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UNITED STATES . " " , fi satiosii- BEyoRu coxvsszhk for tee purpose " OF 0 R 04 SISIS& AS IXDUSTIUAL COXOBESS . this Convention met , puresaat to the call , at Cro-[ an llaM . on the morning of the 5 th of May . There fae about thirty persons present as delegates from an dred societies . The meeting was called toorder by Alvin E . Bovay 0 &tm of thejtfational iteform Association ; and % r the appointment of L . W . Ryckman , as chairit
jaau « w ** n ., was resolved that all persons who j $ & to take part in the proceedings of the Con-^ ntios , might do so upon giving in their names to th e secretary . ^ Mesas . Evans , Boray , Pearson , Wilson , and Aliafcen were appointed a committee to nominate officers sad prepare ralesfor the Convention . Mesas . Parke Godwin , Ryckman , Bovay , Tkorntaren , an * JMooa were .-routed a committee to ( i- pBrtiesolttfaona . The Convention then adjourned , to meet at two .. a ., when toe conundtee reported the following gentl emen as officers of the Convention : —
, 1 . D . Pearson , of New York , President . L J&&W 1 ' » f Br ° <* Farm ; John Spcakpais . Pjcdaddpnia ; J . D . Tkoraburgh , of Pittsburgh - F- C ^ Treadwell , of Brooklyn ; Ransom Smith ! of Sew lork , Vice Presidents . L ^??? e V ?«^ "ek , L . I . ; G . W . Rob . fe oi Holhdaysbnrga , Pa . ; Dr . dewberry , of Sew York . Secretaries . The nominations were carried unanimouslv riSKE Godwk , from the committee en resolutions reported a series of resolutions . Mr . Godwin sup otted the resolutions b
p y a few pertinent , thou gh rather general remarks . Ue said that the time had come when men should meet together with an eve angle to the good of all-not to build np this church cor that creed , but to establish a universal church , embracing all , and having for its object the elevation ofjoor , fallen humanity . And , although he might differ with tiie majority of the persons present , yet all who aspire to a better state , and who strive to ameliorate the condition of their fellow men , though differing somewhat in creed , liave something in eommon .
Mr . Allabek , delegate from the Anti-Renters of Delaware county , was then introduced by the President . —My fellow citizens . 1 am a member of the ^ Equal Rights Society of Middletown and Roxburv i us Delaware county , and 1 assure you that the d " e ^ pocrats of the inland counties sympathise with you byour great movement ; and that you may understand the peculiar views of the equal rights men of Delaware , and learn to sympathise with them , it will ha my privilege , as their representative here , to explain them to you , and show in bold relief the grievances under which they labour : thev are opposed to the present leasing system of this state , for it is a « die of the old feudal ages , when the few ground the masses to the earth , with the iron heel of oppression ;
it is anti-democratic , for it places the tenantry , who constitute the great bodv of the population , entirely at the mercy of the landlord . For instance , suppose some poor fellow , an honest and industrious tenant , Aould , after years of peroevcring industry , which had doubled the value of his farm , be prostrated on a bed sfsiciuicss , or his land , by the visitation of Provi dence , rail to yield its annual supply , and he be unsWe to meet his rent , what is the consequence ? Why the landlord can re-enter , and the poor tenant be stripped of the labour of years , for the improvements «> ~ iUi the land . This , however , is not tho worst aspect of the case , nor the one of which we most complain . In Delaware and some other counties , land is hcldbj a tenure differing somewhat from the
ordinary—it is commonly called the one generation lease . In these leases are reserved to the proprietors of the laud all mines and mining privileges , all mill scats 23 d mill privileges which may be upon the soil ; conscqucnily , if a farmer who Mills one of these leases is so unfortunate as to discover upon his farm a . mine of any description , his farm may be riddled through and through by roads to the mine if it suits the landlord , and the poor tenant has no redress ; another flung , one third of the sale money of . the farm improvements must lie given to the * landlord—let me explain : if a tenant ' s lease is nncxpired and he vislies , for instance , to move west , he may , upon witon permission , under seal from his landlord , transfer the remainder of his lease to another , and
sell to lam his improvements , but the landlord uuuer the terms of the lease is entitled to onethird of t !» e money for such improvements . I would , however , remark here , that aU the leases do not say one-tYird part , some say one-fourth , one-fifth , and so m . To sum up , the terms are these—twenty bushels of wheat to the landlord per one hundred acre ' s of land , iiCTCss and egress all mines . millseats , &c ., with sufficient laud about them ; and one-third of the purchasemoney for the tenant ' s improvements—all to the landlord—and for all this the tenant has kind permission to till the soiland breathe the nil- of heaven And would you know the arguments the landlords give when they are asked if it is not unjust to crush their fellow men to the earth in this way ? You
ought to pay , because you agreed to pay , and because voumast pay ; this is what they say , and when the lessee- dies , the land reverts to his lord , the owner . But , fellow-citizens , the democracy of old Delaware hare determined that the land there shall never revert to ile landlord without consideration . ( Cheers . ) And for taat particular purpose the Delaware Equal Rights Soeiety was founded . I have never bowed the km- to a privileged class of men , and I never will The landlords are a privileged class . In the first place he is his own witness in swearing out a writ to dfstrain for rent , and if the poor tenant believes that landlords ought to collect their debts like other people , he iia 3 no remedy but to replevin , and thus the matter , after lonsdelay and much expense , comes
for the first time before a jury , who then decide , wrhaps a vear after the tenaut has paid the money alleged to be due , if the landlord was warranted in distraining . They have precedence of all other classes of creditors : for instance , and I will suppose tlic stfov . i » st case—a tenant borrows of a neighbour a aan of money ; this neighbor , desirous of assisting his friend , and yet wishing to secure himself , takes a mortgage for theamount on the goods and chattels of the borrower—he has it recorded regularly , and thinks ueissafe ; butno inamoraeiit , in the twinkling of an eve , down comes the Lui'iloru . likc a Lawk , with a uistfainer for rent in Ms pocuet , and sweeps all away Again , suppose a tenaat borrows of ^ neighbour sonic farminginiplements to use fora few days ; woe betide
Mm , and lik poor neighbour ' s plough ; if Ms landlord has an execution against him that omnipotent instrument covers all , and away they go to sacrifice . The landlords obey pretty faithfully one commandment , to multiply and replenish the earth , but they arc entirely oblivious of the other—to get their bread by the sweat of their brows . They think the tenantry can keep that conaiandment for them . The tenantry of Delaware arehonorable men , and they would notask ct do what they consider wrong , and jet their minds are mllyniade up to abide by the p rincipleof anti-rent throughgood and evil report Mr . Rtcksus , of Brook Farm , then addressed tie fteciing . He said that from a careful investigation of the faculties which God Las bestowed upon man ,
aid his capacity for happiness , he had arrived at the conclusion that all the misery which we see and which may occur , arises solely from obstructions p laced between tie material elements aad u-mu Oar laws are all calculated to pra := ^ t « monopoly ; the ? are unequal , and consequently unjust . The sauic j » riuciples oi monopoly , force ai : < l fraud , which characterises the British government , cLarac'crise < mr own to a great extent . The great evil aput : u •> ti » be that flie masses , the productive classes , are in a thousand wavs taxed and impoverished without adequate representation . They arenottaxed , asit were , directly , but by accumulated machinery and accumulated capital , \ r : iich crush the very form of humanity out of tlieworkiusr classesaud it becomes usnowtostand
, ep for the right . "We have to organise for a revolu tion peculiar , in its character , and our means must be peculiar . A plan for an Industrial Congress will be submitted to you in the course of the deliberations cf lie Convention , which , 1 trust , will meet the views of a'J . If oar plans for the melioratioH of man succeed , we trill want no custom-house , no navy , no aiitt ? , nor any such thing—all men will be kind , courteous , and good , and everything be blessedness and peace . We would repeal all naturalisation lavra , aud imfce die elective franchise depend upon no useftl iuduit : ' ? . He who could prove that he was uscfullv cio ;>! .: vcd . might rote , and none others .
ilr . Et £ S 3 , the editor of louiw Jmenca , then addressed tie meeting . After saying that , as almost all crone v . ; tk some favourite reform , it would be nettssjry , ra order to effect anytUin&to discuss tup r srious Vuins faMy , andcadeavouT , as mucli aspossi-» fc , Jo cuvt each other's views , and then decide what « f « m , if ray , could be carried to the ballot-box , lie ^ d tiia : the National Reform Association maintained flat the possession of the public domain by the people vv indispensable to the national prosperity aud glory , ^ a that * to carrv out this plan of salvation , they *«« elect niemfiers of CoEsrress thoroughly impveg taied Vi&tlie doctrine . " _
. & . Toss , delegate from the Social Reform So-Cl « y tk-u addressed the delegates .
ETEMXG SHSSIOX . f « i aoaits was delivered bv Parke Godwin , on the s % tt of labour . * „ „ . - ««« -ed Mi carried , that A . Brisbane , L . IV . Ryck-*** . & 3 . Davis , A . G . Rudolph , F . C . TrcadweD JJW Aaro" Kiine , be a committee on an Industrial ( . ocsms . Mcveo and carried , that Win . H . Ghanning , Geo . « : Evans , Mr Moon , G . W . Robbing , Parke Godw 'n , and Daniel Foster , be a committee to prepare ^ Address . Adjourned till next morcbig at ien o ' clock .
TL SECOSD BAT . lie morning session was consumed in desultory di ^ usaons . . to the afternoon , the President in the chair , the ^^ resolutions were offeredby 3 Jr . Ryckman : — That this Convention gratsfiilly , deeply , and earnestly Pt * Wa 4 totS > e subSme resolve of theLowdl Convention
™^ z i . tst £ s ^ £ B fes r'ss . ^^ a ss ^ as = aies 5 « S £ E After some remarks from Mr . Rvc ^ man in snn port of the resolutions , they were ^ dopKnSf mously , and the Convention adjourned tomik the evenmg at half-past seven o ' clock
. . The Convention met accordinglv , and the follow » g resolutions reported by Mr . Godwm yesK after some debate , were adopted :- J * " ^ . That we recognise the doctriue of-tne inherent dignity ja ttsK-scr ¦•* Kr : * " ^ sssasa . tss ss £ zszsts : s # zzz Sn L > Kt mCaaS ° pcrfectinS &e so ^ O'Bani-That the cadsting form of civilisation has been wrought out by tiie slow and toilsome lalwurof an enslaved and oegraded race , and that from the outset of humanity upon this earth until the present slavery has existed , though constantly changing its form , and that such are ' the inevitable tendencies of modern soeiety at this moment that the many are more and more subjected to the few
. That the equality of men hefore society and the State is the theory of the institutions Of this countrv , but that this equality has never yet been realised , and fa removing more and more fiom a condition of realisation , and so long as the masses continue in their existing state of separatam , incoherence , and antagonism , there will he no end to the perpetuity of human bondage . That every man , bvthe fact that he is feorn into the world , is endowed with certain inalfenanfe rights , among which are the right to life , and under the law , " do unto others as ye would they should do to you , " to the unrestricted use of his liberty , a right te the use of the material elements necessary to the support of life , and a right to the complete and integral development of all his faculties , physical , intellectual , and moral
That the right of niauldnd to the son . is evident from the Scriptures , from the nature of man , from his inability to exist without it , aud from the deleterious effects which eighteen centuries of wrong have sho « ii to he the result of societies which do uot recognise this rights and that we consider the great Mure of governments to provide for the wants of all their citizens to have originated mainly in their neglect to guarantee to the race , gencrallv their rights to the land . air . Bovajr then offered a resolution , stating in effect tkat as national Refovmere tbev would use the DrincipaLagent of the State , the ballot box , as a means of effectingdevationand progress . Mr . Bovavsaid that the National Reform Association was political in its character , aud in order that this association may co-operate with others , it mutt resort to tk ballot box .
# Mr . BHisniXE , the apostle of A ^ ociati&n , v , as then uitroduced by the President , aud spoke nearlv as follows : —Ibis is a Convention called to raise ' the working classes , who now cla ' ua a chance beneath God ' s sun to assert their inherent dignity . When a movement is commenced it behoves men to know of what they are talking , to understand fullv the nature of their grievances , and seek for an intelligent mode of reform . What do the labouring classes want ? They want justice eternal , everlasting iustice and nothing else . They desire happiness and intelligence to emerge from their present degraded state to the position which God has destined they should occupv What is the error we have to strik ' e down ? False politics aud oae-sided legislation that it 13 ; and that
, jackall , the law , the minister of the error , which is crushing the toiling niqiiocs . ( Cheers . ) With hellish impiety the myrmidons of evil call on God to bless and sanctify—the pale-faced hypocrites!—the very means which they use to knead ' down the blood and bones of their fellow-men . There are in the United States two thousand presss , controlled by commerce , politics , and the law , which have but one object and aim—to deceive tiio millions ; and it is no wonder that the working men are so blinded to their own good when they receive as gospel , dav after day , the doctrines ai . u assertions of their bitterest eueuiies . There is another thing which the toiling masses have to contend with : it is the commercial and industrial feudalism which 13 forming , and 1
which will absorb ahthings—the soil , the workshops , and even the implements of industry . We see this state of things making rapid strides in Engiaud , where the mechanic works from fourteen to sixteen hours a-cay , locked up in a room where even the windows are closed , that the light of day may not cuter . In Lovrell we see it , where six thousand girls , the daughters of freemen , are sweating out their lives , that a few rich pious Boston gentlemen may amass fortunes . \ Vc sec in all this a feudalism like that of the dark ages . Wealth is the god of our day , awl its acquisition the chief end of life . All are striving for it ; and in the . straggle society is torn aud convulsed—selfish , narrow , and fiendish ' feelings engendered—for the motto of all is , " The devil take
the hindmost ; " , instead of a lieavenlr harnionv , making it " aluxury to bo , " jarring dkcord so \ vs disunion and misery into the hearts of all . Sow , what is to done ? We must organise to stop the progress of this feudalism , and that is the only true method . Again free competition , or false envious rivalry , is another great obstacle of social and political advancement . It separates the labouring classes from each other , sets trade against trade , and paves the way for the utter subversion of everv kindly and benevolent feeling . It arrays the famished artisan of one land against the starring operative of another—it prolongs the hours of labour—it cuts down the price of industrial products , and will bring down the working man of our
owncountry tothelevelof the European serf . Monopolised machinery , a terrible engine of oppression , is yet another impediment to progress . It wars with the fearful enerey of iron and brass with the bones and sinews of labouring men . The present false and outrageous system of commerce h the bloodsucker of industry . ( Cheers . ) The merchants are nothing more or less than the vampires extracting from the producing classes at least one half of the products of thcirlabour . Conunercealsoadultc-mtesthearticlesof consumption—poisons them as they pass thruugh her hands , and by the force of monopoly creates at will i plenty or scarcity in the land . The scourgexs of the ! world in our day are not kings and priests , as in I the olden time , but the merchant and the broker .
The fourth great principle with which we have to contend is the divorce of labour and capital : they arc twin brothers , and should be united . Capital is only the accumulated products of past labour , and the labour of the past and present should be brought into co-operation . This unnatural divorce produces , like other evil principles , hatred and sorrow in society ; but what does the capitalist care so long as he accumulates the almighty dollar . He will iay deliberate plans to murder hi s fellow beings with lingering tortures , by building dungeons . , types of the chriotian ' s hell , " where every foul disease is engendered , for them to work in—where life is ground out of humanity amidst the jar asd crash of machinery . And while the capitalist lives in a luxurious palace ,
with everything about lam that can satisty the most fastidious " taste , the j : ocr operative crawls to his unhealthy hovel , after a hard day ' s work , to rest for a few hoars his aching head , with nothing to console him or make him take lieart . To him life is a wary load ; and were it not for Lis pale . , sickly wife aud puny , lialf-faraislied progeuy , lie would long to be where ths wicked cease i ' loui troubling , and the weary are at rest . But tliere is £ tl ! l another great principle which rears its evil front between the working classesand their redemption—it is dm leaishthn . Legislation is in the hands of a privileged tew—the mer chant , the politician , and the lawyer ; and they combined , control almost every press in the United States . The lawyers—quibbling , narrow-minded lawrer = — are all that is bad . And so much the slaves of precedent are they , that they carry out hell , because the Constitution says so . We
must take out of their hands the legislation ot the countrv , and put it into the hands of productive industry ! ( Cheers . ) The Boston Pharisees make their hands work fourteen hours a day , and after exacting this , go to church and bless God they arc not as other men . A savage in the American wilderness , ferocious as he appears , would not do it . ( Cheers . ) When I was in Lowell , and saw the pale , sorrowful girl bending wearily over her task , I thought I would rather go to the hell the Christians tell of than work tliere . All of what are called the great meh of this country—Clay , Webster , Calhoun , Van Buren , &c . — support these iniquitous principles , and the multitude bow down to the might of their intellset . ^ Now , what have we to oppose to these evil princi p les 5 "fl e must oppose to false competition and envious rivalry , cooperation and combination among the worldng classes . Without this there is no union — eo brotherhood among the labouring many . The next great pna-
gs-ssLsa ^ jsAftaa ffi -wssA aC-SAt ESoffiSv * " !' aUw 1 ! 1 ta ^ wSd hS Sl ^^ SI riSte w , ? , m 80 d ; the f are the fundamental rights , because they are the rights of existence ( Cheers . God made the worldanlnKf £ ? S « 1 cinle which we must n , ™ ,, „„„ : « . * * ,,. _
. . "nil n » i „ .. V V . •""¦'"> » uu au mill IS IHtTUill , U Sd&l ? ' ° f men ' llas a l'ight t 0 monopolise riAfSSf * . * " ? P each that they have a Ltfo JmK r per y 1 S ? ywtgisnntie ftaul aud it dom Tttm 38 re ( H the working cla 8 S <« ^ serf-$ 5 ri , SfJJP i ldIast ? reat Principle » the right ot legislation based upon tie interests of production we S entp 0 U ^ W nf t f HPoaits ruins a beautiful superstrucm A - > Just « aud legislation ; ( Cheer * SeWXTifft"" * "'« we cW out ouJ oojects i the ballot-box is a priniarv means and then we . must establish presses " The iSSfS this country is almost omnipotent , and we must endea vour to secure such an influence in it as will enaUn usto MuU effectively our prindpfe K spheres of agriculture , commerce . &ndmLnh » t ™ Z
are open to us . and we can do much to advance 0 « r cause if we use them judiciously to that end The existing system Of polities is the great prostitute 0 ? the nineteenth century . My soul is sfck with tho eternal whine and cant of every-day politicians and if you wish to succeed in your endeavours yoSS first of all cut loose from them , and establgfi for yourselves an Industrial Congress . ( Ireniendous ap-5 &V n ^ Congrei ? ? have for its ob J * e good of all , the cause of universal justise ; it will aH serve as a head , a rallying point for the working classes . It wiU , in a word , be the living law of the masses . Mr . Brisbane then advised an adjournment of all questions for the disposition of tkelndusS Congress when assembled , which would reconcHe all ( Utterances and harmonise all discordant views
tHIRB DAY . f , ™ > . T entl 0 a ^ et ^ pursuant to adjournment , at two oclock p . m ., Mr . Eyckraan , firet Vice Vml dent in the chair . After considerable discussion on sa ^^^^ ^^^^ That the resolution passed yesterday to appoint a committce of covrespondence be reconsWeved . That a committee of seven be appointed to carry out thevwwsof the Convention in regard to an Industrial Coagwss , -whith committee are instructed to urge upon Others interested ia this movementthe necessity of callinc a pi-ehminary Convention , to be held in the city of Albanv August next 1815 , but that , as our object is unanimity « it is fowid impracticahle to call the Convention then and there , the committee t > e allowed a discretion to consult with other suniiarh appointed committees as to the time aud place of holding such Convention , and the mode iu winch it shall be called , and the manner of appointing deleeates . °
That Messrs . Parke Godwin , George H . Evans , A E Lovay , Bauson Smith , Benjamin J . Timms , William It ' Ghanning , and Albert Gilbert , be the said committee . That the following gentlemen be requested to corrc spond and co-operate with the aforesaid committee in executing the viens of this Convention , and that thev he particularl y urged to agitate this subject in their various localities ia order to excite a general interest , and procure as large an attendance at the Preliminary Convention as possible :-Parke Godwin , New York City ; A . J . Wright Boston , Mass . ; L . w . Ryckman , Urooki ' arm , Mass A Brisbane , New York City ; Thomas A . De-vyr , Albany , A . Y . ; John Speakman , Philadelphia , Pa . ; Charles A Dana , Brook Farm , Mass .: 3 . C . Jackson , Albany , ' N . Y James Boyle , Northampton , Mass . ; John Mailey , Lynn , ' Mass . ; Thomas Ahny , Fall River , Mass . ; W . S . Wait Grenville , Bond Co ., IU . ; J . W . Joraleman , Kewark , K . J George K . McParlane , HolUdaysburgh , Pa . ; A . B . Steven !
son , Pittsburgh , Pa . ; 1 ' vancis C . Ereadwell , Brooklyn , > . I . ; Alvin B . Bovay , Saw York City ; Geo . W . Allen , Columbus , Ohio ; Hugh Garland , Va . ; Arnold Buffum , Kew York City ; D . Lee , Baffalo , K . Y . ; Theophilus Fisk , Washington ; A . F . Cunningliam , Virginia John White , Ohio ; John S . Williams , Ohio ; F . Graut , Ohio-, Alomo M . Watson , Waterroirti , K . Y . ; William Scott , Promisewell Communitj- , Pa . ; GerritSmidi , Peteibovo ' , If . Y .- . John D . Wiikins , Louisiana ; Thomas W . Whitley , Kentucky ; J . C . AUaben , Delaware Co ., K . V ' . ; Cassins M . Clay , Kentucky ;; John A . Collins , Skeneatelas , N . Y .-George W . Showard , Eastern Si . oiv , Md . ; Benjamin White , M . C , Freedom , Me . ; Mr . Gordon , M . C , Delhi . Delaware Co ., N . Y . ; Marsliail Pierce , Saco . Maiuc ; 3 . Oilman , Augusta , Maine ; M ' arren Dutcher , W . Benningl ton , Vcnnout ; Rev . Mr . Balch , Rhode Island ; Ellis Smalley , Plainfield , K . J . ; Horace Greeley , New York City ; Oshorn Jlacdaiiiel , Neiv York City ; H . R . Schettcrly , Afyhadelphia , Michigau ; Ira TUlotson , Marshall Calhoun Co ., Midiigui ! .
ElTSalXG SESSIOX . Mr . Ckan ; mso adverted to the present degraded condition of the working classes . lie considered it indicative of a rad ical defect in the order of things . Here , said lie , in this land , where ye boast of free institutions—of our democratic principles , we are the veriest slaves . Even the poor slave of the south , down-trodden and degraded as he is , is better off than we of the north . Mr . Channing then went on to say that he considered it the privilege aud the duty of man , with all Ms energy of usefulness to acquire wealta—that is , to acquire what is really good and useful ; and that as he accumulates wealth , he is healthy , moraUy and physically . In the increase of wealth is the increase of health . As a man obtains
wealth he also improves his mind . In this city there arc men , women , and children , who have no chance of getting wealth—no chanco of being happy . If they do produce , they sec it flying away from themthe drones of soeiety take from . them , the result of their labour—they have neither honour nor profit . They know that they laboured and toiled ; and when they seek the products of their industry , it eludes their grasp , vanishing like a dream away . As society is constituted , working men are but weapons , merchanised automatons , in the hands of others . The reason why some are , and some are not wealthy , is owing entirel y to the chances not being equal . Take , for instance , a man nurtured in poverty , and he must almost necessarily , from the nature of things , be poor .
Ihere are some who cry out " education , education ;" it is a mocking cry . A man cannot carry his spiritual existence along with his material ; he cannot educate while lie has toiled long days anil nights for a bare subsistence . Mr . Channing then proceeded to state that he went with the association , heart and hand , in the distribution of the public lands among the people , and gave his views of what a township should be , if the association should succeed in effecting their object . In the first place , everything should be in common—that is to say , belong to the township . The township should partition off the lands , direct how they should be used in regard to the rotation of crops , &c ., and who should occupy them . The products of common industry to be divided , and given to each person as they vreve useful , aud according to their intelligence , &c . All have an equal chance of
obtaining a sound , moral , and intellectual education . Every man to have a right to claim , and his claim granted to the position iu society which he deserves , and for which he is fitted—the township to make all transfers , &c ., when necessary , with other townships —in short , to be the merchant . Mr . Channing then promised his allegiance to the Industrial Congress when formed , but stated that a National Congress would not suffice ; we must have State , County , and Township Industrial Councils , in addition , wherein every trade should be fully and faithfully represented , lie advised the trades to organise , and combine their influence , andalso have such an arrangement as to know tho position which every man , woman , and child , connected with the trades , occupied . He proceeded to suggest a plan for a labour exchange , and advised a system of mutual assurance and life insurance , which were received verv favoumblv by the
audience . Mr . Timms then suggested that Mr . Owen , who was present , be invited to aMresa the Convention . Mv . Eviss stated that 1 .- would very gladly listen to Mr . Owen , but Mr . C ,= "« . s , of Skaneatlcs , who % vas present , had been inviu-: toaddresstnc meeting . Mr . Collins was then cjii-ud for by the meeting , and in the course of hi- remarks , which were general iu their nature , gave his assent , and promised Uis support to the IN ' ationai Reform Association . Air . Owes , amid vociferous cheering , then took the stand , and briefly addn-ased the meeting . Mr . Evans followed , after which the Convention adjourned sine die .
SWEDEN . We give , as follows , from the Stockholm journals , the speech of the King of Sweden oh closing the Diet : — 11 Gentlemen , when you arrived at this Diet I greeted you with an entire confidence in vour patriotic intentions , and your ' attafchtoent to me and my faraily . [ f is with the same sentiments , the cordiality of which has been increased by gratitudeV that I to-day bid you farewell , restoring you to your private occupations , which have for so iong a time given way to the dutie 3 of the public sood . Several veso-
utionsof superior importance have been adopted auriM the ume that velum laboured together tor tlie glory and happiness of our beloved country I your conscientious deliberations Lave not always sucmff £ Tin m W ^ wtong opposing opinions , we ought ^ u A ? shtotthe l ' act that rarely-Las an " asseinblj of the States , restricted to the same duration " . K ^ accd questions so grave in themselves , ? £ * J " *? so - s , tro"S an inn « encc on all the relavo ? h , v / riV'lsht- Thc ^ Plicated attains that ITJZ * i * ° . cxami « o scarcely allowed a complete SS ^ « Rvon . ^ «? ¦ > but ^ t the present has soon eff ^ l " 11 the « M-of the Almighty , be S / tefil- thetutu ^ - W >« lst each of you is SSffiS ? yo W ™ «» cte the duties vhicta bo i cYtudPI tf Cmli f- Cd t 0 - y ° ' X sliaI 1 devote * H mv " tot ie "Meliorations which social * niuui oui
• T ^ . our conrtiHnn two * . J - —•»« . »« auuiii foili&ffillS T ' ihe . conviction , that ffl ^ ajSWHfiSSSB pf . a ^ sasiasf-jfjE to be marked by union and mutual confidence The question of a modification of the representative system has given birth to serious discussions . The importance and gravity . of ' . the matter explain satisfactorily the difficulty of conciliating opinions divided , not as to the necessity , but as to the nature of the change . In order to resolve , in the interest-of the countly , this grand problem , it becomes necessary to luake reciprocal concessions . The States General , I . am perauaded , will be able to discover , in tiic patriotism with , which they ave . animated , the means of satisfying the wishes of . thftaatiiin in tin ' s
respect . In the course of the sessionl presented you with a bill iolSa new peiial code , and another relative to prisons . Although you have not had time to com-B ? te ^ Profound examination of these matters in detail you have , however , adopted principles of a penal systein . uuiting to the severity whieli public safety demands the consideration wbM the elevated precepts ot religion and humanity call for in favour of the dignity otman . You have by this decision laid tlurbasis of the ulterior labour which you will have to discuss at your next coming together , and on which I shall then present to you a new proposition . In placing before you the budget of receipts and expenses , 1 thought it my dut y , gentlemen , to call your attention to the necessity of employing the means that could be disposed of in grants for public instruction , science .
and the fane arts , for regularising our system of detence , and executing public works to further agriculture and manufactures . Your decisions prove in a satisfactory manner how you have appreciated the constant object of my solicitude—the glory and prosperit y of my country . I have been informed of your deliberations to guarantee the solidity of the national bank , and the maintenance of the value of the monetary tokens of tlic kingdom , j 1 shall Mow with all the attention that the . gravit y of the subject merits the results of your measures in this respect . The successive augmentation of the indirect revenues of the state , testifying an extension in the commercial movement ' and a progressive improvement in the intewoy , has enabled the present Diet to effect a reduction in the personal taxes . B y employing these unforeseen resources in favour of primary instruction , you have again proved your zeal for all that can contribute Jto . the progress of enlightenment and
moranty . At the opening of this session , I informed you , gentlemen , of the resolution which I had come to , in concert with a neighbouring monarch and ally , not to pay any longer the annual tribute which for upwards of a century the kingdoms at present united had given for the protection of their commerce and their navigation , to one of the states on the northern coast of Africa . Negotiations entered in for this object , and which have found a powerful support in thc friendly mediation of England and France , have just been crowned with . success . An arrangement with thc Emperor of Morocco concluded on the 5 th of last April , by . plenipotentiaries reciprocally appointed for the purpose , has established , from the date of the convention being sighed , the abolition of that annuity .. In virtue . of . paragraph 1 . 09 of thc constitution ,-1 declare your present session closed . In imploring' the Divine goodness to pour over oui country his heavenly blessing , I renew to you , gentlemen , the assurance of all my Royal benevolence .
THE TEN HOURS' BILL . 1 MP 0 KTAST DELEGATE SIEETI . VC . - ... ¦ ( From a Correspondent . ) On' Sunday last a . minierotis meeting of delegates irmnthevariousmainifacturingdistricts of Lancashire and Yorkshire was held at the York Hotel , in Todmorden . tppsbmbt&tliepiisshigot' the TenJIpurs' Bill , lodmpnlcn was selected on account of its central situation , being about equal distance from the factory districts ot both counties . Tliere were thirty-one delegates present from the towns of Manchester , Bury , Bolton Chovley , Preston , Oldham , Lees Rochdale , Chowbent , Astleybridgc , Todmorden Leeds , Bradford , Iluddersfield , Keighlcy , Dewsburv &c ., &c . Several other towns were represented b " v letter . Mr . Samuel Ilaworth , cotton-spinner , of Bolton , was unanimously called on to preside .
Ihe Chairman , in opening the proceedings , expressed his regret that the operatives were compelled by circumstances , otci- which they had no control , to hold their meetings on Sundays . He did not think it would be necessary to call on eaeli delegate to lav before the meeting tlie sentiments of the operatives in thc various localities . There was no difference ot . opinion amongst them ; but , at the same tune , he thought it would be desirable for the delegates from the Central Short-time Committees of Lancashire and Yorkshire to rive a brief account of the position of tlie question , " and the progress it had made since they . last met . It would also bo necessary for the meeting seriously to consider wliGtherit was advisable for them to ask Lord Ashley
to bring the question forward this session . For his own part he thought not . Mr . Paul Hargraves , the delegate from the Lancashire Committee , then entered into a detail of their proceedings , from which it appeared tluat since the opening of the present session they had collected a considerable sum of money from the operatives , which they had expended in circulating publications explaining the progress which was making , more especially in reference to those masters in Preston , Boltou , and other places , who had adopted the system of working eleven hours a day instead of twelve , without any diminution of then ? wages , the profits of the masters , or the Quantity
of work produced , whilst the quality was much improved . The opposition to the Ten Hours' Bill in Lancashire was every day becoming less violent , and ho hoped tlie day was iiot distant when lie and his colleagues would be joined by tho manufacturers to carry the measure to a successful termination , and thereby be relieved from the arduous duties which the advocacy of the question involved . He was authorised to state that it was the unanimous opinion of the committee that the introduction of the bill into Parliament this session was , from the verv first day of the opening , surrounded with so many difficulties , that there was no prospect of bringing it forward with any chance of success .
Mr . Pitman , from the Bradford Committee , thought the measure should have been introduced iu the present session , and hoped Lord Ashley would not fail to bring the measure before Parliament in some napes this year . _ The delegate from Huddersfield was glad to have it m lus power to report that four films in that ncighoonrliood had adopted the eleven hours' system with success . In some instances the hands were gettuig two shillings a week more for eleven hours than they had been for working twelve . The firms to which he alluded were Messrs . Stavkey and Co ., Brooks , Annette , and Brooks . ThowWflrm employed more thatUuree-foiwths af the whole of the factory hands about Iluddersfield . They were now receiving the support of all classes of people , and , above all , the clergy of all denominations ; and main ot . the manufacturers were also favourable to tcii horn's a dav .
Mr . Joseph Gregory , of Bolton , said , there was but one opinion among the operatives of that town . They were fully persuaded that , owine to the Btate of the house on the Irish questions and railways , there was no chance of anything being done this session ; they were , therefore , promoting the measure by agitation at home , and not without effect . One of the largest firms in Bolton had commenced working eleven hours , and at a festival given to the hands the other night by the master , Mr . Knowles , that gentleman stated that he was perfectly s the new arrangement , am ! would contmue to carry it . out , ami even go toafurthci iiuuiauuu
; ana as to Lord Ashley , they believed lie had made many sacrifices in the cause , and was the only man in the House of Commons who could nnd WO " u I r the Ration with a prospect of success . ine delegate from Preston reported , that since Mv . uaraner had commenced working short hours , several other large mills had followed the example with equal success . The Rochdale delegate would be glad if he could attord such information as had been given from other places . He worked for a firm which ran their mill thirteen and a half and fourteen hours a I day , thereby setting the spirit of the Act at defiance .
To All who hate Tyranny . —Of all thc curses that ever scourged the human race , the greatest have been the existence of men , who , to great wealth and power , have united a strong desire to trample on and oppress their fellow-men . There was a time when sucn characters could continue their fraud , oppression , injustice , and extortion without fear of public opinion ; there was no popular press to keep tyranny in check , and but little popular intelligence to mark with reprehension thc tyrant . The times , however , are changed . The people ave getting wiser . They begin to know how to discover and expose the frauds and extortions to which they havesolongbeensubjcct ; and the time will come , when every act of force or deception , oppression or injustice , whereby rich men make
( or try to make ) poor men suffer , shall be blazoned lortk throughout the length and breadth of the land —shall be wafted on the wings of the prcs 3 , from the centre oc our island sill round to thc sea ; and every wall shall tell tales of those who dare to trample on the liberties of that portion of society , without whieli no other portion could ever exist . — * As an exnronle to other working men , the following statement" of a recent act of tyranny is laid before thc public : —The Messrs . Christy , the well-known hat manufacturers , have for many years employed a number of persons to weave hat-plush , a . portion . of the hatting trade that has been gradually increasing fer some time , and has lately experienced an unprecedented briskness ; a circumstance that has caused the Messrs .
Christy to increase considerably their number of hands , and also brought into thc trade many new manufacturers . As might naturally be expected , the new manufacturers having had but little experience m the trade , had no settled system of paying for their work . The prices for the same kind of work varied considerably at different -warehouses . In this State of the case , it was suggested a few weeks ago , by some persons connected with the trade ( both , masters and workmen ) , that it would be well if a list of prices could be drawn up . A few of the weavers , acting upon this suggestion , called a public meeting of the trade , at which a committee was appointed to arrange a list , and conduct other business connected therewith . On the committee were two of the Messrs .
Christy ' s workmen , who , immediately on the fact becoming known to their masters , were discharged from their employment . This plain statement needs no comment , —the Messrs . Christy kaew they were paying less wages than any other howe in the trade ; they knew that a regulation would require them to pay the same as other masters ; and they , no doubt , thought that to discharge those who were likely to bo instrumental in bringing about a regulation , ivould be to evade an konourabli and honest course of conduct . There is another ease which ought to be mentioned , but which , perhaps , would not have been made thus public if the circumstances before related had not taken place . About tUree months ago , a piece of the most dishonest fraud was
attempted to be put upon the weavers , tlie consequence of which would have been to increase considerably tlie quantity of wovk without any additional remuneration . The attempt was fortunately discovered and pointed out to the head of the firm ) who , in reply , said that wages were too high , that he could buy plush , of thc French cheaper than he could make it ; the French lived upon less than thc English , and the English must come down to them , and so on . The result was , thc weavers struck work ; and , as a resolution Ivad been come to by the weavers to leave the shop entirely and go to work elsewhere ( work being very plentiful ) , the masters agreed , in a fewdays , to pay additional wages in proportion to the extra work . Had this fraud been successful , the
Messrs . Christy would have been gainers by it to the amount of more than thm hundred pounds a year over and above the profits obtained previously ; and this attempt was made at a time when tlie Messrs . C . were already paying from two to eight or ten per cent , less than any other house in tlie trade . Siu-h seems to have been the general conduct of these men for many years past ; in short , did time and space permit , cases of the above description might be enumerated without end , —but enough for the present . Tlie foregoing will sufficiently exhibit the character of the firm mentioned , Let US liope , llOWOVGl ' , that the time is not far distant when such cases will be unknown , and moral justice have some share in the conduct of employers towards emDloved . It is
lamentable m the extreme to find meh like the Messrs . C ., whose conscientiousness is so far Wii- 'ited as to make them content to live for no other purpose but to add house to bouse , field to field , and money-bag to money-bag—discarding at once every moral principle and every humane and benevolent feeling . Hollow-hearted and base , indeed , must be they , of whom it may be truly said , their dwelling is cemented with human blood , their fields are watered with human tears , and their gold is coined from the very sinews of the suffering and the sorrowful . Gold is truly the world ' s god ; the tyrannical muster its priest , who wants only the power to immolate human victims on its altar . With one reflection we conclude . The priest of the-golden god is the most
insatiable of nil monsters—he is heartless , and therefore cannot feel—he is brainless , and therefore cannot think—he is destitute of moral principle , and therefore understands not justice or equity , unless indeed his feeling , thinking , and being just supports the worship of his idol . —Droyhdcn , 184-5 . Thb Truck :-: ^ Sysiexi . —The following case , which occurred a few days ago , at the Bolton Court _ of Requests , deserves some attention , from its exposing a system which there , is good reason to believe is much more extensively acted upon than is generally imagined . We derive the particulars from a Mancheater paper : — " William Lomax , jun ., obtained an an execution against James Darbishire , green grocer , ia April , and on last Saturdav week a sei 7 . ure was
W / ti ^ j ^ ^ made under it of certain articles which Mary Anu Darbishire , his daughter , appeared to claim as her property . From her statement it appeared that her father was sold up about eight months ago , and that her aunt had siven her a bed , and she Jiad bought other articles herself . During the hearing of the case n * Sarah Roberts , nn interesting young woman , appa- \ t rently about twenty years of age , was called , and \ V stated that she let the house to Darbishire's daughter . * X ^ lJie foJlon-iug- colloquy then took place : —Judge : N V *^ Did you let the house to the claimant ? Yes . —Are X \ ^ you the landlady of the house ? I take it with my V *^ \ work—Whom do you work for ? Mr . Culloncotton A <
, spinner . —How much do you pay a week for it ? \* ! lnree shillings and a penny . —What do you let it « A tor / Two shillings . —And do you lose the re- V * mauuler ? Yes .-ilowmuch do you get a week ? VV lwlvcshillings . -The Judge : That ' s one way of >\ making a property .- ( Several voices in the court A \ BdtnnW ° r / ' T 1 'at ' 9 COmmOn eil 0 U S ' \\ vf » ~ rlho J X ¥ '• That's a great shame .- ( A m e , li / ° V aUloU ^ Ju ¥ ' * "overheard moio disgraceful case in my fife . " From this it C \ . would appear that Air . Cullcn , of Bolton wSiW V VS . 5 &S ?' - . : ! dvocatc te »* T&XSc 3 Vr ; S , l f plcS > 5 ' " ^^ l ess , condescend to be A a pni ty to transactions ot a nature which honest and X > A SS'rt Uiei 1 ° w ? ' 8 hRd 0 oi" -Pinion nlU 8 t V \ ^ l wn ^ niu . We have alwa ys considered that
^ , ^ , T * X tlie best method of forwarding principle was bv ex- fO ainple .-partieulnrl . v when thc parties concerned \> * ' were placed m such positions , as , from their pro- f \ minency , to be rendered obnoxious to thc observa- f \ tion and criticism of the public . As a magistrate \ sitting upon the bench , and dispensing equal justice V to all applicants , there can be no doubt but tho ex- \ pencuce and sagacity of Mr . Cullen must render his I semces exceedingly valuable to the inhabitants of t \ uolton ; and there can be a 3 little doubt that his \ . appointment , from his literary acquirements , has X added dignity to the bench on which he occasionally \ . \ presides . These things wiU have morethan justified , A mine eyes of his fellow-townsmen , the parties who * Mv recommended him to the important office he holds I \ vi
• , | , — - -titjf . 11114 * VII 1 M / US lil / lUO » | « the exertions of those parties will indeed have secured ^ \ the gratitude of the borough of Bolton . It is truly lamentable , then , to see that , for the paltry consideration ot a fewsluUiugspw week , tbotradcananauoiud so tar predominate over the justice , as to induce forgetfulness both of equity and the spirit of the law , ana be thus the means of drawing down , in a public court , the severe censure of the presiding judge , who tolt compelled to ciiaracterizc the transaction as " the most disgraceful he had ever heard of . " From the statement we liave cited , it appears that this gentleman is not the onlyperson in Bolton who 3 e conduce ; in tins repect , merits the indignation and contempt aga i st Mr . Cullen a said to be a common one in
tnat uorough . For the honour of the towu-for the respect we would fain feel for our neighbours , we hope ' this is not the fact ; but , if the statement be accurate , then wepught not to feel surprised that the ¦ government , with such tacts in evidence before them , Iccljustilieil m the interference they exercise between millowners and factory workpeople . Ifthoscwhoouclitto be the natural guardians of the people , whose industry makes them " merchant princes , " thus shamelessly and sordidly oppress the poor , whose protectors tho law supposes them to be , can we wonder at the discontent so often expi essed by tlie operative : or that in this particular , he feels tlie yoke too heavy forhim ? I lie ease before us derives its chief interest ' from its relation to other similar cases . Sarah Roberts
, an interesting , " and , as it appears , a single voung woman most likely living with ber parents , receives , tor her labour m Mr . Culleu ' s mill , twelve shillings per week ; but , as one of the conditions of this empioyment , she is compelled to take a house , which she docs not want , at something more than a fourth Ot her earmngs-a rental , indeed , Of £ 8 Os . 4 d . per annum , h nder this bargain the roaster gains every , tlnng , and the employed is nearly certain to be a Joser . In all probability ; during , at least , part of the time of servitude , the tenement . taken will be emptv , and the consequence instantly is ' , that the wages ' ot the employed are reduced upwards of twenty-five per , cent . ; or as , in the present case , the party may sub- let the dwelling , at a loss to himself , and with aver * -
chance of getting a tenant wno may break the windows , damage the '' valuable propertv , " and quit without remembering the arrears of rent . Yet this is said to be " common enough" in Bolton . Suck houses , built with the design of being let upon compulsion , are scarcely likel y to be constructed upon the very best principles , or with the most scrupulous regard to the comfort and convenience of the people intended to live in them . Persons convicted of crime are sent toprison | and penitentiaries , for punishment and improvement , and every attention is paid , during their incarceration , to their cleanliness and orderly habits , not only to maintain the health of the body , but to improve that of the mind : persons convicted of peverty , at Bolton . are condemned to
have their wages lessened , their liberties abridged , and tlieiv persons to suffer oppression , if , by their " industry , they endeavour to "live honest in tlie sight ot all men , " unless they submit to have that industry mulcted of a quarter of its honourable earnings . ' bhouldtlieyretuse to succumb to such abject degradaturn and servility , they may starve , or be driven , ' through poverty and want of employment , attimos , to do that which their .. mind would revolt against . Has the magistrate , whose case we are considering , ever reflected that the bondage which he * imposes upon bis workpeople may force the highest and noolcst ininded among them—and , consequently , those Wiio , under judicious treatment , would bo tie mhuniost valuable members of society—into dishonest ;
practices , and lead to an abandonment of those virtuous principles , the loss of which , especially in females , produces results which are appalling even to the imagination ? Surely Mr . Horner will not omit all notice of so curious af ' eature asthis , in the arrangement between factory owners and the hands employed by them , m his next report to Parliament . His exposure ot the system would be a sufficient rebuke to deter any other " Cotton Lord" fromsccking to avail hiniseft , for the sake of a trifle of lucre , of so mercenary a source of profit—one so fraught in every way with mischief to tlie worldly condition and prospects , thc independence , and the moral ' wclfare of those who are subjected to its operation . We do not complain of mill-owners for erecting cottages . In many cases , indeed , jt is absolutely necessary that they should do
so for the comfort and convenience of their workpeoplo ; but then , tlie letting of such places should invariably be a matter of option , as well with the tenant as the landlord . Each- should be free to make a bargain ,-or to decline it , according to bis own pleasure and inclination . Coercion in such a case is the worst species of tyranny—a sort of truck dealing , which is as disreputable to the strong , and disadvantageous to the weak , as that of paying wages in goods instead of money . The workman has as clear a right to the free controul and disposition of the whole of the wages obtained in return for his or her labour , as the manufacturer can have to the disposal of the money . which he obtains in exchange for the goods which have been produced from bis capital and machinery . —Preston Chronicle .
Strike of Minehs ax B « ry >—It is my painful duty to report the strike of the men in the employ of Messrs . Feamesey and Co ., at Jaraco , near Bury . I have been requested to send you a detail of the circumstances for insertion , lest the public should believe the reports sent out by the masters . Before thc commencement of the Union the men had Us . for getting forty baskets of coals , whieli were sold in the market for £ 1 3 s . 4 i \ . Since that time the coals have been raised to £ 1133 . -Id . in the market , or 10 s . of an advance , out- of which tlie men got 4 s . extra , making their wages 13 s . for cettine forty baskets .
ihe men worked heartily under these arrangemento till the week before last , when notice was given for a reduction of 2 s ., under the pretence that the colliery was not paying . If" thc pits are not paying now , what must have been their state before ? For , calculatingon the men to work only four days a week to produce the same quantity of coal as before , the masters clear wpivanh of eleven pounds a week more than they did beon tin advance!—and tbis , "' too , for only one pit . In order to succeed in tbeiv reduction they began with ono pit , but the men in the others seeing through the scheme immediately turned out , and it is likely that tlie masters will soon agree with them again .
Duncombe Testimonim ,. —Aspecial generalmeeting of thc Central Committee was held on Wednesday " evening , June 11 th , at the Parthenium , 12 , St . Martins-lane , Mr . James Grassby , Carpenter , in the eliair , when the following sums were received : —Per Mr . Nicholson , Engineer , 3 s . ; Mr . D . W . Rufty , 10 s . ; on behalf of Mr . Burrows , of Cogjresliall , Mr , Charles M'Oartljy , and Edward Collins , 4 a . 8 d . ; per Mr . S , Buck , Knaresborough , Us . 2 d . ; Mansfield local committee , per the Rev . W . Linwood , £ 2 10 s . ; Huddersfield local committee ( second subscri ption ) , per Mr . Bushworth , £ 1 os . Od . ; Mottram , in Londoiidale , per Mr . R . Wild , (< s . ; the Woolcorobers of Bradford , Yorkshire , per Mr . J . Moore , £ 3 5 s . 5 d . ; Mr . J . Grassby banded in Ss . Id . on behalf of Mr .
Miilgrove , the subscription of a few Carpenters of n ? ' 13 i - ? - <; ' - T - M - Ww * kr handed in £ 1 Ts . lOd . from Mr . G . W . Wheeler , the subscripts ?; . « e Rcadi » g local committee ; also 5 s . from Mr . Mills , and ( 3 d . from Mr . Bagley , and 19 s . 4 d . as acknowledged to be received by him in the Star of last week under the head of 0 'Funds received by the General Secretary of the National Charter Association ; " per Mr . Wm . Cuffay . ( fourth payment ) , 2 s .. ' fid . ; per . Mv . Wild , Carpenter , Dun Horse , Borough , 15 s . 5 d . On the motion of Messrs . Stallwood and T . Barriitt ; it was unanimously resolved ,
' That this Committee keep open their accounts until Wednesday , July 16 th next ensuing ; in order to give time to the committee of collectors to get in the books now in the hands of those who have neglected the calls previously made , and that the secretary forward the above resolution to tlie secretary of all local committees , with a request that they wiiliiwasJii rait aU cash raised on behalf of the Testimonial now in' their bands to the General Secretary , " Mr 3 Syme , ov to the General Treasurer , R . Norman Esq ., immediately , , -uid that the members of this committee nve especially requested to attend on Wed-
ibmgtt Intelligence *
Crate' $Tobemente .
Crate' $ tobemente .
J 1-TC-.. ; . ' :. : : - ' ¦ He . hoped the Lancashire Central Short-time Committee would adopt some means to prevent svek cruelties as they were perpetrating . Mr . James Mills said that he had been more tUan fourteen years m the cause , and lie congratulated tlie meeting on the steady and improved state of feeliii " which , prevailed on thc subject . The meetings were now conducted with such intelligence and moderation , as would before long insure success . He had not IM r , tcnde ( l thc meetings on the question , and therefore he was not capable of judging of the improved tone of the friends of the measure : indeed ne never attended a meeting in which he heard so much good reasoning and common sphbp nHvnnnn , i
are delegate from keighlcy was of the same opimoivand looked upon that fact as the best securitv ot ultimato and speedy success . Many other interesting statements were made as to the progress the question was making , after which tue resolutions were unanimously adopted to the followuig unect : — "This meeting of delegates takes the present opnor-Tr L ° } , S ? expressing , on behalf of thc operatives tofiSfi ! " and Yorkshire , their unalterable detcrnnnation never to relax in their efforts , until the &SSW T ied throu Bh lament , and that they will , from the present time , redouble their session of Parliament , to bring it to a successful ter-S ^ T ^ a * each district , be urgently repeated uirwarawit
w noWi delay the whole of the petitions now in course of signature , either to the central committees of lovksmxe and Lancashire , or to our friends m 1 arliament , for presentation this session . —That in the opinion of this meeting , the course adopted by Lord Ash ley this session was , under all the oircumstances , the best and wisest ,. and believe that much has been gained by the course adopted , seeing that the business of the bouse would not in om-opinion admit of atair trial of the question with any prospect of success . Uiatwehai \ , asoneof the best omens of future success the support which the cause of our wives and chil-Urenrcceivcn last session , and also in the fact , that ™™ u " T « ™ «> PP ° rt « lby four-fifths of thc members of the manufacturing districts . That a from
petition this meeting be forwarded to Parliament , signed by the chairman , on behalf of the delegates .-. ! hat this meeting of dele-rates cannot separate without once more expressing its unabated confidence m the zeal and sound judgment of Lord Asiuey in conducting this measure through Parliament . —rhat everj- clay ' s experience confirms our urevious opinions that he is , of all other members of Parliament of whom we have any knowledge , thc mostefhcient advocate we can have , and that he be most respectfully requested to continue his effort on our behalf , and that we believe we are but oxpressino the unanimous sentiments of our constituents in stating that we rely with implicit confidence on his zeal and ability to bring the question to a successful issue , and we once more pledge ourselves never to relax exertions
m our until our eilbrts and his labours are crowned with success . —That we most sincerely express our thanks to the editors of the Ih-ald , Tim >* Post , Standard , Northern Star , and of all other papers who so disinterestedly supported us , and that the morning papers be respectfully requested to notice the presentation of our petitions now in the bauds of our friend in Parliament . " Thanks were also voted to Mr . Fielder-, M P Mr . John Wood , Mr . William Walker , of Bradl ford , and other friends in and out of Parliament ; as also to those millpwners in Lancashire and Yorkshire who had voluntarily adopted the eleven hours ' system ; also to the chairman and the central committees of Lancashire and Yorkshire ; after which the delegates separated , many of them having to travel from thirty to upwards of fifty miles to their homes .
immmE _ ^_ .. ^ . LONDON , SATPRDAKJnMi ^ , , a , K - , ^^ f = in fevouv of the institution of an Industrial Con-ww 'I " M ; ' ¦• - ¦ : - ^ W > »* T ¦ . , JgiwSMUlugg and Sixpence pel Q « avlw the United States , belie ™ - tw ,... " 1 ; : ° V ° ~ ¦ > ' ' ' ' ' ¦
0 -.. -.. ¦ ,. ' ' .. ' i .. \ ' ' ' ' ¦ '" "' ' ¦ ; i KJ ' ¦ - - : a J - ¦^ r ^ £ = £ ™^ JMDES > JOURNAL .
Northern Star (1837-1852), June 14, 1845, page unpag, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1319/page/1/