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" €tj* Condition of <£nglai&> feumion." 4 Ls-^s grind the poor, and rich ai&n rale tha law."
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" €Tj* Condition Of ≪£Nglai&≫ Feumion." 4 Ls-^S Grind The Poor, And Rich Ai&N Rale Tha Law."
" € tj * Condition of < £ nglai& > feumion . " 4 Ls- ^ s grind the poor , and rich ai&n rale tha law . "
CONDITION OF . TBE PEASANTRY . Trcm & pamphlet recenGy published , addressed to Lord Ashley , by the Hon . and Rav . S . G . Osbome , we take the following account of the state of the labouring population in the great agricultural county of Dors&tT" And first as to the amount of -what is called pauperism , for -which we have ¦ unhappily become notozioas ; I allege , -with little fear of contradiction , that & Tery large proportion of the population of this union , socethinf between & Bevenih and sn eighth , are in Trhit is ealled a state of pauperism , i . e . in such a ooECitlon that the -whole or a part of tie means of their support most be drawn from the poor-rate .
' It tw not , I believe , be denied , that reartfcly one agricultural labourer in ten can earn sufficient to enable lliin by any amount of care to ketp himself prepared against Q&s common casualties of life . A few days SIhess , or any accident that mBy mate medical assistance r&cessary , at once forces him toask for s medical order ; ' is he incapacitated from wcri , he at once applies to theielieTing officer , receives temporary assistance ' in kind , * has his case repcited at ihe next baud / and if be has a family dependent on him , an amoa&r of relief is ordered him daring sickness , oftentimes more than equal to the value of his earnings in health . If he dies he is buried at the expense of the lale-psyers , his widow and children will be Bnpported
by them ; when from old age or any irJirmiry be becomes enable to work , be is either boused , clothed , snd is 1 in the nnion-bense , er allowed a pension for life out of it . In masy instances able-bodied men of good character are forced to apply ior aid from the onacn , rren -when in good health and regular work ; their plea , Insnficient earnings to support their fann . iT , " if the family is large , —1 have never seen the justice of this plea questioned ; on ibe-contrary , I have iesrd many members of the board declare , that they kno-w a mm with a liartl family csncot support -them on the wages paid in this county without aid . The only s : d ve can legally effer in sccfe a case is an offer of the houaa' for the whole family . To say nothing of lie crmelty to the said family of such a
proceeding , tins would entail an expense upon the rate-payers cf nearly £ 1 per week ! Wtiit is to be done ? We endeavour to discover a ehUd-sie ^ amongst the lot , or the relieving officer affirms that the wife is & weakly wcssi . ( a safe affirmation in too masT cases ]; we give Is . Si perhaps , and a few loaves , f ! Atering ourselves tre are sanctioned by the law in so coinc The pauper gains nis object , tbs master gains hi * the parish avoids the threatened expence , and the Board do what they krow Is- contrary to the spirit of the Poor Law Act , it give relief in aid of wages ; could we do otherwise , and r ; c . set with a severity the c&oe did not deserve ?
Hid yon , I think I bear it said , adhered to your offer of the hoase , the farmer would have rairsd Ma wages : he Tretud have done no tuch thing . Raise one , they say , aui you must raise all ; no , the man I know in some instances -w-. nld have been bribed bj some petty sum paid cvt ef a private rate to stay out of the bouse , or , if rot sufficiently afraid himself of going into it he ^ rould havs been threatened with tha loss of bis work in the par ish , and perhaps of his cottage and garden . Such things have been . I know no casualty affecting the fccsltn , life , Gr power of earning bis bread , nor any sSxting the members of a labourer ' s family , that has 3 Dt to be met out of the poor rate * . "
Mr- Oiborne also givera table , showing , that in the carter ending Lady-day , 1842 , in a populotion of lCr . Sr * , the number of persons relieved ia Dorsetshire by th ? Guardians was 21 , 395 ; ana that in the Michael-3 M 3 quarter of 1843 , in a population of 168 / 018 ( the ¦ whole at Dorsetshire ) , the number relieved from the rates -c-as 19 , 821 , being one-ejgfc ^ h of tire population . Ani 1 c adds , were it not for the (? : fferenee *« aused by the greater number of persons afcore the condition of patpeiB in the towns of Weymoutb , Poole , and Dorciester , the number relieved from the rates over the wbclf county would appear as oue-stventh . The ame gentleman baa addressed the following
SO HIS GBACE THE DTTKS OP 3 UCHM 0 SD . Ky l . atd Duke , — -Year Grace , as the head-of a society fBrsud for the protection of the agricultural interest , trill , doubtless , feel grateful for any information which may assist yon in arriving at a knowledge of the real eociltion cf by far tie most nnmeroes and important eJass connected -with that interest A : z meeting lately held in London a deputation of landowners and tenant-farmers waited upon you , and of coarse did all in their power to apprise you of the j dsxieis that threaten and the difficulties that now beset : them ; but 1 do not find that asy one at that meeting
appeared to represent the agricultural labourer . The CBEsllt'ation of the society of wbieh you are president , and vLich society , it appears , is to act as-the council for an wther societies of a similar nature in the provinces , seems to xie to invite your attention to-every subject directly connected with tie -welfare of all who lire cfcitfiy by the cultivation ol the soil . Your Grace ViD , of course , feel it your duty to give your own and to direct the attention of your colleagues to the opposing and frustrating everything that is obnoxious to the interest of the labourers , as well a * to whatever may tend to iciais the landlord or tenant-farmer .
The labourers condition does indeed call for your most serious consideration . How complete is the machinery that yoxr Grace has now at your service by which the real nature of that condition may be ascertained . No Government tcmmb-Eion ever bad open to It the sources of information you now have . Landlords and tcEsj&ts , clergy , guardians , chairmen of beards of guardians , and magistrates—these it is said are in vast nuniNrs with you . A council in London , composed of Dukes , lords , M-P . % and-fsrn > era , corresponding eominitiefca in the provinces . Surety , if you do not arrive » t the truth of the labourer ' s condition , moral , socal , and physical , it will not be for want of the means of doing bo . '
But I would venture to remind your Grace that the events of late years have made the public rather jea lous of evidence respecting the employed which may be obtained from the employers or those connected with them . "Would it not , then , be a ^ vuable to add to the evidence of those who have enrolled themselves with you as members of your society , other well autbenti-« ated -evidence ? Believing-that your Grace will agree -with me on thin point , I venture myself , xelyisg on the kind eo-operstion of a few friends , to effer you the following aid in fills matter : —
¥ e win send up to ycur committee from a few ef the agricultural counties—say Bucks , Dorset , Wilts , snd Someirstsbire—autbent 5 c 3 te § statements of the amount of ifBies . by the day rnd by the piece , paid to the various classes of labourers in those counties—in what form the said wages ars paid ; the value aad nature of ( he different privily * or advantages efftjed to the labctu-crs over and atove such wages ; also , of the nature of the dwellings afforded to the labosrers , and the sort of material of which they we built , the eiza and rnmber of the rooms , the drainage ( where any exiets :, the rent pa'd for tkem ., the state of repair in \ rhicb . they aie generally found , and the number and ages of the indiTidBils of both sexes who may be cornveiled to sleep in tfcs same room—the existence or
nonexistence of other matters generally considered conducive to decencyj also , of the Poor Law , we will give the amount of relief allowed to the old and infirm out of the "bouse , ' the general treatment of all applicants trho apply for relief , wiih such particulars of the advice given , and the relef afforded , as may indicate the measure cf charitable feeling evinced by the guardians in each union : "We will add a few skettbss from life in union houses , to prove the advantages , or otherwise , of benfeg poor people of all sorts of character together . To corroborate our evidence , -we will give yon the names of certain parties , the rich voce examination of "Whom ., we think , would be advisable ; such as medical offlcera , relierinc-cfficers , midwiTes , and undertakers , taVJTig care to furnish yea with a list of leading questions like'y > o EBsirt yon in such examination . And
now 1 will only add , that if yonr Grace will kindly accept this assistance—if yon and your colleagues will only give to the labourer ' s condition one half the attention yea have igiven to the condition of the landlord ¦ an dtesantj snd the improvement of the condition of yonr cattle—I ba-re no doubt but that yon will arriv at the conclusion at which I have arrived—that there is no cue creature belonging to the f&m , there is not an animal you rear , to use or to Bell , that has been subject te so mncb neglect , in everything that tends to ids improvement , as the labourer- Comparetbe way he is housed , fed , clothed , and valued , with the way in wbich the > ff ? tnftTR he tends for you are treated in these particiilars ; and then answer to the public and to youraelf— Tiy in tits present agitation be is overlooked . Your Grace's obedient servant , S . G , O .
THE ACCUKSED POOR LAW . O = i the above letter the Times remarks : — Mo > t heartily do we coucbx- in this salutary proposition , and most cordially do we Tejoiee to see that a sincere though late appeal is being made by fentlemen ef stEiion and * nfffr « m <« ' in behalf of a class of people sarhose very dependecce and difficulties have been made ttje grounds of their oppresEion and contempt But -what , to ask , baa produced this complication o misery , the utter disregard of which the Bev . Mr . Osborne so Mostly and so feelingly contrasts -with the
eare and attention bestowed on the brute creation T What , but the ten years' -trial of that atrocious law Which Wbigaand Tories , and nearly all the landowners of England , pronoenced to be just and wise 1 Talk of agr iynihnwri protectioa for the sake of the labortren Indeed J we wonder it has not been plainly demanded fix the sake of the pigs and cattle . Let the authors and atettots of that " dark document , " which recom Biended that at » certain period all out-door . relief jionld cease , that Bie in-door relief—that is , the diet njKrrided £ a tbs inmates of ; the workhouje—should be and
flrgfoaiy rednceflin quanU ^ quality , and that the GaanHsni dsoild oe empowered to reduce even this miserable pittance 3 f they cenld safely do bo , but on so aeeosct to feersMeit—tot tbese persons aniwer for tbs twrrnrl * ' ctnaequencea which tbe . literal enforcement of ibeir ei ) ta b * piodo » d .
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Mai . ta ., Febsuabt 28 . —On the 16 th instant Her Majesty's steamer Yesnvius , Captain Ommanney , arrived from Cerigo with despatches , which were put on board the French steamer then leaving the island . We learn they related to a loss required by the Greek Ministers . By this opportunity particulars of the services rendered by the Vesuvius to the French corvette Creole , by which aho was saved from wreak , having got ashore in Carysto Bay , nearly to the Door Channel , reached us . On being saved she was towed to the PiisauB , and hove down with topmasts standing . She , however , sank and filled , and , the masts being cut away , the operation of pumping her out was commenced . By the arrival of the msiTfrom the Levant we hear she floats again .
Her M » je » ty * s steam-frigate Geyser , a » w hours after ber arrival from Tunis , left port for Gallipoli , in the Golf of Taranto . By he ? return on the 27 th we learn that the object of ber trip was to famish assistance to two English vessels lost near Ihat place , the Urchin and Talbot , from which she brought eighteen men to Malta , leaving their captains to attend their duties . The Warspite , which was to nave sailed on the 24 th , is still In port , but win sail immediately toe mail arrives from Gibraltar . She was inspected en the 22 nd , and found to be in a high state of discipline .
The Yernon returned somewhat unexpectedly to port on the 22 nd , having since abe left port with the Queen been cruising near Tunis and Cagliari , watching the motions of a Sardinian squadron . The Yernon sailed on the 3 rd of February lor Cagliari , with a Sardinian frigate , the St . Mlchatl , in company , and reached port twenty-four hours before ber . The Vemon is considered a Asrt-rate frigate , possessing extraordinary capabilitit * for sailing . By her we learn that tha Sardo-Tunisian quarrel was likely to be arranged , though other account * positively declare the Bey to be encamped and fully prepared for war ., B pdb , MabCH 8 . —About five toas of iron were recovered on the 0 th instant from the Alonso . of Stockton , driven ashore in October . She lies nearly undet water . LmtELLT , MABCH 6 . —TfleSnsan * of Cork :, ashore near the Munbles , has ben got off , ' and in here to
Yabmotjih , Mabch 7 . —The lady Harvey , of this port , which sank in ihe river yesterday , has beeaTaised . Livem'OOI ,, Mabch 8 . —Wind &&X ^ light . The Henrietta , Crede bom loch to-Oiis port , with wool and pig Iran , foundered this-morning sear the Crosby ikLt « hip , w » w « f « d .
SiNGAPOKE , Jan . 4 . —The Lord Lynedoch transport , from Singapore to Madras , took fire by the ignition of some spirits on board , but the fire was extinguished shortly after . CAKT 9 N , Dec . 9 . —The Sylph arrived at Macao on the i ' -h of Dee . with loss of spars and cargo damaged , having sprung a leak . Constantinople , Feb . 14 . —The Anne from Liverpool , and the Salome from Newcastle , ashore in the Dardanelles on the 3 rd instant , have been got off after discharging part of their cargoes . | Donktrk .. March 3 . —A brig Is reported to have capsized off Waldacer this morning . Macao . Dbc . 27 . —The Emperor from Liverpool passed Anjer on the 13 th October last , and has not yet arrived . The Potter from Tutocoreen ia wrecked on the Pretus Shoal .
Alexandria , Feb . 16 . —The Allison , wbieh sailed hence on the 29 th nit . for Newcastle , pat back on the 12 th instant very leaky , and with both lower masts only standing ; cargo discharging . Paris , Mabch 6 . —The Jeune Raymond has put into Corunna leaky . TheBahiafor Havre was ashore on the bar off Tobasco prior to Jan . 12 , and bad thrown part of ber cargo overboard ; bat little hopes were entertained of getting bfir off . Calcutta , Jandaby 19 . —A heavy gale was taperienoed on the 29 th November , and two following days , in ' at 13 N ., by the William Shand , arrived here , which vessel was blown off the coast when endeavouring to get into Madras about the 9 th of December .
The Jane Gilford , which Bailed from Madras on the 24 th December for Covelong snd Bombay , was abandoned on the 27 tb , eight miles east of Tangalle , having stiuck on some rocks on the Little Bassa , and has become a wreck . The William Fulcher , from Bordeaux to Madras and Calcutta , was ashore at Karakul , 180 miles south of Madras , prior to the 1 st of February . The Ocean , from Liverpool to Sierra Leone , got on the Middle Bank at the entrance of the latter port , and has been condemned . Gottenburo , Feb . 21 . —The riverand the Elfabergfiord are clesed by ice . Feb . 24 . —The Ice now extends as far as Gottorpsfield , beyond that the water is open , and ships can come as far as Wargo and Wrango . Off Wahlo there is open water , bat the port of Kanso is closed . TheErland , from Trapani to this pott , has put into a port in Norway .
Hamburgh , March 6 . —Off Scbulau and Blankenese there was much drift ice to the southward , bat to the northward the water was clear . The Transit , from Hull , on shore off Ollerndorff , has got off and proceeded . Pbazancb , Mabch 7 . —The Traveller , from Padstow , in coming in here this afternoon , struck on some rocks near the entrance of the harbour , and carried away her rudder and is leaky . Aden , Feb 6 . —A vessel is reported to be wrecked at Sboogra , 60 miles north-east of this , and ber crew made prisoners by tke Arabs . Jamaica , Feb 9 . —It blew a gale on the 26 th u ! t . from N . W ., accompanied by & tremendous sea , during wbich the Fly was totally wrecked in Flint River . The Rebecca , from Savannah ta Mar for Falmoutb , was totally wrecked on the reef of the Great River : crew saved . The Bess went on shore on Ironsnore : crew saved .
Demebaba , Jan . 30 . —The brig Sarah , of St Andrews , New Brunswick , waterlogged and abandoned , was passed on the 1 st of January , in lat . 41 N ., leng . 62 W-, by the Diamond , arrived here . North Shields , March 7 . —The wreck of the brig Home ; destroyed by fire a short time since , has been sold for £ 75 The wreck of the Evadne , on shore on the Herd Sands , has also been sold . Bermuda , Feb 20 . —The Waldron , from Boston , United States , to Halifax , Nova Scotia , put into St Georg& ' s on the 15 th instant , In distress from a burrtcance in Ht 43 , long . « 6 . The Liverpool , from London to Halifax , Nova Scotia , put into St George ' s on the 20 th ult , in distress , having bad mainmsstbead damaged by lightning . A brlgantine , of and for Sydney , from this pert ( supposed the Active ) wbich sailed hence for Sydney , C&pe Breten , on tbe 3 d of January , went on shore near Port Jolly on the 14 th ultimo , and bil « Ml . '
Paris , Mabch 7 . —The AIc ? de capsized on tbe 4 th inst , three miles west of Pointre-aa-Ntz . Antigua , Feb . 9 . —The Donald , from Demerara to Liverpool , put in here on tbe 3 rd inst , leaky , having touched the ground , and is discharging . Nassau , New Providence , Feb . 11 . —The Margaret , from Savannah to this place , was totally lost on the 28 th ult ; crew Baved . The Finland , from Trieste to Havannab , was totally lost on Fish Keys , Crooked Island , on tbe 2 nd inst ; crew and part of materials saved . A boat 125 pipes of spirits , and a quantity of lumber and bricks , have been brought here , saved from tbe wreck of a bark , name unknown , wbich was fallen In with on tbe 20 th nit , bottom up . HaVaXNah , Feb . 8 . —Tbe Condratz Savin arrived here from Dublin , struck on a reef ( one of tbe C ' oloradosj , and received seme damage to her bottom and keel .
Barb a does , Feb . 7 . —The Catherine M'Donald , from D ^ mertJra to Valparaiso , has put in here with forenoat sprung . The Lady Comberwere , from Sierra Leone to Liverpool , has put in here leaky , and mast discharge . : Elsinore , Feb . 24—Tbs St Croix , from Copenhagen to St . Thomas ' s , came into the h&abour on the 21 st Instant , on account of the ice . Taere is bat little open water in tbe Bound , and on this side it is fast as far as Copenhagen , and it is only the strong winds and currents that , prevent it closing entirely . March 2—The Sound is open towards the north , but to the southward it la covered \ rilh ice as far as tbe eye can reach . Copenhagen , March 2—The Johan Friedricb , from Pillan to Dundee , is beset in the ice of Lilisond , and has sustained damage .
Portsmouth , Mabch 9 . —The Resistance , troop ship , Commander Patey , sailed on Tuesday , with detachments of the 2 nd battalion of Rifle Brigade , and of the 71 st Regiment , on board , for Cork ; there to embark a detachment of tbe 82 th Regiment , and then proceed with the whole to Canada . Tbe Prince G « orge , transport , Lieutenant Ward , agent , sailed the same day for Bermuda , having on board a detachment of the 20 tb Regiment , and a company of the Royal Artillery . SunderlaND , Mahch 9 . —The Symmetry , Palln , of this port , was abandoned last night , in a sinking state , having been in contact with tbe Klizsbtth Adntt , arrived here—crew saved . Redcar , March 9 . —Tbe Jtnoy , of Favenham , is supposed to have foundered , on the 26 th alt , off this port—crew supposed to be drowned . Tbe Hopewell , from Whitby to Stockton , was driven on tbe rocks near here this morning , and is now on tbe beach , with loss of rudder—crew saved .
Whitby , March 9 . —The Qaeen , R « ad , of and from Shields to Charente , drove from her anchors , and went out to sea during a gale at W . N . W ., the master and five men on shore at the time . A large loaded brig was seen to go down between one and two o ' clock this morning , four miles to the northward , with all hands . BridlI !« oton , March ie . —The George Canning , Allen , from Shields to London , sprang a leak yesterday afternoon , and was ran on the rocks to the north of Flamborough Head Light-house , and went to pieces ( crew Baved ) , it blowing a gale at west-north-west at the time . A few nights ago , as six men belonging to a fishing smack , of Dieppe , were in a boat laying the nets for fishing far whiting , a violent gust of wind surprised them and capsized tbe boat , causing the loss of every man in her .
Heroic Conduct—On Wednesday , the 13 th of December , as the men of ber Majesty ' s ship Agincoort were exercising aloft , one of them unfortunately lost his hold , and fell from tbe mainyard arm , and striking againBt the rigging , bonnded with frightful force from the Bparetopsail-y&rd , and fell insensible into the sea . LientenanU Catwell and Yansittart Instantly dashed overboard after him ; the former officer was , however , from bis position , unable to make way against the tide , and reach the sinking man . Mr . Yansittart though was neater to him , and with almost superhuman exertions ( being burdened with the whole of his uniform ) , be saved the poer fellow ' s life , supporting him a considerable time , until a boat could be lowered . —Hong Kong Gazette .
Fire ok Board a Ship and melancholt loss op life— Devonport , March 9 . —This morning , about one o'clock , an alarm of fire was beard at Mutton Cove , and shortly afUr flames were observed issuing from the companion and cabin window of the brig " Theresa , "of about 159 tons , Captain Nichols , belonging to Davenport , and recently arrived from Newport with a cargo of coals , which she was discharging at the wharf near Her Majesty ' s arsenal . The two town engines were speedily on the spot , bnt owing to a defect in the hose , some time elapsed before they w « e brought into play . About ten minutes after the engines arrived a boy was observed to make two ineffectual attempts to leap from the cabin and « atcb bold of the skylight combings ; the third time a man on the
quarter-deck pulled him out , but , harrowing to relate , the f esh on the poor boy ' s arm peeled off in tbe aot ; the shirt waa burnt off bis back , and the hair of bis bead destroyed . He was immediately conveyed te tbe werkhonse . The cargo very soon ignited , and , slthoigh low tide , the . vessel was injudiciously scuttled , when of coarse tbe water ran out as soon as it was poured in . Tbe fire was , however , eventually » nbdc » d , bnt tbe brig is * so much injured as to be past repair . The charred remains of John Davis , of Davonport , aged 18 , were found in the steerage berth . He , with John Phillip * , aged 13 , the lad who was rescaed through the cabinwindow , were the only persons on board . The unfortunato youth was relieved from his sufferings in the course of the forenoon . Before dying , he stated that he went
on board about nine o ' clock on the Friday evening , carefully pot out bis light and retired to btd , in the stateroom , having received peimissson to do so from tbe master . Tee lad , who is the son of a gentleman now resident at Newport , but formerly a collector of customs at a Cornish port , was determined to go to sea , in opposition to the wishes of bis relatives , and was considered on board tbe brig more as a passenger than a sailor . The fire originated in the steerage , where Phillips slept in the mat *' * berth . It is supposed that he came on board very late , and that through bis negligence the accident occurred ; he must have been smethered in his bed-place . The clothes belonging to the crew are destroyed , as they slept aft and messed with the captain , to whom no blame can be attributed in this melanoboiy accident
Aberdeen , March §>—The Mary and Margaret of Stirling , which was driven on the beach on the 23 rd ult , baa been got off and brought Into tbe barbonr . Yarmouth , March ll . —The Ann of Blyth , from Shields to London , foundered off Whitby on the 9 th inBt . —crew saved . The Prudent of Boston has pat in here with loss of bowsprit , < 5 cc , having been in contact with a light brig off Haisborough . The Hector , off and from Shields for London , is in the roads with loss of mainmast , sails , &o . Flamborough Head , March 9 . —A loaded brig , ( name unknown ) has driven off the land , with loss of mainmast , sails , Sea . Whitehaven , March 11 . —The sloop Magnet from Douglasjto Maryport , drove ashore between William Pitt and Redness Point last night , and will become a total wreck ; crew saved .
North Shields , March 10 . —The Atalanta of South Shields , has been towed in here with loss of topmasts , &o . alleged Murder at Sea . —Information has been received at this port , that ; the master of a Hull vessei , which left here some tine ago for a port in the Mediterranean , shot tbe cook on the voyage , with a pistol , and , tbe ball entering a little above tha eye , he died , after lingering a short time . On tbe arrival of the vessel at her port , a few miles from Trieste , an investigation was made by the British Consul , and we understand the result of the inquiry was such as to favour the supposition , that the shot was fired accidentally . — HullJRockinaham .
The Weather .-Severe Gale . —On Sunday night the sky was dear and starry , with a moderate breeze from N . N . W ., and frost was fully expected ; but all each expectations were dissipated at an early hour on Monday morning , when the atmosphere became darkened and tbe thermometer rapidly advanced from 41 to 48 degrees . Between four and five o ' clock coarse and blustering weather commenced , and as the morning advanced a severe gale of wind from about W . S . W . sprung up , accompanied at short Intervals with heavy showers of rain , which continued with little intermission throughout tbe day . In the evening the river was much agitated , and several steam-packets which were due in the morning did not arrive till late in tha afternoon . Several vessels in the docks and at the wharfs , on both sides of the river , ready for sea , have delayed taking their departure until tbe present temppeatBoua weather moderates . On Sunday
morning , about seven o ' clock , upwards of Bixty soil of coasters sailed from the Thames , aud m they must have encountered the severe gale of yesterday which was attended with heavy squalls , some fears are entertained for their safety whilst proceeding along tbe eastern coast It is to be apprehended that the intelligence which will be received at Lloyd ' s this ( Tuesday ) morning and afternoon will wear a serious aspect The shipping on the river did not sustain any damage , and as most of tbe tiers of vessels front off the Custom-house to the Pool were riding at double moorings with their topmasts struck , no injury was antipated . Several steam packets were overdue at seven o ' clock last night , owing , doubtless , to tbe violence of the storm . Notwithstanding the severity ef the weather the temperature was unusually mild , the thermometer at six o'clock last evening at the entrance ef the superintendent ' s office in tbe London DookB having stood at ii degrees—/ % /•<)• tiide , Tuesday .
The Weather . —Violent Storm . —Tempestuous weather still prevails . The gale on Monday continued throughout the night with little alteration , until yesterday forenoon , when It comrneeced blowing from about WNW . with much greater violence than before . Between eleven and twelve o ' clock , it blew a perfect hurricane , accompanied with very hoavy squalls , and numerous spars belonging to vessels on the river were carried away by its violence , and great feara were entertained for whole tier of shipping breaking from their moorings ; but owing to the precautions which had been taken on Monday , such as tk « placing of double moorings and the striking of topmasts , fortunately nene of them parted . Several of the poor watermen have suffered loss by getting their boats damaged . la consequence of the continuance of sttrmy weather , the vessels in the docks and at the wharfs on both sides of the river , laden and ready for sea , still remain . On terra firma ,
in greatly exposed situations , pedestrians experienced much difficulty in malntaing their equilibrium . About noon , the sky darkened , and a heavy fall of rain and sleet ; took place . This lasted about ball an hoar , and was succeeded by clear sunshine . After tbe wintry shower , the storm moderated a little , but soon again intreassd to its former violence , and this description of weather , heavy sleet showers and sunshine alternately , characterised the remainder of tbe day . Several continental steam-packets were over due last evening . The temperature yesterday was colder than on the preceding day ; the thermometer , at six last eveuing , at the entrance of tbe superintendent's-office , in the London Docks , which on Monday stood at 49 degrees , b * ving fallen to 42 . Last night , the gale moderated considerably ; but the atmosphere had a gloomy and threatening appearance . Gloomy tidings may be expected front sea . Chronicle , Wednesday .
THE FORTHCOMING CONVENTION . BIBMINGHAM AND WOBCESTEB DELEGATE MEETING A delegate meeting sf tbe above district was bald at the George Inn , Bromsgrpve , on Sunday last , for the purpose of appointing a District Council , making arrangements for the forthcoming Convention , and taking the necessary steps for placing this Important district in tbe position it occupied previous to August , 1842 . A most cordial and friendly feeling pervaded the assembled delegate meeting ; and a determination was expressed , not only to return a due proportion of delegates to the Convention la accordance with the Executive address , but also to extend our organization to the various towns in Worcestershire . :
The following delegates assembled for business : — Birmingham , George White , John Beale . John Boyle ; Bromsgrove , Matthew flayle , Henry Prosser , James Hey ward , James Hall ; Kidderminster , Henry Crouch ; Redditch , Thomas Prescott . Wm . Parker , Henry Moulel ; Redditch Youths , Harvey Alcock . Mr . Henry Moule was unanimously called to the chair , and Mr . George White appointed secretary . The Chairman opened the meeting by describing the position and prospects of Chartism at Redditch , which he stated to be in a good condition , and only required to be properly attended to , as tbe feeling in favour of Chartism was strong . The other delegates stated the position of their various localities ; after which M * . Henry Prosser moved , and Mr . Thomas Prescott seconded , the following resolution : —
" That a district be now formed , to be called the Birmingham and Worcestershire Distriot" —Carried unanimously . : The following persons were then nominated as a District Council : —Birmingham , George White ; Worcester , J . D . Stevenson ; Redditch , William Parker ; Bromsgrove , Henry Prosser ; Studley , Charles Alcock ; Kidderminster , Henry Crouch ; Alceston , Mr . Hall ; Lye Waste , Timothy Forrest ; Dudley , Samuel Cook ; Stoke Prior , William Perks ; Lickey Hills , John Pinfleld , jun . ; Headless Cross , Wm . Pinfield ; Crabs CroBB , Edward Cook ; Stourbridge , John Chance ; Redditch Youths , Harvey Alcock ; Feckenham , Mr . Bolton , farmer ; Sidemoor , Mr . Matthew Hale .
Convention Business . —The delegates next proceeded to arrange for the ensuing Convention . An important discussion took place as to the means of each locality , —the number which could be sent to Manchester—tbe amount to be : paid to each—aud whether they should be sent from the district , or from the localities who were enabled to pay their expences . On the motion of Mr . White , seconded by Mr . Crouch , it was unanimously resolved : — " That we recommend to the District the propriety of eleeting sis delegates , at an expence of £ * each , to represent this distriot in the forthcoming Convention . " Mr . Parker , Mr . Beale , and others spoke in favour of tbe resolutions , and stated their desire that a large number should attend at Manchester . Mr . J . Boyle moved , and Mr . Hoyle seconded , the next resolution : —
" That the delegates saw present communicate the above resolution to their constituents , and take their decision thereupon , and be prepared to nominate the parties intended to represent this district at the next district delegate meeting ; and that each locality be requested to name the six they approve , aad forward the list by their delegate en Sunday next . "—Carried unanimously . On the motion of Mr . Hayle , seconded by Mr . John Beale , the following was unanimously adopted : — " That the names of the parties now nominated to the District Council , and the list of delegates present , be forwarded to the Northern Star , to assist the various localities in their choice of candidates , the list not to be understood as imperative ; each locality reserving to themselves the power of nominating whoever they think proper . " Mr . Henry Crouch moved , and Mr . Henry Prosser seconded the next resolution : —
" That a delegate meeting for this distriot , be held at the George Inn , Bretnsgroye , every Sunday at twelve o ' clock , until the meeting of tha Convention ; at wbich time each delegate will baud in the money collected in bis locality for the Convention Fund . "—Carried . It was then unanimously resolved :- — " That Mr . George White , be appointed secretary proUm ,, and that all communications be forwarded to him at bis residence , 31 , Bromsgrove-street , Birmingham . " A vote of thanks w&s unanimously given to the chairman for hi « conduct , and the meeting was adjourned to twelve o ' clock on Sunday next , at which time each locality is requested to send delegates .
grovo , In oonjanction with Messrs . Beale nod' Boyle but would first read un excelleat . poem on " Equality , " written by tbe late George P « trie , of London . Mr . White then road the poem , which was warmlj applauded ; and having addressed the meeting -at some length on tbe necessity of making the next Convention one worthy of the-i cause of Chartism , be gave a general description of the proceedings of the delegate meeting at Bromsgrove . Notice was then Riven that a special meeting would be held on the following eveuing , to receive the report of tbe delegates , and adopt such
measures as wore advisable to secure a full and efficient representation of ibis district at Manchester . Thanks were voted to the Chairman , and the meeting separated . MONDAY Evening Meeting . —A special meeting was held nt the Chartist Hall . Peck Lane , to . receive the reports of the delegates to Bromsgrove , Mr . H . Robinson in the chair . Mr . G . White read the resolutions agrerd to , which were put to the meeting and earried unanimously ; with only one alteration , as it was thought that Birmingham ought to have two representatives on account bf its larger population , Cate was however taken that this should not infringe on the right
of other important towns , and seven p » r < = D 8 were accordingly nominated as follows : —George White , Birmincham , John Beale . Birmingham , Henry Crouch , Kidderminster , Win . Parker , Redditcb , J . D . Sttvenson , Worcester , Henry Prosser , Bromsgrove , John phance , Stourbridge . Messrs . G- White and Who . MUls were the appointed delejtates to the meeting , to be held at Bromsgrove , on S ' unday next . It was also resolved to hold a Grand Concert and Ball , at the Mechanics Institute , in aid i of tbe Convention fund . Several present volunteered to take out collecting books for the same purpose , so that from all appearances , Birmingham and Worcestershire district will respond nobly to the call of the Executive , by returning a duo proportion of representatives to tbe Convention , and prove to the country that tha spirit of Chartism is still vigorous in this quarter .
LONDON . —Metropolitan delegate council , March 10 . —Mr . JHodge In the chair , it was resolved on tbe motion of Mr . Stall wood , that a Sub committee of three be appointed to draw up an address to the Chartist body , on jthe necessity of placing all Chartist compound householders on the Electoral Register . Messrs . Stall wood ; Cuffay , and Ratbbone was then appointed the Sub-committee for that purpose . It was also resolved unanimously , that the Metropolitan Delegates be requested to bring the subject of Compound HoBBeholdfcr Registration before the Convention at its meeting at Manchester ; and that the members of this Council are requested to bring their localities quota of Convention expence , and place it in tbe bands of our treasurer , on or before tbe 31 st Instant . Mr . Pattenden then moved thati four separate meetings , one at each quarter of the metropolis be held for the election of delegates to the Convention , which was seconded by Mr George . Mr . Stall wood moved as an amendment
that one central meeting be held for that purpose , which was seconded by Mr . Simpson . On being put tbe amendment was carried . It was then arranged that the meeting ; for that purpose be held at the South London Chartist Hall , Blackfriar ' s Road . Mr . Cuffay then brought the treachery of the Reverend Edwin Mantz before tbe Council ; The letter of Mr . Mantz wan read from the Slar . Mr . Cuffay then moved—" That'the Rev . E . Mantz , baying been clearly convicted of base , falsehood and treachery to the Chartist body , this Council visit him with their severest reprehension and heaviest censure , and utterly scout him from the National Chatter Association , " —Seconded by Mr . Rathbone , and carried unanimously . During the discussion , Mr . Noquet , tbe delegate from the weavers , announced that the Broad Silk Weavers bad withdrawn Messrs , Sherrard and Burroughs from tbe Anti-League . It will be remembered that they were the mover and seconder of the first resolution at the Freemasons' Tavern .
Nominations to the Convention . —London . — The following names have been received by the Secretary , as duly nominated for tha ensuing Convention : — FeaTgus O'Connor , Philip M'Grath , Patrick O'Higgins , Thomas M . Wheeler . Ruffy Ridley , Bronterre O'Brien . The first four by several localities . Only four can * be elected . '
Fob . 4 . Collection , Carpenters' Hall ... 0 3 2 | Mr . Whiteley ... 0 0 6 Inceme ... £ 14 110 Expenditure £ 11 3 9 Balance in Sub-Treasurer ' s hands £ 2 18 l
Expenditure * 1813 . £ 8 . d . Dec . 22 , Widow Seddon , « f Manchester : her husband dead from the effects of confinement at Manchester ... 0 16 0 22 , Mrs . Murray , six weeks for fire and candles ... ... ... 0 2 0 29 , Samuel Lees , of Mottram : sentenced two years ; the Doctor has had to compel his releasemen t , or death would have followed ... ... 0 25 0 31 , Joseph Garrett , son of poor , but martyred Garrett , who died in Millbank Prison , a few weeks since 0 10 0 1 S 14 . Jan . 21 , Mary Linney , wife of Joseph
Linney , now in Millbank Prison 0 15 0 26 , Joseph Taylor , Msrple Bridge : has been in Chester Castle ... 110 0 26 , Samuel Lees , of Mottram ... ... 0 10 0 20 , One pair of stockings , and one pair of shoes , for Mrs . Daffy , widow of the late Jamas Duffy 0 7 9 Secretary , for postages , &c ... 0 7 0 Feb . 4 , Mrs . Murray , six weeks for fire and candles 0 2 0 9 , Martha Wild , of Mottram , wife of Robert Wild , now in Kuutaford Prison ... 0 15 0 16 , Henry Martinson , of Preston , in
Kirkdale Prison , to convey him home ... 0 15 0 16 , William Booth's family 10 0 Isaac Hoyle ' s family 10 0 Thomas Ogden ' s family 1 o 0 All ef Roy ton , near Oldham . Those in Kirkdale will be released on the 9 th of April . Feb . 4 , Mary Linney , in a state ot very poor health , removed to Black * burn . 10 0 £ 11 3 9 Audited , and found correct , Henry Ntjttall . John Smithj
PRESTON—Mr . Morrison lectured here on Mon . day evening , when the following resolution was agreed to . and ordered to be laid before the North Lancashire delegate meeting— " That in addition to the district delegates to the forthcoming Convention , the various towns be recommended to send delegates , either separately , or by two or more towns uniting for that purpose . " " That in conformity with the aboie resolution , Preston shall send one or more delegates to the forthcoming Convention . "
BADCMFFB BRIDGE—The following resoln . tlons wsre passed at a delegate meeting held here , on Sun * day ( delegates present from Boltod , Bury , and Radcliffe ) That Richard Hamer be the treasurer for the Bolton district council , and that Joseph Molynesux , of Bolton , ha the secretary . "' ' « That each locality pay the sum of sixpence to defray the expences of the district . '' " That tbe next delegate meeting be held at Tydsley Bonds , on Sunday next , and that each locality send a delegate . "
Mb . Clark ' s Tour . —Since I last wrote to the Star I have visited that thoroughly democratic little town—Todmorden . I delivered twe lectures , one in the afternoon , when Mr . R . Brook presided : another in the evening , when an aged and tried veteran occupied the chair . Neither of the meetings were numerously attended , owing to the very unfavourable state of the weather , the rain pouring down in torrents . Those present , however , were of the right stamp , particularly the ladies , a number of whom were present On Monday 1 lectured at Macclesfleld , to a very spirited and attentive audience , when several were added to oar ranks . On Taesday evening I bad the pleasure of meet * ing the friends at Coventry , and found them in high
spirits at the prospect of a spirited summer ' s agitation . The operative silk-weavers ef this ancient place were once the recipients of more than average wages ; bat from all I could learn , they are on a rapid decline , and are unfortunately now little better off than the cottonweavers of the North . The Council of Coventry speak in the most sanguine manner of the state of feeling in the surrounding neighbourhood . Oa Wednesday I reached Long Buckby , a rather smart village in Northamptonshire . In the evening I lectured to a numerous auditory , in the Working Mens Hall , a fine new building , the property of tha Chartist body . Mr . S . Parkes was unanimously voted to the chair , who opened the meeting in a brief address . I spoke upwards of an hour and a half , dwelling chiefly on the great necessity for union amongst the . working classes . At the close several cards were disposed of , and the people dispersed . Tbe inhabitants of this place are
extensively engaged in manufacturing light shoes for the Northampton warehouses . The prices paid for every description « f work is considerably under the London and other trades ; so much so , that woik cut out in London , is sent to Backby to be made up , and sold in the London market cheaper than they can possibly sell the same sort of work got up in London , notwithstanding the cost of transit both ways . One of those vampires who gets work oat on commission , and resides at Buckley , has tha impudence , in defiance of law , to carry on the "Truck system , " by forcing those who work for him to buy their food at his shop ; and he does not fail to inform them that if they do not take the stuff , " they shall ? ot have the work . On Thursday evening I went in company with Mr . Parkes and several of the Backby Chartists to a small village called Ravensthorp . Oa our arrival we found it was the determination of
certain parties to prevent us holding a metting ; a barn bad been promised , but owing to intimdiation being brought to bear against the owner , it was refused ; but we were determined not to be foiled ; so I agreed to address tbe people in the open air , in a large yard opposite the dwelling of the Parson of the parish—a gentleman as celebrated for his hatred of democracy as for bis great attainments as a profound scholar—he has at present under his tuition two young aristocrats (!) who were destined to play a conspicuous part in the business of the evening , one of them being the nephew of Sir R . Peel , and the other a young lord ! It was quite apparent from the moment we reached the village
that these sprigs of the aristocracy were bent upon mischief , as they had got nearly all the children of the parish about tbe place of meeting , and had furnished them with " crackers ' and " firerockets /' but all these were expended before the meeting , which was opened by Mr . Parkes giving out " Base Oppressors , " which was sung in prime style . Mr . Parkes then delivered a brief but sensible address , and concluded by introducing me . I had no sooner risen than a volley of potatoes , turnips , and stones was thrown amongst the crowd by some parties at tbe back of the yard . The night being exceedingly dark they were the better enabled to carry oa their brutality without being discovered I received three rather severe blows and several others were more
or less hurt . I charged th& Parson and the two puppy gentlemen with being the instigators , if not tha actual perpetrators , of this disgraceful conduct , this the parson , who was present , stoutly denied , bat could not deny that his noble (!) pupils were amusing themselves by throwing stones at the heads of working men . As I bad Ihe parson present , I was determined not to let slip the opportunity ; so entered fully into the malpractices of the church , and dared his Reverence to a refutation : but though be remained to the last , he uttered not a sentence in reply , but slunk off amidst the jeers of his parishioners . The gentlemen too came ia for their share ; and would have fared much worse if Mr . Parkes and myself had not interposed to s * ve
their bones , as the moment the missiles were thrown , tbe farm labourers present supplied themselves with stones , and went in search of the ruffians . " Lord * Grey they found mounted ia an apple-tree , and young Peel , at no great distance from him . They have both much occasion to thank the " physical force" Chartists for their interference , or they would have bad reason to repent their conduct The meeting which was composed exclusively of agricultural labourers , begged ot me to pay them a Becond visit if possible , as they never were bo much delighted sa they were in listening to the castigatlon administered to the parson . Oa Saturday evening I . again lectured , at Long Bacfeby , and enrolled several new members . —Thomas class *
eftartfjst 3 Ent * nfa * nr * .
THE NATIONAL VICTIM FUND COMMITTEE TO THE CHARTISTS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND . Brethren , —Below will be found a Balance Sheet of our recent receipts and disbursements in the discharge of our duties aa a National Victim Fund Committee . ' Though owing to our scanty means of succour , the relief we have been enabled to give has been but small , we most heartily , in the name of the recipients , thank those who have enabled us to do even so much to alleviate the sufferings of our persecuted fellow creatures . We request your attention to the means necessary to be adopted to mak * the Victim Fund really national and adequate to the complete and permanent support of those who are suffering , and may in future have to suffer for their advocacy of the glorious cause of Democracy .
To effect this desirable consummation , systematic efforts ore tt quired on your part . We have much pleasure in directing your notice to the resolutions of tbe Marylebone and other localities , where the Chartists have resolved to subscribe one penny per month to tbe Victim Fund . Let this be but carried out in * every locality and we shnll speedily have ample means at our command to do justice towards our brethren . Our balance sheet will show that we are as yet able to afford but a very small trifle , at intervals , we fear by far too lengthy . We wish to have it in our power to afford a weekly allowance to each of the familiaswhose natnral protectors are now piniog in loathsome dungeons . To enable us to do this we urge the propriety of each locality contributing a regular quota onse a month , according to the number of members therein .
We desire this , that we may infuse encouragement into the breasts ef our leaders and lecturers ; that they may see that should tyranny sacrifice them for their patriotic toils , their families will have your protection and support . We are reluctantly compelled to objeet to the frequent appeals made for particular individuals ; each appeals injure the general fund , and we hope they will therefore be discontinued . ; We request that every locality will furnish us with the names and full particulars of the imprisoned victim * belonging thereto ; as we are anxious that all should be dealt with alike , and the aid afforded to one be given to all . j If our brother Chartists are a « are of any victim whose family has been overlooked by us , it is their duty to furnish us with the requisite
information . Ours is a : national work , and every recognised Chartist victim is entitUd to his fair share of our protection . We wish to state that the National Victim Fund Committee and the National Defence Fund ; Committee are separate bodies . Before concluding , common justice requires that we should specially thank . Mr . John West , of Sheffield , for his noble and philanthropic services , in devotiug what should have been his " day of rest" to the augmenting of our resources ; may tbe example of that talented and indomitable patriot be followed by the whole of the lecturers to whom , together with our Executive , we earnestly appeal to help us In the good work it is our anxious du * y to effectually perform . Thomas Roberts , We Grocott , Wm . Smith , JRobert Booth , James Holder , Chairman .
John Hodson , sub-Treasurer . Edward Clark , Secretary , 37 , Henry-street , Oldhamroad , Manchester . ' P . S . All monies must be Bent to Feargus O'Connor , Esq ., Treasurer . BALANCE SHEET OF THE NATIONAL VICTIM FUND
- COMMITTEE . Income . 1843 . ; £ . s . d , Dec . 10 . In Treasurer ' s bands 2 15 ' 3 ^ 10 . Collections , Carpenters' Hall ... 6 3 b 10 . Mr . Peter Potts 0 0 6 Mr . Petce Parr ... 0 0 3 17 . Collection , Carpenters' Hall ... 0 6 6 i Mr . James Leigh , per J . Murray ... 0 10 22 . General Treasurer , F . O'Connor ... 10 0 0 24 . Mr . James Greet 0 0 2 29 . Mr . James Holden's book O 0 6 31 . Mr . Thomas Burgess 0 0 6 31 . Mr . Wm . Smith ... 0 0 6 1844 . i '
Per Mr . Grocott's Book . Jan . 7 . Mr . Wm . Emmerson 0 0 6 Mrs . Elizabeth Emmerson ... ... 0 0 4 7 . Collection , Carpenters' Hall ... 0 1 0 14 . Ditto , . ' ditto ... 0 5 9 k 21 . Collection , Carpenters * Hall ... 0 2 3 j 26 . Mr . Jeremiah Lane 0 0 «
THE PAUPER'S HOME . " Rattle his bones , Over the stones , He ' s only a psuper whom nebody owns I ' Behind Stonecutter-street , on the side opposite to Farringdon-market , is the pauper burial-ground of the parish of SU Bride ' s . Many persons , although intimately acquainted with this great metroplls , are doutless unaware of even the existence of that place of interment ; and as far as their feelings of hamanity are concerned , it would be just as well that they Bhould remain in that state of ignorance for the rest of thtir lives . For tbe sake , however , of public decency , we are compelled to lay tbe foliowiag disgusting details before the world . Not tbe remotest decree of respect is shown
to the remains of the unfortunate paupers who are interred in that cemetry . A grave fourteen feet deep is dug , and every Wednesday morning the corpses are conveyed from the "Union to their last resting-place . Four or five interments usually take place upon that day , and each ceffin as it arrives is consigned to the bole , lying one above the other . After all the coffins are thus thrust into the grave , the Clergyman arrives , and one service is performed over all the dead . Tbe fees are , however , exacted for four or five distinct services as the case may be . The dirt is thrown very loosely in ; and on the following Wednesday the grave is re-opened to receive fresh occupants—this process continuing until it is fuIL The coffins are seldom attended by mourners ; and the whole ceremony is performed with baste . The burial-cround itself is a regular
swamp ; one or two old trunks of trees , blackened and falling fast into decay , are allowed to remain there ; but not a single blade of grass is to b « Been . Every time a sew grave is commenced , heaps cf bones are turned up . and are afterwards thrust back again without ceremony into the pauper ' s bole . This ctmetry , which is very small , has existed since tbe time of Charles II ., and is consequently full of tbe remaiaB of mortality . The tf&uvia is perceived at times by all the houses in the vicinity—and it is no uncommon thing to Bee piles of human bones exposed upon the soil . The poor have as much right to decent interments as tbe rich ; and we feel convinced that this exposure of the contemptuous manner in which their remains are treated , will raise a feeling of Indignation throughout the parish of Saint Bride ' s .
THE GAME LAWS . —PRISON HORRORS . Mcrdbbxb bt THE Game Laws . —On Tuesday , the 5 th instant , Edward Ralph , late of the village of Rosgill , who , with T . Graham , J . Brown , and another , abont two months ago , was committed to Appleby gaol , to bard labour , for poaching in the preserves of tbe Earl ef Lonsdale , near Thornthwaite-hall , in Westmoreland , was unfortunately killed by the wheel of the treadmill . On Wednesday last , an inqnest was held on the body , in the gaol , before George Thompson , Esq ., one of the coroners for the county of Westmoreland . It appeared , from tbe facts given in evidence , that Ralph , at the time the accident occurred , was waiting near tbe mill , for tbe purpose of going on duty , and , being a person of low stature , his bead , by some means or other came in contact with the wheel , which was rapidly revolving at tbe time , snd fractured his skull
The Millbask Slaughter House . —Wretched , doomed beings continue to be immured within tbe damp death-laden walls of this dreadful dungeon . Not upon one only , but often upon the lifeless bodies of two wretched creatures , who have died in the Millbank Penitentiary tbe Coroner bas to sit At the same time . It is painful to any one wbose feelings have not been blunted by coming into constant collision with suffering humanity to witness tbe cold systematic way in wbich the officers of tbe prison give their evidence respecting the way youth and strength are almost imperceptibly hewed down iq it . Tbe Governor , who but for tbe habits wbich bis peculiar situation creates may , no donbt , be a very humane man , reads from bis book tbe
history of the victim since he placed himself in tbe fangs of the law , somewhat in this way : —A was tried and convicted at such an assize , came Jiere on such a day ; bis health continued to decay shortly after bis arrival , and on such a day he was admitted into hospital , where be died in two days afterwards . The medical officer gives similar evidence regarding the declining health and death of the deceased . The nature of the decease in all is generally tbe same , being either consumption or diarrbai . At tbe inquest held upon John Sillfets , aged nineteen , the Governor gavs it as his opinion that for salubrity of air , the prison could not be surpassed , and that it was completely free from damp . He then went on with his usual boast that tbe number of deaths in it was much less than that in a
regiment His first statement was contradicted by a Juryman npon bts oath , who declared that , on an average , during high tides , tbe dikes surrounding tbe prison were seven boors full and five boars empty . If this Juryman spoke tbe truth , it clearly proves that tbe prison and its foundation Bust be completely saturated with water , and of which there is not tbe slightest doubt as the dark clay in tbe yards , and tbe damp appearance of the stone walls , indicate . Is it Christian—is it humane— to allow young unfortunate lads , who nave been accustomed to breathe tbe bracing refreshing brazes of open fields and lofty mountains to inhale the noxious pestiferous vapours of such a dungeon ?
"FBEE-BOBH BBITOJiB ! " A MAGJ 8 TEBJAL Solos—TJmon Hall , TtjesdaT—Eight young men , all in the workhouse garb , were charged before Mr . Trail ! with destroying their clothes in St . George ' s ¦ workhouse , and also with breaking open the breadroom . The defendants , with seventeen others , were admitted into tbe workbouae as casual paupers on tbe preceding night . At an early hour in tbe morning a great roise and disturbance was beard in the ward they occupied , snd on tbe porter going there he found the defendants in a state of nudity , and their garments
in tatters scattered all over tke place . Tbe defendants , one and all , said they came up to London in quest of employment , bat not getting any , they were reduced to destitution , and their clothes being in a dreadful condition from vermin , they tore them up to get ethers in their stead . Mr . Traiil pointed out to tbe defendants the absurdity of thus leaving their hones and roving to a Btranga place , where there were so many persons already out of work . He then committed the defendants for ton days each—a sentence with which they all seemed wall pleased .
Thb Condition of Ib . ela . kd Question—In some parts of Connaugbt , especially in Galway , the humbler d i » fs are suffering great distress . Tbe Galloway Tindicator contains a very afflicting statement on this subject . " Whole families , tssys that journal ) are without any support except a few stones of potatoes amongst them , and hundreds of others have none at alL "
SOCIAL MURDER . Death tsjou Destitution . —On Saturday , Mr . G . J . Mills , deputy coierer for West Middlesex , held an inquest at tbe Lord CHve ' s Head , Duke-street , Marylebone , touching the death of Michael O'Grady , a child scarcely eleven weeks old . It appeared from the statements of tbe jury , on their return from viewing the body , that the deceased lay in a wretched aad filthy room in Camden-buildings , Portman-square , the abode of squalid and degraded persona ? principally Irish , and that in the same room nine other persons dwell , the
members of two families . Tbe body of the child , who bad died on the preceding Monday , was rapidly decomposing . The mother of tbe child , wbose evidence was taken , Baid it was her constant habit to leave borne every morning at four o ' clock ,, and to return at seven in tbe evening , Being engaged tbe whole of that time in selling milk for ber employers . Her earnings were about 8 s 6 d per week . She found she was unable to give the child it * natural food , and consequently was obliged to feed it with a spoon . Medical evidence was called , and it was tbe opinion of all present that the child had died from want of proper nourishment . A verdict to that effect was returned .
Birmingham . —Chabtist Meeting . —The usual weekly meeting took place at the Chartist Hall , Peck Lane , on Sunday evening Last , Mr . Alexander Finley in the chair . The collectors having handed in their money , and various matters concerning the Association being arranged , the Chairman called on Mr . George White to address the meeting . Mr . White informed hem that he intended to deliver a report of the deleate Buetiag which he bad that day attended at JBioma-
MONIES RECEIVED BY MR . CLEAVE . FOR M ' DOUALL . i £ S . d . Northampton ( per Mr . M'Farlane ) 0 14 6 Mr . J . Armitage ......... 0 0 3 Mr . W . Askew , Daventry ..... ; , 0 2 6 Mr . G . Ashwell , ditto ... 0 2 6 Aa Apprentice , ditto ... 0 1 0 SOB MBS . ELLIS . Proceeds of Haraonio Meeting , Feathers , Warren-street ( per Mr . Farrer ) i . 0 16 « A Republican 0 2 0 Mr . Nodes .,.. i 0 16 FOB HBS . j LENNIB . Soften * Town Locality ( per Hornby ) ............ 0 4 3 - » 0 B EXBCiraVE . Foot Chartists , Codford , Wilts . ......,.., i ....... 0 14 VICTIM IPDND . Mr . Tanner 0 2 0 Mr . J . Critcheld . i .. 0 0 6 Mr . J . Walker ..... 0 0 6 Mr . L . KIDS ....,....,...,, 0 0 9
RECEIPTS BY GENERAL SECRETARY . SUBSCRIPTIONS . Byron Wards , Notts , ( per Bweet ) 0 7 0 Seven Stars , ditto ......... 0 7 6 St . Ann ' s Ward , ditto . v 0 10 0 Lambley , ditto 0 2 0 Todmorden 1 1 11 Oldham ^ .... 0 7 7 City of London ............ 0 6 4 Marylebone 0 5 0 Standard of Liberty ... 0 111 Shoemakers , Nottingham 0 6 0 NATIONAL iniBTJia . Todmorden .. 0 17 0 Ditto (( a friend ) .........,., o o 6 Oldham , Mary Richardson ........................ 0 0 5 Ditto , a friend to free * . dom ; ..,.. 0 0 6 Ditto , Mary Whitehead * 0 0 2 Mr . Doyle , baianoa of accounts ... „ ..,. „ .... 0 0 4 VICTIM FUND . Working Man ' s Hall , Mile End 0 14 *
MB . DIXON ' S SECOND CAED ACCOUNT . Accrington 0 20 Haslingden 0 1 8 BaCBp 0 2 0 Padiham 0 0 6 Colne ... 0 2 8 CUtheroe o 5 * Lawley 0 1 0 Preston ...... 0 1 0 Sabdeu weekly subscription .......:........... „ 0 2 0 MB , DOYLE ' S CaBD ACCO UNT * Watrington , 0 5 * Lamberhead Green 0 3 * Presoot .... 0 3 8 Hindley ........ ^ .. ° 4 ! NeirMflto .................. 0 * NantwieQ 0 l Chester « * J BbkeiJhead ...... »» 0 0 a Mr . Speed , Cheater , one card 0 s- ., " AU localities that , are k ^ S for subsliripttons or cards , or tn « i may hold tribute money to-M" * are requested to transmit the sanw to the Treasurer or Secretary F £ vious to the end of the . month * -as which time the Quarterly Balance * sheet will be issued . X . M . WHBSLBB , Sec
g ¦ THE NOBTHKltN- STAR . March 16 , 1844 .
Northern Star (1837-1852), March 16, 1844, page 6, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1256/page/6/