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; .. ; F . 0 LA 5 D AND IltmGATlY . C ^ mparisoarfthey ^ lTS ^ wlicnPolSiidfcll . Trifli . the , Tear 1819 , when Hungary was overpowered by savages , and iaii prostrateat the barbarian Emperors' leet . ' ; Scarce half a " cent ' ry yet hath rolled away , Sineenorthem tigers feasted on their . prey ! . Poland-was then , by force compelled to yield ! Tobri < £ indarms , and sink , beneathlheirshield ! ' Yea his ' try's pages still in anger heaves , ' ! Jit crimes that darkly stain the folded leaves ; They tell of deeds which mates the heart to chill ; Jlnd stagnate into hate , ' gainst Northern If * S Of " Royal Robbers , " -who , their age disgraced , j \ ad Poland , Europe ' s brightest gem , defaced ! Does power of kings , in plunder only shine , To tell the world they reign by laws divine ? ¦ £ peak out each page , historic of the world , J Lud let the darkest page be now unfurled ;
"Yf ipe ofFthe the mildew spots , and let there shine Tie light of darkness through each crowded line ; j \ nd then the bLack comparison-we'll know , ISetween those years of blood , and crime , and woe Shall Haynau ' s carnage wth Suwarrows vie , 3 n ghastly horror , and in purple dye ? Shall Danube ' s rolling tide to ages tell , 3 l © w tyrants conquered , and how freedom fell ? -Or shall the waves of Thesis gladly speak , Of triumph glowing on the freeman ' s cheek , 5 The harbinger of brighter triumphs still ,
lyien Dembinski shall bend each tyrant ' s - will ? -And phosnix , lifce the freeman ' s power will rise , - And sweep the tyrants from beneath the skies ! jtemembered long will be that ghastly day , TSIieri Batthyani's * butcher gorged his prey ! IVaved high the scroll , f thelicence of a kinged that assassin , Haynau , vilest tfo \< jr , That crawled upon tho brave Hungarian soil , JLad noble victims sought for , vengeful spoil , Itastard avaunt ! no freeman ' s grave aw ; iits , A tiling 80 vile , whom all the world now hates ! "Wassbeck .
- Baron Hajnnu , it appears , complains that In ? authority Tjaslsen disregarded by those wlio had presumed to execute Coant- Batthjaui , by shooting th&t nobleman , i : being 3 aron Haynau ' s express command that the Couut should . dh ' the hands of the common hangman . i "iVhen Hajffiiu was remonstrated-with respecting his ¦ Cmeliy , he replied , thus , holding up the Emperor ' s warrant ofunBmitea power : — "Theysayl am fiend . a -foger , = al ; vci « i , butl care not , and they shall feel the fell force of Va- ? unlimited power to punish . "
THE "WORKS OF G . P . R- JAMES . Parlour Library Edition . Vol . I .: The Gipsy s Vol . II .: One in a Thousand . London : Simms and ll'Intyre , Paternoster Row . ^ Novels and romances heretofore published at the aristocratic price of thirty shillings , may now be purchased for a single coin of that -denomination . The volumes before us afford another and remarkable proof of the enterprising spirit of Messrs . Snuis and M'Ixtyre . The author , too , is entitled , to the thanks of the public for his share in this laudable
under--iafclng ; Mr . James thus expresses the motives and objects which have induced him to assent to this cheap re-publication of his -works : — If works of a good and elevating tendency were as cheap and easily procurable as the debasing trash ¦ which is daily poured forth upon the public , at a Terr low rate , the poisoned stream at ivhich so ¦ many drink would be , if not altogether dried up , at least greatly diminished . * » * But if we place a floodgate to dam up the purer stream , ¦ we compel our fellow-men to have recourse to --foul and corrrapted sources . * * * The office of the art of printing is not only to perpetuate bnt to diffuse ; and one-half of its utility is lost if we put a barrier against theexercise of its influence upon the unweaUby classes by immoderate prices . "With such views , It was natural I should hail
with pleasure an attempt made by an old-established and respectable firm , to carry out my views to the utmost possible extent , and that I should see with great satisfaction , rapid and extraordinary success attending their efforts . A plebian myself , my strongest sympathies are , of course , with my own -class , and it has given me ao light gratification , within the last two years , on entering many a -cottage , and many a tradesman's dwelling , to find a little range of books calculated to amuse and interest , as well as to instruct and to elevate . . When an opportunity was afierded me by a proposal from the publishers to whom I have alluded , of sending forth my own political productions at a price which would place them within the reach of all , I gladly seized it , in the hope that I might -contribute something , however small , to the improvement and to the happiness of my fellow *
-men . Mr . . Tavks ' s works having been long before the public , it is only necessaryto state , that , in ibis marvellonsly cheap edition they are given Trithout any curtailment . Of course the sale will he enormous .
The Public Good . Jfo . L : Jasuakt . London : C . Gilpin , 5 , Bishopsgate-street . ! This is anew monthly publication , remarkably cheap , consisting of thirty-two small octavo pages , and sold for two-pence . In politics it is of the Sxukge and Vincent school;—advocates parliamentary reform , directtaxation , the .. peace principle * teetotalism , early closing , &c ., &c . The contents of the first number include essays on politics , political economy , history , morals , &c ., &c . For extract-we select an article from the pen of the editor : —
IXGLATJn ' S "WEAKNESS AM > SSGL 1 SD 5 STRENGTH . Doubtless , anyone who views the character and -condition of England , may see many things which -wring his heart , and make it bleed with pity . He may see thousands in rags and wretchedness—he may see men and women , who could work and gain . an tamest livelihood if they could , bnt they cannot , 33 they have no -work to do—he may see young men behind the counter , or the desk , working from early morn till late at night , tired , exhausted and prostrated , physically and mentally—he may see women —yes , tender , beautiful -women , - who deserve a ' better destiny , plying the needle for sixteen , eighteen , and twenty hours a day , and that for the most paltry pittance—and he may see , on the other
Land , a proud and pampered aristocracy , rolling in riches , and faring sumptuously every day , and who expend enough " in extravagance to feed starving myriads—he may see a huge nation ?! debt , which too significantly forebodes national bankruptcy—he may see taxe 3 indirectly wrung from the working and commercial classes , and recklessly appropriated to unwarrantable purposes—he may see gams-laws " which exist for the privileged few , and to which the comfort and happiness of innumerable families have ieen sacrificed—he may see a church , many of ~ < rhose" bishops and dignitaries live in wealth and splendour , and many of whose hard-working curates almost starve for the bread that perisheth—he may see immense tracts of unpurchaseable waste lands ,
and thousands of famishing men remaining idle—he may see rich and extensive landowners dying , and leaving then * entailed estates to their eldest sons , while the other members of their families are left almost-wholly unprovided for , and who cannot dig , and to beg ashamed , but , who by political influences and corruption , are lifted into places to be maintained in affluence by the public nurse—he may see intemperance with , its million - palaces , where no other ( Jod but Bacchus is worshipped , and whose worshippers have desolation written on their countenances and their homes—he may see untold numbers of England ' s fairest women brought fo shame and infamy , and who pass through life plueking mowers , which only grow on the paths of iniquity and around the margin of the grave—he may see . gibbets to which women , in all the glow and freshness of youth , are forcibly carried to be publicly executed , when then- shrieks pierce the skies , and rend the hearts of
congregated thousands—he may Sae Smithfields&nd their gory appurtenances , where cruelties are perpetrated on dumb , unoffending animals , which would stain the annals of the ba £ barons ages—he majr see towns undrained , houses nnventilated , and then * inhabitants corre spondingly diriy ; localities whfere diseases breed ,- and death rots—be may see tlie spirit of selfishness pervading the convmercial transactions of the people , and competition in its pitiless sway , trampling on the weak ? a ^ unfortunate , reckless of benevolence and many ^) ther co nsiderations which should nourish and ¦* gladden life--he may see ignorance enthroned in the minds , and wrapping its gloomy mantle around ' the prospects of millions : and deeper than any of theseevils which are observable on _ tbesurface , - may be seen nee and moral degradation in countless shapes , holding captive the bodies and minds of " multitudes . ¦ ; . •¦•;¦
But there'is a bright as well as dark side to the picture . We have not only national vices , but national virtues . Doubtless , there has always been a - - . ¦ . great deal of active benevolence , and sterling -worth among our population ; but never , I trow , as ; L xriuch as at the present time . If we have organised ; "\ rrohg 9 , we have also men organised into societies .- to-put down such wrongs . We have missionary BOCietieS'for home and abroad—we have penitentiaries , infirmaries , and hospitals supported by Voluntary contributions . We have peace societies trying to remove war systems and the war" spirit
from- the world—temperance ; societies ba \ ttlug-wifch intemperancer—educational- institutions su b | u rating ignorance—parliamentary , and . ^ financial , rt'foraiassociations , " lab owing tor ^ the peoples-sanitary •> commissions " - and board * of health sweeping our 'Streets ; and' closing ( reeToag graveyards—benefit societies , ^ building .. . societies ; , insurance companies—associations ito build washiEe : houses ,: model lodging houses ; " arid ; a'tubu 3 anai other associations , for a thousand other purposes ^ I do hot mean to say that all these associations fulfil all they promise , and that associations and the principle of co-operation may not : be ; abused . I have merely , to deal with ; the fact , that thopeople are beginning to see the potency ' and practicability of co-operating together , for th ' emultiplieationof means for comfort arid elevation . -I see'inthis factone of the erand characteristics of the age ;
and it tells where-England is going , and what she will be , as significantly as any feature or circun * stance of the nineteenth contury . England , with her omnipotent public opinion , her liberties and hospitalities , stands like a beacon amongst the nations of the earth . She i 3 the . home of the refugee and exile , and the centre to which men of letters and commercial princes resort .. Yes , " England , with all thy faults , I love tho still . " Glorious has been thy past with all its crimes , and more glorious will be thy future . Thou has shaken the world and desolated nations with war ; and thou wilt , in years to come , devote thy matchless strength and inexhaustible resources to consolidating the peace and promoting the prosperity of all peoples . Though errors fester in thy bosom—though injustice and suffering impair thy mightiness ^ -thou ahalt weather the . storm , and gradually grow stronger , holier , and happier . : - 'J
PROTECTION FOR NATIVE INDUSTRY . On Monday night a public meeting of the working classes , convened under the auspices of the National Association for the Organisation of Trades , was held in the Hall of the Edinburgh Castle , Stepney , for the purpose ( as stated . iri the hand-bill ) of adopting resolutions in ia . Tonr . of legislative protection for native industry , against the present unfair and ruinous system of competition ; arid certainly it never fell to our lot to attend a meeting of a more stormy and clamorous character , or one which ended in a more signal discomfiture of tho intentions of its promoters , than did the gathering in question . It was announced that Mr . George
Frederick Young would take the chair . Before the hour for commencing the proceedings ( half-past seven ) , the hall was filled with working men . . On the platform was Mr . Richard Oastler , Dr . Brookes , Mr . Paul Foskett , arid other advocates for protection ; as well as Mr . Samuel Kydd , Mr . Campbell , Mr . Clark , and other leaders of the Chartist party . Mr . G . F . Youso was called to the chair amidst much confusion . There were between 2 , 000 and 3 , 000 persons present , and the numbers appeared to he so equally divided , that it was almost impossible to determine whether the ayes or noes for Mr . Young ' s election had it . Mr . Young , however , was duly installed into the presidential chair . The Cttaibmav , in opening the proceedings ,
remarked that he had always been the friend of free discussion . At the same time , he was bound to state that the present was not a meeting for discussion , but for the purpose of hearing certain statements from persons who held the principles of protection . To revert , however , to the business of the day , he must say , that from the first moment his attention had been directed to the subject , he had been persuaded that the system at present adopted was deeply injurious to the working classes . For many years past the labouring classes had been bandied about between the political economists on the one hand , and on the other hand by the opponents of that system . ( A voice— " Yes , and particularly by the Protectionists . " ) Yes , the labouring classes had been victimised by all classes of
politicians—by Whigs , Tories , Free-traders , and Protectionists . ( Hear , hear . ) The time had now arrived when the working elapses must determine for themselves what mu 3 t be the issue of the present question . The question of protection to native industry "always presented itself to hini in this light . " Mr . Young proceeded to show that the present system in reference to the claims of labour and capital was deficient . He stated that a wealthy manufacturer of Norwich had lately died having accumulated upwards of £ 350 , 000 . That man had been in the habit of paying hi 3 labourers lOld . per day . He ( Mr . Young ) would have had an order for two ships , for the labour connected with which he should have paid within the last few months between £ 5 , 000 and £ 6 , 000 in the neighbourhood of his residence had it not been for the free-trade svstem .
Mr . Ktdd exerted his influence to obtain a fair hearing for both sides of the question ; and Mr . Alexander Campbell then rose to move the first resolution . He said the meeting , having entirely originated with the delegates of the London trades , he wished to mention that the Association for the Organisation of Trades had been two years in existence , having for its object the social and political improvement of the condition of the labouring classes . He said it was by no means an
impulse of the present moment which had originated this meeting , with a view to throwing their influences into the scale against contending parties , for in 1848 , before the breaking out of the French Revolution , the trades delegates who had called that meeting , met then to duscuss _ the very same principles . They had met that night . to discuss ' the rights of labour , on which alP other rights depend —( hear , hear , from Mr . Foskett ) - ^ and they were determined not to rest till these rights were vindicated and secured . lie had therefore to
propose to them the following resolution : —* ' That as labour is the source of all wealth , it evidently follows that the prosperity and independence of Great Britain and her colonies will be best promoted by employing and protecting tho greatest number ot a healthy , industrious , intelligent , and moral population , which can . be educated and comfortably maintained by their own industry ; and , therefore , in the opinion of tiu * 3 meeting , it is the first and most important duty of the British Legislature , arid her Majesty ' s Government , to adopt such measures as will best secure employment to " every one of the population , and for their labour an abundance of the necessaries and comforts of life . " These were the principles they sought to vindicate . He contended
that labour was the source of all wealth , and hy consequence that the greatest number of industrious , active , and intelligent labourers which could be supported in any country , was the best guarantee for promoting the prosperity of the country . ( A voice , "Yes , if you do away with machinery . " ) The latter part or the resolution adverted to the duty of the government . IIo knew the political economists , so called , said the government had nothing to do with labour , that the labouring classes must do the ba 3 t they conld for themselves , and that the government had only to make laws for the protection of property and capital . He maintained that the greatest capital in the kingdom was the labour of the people , but as their power of
production had increased , and as wealth had been accumulated , the condition of the labouring people had been deteriorated in proportion . They had been supplanted by scientific inventions , and by superabundance of labour in the market- * and they had been put into competition one with another , and compelled to undersell each other in the market . That was the system of tlip political economists . ( "tfo , no , " " hear , hear , " and disorder . } He proceeded to remind them that the principle of freetrade was to buy in the cheapest market possible . He said the working of this principle in the manufacturing districts was attended with the most
Horrible consequences . (" Oh , oh . " ) In the factories male labour had been successively superseded by female and cWJd labour , merely becaHse the one was cheaper than the other . ( " Was that the effect of free trade ! " ) The speaker then pointed to the destitution of Irelandas an illustration of the same princip le ( but a voice in the meeting told Mm , " Mat ' s the landlords' doing . ' . ' ) ' He continued to argue that no country could be independent which depended on another for its food ; but : he was interrupted fre quently with hisses and groans and cheers throughout the remainder of his address . . The Chairman said he had to ask their attention ; for their own sakesto _ _ . ; ' - ... ' / r ; J
, . _ , ;;_ ^ Mr . Ferdinando , a Spitalfields silk weaver ;" - He said : Various parties are now offering themselves to the working classes of this : country . You have the Parliamentary and Financial Reformers —( loud chows)—the Free-traierij of the Manehegter . SQliool ,
and what , are termed' the Protectionists . . •> ( ffissesarid ' eriea of " Order ;* ' ) - ^ he * trades have not leagued 1 themselye 3 , wHh the ; Tory ^^ ' Protectionisit party ; and a » to the Maneheater ^ School ,. we . conceive tbeip commercial principles are wrong ; and we know fdl ' wellV ' that ' their- 'labour '' -principles are wrong ! - ( tChesrs ;) - Yon have ji ' opower to regulate your own pric e ? of labour ; freedom of labour has no ^ existence ¦ — , jfr , j > rather freedom pf robbery . ( Cheers . ) The : regulatara of the ¦ wages of labour by the law of sup . ply . " arid demand ^ does not " secure us a fair day ' s wages for a- fair dayVwork , - ( ' ' Shot-up ?' "laughter . ); TherefiM-eitbe ; working men . caimot rely upon the-MancBester ScheolU . But if we are- to- have proteotion againj . the mere-restoration of the corn bill
of Sb Robert Peel , will ; riot do . I It must b » wide and comprehensive ,, and ' the- home- '/ markeS must be secured , to home- , indnetry . The monetary laws must be altoredj . too ; , and other . changes effected . The old protective system ,, riot ithe ; tariff of l 8 iO . § av e prosperity to the . Spitalfields silk weavers ; ut-Mr .. Huski 880 n * s measures in 1826 ; threw" © at of work 7 , 000- looms . The export tr :: de of silk geods in 1836 and I 83 T amounted in ' value' t& £ 900 , 000 , and in 1 S 42 it amounted onlyto £ d 30 , 000 : So thai we exported only half a million , whilst we imported two millions . Hero is the good ofthe reciprocity system : you have a loss of something' like a million and a half in your exchanges in the artiele of silk goods alone . ( Interruption . ) I ask , then , has free
trade operated beneficially : for the -bilk trade ? ( " Certainly . " ) Under , the old protective system the Spitnlfields weaver earned his 14 s . a week ; at present he got no more than 6 s . They are suffering , with theh' ^ amilies , a lingering execution—they ' being slowly murdered by the ' cold-blooded philOT sophy of the Manchester School . ( Cheers , hisses , and confusion . ) 1- will tell you one more fact—( " You hav * nt given us any yet—sit down" )—during the late visitation of cholera , the disease notoriously proved most fatal whei'Q the destitution was greatest . ( Hisses . ) / y ; ' . y y Mr . Thomas Clabk said ho stood , forward to move a direct amendment on the resolution before the meeting , because he found that , with all its talk
about protection , it took no notice of what was the greatest of all protection—the protection of ' the vote . : ( Loud cheers . ) He discovered in these : resolutions , submitted by the trades delegates of London , an endeavour to seduce the intelligent working class of London- into lending themselves to a wil | i attempt to resuscitate protection y The last resolution in the list had a tail to it , which had-been cut off since the meeting assembled .. He alluded to the words " praying her Majesty to dissolve Parliament , and thereby , give an opportunity to those who hold the . elective franchise in trust for the whole people to elect such representatives . who will insure protection to every class of-her Majesty ' s : subjects throughout-the . British empire / ' So . that he was
correct in stating that the promoters of this meeting wished to mislead the working classes into a movement which would bindthem hand and foot to those exclusive holders of the franchise who refused the people a right to-vote- for themselves . If Parliament were dissolved , the present unjustly limited constituency would doubtless return such men as Mr . ' Bushfeild Ferrand , ex-member for Knaresborqughj who , in a'late speech in Scotland , lauded the conduct of the Emperor of Austria . , ( Groans . ) That ,-hemaintained , was not a fair representation of the intelligence of the working classes . .. .. Tho amendment he had to propose ran in the same words as the resolution itself , excluding , however , all reference to Protection : and it finished with the
following addition : " And this can be done , not by any further legislative interference , but bytheremoval of all the remaining impediments to tho freo exercise , of industry , and by the reduction of the amount and an alteration in the present unjust system'of taxation—( hear , hear)—by the repeal of the laws of- primogeniture and entail —( cheers)—together with a system of parliamentary reform , embracing- a suffrage which shall enfranchise the whole adult male population of the country . " ( Loud and general cheering . ) . He did not wish to tHrow discredit upon those behind him on the platform ; but he must say the protection which they wanted was not for working men ; it was no protection at nil . Mr . Campbell , in speaking of Manchester , only told half the truth , ar id it therefore fell to his lot to tell the rest . He asked who they were that composed the manufacturing population at that moment ?
Were they not persons who -had been driven by tho tyranny : of , the landlords from the rural districts into the manufacturing towns ? Protection never could be re-imposed , and if it were , it . could not advantage the Spitalfields weaver , who ] for the last twenty years , under the influence of protection , had been suffering evils that had been daily increasing . Protection was never intended but to increase the price of the working men ' s foodr— : The Chairman : No , no . ( Cries of " yes , yes ; go on Clark / ' ) / v Mr . Clark : It was intended to get them a higher price'for the " fanners' corn , ana to add to the amount - of the . landlords' rent , . and there their patriotism ended . Why do . they . not reduce their rents to meet the , low prices ? ( Cheers . ) Did any one present imagine the corn-law could ever be reimposed ? Mr . P . Foskexi : Oh , no !
Mr . Clahk : Ah ! that touched the sore . ( Laugh-, ter . ) - The speaker proceeded to state that wages had decreased in the manufacturing districts ; and he thought the expenditure of government ought to be reduced in proportion , and the burdens shiftod to the proper shoulders—to the shoulders of the landlords . As for Protection ; the best protection they could have would be . the non-interferenco of government with trade . The people knew their own business best , and could attend to it . The speaker concluded amid cheers , and cries of "Bravo !"
> Mr . Taylor seconded the amendment . The protection that he wished for was to he protected in his cheap loaf . ( Cheers . ) Government had no right to interfere with commerce or religion : it ought to confine itself to the administration of justice . Did ( he asked ) that movement originate from the working classes desiring protection ? , ( "No , no ! " and f Yes , yes ! " ) Surely the chairman must have ssully misunderstood the sentiments of the working men of that district , for if it had been them who had called the meeting , one would think they would have certainly supported him .- - , ¦ -
Mr . Hatbon , a working man , nexi stood forward to support the amendment . They all knew that labour was the source of all wealth ; but the poor working man , who was the chief instrument in accumulating it , received none of it—it was all absorbed by the Protectionists and millionaires . If a gentleman had a horse , and worked it only half of the year , he must provide it with food for the rest of the twelve months ; but the moment the labouring man ' s work ceased , that moment his jaws ceasea also . ( A laugh . ) ' . Let them secure to themselves a voice in the Legislature , and then they could afterwards talk about adjusting the question of capital and labour . ( Cheers .- ) As to what , the chairman
had said about the competition of foreign shipbuilders , a Gateshead , paper of last week stated that the ship-Kuilders of ' . the north had fifty ships ordered . That did not look as if the repeal of the Navigation Laws would ruin them .:.: He would aski was the country , on the whole , ever in a . better state than it was now ? -,. ( A voice from the platform , "Oh , yes , it was . never in a worse state . " ) Well , then , admitting the bad state of the country to he as that gentleman represented , what was it all owing to but to protection ? for free trade had not had a'breathing yet ; it was scarcely christened yet —( a laugh ) - ^ -and they should wait till it attained . to manhood before they condemned it . ( Cheers . )
Mrl Richabd Oastlkr having been introduced to the meeting by the chairman , rose to address it amidst great confusion . As soon as his voice was audible , we heard him saying that he was now too old and feeble to be heard above many voices , and he trusted they would grant him their patience and silence . He had coine there by the invitation of Mr . Delaforce , the secretary to the aasociatiori , for the organisation of trades , from Broadstairs to discuss the question of protection to labour before the working men © f London . And first he would advertise them that the question of labour and capital couldnot . be disposed of in anger , or amidst clamour ; it required great mildriess ; good temper and calmness to handle it judiciovsly . It was , indeed , in ine
the great question that naayet to oe soiveo civilised worldr- ( hear , hear)—and whatever form of government they might obtain , and whatever might be the reduction of taxation , although they might abolish entail and . primogeniture , still , unless the government understood and applied the principle regulating the industrial increases of society—the increase of wealth—thei rich capitalist would still continue to crush the labourer . , He would not discuss about the best form ' of government or representation , because the best iriode of regulating the industrial pursuits of the country / so as to bring the largest proportion of the fruits of labour Tvitnin the reach of the working man , ttas entirely independent of all these considerations :: and was always the primary duty , of any government . ( "Cut it short , " and confusion . ) Oh , clamour had no more before
effect upon hirii'than as is if they passed a fly his face ; and if they-would not hear him speak he would sit down . This question had never been truly di 8 c ' ussed yet . ; . When he was . in the Fleet prison —( a laugh)—it was-thought to -have been settled . They might laugh , but he had been three years and four months in prison—and he was gladof it , ; b < icaus 6 it had made him acquainted with a ; -great ; inahy > iwise and good men , _ that he would not . IotherwiSe have known . When the Corn-law .. Parliament was ., sitting , in -London he ¦ sent : to ' ¦ Mr . . Stansfield , one of the delegates , and told him to tell Mr .. Cobden , \ M he ( Mr . ' Oastler' ) could ' riot come out of prison , . he chaUenged him to meet him in a large room where thegentlemen ; . oHhe ; press : could : be present , and ^ where they might , dUcuss freoti-ade ; andthathe ( Mr . Oastler ) was prepared with no . othor authority in his Hand but Adam Smith's ttwSj to prove out tf
itRat . that . free trade waS ^ inluvious-to any oowLti'S 1 ' ifp 8 ses , cheers , a ' nd ren % ed ' confusjonir ^ ' ^ r-they dirt not like that—he , knew'tliey ^ didnotlikoitt ? : ' He ionJy ; wanted , to ^ cpnyince '' tliem- that he had Mason for saying that the question ' had ' not been fairly dis-; cu 8 setf . Well , rMr . ¦ ' Gobden sent him ' no answernone' a 6 air- but nexfc'day'threo delegates ^ called upon-Ma * from the Anti-Corn Law Leaguej . ' aod they togeSheiydisqussed'thennestion . Those gentlejtn , en ; were veryrriuch struck witli whathe showed theiri dut : of / Adam SmithVl : direpyy = opposed ; to tb * pmciples of free . trade / directiy proving thaimuttial ' interaal'ex-change , of productious . was tvrice as productive to tber . co untry / asexternalcommerceV After t ¦
haS thofrce-Krademeasures wer ' o passed , aridSir Roberti Pfeelj stated in the- House of C'onimons that ltwMnottohiraselt . or ^ to ^ hpnoble lord that the honoar of . haying passed these measures ought to be given ,, bub that it ought ' tb'bergivcfttd Mvt Cobden , whose eloquence arid whose appeals to reason had convmeedi the country o £ the truth : of freai trade . Very , well- ;; ho (( Mp ,, 0 a 8 tlor ) iturned . no \ f to Mr . Cobden ^ and . asserted . that Mr . Gpbden had not attempted . to' demonstrate the troth- pt '; free- . trade . ( Oh , oh . ) 1 , He , wished i to give no offence ' to any irian living , bufc truth' was truth , and as long as he , was able to speak m . defence of the righfe of industry , Ho would defendvbhem by tho principles , of truth .,. Now he had shown-Ithem that the great qitesfaon ha ' dbeeh
settiea ayweQlybySir . Robert reel ' . upontho demonstrativeargriirients of Mr . ' Cobden : But what did Mr . Cobden himself say ? ' Jhoy would ' perhaps listen tchim while he ' read his . words , and be sar- ^ prised to learn thafc he deprecated dweasaion ,: stating that it had . been already 'demonstrated by ^ dam Smith , ^ Ricardbj arid bthersi They ! jrottld find the passage he alluded ' to in his firsfc ^ mariifesto issued upon the question of the establishmentof tho . Anti-Corn-law League , No . 1 ; Anti-Corn-law League Circular , arid it was" the following ' : ^ " At length ; however , the obvious truth which Adam ' Smith , Ricardo , and others had so clearly demonstrated , that these restrictions and prohibitions upon trade tend , in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred , to
divert . thc national industry frotn natural and remunerative pursuits ; into' artificial and less productive channels ' , Svaa reoogriised' by the statesriieh of this country . ;! from this : time- the justice or injuatice of the corn laws assumes a new shape . It is no longer on , e of doubfc-to the honest inquirer , but presents itself simplified and divested of : every difficulty ;¦ and all attempts to carry us back in the discussion of the subject beyond the period when the principle of free trade was applied to commerce , shipping , and manufactures of this country and the oolonios , shall be avoided as supererogatoryj ; 'hnd tending to mistify what has . been from ! that tinie to this a plain
and unembarrassed question . ; [ As the meeting was by this time becoming impatient , the reading of this " extract was followed by disorder throughont the hall . ] r , -. ...,, _„ . r Mr . Oastler : Do you . wish to hoar mo ?; - ( ' ^ No , no ;" -. and great corifusibniduring which the honourable gentleman continued to . occupy his place in frontof- the platform ; voices throughout the meeting 8 houtirig . out " Putthoamendment . " ) Mr . Oastleb contrasted their opinion of what waa fair dealing with that which lie obtained ' in Yorkshire , * nd was proceeding again to andress them ; but he was met by increased shoutsof " Put the amendment . " ' . " : '" '"¦¦"¦ ' . " . ' . ' .. '" . ' ~*~ ¦ ¦
The CiutRMAN V No : ' I willdo no such thing till every individual has been heard ; ( Shouts , noise , and disorder again , rose throughout the hall , and continued forfa . timej while all on the platform , Mr . Oastler i still wanted to address , them , continued _ to look on with every possible ^ appearance of calm indifference . ) ¦ -- ' - ¦ ¦ ¦ ¦' - - ¦ - Ji ; ... ' ¦ ... : ¦ ¦ ¦ \'\ . m : Dr . Brooks in vain appealed to their veneration for the old man who stood ready-to address their chairman ; meanwhile declaring that it was the first meeting he had attended in which the chairman was not . listened to . ; The Chairman : Will . you hear me ? ( Shoutsof "No , no , " and laughter . ) Then I will put the amendment . Again the storm roso and again it fell , till for about ten minutes at a time , both . par-. ties in the singular scene had contemplated each other almost in solemn silence .
Mr . Clark then came forward and was received with cheers . IIo appealed to the chairman and Mr . Oastler , on account of the lateness of the hour , and the necessity for the gentlemen connected . with the press leaving with the decision of the meeting on the question at issue , that the chairman ought to put the question . ' Jl The C-nAiBMAN : No , no . " . Here followed a scene which ifc is impossible to describe ; opponents were engaged in wordy warfare across the chairman ' s table , and even the chairman was , fora time , drawn into the strife , Mr . Oastler meanwhile looking on with grave stolidity , and the meeting almost hushed into foi'getfulness of their importance by the scene . presented on the . platforni .
But sundry gesticulations , of a mysterious meaning , across the chairman ' s table , electrified tho meeting into new signs of-life , shouts , and cheering , aria cries of " vote , vote . " This startled the combatants on the platform for a moment into something like decorutri , but the next minute the chairman's table was again the centre of verbal conflict and the barrier of contending' parties . " "Again , at the solicitation pf Mr . Kydd for a fair hearing , the meeting was so far quieted that Mr , Oastler was able to , enunciate half a sentence in ; the way of gathering up the thread of his argument ; but an immense shout arose throughout the hall which it was quite hopeless to contend with . Both parties , therefore—Mr . Oastler and his audience—at length surveyed each other in silence for at least a quarter ofan hour .
A Voice : Put the amendment . ' The CiiAinMAN : Not till every one who wishes to address you has been heard . . I have sanctioned that which , I perhaps ought not to have done , the discussion of this question here Dy those opposed to it in a meeting convened to support it . You may clamour , but . that shallnotkeepmefrom doing my duty . .- ( The occupants of the % laSb « m agairi divided into parties , arid engaged in vehement argut ment . ) _ ... ~\ \ The CnAiBUAS ! What do you wish , gentlemen ? ¦ Voices in tho meeting : Put the amendment . The' CnAinkAN : Respectfully , Twill riot do that till every one is heard . ( Another interval ensued , during which . Mr . Oastlor remained ih \ idtu quo , in front of the table , the rest groubed at random .
MrPaul Posketfc thoughtfully with his back to the wall o ' iTtho right ' of thc " chair , and the meeting intensely engaged- in- giving three enthusiastic ' ' cheers for something which none of the gentlemen connected with the press . knew anything about . ) ' ¦ y . Thb Chairman V . Oeritleriien , will you ploase to recollect that you have heard three speeches for tho amendment ; Mr . Oastler's is the first speech against it . But if you have come here to refuse hearing what .. does not suit you , that is not a kind , of fair discussion which I will consent to presido over .. ( Cheers and laughter , and roars , which continued for a time . ) Mr . Oastleb again-essayed to address tlio meeting , but his . first words were the signal for the
renewal once more of interrupting yells and hisse 3 , rendering it utterly impossible for him to proceed . Atlengtn a | brief-lull took place , and he seized the opportunity to continue his remarks . Ho held that guilds ought to be established to regulate every trade , and proteot the poor man from tho rapacity and oppression of the capitalists . , ( Cries of " time , time , " and confusion . ) He thought an export trade advantageous alone to the few , so long as tho workriieri were not adequately provided with supplies of tho article they madoi , Mr . Oastler was next . proceeding to descant ' . on the . evils of infant labour in the factories , when a person on the platform reminded him that he had promised to occupy no more than five minutes longer . Approaching
tho person who . interrupted him ; Mi \ Oastler oxclaimed with great iridigiiatidn , 'f I ripver agreed to five minutes—riot I !¦" '^ Thislecl to ' another outburst of yells and hisses , which arrested tho apeaker for some time , but after it bad ; subsided , ' he continued with ' yehemence , " I was observing , ar id I intend to be heard yet " - ;( Groans ) . ' ' : ' Mr . Clark , interposed to entreat the meeting to listen patiently to Mr . Oastler ' a romarha ; at the same time , however , administering a gentle rebuke to the _ resolute and pertinacious veteran , by recommending huri to consult- the convenience of the meeting by . beirig as briof as possible . Mri Oasileh replied : I think I have consulted its convenience , and I insist upon being hoard yet . I will give youanothor illustration . ( Eenewed uproar . ) Mr . Cobden stated at Leeds ( here ; he wa 3 interrupted again by a ' person in jtho body of the meetiriVproposinff three cheers for Mr . -Cobden ,
which were hearfcfly . given ; upon . which Mr . ; A ; Campbell got up a counter manifestation on behalf ofMr . Oastler , which . -however , seemed to be " concurred in by the occupantsbf the right side of tho platformalerie . ) ' " , ' ' ' ' y . ¦ ; Hero Mr . Kydd took the opportunity , to explain some remarks affecting himself , made by Mr . Clark in the course of . his speech , arid lhrew ; down the gauntlet to the latter gentleman on , the question of Freo Trade and Protection . ; Mr . Clark apologised , and accepted the . challenge ; and this episode' terminated . : ; Mr . Oastlor ; again . iriadd , is if he would speak from the place he had never quitted , but he was received with deafening cheors , amid which Dr . Brooks , if w ; emight judgei from the alternate ; opening and shutting of , his mouth , was making , gveat efforts to be hoard , andfthe chairman sat gestioulating ominously with head and . stick ,, for his walking oane by this time had becomo his wand of omoo .
Dr . BrooSs ; You see it is too late ; = I think ao too ' ; arid therefore beg leave to move the adjournment ; bf this ' meeting . '( "Ah , ahV '^ and groans from the meeting , with cries , of- ' nover , never . " ) ; The' Chairman , moved by the obatinacy of thoso ho had to deal with ; ' rushed from his seat fand planted hjmself in frpnt , 6 f the table on tho verge of the platform , Mr . Paul Eoskett : at . tho same time bustling from the position at tho ' wall , and . placing hfa » piy bulls ia a Mao witUMr , ygpg . ¦ ^ ;
" ^ e ' CHAiRjurtnen ^ ap ^ alingl ^ said he had received ; otireriamoridments ,. bu * ho jsdeir 'tie could " n ; ot . entertaintmo ' r . e :-: thaff en ' o at ' a tirae ; ' However ,, tho amendment , for adjournment was" --orio < whieh ; took - precedence '¦ of all' ofchers . ( Shcratff- and yells * from the ( meeting , '; who seethed ri teridi * that he waH about , to outmanoeuvre tiiem !) The eijAtiiMjisil r Hearme . : Ido : not . wiahyoui ^ o aujoumj- 'ifyoo do not wish it , then do hothold up your Sands for it . ' " ¦¦ - \ ¦ . ' - ¦ . > ' ¦" ¦ <"¦ ' ¦'¦''' < : - . ' ^ 'Thn- ' nnd * tiATTf& « f' - o / lii * mrnTnftnfc . »« na - * l ^ rt » i- nnlrAMJi JbJiu uubviuu % mitl \ ir Ut 3 VllfJll f
. awa U . U WK >**** TT UU | il / lU ' rejected b ^ all bufcabout a- dozen individuals , with ' ; loud cheeriag .-. ,, ,, '¦"¦ ¦• -y ' ( The Chairman dojgjodly Teturned to his chair bei . & 5 nd the tablfe'arid ' sesrting Kfeiself with almost dan ^ gerousforce , ^ Now , "he saidjr ^' you-BiHst liear ' Mr , © astlor , " ( TerriBlo . d ' sorderand ma-lrcious bursts ^ offljiughter . lroin the body of the-meeting . );'' "; , Br . - . Hickman " ^ ;» = ' weaver , 'in : the meantime , below tlie-platform , reminded Jftj . VOas ' tler of SBridry . promises not to speak if they did not-wish to . hear hi « i ; and Mr , ¦ ¦"• piarh-appealed to ; tho clisirmnn ^ to put it to thy meeting whether ; ' they - . ' wished' tp : hear Mr . Oashlar ^ . ¦ . '" . ' . '""' . ' ' ' '•" . " ' ' ' . '"¦ ¦ -. "'
. The Cdaieman OBoe'rijore made-an eflrort ' to quell the rebellious : spiritof'thoaiadiencei . and used his most coaxing wordsi-but'the effeefc-wasindescribabl& disorder ; vociferations / whistling , ' cheers , with tho . dplHferat . e introdnctioh of "" hip ,, hip ; hurrah , " dogs barking , and . every conceivable intonation of human . and canine . sound ; . , . . , . Y .. ' f Mr ; GiiABK at length came to the front of the platform ,-and said ^ : Gentlemen , I move that the chairman do vacate , the- chair , as having MosS the confidenceof thismeetiDg ; ' ' ° - . ' .-A ' n J ? . yas-secohdedana ' puti-cTin . d oamed'b ' y avast display , of hands , some fiveop " six being held-. up to the . contrary / . ¦•¦ . . ... i . ° . .- r . Mri G . F ;' Toung still kept the impoi'tant seat . - Mr . Clare - ^ I move that Mr . Hickman do take tlio chair . . . ' . U / ..:.:. ' . ¦ .:, -. . ¦¦ " . ' ; ; This was pufr and carried wifcliout a dissentient ;
All eyes were-now turned to the chair r but there sat Mr . Young , authoratitiyely grasping his upraised cane , wfiich rested on the- table , bislips compressed ,, and hia-. head significantly nodding consentto his own internal resolves .. : , .: Mi'J Hickman , a weaver , then camo forward to the front of the chairman ' s table , but Mr . Young having refused to vacate his seat , another chair was brought and the rival chairmen sat side , by side . Mr . Hickmari then put the amendment pro , and con ., and declared it carried unanimously . He also said , "I declare tbia meeting dissolved . " The meeting instantly dispersed' till only about
, a hundred were left in the room ., Mr . Young then announced that they should be able now to get on with their business , since the noisy part had left them . ; - Mr ; Oasileu accordingly resumed his speech , amid a loud tramping noise , which comically kept pace with every syllable as it' fell from . his lips , and entirely drowned the articulation . He concluded by telling them he had had is say in spite of them . 1 Mr . P . Foskeit then , taking off his hat , ga , vetho compariy " . Mr . Oastler , " and with a :. " hip , hip , hiirrah , " led off the select chorus on the platform in three cheers . ' ¦ ¦ ¦¦ ¦ ¦ - . - ; ¦ - . - .--, ¦ '
Mr . A . Campbellmoved , and Mr . Delaforcb seconded , the adjournment of the meetinw . , This was declared carried , and the chairman ( Mr . Tdung , ) with Mr . Foskett , Mr . A . ; Campbell , Mr . Delaforce , and others , descended , and left the hall amidst the hootings of the workmen who had « rremained . : . v ¦ . r . = : - _ ; ¦ . There was no attempt to put tho first resolution ; and the second . and third , though printed and distributed to the gentlemen of the press , were not so much as read . They wore as follows : —
" That tho unrestricted foreign cheap labour policy which has . been for ; a series of years encouraged by . the Legislatures of this kingdom , and greatly extended by . the present Parliament , is , in the opinion of this , meeting , theoretically wrong and practically injurious to the industrious classes , by compelling them to enter into unfair competition with capital at home and abroad , destructive to the general prosperity of Great Britain and her-colonies , dangerous to the stability of the Empii'o , and opposed to the independence and happiness of the whole British population . "
i ^ That as the principle of Protection for Native Industry is founded on justice to all , and as the acts of the present Legislature have been opposed to these sentiments and injurious to the welfare of the British population , a memorial founded on the foregoing resolutions be presented to her Majesty , praying her Majesty to dissolve the present Parliament , and thereby give an opportunity to those who holdj the elective franchise in trust for , the whole people to elect such representatives who will insure protection to every class of hev Majesty ' s subieets throughout the British Empire . " .
ROYAL POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTION . We have previously noticed the ; Tory excellent lecture delivered by Dr . Baebhoffner at this Institution , indeed , so interesting and so entertaining is this subject of Philosophy or Recreation , that a few remarks will be but justice to its accomplishment . The Doctor treats the subject in quite a new mode ; first of all introducing his experiments under mystic guise , to the astonishment of all beholders , aiterwards ,- however , explaining their manner of execution , and the laws by which such remarkable changes are governed . The bottle trick was introduced ' under two distinct forms ; first of ; all sherry , port , milk , water , and champagne , were poured from a common bottle filled in tho first instance with plain water the change produced in touring out the fluid was truly astonishing , arid
seemeti ; certainly to partake of conjuring as much as anything we had ever witnessed ; the Doctor , however , explained tho cause of such by charging similar glasses with certain . compounds in small quantities , so small as to escape detection even when closely . observed , and these compounds produced , when brought in . contact with the fluid in the bottle ,, the various appearances jof winerriiilk , fee . Not only th » 3 , - wherein ' appearance ~ 6 nly was m'odueed , but another magic bottle of . the Doctor's found out' eau-de-vie , sherryyport ; noyeau , and many other compounds ^ all drinkable , and of firstrate quality , in this increasing the wonder and
surprise he had previously created .. By a variety of conclusive experiments , the Doctor pointed out the laws governing these apparent anomalies , the latter experimentbeing dependent upon pneumaticul laws for its production , while the former formed an important fact in chemical science , a knowledge of which , and similar changes ,, enabled the practical chemist to perform his apparently , difficult task of analysis . In conclusion , the" Doctor' begged to be understood , that although he . might apparently have been conjuring , yet he hoped that they would not for so doing consider him a conjurer . The lecture was numerously attended .
Tale of a " Water Dog . " —A very extraordinary and unprecedented occurrence took place on board the Ayrshire , a ship belonging to Mr . Warren , of Hounsditch , on . her homeward voyage from Calcutta , in May last . Shortly after tho ship had crossed the line , Captain Browne , the master , had occasion to pull at a rope , passing through a block , which was badly , secured with . some rope yarn . Whilst tugging at the rope the , block gave way , and his own impetus suddenly carried : him over the side , A noble Newfoundland dog , which was a- great favourite' on board , with the generous instinct natural to its species , jumped in to ' -his master ' s rescue , and , seizing him by the collar , brought him alongside , when both were hoisted on boards It was
only then that the danger to which the captain : and his brave deliverer had been subjected , became fully evident . A huge shark , which had boen playing for some time about the ship , watching for windfalls , had marked the captain tor its prey , and was makingtowavds him just as his four-footed deliverer hounded to hig assistance . They did not , however , escape altogether unscathed , for . just as they were getting up the side their voracious assailant bit off half of the poor dog's tail . The gratitude of the captain for his double escape will bsbetter-felt than doscribod , offeoted as it was in so providential a manner . Tho poor dog , who was , of course much caressed , suffered a good deal from the injury , but was ultimately cured . ; A Protectionist ' s Consistency . —Mr * Disraeli das Raised his Rents . —B . BisraelyEsq . vM . P ., is at this moment receiving an , advanco oi about Cs » per acre upon his farm land . ' Two of his tenants
have left their farms . Ho will not , however , abate bntf single farthing of this 68 . per acre advanco . Sir Robert PeeL may , if he chooses , come down twenty per cent ., arid the agricultural interest may bo in such a fix thatjand is becoming useless lumber , but it is , nevertheless a broad fact that th 4 mighty alarmist himself recently purchased land from the executors of the late John Norris , Eso ., of . Hughenden House , upon whioh he is now receiving tho advance we iiave : stated . The , rental of the ; farm occupied by Mr , Abraham Gillett has . beeii raised vs less than £ 50 , and Mr . Redrup , the present oceupicr , is required to pay down the increased amo \ mt : If this is talse , Mr . Disraeli will be pleased ^ perhaps , to come to the . County Hall on Wednesday night , arid contradict it , face to face , with . Mr . Cobden ^ \ If it Is true ,, then farmers may judge of the sincerity , patriotism , and eloquence of tha Braden . ham hero . —Bucks Advertiser . ¦ :: ;¦¦ , r . ; ; .-. ; ¦
Rent of Houses . —AcorrespcndenVof the Wct ' cesier ' Herald says "A . Housekeeper ? ' writes on this flubieot : — " Whilst thero is so much said about vent on land coming down , not a word is heard about the Trent on housos . lam sure that in this borough the rent and local rates on houses occupied iby tradesmen is as unreasonably high as the rent and county rates on any ' farni ; whilst' tho expenditure of tho landlords must'be . greatly ; diminished , not . only ^^ in domestic outlay , butin everything nqoessary for tho repairs of their property . I hope that = ere long a ' House-rent Reform Association will spring ; up , it beingi'like the * good time coming , ' hot before it is wanted . "" xhr-vS . * : - ' - ¦ . ' . ' ¦ ' '' ^ V-- iv " -f- : ' '"
BisHnr ^ Djjsc BiBKi );—Most certain is . ( as ail ourgtoriesbeal" witness ) , that . eyer .. since their ( the prelates ) coming $ 0 the see of Canterbury , for . nearly 1 . 200 .-years " - ? : tp speak of them in general ,. they ; have , been in England , to our souls—a sad ar . d doleful succession of illiterate and blind guides , to our . v purses and goodsr-a ' wastefHl band of robbcrB— -a perpetual havoc arid rapine ,, to rar state , a continual hydra of mischief and molestation—tli 3 forge of discord aiid jrebelhon :, this . is : the trophy of their antiquity and ; boasted suceession . thir&ngh so . many , ages : and- fin ? these prelate-martyrs tbjyy glory of , they are to be ijudged what they were by the gospel , and' not tha gospel bythm :-Jo / in Mlton . '( if Reformation iri England . 1641 . y ; , : ' ; ; . Snow . —Wiater ' s dressing gown . : ! .. ; . Ice . —The skact of the ri 7 L'r ' B bed . . .
; Icicles .-Nature ' s pen ^ mts , manufactured froni gains of the purest water . ; . . ¦ -.-.- ¦¦¦¦¦¦ SfeV . —A bill iv&rm by N % lifc . and Co ., taken 111 » aiid accepted by the Sun . . ¦ :-. ; .-F ® b . —The clouds * embrace-..- / ::..-. V y . . , " Burning Watkr > iNSTSAirojrLAMP Oil . —The New JforfcSun has a'letter from ; Worcester , Massachusetts , in which the writer claims to have invented and put , in use , aaappara * us which separates the bsygeni of which water is composed , and produces gases for lights . Thfe-it does at no other expense than tbafc of machinery—as no material but water is used . The water is decomposed' by , a current of electricity ; evolved by the apparatus . The labour of five minutes , once in twohours in the day , in wind " , inj ; up tJie-inacbine , is sJJthat is required to produce 250 cubic-feet of gas . The expense-of the machine is 300 dollars , and it can be carried by a man under his aim . Such is the description of . it . Time will determine whether it is even so .
WoMAif . —Tlie mornfng . star of our youth ; the day stp . r of our manhood p the evening star of oiir age . God bless our stars I ' .. , . Old and Kotten . — -There was much sound palpable argument in the reply of a country hd to an aristocrat , who boasted Kb ancieat family ;— " So much the worse-for you , " said ; the peasant ; " as we ploughmen say , 'The older the seed , the worse the crop . '" : ; . Accounts from Tuscany state , that the priests have commenced prosecutions against two printers of Florence , for having ,. under the republic , printed a translation' of the New Testament in Latin . < It is stated , 011 tho authority of Sir F . Eelly , that since the commencement of the present century , upwards of forty persons-. mnle and female-have been , hung , who were entirely innocent of the crimes laid to their charge .
Man's Injustice to Women . —The fact is , that men have increased woman ' s inferiority , till they are almost sunk below the standard of rational creatures . Let their faculties have room to unfold ; and their virtues to gain strength , and then deternrne where the whole sex roust stand in the intellectualigcale . It is difficult for us purblind mortals to say to what height : human discoveries and improvements ' - jriay arrive when the gloom of . despotism subsides j'bttt wemay safely predict that when morality shairbe settled on a more solid basis , women will be . eitber . the friends or the slaves o ! ' man , and not , as at present , be mocked with empty praise ; or have ' their improvement impeded to gratify his sensual appe « tites . Surely there can he but one rule of right , if
morality has an eternal foundation j and whoever sacrifies virtue , strictly so called , fo present inconvenience , or whose duty it is to act in such a manner , lives only for the passing day , and cannot be ' an accountable creature . , If women be really capable of acting like rational creatures , let them not be treated like slaves , or like the brutes who are impendent on the reason of man , when they associate with him ; on the contrary , cultivate their mind- * , give them the salutary and sublime curb of principle , and' let them attain conscious dignity by feeling themselves only dependent on God . Teach them , in common with man , to submit wiih necessity , instead of giving to render them' more pleasing , a sex to morals . — Ifary Wollstonecraft ' . . '
. A Littls boy hearing his father say that ' . ' . there Lwas a time for all things , " , climbed up behind his mother ' s chair , ar . d whispering in her ear , asked , " When was the proper time for hook'ng sugar out of the s'igar basin . " \ If a girl has pretty teeth she laughs often , if she ' s got a pretty foot , she'll wear a short dress ; and if she ' s got a neat hand , she ' s fond of a game of whist ; and if the reverse , she dislikes all these small affairs . Aif Expatriated confederate thus depicts the position of the Irish in the United States : — " They are shunned and despised . The name of Irish politics is anathema , and Ireland is as much a subject of con « tempt as of pity . 'My mas ' er is a great tyrant , ' said a negro , lately , ' he treats me as badly as if I was a common Irishman . " The Province of Mini ' stcr , ' « from information of the most authentic sort , " corroborates Mr . B . 's statement .
A Wisk Lasdlobi ) . —One night a judge , a military , officer , and a priest , all applied for lodging at an inn where thsre was bat one spnre bed , and the landlord was called upon to decide which had the best claim of the three . " I have lain fifteen years in the garrison at B . ; " said the officer . " I liave sat as judge twenty years in JR ,., " said the judge . " With your leave , gentlemen , I bave stood in the ministry twenty-five years at N . / ' said tlie priest . " That settles the dispute , " said the landlord . " You , Mr . Captain , have lain fifteen years—you , ; Mr . Judge , have sat twenty years—but the aged pastor has stood nve-and-twenty years , so he cei tainly- has the best right to the bed . "
Why is every teacher of music necessarily a good teacher ?—Because he is a sound instructor . . " Ma , do you know why horses don ' t wear hats ?" — "No , Ji . hnny . " '"' Cause it would give them a hoss'tik appearance . " ' " Electricity axd thf Holy Tkmple . —The Temple of Jerusalem stood unionched by a single stroke of lightning for 1 , 009 years , in a region of thunder . This glorious edifice was studded or bristled over with gilded iri > ri spikes . Their object was to prevent tho roofs being made resting-places for birds , flies , or insectsi but aoother and "
unexpected purpose •„ was fulfilled by these bristled roofs—the gilding ' prevented the spikes from oxidating , and rendered them at all times admirably adapted to ward away irregular , quantities of electricity . If that fluid- prevailed above , it-was silently and effectually carjied down" by the points and gilded pillars / quoins and- ' columns , to the earth " . If excessive below , the current was conveyed up by the same golden channels , and flowed away into the air from tho millions ; of noints which studded the glittering , ' roofs . — SirJi 'tifunaifs Elcctnoitytb Cauieof Cholera . . .. ' .
The Strong MADB . WEA . K . —At the police-court of Uiis city ( Boston , ) a-week or two since , a man was charged with being- a common drunkard , who was onco a publisher aad editor of a leading political paper in this city . He bad sat at the private boards of Webster and Clay , and sipped their wine .. At the inauguration of I&rrison he might have been seeu standing in the east front of the Capitol at Washington with the strongest men of the nation . ' Ha mingled , in fashianable life , drank deep of pleasures , and fell a victim to them , Reduced in circumstances , he wandered from hid home , leaving his family to look out for . themselves . Becoming destitute , and frequently frantia with ielirbim tremeiis , he was at last arraigned oa a charge cf hejng a 0111-mon drunkavd . to which he pleaded ' guilty . —illio England Washinqtonian . .
Number of Miles that a Printer s Hand Travels . —Although a printer , may . be setting all day , yet in hia own way he is a great traveller ; or at least his hand is , as we shall prove . A good printer will set 8000 ems a day * or about 24 . 9 G 0 letters . The distance traveled over by his hand will average one foot per tetter , going to the boxes hi which they are contained and of coujse returning , making two feet every better he sets * This would-, make . a distance each day . of ^ OOO . feet ^ or a little more than nine miles j and iri the oourse of a year , leaving out Sundays , that membgr travels about 3 . 000 miles ! Robinson CRSfSfaj ' s Iss . and .-t-A contemporary says , that the island of Juan , Fernandez at present contains sixteen , inhabitants . Among- them are two Americans , oas a sailor , and tho other a slirewd , enterprising ^ ankee , naiaed Pierce , from Maine , vi ' no is fast accuaiulating a fortune , by tradit . g with passing vessels . —Bostm Chronotiipe .
Animal ,. * nd Vegetable Diet . —England is the most fleslioonsuming country in Europe , wUileits mortality is the smallest ; the duration of lifs- being about a » third longcs than in Italy , where liiaecaroni and othftr farinaceous substances form the stable diet , and > diere milk , partly from deficiency of pasture . and gartly from , prejudice , Ss little used . : ^ Servants ' « rAmerica . Com plainta , wer | often r aadoto us olthe difficjity of finding * or of Keeping , whenfQjind , good servants in tk& states ; and amusing anecdotes wew told- of the indepemlence of American *« ¥ » in *>» fe " land of liberty . " - - -Thus , a " gve <» mountain W " o ! Vermont engaged himself to * family in town , there was . aaeveningparty at thei house , andl he came in with a tray ; seeing sbmciladies sitting talking ia a corner which he could ; not reach , Ko . called out . " Hullo , girls !
how are you , ofjir there for cream and sweetinin ?" Being directed to HgUVa fivo in thernorninsj in theparlouafoc the children , whenthe _ mistress came down sbft fouad tlie servant sitting in a chair , with his fe ( & up , arid reading the newspaper ; without rising ihe cried pointing to tho fire , " Isn' t that a roarw ? ' * : Mr . Bcooinb Puzzled . —Buggins ( at the-break-£ ut table : ) V Mary Anne , bring me a' e gg-Fmiswa daughter : "An egg , if you please , father : au ew , not a' egg ; pray speak correctly . " -Buggms ; An egg is ifmydear-an egg , oh ? , Well , 1 suppose > ou aro right , though in my time peepleMid » . egs- A " egg , eh ? Well " Mary Anne , instead of one yo uaay : brihg me two neji . ' - ;; - .. - - ¦ . ' ¦ .- ¦ - ¦'¦ ¦ ¦ ' - \ - ' nmtmt ht » Aristocratic GovEBNMENTf . -Goyernrocnt ^ ^ almost always been ' a' barrier against wmcft J ° » has haa to struggle » 'rG' ' « 8 B ' ' 7 ;
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An Earnest Appeal to the Middle Classes . By A "WonKiffG Man . Manchester ; J . Leach , 42 , Turner-street . This is a spmtedaddress to the middle classes by one who has suffered in his own person the wrongs lie exposes . The author's manner will he understood from the following extract : — : If the working classes look for help to those whom their labour has raised to affluence , they point to the number of their children as proof of their folly and imprudence , and to the uncultivated wastes of Australia or Tan Diemens Land
as havens ofrefugeforthe destitute J _ Tf they look to the press—that mighty power for evil or for good —it , too ,, delig hts to blacken with infamy the virtuous struggles of honest men , and lauds their tyrant rulers as bountiful dispensers of benefits to whom they should gratefully bow in silent ¦ suhjection , If they turn to the laws of their country for redress , they proclaim the sons of poverty as vagrants , idlers , and impostors , allied against that prosperity they are made to protect ; if they turn to the judges and executors of the law , they are looked upon as a nuisance in society , and are , therefore , cast away without mercv . < ¦
We understand that this pamphlet may De had of Mr . A . Heywood , and all other Manchester booksellers .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 12, 1850, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1556/page/3/