rochdale , lectured iu tbe Chartist Boom , Greavesstreet At a meeting of the members of the National Charter Association , on Monday evening last , it was unanimously agreed " That Mr . Samuel Yard ley and Mr . F . A . Taylor ko put in nomination as fit and proper persons to represent the Chartists of this town in tbe fbribcorning Convention , to be held in Manchester on tbe 15 th of Aprilj next . "— " That a public meeting be held in tbe Chartist Room , Qreave ' s-street , on Monday , April 1 st , 1844 , for the purpose of electing two efficient persons as delegates to the above Convention . " On Tuesdat evening , a general meeting of tbe shareholders of the Working Men ' s Hall Association took place in the above room , when the following resolution was passed by a majority : — " That the directors advertise for estimates , and let the work connected with the building as early &s possible . "
MANCHESTER Carpenter ' s -Hall .- —It having been announced by placard that Mr . James Leaoh would deliver a lecture in the abeve ball on Sunday evening last , in which he would comment upon the gross inconsistencies of the League agitators , the spacious : building was densely crowded . The proceedings commenced with singing a Chartist hymn . Tho article entitled " . tho League defied" was then read from the Northern £ >( ar and was listened to with great attention by the audience , who at the conclusion manifested their approbation by repeated cheers . When order was restored , the chairman introduced Mr . Leach , who on coming forward was greeted with a cordial welcome . Mr . Leach , after expressing his gratitude
for bo many proofs of the estimation in which he was held by his Manchester friends , said he should take as his , subject the expression made use of by Cobden at a recent meeting of the Leaguers . That gentleman , seeing the police vory active iu ejecting persons who ventured to express their dissent from Free Trade fallacies , cried out at the top of his voice — " feel in their pockets . " Now , said Mr . Leach , there is a great deal of meaning in the words of Cobden ; and he and his colleagues have carried on the system to sucty an extent , that they cannot forget the propensity even at their ticket meetings . If a poor weaver happen to overlay himself in a morning , so as not to be at the mill when the bell announces tbe hour for commencing another day of toil , the
principle of "feel in his pockets" is fully developed , and threepence or sixpence , or « n some instances a shilling is deducted from his earnings . If the manufacturers , especially that portion of them who are identified with the League agitation , think proper to give a sum of money for what they term charitable purposes , "feel in their pockets" is the order of the day ; and a reduction of wages is sure to follow . Mr . Leaoh went on in this strain tor upwards of an hour , amidst roars of laughter : and after declaring his entire approval of the conduct of the London Chartists in opposition to both
Leaguers and Anti-Leaguers , eat down loudly applauded . The Chairman then vacated the chair , and Mr . John Sutton w&a unanimously called thereto . " Great God , is this the patriot's doom , " was sung , and a statement of the sufferings of Joseph Linney , in the Milibank Penitentiary , was read from the Star . A memorial to Sir James Graham was afterwards moved by Mr . John Nuttall , seconded by Mr . Edward Clarke , and unanimously adopted by , tho meeting . A resolution was passed that the chairman should sign the memorial , and transmit it to Mr . T . S . Duncombe for presentation to Sir James Graham , and the meeting broke up .
Bradford . —On Sunday last the M'Douall Committee met in the large room , Butterworth Buildings . Delegates were present from Great Horton , Little Horton , Manningham , and Central Locality . Mr . Clarke was ill the chair . The following resolutions were unanimously agreed to : — " That this Committee do visit each locality in turn , and use their utmost exertions to invite all Chartists to organise in one band of brotherhood . " "That we respectfully request each locality to send a delegate to act as a Committee , and thus aid in reorganising the district . " " That we meet next Sunday ( tomorrow ) , iu Manningham , at two o'clock in the afternoon . "
Bradford Universal Regeneration Society . — This body opened a large room on Sunday last , at Stott Hill ; a great number of the members were present , and tho greatest unanimity prevailed . After E : zler ' s publications had changed hands , it was resolred " That the Society meet in future twice a week , once on Sunday ( tomorrow ) , at six o ' clock iu the evening , and ones on Wednesday , at eight o'clock in the evening , for the purpose of enrolment of members , and receiving contribution ! . " Arnold . —At a delegate meeting , held at the Flying Horso Inn , on Sunday last , at two o ' clock , for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of sending a delegate to the forthcoming Convention , the following delegates were present : — Mr . Emmerson , Arnold ; Mr . Widdowson , Carrington ; Mr . Sitnkin , Basford ; Mr . Norman , Radford ; Mr . Swinfield , Calverton ; Mr . Woodcock , Lainbley . Mr . Emmerson was called to tbe chair , and Mr .
Norman acted as Secretary . It was determined that this district send one delegate to the forthcoming Convention . The following persons were then put in nomination : —Mr . James Sweet , and Mr . George Harrison . Other localities are requested to send in their Bominationo to the Secretary of the district , Mr . W . Norman , North-street , Bottom Buildings , Radford . It w » b also resolved , that Arnold was the most proper place for the eleotion to take place ; and that a poblio meeting ot the distriot should be called to take place on Easter Monday , at four o ' clock . It was further resolved that fourpence per member be levied to defray the delegates expences to Manchester , and that each locality be requested to pay in their equal quota at the time of election ; auJ that a County District Council should be formed , the iirst meeting of whioh should be at , the New Inn , Carrington , or the first Sunday iu April , at two o'clock in the afternoon .
Liverpool . —A district meeting of delegates of the Liverpool division of South Lancashire was held at Liverpool on Sanday the 10 th inst . Mr . M'Eenne was appointed to' the chair . Letters were read from several places , and after some discussion the following resolutions were passed : — " That a notice be seat to the Northern Star requesting those who may be willing to act as local lecturers to send in their names to the Secretary , and that the friends in the various localities be requested Ho Bend the names of such persons as they may consider likely to be useful in this way . " "That a levy of one penny ., per member be paid monthly by each of the localities towards the district expenditure . " " That Mr . H . Jones be deputed to represent this division in tho forthcoming Conference at Wigan . " " That Mr . H . Jones be the Secretary of the District of Liverpool . " " That the meeting adjourn till the 14 th i of April . The next meetvng to take place at Prescott .
Todmokdkn—Mr . Kidd , of Glasgow , delivered a lecture here ou Monday night last , proving the Cora Law to be a just law under present circumstances ; and " buying in the cheapest and selling in the dearest marKei , '' to be pure despotism , not freedom . Ho showed protection to be a sound principJe 1 unresiffewd competition a bad one . When the beilman went round with the announcement , no little excitement was created ; the free traders oxclaiming , " that is impo 3 sible , Liio one cau do that . Ho is some Tory tool . " But , tool or no tool , they dared not to oppose him . They have had enough of discussion in Todmorden . Indeed , we may say , the free traders are all but dead here ; the leading men , by reducing the wages of their operatives , have disgusted the people . Mr . Kidd gave general satisfaction , and the people are more determined than ever to oppose the robbing Leaguers .
Emmett Brigade . —A letter ! was read from Mr . Patrick O'Higgins , at the meeting held on Sunday evening last . Mr . O'H . is willing to serve on the forthcoming Convention , if electrd . On the motion of Mr . Rose , Mr . O'Higgi&s' name was enrolled on the list of the Brigade . Soutu London Chartist Hall , Blackfriarsroad . —On Sunday evening lasjt , Mr . P . M'Grath delivered a most argumentative and eloquent lecture on the People ' s Charter , showing its superiority over every other measure . He was greatly applauded during ita delivery . At tho olose Messrs . Dalrymple and Cowan , on the part of the League , and Mr . Williams , on the part of the Anti-League , took up the argumentative cudgels . Mr . M'Gratb delivered a most convincing reply to the whole . After which eight persons took out their cards as members of tho National Charter Association .
South Lancashire Delegate Meeting . —The delegates of the Manchester district of South Lancashire held their usual monthly meeting , on last Sunday , in Mr . Murray ' s room , adjoining the Carpenters' Hall , Mr . Greenhalgh , of Oldham , in tho ehair . There was a more numerous attendance than usual . Chartism is " going a-head considerably" in this distriot . The following places were represented —Manchester locality , Carpenters' Hall , Messrs . J . and 11 . Nuttall , and E . Wfaitaker ; Chartist painters , Mr . C . Taylor ; Salford , Mr . Miller ; Oldbam , R . Greenhalgh ; Rochdale , C . Radchff ; Mosley , Wm . Scolefidd ; Ileywood , G . Mernen ; Hollinwood , K . Clough . Tho minutes of the previous meeting being read , and with some alterations confirmed , an animated discussion took place as to the best means of securing a good representation [ at the forthcoming Convention , when it was agreed that the delegates
should bring the Bubject immediately before their constituents , and state their decisions on it at the County Conference , to be held at Wigan , on the 31 st of this month . It was also agreed that a more efficient plan of local lecturing should be prepared , and a committee was appointed for that purpose , consisting of Messrs . J . Nuttal , Lane , and Miller . The sub-secretary of those localities , desirous of going on tbe new Flan , are required to send tho necessary information on this subject immediately to the District Secretary , J . Lane , Hewit ' s Court , George Leigh-street , Manchester . Th © delegates , after pledging themselves to rouse their respective localities , that they may join ] in their tributary tbousauds to swell the great gathering which is to take place in Manchester , on Good Friday , to do honour to the distinguished patriots Duncombe , and O'Connor , separated .
London—The members of the South London locality are requested to moefc on Sunday next , March 17 th , at ten o'clock in the morning . Lambeth and SouTHWARK—Mr . J . Mee will deliver a lecture in the South London Chartist Hall , on Sunday evening next , March 17 th , at seven precisely . The Shareholders of the South London Chartist Hall are requested to meet on Sunday next , March 17 th , at three o ' clock in the afternoon . Walwobth—A public meeting will be held at the Hose and Crown , Corner of Beresford-street , Walworth-road , on Tuesday evening aext , March 17 th , at half-past seven precisely . Towea Hamlets—Mr . Davoolwill deliver a lecture at the Working Man ' s Hall , Mile End , Road , oa Sunday evening next , Match 17 th , at seven precisely .
Westminster—Mr . Gardener 'will deliver an address in the Golden Lion Tavern , Deau-street , Soho , on Sunday evening next , March 17 th , at halfpast seven precisely . : Hammersmith—Mr . Ruffy Ridley will deliver an address to the United Patriots' Benefit Society , at the Black Bull Inn , Hammersmith-road , ou Monday evening next , March 18 th , at half-past seven precisely . Maryle » onb—Mr . P . M'Grath will deliver a lecture at the Mechanics' Institute , Circus-street , en Sunday evening next , March 17 th , at half-past seven precisely . i Someus Town—Mr . Skelton will lecture at the Bricklayers' Arms , Tunbridge-street , Cromer-street , on Sunday evening next , March 17 th , at halt-past seven precisely .
New Road . —A meeting of the Emmott Brigade , will be holden oa Sunday evening tho 17 th inst ., at the Bricklayer ' s Arms , Homer-street . Hammersmith . —A meeting will be holden at the Black Bull Inn , Hammersmith ! road , on Tuesday evening next , at half-past seven precisely . Bolton . —A Pulton friend will deliver a lecture on Sunday next , at six o ' clock | in the evening , iu tho Chartist Association Room . . The Chartists of Leigh , West Houghion , and the surrouuding districts , are respectfully informed that a District Delegate meeting will ! be held oa Sunday next , the 17 th day of March , in Well street Sunday School , Tyldsley Banku , at tea o ' clock in the
forenoon . Ashton under-Ltne . —Mr . Daniol Donovan , from Manchester , will lecture in the Chartist Association Room , Bentick-street , on Sunday evening next , at six o ' clock . J Ro « hdale . —Mr . Bell , of Heywood , will lecture in the Chartist Association Room , on Sunday next , the 17 th March , at two o ' clock in the afternoon . Mr . H&igh will lecture in the eveuing . Selston . —It ia requested that the members of the Selaton Charter Association will meet on Sunday , March 24 th , to pay up iheir arrears , and take out their cards of membership . All communications must bo addressed to Nathaniel ; Waplington , Summercoates , near Alfreton , Derbyshire . Hollinwood . —Mr . Wm . Miller of Oldham , will deliver a lecture on Phrenology , in the Chartist Room , Pew Nook , on Sunday , ( to-morrow ) , at &ix o ' clock .
Mr . Dorman ' s Route for next week : —Sunday , 17 , at Hanley , at halt-past six ; o'clock ; Monday , 18 , at Longlon ; Tuesday , 19 , at Hanley ; Wednesday , 20 , at Tunstall ; and oa Thursday , 21 , at Hanley . ¦ South Shields . —Tho membera of the Charfist association of this town , will meetjon Sunday evening , the 24 th inat , at Six o ' clock , in their room , Tyae Dock Tavern , Long Row . ! Bromsgrove . —Mr . Henry Crouch of Kidderminster , will address a meeting in the large room of the George Inn , Bromsgrove , on . Sunday evening next , at seven o ' clock . ¦ Liverpool . —A meeting of the members of the National Chattist Association , will lake place on Sunday evening next , at seven o ' clock , at Mr . Goodftllow's , 27 , Tarlton-street .
Salford . —The Chartists of Salford , having taken a large and commodious room , capable of holding about 800 people , in Great George ' s-street , near to their old room , entranco near to St . Phillip ' s Church , Mr . James Leaeh will deliver a jcourae of three lectures , the first oa Sunday next , at half-past six o'clock in the evening . Bury . —Mr . Christopher Doyle , of Manchester , will deliver two lectures in j the Garden-street Lecture Room , on Sunday next . Huddirsfield . —Mr . John West will deliver two lectures in the Hall of Science , on Sanday ( tomorrow ) ; in the afternoon , at half-past two o ' clock , and in the evening , at half-past six .
Mb , West will lecture in Almondbury , on Monday evening next , March 18 th ; on Tuesday , the 19 th , at Brighouee ; on Wednesday , the 2 i > ih , at Berry Brow ; on Thursday , the 21 at , at Lockwood ; and on Friday , the 22 nd , at Holmfirth ,
Bradford . —On Smiday next the M'Doual Committpp , will meet in ManniDgham , at two o'clock , in he Chartist newsroom . The Chartists of Little Horton , will meet in the sr-bool room , Park Place , at ten o ' clock on Sunday morning . The Chartists of Bowling will meet in their room , on Sunday morning , at ten o'clock , and at two in the afternoon . The Chartists of New Leeds , will meet in their room , on Sunday morning , at ten o ' clock . The Chartists of the Central Society , will meet ia JM Council room , on Sunday morning , at tea o ' cloek .
Oldhaji . —On Sunday , to-morrow , a discussion will take place in the Chartist rooai , Greaves street . Subject—What will be the best means for the people to pursne to wrest political power from the present aristocracy , and place the labouring classes on an equality with them ? To commence at six o ' clock ia the evening . Mr . Leach , of Manchester , will lecture in the same room , on Monday evening , at eight o clock , when a charge of one penny will be made towards defraying the expence of sending two delegates , to the Convention . Old Basford . —Mr . Pepper will address the people of Basford on Sunday ( to-raorrow ) , in the large room of tho Fox and Houads , at six o'clock ; after which an association will be formed , and business of importance transacted .
Birmingham . —A grand concert and ball will be held at the Mechanics' Institute , Newhall-street , on Monday evening , Aoril 1 st , at seven o'clock , in aid of the Convention Fund ; tickets 6 d . each . A public meeting will be held in the previous part of the same day , to elect delegates to the forthcoaimer Convention in conjunction with Worcestershire . Mr . G . White will address a meeting at the Chartisi Hall , Pecklane , on his return from the delegate meeting oa Sunday n xt . Bromsgrove —Mr . Henry Cronch of Kidderminster , will address the Chartists of Bromsgrove , ia the large room of the George Inn , at seven o ' clock next Snnday evening .
Worcestershire . —A delegate meeting will be held at the George Inn , Bromsgrove , on Sunday next , at twelve o ' clock . The various towns in Worcestershire are requested to send delegates to make arrangements for the forthcoming Convention . South Lancashire . —A general meeting of delegates from the various Chartist localities of- South . Lancashire , will take place in Wigan , on Sunday , March 31 st , at ten o'clock in the forenoon . It will bo holden in the Chartist Association Room , bottom of Millg&te . It is expected that Manchester , Bolton , Tyldsby Banks , Chowbent , Leigh , West-Houghton , and other places iu the district will be represented . Patrick Bradley , sub-Secretary .
Walsall . —A delegate meeting wiJl take place at Walsall , on Sunday next , at two o ' clook in the afternoon , at Mr . Griffith's , Lamp Tavern , Staffordstreet . ^ Halifax . —Mr . A . Hanson will lecture here oa Sunday ( to-morrow ) , at &ix o ' clock in the evening . Nottingham—Mr . Harrison will preach in the Democratic Coapel , on Sunday ( to-morrow ) evening , at six o ' clock . On Sunday evening , March 24 th , Mr . Dorman will preach in the above place , and give an account of bis labours in Staffordshire . The members of the Byron Ward Locality are requested to attend on Monday evening , at eight o ' clock , oa business of importance .
TO THE , UNENFRANCHISED PEOPLE OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND . My Friends—On five different occasions , since the commencement of tho Parliamentary session , I moved amendments on the Supplies , asserting the constitutional principle , " that you ought not to be taxed without being represented . " What was the result ! 1 divided the House with decliaiug minorities each time . I begun with twenty-nine English members , which , on the fifth division , was reduced to eight , and of these eight members only five had voted -in all the divisions . My wish would have been to have made an effective stand on the items of the Army Estimates ; but in communicating with these five members who had steadily voted with me I found their opinion was that thepublic voice had not sufficiently sanctioned Che proceeding to warrant the making use of the forms of the House to assert a determined resistance against so great a majority .
I could not then take on myself the responsibility of carrying on a contest to which I had no pledge of even the smallest support , especially when I found that some members who had been long considered aa pre-eminently representing popular opinion , and others elected by popular constituencies , were either avowedly hostile , or by repudiating the principle of the movement I contended for , gave what may be called only a damaging support ; but perhaps the greatest evil of all was the disunion among the people manifested at two public meetings in London . Such a system of action as that which I proposed could only be sustained by the energetic and united impulse of the public mind , manifested in every way by meetings and petitions in which that mind could be declared , supporting your honest representatives and dragging on the wavering ones in their efforts for your service ; but if the people be . disunited or inactive , their friends are paralyzed—their enemies triumph .
The voice that attempts to advocate the people's rights in the present House of Commons , must fall iu dead and pointless accents , unless it be the emanation of public enthusiasm . 1 am perfectly satisfied that a power exists in a small minority , zealous and determined to act together , supported and stimulated by the energies of the people out of doors , to force any Government to redress the people ' s wrongs , or else to drive the government which refuses to do so from the helm of the state . The pow « r of the engine I attempted to raise into actiou has not been dispated or denied by . any one . Union and energy alone are wanted on the part of the people to put their shoulders to the wheel . Although most honourable eiforts have been made in some localities to give me an effective support , the great mass of the nonrepresented have made no move . I am satisfied , also , that till such a move be made any attempt to stem the power of class-legislation is futile .
The Navy and Army Estimates having been voted with , I believe I may say , unprecedented rapidity , it appears that any movement on tbe part of the people is now too late for thi $ session . After these Supplies have been voted , and the power of coercing the nation by military force thus established , any contest on the succeeding Estimates is not worthy of consideration . In the mean time I have placecUm record , ia various forms , the principle I cont |( K for . I have charged the present House of Commons , on the part of the people , in the words of the petitions which that House has received and laid on its table , that they are not entitled to the
appellation of representatives of the people , and that , therefore , they have not a constitutional authority to tax or mako laws for the people . I say a constitutional authority , because they possess an authority by the existing laws under which they are eleoted , which must bo submitted to till these laws can be changed , and this change must not be attempted by violence—every such attempt must fail , * and for this reason I have desired to bring into action the power of the constitution , and in my judgment any beneficial change can only be effected by such an impulse and such a course of proceeding as I have contended for .
I tru .-t , my friends , you will consider that I have carried tho advocacy of your rigft ' . s to the utmost extent of tho powers I possessed ; and permit me to conclude with the following extract from the report of the words-1 used in my observations to the House on the' last debate on this question : — " He entered a solemn protest against the competency of the House to -make laws or impose taxes , so long as the great body of the people were unrepresented : h » wished it to be understood , too , that he held himself
perfectly and entirely free , whenever the public voioe might justify such a proceeding , to take every opportunity which the forms of the House might allow to stop the voting of the supplies , and to interrupt them in giving away the monies of the people who had no voice in that assembly . " — ( Times . ) Svsch were the sentiments I expressed ia the House , and which I now declare to you . Your faithful Servant , Wm . Sherman Cbawfobd . London , March 9 , 1844 .
The Leading Journal Of Ireland. Enlargement Of The World Newspaper..
THE LEADING JOURNAL OF IRELAND . ENLARGEMENT OF THE WORLD NEWSPAPER . .
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CAPrcRE of "David the Tinker , " fob the Newport Outbreak . —A correspondent at Merthyr Tidvil , writes as follows : — " In a late number of th «> Star appeared a letter from John Rees , alias , " Jack the Fifer , " making inquiriea . for David Jones , the Tinker . Poor David was taken into custody at Merthyr Tydvil , last Monday , in a . public house , it being his second appearance in public . He had , however , been working ia the coal work for fourteen months last past ; but be kept himself very close , scarcely ever venturing out , only from the house to the work . There was £ 50 for hiB apprehension . He was to undergo an examination before the magistrates on Wednesday . It was expected that he would be seat to Monmouth to take his trial . The result of his examination shall be reported next week .
Fancy Sketch op an Editor bt the Editor s Self . — " The lady who thinks the term Mr . Editor , ' too oold a one to be employed when she addresses a man ' who devoteB his time , talents , and energy to the mitigation of suffering poverty , ' and who would like to have the chance of ' imprinting a kiss on the Iip 9 of &uch an individual , ' is informed that the Editor is a remarkably ugJy personage . However captivating his language , or engaging his manners , his looks are withering . "— Weekly Dispatch . Too Bad I- —A boy was complaining against his brother for taking half the ted . " And why not !" asked the mother , " he is entitled to half , isn't he !" " Yes , mother , " said the boy ; " but how should yoa like to have him take out all the soft for his half 1 He will have his half right out of the middle , and I hare to slee p both sides of him .
To All "Vvho Lite Tpok The Fruits Of Theih Ows Industry.
TO ALL " vVHO LITE TPOK THE FRUITS OF THEIH OWS INDUSTRY .
j 70 L- Vn ^ O- 331 . SATUllDAY ^ MARCH 16 , 18447 ^ Sg j ^ SST " ' \
\ i ^ P ^§^ ir jfTiik jL- ^ i jC ^^ sA - 1 ¦ AND LEEDS GENERAL ADYEETISER .
Northern Star (1837-1852), March 16, 1844, page unpag, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1256/page/1/