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CHAMBERS' PHILOSOPHY REFUTED.
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THE NORTHERN STAR. S ATURDAY , JANUARY 4, 1845.
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In the Press , and will be published on Friday nest , the 10 th inst , Price Fourpence , ( forming a Pamphlet of 48 pages demy Svo . ) A FULL and COMPLETE REFUTATION of the PHILOSOPHY contained in a TRACT recently published by the MESSRS . CHAMBERS , of Edinburgh , entitled the " Employer and Employed . " This valuable little work will contain the most com . plete defence of the demands of the Working Classes for their fair share of the enormous wealth created by Machinery , as well as a justification of Trades Unions ; and wiU be prefaced by a short Dialogue between a . Factory In&nt Female Operative , her Mother , and Grandmother ; the latter of whom remembers the days of yore , before Machinery had supplanted Manual Labour . The numerous appeals that have been made to Mr . O'Connor from nearly every part of the kingdom for the publication , in pamphlet form , of those Dialogues that have recently appeared in the Star , have determined him to gratify what appears to be tho almost unanimous wish of the Labouring Classes . Heywood , 58 , Oldliam-street , Manchester ; Cleave , 1 , Shoe-lane , London ; Guest , Bull-street , Birmingham ; at the Northern Star Office , 340 , Strand , London ; and may be had of all Booksellers and News Agents in Town and Country . All News Agents in Lancashire and Yorkshire will save carriage by ordering of Mr . Heywood , from whom they will receive the Pamphlet upon the same terms as if supplied from the Northern Star Office .
Shocking Occuhhexce at Ashfohd . —The quiet village of AsMml , a short distance from Staines , lias been the scene of a shocking affair , which lias created very great sensation in the neighbourhood . So fatas the facts have been ascertained , it appears that a man named William Oliver , and his wile and family , consisting of several children , occupied a miserable cottage by the road side , near Ashford , for some time past . The woman was in the habit of vending lucifer matches , and the children were sent out to beg , these being the only means by -which the family could efee out a subsistence . The family had been in great distress , and were receiving relief from the parish of Isleworth . On Tuesday week William Oliver , one of the sons , came to a neighbour ' s house , in a state of alarm , and said that his father and mother were verv ilL and the person to whom he applied
immediately went for Mr . Richardson , the overseer , and accompanied him to the miserable hut occupied toy thefemily , where a dreadful scene presented itself—die woman lying upon the bed quite dead , and her husband , in the agonies of death , by her side . A messenger was immediately dispatched for Mr . Curtis , the medical officer of the union , and he soon attended , and did all that Was possible to alleviate the sufferings of the man , but without avail , as he expired almost immediately . The wife was undressed , and lying nearly on her face in bed . The room ' presenteS an appearance of the most wretched poverty j all the covering for the wretched parents and their children was a few rags ; there was not a chair in the apartment , and the only article in the room was an old saucepan that had apparently contained coke to warm the room . The actual cause of
this double death at present remains in mystery , but it is believed to be from the effect of poison . -The constable who was called in found a piece of paper , which contained some white powder , believed to oe arsenic , which has been taken away for medical examination , but the resulthas not yet transpired . On a further search the constable found one penny and a small quantity of bread and- bacon , which the little boy ( William ) says his father wished him to eat in the night , and awoke him for that purpose , but he would not do so . There is some reason to believe that there was an intention on the part of one or other of the unhappy deceased persons to destroy the whole family ; for another child ( Eliza ) had evidently partaken of some noxious ingredient , as she was very ill when the surgeon was called in , and exhibited all the appearance of having taken poison , although she is now out of danger , and , with her brother , in the union-house , under the care of the parochial authorities .
Tbe Poachdcg Affray at Cboome . —Death or O . sEop the Keepers . —Worcester , Tuesday , Dec . 24 . —The unfortunate gamekeeper , Thomas' Staite , who was so inhumanly beaten by poachers at Croome on the morning of the 21 st inst ., has died from the injuries received . After the operation of trepanning which was performed with great skill on Saturday , the poor fellow lingered in a hopeless condition until ten o ' clock this morning ( Tuesday ) , when death put an end to his sufferings , to which it was supposed , however , he could not have been acutely sensible , the unfortunate man ' s brain having received considerable injury . The rumour that one of the poachers had been captured proves correct His name is Joseph Turvey ; lie is a native of Pershore , in which own it is thought a large portion of the gang reside .
Shocklng Death of a Moihee ajjd Son . —York . — On Friday week great excitement was created in Walmgate , in this city , in consequence of the awfiilly sudden death of two persons , a mother and her sonthe son , asitwasreported , fromkudanumhavingbeen admininstcred to him by a man named Charles Emmerson , and the mother , from the shock her system experienced on learning the painful intelligence . The two deceased persons are John Coultate and his mother , who resided in the Black Bull passage , Walmgate . It appears that John Coultate had been drinking in the company of Enunerson and several other persons in the Clock public-house He became seriously indisposed between four and five o'clock in the afternoon , and having been conveyed home , medical , assistance was
obtained , but it was of no avail , as the poor man expired about six o ' clock . Mrs . Coultate also died about half past seven . Information of these circumstances having been given to the police , and it having been ascertained that , in the afternoon , Emmerson had purchased a pennyworth of fciudnnuni at the shop of air . Thomas Agar , druggist , of Wahngatc , inspector Bellerby , about eight o ' clock , went to Emmerson ' s lodgings in Walmgate and found hi ™ in bed . lie immediately took him into custody , and safely lodged him in the station-house , on suspicion of having administered the poison to the deceased . Inquests were holden on the bodies , when the evidence of the medical gentlemen who had made a post mortem examination of the body of the male deceased , shewed that there was no foundation for the suspicion that the deceased had been poisoned . On the contrary , death had evidently resulted irom aWtofthe bead accelerated in all probability by excessive
drunkenness . In the case of the male deceased the jury returned the following verdict -. —That the deceased ' s death was occasioned by an injury of the head , but how caused docs not appeal * in evidence . And the jury wish to express their approval of the exertions of the city police , and desire to direct their particular attention to the conduct of the landlord of theCloek public-house and the company frequentingit . At the inquest held on the body of the unfortunate mother the jury returned a verdict of—Died from the effect of excessive grief and the shock occasioned by the melancholy death of her son , John Coultate . — Emmerson was present during the greater part of the inquest . He stated that on Friday he had bought a pennyworth of laudanum at Mr . Agar ' s for the purpose of applying itto his leg , wMeh he had sprained , out he denied having taken any laudanum into the Clock public-house . On Tuesday evening Emmerson was taken before a magistrate , and discharged .
Attempied McitDEn axd SmciDE . —On Saturday week the neighbourhood of Cripplegatc was thrown into a painful state of excitement , in consequence of the discovery of a father having tried to murder his own ofispring- ^ a little girl , and afterwards attempted to take away his owu life . The particulars connected with this distressing affair are as follow : It appears that between eleven and twelve o ' clock the attention of some of the neighbours residing in Lower Whitecross-strect i was attracted to ISo . 50 , occupied by a bookseller and newsvender of the name of Flood , through hearing a violent screaming proceeding from the upper part of the house . One of the parties immediately went and knocked at the door , but reeeiving no answer , it was deemed advisable to force the door , which being done , anothernian of the name
of Dalfihin , an Italian warehouseman , rushed up stairs , and upon opening one of the room doors , a most distressing spectacle presented itself . Upon the floor was found lying ilr . Flood , apparently dying , and Ms daughter , a fine little girl , close by , screaming with all his might , and suffering the most excruciating agony . It was at once apparent that both father and daughter were suffering from the effect of some deadly poison . Messengers were therefore despatched for medical assistance . In a very brief period two surgeons arrived , and administered the stomach pump , and the usual antidotes . They were , however , unable to eradicate the whole of the poison from
the man ' s stomach , it havinir such a strong hold of the whole of the system , and , as the last resource to s ^ e lus life he was removed to St . Bartholomew ' s Hospital , where , at seven o ' clock list evening , the reporter , upon calling , ascertained that there was little hopes of the unfortunate man ' s recovery . The remedies administered to the girl had a better effect , and it is hoped that she may ultimately recover . The probable cause of the unfortunate mail making such a desperate attempt to tlestrov his own ] ife , and that of his daughter , is the following ;—A lew days since his wife died , which so pn-yed upon hisniindiliat ever since he iias bmi Hoiked to be- in an oxecediunlv low
and dcsjiiijiiHa ^ state , and he ' . as more than once been hoard t <» -ay . iiinx k- laiveu lie -Wild one day ilic by bis ovn l : auij .
== Death bt Burning . —On Thursday week a police-constable , named Ayliffe , on his beat in Greenman-lane Poplar , heard the screams of a woman , and cries of " Murder , " "Fire , " proceed from the house , No . 3 , inhabited by a person named Ellen Walsh . He endeavoured to obtain admission , but was unable to do so until he broke open the door , when the unfortunate creature ( Walsh ) fell into his arms with her garments blazing around her . Ayliffe , with , great presence of mind , threw his great coat about her person , flung her on the ground , and rolled her over and over until he extinguished the flames . She was removed to the London hospital , and death has since relieved her of her sufferings . The woman was of the class called " unfortunate , " and went home intoxicated on Christmas-night , leaving a candle burning on a chair by her bed-side , and the light communicated to her clothes .
Manchester . —Determined Suicide . —On Tuesday week Mr . Charles Swengley , landlord of the Waterloo Tavern , Cockpit-hill , put an end to his existence by shooting himself through the head . It appears that on Monday evening he went to the shop of Air . Conway , gunmaker , Blackfriars , to purchase a pistol , saying it was for a little boy to shoot sparrows . He procured one , which " he afterwards thought too small , and came back for a larger one . The nextmorning he was found by the servants lying near the fire-place of the bed-room with his head blown
to pieces . It is conjectured that he placed himself before a large glass , which stood over the chimneypiece , and discharged the pistol into his mouth . The pistol was found laying by his side . Some powder and shot were on the table , together with a piece of paper on which the unfortunate man had written a Few lines , in a rather trembling hand , declaring himself to be " broken , " and wishing to be pardoned for all his faults . An inquest was held on the body on Tuesday , when the jury returned a verdict of—Suicide under temporary insanity .
The Late Murderous Attack an-TOE Earl OF Covexirt's Keepers , at Croojie . —Yesterdayweek Superintendent Ilams , ofthePershore station , accompanied by Superintendent Petford , apprehended three . men in Pershore , suspected of having been concernedin the latal fatal affray . They are severally named Francis Dingley , Samuel Turvey , and William Brimfield . We understand that Turvey and the three other prisoners have already been convicted of poaching , and strong suspicion exists that all participated in the deplorable outrage . The inquest on Staite was commenced yesterday , and after the examination of several witnesses , was adjourned to the 7 th of January . —Worcester Herald of Saturday .
Chambers' Philosophy Refuted.
CHAMBERS' PHILOSOPHY REFUTED .
DTJNCOMBE AND THE TRADES . "There isa time to build up and a time to pull down , " saith the proverb . There is also a time for activity and a time for slumber . There is a philosophy in idleness , and wisdom in doing nothing . From the time that the busy bustle of the Parliamentary session is over , until the law-makers again meet , there is little to disturb the monotony of life , except the summer and winter assizes , the November fogs and consequent suicides , and the Christmas pantomimes . . All these interludes between the . sessions
of 1844 and 1845 have passed away , without much to distinguish them from , those of former years beyond the lamentable catalogue of crime , and consequent destruction of human life , developed at the recent winter assize ; a corresponding increase of the London fogs , and the more than usual amount o * laughter produced by the Christmas pantomimes . From the commencement of the new year to the opening of Parliament is to the Minister , and indeed to all political parties , a period of anxiety and suspense , There is doubt and hope ; doubt as to the allegiance of friends , and hope in the weakness of
enemies . The new year presents us with the opening of the French Chambers—with one of those senseless royal speeches , " made to order for the occasion ; " with the opening of the Canadian Assembly , prefaced by another semi-royal prologue ; and the opening of the American Congress , with an excessively long , though not unimportant , yarn from Mr . President Ttlek . The French Monarch appears to attach paramount importance to his personal intimacy with the Queen of England , and the many acts of kindness that he received from the people of that
country , meaning , we presume , thereb y , the attention exhibited towards him by the lacqueys who attended him at the Royal table : while the Governor-General of Canada attaches surpassing interest to the birth of a Royal Prince . In all these new year ' s gifts for royalty , aristocracy , and the middle classes , we do not recognise one single sentence , line , or word , to the advantage of the working classes ; and was it not for the " message" of Duncombe to the people of England , which will be found in our seventh page , we should have found it difficult to select a single incident cheering to the heart of Labour .
Our readers will see in Mr . Duxcombe's reply to Mr . Drurt , matter of more importance fa tbe working classes of England than the opening of all the Representative Assemblies in the world . It is true that Mr . Duxcombe dislodges us from our own hobby , the grand "Duncombe Demonstration , "butthen we are too good soldiers to be guilty of a single act of disobedience , and too well understand the importance of
following the instructions of our leader to utter a single murmur of complaint at our own disappointment . In passing , however , we may say that we did contemplate an object , and a very important one too , to be served by the proposed demonstration ; our object was to give Mr . Dcxcombe that strength , without which , to use his own words , he is deficient in that power whereby his exertions may be successful . He says— " I am oxlt strong when I represent the
ORGANISED STREXGin OF TOUR ORDER . NoW , in the above admission we fully concur ; and the object of the proposed demonstration was to convince our assembled representatives , who could not close their eyes against the importance of such an exhibition , that Mr . ' Duncombe did represent the organised strength of Mr . Drury ' s order , which is the order of Labour . It may be urged that Mr . Duncombe's
popularity , and his influence over the working classes , are admitted facts . They are facts ; but then neither the press nor the different leaders of political sections will admit them as truth . However , upon the whole we have not much to complain of , as the proposition of Mr . Dukcoube is but the postponement of the grand object which we anticipated would result from the demonstration—namely , the Trades' Delegate Conference to be held in London .
To this project we have for now nearly two years endeavoured to direct the attention of the Trades ; nor have we altogether failed in preparing the public mind for the adoption of the scheme , coming , as it now does , with the full force of recommendation , from one who has never flinched , and who pledges himself never to flinch , from the advocacy of Labour's cause . One of two results must now occur : either the Trades must meet and devise plans for the protection of Labour , or all classes of Labour must tamely submit to every infliction the present system imposes upon thorn . an < l must henceforth transfer ilioii * abuse' of
irresponsible Government and uncontrolled power oJ cajuial , to tlie apathy , subserviency , and cowardice o ! the Trades . If Mr . DcjicoMisE ' s letter is of paramount
importance , Mr . Dkurt ' s is not deficient in significance . Afr . Drurt says that he speaks as the organ of the Trades of Sheffield ; his words are— " As the Trades of Sheffield ( in common with the working classes of the country ) regard you as the veritable representative of the working millions , I feel emboldened on their behalf to request your opinion and advice upon the following subjects . " Then follows the subject upon which Mr . Duncombe's advice is sought . Hence we have the Trades of Sheffield
craving Mr . Duncombe ' s opinion through their legitimate organ ; we have that opinion clearly , explicitly , manfully , thoughtfully , and ably given ; and now the only question to be considered is , whether the Trades will Mow the advice of their friend . His opinion is asked as to how the Trades can be relieved from their present hopeless condition . He tells them how ; and should they fail to act upon that opinion , they cannot blame us if we shall henceforth call them by the name of their own adoption- " WILLING SLAVES . "
Again , Mr . Drury asks for a plan by which the Trades shall not only be prepared , and enabled to meet any legislative assault , but lie very wisely asks for a plan by which they may be enabled to meet and withstand the still more active aggressions of "THE CAPITALISTS WITH WHOM THEY ARE MORE IMMEDIATELY AND INDIVIDUALLY CONNECTED , " The above passage in Mr . Drury ' s letter , taken in connection with the following passage in Mr . Duncombe ' s reply , is incontrovertible evidence on the necessity of a Trades ' Conference , apart from any assault that Government
may meditate against the interests of their order . We have always contended that the active power of capital is a more deadly and pernicious enemy to . the working classes than the most stringent legal , enactment ; and , therefore , we are happy to find our opinions confirmed by the good sense of a practical working man , as well as by the sound judgment of a legislator . The following is Mr . Duncombe ' s opinion as to the necessity of a Trades' Conference , apart from any consideration of legal enactment . He says ,
" you may rest assured that thought in the right direction , and acted upon wisely , is all that the Trades and industrious classes require to obtain for them , not only political emancipation , but some of those practical remedies which the men of Sheffield have so sagaciously adopted . I allude principally to their pJan of restriction , to which my attention was more immediately directed during the discussions of last session upon the " Factory" and " Masters and Servants" Bills .
In order to arouse the Trades and the working classes to a sense of their duty , the herald thus sounds the warning note . He says , "As to the tactics likely to be pursued In Parliament by the representatives of wealth , from certain speeches , letters , and publications that have recently appeared , and which leave little doubt in my mind , no time should be lost by the working classes to prepare for a bold . arid vigorous stand . " Now this is a timely forewarning and , no doubt , Mr . Duncombe see 3 in the recent brutal speech of Earl Fitzwilliam , the cringing letter of Mr . Ward , and the damnable philosophy of the Chambers ' , the flash that but precedes the law ' s thunder . Again Mr . Dcncombe . says , "I know of
no course ( excluded as the working classes are from the Parliamentary franchise ) better calculated to give effect to that object , than that which you suggest , viz ., that the wise and virtuous from all paris of the empire should meet by delegation at a conference in London ; where , co-operating with the Metropolitan Trades , they shall endeavour to devise such means as shall not only obtain protection to the sons of toil from that oppression and persecution , of . which , they have so long and so justly complained , but shall also tend to disabuse the public mind of those prejudices , which I regret to see are now so industriously encouraged against every combination but that of capital and of power . " ¦ ' - ¦
. Here , then , we have reasons cogent , strong , and all-sufficient to justify us in the belief and hope that the dull , the sluggish , and slothful armour of selfi mportance will be cast from th £ body of Labour , and that the active dress of agitation will be assumed in its stead . With these extracts we conclude our comment upon these two admirable documents : much higher in importance than all the Royal speeches that have been delivered for the last ten years . We do not regret the time being changed from February to Easter , a period when , apart from essential business of their own , the cheap trips may induce
thousands to visit the metropolis , and thereby considerably unit the expense consequent upon the delegation . We trust that the letters of Mr . Drury and Mr . Duncombe will be read at every public meeting of the Trades and working classes ; and that by next week we shallhavethe pleasing duty of recording the hearty thanks and cheerful response of the millions to their chief . We have been knocked off our high horse , but , determined to have a ride , we will see if the " workies" of London cannot , without a procession , be gratified with the , company of their leader at a tea
party at the Crown and Anchor , on Monday the 3 rd of February , the night previous to the opening of Parliament . We candidly confess that we had attached much importance to the proposed demonstration , but we attach much more to the necessity of following the advice of the acknowledged leader of the people ; and therefore , in our disappointment at the blow , we shall merely say with the Irishman , — " By Shasus , your honour , but I'd rather you'd knock me down , than that another should laugh in my face !"
of the nation ; and thus triumphantly refutes the many absurd and ridiculous objections tirged by the Tory press of England against the principle of Universal Suffrage . The Pope , the Devil , and the Pretender could not have presented greater horrors to the imagination of our contemporary the Times , than Polk , the Oregon , and Texas . Nor could the great Wizard of the North , or any of our Christmas harlequins , have move magically dissolved the hobgoblinism . of the affrighted journalist , than has Mr . President Tyler dissolved this triple bugabooism . The increase of commerce , the prosperity of trade , the additional value given to Government securities , the termination
of hostilities with the India tribes , the preservation of universal peace , the ability to cope with the Queen of the Ocean , the increased facilities for the transmission of American produce , as well as for more extensive intercourse with all the other nations of the earth ; the certainty of annexing Texas to the United States without the dread of war ; the probability of settling the Oregon question without a recourse to arms , together with a prospect of completing such other measures as shall insure peace and prosperity to the New World—Mr . President Tyler ascribes the hope of being able to effect ono and all of those things to the Republican institutions by which the United States are governed .
Mr , Tyler ' s very statesmanlike method ot admimsteringthe retort courteous to the Tory press of England is dignified , masterl y ^ and unique . Of course it would be beneath the dignity of the chief magistrate of a great people to make direct allusion to those mouthing royalists , but mark how the critic lashos the hirelings . In speaking of the principles by which' the manufac turc 3 and commerce . of a country should be governed , Mi . Tyler says—Commerce and manufactures , which had suffered in common with every other interest , have once more revived j and the whole country exhibits an aspect of prosperity and happiness . Trade and barter , no longer governed by a wild and speculative [ mania , ^ rest upon a solid and subitantial footing .
No doubt Mr . Tyler had England m view when he penned the following admirable strictures upon the duties of Government . He says—The cardinal objects which should ever be held in view by those entrusted with the administration of public affairs , are rigidly , and without favour or affection , so to interpret the national will , expressed in the laws , as that injustice should be done to none—justice to all . This has been the rule upon which they have acted ; and thus , it is believed .
that few oases , if any , exist , wherein bur fellow-citizens > who , from time to time , have been drawn to the seat o government for the settlement of their transactions with the government , have gone away dissatisfied . Where the testimony has been perfected , and was esteemed satisfactory , their claims have been promptly audited ; and this in the absence of all favouritism or partiality . The go . vernment which is not just to its own people can neither claim their affection nor the respect of the world .
Mi . Tyler says , " the Government which is not just to its ownpeople , can neither claim their affection , nor the respect of the world . " How true and how applicable to our rulera is the above biting sarcasm ! And who can entertain a doubt that it was intended as a retort to the slavish English press , that preaches up the freedom of the people and daily lends its columns to the destruction of their every right ? And may it not be justly concluded , that the want of this fostering care , and the disregard of popular rights , has led to that fraternisation of kings and princes , by which tyrants hope to hold free thought in trammels , and to subjugate 'the rising genius of liberty by the sword and the cannon .
Again , what a full-length picture of our system and its consequences the President pourtrays in the following trite and undeniable paragraph . He
says—The dangers to be guarded against are greatly augmented by too large a surplus of revenue' 'When that surplus greatly exceeds in amount what shall be required by a wise and prudent forecast to meet unforeseen contingencies , the legislature itself may come to be seized with a disposition to indulge in extravagant appropriations to objects , mnny of which may—and , most probably , wouldbe found to conflict with the constitution . A fancied ex . pediency is elevated above constitutional authority ; and a reckless . and wasteful extravagance but too certainly follows . The important power of taxation , which , when
exercised in its most restricted form , is a burden on labour and production , is resorted to , under various pretexts , for purposes having no affinity to the motives which dictated its grant ; and the extravagance of government stimulates individual extravagance , until the spirit of a wild and illregulated speculation involves one and all in its unfortu . nate results . In view of such fatal consequences , it may be laid down as an axiom , founded in moral and political truth , that no greater taxes should be imposed than are necessary for an economical administration of the government ; and that whatever exists beyond should lie reduced or modified .
Those who have read our recent article upon Sir Robert Peel ' s Surplus , will have seen the striking similarity of thought that exists between ourselves and Mr . President Tyler upon this subject , while the concluding , portion of the paragraph assigns good and sufficient causes fov the debasement of the English character , the immorality and debauchery of the aristocracy , the cupidity and avarice of the mid die classes , and the consequent poverty and degradation of the poor , because
unenfranchised , people . Upon the whole we find much to congratulate the English people , who so nobly persevere in the struggle for their political rights , in the clear and comprehensive Message of the first magistrate of America . The manner in which the value of the Suffrage is laid down as the means of ensuring national prosperity , local happiness , and foreign respect and esteem , must convey to the mind of the most apathetic , the value to be attached to the-inestimable blessings of self-representation .
We long to receive the " little go " , of her Britannic Majesty upon the opening of the : approaching Session 7 and however war-ships , the cannon and the sword , her assurances of the amicable disposition of foreign princes towards her crown and person , and her tender solicitude about her subjects to be taxed , may tickle the ears and dazzle the eyes of hereditary legislators , and the nominees of landed proprietors and capitalists , yet will the national demand for
selfrepresentation break through all the tinselled and fascinating barriers that oppose it , and enable us ere long , under a Chartist Parliament , to demand from the Executive the developement of those measures , for the support of which the people are to he taxed , in the enactment of which the whole people shall have an equal share , and from the administration of which the blessings upon which Mr . Tyler congratulates his countrymen , may be conferred \ ipon our own .
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Mb . Alexander Campbell , Dundee . —We have received a letter from Mr . Campbell , containing a copy of a letter addressed by him to Mr . Clark , of the Executive , rather deprecatory of the interference of the English Chartists with the question of the Repeal of the Union ; and according to Mr . Campbell's desire , we should certainly have published his letter , had not recent circumstances determined us to take no further notice of the subject until we discovered some such change in the conduct of the leaders , as would inspire us with confidence in their sincerity , and a belief that the agitation was designed to serve some better purpose than the feeding of a set of poor idle gentlemen upon the gullibility of their enthusiastic and confiding dupes . We are willing to atone for the error into which we fell last summer in confiding in the extravagant declarations of Mr . O'Connell , while we think we stand justified in the plea that
¦ we thought it impossible that so much heartless and cold-blooded treachery could be practised by any mortal towards the brave Irish people ; however , if they prefer juggle and amusement to nationality and freedom , we have ne-Tight to complain . While , at the same time , we should have been guilty of gross dereliction of duty , had -we omitted to record our deep censure of the Governmen t prosecution of O'Connell and others ; and Mr . Campbell himself must have sufficient judgment to understand that nothing would have so much pleased Mr . O'Connell as the indifference of the English people upon a subject involving great constitutional principles : an omission of which Mr . O'Connell would have made a famous handle for the perpetration of hostilities between the people of both countries . We trust , then , our promise not to be again juggled ourselves , will furnish apology sufficient to satisfy our correspondent .
If Joshua . Stoiveh , , tailor , who lived at Asliccii-Knder-J-viiQ in 18-12 , ami went from tlicncc to Carlisle , itc , and wIkus supposed lit present to be in the neighbourhood of . Vewciistle-upon-Tyne , would communicate with James llcaton , I'iiwnbvoker , Clitiiwoe , he would hear of t-oiuulhhig to bis advantage . ]
Thomas Coopeb , Bradford . —Mr . George White collected on Christmas Day 6 s . 14 d . from the mechanics , 2 s . 6 d . bom Mr . George Bishop , and various other sums at Mr . W . Gouldsborough ' s ; J . Alderson ' s , Hope and Anchor ; and other places , for Mr . Cooper , now confined in Stafford Gaol . He despatched 13 s . 6 d . to him on Dec . 26 th , and will forward the list to the Northern Star when complete . Further subscriptions received by G . White , J . Alderson , and W . Gouldsborough . Mr . John Clakk , district secretary of the Durham and Nor thumberland Mines , desires us to say that he has received fis ., collected at the Ship , Steclhouse-lane , Biv-¦ mingham . Mb . BtACKsnAW . —It is impossible for us to post any other paper than the Star . Some postman changes it . let Fora write to the General Post Office if it occurs again . - „ _ Henry Couanson , late of Hull—The letter of December 3 rd does not contain the address . Send it , and
you will have an answer . Db . M'Douall and the Glasgow Chartists . —On Thursday morning we received several letters upon the subject of a conversation referred to in the address of the Executive of last week between Dr . M'Douall and one of the Glasgow Chartists . Our correspondents are aware that communications from individuals should be sent to the office at the latest on Wednesday . We should willingly give insertion to the correspondence referred to this week , was it in our power to do so . For tho present , however , we must content ourselves with an abstract of the points contained in each , allowing them to speak for themselves fully next week , when we shall publish them at length . Dr . M'Douall thinks the right course would have been to have
transmitted the private letter written to Mr . Clark to him for reply . He denies the accuracy of the information given to the Executive . He states that all attcmpts . to fraternise England and Scotland having failed , that he looks to the fraternisation of all nations as the best mode of securing Chartist principles . We beg to keep the essential reason assigned by the Executive for the publication of the document in question clearly in view namely , the desire to ' make it so public , as that Dr . M'Douall should have the opportunity of explaining , not to an individual , but to the public . A ! course which , in our judgment , is pre-eminently calculated to guide all parties to right conclusions . Mr . Smith , the secretary of the Glasgow Chartists , has also written upon the subject ; his letter shall appear in oui next .
Mr . Smith states that his letter , not being intended for publication , might have been written unguardedly , but that the essential facts of the correspondence are correct . He also states , that on . the 16 th of December , he wrote another , letter to Mr . Clark , mentioning circumstances which partly altered the opinions contained in his first . We have also received a letter from Glasgow , bearing the signature ' s sf Duncan Sherrington , Hobert Burrell , and James Livingstone , all of whom state that they were present at the conversation , when Mr . Kidd defended a national organization , and upon afullexplanation ; the ' difference of opinion between the Doctor and the others was not very material . They state that
Mr . Smith is a man of superior character , and that there is not one in Glasgow who exerted himself more to further and assist the mission of Dr . M'Douall . We have also a lottBr&om Thomas Whilton , chairman of the Dundee Association , in which' he states that the Doctor ' s lectures at Dundee had done much good , and regrets the publication of Smith ' s letter . All these letters shall appear in . our next , and with them the matter , as far as the Star is concerned , shall terminate . This course we eonsidop the wisest , while , if the Executive had withheld the communication , even from a private source , perhaps , we might have been dragged into a long controversy between parties amongst whom there appears to exist but a trifling difference of opinion .
Communications Withheld , —Owing to press of matter we are compelled to withhold the following communications till next week : — -Mr . O'Connor ' s letter on Mr . Duncombe ' s intended motion in the House of Commons for the Repeal of the Hate-paying clauses in the Reform BiU ; Mr . Clark ' s letter to the Chartists of Scotland ; the Address of the North Lancashire Delegates ; and the Address to the Journeymen Tailors . George Bdbt , Glasgow . — "With' every wish to publish the favours of our friend , we must decline inserting his present communication . It contains too much of blood and murder , and is too like the preceding year ' s '' retoosneet" to be suitable . Try again .
The Wat to Cube" the Messbb . Chambebs . —A correspondent writes as folloSvs : — -Would it not be strict justice to the Messrs . Chambers to try to convince them that there is some virtue in Labour Unions , by some party or person undertaking to supply the masses with literary'food from another source than the Edinburgh manufactory ? Some 20 , 000 or 30 , 000 journals sold less weekly , would , you may depend on it , sir , db much towards restoring the Messrs . Chambers to their senses . Hoping this \ yill meet with the attention of my " Order , " I beg to subscribe myself , one who used to take in " Chamber ' s . " '
Wm . Stobbinqs , Tonbridge Wells . — Inadmissible . CiPTAiu Francisco Makgabit . —In the Star of the 7 th of December appeared a paragraph , setting forth that Captain Magarit was about to proceed to Spain , and soliciting assistance from the lovers of freedom for that gentleman . The paragraph was in several particulars incorrect . Captain Margarit had intended to return to his own country , but unfavourable circumstances prevented the fulfilment of his intentions . He has not left England , nor does he intend doing so while Englishmen will afford hini a refuge against the deadly per- , secution of the tyrants who at present trample upon Spain , Captain Margarit takes this opportunity of returning his heartfelt thanks to his London friends for their sympathetic aid , and gratefully acknowledges
the following donations subscribed by them : —Received from Mr . Wheeler , 7 s . Gd . ; Somers Town Chartists , 2 s . 6 d . ; collected at the Northern Star Soiree , £ 1 7 s . ; from other London Chartists ( locality not remembered ) , per Mr , Wheeler , 7 s . All letters for Captain Margarit to be addressed to the care of Mr ; Julian Harney , 17 , GreafWindmill . street , Haymarket , London . Shocking Death of Mb . Lomax , the Miners ' Lecturer , and anoiher Miheb We have rnseived the following painful communication , to ^ tho latuiL part of which , affecting the relatives of poor Lomax , wo beg to request tlie special attention of the officers of the Miners ' Association ; hoping , ' at the same time , that the Miners will do their duty to the widow and children of poor Valentine , :
Radcliffe , December 31 . —The two persons whom you noticed in your last as being severely burnt by an explosion of fire-damp , in Mr . Grundy's Colliery , are both dead . Peter Valentine died on the 28 th ult . He has left a wife and eight children to mourn his loss . John Lomax died this day ; he has left an aged widowed mother , and some young brothers , ' . of whom lie was the chief support . He was a strong advocate of teetotalism , an honest Chartist , and a sincere champion of tha Miners' rights . I understand that there are a tew pounds due to him of his salary as Colliers' lecturer , in Staffordshire . If the same could be paid it would be thankfully received by his disconsolate and doubly . widowed mother . —Richabd Hameb , Thomas-street , Radcliffe- bridge , near Manchester . . *^ —
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Extensive Baw Robbery in Paris , — Narrow Escape of an Ixxocent Man . —The cashier of one of the public companies in Paris has just been ' . arrested on a charge of robbing his employers of 30 , 000 f . The case is rather a remarkable one , as showing the narrow escape of an innocent man . The desk of the cashier had been broken open , and the above sum , out of oO . OOOf . that it contained , was abstracted . The cashier made his declaration to tlie police , and the porter of the establishment , having a key of the room , was suspected . He was arrested , his lodging was searched , and in it was found a chisel corresponding exactly with tlu > marks on the desk where it had been forced . The poov fellow , however protested his innocence energetically , and entreated
the police to visit the lodging of the cashier before they committed hun to prison . Although no suspicion was entertained of the cashier , this was done but nothing was found to criminate him . Subsequently the police , having ascertained that his mode ot living was beyond his means , he was interrogated , and then confessed that he had stolen the money , and had adopted the means resorted to in tlie act in order to cause it to be believed that the robbery had been ettected by some other porswi . He stated that he had taken the money to Maisous Lafitte , and there buried it , ijiit on going to the spot with the police no money was Wind . _ The prisoner persisted in asserting that lie had buried it there , and said lie must have been seen doing so by some person , who had since removed it .
Extensive and- Destructive Tire in Dumfries —On the morning of Wednesday last , 25 th of December , the extensive premises occupied by Messrs . Beck and Son , coachbuilders here , with their dVeuW house , were entirely consumed by fire . It may be stated that the premises front English-street , in which the dwelling-house was situated , and run bac k a considerable way towards New Market-street ; they consisted of workshops , storehouses , where varnish , turpentine , paints , and other inflammable materials were kept , and several large rooms , both on the ground floor and in the upper stories , filled with carriages and gigs of various descriptions , both new and old . When the alarm was given , and an entrance was effected to the premises , it was found that the fire was raging in a ' part of the building on tlie
west side , near New Market-street , lately occupied by Mr . Greig as a riding-school . The engines wens soon on the spot , and a supply of water procured in carts , while numbers of persons soon collected , able and anxious to assist in putting down the fire . It was accordingly proposed to cutoff the part of the building on fire from the other premises , if possible , and thus prevent it spreading farther ; but before any measures could be taken to effect tills desirable object , it was discovered that the centre part of the buildings , in which various combustible materials were kept , was also on fire ; and soon afterwards the fire was seen proceeding from tlie garrets of the dwelling-house . The destructive element , proceeding from so many different points , spread with such rapidity , that it soon became evident that the Messrs . Beck ' s premises could not be saved ; and the atfen . tion of those present was directed towards the preservation of the adjoining houses , as well as to the
stock and furniture m the burning buildings . In both of these objects the efforts made were successful , for although one small house adjoining was actuall y on fire , the flames were got under without much damage , while nearly the whole of the Messrs . Beck ' s furnitiireand a number of vehicles on the ground floors were saved . There are strong reasons for believing that the fire was not accidental , but wilfully produced . It broke out in several different places at or about the same time ; and a wood shed on the cast side of the premises , which was not burnt down , contained strong evidence that the hand of an incen . diary had been there at work . Among the buildings consumed is tho large show-room , in which Mr . O'Connor lectured the last time he was in Dumfries , when Parson Mackenzie , the Non-Intrusionist , so shamefully withheld the key of the Assembly Rooms , Assembly-street , after they had been engaged by the Chartist committee , and in defiance of his own manager , who had let the place for the occasion .
Execution op Mary Gallop , the Parricide . — Chester , Saturday . —The anxiety of all classes to ascertain the fate of tins woman was , until a late hour last night , great in the extreme ; for though , in the estimation of those capable of judging in such a matter , the petitions forwarded from this city for a mitigation of punishment were calculated to enforce the necessity of carrying the utmost rigour of the law into effect , rather than call for the exercise of that mercy to which they professed to appeal , yet it was considered that , under all the circumstances of the ease , a respite , at least , might have been expected . The document miscalled a " confession" of the miserable girl had no claim to that character ; it was , as Mi . Rowe , a Dissenting minister , who assisted in " getting it up , " has admitted , composed from a
series ot "leading" questions , to which the culprit merely replied : by the monosyllables "Yes" and "No , " while the questions themselves were inserted as her spontaneous avowals . Such serious matters should be superintended by better qualified persons than those whose zeal prompted interference on this occasion . But though suspense in tlie humane hope that capital punishment would not be inflicted thus prevailed , the authorities at the Castle were relieved of all doubt on the subject , by a communication received from Sir J . Graham on Thursday last , stating , that after due investigation of all the points urged in favour of tlie prisoner , together with tlie evidence adduced at the trial , it was deemed inconsistent with the duty of Government to arrest the course of law in this case , and the necessary preparations for
execution were accordingly made . The shock produced by the appaUing'intelligence was at the moment distressingly great ; but she soon rallied , and resumed the same calmness , almost' amounting to indifference and reservedness of manner , for which she had previously been so remarkably distinguished . As , in accordance with custom , the prisoner had to be removed to the city gaol , on the walls of which the dismal apparatus of death was erected , a short time after midnight Mr . Hill , the superintendent of police , proceeded to'the Castle . and produced an order for the delivery of the prisoner into his custody , and the wretched girl soon appeared , kindly supported by ; . Mrs .,, Bennion , the matron , to -whom , she . clung as if dreading the moment of separation . The matron , having placed a thick veil over the head
and shoulders of her unfortunate charge , resigned her to . those who were to form her escort , and she was lifted into a , small chaise cart . Mr . Rowe , the Dissenting minister , took Jus seat on her left-hand , at her especial request , and police-sergeant Dolierty sat on her right ; and thus , with a number of policemen on ^ each side , Mr . Haswell , the governor of the city gaol , and Mr . Hill , walking behind , she proceeded slowly onward through the silent streets . On arriving before the city gaol the gibbet suddenly met her view , and all her fortitude seemed to forsake her . It was with difficulty that she was saved frbin falling brward , and when the cart stopped she was so utterly helpless that Mi \ Hill took her in his arms and carried her up stairs . She was taken to a room , in which the matron and the wife of the governor
awaited her , and immediately paid her the kindest attentions . At about half-past eleven o ' clock this morning the prisoner was led between her two female attendants to the chapel , where prayers were offoved up , after which the sacrament was administered by the Rev . Mr . EatOn , the chaplain of the gaol ; during the whole of which the unhappy prisoner seemed overwhelmed by the sense of her dreadful situation . She was soon afterwards re-conducted to the apartment she had left , where a short time was , a < rain devoted to prayer . But the . awful moment was then % t approaching ; the executioner entered and pinioned her amis as she sate , and , finding her ! quite
incapable of standing , she was earned in a chair and placed under the fatal beam . The cord was quickly adjusted ; her spiritual teachers uttered their parting words of consolation ; the executioner asked anu obtained her pardon ; shook her hand with all the kindness he could assume , ' and left her ' alone upon the scaffold . The next instant the bolt was drawn , and then the . awful , plunge—the mortal stniL'srle ( which , in consequence of the little fall afforded by ficr sitting posture , was of frightful duration)—the equally appalling stillness that succeeded , when the convulsion of the countenance and the quivering of the limb announced that suffering was at an end , — and all was over .
Poisoning in France . —A trial in a case of poisoning occupied the Court Of Assize of the Haufc Pyrenees on the lTth , 18 th , and 19 th inst . Tlie prisoner was a woman named Chambriet , the wile of an innkeeper at Bonnefont . It appeared from the evidence that the husband and wife had been living for a long-time on very bad terms , in consequence of the vicious courses of the latter , and that she had repeatedly threatened to destroy him . One of her lovers declared that she had told Mm in plain terms that she intended to poison her husband , but , upon his expressing himself In terms of warm indignation against so horrible a project , she left him under the impression that she had abandoned it . Subsequently to this , however , she purchased some arsenic and administered it to her husband in his soup . ' lie was taken very ill , but an offimv d& sanu w ; i 3 called in , and . by liis treatment , although he was ignorant that poison had been administered to the husband ; thelatter was so relieved as to be out of danger . On this
occasion lus wife appears to have had some remorse ot conscience , for medical aid was applied . for by herself ; but the return to bettor feelings was of short duration , fov before tlie husband was in a fit state to leave his bed she gave him another dose of arsenic , and it was with the greatest difficulty that the curS of the commune , who called and saw the victim , could induce her to send for a physician . Before the physician could ' arrive , the husband was dead . Tho wife being accused of the crime by public rumour , tho authorities interfered , arrested the woman , and had the bod y of the deceased examined . Large quantities of arsenic were found in it , and in his pocket was found a paper containing some of that poison . ' This , it was proved , had been placed there bv the wife , in order to lead to a belief that he had purchased the arsenic himeelf , and committed suicide . She was found guilty , butthejury , being opposed to cap ital punishment , returned their verdict with extenuating circumstances . She was , therefore , sentenced to imprisonment for life , with hard labour . ' '
Confession op a Murderer . —During the last few days William Kendrew , the murderer of Mr . "t Inchbald , of Low Dunsforth , near Boroug hbridgf * under the instruction of the Rev . Thomas Button , the chaplain at the Castle , has exhibited a gwatfj degree of penitence than might have been expectwafter the indifference he has manifested since I " conviction . Last week he caused a letter to uo written to his friends , in which he stated that he was innocent of the crime , but on Thursday last lie ma " a verbal confession to Mr . Sutton , of which the . »^ lowing is the purport : —He stated that a fort "' p" * before the murder , Mr . Inchbald had thmitcncd » have him transported for poaching before the exP " ration of three months . ' in consequence of which . " ^
( kendrew ) on the 28 thof September , lay mwaitw « - Mr . Inchbald , and having arrived at the place described at the trial fired and hit him in the bacKi Mr . Inchbald then turned round , when Konuitrff discharged the second barrel , and wounded lum m the left arm . Not being satisfied with this , he went up to the unfortunate manwhilst he > was lying on tic ground , and struck him with the butt end ol the gun . lh : Inilibald then , although so" seriously wounded , got up and followed Kowdreir , who iminwliatcly went Into tho fields and haw no more ot the deceased , The culm-it asserted that he had no intention ol robliiiio- Mr . [ iieJibald , ; but that he had committed tho deed entirely out of ' revenge for the threat which he hail used towards him . — Fork JIaxtld .
SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE . More Shjfwkecks .-Late on Sundav night week a schooner , the Minerva , belonging to St . Ives wundered off St , Eval ' s Head . She was laden with copper ore from Wales , and a heavy gale springing up onthenightprevious , shesprungaleak , and although the pumps were worked , the water so rapidly gamed upon them in the hold that the crew , for the preserration of life , took to the boat , and witbin a quarter of an hour afterwards she ^ nk mto deenjaten On Sunday a shipwreck , very marly atteiuled with themost lamentable results , happened on the ^ asto 1 Ennismore , Ireland , to theLadvGwec , aschoonei , bekm"in" to Kilrush . She was from Glasgow , run-Sg S tLlport , when , by woo «^*? gft was driven bv a north-easterly gale upon a reef of r ^ SSoTlIinehead . afcwiui csfi-omEnnismore necrewwerc lashed to the nggmg and after great difficultyweresaved , andgotashore EarlyouMonday morning a fine new barque , called the Taegar , Captain Re ^ dington master , belonging to Liverpool , was wreched on tlie Blackwater Bank . There being much wind from ihe eastward , and much surf among the breakere , the crew took to the boats , and succeeded in reaching the shore in safety . The week lies in a most dangerous position , and there is no doubt will shortly go to pieces . A large Prussian steamer , named the Prince , is announced 1 a be wrecked near MongCHOk . She is valued at £ 17 , 000 , but there is no knowing as yet whether any lives are lost .
In the course of Christinas-day a small vessel , supposed to be named the Joseph , is reported to have been lost , with- all hands , at the back of Pendennis Castle , a large quantity of wreck having been found washed up on the beach . Other two vessels are lost , the Helen ( William Miles ) , of London , and the Wua rod , of Aberdeen , both wrecked on the northern coast . Tlie ship Francis , of Liverpool , Captain Shap , sunk in Mumble Bay in October last , having a valuable cargo of copper ore from Valparaiso , bound to Swansea . The crew of the American liner , Elizabeth , wrecked a few weeks since , and who were supposed to have perished , it is now ascertained were picked up and all saved .
MR . PRESIDENT TYLER'S MESSAGE . The practice of saying less than nothing in those royal speeches by which our Houaes of Parliament are annually opened , has been variously commented upon . The old maxim " Vir sapit qui pauca loquitur "— " the man is wise who speaks but little "—has , we presume , given rise to those very meagre royaj prologues with which the national farce of legislation is annually preceded . In a country like England , where taxation upon the many for the benefit of the
few surpasses all other nations upon earth , her people , who are to pay those taxes , might veryfraturally expect such a bill of fare as would satisfy them that the banquet to be paid for was one in which those who were to discharge the bill were to have some share . Indeed , we have always thought that every measure , Jsuch as Coercion , Starvation , Masters' and Servants' Bills , Arms Bills , and the like , should be referred to in the royal speech , in order that the people might have an opportunity . of knowing the extent and value of those measures which they are called upon to support .
The perusal of Mr . President Iyijcr s Message to the American Congress may give us some notion of the reasons whymonarchsare in general so very brief upon political topics ; and any one who reads the admirable Message of the American President , will discover the great advantages that a Republican form of Government possesses over all others . True , it is long , but the various matters therein discussed are one and all of national importance , and such as should not be withheld from the knowledge of those whose interests are mainly involved in the several questions . Instead of devoting the first portion of his Message to the gratifying intelligence that " he
continues to receive the most friendly assurances from all foreign powers , " the Chief Magistrate of a free people commences by directing public attention to those free institutions by which all foreign powers are compelled to pay rospect and homage to the united voice of a people who are all equal in the eye of the law , and all equally represented in the constitution . It is that portion of the President ' s Message to which we would direct the especial attention of our readers , because , from its perusal , they wilj receive the best answer to the many charges and lamentations of the Tory ' press of England , against the means resorted to to procure a fair representation of the national will in the person of Mr . Polk .
When Mr . President Iylkb speaks of one of the most important questions submitted to Congress—tho annexation of Texas—lie boldly defends his own policy upon the subject , by reminding Congress that lie has appealed irom the decision of the Senate to t 4 ie voice
v MONIES RECEIVED BY MR . O'CONNOR . FOE EXECUTIVE . £ s . d . From a few female friends , Dundee .. .. 0 3 C From the Chartists of Penzance , per J . P . O'Brien 0 10 0 THOMAS COOPEK . From 6 . C , Sheffield , per Mr . West ., .. 0 10 DCNCOMBE TESTllIOXIAL . From a few Chartist friends at Stokesley , per William Hebdon 0 10 0 RECEIPTS PER GENERAL SECRETARY . SUBSCRIPTIONS , s . d . s . a . Stratford ( six weeks ) 1 6 Camberwell 16 Alva ( three months in Longton 6 0 advance )* 9 G CARDS . Tillicoultry 3 0 Colsnaughton 3 0 Alva 4 0 DONATIONS , John Gideon , Barnard John Vrrathall . 10 Cattle .. 1 0 Todniorden 9 0 All localities who are indebted for cards or subscriptions are requested immediately to transmit the same , as the Treasurer has a heavy bill for printing , which must be immediately discharged . It is also requested that the localities furnish themselves with the Registration and Account Book ( price four shillings ) , ordered by the late Convention , as the Executive have experienced a heavy outlay in procuring them to be printed . THOMAS M . WHEELER .
The Northern Star. S Aturday , January 4, 1845.
THE NORTHERN STAR . S ATURDAY , JANUARY 4 , 1845 .
— -j- ^ gSggggggggi 2 ^ January 4 , 1845 THE NORTHERN STAR- : _
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 4, 1845, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1296/page/4/